journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European Journal of Epidemiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718029/serum-c-reactive-protein-increases-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-a-prospective-study-and-meta-analysis-of-published-prospective-evidence
#1
Setor K Kunutsor, Samuel Seidu, Ashley W Blom, Kamlesh Khunti, Jari A Laukkanen
Evolving debate suggests that C-reactive protein (CRP) might be associated with the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE); however, the evidence is conflicting. We aimed to assess the prospective association of CRP with VTE risk. C-reactive protein was measured in serum samples at baseline from 2420 men aged 42-61 years, from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease study. Within-person variability in CRP levels was corrected for using repeat measurements of CRP taken 11 years after baseline. Incident VTE events (n = 119) were recorded during a median follow-up of 24...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710542/a-possible-dual-effect-of-cigarette-smoking-on-the-risk-of-postmenopausal-breast-cancer
#2
Piet A van den Brandt
Smoking seems modestly associated with breast cancer, but the potential dual effect of smoking (with opposing properties: carcinogenic vs anti-estrogenic) is understudied. The relationship between smoking before and after menopause and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer was investigated in the Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS). In the NLCS, 62,573 women aged 55-69 years provided information on smoking, dietary and other lifestyle habits in 1986. Follow-up for cancer incidence until 2007 (20.3 years) consisted of record linkages with the Netherlands Cancer Registry and the Dutch Pathology Registry PALGA...
July 14, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702880/atrial-fibrillation-in-immigrant-groups-a-cohort-study-of-all-adults-45%C3%A2-years-of-age-and-older-in-sweden
#3
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Xinjun Li, Danijela Gasevic, Johan Ärnlöv, Martin J Holzmann, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
To study the association between country of birth and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in several immigrant groups in Sweden. The study population included all adults (n = 3,226,752) aged 45 years and older in Sweden. AF was defined as having at least one registered diagnosis of AF in the National Patient Register. The incidence of AF in different immigrant groups, using Swedish-born as referents, was assessed by Cox regression, expressed in hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). All models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, geographical residence in Sweden, educational level, marital status, and neighbourhood socioeconomic status...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698923/sequence-symmetry-analysis-in-pharmacovigilance-and-pharmacoepidemiologic-studies
#4
REVIEW
Edward Chia-Cheng Lai, Nicole Pratt, Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Swu-Jane Lin, Anton Pottegård, Elizabeth E Roughead, Yea-Huei Kao Yang, Jesper Hallas
Sequence symmetry analysis (SSA) is a method for detecting adverse drug events by utilizing computerized claims data. The method has been increasingly used to investigate safety concerns of medications and as a pharmacovigilance tool to identify unsuspected side effects. Validation studies have indicated that SSA has moderate sensitivity and high specificity and has robust performance. In this review we present the conceptual framework of SSA and discuss advantages and potential pitfalls of the method in practice...
July 11, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688065/airway-obstruction-and-the-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-and-death-from-coronary-heart-disease-a-national-health-examination-survey-with-a-33-year-follow-up-period
#5
Tiina Mattila, Tuula Vasankari, Harri Rissanen, Paul Knekt, Pauli Puukka, Markku Heliövaara
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been associated with coronary mortality. Yet, data about the association between COPD and acute myocardial infarction (MI) remain scarce. We aimed to study airway obstruction as a predictor of MI and coronary mortality among 5576 Finnish adults who participated in a national health examination survey between 1978 and 1980. Subjects underwent spirometry, had all necessary data, showed no indications of cardiovascular disease at baseline, and were followed up through record linkage with national registers through 2011...
July 7, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688064/the-death-toll-of-french-former-prisoners
#6
LETTER
Aline Désesquelles, Annie Kensey
Several studies have documented that ex-prisoners are at higher risk of death than the general population but only one study, concerning one single prison, has examined the French case. This study relies on a nationally representative sample of all inmates released from French prisons between June and December 2002. A linkage between two administrative databases makes it possible to study mortality within 5 years after release. The magnitude of ex-prisoners' excess mortality is similar to that observed in other studies...
