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Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204841/the-influence-of-side-effect-information-framing-on-nocebo-effects
#1
Kate Faasse, Anna Huynh, Sarah Pearson, Andrew L Geers, Suzanne G Helfer, Ben Colagiuri
Background: One contributing factor to the development of nocebo effects is information provided about possible side effects. However, nondisclosure of information can be problematic. Purpose: We assessed whether positively framed side effect information (highlighting likelihood of not experiencing side effects) can reduce nocebo effects compared to negatively framed information (highlighting likelihood of experiencing side effects). Methods: One hundred twelve participants took part in research ostensibly assessing the influence of benzodiazepines (actually sham capsules) on anxiety...
September 10, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192907/efficacy-of-contextually-tailored-suggestions-for-physical-activity-a-micro-randomized-optimization-trial-of-heartsteps
#2
Predrag Klasnja, Shawna Smith, Nicholas J Seewald, Andy Lee, Kelly Hall, Brook Luers, Eric B Hekler, Susan A Murphy
Background: HeartSteps is an mHealth intervention that encourages regular walking via activity suggestions tailored to the individuals' current context. Purpose: We conducted a micro-randomized trial (MRT) to evaluate the efficacy of HeartSteps' activity suggestions to optimize the intervention. Methods: We conducted a 6-week MRT with 44 adults. Contextually tailored suggestions could be delivered up to five times per day at user-selected times...
September 5, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184082/goal-adjustment-and-well-being-the-role-of-optimism-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#3
Carmen Ramírez-Maestre, Rosa Esteve, Alicia E López-Martínez, Elena R Serrano-Ibáñez, Gema T Ruiz-Párraga, Madelon Peters
Background: Chronic pain directly or indirectly interferes with valued personal goals. Goal adjustment plays a central role in patients' adaptation. Studies on the relationship between optimism and goal regulation have shown that people with high dispositional optimism adjust their goals in a flexible way, and that flexible goal adjustment promotes quality of life. Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship among optimism, goal adjustment, and adaptation in patients with chronic pain...
September 3, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169815/childhood-poly-victimization-is-associated-with-elevated-body-mass-index-and-blunted-cortisol-stress-response-in-college-women
#4
Aimee J Christie, Karen A Matthews
Background : Childhood interpersonal violence is linked to obesity and central adiposity in adulthood. Victimization experiences are likely to co-occur within individuals, but few studies have examined poly-victimization in the context of obesity and central adiposity. Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between poly-victimization and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) and to explore whether dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, as measured by the cortisol stress response, mediates the relationship...
August 30, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124742/why-does-work-cause-fatigue-a-real-time-investigation-of-fatigue-and-determinants-of-fatigue-in-nurses-working-12-hour-shifts
#5
Derek W Johnston, Julia L Allan, Daniel J H Powell, Martyn C Jones, Barbara Farquharson, Cheryl Bell, Marie Johnston
Background: One of the striking regularities of human behavior is that a prolonged physical, cognitive, or emotional activity leads to feelings of fatigue. Fatigue could be due to (1) depletion of a finite resource of physical and/or psychological energy or (2) changes in motivation, attention, and goal-directed effort (e.g. motivational control theory). Purpose: To contrast predictions from these two views in a real-time study of subjective fatigue in nurses while working...
August 16, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107521/loneliness-and-telomere-length-immune-and-parasympathetic-function-in-associations-with-accelerated-aging
#6
Stephanie J Wilson, Alex Woody, Avelina C Padin, Jue Lin, William B Malarkey, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Background: Lonely people's heightened risks for chronic health conditions and early mortality may emerge in part through cellular aging. Lonelier people have more severe sympathetic responses to acute stress, increasing their risk for herpesvirus reactivation, a possible path to shorter telomeres. Parasympathetic function may modulate this risk. Purpose: The current study aimed to examine the associations among loneliness, herpesvirus reactivation, and telomere length, with parasympathetic activity as a moderator, in healthy middle-aged and older adults...
August 13, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107471/the-effect-of-reciprocity-priming-on-organ-donor-registration-intentions-and-behavior
#7
Ronan E O'Carroll, Jody Quigley, Christopher B Miller
Background: Internationally the demand for organ transplants far exceeds the available supply of donated organs. Purpose: We examine if a digital reciprocity prime based on reciprocal altruism can be used to increase organ donor registration intentions and behavior. Methods: Four hundred twenty participants (223 females) from England and Scotland aged 18+ who were not currently registered organ donors were randomized by block allocation using a 1:1 ratio to receive either a reciprocity prime or control message...
