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European Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027084/association-of-light-to-moderate-alcohol-drinking-in-pregnancy-with-preterm-birth-and-birth-weight-elucidating-bias-by-pooling-data-from-nine-european-cohorts
#1
Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Gry Poulsen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Leda Chatzi, Sylvaine Cordier, Maria Teresa Grønning Dale, Marieta Fernandez, Tine Brink Henriksen, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Manolis Kogevinas, Claudia J Kruithof, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Per Magnus, Ellen Aagaard Nohr, Lorenzo Richiardi, Clara L Rodriguez-Bernal, Florence Rouget, Franca Rusconi, Martine Vrijheid, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
Women who drink light-to-moderately during pregnancy have been observed to have lower risk of unfavourable pregnancy outcomes than abstainers. This has been suggested to be a result of bias. In a pooled sample, including 193 747 live-born singletons from nine European cohorts, we examined the associations between light-to-moderate drinking and preterm birth, birth weight, and small-for-gestational age in term born children (term SGA). To address potential sources of bias, we compared the associations from the total sample with a sub-sample restricted to first-time pregnant women who conceived within six months of trying, and examined whether the associations varied across calendar time...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988343/to-see-and-then-to-act-that-is-the-challenge
#2
Thorkild I A Sørensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986739/chronic-disease-research-in-europe-and-the-need-for-integrated-population-cohorts
#3
Paul Brennan, Markus Perola, Gert-Jan van Ommen, Elio Riboli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983736/the-swedish-cause-of-death-register
#4
Hannah Louise Brooke, Mats Talbäck, Jesper Hörnblad, Lars Age Johansson, Jonas Filip Ludvigsson, Henrik Druid, Maria Feychting, Rickard Ljung
Sweden has a long tradition of recording cause of death data. The Swedish cause of death register is a high quality virtually complete register of all deaths in Sweden since 1952. Although originally created for official statistics, it is a highly important data source for medical research since it can be linked to many other national registers, which contain data on social and health factors in the Swedish population. For the appropriate use of this register, it is fundamental to understand its origins and composition...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975435/life-course-body-mass-index-and-risk-and-prognosis-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-results-from-the-als-registry-swabia
#5
Raphael Simon Peter, Angela Rosenbohm, Luc Dupuis, Torben Brehme, Jan Kassubek, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Gabriele Nagel, Albert Christian Ludolph
Weight loss appears as a strong predictor of survival of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, yet no data are currently available to describe the life course history of pre-diagnostic body mass index (BMI) in these patients. 393 ALS cases (mean age: 65.8 years, 57.3% men) and 791 controls matched by age and sex from a population-based case-control study of the ALS Registry Swabia were analyzed. Differences of BMI change in cases and controls over time were modeled using a multilevel additive model...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940092/physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Essi Hantikainen, Karl Michaëlsson, Weimin Ye, Hans-Olov Adami, Rino Bellocco
Physical activity has been inversely associated with the risk of hip fracture, however, few studies have been conducted on the contributions from different domains of physical activity. This study was performed to investigate the association between daily household activities, leisure time physical activity, work-related physical activity and total physical activity during a 24-h period, and the risk of hip fracture. In the Swedish National March Cohort we followed 23,881 men and women aged of 50 and over from 1997 until 2010...
September 22, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936570/consumption-of-alcohol-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-a-16%C3%A2-year-follow-up-of-115-592-norwegian-men-and-women-aged-40-44%C3%A2-years
#7
Aage Tverdal, Per Magnus, Randi Selmer, Dag Thelle
We tested whether teetotalism explains the upturn in cardiovascular risk for non-drinkers and whether wine is a more favorable alcohol type. We studied 115,592 men and women aged 40-44 years who participated in the age 40 program in Norway in 1994-1999 and were followed for an average of 16 years with 550 cardiovascular deaths. Self-reported number of glasses of beer, wine and spirits during 14 days was transformed to alcohol units/day. One unit is approximately 8 grams of pure alcohol. The mean and median number of alcohol units/day were 0...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929329/somatic-health-effects-of-chernobyl-30-years-on
#8
REVIEW
Maureen Hatch, Elisabeth Cardis
2016 marked the 30th anniversary of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident. We and others wrote reviews for the 25th anniversary. Since then, additional papers have appeared and it seems timely to highlight lessons learned. To present, not a systematic review, but a commentary drawing attention to notable findings. We include not only recent reports and updates on previous results, but key findings from prior Chernobyl studies. The dose-dependent increase in Papillary Thyroid Cancer (PTC) following childhood I-131 exposure in Ukraine and Belarus has now been shown to persist for decades...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929321/the-growing-rift-between-epidemiologists-and-their-data
#9
Kenneth J Rothman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929300/re-lifestyle-and-bladder-cancer-prevention-no-consistent-evidence-from-cohort-studies
#10
LETTER
Anke Wesselius, Maurice Zeegers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929268/mother-s-education-and-offspring-asthma-risk-in-10-european-cohort-studies
#11
Kate Marie Lewis, Milagros Ruiz, Peter Goldblatt, Joana Morrison, Daniela Porta, Francesco Forastiere, Daniel Hryhorczuk, Oleksandr Zvinchuk, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Sandrine Lioret, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Martine Vrijheid, Maties Torrent, Carmen Iniguez, Isabel Larranaga, Margreet W Harskamp-van Ginkel, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Jana Klanova, Jan Svancara, Henrique Barross, Sofia Correia, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Anja Taanila, Johnny Ludvigsson, Tomas Faresjo, Michael Marmot, Hynek Pikhart
