journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European Journal of Epidemiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236195/measures-of-subclinical-cardiac-dysfunction-and-increased-filling-pressures-associate-with-pulmonary-arterial-pressure-in-the-general-population-results-from-the-population-based-rotterdam-study
#1
Ryan J Billar, Maarten J G Leening, Daphne Merkus, Guy G O Brusselle, Albert Hofman, Bruno H Ch Stricker, H Ardeschir Ghofrani, Oscar H Franco, Henning Gall, Janine F Felix
Pulmonary hypertension is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in the elderly population. Heart failure is a common cause of pulmonary hypertension. Yet, the relation between left heart parameters reflective of subclinical cardiac dysfunction and increased filling pressures, and pulmonary arterial pressures in the elderly population remains elusive. Within the population-based Rotterdam Study, 2592 unselected participants with a mean age of 72.6 years (61.4% women) had complete echocardiography data available...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234968/a-cross-national-analysis-of-the-association-between-years-of-implementation-of-opioid-substitution-treatments-and-drug-related-deaths-in-europe-from-1995-to-2013
#2
Phillip L Marotta, Charlotte A McCullagh
Data at the individual-level provide evidence that opioid substitution treatment (OST) programs protect against mortality for opioid dependent populations. Prior research has not examined the merits of national implementation of opioid substitution programs for reducing mortality at the country-level. This study elucidates longitudinal associations between country-level implementation of opioid substitution treatment programs on mortality rates of drug related deaths (DRD) from 1995 to 2013 in 30 European nations...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214413/new-cancer-cases-in-france-in-2015-attributable-to-infectious-agents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Kevin David Shield, Claire Marant Micallef, Catherine de Martel, Isabelle Heard, Francis Megraud, Martyn Plummer, Jérôme Vignat, Freddie Bray, Isabelle Soerjomataram
To provide an assessment of the burden of cancer in France in 2015 attributable to infectious agents. A systematic literature review in French representative cancer cases series was undertaken of the prevalence of infectious agents with the major associated cancer types. PubMed was searched for original studies published up to September 2016; random-effects meta-analyses were performed. Cancer incidence data were obtained from the French Cancer Registries Network, thereby allowing the calculation of national incidence estimates...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214412/gestational-age-at-birth-and-risk-of-intellectual-disability-without-a-common-genetic-cause
#4
Hein Heuvelman, Kathryn Abel, Susanne Wicks, Renee Gardner, Edward Johnstone, Brian Lee, Cecilia Magnusson, Christina Dalman, Dheeraj Rai
Preterm birth is linked to intellectual disability and there is evidence to suggest post-term birth may also incur risk. However, these associations have not yet been investigated in the absence of common genetic causes of intellectual disability, where risk associated with late delivery may be preventable. We therefore aimed to examine risk of intellectual disability without a common genetic cause across the entire range of gestation, using a matched-sibling design to account for unmeasured confounding by shared familial factors...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209939/disaggregating-the-mortality-reductions-due-to-cancer-screening-model-based-estimates-from-population-based-data
#5
James Anthony Hanley, Sisse Helle Njor
The mortality impact in cancer screening trials and population programs is usually expressed as a single hazard ratio or percentage reduction. This measure ignores the number/spacing of rounds of screening, and the location in follow-up time of the averted deaths vis-a-vis the first and last screens. If screening works as intended, hazard ratios are a strong function of the two Lexis time-dimensions. We show how the number and timing of the rounds of screening can be included in a model that specifies what each round of screening accomplishes...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209938/sauna-bathing-and-systemic-inflammation
#6
LETTER
Jari A Laukkanen, Tanjaniina Laukkanen
We aimed to investigate whether frequency of sauna bathing is associated with the levels of serum C-reactive protein. C-reactive protein is a leading blood marker of systemic inflammation. The study consisted of 2084 men (42-60 years) without acute or chronic inflammation. A total of 533 (25.6%), 1368 (65.6%), and 183 (8.8%) participants reported having a sauna bath once a week, 2-3 times, and 4-7 times per week; mean serum C-reactive protein levels were 2.41 (standard deviation 2.91), 2.00 (2.41), 1.65 (1...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204903/selection-of-reference-groups-in-the-life-span-study-of-atomic-bomb-survivors
#7
Benjamin French, John Cologne, Ritsu Sakata, Mai Utada, Dale L Preston
In cohort studies, unbiased estimation of exposure-outcome associations requires selection of an appropriate reference group of unexposed individuals. We illustrate strategies for analyzing cohort data with multiple potential reference groups. We analyzed the association between radiation exposure and incidence of first primary solid cancer among 105,444 participants of the Life Span Study (Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, 1958-2009). Potential reference groups included zero-dose survivors at different ground distances from the hypocenter (internal) and city residents who were not in either city at the time of the bombings (external)...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204902/diet-and-risk-of-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Courtney Dow, Francesca Mancini, Kalina Rajaobelina, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Beverley Balkau, Fabrice Bonnet, Guy Fagherazzi