August 10, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084860/dispositional-optimism-and-cardiovascular-reactivity-accompanying-anger-and-sadness-in-young-adults
#8
Amoha Bajaj, Caitlin A Bronson, Matthew Habel, Saif Rahman, Holly R Weisberg, Richard J Contrada
Background: Dispositional optimism, a generalized expectation for positive outcomes, appears to promote physical health and well-being, including positive effects on cardiovascular disease outcomes. Mechanisms may involve adaptive responses to psychological stressors that dampen their physiological impact. Purpose: This study investigated (i) whether individual differences in optimism are associated with attenuated cardiovascular reactivity (CVR); (ii) whether the CVR moderating effect of optimism differs for two stress emotions, anger and sadness; and (iii) whether separate measures of optimism and pessimism, and the more commonly used measure that combines them, differ in their relationships with CVR...
August 4, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113625/parasympathetic-response-patterns-are-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-among-older-women-but-not-men
#9
Christina Gentile, Blaine Ditto, Alain Deschamps, Bianca D'Antono
Background: Little is known about the role of physiological stress responses in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Purpose: To examine whether patterns of autonomic response to psychological stress are associated with MetS and whether this association is moderated by sex. Methods: 1121 men and women (Mage = 65.3 ± 6.77 years) with and without coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent an anger recall stressor task. Heart rate and heart-rate variability (HRV; HF, LF/HF) were assessed...
August 3, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30060071/invisible-social-support-and-invisible-social-control-in-dual-smoker-couple-s-everyday-life-a-dyadic-perspective
#10
Janina Lüscher, Diana Hilda Hohl, Nina Knoll, Urte Scholz
Background: Invisible exchange processes (i.e., invisible support, invisible control) are commonly operationalized as support or control provided by a partner, but unnoticed by the recipient, and have been reported to be beneficially related to affect. However, studies have almost exclusively focused on affect as an outcome and rather neglected other outcomes, such as health behavior. One study so far demonstrated a coupling of invisible support and increased unhealthy behavior. Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate differences in invisible exchanges within a dyadic context of heterosexual, romantic dual-smoker couples...
July 27, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052710/preloss-spirituality-predicts-postloss-distress-of-bereaved-cancer-caregivers
#11
Amanda Ting, Aurelie Lucette, Charles S Carver, Rachel S Cannady, Youngmee Kim
Background: Although spirituality has been identified as a psychological resource relevant to coping with caregiving stress, little is known about the differential roles of spirituality's facets in bereaved caregivers' adjustment. Purpose: This study examined this question with regard to bereavement-specific and general distress in cancer caregivers. Methods: Cancer caregivers provided data at 2 years after their relative's diagnosis when all the patients were alive (Time 1, preloss) and 3 years later, after the patient had died (Time 2, postloss: N = 128)...
July 24, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052699/self-incentives-uniquely-boost-cessation-in-community-based-stop-smoking-programs-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Emma M Brown, Debbie M Smith, Christopher J Armitage
Background: Self-incentives offer a plausible alternative to paying smokers to quit but have not yet been tested in a randomized controlled trial. Purpose: The present study tested whether, compared with a control group, prompting smokers explicitly to self-incentivize if they abstain from smoking for a week or a month encouraged sustained abstinence. Method: One hundred and fifty-nine smokers were recruited from stop smoking clinics and randomized to an active control condition (asked to form a plan to quit, n = 65) or one of two intervention conditions in which they were asked to form implementation intentions designed to ensure that they incentivized themselves if they had not smoked at all by the end of (a) the week (n = 44) or (b) the month (n = 50)...
July 21, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052702/similarities-and-differences-in-tobacco-control-research-findings-from-convenience-and-probability-samples
#13
Michelle Jeong, Dongyu Zhang, Jennifer C Morgan, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Amira Osman, Marcella H Boynton, Jennifer R Mendel, Noel T Brewer
Background: Online convenience samples are a quick and low-cost way to study health behavior, but the comparability to findings from probability samples is not yet well understood. Purpose: We sought to compare convenience and probability samples' findings for experiments, correlates, and prevalence in the context of tobacco control research. Methods: Participants were a probability sample of 5,014 U.S. adults recruited by phone from September 2014 through May 2015 (cost ~U...