July 7, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667447/the-association-between-leisure-time-physical-activity-low-hdl-cholesterol-and-mortality-in-a-pooled-analysis-of-nine-population-based-cohorts
#7
Gary O'Donovan, David Stensel, Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis
The objective of this study was to investigate associations between leisure-time physical activity, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and mortality. Self-reported leisure-time physical activity, HDL-C concentration, and mortality were assessed in 37,059 adults in Health Survey for England and Scottish Health Survey. Meeting physical activity guidelines was defined as ≥150 min wk(-1) of moderate-intensity activity, ≥75 min wk(-1) of vigorous-intensity activity, or equivalent combinations...
June 30, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667446/diagnostic-performance-of-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-combined-with-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-meta-analysis-and-modeling
#8
Tobias Niedermaier, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
Once-only flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS), which reliably detects neoplasms in the distal colon and rectum but not in the proximal colon, has been shown to reduce incidence and mortality of distal colorectal cancer (CRC). Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) detect the majority of CRCs and some proportion of adenomas also in the proximal colon. We assessed the expected diagnostic performance of combined application of FS and FIT. We systematically reviewed screening studies conducted in an average risk population that reported specificities and site-specific sensitivities of FITs for detection of CRC or advanced adenoma (AA)...
June 30, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664250/erratum-to-interpreting-findings-from-mendelian-randomization-using-the-mr-egger-method
#9
Stephen Burgess, Simon G Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624884/age-at-menarche-and-lung-function-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#10
Dipender Gill, Nuala A Sheehan, Matthias Wielscher, Nick Shrine, Andre F S Amaral, John R Thompson, Raquel Granell, Bénédicte Leynaert, Francisco Gómez Real, Ian P Hall, Martin D Tobin, Juha Auvinen, Susan M Ring, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Louise V Wain, John Henderson, Deborah Jarvis, Cosetta Minelli
A trend towards earlier menarche in women has been associated with childhood factors (e.g. obesity) and hypothesised environmental exposures (e.g. endocrine disruptors present in household products). Observational evidence has shown detrimental effects of early menarche on various health outcomes including adult lung function, but these might represent spurious associations due to confounding. To address this we used Mendelian randomization where genetic variants are used as proxies for age at menarche, since genetic associations are not affected by classical confounding...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623424/does-air-pollution-trigger-suicide-a-case-crossover-analysis-of-suicide-deaths-over-the-life-span
#11
Lidia Casas, Bianca Cox, Mariska Bauwelinck, Benoit Nemery, Patrick Deboosere, Tim Steve Nawrot
In addition to underlying health disorders and socio-economic or community factors, air pollution may trigger suicide mortality. This study evaluates the association between short-term variation in air pollution and 10 years of suicide mortality in Belgium. In a bidirectional time-stratified case-crossover design, 20,533 suicide deaths registered between January 1st 2002 and December 31st 2011 were matched by temperature with control days from the same month and year. We used municipality-level air pollution [particulate matter (PM10) and O3 concentrations] data and meteorology data...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608186/incidence-of-glaucomatous-visual-field-loss-after-two-decades-of-follow-up-the-rotterdam-study
#12
Henriët Springelkamp, Roger C Wolfs, Wishal D Ramdas, Albert Hofman, Johannes R Vingerling, Caroline C Klaver, Nomdo M Jansonius
To determine the incidence of glaucomatous visual field loss (GVFL) two decades after the start of the Rotterdam Study, and to compare known risk factors for open-angle glaucoma (OAG) between different clinical manifestations of OAG. Of 6806 participants aged 55 years and older from the population-based Rotterdam Study, 3939 underwent visual field testing at baseline and at least one follow-up round. The ophthalmic examinations included optic disc assessment and measurements of intraocular pressure (IOP), refractive error, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and height and weight...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608185/substitutions-of-dairy-product-intake-and-risk-of-stroke-a-danish-cohort-study
#13
Anne Sofie Dam Laursen, Christina Catherine Dahm, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen
Low fat dairy products are part of dietary guidelines to prevent stroke. However, epidemiological evidence is inconclusive with regard to the association between dairy products and stroke. We therefore investigated associations for substitutions between dairy product subgroups and risk of total stroke and stroke subtypes. We included 55,211 Danish men and women aged 50-64 years without previous stroke. Baseline diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. Cases were identified through a national register and subsequently verified...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597127/the-interaction-between-smoking-and-hla-genes-in-multiple-sclerosis-replication-and-refinement
