journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Rural Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143383/who-performs-colonoscopy-workforce-trends-over-space-and-time
#1
Jan M Eberth, Michele J Josey, Lee R Mobley, Davidson O Nicholas, Donna B Jeffe, Cassie Odahowski, Janice C Probst, Mario Schootman
PURPOSE: With the increased availability of colonoscopy to average risk persons due to insurance coverage benefit changes, we sought to identify changes in the colonoscopy workforce. We used outpatient discharge records from South Carolina between 2001 and 2010 to examine shifts over time and in urban versus rural areas in the types of medical providers who perform colonoscopy, and the practice settings in which they occur, and to explore variation in colonoscopy volume across facility and provider types...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135050/belief-about-mandatory-school-vaccinations-and-vaccination-refusal-among-ohio-appalachian-parents-do-demographic-and-religious-factors-general-health-and-political-affiliation-play-a-role
#2
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Brittany M Bernardo, Rory C Weier, Juan Peng, Mira L Katz, Paul L Reiter, Morgan S Richardson, Michael L Pennell, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
PURPOSE: To examine how demographic, general health, religious, and political characteristics influenced beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of vaccination refusal for children among Ohio Appalachian parents. METHODS: In 2013 and 2014, baseline data were obtained from parents (n = 337) of girls aged 9-17 from 12 counties in rural Ohio Appalachia enrolled in the Community Awareness, Resources and Education (CARE II) Project. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of parental beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of refusing a doctor-recommended vaccine for their child(ren)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119681/weight-loss-success-of-participants-residing-in-rural-and-urban-areas
#3
Elise Mench, Delia West, Rebecca Krukowski, Jean Harvey
PURPOSE: Rural residents are significantly more likely to be overweight and obese than are urban residents. However, few data have compared weight control program responses in these population groups. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to evaluate the weight loss outcomes of participants in a multisite, online behavioral intervention by residential location (rural vs urban) and, second, assess any possible differences in adherence to treatment goals. METHODS: A total of 492 adult participants (mean BMI = 35...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105809/us-health-care-reform-and-rural-america-results-from-the-aca-s-medicaid-expansions
#4
Joseph A Benitez, Eric E Seiber
PURPOSE: Medicaid expansions, prompted by the Affordable Care Act, generated generally positive effects on coverage and alleviated much of the financial burden associated with seeking health care. We do not know if these shifts also extend to the nation's rural populations. METHODS: Using 2011-2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, this study compares trend changes for coverage, access to care, and health care utilization in response to Medicaid expansion among urban and rural residents using a difference-in-differences regression approach...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058351/health-and-well-being-among-young-people-from-canadian-farms-associations-with-a-culture-of-risk-taking
#5
William Pickett, Richard L Berg, Barbara Marlenga
PURPOSE: To determine whether patterns of adolescent risk behavior in rural populations, and especially farm populations, are associated with negative indicators of adolescent health and well-being, beyond an established association between risk-taking and injury. METHODS: The study base was Cycle 7 (2014) of the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study. Children aged 11-16 years (n = 2,565; 2,533 weighted) who reported living or working on farms were matched within schools in a 1:1 ratio with other rural children...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058344/identifying-variability-in-patient-characteristics-and-prevalence-of-emergency-department-utilization-for-mental-health-diagnoses-in-rural-and-urban-communities
#6
Shawnda M Schroeder, Mandi-Leigh Peterson
PURPOSE: In order to redirect at-risk patients to more appropriate, cost-effective behavioral health care, research must identify the prevalence, and common characteristics, of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) for mental disorders. QUESTION: Are large, small, and/or isolated rural patients presenting to the ED for mental disorders in greater proportion than urban ED patients? METHODS: Analyses included data from the Health Care Cost and Utilization Project State Emergency Department Databases (2013) provided by 7 states, covering all Census regions...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030951/timeliness-of-breast-cancer-treatment-within-the-alaska-tribal-health-system
#7
Stacy F Kelley, Gretchen M Day, Christine A DeCourtney, Sarah H Nash
PURPOSE: This study examined the time from breast cancer diagnosis to initiation of treatment among Alaska Native (AN) women. We evaluated the impact of age, cancer stage, and rural/urban residence at diagnosis. METHODS: We evaluated characteristics of women recorded in the Alaska Native Tumor Registry who received a first diagnosis of breast cancer between 2009 and 2013. Median time from diagnosis to treatment was assessed. Associations of demographic and clinical characteristics with timely initiation of treatment were evaluated using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024027/rural-disparities-in-alzheimer-s-disease-related-community-pharmacy-care-in-the-united-states
#8
Paul Jacob Henkel, Marketa Marvanova
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between area population density and community pharmacy-based Alzheimer's Disease (AD)-related services: pharmacists' medication knowledge and counseling, immunizations, and in-stock cognitive enhancers in 3 predominantly rural regions of the United States. METHODS: A standardized interview was administered by telephone to a 100% sample of community pharmacies in 3 areas: Northern California/Southern Oregon (n = 206), North and South Dakota (n = 278), and West Virginia (n = 420)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940539/financial-and-health-barriers-and-caregiving-related-difficulties-among-rural-and-urban-caregivers
#9
Erin D Bouldin, Lynn Shaull, Elena M Andresen, Valerie J Edwards, Lisa C McGuire
PURPOSE: To assess whether financial or health-related barriers were more common among rural caregivers and whether rural caregivers experienced more caregiving-related difficulties than their urban peers. METHODS: We used data from 7,436 respondents to the Caregiver Module in 10 states from the 2011-2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Respondents were classified as caregivers if they reported providing care to a family member or friend because of a long-term illness or disability...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921673/safety-of-back-transfer-to-local-hospitals-during-an-acute-care-hospitalization
#10
Leah F Nelson, Karisa K Harland, Dan M Shane, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Nicholas M Mohr