July 20, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020401/predictors-of-adherence-to-different-volumes-of-exercise-in-the-breast-cancer-and-exercise-trial-in-alberta
#14
Chelsea R Stone, Christine M Friedenreich, Rachel O'Reilly, Megan S Farris, James R Vallerand, Dong-Woo Kang, Kerry S Courneya
Background: Exercise demonstrates a dose-response effect on many health outcomes; however, adhering to higher doses of exercise can be challenging, and the predictors of adherence may differ based on exercise volume. Purpose: To examine the predictors of adherence to two different volumes of aerobic exercise within the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta (BETA). Methods: In BETA, we randomized 400 inactive but healthy postmenopausal women to either a moderate volume (150 min/week) or a high volume (300 min/week) of aerobic exercise for 1 year...
July 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020399/fatigue-in-prevalent-haemodialysis-patients-predicts-all-cause-mortality-and-kidney-transplantation
#15
Federica Picariello, Sam Norton, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Joseph Chilcot
Background: Fatigue affects between 49% and 92% of dialysis patients with considerable repercussions on their functioning and quality of life. Purpose: To evaluate whether fatigue severity and its impact on functioning predict survival (all-cause mortality) and time to transplantation among in-centre haemodialysis patients. Methods: As part of a prospective study of fatigue among in-centre haemodialysis patients, survival data were collected between April 2014 and August 2017...
July 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010702/no-evidence-of-healthy-neuroticism-in-the-hawaii-personality-and-health-cohort
#16
Sara J Weston, Patrick L Hill, Grant W Edmonds, Daniel K Mroczek, Sarah E Hampson
Background: Heterogeneity in the effects of trait neuroticism on mortality has inspired recent theories of "healthy neuroticism," or the possibility that neuroticism can lead people down either healthy or unhealthy behavioral pathways. The logical extension of this theory is that some construct-perhaps another trait, financial resource, or health-relevant situation-changes the relationship between neuroticism and health. The other possibility is that different components of neuroticism lead to different health behaviors and therefore different outcomes...
July 12, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985969/effects-of-mental-fatigue-on-exercise-intentions-and-behavior
#17
Denver M Y Brown, Steven R Bray
Background: Exerting cognitive control results in mental fatigue, which is associated with impaired performance during physical endurance tasks. However, there has been little research on the effects of mental fatigue on people's perceptions or behaviors involving lifestyle or recreational exercise. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of mental fatigue on intended physical exertion and exercise performance reflective of current physical activity guidelines...
July 9, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985968/intervention-effects-of-girls-on-the-move-on-increasing-physical-activity-a-group-randomized-trial
#18
Lorraine B Robbins, Jiying Ling, Dhruv B Sharma, Danielle M Dalimonte-Merckling, Vicki R Voskuil, Kenneth Resnicow, Niko Kaciroti, Karin A Pfeiffer
Background: Limited intervention success in increasing and sustaining girls' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) underscores a need for continued research. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 17-week Girls on the Move (GOTM) intervention on increasing MVPA among fifth- to eighth-grade girls. Methods: This study is a group (cluster) randomized trial, including 24 schools, pair matched and assigned to intervention (n = 12) or control (n = 12) conditions...
July 7, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947733/are-spouses-sleep-problems-a-mechanism-through-which-health-is-compromised-evidence-regarding-insomnia-and-heart-disease
#19
Yao-Chi Shih, Sae Hwang Han, Jeffrey A Burr
Background: Symptoms of insomnia have been widely identified as risk factors for health, including heart disease. Despite the expansive and growing literature on health concordance among coupled individuals, few studies have examined insomnia as a shared risk factor for heart disease among middle-aged and older couples. Purpose: This study examined the association between insomnia and incident heart disease among couples. A dyadic modeling approach was employed to investigate the relationships between one's own insomnia and partners' insomnia for the risk of incident heart disease for each partner...
June 26, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947732/longitudinal-associations-between-provision-of-autonomy-support-and-well-being-in-spouses-of-individuals-with-chronic-pain
#20
Esra Ascigil, Ahmet Uysal, Sacide Nur Saracgil Cosar
Background: Caregiving spouses of individuals with chronic pain often experience poor well-being. Purpose: The current study aimed to examine the association between chronic pain-related provision of autonomy support and well-being in support providers (spouses) of individuals with chronic pain. Methods: Spouses of individuals with a diagnosed musculoskeletal chronic pain condition (N = 172) were recruited for a five-time point longitudinal study...
June 26, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
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