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European Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779204/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-cardiovascular-health
#1
Nienke E Bergen, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Jolien Roos-Hesselink, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep, Vincent V W Jaddoe, Eric A P Steegers
To examine associations between hypertensive pregnancy disorders and maternal cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life. We examined the associations between blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy, gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia (PE) with cardiovascular measurements 6 years after index pregnancy among 4912 women participating in the Generation R Study, the Netherlands. BP, left ventricular mass (LV mass), aortic root diameter (AOD), left atrial diameter, fractional shortening, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779203/subjective-social-status-and-mortality-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#2
Panayotes Demakakos, Jane P Biddulph, Cesar de Oliveira, Georgios Tsakos, Michael G Marmot
Self-perceptions of own social position are potentially a key aspect of socioeconomic inequalities in health, but their association with mortality remains poorly understood. We examined whether subjective social status (SSS), a measure of the self-perceived element of social position, was associated with mortality and its role in the associations between objective socioeconomic position (SEP) measures and mortality. We used Cox regression to model the associations between SSS, objective SEP measures and mortality in a sample of 9972 people aged ≥ 50 years from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing over a 10-year follow-up (2002-2013)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779202/tumour-stage-and-gender-predict-recurrence-and-second-primary-malignancies-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multicentre-study-within-the-inhance-consortium
#3
Emanuele Leoncini, Vladimir Vukovic, Gabriella Cadoni, Luca Giraldi, Roberta Pastorino, Dario Arzani, Livia Petrelli, Victor Wünsch-Filho, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Raquel Ayub Moyses, Keitaro Matsuo, Cristina Bosetti, Carlo La Vecchia, Diego Serraino, Lorenzo Simonato, Franco Merletti, Paolo Boffetta, Mia Hashibe, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Stefania Boccia
Recurrence and second primary cancer (SPC) continue to represent major obstacles to long-term survival in head and neck cancer (HNC). Our aim was to evaluate whether established demographics, lifestyle-related risk factors for HNC and clinical data are associated with recurrence and SPC in HNC. We conducted a multicentre study by using data from five studies members of the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology consortium-Milan, Rome, Western Europe, Sao Paulo, and Japan, totalling 4005 HNC cases with a median age of 59 (interquartile range 52-67)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766438/sexual-orientation-differences-in-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-and-antidepressant-usage-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-of-siblings
#4
Richard Bränström, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Petter Tinghög, John E Pachankis
In the past two decades, population-based health surveys have begun including measures of sexual orientation, permitting estimates of sexual orientation disparities in psychiatric morbidity and differences in treatment utilization. The present study takes advantage of the high-quality, comprehensive nationwide health registry data available in Sweden to examine whether psychiatric outpatient treatment for various diagnoses and antidepressant medication usage are greater in sexual minority individuals compared to their siblings...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766437/serum-phosphate-levels-are-related-to-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-copd-mortality-in-men
#5
Natalia Campos-Obando, Lies Lahousse, Guy Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, André G Uitterlinden, M Carola Zillikens
Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with increased mortality in chronic kidney disease but the nature of such a relation in the general population is unclear. To investigate the association between phosphate (P) levels and all-cause and cause-specific mortality, we assessed two cohorts from the Rotterdam Study, with follow-up of 14.5 (RS-I) and 10.9 (RS-II) years until January 2012 with availability of fasting phosphate levels. Deaths were classified according to International Classification of Diseases into 7 groups: cardiovascular, cancer, infections, external, dementia, chronic lung diseases and other causes...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761424/dietary-intake-of-total-polyphenol-and-polyphenol-classes-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-cohort
#6
Raul Zamora-Ros, Valerie Cayssials, Mazda Jenab, Joseph A Rothwell, Veronika Fedirko, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Anne Tjønneland, Cecilie Kyrø, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Franck Carbonnel, Yahya Mahamat-Saleh, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elissavet Valanou, Effie Vasilopoulou, Giovanna Masala, Valeria Pala, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Elisabete Weiderpass, Marko Lukic, Torkjel M Sandanger, Cristina Lasheras, Antonio Agudo, Maria-Jose Sánchez, Pilar Amiano, Carmen Navarro, Eva Ardanaz, Emily Sonestedt, Bodil Ohlsson, Lena Maria Nilsson, Martin Rutegård, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Kay-Thee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Kathryn Bradbury, Heinz Freisling, Isabelle Romieu, Amanda J Cross, Paolo Vineis, Augustin Scalbert
