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Journal of Rural Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350432/national-public-health-data-systems-in-the-united-states-applications-to-child-agricultural-injury-surveillance
#1
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, William Pickett
PURPOSE: The United States has no comprehensive national surveillance system for fatal or nonfatal child agricultural injuries. Thus, important knowledge gaps exist about recurrent injury patterns that could provide targeted focus for prevention efforts. The purpose of this study was to explore existing US public health data systems to determine their utility with respect to informing child agricultural injury surveillance and primary prevention. METHODS: Public health data systems were selected if they: (1) were national in scope, (2) were active and ongoing, (3) included physical injuries, and (4) contained a "farm" location variable...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322558/-the-masks-we-wear-a-qualitative-study-of-suicide-in-australian-farmers
#2
Lisa Kunde, Kairi Kõlves, Brian Kelly, Prasuna Reddy, Diego de Leo
PURPOSE: Farmer suicide is a major public issue in Australia. Using the psychological autopsy method, this study aimed to examine the life and death circumstances of Australian male farmers who died by suicide through verbal reports from their close significant others. METHODS: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 relatives of male farmers who had died by suicide in Queensland or New South Wales, Australia (2006-2014). This study followed the COREQ checklist criteria for the reporting of qualitative research...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322555/evaluating-factors-impacting-medication-adherence-among-rural-urban-and-suburban-populations
#3
Cody Arbuckle, Daniel Tomaszewski, Benjamin D Aronson, Lawrence Brown, Jon Schommer, Donald Morisky, Erik Linstead
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in prescription medication adherence rates, as well as influencing factors, in rural and urban adults. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists' Role. A total of 26,173 participants completed the survey and provided usable data. Participants using between 1 and 30 prescription medications and living more than 0 miles and up to 200 miles from their nearest pharmacy were selected for the study, resulting in a total of 15,933 participants...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193298/what-aspects-of-rural-life-contribute-to-rural-urban-health-disparities-in-older-adults-evidence-from-a-national-survey
#4
Steven A Cohen, Sarah K Cook, Trisha A Sando, Natalie J Sabik
PURPOSE: Rural-urban health disparities are well-documented and particularly problematic for older adults. However, determining which specific aspects of rural or urban living initiate these disparities remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess associations between place-based characteristics of rural-urban status and health among adults age 65+. METHODS: Data from the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were geographically linked to place-based characteristics from the American Community Survey...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143383/who-performs-colonoscopy-workforce-trends-over-space-and-time
#5
Jan M Eberth, Michele J Josey, Lee R Mobley, Davidson O Nicholas, Donna B Jeffe, Cassie Odahowski, Janice C Probst, Mario Schootman
PURPOSE: With the increased availability of colonoscopy to average risk persons due to insurance coverage benefit changes, we sought to identify changes in the colonoscopy workforce. We used outpatient discharge records from South Carolina between 2001 and 2010 to examine shifts over time and in urban versus rural areas in the types of medical providers who perform colonoscopy, and the practice settings in which they occur, and to explore variation in colonoscopy volume across facility and provider types...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135050/belief-about-mandatory-school-vaccinations-and-vaccination-refusal-among-ohio-appalachian-parents-do-demographic-and-religious-factors-general-health-and-political-affiliation-play-a-role
#6
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Brittany M Bernardo, Rory C Weier, Juan Peng, Mira L Katz, Paul L Reiter, Morgan S Richardson, Michael L Pennell, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
PURPOSE: To examine how demographic, general health, religious, and political characteristics influenced beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of vaccination refusal for children among Ohio Appalachian parents. METHODS: In 2013 and 2014, baseline data were obtained from parents (n = 337) of girls aged 9-17 from 12 counties in rural Ohio Appalachia enrolled in the Community Awareness, Resources and Education (CARE II) Project. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of parental beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of refusing a doctor-recommended vaccine for their child(ren)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119681/weight-loss-success-of-participants-residing-in-rural-and-urban-areas
#7
Elise Mench, Delia West, Rebecca Krukowski, Jean Harvey
PURPOSE: Rural residents are significantly more likely to be overweight and obese than are urban residents. However, few data have compared weight control program responses in these population groups. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to evaluate the weight loss outcomes of participants in a multisite, online behavioral intervention by residential location (rural vs urban) and, second, assess any possible differences in adherence to treatment goals. METHODS: A total of 492 adult participants (mean BMI = 35...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105809/us-health-care-reform-and-rural-america-results-from-the-aca-s-medicaid-expansions
#8
Joseph A Benitez, Eric E Seiber
PURPOSE: Medicaid expansions, prompted by the Affordable Care Act, generated generally positive effects on coverage and alleviated much of the financial burden associated with seeking health care. We do not know if these shifts also extend to the nation's rural populations. METHODS: Using 2011-2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, this study compares trend changes for coverage, access to care, and health care utilization in response to Medicaid expansion among urban and rural residents using a difference-in-differences regression approach...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297608/portraying-a-more-complete-picture-of-illicit-drug-use-epidemiology-and-policy-for-rural-america-a-competing-viewpoint-to-the-cdc-s-mmwr-report
#9
Tyrone F Borders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058351/health-and-well-being-among-young-people-from-canadian-farms-associations-with-a-culture-of-risk-taking
#10
William Pickett, Richard L Berg, Barbara Marlenga
PURPOSE: To determine whether patterns of adolescent risk behavior in rural populations, and especially farm populations, are associated with negative indicators of adolescent health and well-being, beyond an established association between risk-taking and injury. METHODS: The study base was Cycle 7 (2014) of the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study. Children aged 11-16 years (n = 2,565; 2,533 weighted) who reported living or working on farms were matched within schools in a 1:1 ratio with other rural children...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058344/identifying-variability-in-patient-characteristics-and-prevalence-of-emergency-department-utilization-for-mental-health-diagnoses-in-rural-and-urban-communities