Diabetic retinopathy is a microvascular complication of diabetes that threatens all individuals with diabetes, leading to vision loss or blindness if left untreated. It is frequently associated with diabetic macular edema, which can occur at any point during the development of diabetic retinopathy. The key factors known to lead to its development include hyperglycemia, hypertension, and the duration of diabetes. Though the diet is important in the development of diabetes, its role in diabetic retinopathy has not been clearly identified...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189998/a-note-of-thanks
#9
EDITORIAL
Albert Hofman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185125/measuring-childhood-cancer-late-effects-evidence-of-a-healthy-survivor-effect
#10
Peter Haubjerg Asdahl, Rohit Priyadarshi Ojha, Jeanette Falck Winther, Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Sofie de Fine Licht, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Klaus Kaae Andersen, Henrik Hasle
INTRODUCTION: Given considerable focus on health outcomes among childhood cancer survivors, we aimed to explore whether survivor bias is apparent during long-term follow-up of childhood cancer survivors. METHODS: We identified all 1-year survivors of cancer diagnosed before 20 years of age in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden. From the general population, we randomly sampled a comparison cohort. Study individuals were followed for hospitalizations for diseases of the gastroenterological tract, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, or urinary tract from the start of the cancer registries to 2010...
November 28, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181692/serum-metabolites-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-and-ischemic-stroke-a-targeted-metabolomic-approach-in-two-german-prospective-cohorts
#11
Anna Floegel, Tilman Kühn, Disorn Sookthai, Theron Johnson, Cornelia Prehn, Ulrike Rolle-Kampczyk, Wolfgang Otto, Cornelia Weikert, Thomas Illig, Martin von Bergen, Jerzy Adamski, Heiner Boeing, Rudolf Kaaks, Tobias Pischon
Metabolomic approaches in prospective cohorts may offer a unique snapshot into early metabolic perturbations that are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in healthy people. We investigated the association of 105 serum metabolites, including acylcarnitines, amino acids, phospholipids and hexose, with risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam (27,548 adults) and Heidelberg (25,540 adults) cohorts...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147949/physical-activity-across-adulthood-and-subjective-cognitive-function-in-older-men
#12
Elinor Fondell, Mary Kay Townsend, Leslie Diane Unger, Olivia Ifeoma Okereke, Francine Grodstein, Alberto Ascherio, Walter Churchill Willett
Low subjective cognitive function (SCF), which is associated with APOE4 genotype, adversely impacts quality of life and has predicted clinical dementia. We examined whether physical activity during early adulthood or mid-to-late life is associated with late-life SCF. We followed 28,481 US male health professionals aged 40-75 years who reported their physical activity in 1986 and biennially thereafter. SCF was reported in 2008 and 2012. The SCF score was averaged for the 2008 and 2012 assessments and categorized as "good", "moderate", and "poor"...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147948/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-subjective-cognitive-function-in-men
#13
Ambika Bhushan, Elinor Fondell, Alberto Ascherio, Changzheng Yuan, Francine Grodstein, Walter Willett
Benefits of a Mediterranean diet for cognition have been suggested, but epidemiologic studies have been relatively small and of limited duration. To prospectively assess the association between long-term adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern and self-reported subjective cognitive function (SCF). Prospective observational study. The Health Professionals' Follow-up Study, a prospective cohort of 51,529 men, 40-75 years of age when enrolled in 1986, of whom 27,842 were included in the primary analysis...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101596/case-control-matching-effects-misconceptions-and-recommendations
#14
Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Nicholas Patrick Jewell, Sander Greenland
Misconceptions about the impact of case-control matching remain common. We discuss several subtle problems associated with matched case-control studies that do not arise or are minor in matched cohort studies: (1) matching, even for non-confounders, can create selection bias; (2) matching distorts dose-response relations between matching variables and the outcome; (3) unbiased estimation requires accounting for the actual matching protocol as well as for any residual confounding effects; (4) for efficiency, identically matched groups should be collapsed; (5) matching may harm precision and power; (6) matched analyses may suffer from sparse-data bias, even when using basic sparse-data methods...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086099/horizontal-mixture-model-for-competing-risks-a-method-used-in-waitlisted-renal-transplant-candidates
#15
Katy Trébern-Launay, Michèle Kessler, Sahar Bayat-Makoei, Anne-Hélène Quérard, Serge Briançon, Magali Giral, Yohann Foucher
When a patient is registered on renal transplant waiting list, she/he expects a clear information on the likelihood of being transplanted. Nevertheless, this event is in competition with death and usual models for competing events are difficult to interpret for non-specialists. We used a horizontal mixture model. Data were extracted from two French dialysis and transplantation registries. The "Ile-de-France" region was used for external validation. The other patients were randomly divided for training and internal validation...
