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Experimental & Applied Acarology

Zhong-Bo Li, Tian-Yin Cheng, Xing-Li Xu, Lu-Lin Song, Guo-Hua Liu
The tick Haemaphysalis flava (Acari: Ixodidae) is an important ectoparasite, which causes direct damage to their hosts and also acts as a vector of various infectious disease agents in China. Despite its significance, the epidemiology, genetics and biology of H. flava has not been studied in detail. In the present study, the genetic variation in three mitochondrial (mt) DNA regions, namely cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 and 4 (nad1 and nad4), was examined in H. flava ticks collected from wild hedgehogs in China...
January 16, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Houshuang Zhang, Ruiqiong Qiao, Haiyan Gong, Jie Cao, Yongzhi Zhou, Jinlin Zhou
Kunitz/bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor proteins are abundant in the salivary glands of ticks and perform multiple functions in blood feeding, including inhibiting blood coagulation, regulating host blood supply and disrupting host angiogenesis. In this study, we identified a novel gene designated HA11 (Hyalomma asiaticum 11 kDa protein) from the salivary gland of the tick H. asiaticum. HA11 is encoded by a gene with an open reading frame of 306 bp that is translated into a deduced 101 amino acid 11 kDa protein that shares 27% sequence identity with a Kunitz-like protease inhibitor precursor in Amblyomma variegatum...
January 13, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Mackenzie L Kwak, Kate Mintram
A rare opportunity to travel to Herald's Beacon Islet with permission from the Australian government to collect ticks allowed for a survey of the tick fauna of the island to be undertaken for the first time. The avian fauna of the island, which serve as hosts, was also recorded and includes one new species record for the island. The seabird soft tick Ornithodoros capensis Neumann and the seabird hard tick Amblyomma loculosum Neumann were found to be present on the island. Images of the ticks present on the island are presented along with morphological characters for their identification...
January 7, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Leonor R Rodrigues, Alexandre R T Figueiredo, Susana A M Varela, Isabelle Olivieri, Sara Magalhães
The choice of the partner an individual will mate with is expected to strongly impact its fitness. Hence, natural selection has favoured the evolution of cues to distinguish among mates that will provide different fitness benefits to the individual that is choosing. In species with first-male sperm precedence, this is particularly important for males, as mating with mated females will result in no offspring. In the spider mite Tetranychus urticae only the first mating is effective, except if the interval between first and second copulations is shorter than 24 h...
December 31, 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Dimitrios S Koveos, Takeshi Suzuki, Anastasia Terzidou, Anastasia Kokkari, George Floros, Petros Damos, Nikos A Kouloussis
Egg hatchability of four predatory mites-Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot, Iphiseius [Amblyseius] degenerans Berlese, Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot, and Euseius finlandicus Oudemans (Acari: Phytoseiidae)-and the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) was determined under various UV-B doses either in constant darkness (DD) or with simultaneous irradiation using white light. Under UV-B irradiation and DD or simultaneous irradiation with white light, the predator's eggs hatched in significantly lower percentages than in the control non-exposed eggs, which indicates deleterious effects of UV-B on embryonic development...
December 17, 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Mohammad Shaef Ullah, Ryouhei Sugimoto, Manita Kongchuensin, Ploychompoo Konvipasruang, Tetsuo Gotoh
The effects of copulation duration on reproduction were studied in two important biological control agents, Neoseiulus womersleyi (Schicha) and Neoseiulus longispinosus (Evans), to better understand their reproductive potential. The number of eggs produced was significantly and positively related to the copulation duration in both species. Egg production was observed even in females which experienced only 15 min of copulation and increased as copulation period increased in both species. Both pre- and post-oviposition periods of N...
December 9, 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Yasumasa Murata, Masahiro Osakabe
Ambient ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation induces lethal effects in the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae, whereas photoreactivation by irradiation with ultraviolet-A and visible light (VIS) plays an important role to increase survival of mites irradiated by UVB. The physiological mechanisms and ecological significance of photoreactivation in terrestrial arthropods have not been shown clearly. We verified the biological impact and accumulation of DNA lesions by UVB irradiation and the repair of them by photoreactivation in T...
November 21, 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Lien T Luong, Dewmi Subasinghe
Comparative and phylogenetic studies reveal that parasites evolved from free-living ancestors, but the underlying processes and mechanisms are not well understood. In order for selection to favor the evolution of parasitism, there must be pre-existing adaptations for host exploitation and a fitness advantage favoring the transition to parasitism. Here, we experimentally investigate the differential reproductive success of a facultative parasite, Macrocheles subbadius. Lifetime reproductive success was higher among female mites that fed on fruit fly hemolymph as parasites compared to free-living mites...
November 17, 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Patrick S Sebastian, Evelina L Tarragona, María N Saracho Bottero, Atilio J Mangold, Ute Mackenstedt, Santiago Nava
The aim of this study was to get an overview about the occurrence of bacteria from the genus Ehrlichia and Rickettsia in ixodid ticks with medical importance in Argentina. Therefore, in 2013 and 2014, free-living ticks were collected in different provinces of northern Argentina. These ticks were determined as Amblyomma sculptum, Amblyomma neumanni, Amblyomma parvum, Amblyomma triste, Amblyomma ovale, Amblyomma tonelliae and Haemaphysalis juxtakochi. All samples were tested to determine the infection with Ehrlichia spp...
