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Canadian Journal of Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729884/body-and-mind-psychosocial-interventions-for-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
EDITORIAL
Andrew S Mackie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729882/venous-thromboembolism-caused-by-spending-a-night-in-a-vehicle-after-an-earthquake-night-in-a-vehicle-after-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake
#2
LETTER
Daisuke Sueta, Seiji Hokimoto, Yoichiro Hashimoto, Kenji Sakamoto, Hiroshi Hosokawa, Kazuhiro Nishigami, Koji Sato, Koichiro Fujisue, Sunao Kojima, Takeshi Takahashi, Kazuhiko Hanzawa, Hisao Ogawa, Kenichi Tsujita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703422/new-horizons-on-the-50th-anniversary-of-heart-transplantation-in-canada-where-there-is-death-there-is-hope
#3
EDITORIAL
Yasbanoo Moayedi, Mosaad Alhussein, Juan G Duero Posada, Stella Kozuszko, Kiran K Khush, Jeffrey J Teuteberg, Mitesh V Badiwala, Heather J Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731184/selection-bias-in-cardiology-research-another-thing-to-worry-about-and-how-to-correct-for-it
#4
EDITORIAL
Christopher Labos, George Thanassoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605461/hockey-games-and-the-incidence-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#5
Caroline E Gebhard, Catherine Gebhard, Foued Maafi, Marie-Jeanne Bertrand, Barbara E Stähli, Karin Wildi, Zurine Galvan, Aurel Toma, Zheng W Zhang, David Smith, Hung Q Ly
BACKGROUND: The association between diagnosed acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and hockey games in the Canadian population is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the association between hockey games of the National Hockey League Montreal Canadiens and daily hospital admissions for acute STEMI at the Montreal Heart Institute, Canada. RESULTS: Between June 2010 and December 2014, a total of 2199 patients (25.9% women; mean age, 62...
March 20, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735318/reply-to-mcclure-et-al-reader-commentary-on-2017-comprehensive-update-of-the-canadian-cardiovascular-society-guidelines-for-the-management-of-heart-failure
#6
LETTER
Justin A Ezekowitz, M Sean McMurtry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731183/insights-on-the-use-of-twitter-at-the-canadian-cardiovascular-congress
#7
LETTER
Pishoy Gouda, Justin Ezekowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731032/successful-total-pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis-in-the-first-series-of-japanese-patients-with-mulibrey-nanism
#8
Jun Yasuhara, Sayu Omori, Jun Maeda, Naomi Nakagawa, Masahiro Kamada, Kenjiro Kosaki, Ryo Aeba, Hiroyuki Yamagishi
Patients with Mulibrey nanism (MUL) present with growth failure and multiple organ manifestations, and MUL is caused by mutations in TRIM37. In this article, we report on the first case series of Japanese patients with MUL who developed congestive heart failure due to constrictive pericarditis. Our case series suggests that early diagnosis and total pericardiectomy before adherence of the pericardium might provide clinical benefit and better prognosis for MUL.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731031/direct-factor-xa-inhibitors-for-long-term-stroke-prevention-in-atrial-fibrillation-could-the-lower-dose-fit-all
#9
LETTER
Thomas A Mavrakanas, Manish M Sood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731030/reply-to-kawada-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-and-the-extent-of-hibernating-myocardium
#10
LETTER
Jason G E Zelt, George Wells, Lisa M Mielniczuk, Rob S Beanlands
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731029/heart-block-ptosis-and-diagnostic-funduscopic-examination-problems-of-the-heart-seen-through-the-eyes
#11
Cornelius Rodney Ramcharan
Mitochondrial diseases are complex and rare clinical entities that can sometimes be diagnosed by their constellation of simple clinical signs. We describe a 24-year-old insulin-dependent diabetic women who was diagnosed with complete heart block and required permanent pacemaker implantation. Astute physical examination revealed opthalmoparesis, ptosis, and pigmentary retinopathy consistent with a diagnosis of Kearns-Sayre syndrome. When a young patient presents with complete heart block, a neurologic examination including funduscopy can identify Kearns-Sayre syndrome, which has far-reaching consequence for the index patient and offspring...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731028/investigating-cortisol-production-and-pattern-as-mediators-in-the-relationship-between-shift-work-and-cardiometabolic-risk
#12
Jennifer Ritonja, Kristan J Aronson, Andrew G Day, Jill Korsiak, Joan Tranmer
BACKGROUND: Shift work is a risk factor for many diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Although the biological pathways are still unclear, it is hypothesized that cortisol disruption during night work is an intermediate. The objective of this study is to determine whether total cortisol production and cortisol pattern mediate the relationship between current shift work and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) among female hospital employees. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 326 female employees (166 rotating shift workers, 160 day workers), recruited from a hospital in Southeastern Ontario, Canada, during 2011 to 2014...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731027/prognostic-role-of-hypertensive-response-to-exercise-in-patients-with-repaired-coarctation-of-aorta
#13
Vidhushei Yogeswaran, Heidi M Connolly, Mohamad Al-Otaibi, Naser M Ammash, Carole A Warnes, Sameh M Said, Alexander C Egbe
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertensive response to exercise (HRE) and its association with cardiovascular adverse events (CAEs) in patients with repaired coarctation of aorta (rCOA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of adult patients with rCOA who had cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs) and follow-up from 1994 to 2014 at Mayo Clinic. Patients with residual COA, defined as aortic isthmus peak velocity >2.5 m/s, were excluded...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731026/applicability-of-the-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial-sprint-to-the-canadian-population