Polyphenols may play a chemopreventive role in colorectal cancer (CRC); however, epidemiological evidence supporting a role for intake of individual polyphenol classes, other than flavonoids is insufficient. We evaluated the association between dietary intakes of total and individual classes and subclasses of polyphenols and CRC risk and its main subsites, colon and rectum, within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. The cohort included 476,160 men and women from 10 European countries...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761423/advanced-parental-age-as-risk-factor-for-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-results-from-studies-of-the-childhood-leukemia-international-consortium
#7
Eleni Th Petridou, Marios K Georgakis, Friederike Erdmann, Xiaomei Ma, Julia E Heck, Anssi Auvinen, Beth A Mueller, Logan G Spector, Eve Roman, Catherine Metayer, Corrado Magnani, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Sameera Ezzat, Michael E Scheurer, Ana Maria Mora, John D Dockerty, Johnni Hansen, Alice Y Kang, Rong Wang, David R Doody, Eleanor Kane, Waffa M Rashed, Nick Dessypris, Joachim Schüz, Claire Infante-Rivard, Alkistis Skalkidou
Advanced parental age has been associated with adverse health effects in the offspring including childhood (0-14 years) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), as reported in our meta-analysis of published studies. We aimed to further explore the association using primary data from 16 studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. Data were contributed by 11 case-control (CC) studies (7919 cases and 12,942 controls recruited via interviews) and five nested case-control (NCC) studies (8801 cases and 29,690 controls identified through record linkage of population-based health registries) with variable enrollment periods (1968-2015)...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754214/statistical-analysis-and-decision-making-in-cancer-screening
#8
Dik Habbema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752577/flexible-sigmoidoscopy-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-implications-of-different-colonoscopy-referral-strategies
#9
Tobias Niedermaier, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
Flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening reduces colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. Its potential to detect proximal neoplasms depends on colonoscopy referral. We estimated diagnostic performance of sigmoidoscopy using 12 different referral criteria in detecting colorectal cancer and advanced adenomas. Colonoscopy results from 14,947 participants of screening colonoscopy in Germany were used to derive sensitivity of sigmoidoscopy for colorectal cancer, advanced adenomas (AAs), and any advanced neoplasms in the proximal colon...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744711/you-are-smarter-than-you-think-super-machine-learning-in-context
#10
Alexander P Keil, Jessie K Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740780/external-validation-of-four-dementia-prediction-models-for-use-in-the-general-community-dwelling-population-a-comparative-analysis-from-the-rotterdam-study
#11
Silvan Licher, Pınar Yilmaz, Maarten J G Leening, Frank J Wolters, Meike W Vernooij, Blossom C M Stephan, M Kamran Ikram, M Arfan Ikram
To systematically review the literature for dementia prediction models for use in the general population and externally validate their performance in a head-to-head comparison. We selected four prediction models for validation: CAIDE, BDSI, ANU-ADRI and DRS. From the Rotterdam Study, 6667 non-demented individuals aged 55 years and older were assessed between 1997 and 2001. Subsequently, participants were followed for dementia until 1 January, 2015. For each individual, we computed the risk of dementia using the reported scores from each prediction model...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730746/association-of-parkinson-s-disease-with-industry-sectors-a-french-nationwide-incidence-study
#12
Tim Vlaar, Sofiane Kab, Yannick Schwaab, Nadine Fréry, Alexis Elbaz, Frédéric Moisan
In order to identify working environments at risk for Parkinson's disease (PD), we investigated the relation between the importance of industry sectors, used as a surrogate for occupational exposures, and PD incidence in French cantons. The number of incident PD cases (2010-2014) in 3689 cantons of metropolitan France was determined using drug claims from French National Health Insurance databases. The proportions of workers in 38 industry sectors in 2006 were calculated for each canton. Associations between the proportions of workers in industry sectors and PD age/sex-standardized incidence ratios were examined using incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) estimated with multilevel negative binomial regressions with a random intercept at the canton-level and adjusted for smoking, deprivation index, and density of neurologists...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730745/the-heart-of-the-matter-years-saved-from-cardiovascular-and-cancer-deaths-in-an-elite-athlete-cohort-with-over-a-century-of-follow-up
#13
Juliana Antero-Jacquemin, Maja Pohar-Perme, Grégoire Rey, Jean-François Toussaint, Aurélien Latouche