#14
Anna Karin Hedström, Michail Katsoulis, Ola Hössjer, Izaura L Bomfim, Annette Oturai, Helle Bach Sondergaard, Finn Sellebjerg, Henrik Ullum, Lise Wegner Thørner, Marte Wendel Gustavsen, Hanne F Harbo, Dragana Obradovic, Milena A Gianfrancesco, Lisa F Barcellos, Catherine A Schaefer, Jan Hillert, Ingrid Kockum, Tomas Olsson, Lars Alfredsson
Interactions between environment and genetics may contribute to multiple sclerosis (MS) development. We investigated whether the previously observed interaction between smoking and HLA genotype in the Swedish population could be replicated, refined and extended to include other populations. We used six independent case-control studies from five different countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Serbia, United States). A pooled analysis was performed for replication of previous observations (7190 cases, 8876 controls)...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597126/healthcare-and-disease-burden-among-refugees-in-long-stay-refugee-camps-at-lesbos-greece
#15
LETTER
Maaike P J Hermans, Jelmer Kooistra, Suzanne C Cannegieter, Frits R Rosendaal, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Banne Nemeth
OBJECTIVES: To assess current medical problems at two Greek refugee sites at Lesbos island (Camp Moria and Caritas hotel), to explore which care is needed and to assess how the provided healthcare can be improved. DESIGN: In this dynamic cohort study all consecutive patients who visited doctors from the Boat Refugee Foundation were included. OUTCOME: Treatment Rates (TR) with 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI) were calculated for all major health issues...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585123/occupational-exposure-to-diesel-motor-exhaust-and-risk-of-lung-cancer-by-histological-subtype-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-swedish-men
#16
Anna Ilar, Nils Plato, Marie Lewné, Göran Pershagen, Per Gustavsson
We investigated occupational exposure to diesel motor exhaust (DME) and the risk of lung cancer by histological subtype among men, using elemental carbon (EC) as a marker of DME exposure. 993 cases and 2359 controls frequency-matched on age and year of study inclusion were analyzed by unconditional logistic regression in this Swedish case-control study. Work and smoking histories were collected by a questionnaire and telephone interviews. DME was assessed by a job-exposure matrix. We adjusted for age, year of study inclusion, smoking, occupational exposure to asbestos and combustion products (other than motor exhaust), residential exposure to radon and exposure to air pollution from road traffic...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585122/long-term-a-posteriori-dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-hip-fractures-in-a-cohort-of-women
#17
Eva Warensjö Lemming, Liisa Byberg, Håkan Melhus, Alicja Wolk, Karl Michaëlsson
Dietary pattern analysis is a useful tool to study the importance of food components in the context of a diet and how they relate to health and disease. The association between dietary patterns and fractures is at present uncertain. We aimed to study associations between dietary patterns and risk of hip fracture in the Swedish Mammography Cohort, including 56,736 women (median baseline age 52 years). Diet data was collected in food frequency questionnaires at two investigations and dietary patterns were defined by principal component analysis using 31 food groups...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585121/ultra-sensitive-troponin-i-is-an-independent-predictor-of-incident-coronary-heart-disease-in-the-general-population
#18
Bernhard M Kaess, Tonia de Las Heras Gala, Astrid Zierer, Christa Meisinger, Simone Wahl, Annette Peters, John Todd, Christian Herder, Cornelia Huth, Barbara Thorand, Wolfgang Koenig
Troponins are sensitive markers of myocardial injury and predictive of cardiovascular events, but conventional assays fail to detect slightly elevated troponins in a considerable proportion of the general population. Using a novel ultrasensitive assay, we explored the relationship of troponin levels with the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a case-cohort sample (mean age 52.5 ± 0.2 years, 51.5% women) comprising 803 CHD cases and 1942 non-cases. Ultrasensitive troponin I was detectable in 99...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585120/occupational-formaldehyde-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
Ryan M Seals, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Ole Gredal, Johnni Hansen, Marc G Weisskopf
Prior studies have yielded inconsistent evidence regarding the association between formaldehyde exposure and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We conducted a population case-control study in the Danish National Registries on the relationship between occupationally-derived formaldehyde exposure and ALS. Occupational history was obtained from a comprehensive and prospectively recorded pension database of all paid work in Denmark since 1964, and was linked to a job-exposure matrix to derive individual exposure estimates...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573342/a-gaping-research-gap-regarding-the-climate-change-impact-on-health-in-poor-countries
#20
LETTER
Rainer Sauerborn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
journal
journal
29104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"