November 3, 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Shengyong Wu, Haicui Xie, Maoye Li, Xuenong Xu, Zhongren Lei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Andreas Tsatsaris, Dimosthenis Chochlakis, Byron Papadopoulos, Aikaterini Petsa, Leonidas Georgalis, Emmanouil Angelakis, Ioannis Ioannou, Yannis Tselentis, Anna Psaroulaki
Tick population and species depend on the effect of biotic and abiotic factors, especially vegetation, climate and host density; Cyprus, due to the mild climate, favors the appearance and spread of tick-borne infections. Our objective was to identify the tick species present in the island, to investigate their geographical distribution and their epidemiological implications. During a three-year study (2004-2006) we collected ticks from domestic and wild animals over the island of Cyprus. Data on temperature, humidity, altitude and vegetation, were also recorded...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Elis Maressa Gonçalves da Silva, Vinicius da Silva Rodrigues, Jaciara de Oliveira Jorge, Carolina Fonseca Osava, Matias Pablo Juan Szabó, Marcos Valério Garcia, Renato Andreotti
Ticks from Rhipicephalus sanguineus complex are widely distributed in the world and one species from this complex is the most common tick on dogs in Brazil, notably in urban areas. This tick is a vector of several diseases. Among others it transmits the agent of canine Ehrlichiosis, a major dog infectious disease and the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. This tick can spread rapidly and develop intolerable infestations within no time. Currently tick control is done with acaricides and demand for such drugs has grown fast...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Li-Lian Chao, Chien-Ming Shih
The genetic identity of Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick was determined for the first time in Taiwan. The phylogenetic relationships were analyzed by comparing the sequences of mitochondrial 16S ribosomal DNA gene obtained from 32 strains of ticks representing six species of Rhipicephalus, two species of Dermacentor and two outgroup species (Haemaphysalis inermis and Ixodes ricinus). Seven major clades can be easily distinguished by neighbour-joining analysis and were congruent by maximum-parsimony method. All R...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Maria João Coimbra-Dores, Telmo Nunes, Deodália Dias, Fernanda Rosa
Although some studies have already been performed on Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) populations, there is still much disarray around its taxonomic classification. Rhipicephalus sanguineus, which is also known as " (brown dog tick) is a three-host tick that parasitizes many vertebrates, including occasional human hosts. It presents a worldwide distribution and is a vector of zoonosis with acknowledged public health importance. In Western Europe, R. turanicus (Pomerantsev) share many phenotypic features and is genetically closely related to R...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Jani J Sormunen, Ritva Penttinen, Tero Klemola, Eero J Vesterinen, Jari Hänninen
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is the causative agent of an emerging tick-borne disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis. While the bacterium has been reported from questing ticks in neighboring Sweden, Norway and Russia, the few surveys regarding questing ticks in Finland have thus far been negative. In the current study, the prevalence of A. phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus populations was evaluated in several study localities around southwestern Finland during 2013-2014. Some of these populations were previously screened and found negative for A...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Nusirat Elelu, Joana Ferrolho, Joana Couto, Ana Domingos, Mark C Eisler
Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are some of the most important animal health and management problems in Africa, including Nigeria. This study aims to determine the prevalence of an important TBD, anaplasmosis, in a North-central region of Nigeria. Blood samples were collected from cattle and stored on Whatman FTA(®) cards. Information on village, age and sex associated with each cattle was also recorded. The packed red blood cell volume (PCV) for each blood sample was determined. After DNA extraction, pathogen presence was evaluated by TaqMan(®) based qPCR of which 75...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Alena Krause, Patrick Pachl, Garvin Schulz, Ricarda Lehmitz, Anna Seniczak, Ina Schaefer, Stefan Scheu, Mark Maraun
Convergent evolution is one of the main drivers of traits and phenotypes in animals and plants. Here, we investigated the minimum number of independent colonisations of marine and freshwater habitats in derived oribatid mites (Brachypylina), a mainly terrestrial taxon. Furthermore, we investigated whether the reproductive mode (sexual vs. thelytokous) is associated with the habitat type (marine, freshwater) where the animals live. We hypothesized that continuous resource availability in freshwater systems fosters asexual reproduction...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Shengyong Wu, Haicui Xie, Maoye Li, Xuenong Xu, Zhongren Lei
Entomopathogenic fungi and predatory mites can independently contribute to suppressing the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch. It is important to assess the risk of possible fungal infections in predators when a combination of them are being considered as a tandem control strategy for suppressing T. urticae. The first part of this study tested 12 Beauveria bassiana isolates for virulence in T. urticae. Strains SCWJ-2, SDDZ-9, LNSZ-26, GZGY-1-3 and WLMQ-32 were found to be the most potent, causing 37...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Lei Liu, Tian-Yin Cheng, Fen Yan
Tick-borne-diseases (TBD) pose a huge threat to the health of both humans and animals worldwide. Tick vaccines constitute an attractive alternative for tick control, due to their cost-efficiency and environmental-friendliness. Subolesin, a protective antigen against ticks, is reported to be a promising candidate for the development of broad-spectrum vaccines. However, the entire length of its gene, subA, and its gene expression pattern in different tissues and blood-feeding status (or different levels of engorgement) have not been studied extensively...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Marcela Massaro, João Pedro Ignez Martin, Gilberto José de Moraes
Phytoseiid mites are commonly used as biological control agents of mite and small insect pests. To facilitate the production of phytoseiids, alternative food sources have been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of different food sources for the rearing of the phytoseiids Amblyseius tamatavensis Blommers, Euseius concordis (Chant) and Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant and Baker). This study evaluated the levels of oviposition of these predators when fed with 15 Astigmatina (Sarcoptiformes) mite species, one species of a bacteriophagous nematode, and pollen from five plant species...
December 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
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