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European Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980890/correction-to-the-impact-of-parity-on-life-course-blood-pressure-trajectories-the-hunt-study-in-norway
#1
Eirin B Haug, Julie Horn, Amanda Rose Markovitz, Abigail Fraser, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Kate Tilling, Pål Richard Romundstad, Janet Wilson Rich-Edwards, Bjørn Olav Åsvold
The article was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 24 January 2018 without open access.
July 6, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974401/selenium-exposure-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Marco Vinceti, Tommaso Filippini, Kenneth J Rothman
In 2007, supplementation with the trace element selenium in a trial was unexpectedly found to be associated with an excess risk of type 2 diabetes. Given the concerns raised by these findings and the large number of recent studies on this topic, we reviewed the available literature with respect to this possible association. In this paper, we assessed the results of both experimental and nonexperimental epidemiologic studies linking selenium with type 2 diabetes incidence. Through a systematic literature search, we retrieved 50 potentially eligible nonexperimental studies and 5 randomized controlled trials published through June 11, 2018...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951923/broadening-the-scope-of-epidemiologic-dementia-research
#3
Sirwan K L Darweesh, Frank J Wolters, M Arfan Ikram, Daniel Bos, Albert Hofman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938329/what-indeed-can-be-tested-with-an-instrumental-variable
#4
Stephen Burgess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931437/a-new-era-for-dementia-epidemiology-alzheimer-s-disease-hardening-of-arteries-or-just-old-age
#5
Lewis H Kuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948371/will-biomarker-based-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-maximize-scientific-progress-evaluating-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#6
Medellena Maria Glymour, Adam Mark Brickman, Mika Kivimaki, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, Geneviève Chêne, Carole Dufouil, Jennifer Jaie Manly
A recently published framework for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in research studies would allow diagnosis on the sole basis of two biomarkers (β-amyloid and pathologic tau), even in people with no objective or subjective memory or cognitive changes. This revision will have substantial implications for future Alzheimer's research, and the changes should be rigorously evaluated before widespread adoption. We propose three principles for evaluating any revision to diagnostic frameworks for AD: (1) does the revision improve the validity of the diagnosis; (2) does the revision improve the reliability or reduce the expense of the diagnosis; and (3) will the revision foster innovative and rigorous research across populations...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948370/direct-comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-between-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-for-stroke-prevention-in-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
Guowei Li, Gregory Y H Lip, Anne Holbrook, Yaping Chang, Torben B Larsen, Xin Sun, Jie Tang, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Daniel M Witt, Mark Crowther, Lehana Thabane, Mitchell A H Levine
The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been increasingly prescribed in clinical practice for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Direct comparisons between NOACs in trials are lacking, leaving an important clinical decision-making gap. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the evidence of observational studies for direct comparative effectiveness and safety amongst NOACs in patients with AF. Conference proceedings and electronic databases including MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and PUBMED were systematically searched...
June 8, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948369/plant-versus-animal-based-diets-and-insulin-resistance-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-the-rotterdam-study
#8
Zhangling Chen, Maria Geertruida Zuurmond, Niels van der Schaft, Jana Nano, Hanneke Anna Hendrikje Wijnhoven, Mohammad Arfan Ikram, Oscar Horacio Franco, Trudy Voortman
Vegan or vegetarian diets have been suggested to reduce type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. However, not much is known on whether variation in the degree of having a plant-based versus animal-based diet may be beneficial for prevention of T2D. We aimed to investigate whether level of adherence to a diet high in plant-based foods and low in animal-based foods is associated with insulin resistance, prediabetes, and T2D. Our analysis included 6798 participants (62.7 ± 7.8 years) from the Rotterdam Study (RS), a prospective population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
June 8, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881957/overcoming-misled-design-and-interpretation-of-randomised-trials
#9
Tobias Niedermaier, Korbinian Weigl, Hermann Brenner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846866/tailoring-the-message-with-selective-reporting
#10
LETTER
Magnus Løberg, Mette Kalager, Geir Hoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808341/conditional-power-as-an-aid-in-making-interim-decisions-in-observational-studies
#11
Alexander Muir Walker
Conditional power combines the findings of a partially completed study with assumptions about the future. The goal is to estimate the probability that the eventual study result will be incompatible with a criterion value, such as acceptable risk or the null hypothesis. Some history and motivation for conditional power calculations are provided, with examples illustrating the application to drug safety studies. This is an expository article suggesting that conditional power, which is well-established in clinical trials research, also has application to observational studies...