#14
Alexander A Leung, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Finlay A McAlister, Nadia A Khan, Doreen M Rabi, Hude Quan, Raj S Padwal
BACKGROUND: The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) showed significant reductions in major cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality with a systolic blood pressure (BP) goal of < 120 mm Hg compared with < 140 mm Hg. We sought to determine the proportion of Canadian adults who meet SPRINT eligibility criteria. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using cycles 1-3 of the nationally representative Canadian Health Measures Survey to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of Canadian adults between the ages of 20 and 79 who meet SPRINT eligibility criteria: age ≥ 50 years, elevated systolic BP of 130-180 mm Hg, and increased cardiovascular risk (with chronic kidney disease, Framingham Risk Score ≥ 15% in 10 years, and/or cardiovascular disease) but without diabetes, stroke, or end-stage renal disease...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731025/the-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-vs-hypertension-canada-high-blood-pressure-guidelines-and-potential-implications
#15
Rémi Goupil, Maxime Lamarre-Cliche, Michel Vallée
In this report we examine the differences between the 2017 Hypertension Canada and 2017 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) blood pressure (BP) guidelines regarding the proportions of individuals with a diagnosis of hypertension, BP above thresholds for treatment initiation, and BP below targets using the CARTaGENE cohort. Compared with the 2017 Canadian guidelines, the 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines would result in increases of 8.7% in hypertension diagnosis and 3.4% of individuals needing treatment, with 17...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731024/the-potential-effects-of-new-stent-platforms-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Gustavo S Guandalini, Sripal Bangalore
Coronary artery disease in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by extensive atherosclerosis, longer lesions, and diffuse distal disease. Consequently, these patients have worse outcomes after coronary revascularization, regardless of the modality used. Traditionally, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been regarded as more effective than percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with DM, likely because of more complete revascularization and protection against disease progression in the bypass segment...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731023/heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-diabetes-mechanisms-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Patrick Meagher, Mohamed Adam, Robert Civitarese, Antoinette Bugyei-Twum, Kim A Connelly
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major cause of heart failure in the Western world, either secondary to coronary artery disease or from a distinct entity known as "diabetic cardiomyopathy." Furthermore, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is emerging as a significant clinical problem for patients with DM. Current clinical data suggest that between 30% and 40% of patients with HFpEF suffer from DM. The typical structural phenotype of the HFpEF heart consists of endothelial dysfunction, increased interstitial and perivascular fibrosis, cardiomyocyte stiffness, and hypertrophy along with advanced glycation end products deposition...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731022/prediabetes
#18
REVIEW
Aditya K Khetan, Sanjay Rajagopalan
The burden of diabetes is expected to rise from 415 million individuals in 2015 to 642 million individuals by 2040. Most individuals pass through a phase of prediabetes before developing full-blown diabetes. Insulin resistance, impaired incretin action, and insulin hypersecretion are central to the pathophysiology of prediabetes. Individuals older than 40 years of age and other high-risk individuals should be screened for diabetes with fasting plasma glucose and/or hemoglobin A1c. For those diagnosed with prediabetes, the goal of treatment should be restoring euglycemia, because there are data showing that restoring normoglycemia during prediabetes and early diabetes can produce lasting remission...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731021/pathophysiological-links-between-diabetes-and-blood-pressure
#19
REVIEW
Renata Libianto, Duygu Batu, Richard J MacIsaac, Mark E Cooper, Elif I Ekinci
Hypertension is highly prevalent among people with diabetes, and the presence of diabetes among those with hypertension portends an increase in cardiovascular risk. In this review we aim to explore the pathophysiological links between diabetes and hypertension. Renal sodium handling differs in diabetes because there is an upregulation of sodium transporters in the kidneys. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system may be upregulated in diabetes, leading to hypertension through a direct effect mediated by angiotensin II, as well as indirectly through upregulation of sympathetic activity...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731020/the-genetic-link-between-diabetes-and-atherosclerosis
#20
REVIEW
Stephanie Ross, Hertzel Gerstein, Guillaume Paré
Epidemiological studies have indicated that the risk of atherothrombotic coronary artery disease (CAD) is higher in patients with diabetes, but these results have not been consistently observed across clinical trials. To address this apparent discrepancy, we can apply the results of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to provide a better understanding of the shared genetic architecture of diabetes and atherothrombotic CAD. For instance, a large GWAS has identified 16 novel loci that are associated with both diabetes and atherothrombotic CAD...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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