PURPOSE: This paper investigates patient outcomes including length of stay (LOS), cost of hospitalization, bounce-back rates, transition to hospice care, and mortality, following back-transfer. METHODS: This study was an observational case-control study of adults hospitalized in Iowa between 2005 and 2013 to identify back-transferred patients. Back-transfer was defined as the transfer of rural patients near the end of their acute hospitalization in a comprehensive medical center back to a local community hospital for the completion of their medical care...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921667/polysubstance-use-among-adolescents-in-a-low-income-rural-community-latent-classes-for-middle-and-high-school-students
#11
Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, Paul R Smokowski, Matthew O Howard, Katie L Stalker
PURPOSE: Rural communities are currently being impacted by a nationwide epidemic of prescription opioid misuse. Rural adolescent substance users may be at substantial risk for later addiction to these and other drugs. METHODS: This study uses Latent Class Analysis to identify subtypes of polysubstance users among a sample of 7,074 rural adolescents. Separate models were estimated for middle- and high-school youth. Predictive validity was estimated using cumulative ordinal logistic regression of the classes on a set of youth and family characteristics...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880420/latent-risk-subtypes-based-on-injection-and-sexual-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-rural-puerto-rico
#12
Dane Hautala, Roberto Abadie, Courtney Thrash, Juan Carlos Reyes, Kirk Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) in Puerto Rico engage in high levels of injection and sexual risk behavior, and they are at high risk for HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) infection, relative to their US counterparts. Less is known, however, about the clustering of risk behavior conducive to HIV and HCV infection among rural Puerto Rican communities. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine concurrent injection and sexual risk subtypes among a rural sample of PWID in Puerto Rico...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872699/psychosocial-correlates-of-ever-having-a-pap-test-and-abnormal-pap-results-in-a-sample-of-rural-appalachian-women
#13
Kristen P Mark, Richard A Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
BACKGROUND: Despite known prevention and screening efforts, there are higher invasive cervical cancer rates in Appalachia than in other areas of the United States and higher mortality rates in the Appalachian region of Kentucky compared to Appalachian regions of other states. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the association of psychosocial factors relevant to cervical cancer and the outcome of ever having a Pap test in a rural sample of women...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872697/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-providing-methadone-maintenance-treatment-among-rural-community-pharmacists-in-southwestern-ontario
#14
Joseph Fonseca, Andrew Chang, Feng Chang
PURPOSE: Misuse of opioids has become a public health concern across North America. Rural patients have limited access to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), an opioid addiction-treatment service that could be offered by community pharmacists. The aim of this study was to identify rural community pharmacists' perceived barriers, motivations, and solutions to offering MMT to their patients. METHODS: One-on-one, semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 community pharmacists who practice in rural southwestern Ontario...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842930/medication-assisted-opioid-treatment-prescribers-in-federally-qualified-health-centers-capacity-lags-in-rural-areas
#15
Emily B Jones
PURPOSE: This study explores correlates of on-site availability of substance use disorder treatment services in federally qualified health centers, including buprenorphine treatment that is critical to addressing the opioid epidemic. METHODS: We employed descriptive and multivariable analyses with weighted 2010 Assessment of Behavioral Health Services survey data and the 2010 Uniform Data System. FINDINGS: In 2010, 47.6% of health centers provided on-site substance use disorder treatment, 12...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842929/the-effect-of-rurality-on-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-resuscitation-incidence-an-exploratory-study-of-a-national-registry-utilizing-a-categorical-approach
#16
Siobhán Masterson, Conor Teljeur, John Cullinan, Andrew W Murphy, Conor Deasy, Akke Vellinga
PURPOSE: Variation in incidence is a universal feature of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). One potential source of variation is the rurality of the location where the OHCA incident occurs. While previous work has used a simple binary approach to define rurality, the purpose of this study was to use a categorical approach to quantify the impact of urban-rural classification on OHCA incidence in the Republic of Ireland. METHODS: The observed versus expected ratio of OHCA incidence where resuscitation was attempted for the period January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2014, was calculated for each of the 3,408 electoral divisions (ED)...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913942/the-journal-of-rural-health-reviewers-july-2016-june-2017
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913876/an-assessment-of-participant-described-interprofessional-oral-health-referral-systems-across-rurality
#18
Sean G Boynes, Abigail Lauer, Mark Deutchman, Amy B Martin
PURPOSE: As a means to identify and quantify oral health interprofessional collaborative practice (IPP), we examined participant-described medical-to-dental (M2D) referral networks and how they function across rurality. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey on the appraisal of IPP referral systems in 2016. Secondarily, we examined if rural health clinics (RHCs) have different experiences with M2D referrals compared to other practice types. Independent variables included geographic and organizational indicators, referral system attributes, and respondent characteristics...
September 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905468/preventive-dental-checkups-and-their-association-with-access-to-usual-source-of-care-among-rural-and-urban-adult-residents
#19
Aishah Khan, Janani R Thapa, Donglan Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the relationship between rural or urban residence and having a usual source of care (USC), and the utilization of preventive dental checkups among adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2012. We performed a logit regression on the relationship between rural and urban residence, having a USC, and having at least 1 dental checkup in the past year, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health status...
September 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905433/integrating-oral-health-into-rural-primary-care-the-what-and-the-why
#20
Mark Deutchman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Rural Health
journal
journal
29111
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"