May 28, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779204/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-cardiovascular-health
#12
Nienke E Bergen, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Jolien Roos-Hesselink, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep, Vincent V W Jaddoe, Eric A P Steegers
To examine associations between hypertensive pregnancy disorders and maternal cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life. We examined the associations between blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy, gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia (PE) with cardiovascular measurements 6 years after index pregnancy among 4912 women participating in the Generation R Study, the Netherlands. BP, left ventricular mass (LV mass), aortic root diameter (AOD), left atrial diameter, fractional shortening, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779203/subjective-social-status-and-mortality-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#13
Panayotes Demakakos, Jane P Biddulph, Cesar de Oliveira, Georgios Tsakos, Michael G Marmot
Self-perceptions of own social position are potentially a key aspect of socioeconomic inequalities in health, but their association with mortality remains poorly understood. We examined whether subjective social status (SSS), a measure of the self-perceived element of social position, was associated with mortality and its role in the associations between objective socioeconomic position (SEP) measures and mortality. We used Cox regression to model the associations between SSS, objective SEP measures and mortality in a sample of 9972 people aged ≥ 50 years from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing over a 10-year follow-up (2002-2013)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779202/tumour-stage-and-gender-predict-recurrence-and-second-primary-malignancies-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multicentre-study-within-the-inhance-consortium
#14
Emanuele Leoncini, Vladimir Vukovic, Gabriella Cadoni, Luca Giraldi, Roberta Pastorino, Dario Arzani, Livia Petrelli, Victor Wünsch-Filho, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Raquel Ayub Moyses, Keitaro Matsuo, Cristina Bosetti, Carlo La Vecchia, Diego Serraino, Lorenzo Simonato, Franco Merletti, Paolo Boffetta, Mia Hashibe, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Stefania Boccia
Recurrence and second primary cancer (SPC) continue to represent major obstacles to long-term survival in head and neck cancer (HNC). Our aim was to evaluate whether established demographics, lifestyle-related risk factors for HNC and clinical data are associated with recurrence and SPC in HNC. We conducted a multicentre study by using data from five studies members of the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology consortium-Milan, Rome, Western Europe, Sao Paulo, and Japan, totalling 4005 HNC cases with a median age of 59 (interquartile range 52-67)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766438/sexual-orientation-differences-in-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-and-antidepressant-usage-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-of-siblings
#15
Richard Bränström, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Petter Tinghög, John E Pachankis
In the past two decades, population-based health surveys have begun including measures of sexual orientation, permitting estimates of sexual orientation disparities in psychiatric morbidity and differences in treatment utilization. The present study takes advantage of the high-quality, comprehensive nationwide health registry data available in Sweden to examine whether psychiatric outpatient treatment for various diagnoses and antidepressant medication usage are greater in sexual minority individuals compared to their siblings...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766437/serum-phosphate-levels-are-related-to-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-copd-mortality-in-men
#16
Natalia Campos-Obando, Lies Lahousse, Guy Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, André G Uitterlinden, M Carola Zillikens
Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with increased mortality in chronic kidney disease but the nature of such a relation in the general population is unclear. To investigate the association between phosphate (P) levels and all-cause and cause-specific mortality, we assessed two cohorts from the Rotterdam Study, with follow-up of 14.5 (RS-I) and 10.9 (RS-II) years until January 2012 with availability of fasting phosphate levels. Deaths were classified according to International Classification of Diseases into 7 groups: cardiovascular, cancer, infections, external, dementia, chronic lung diseases and other causes...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761424/dietary-intake-of-total-polyphenol-and-polyphenol-classes-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-cohort
#17
Raul Zamora-Ros, Valerie Cayssials, Mazda Jenab, Joseph A Rothwell, Veronika Fedirko, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Anne Tjønneland, Cecilie Kyrø, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Franck Carbonnel, Yahya Mahamat-Saleh, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elissavet Valanou, Effie Vasilopoulou, Giovanna Masala, Valeria Pala, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Elisabete Weiderpass, Marko Lukic, Torkjel M Sandanger, Cristina Lasheras, Antonio Agudo, Maria-Jose Sánchez, Pilar Amiano, Carmen Navarro, Eva Ardanaz, Emily Sonestedt, Bodil Ohlsson, Lena Maria Nilsson, Martin Rutegård, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Kay-Thee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Kathryn Bradbury, Heinz Freisling, Isabelle Romieu, Amanda J Cross, Paolo Vineis, Augustin Scalbert
Polyphenols may play a chemopreventive role in colorectal cancer (CRC); however, epidemiological evidence supporting a role for intake of individual polyphenol classes, other than flavonoids is insufficient. We evaluated the association between dietary intakes of total and individual classes and subclasses of polyphenols and CRC risk and its main subsites, colon and rectum, within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. The cohort included 476,160 men and women from 10 European countries...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761423/advanced-parental-age-as-risk-factor-for-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-results-from-studies-of-the-childhood-leukemia-international-consortium
#18
Eleni Th Petridou, Marios K Georgakis, Friederike Erdmann, Xiaomei Ma, Julia E Heck, Anssi Auvinen, Beth A Mueller, Logan G Spector, Eve Roman, Catherine Metayer, Corrado Magnani, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Sameera Ezzat, Michael E Scheurer, Ana Maria Mora, John D Dockerty, Johnni Hansen, Alice Y Kang, Rong Wang, David R Doody, Eleanor Kane, Waffa M Rashed, Nick Dessypris, Joachim Schüz, Claire Infante-Rivard, Alkistis Skalkidou
Advanced parental age has been associated with adverse health effects in the offspring including childhood (0-14 years) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), as reported in our meta-analysis of published studies. We aimed to further explore the association using primary data from 16 studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. Data were contributed by 11 case-control (CC) studies (7919 cases and 12,942 controls recruited via interviews) and five nested case-control (NCC) studies (8801 cases and 29,690 controls identified through record linkage of population-based health registries) with variable enrollment periods (1968-2015)...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754214/statistical-analysis-and-decision-making-in-cancer-screening
#19
Dik Habbema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752577/flexible-sigmoidoscopy-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-implications-of-different-colonoscopy-referral-strategies
#20
Tobias Niedermaier, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
Flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening reduces colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. Its potential to detect proximal neoplasms depends on colonoscopy referral. We estimated diagnostic performance of sigmoidoscopy using 12 different referral criteria in detecting colorectal cancer and advanced adenomas. Colonoscopy results from 14,947 participants of screening colonoscopy in Germany were used to derive sensitivity of sigmoidoscopy for colorectal cancer, advanced adenomas (AAs), and any advanced neoplasms in the proximal colon...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
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