#11
Shawnda M Schroeder, Mandi-Leigh Peterson
PURPOSE: In order to redirect at-risk patients to more appropriate, cost-effective behavioral health care, research must identify the prevalence, and common characteristics, of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) for mental disorders. QUESTION: Are large, small, and/or isolated rural patients presenting to the ED for mental disorders in greater proportion than urban ED patients? METHODS: Analyses included data from the Health Care Cost and Utilization Project State Emergency Department Databases (2013) provided by 7 states, covering all Census regions...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030951/timeliness-of-breast-cancer-treatment-within-the-alaska-tribal-health-system
#12
Stacy F Kelley, Gretchen M Day, Christine A DeCourtney, Sarah H Nash
PURPOSE: This study examined the time from breast cancer diagnosis to initiation of treatment among Alaska Native (AN) women. We evaluated the impact of age, cancer stage, and rural/urban residence at diagnosis. METHODS: We evaluated characteristics of women recorded in the Alaska Native Tumor Registry who received a first diagnosis of breast cancer between 2009 and 2013. Median time from diagnosis to treatment was assessed. Associations of demographic and clinical characteristics with timely initiation of treatment were evaluated using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024027/rural-disparities-in-alzheimer-s-disease-related-community-pharmacy-care-in-the-united-states
#13
Paul Jacob Henkel, Marketa Marvanova
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between area population density and community pharmacy-based Alzheimer's Disease (AD)-related services: pharmacists' medication knowledge and counseling, immunizations, and in-stock cognitive enhancers in 3 predominantly rural regions of the United States. METHODS: A standardized interview was administered by telephone to a 100% sample of community pharmacies in 3 areas: Northern California/Southern Oregon (n = 206), North and South Dakota (n = 278), and West Virginia (n = 420)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940539/financial-and-health-barriers-and-caregiving-related-difficulties-among-rural-and-urban-caregivers
#14
Erin D Bouldin, Lynn Shaull, Elena M Andresen, Valerie J Edwards, Lisa C McGuire
PURPOSE: To assess whether financial or health-related barriers were more common among rural caregivers and whether rural caregivers experienced more caregiving-related difficulties than their urban peers. METHODS: We used data from 7,436 respondents to the Caregiver Module in 10 states from the 2011-2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Respondents were classified as caregivers if they reported providing care to a family member or friend because of a long-term illness or disability...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921673/safety-of-back-transfer-to-local-hospitals-during-an-acute-care-hospitalization
#15
Leah F Nelson, Karisa K Harland, Dan M Shane, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Nicholas M Mohr
PURPOSE: This paper investigates patient outcomes including length of stay (LOS), cost of hospitalization, bounce-back rates, transition to hospice care, and mortality, following back-transfer. METHODS: This study was an observational case-control study of adults hospitalized in Iowa between 2005 and 2013 to identify back-transferred patients. Back-transfer was defined as the transfer of rural patients near the end of their acute hospitalization in a comprehensive medical center back to a local community hospital for the completion of their medical care...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921667/polysubstance-use-among-adolescents-in-a-low-income-rural-community-latent-classes-for-middle-and-high-school-students
#16
Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, Paul R Smokowski, Matthew O Howard, Katie L Stalker
PURPOSE: Rural communities are currently being impacted by a nationwide epidemic of prescription opioid misuse. Rural adolescent substance users may be at substantial risk for later addiction to these and other drugs. METHODS: This study uses Latent Class Analysis to identify subtypes of polysubstance users among a sample of 7,074 rural adolescents. Separate models were estimated for middle- and high-school youth. Predictive validity was estimated using cumulative ordinal logistic regression of the classes on a set of youth and family characteristics...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880420/latent-risk-subtypes-based-on-injection-and-sexual-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-rural-puerto-rico
#17
Dane Hautala, Roberto Abadie, Courtney Thrash, Juan Carlos Reyes, Kirk Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) in Puerto Rico engage in high levels of injection and sexual risk behavior, and they are at high risk for HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) infection, relative to their US counterparts. Less is known, however, about the clustering of risk behavior conducive to HIV and HCV infection among rural Puerto Rican communities. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine concurrent injection and sexual risk subtypes among a rural sample of PWID in Puerto Rico...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872699/psychosocial-correlates-of-ever-having-a-pap-test-and-abnormal-pap-results-in-a-sample-of-rural-appalachian-women
#18
Kristen P Mark, Richard A Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
BACKGROUND: Despite known prevention and screening efforts, there are higher invasive cervical cancer rates in Appalachia than in other areas of the United States and higher mortality rates in the Appalachian region of Kentucky compared to Appalachian regions of other states. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the association of psychosocial factors relevant to cervical cancer and the outcome of ever having a Pap test in a rural sample of women...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872697/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-providing-methadone-maintenance-treatment-among-rural-community-pharmacists-in-southwestern-ontario
#19
Joseph Fonseca, Andrew Chang, Feng Chang
PURPOSE: Misuse of opioids has become a public health concern across North America. Rural patients have limited access to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), an opioid addiction-treatment service that could be offered by community pharmacists. The aim of this study was to identify rural community pharmacists' perceived barriers, motivations, and solutions to offering MMT to their patients. METHODS: One-on-one, semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 community pharmacists who practice in rural southwestern Ontario...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913942/the-journal-of-rural-health-reviewers-july-2016-june-2017
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Rural Health
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