Highly prevalent and typically beginning in childhood, asthma is a burdensome disease, yet the risk factors for this condition are not clarified. To enhance understanding, this study assessed the cohort-specific and pooled risk of maternal education on asthma in children aged 3-8 across 10 European countries. Data on 47,099 children were obtained from prospective birth cohort studies across 10 European countries. We calculated cohort-specific prevalence difference in asthma outcomes using the relative index of inequality (RII) and slope index of inequality (SII)...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905164/sauna-bathing-reduces-the-risk-of-respiratory-diseases-a-long-term-prospective-cohort-study
#12
LETTER
Setor Kwadzo Kunutsor, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Jari Antero Laukkanen
Sauna bathing has been linked with numerous health benefits. Sauna bathing may reduce the risk of respiratory diseases; however, no prospective evidence exists to support this hypothesis. We aimed to assess the association of frequency of sauna bathing with risk of respiratory diseases (defined as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, or pneumonia). Baseline sauna bathing habits were assessed in a prospective cohort of 1935 Caucasian men aged 42-61 years. During a median follow-up of 25.6 years, 379 hospital diagnosed incident cases of respiratory diseases were recorded...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887607/respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-infants-and-risk-of-epilepsy-in-a-danish-cohort
#13
Sandra Kruchov Thygesen, Morten Olsen, Lars Pedersen, Victor W Henderson, John Rosendahl Østergaard, Henrik Toft Sørensen
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) may be complicated by intracerebral hemorrhage, a known trigger of epilepsy. However, few data exist on long term epilepsy risk following IRDS. We therefore examined the association between IRDS in preterm infants and childhood epilepsy. We conducted a population-based cohort study using individual-level data linkage among nationwide registries. All infants born at 32-36 weeks of gestation in 1978-2009 were identified in the Medical Birth Registry. We identified children with IRDS and those with epilepsy using the Danish National Patient Registry...
September 8, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884408/religion-and-health-in-europe-cultures-countries-context
#14
Tyler J VanderWeele
Much of the research on the relationships between religious participation and health comes from the United States. Studies in other geographic regions or cultural contexts is more sparse. Evidence presented by Ahrenfelt et al., and that from other research studies, is reviewed concerning the associations between religion and health within Europe and world-wide. The evidence within Europe suggests protective associations between various forms of religious participation and lower depression, lower mortality, and better self-rated health...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884317/relationship-of-very-low-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-levels-with-long-term-survival-in-a-large-cohort-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-from-germany
#15
Haifa Maalmi, Viola Walter, Lina Jansen, Jenny Chang-Claude, Robert W Owen, Alexis Ulrich, Ben Schöttker, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
To investigate the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D3) with survival in a large prospective cohort study of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The study population consisted of 2,910 patients diagnosed with CRC between 2003 and 2010 who participated in the DACHS study, a multicenter study from Germany with comprehensive long-term follow-up. 25(OH)D3 was determined in serum samples collected shortly after cancer diagnosis by High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Electro Spray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871470/lifestyle-and-bladder-cancer-prevention-no-consistent-evidence-from-cohort-studies
#16
LETTER
Alina Vrieling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864947/immortal-time-bias-in-pharmacoepidemiological-studies-on-cancer-patient-survival-empirical-illustration-for-beta-blocker-use-in-four-cancers-with-different-prognosis
#17
Janick Weberpals, Lina Jansen, Myrthe P P van Herk-Sukel, Josephina G Kuiper, Mieke J Aarts, Pauline A J Vissers, Hermann Brenner
Immortal time bias (ITB) is still seen frequently in medical literature. However, not much is known about this bias in the field of cancer (pharmaco-)epidemiology. In context of a hypothetical beneficial beta-blocker use among cancer patients, we aimed to demonstrate the magnitude of ITB among 9876 prostate, colorectal, lung and pancreatic cancer patients diagnosed between 1998 and 2011, which were selected from a database linkage of the Netherlands Cancer Registry and the PHARMO Database Network. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals from three ITB scenarios, defining exposure at a defined point after diagnosis (model 1), at any point after diagnosis (model 2) and as multiple exposures after diagnosis (model 3), were calculated to investigate the association between beta-blockers and cancer prognosis using Cox proportional hazards regression...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864851/dietary-sugar-starches-intake-and-barrett-s-esophagus-a-pooled-analysis
#18
Nan Li, Jessica Leigh Petrick, Susan Elizabeth Steck, Patrick Terrence Bradshaw, Kathleen Michele McClain, Nicole Michelle Niehoff, Lawrence Stuart Engel, Nicholas James Shaheen, Douglas Allen Corley, Thomas Leonard Vaughan, Marilie Denise Gammon
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the key precursor lesion of esophageal adenocarcinoma, a lethal cancer that has increased rapidly in westernized countries over the past four decades. Dietary sugar intake has also been increasing over time, and may be associated with these tumors by promoting hyperinsulinemia. The study goal was to examine multiple measures of sugar/starches intake in association with BE. This pooled analysis included 472 BE cases and 492 controls from two similarly conducted case-control studies in the United States...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861761/tobacco-smoking-and-breast-cancer-a-life-course-approach
#19
Areti Lagiou, Pagona Lagiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861644/epistemological-rehabilitation-of-shoe-leather-epidemiology-the-lesson-of-cholera-in-haiti
#20
LETTER
Stanislas Rebaudet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
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