To quantify the years of life saved from cardiovascular (CVD), cancer and overall deaths among elite athletes according to their main type of physiological effort performed in the Olympic Games. All French athletes participating in the Games from 1912 to 2012, with vital status validated and cause of death (if concerned) identified by the national registries were included (n = 2814, 455 died) and classified according to 6 groups of effort: POWER (continuous effort < 45 s); INTERMEDIATE (45 s ≤ continuous effort < 600 s); ENDURANCE (continuous effort ≥ 600 s); POLYVALENT (participating in different events entering different classifications), INTERMITTENT (intermittent effort, i...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721747/causal-null-hypotheses-of-sustained-treatment-strategies-what-can-be-tested-with-an-instrumental-variable
#14
Sonja A Swanson, Jeremy Labrecque, Miguel A Hernán
Sometimes instrumental variable methods are used to test whether a causal effect is null rather than to estimate the magnitude of a causal effect. However, when instrumental variable methods are applied to time-varying exposures, as in many Mendelian randomization studies, it is unclear what causal null hypothesis is tested. Here, we consider different versions of causal null hypotheses for time-varying exposures, show that the instrumental variable conditions alone are insufficient to test some of them, and describe additional assumptions that can be made to test a wider range of causal null hypotheses, including both sharp and average causal null hypotheses...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691706/low-concentrations-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-long-term-prognosis-of-copd-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Gitte Færk, Yunus Çolak, Shoaib Afzal, Børge G Nordestgaard
Role and importance of vitamin D deficiency in long-term prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) still remains undetermined. We tested the hypothesis that among individuals with COPD, those with low concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D have a poorer prognosis compared to those with normal concentrations. We studied 35,153 individuals from the general population aged 20-100 years with 25-hydroxyvitamin D measurements and spirometry, the Copenhagen City Heart Study [median follow-up 21 years (range 13 days-36 years)] and the Copenhagen General Population Study [7...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687175/age-specific-als-incidence-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#16
Benoît Marin, Andrea Fontana, Simona Arcuti, Massimilano Copetti, Farid Boumédiene, Philippe Couratier, Ettore Beghi, Pierre Marie Preux, Giancarlo Logroscino
To evaluate the association between worldwide ALS incidence rates and age, using a dose-response meta-analysis. We reviewed Medline and Embase up to July 2016 and included all population-based studies of newly-diagnosed cases, using multiple sources for case ascertainment. A dose-response meta-analysis was performed. A meta-regression investigated potential sources of heterogeneity. Of 3254 articles identified in the literature, we included 41 incidence studies covering 42 geographical areas. Overall, the fit between observed and predicted age-specific rates was very good...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680998/challenges-to-studying-population-effects-of-medical-treatments
#17
David B Richardson, Alexander P Keil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680997/how-accurately-is-euthanasia-reported-on-death-certificates-in-a-country-with-legal-euthanasia-a-population-based-study
#18
LETTER
Joachim Cohen, Sigrid Dierickx, Yolanda W H Penders, Luc Deliens, Kenneth Chambaere
BACKGROUND: Death certificates are the main source of information on the incidence of the direct and underlying causes of death, but may be unsuitable for monitoring the practice of medical assistance in dying, e.g. euthanasia, due to possible underreporting. This study examines the accuracy of certification of euthanasia. METHODS: Mortality follow-back survey using a random sample of death certificates (N = 6871). For all cases identified as euthanasia we checked whether euthanasia was reported as a cause of death on the death certificate...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680996/from-john-snow-to-omics-the-long-journey-of-environmental-epidemiology
#19
Paolo Vineis
A major difference between infectious and non-communicable diseases is that infectious diseases typically have unique necessary causes whereas noncommunicable diseases have multiple causes which by themselves are usually neither necessary nor sufficient. Epidemiology seems to have reached a limit in disentangling the role of single components in causal complexes, particularly at low doses. To overcome limitations the discipline can take advantage of technical developments including the science of the exposome...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680995/body-mass-index-abdominal-fatness-weight-gain-and-the-risk-of-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#20
REVIEW
Dagfinn Aune, Ingrid Snekvik, Sabrina Schlesinger, Teresa Norat, Elio Riboli, Lars J Vatten
Greater body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased risk of psoriasis in case-control and cross-sectional studies, however, the evidence from prospective studies has been limited. We conducted a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of different adiposity measures and the risk of psoriasis to provide a more robust summary of the evidence based on data from prospective studies. PubMed and Embase databases were searched for relevant studies up to August 8th 2017. Summary relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a random effects model...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
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