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080012/associations-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-with-incidence-of-lung-cancer-and-histologic-types-in-norwegian-adults-a-case-cohort-analysis-of-the-hunt-study
#16
Yi-Qian Sun, Arnulf Langhammer, Chunsen Wu, Frank Skorpen, Yue Chen, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Pål Richard Romundstad, Xiao-Mei Mai
Previous prospective studies have shown inconsistent associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and lung cancer incidence. The aim of the present study was to explore the associations of serum 25(OH)D levels with incidence of lung cancer overall and different histologic types. We performed a population-based prospective case-cohort study including 696 incident lung cancer cases and 5804 individuals in a subcohort who participated in the second survey of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study in Norway...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071500/temporal-association-patterns-and-dynamics-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-and-tau-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Alison K Ower, Christoforos Hadjichrysanthou, Luuk Gras, Jaap Goudsmit, Roy M Anderson, Frank de Wolf
The elusive relationship between underlying pathology and clinical disease hampers diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and preventative intervention development. We seek to understand the relationship between two classical AD biomarkers, amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ1-42) and total-tau (t-tau), and define their trajectories across disease development, as defined by disease onset at diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Using longitudinal data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), we performed a correlation analysis of biomarkers CSF Aβ1-42 and t-tau, and longitudinal quantile analysis...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071499/lactase-persistence-milk-intake-and-mortality-in-the-danish-general-population-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#18
Helle Kirstine Mørup Bergholdt, Børge Grønne Nordestgaard, Anette Varbo, Christina Ellervik
Meta-analyses have suggested no association between milk intake and mortality. Since only few studies have been conducted, we investigated the association between the lactase persistent genetic variant LCT-13910 C/T (rs4988235), a proxy for long-term low and high intake of milk, and mortality. We used two Danish population-based studies with self-reported intake of milk and genotyping for LCT-13910 C/T. We obtained information on all-cause and cause-specific mortality (cardiovascular and cancer) from the national Danish registries...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064008/paediatric-population-neuroimaging-and-the-generation-r-study-the-second-wave
#19
Tonya White, Ryan L Muetzel, Hanan El Marroun, Laura M E Blanken, Philip Jansen, Koen Bolhuis, Desana Kocevska, Sabine E Mous, Rosa Mulder, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Aad van der Lugt, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
Paediatric population neuroimaging is an emerging field that falls at the intersection between developmental neuroscience and epidemiology. A key feature of population neuroimaging studies involves large-scale recruitment that is representative of the general population. One successful approach for population neuroimaging is to embed neuroimaging studies within large epidemiological cohorts. The Generation R Study is a large, prospective population-based birth-cohort in which nearly 10,000 pregnant mothers were recruited between 2002 and 2006 with repeated measurements in the children and their parents over time...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940092/physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Essi Hantikainen, Karl Michaëlsson, Weimin Ye, Hans-Olov Adami, Rino Bellocco
Physical activity has been inversely associated with the risk of hip fracture, however, few studies have been conducted on the contributions from different domains of physical activity. This study was performed to investigate the association between daily household activities, leisure time physical activity, work-related physical activity and total physical activity during a 24-h period, and the risk of hip fracture. In the Swedish National March Cohort we followed 23,881 men and women aged of 50 and over from 1997 until 2010...
September 22, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
journal
journal
29104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"