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Experimental & Applied Acarology

Keiko Oku, Tom P G van den Beuken
In haplodiploid organisms including the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae), both unmated and mated females can produce male offspring. A previous study reported that males produced by unmated females (UM males) find pre-reproductive females more quickly than males produced by mated females (M males) in T. urticae. However, it remains unclear what factors cause the difference. We investigated effects of maternal mating status on mate-searching behaviour of their sons by changing the sons' developmental environment...
April 21, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Zlata Živković, Biljana Vidović, Vida Jojić, Tatjana Cvrković, Radmila Petanović
We examined morphological and genetic differences among Aceria spp. inhabiting six Brassicaceae species in Serbia. Five of them have been already mentioned in the literature as original or alternate hosts of Aceria spp. (Berteroa incana (L.) DC., Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Cardamine hirsuta L., Lepidium draba L. and Sisymbrium orientale L.), whereas Aurinia petraea (Ard.) Schur was registered here for the first time as a host for Aceria sp. Results of morphometric analyses indicated clear differentiation of Aceria spp...
April 20, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Aline Daniele Tassi, Laura Cristina Garita-Salazar, Lilian Amorim, Valdenice Moreira Novelli, Juliana Freitas-Astúa, Carl C Childers, Elliot W Kitajima
Citrus leprosis has been one of the most destructive diseases of citrus in the Americas. In the last decade important progress has been achieved such as the complete genome sequencing of its main causal agent, Citrus leprosis virus C (CiLV-C), belonging to a new genus Cilevirus. It is transmitted by Brevipalpus yothersi Baker (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), and is characterized by the localized symptoms it induces on the leaves, fruits and stems. It occurs in the American continents from Mexico to Argentina. The virus was until recently considered restricted to Citrus spp...
April 17, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
A Michelle Ferrell, R Jory Brinkerhoff, Juan Bernal, Sergio E Bermúdez
Systematic acarological surveys are useful tools in assessing risk to tick-borne infections, especially in areas where consistent clinical surveillance for tick-borne disease is lacking. Our goal was to identify environmental predictors of tick burdens on dogs and tick-borne infectious agents in dog-derived ticks in the Chiriquí Province of western Panama to draw inferences about spatio-temporal variation in human risk to tick-borne diseases. We used a model-selection approach to test the relative importance of elevation, human population size, vegetative cover, and change in landuse on patterns of tick parasitism on dogs...
April 17, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
F Requena-García, F Cabrero-Sañudo, S Olmeda-García, Julia González, F Valcárcel
Ticks are important ectoparasites and vectors of the pathogens that cause disease in humans and animals. At a natural reserve in Ciudad Real (Spain), an uncontrollable infestation of wild animals with Hyalomma lusitanicum (Koch) has been reported by some game reserve owners. Many questions about distribution, abundance, and phenology of this tick in this area remain unanswered. The aim of this study was to determine if temperature and relative humidity affect the questing tick's activity in four species of ticks in a meso-Mediterranean area, especially that of H...
April 17, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Marliza B Reichert, Inga C Christiansen, Michael Seiter, Peter Schausberger
The ability to learn is ubiquitous in animals but highly variable within and between species, populations and individuals. Diet-related circumstances, such as diet quantity and quality can influence both long-term constitutive (genetic; by selection) and short-term operational (non-genetic; by the immediate circumstances) learning performance. Here, we scrutinized the causes of loss of learning ability, following multi-generational feeding on pollen, in a line of the predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii, which was previously well able to learn prey during early life, enhancing foraging later in life...
April 13, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
F C L Ernieenor, G Ernna, A Mariana
Morphotaxonomy based on phenotypic traits of immature hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) is a skill challenge and has prompted many inexperienced acarologists to adopt DNA-based methods for identifying and discriminating the species. The aim of this study is therefore to utilize COI gene for verifying the morphological status of Haemaphysalis ticks in Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 19 on-host ticks collected from four localities were first identified using specific illustrated taxonomic keys that lead to the genus of Haemaphysalis...
April 13, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Xiao Liang, Qing Chen, Hui Lu, Chunling Wu, Fuping Lu, Jihong Tang
In order to study the function of peroxidase (POD) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in cassava resistance to spider mites, we tested the changes of transcription levels and activities of these two protective enzymes in both cassava and Tetranychus urticae (=T. cinnabarinus) during the interaction. The results showed that after damage of the mite-susceptible cassava cultivar BRA900 by T. urticae for 1 and 8 days, the transcription levels of MePOD and MePPO and the activities of POD and PPO showed no significant difference compared with those in undamaged leaves...
April 12, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Li-Lian Chao, Chun-Wei Lu, Ying-Fang Lin, Chien-Ming Shih
Genetic identity and morphological features of a human biting tick, Amblyomma testudinarium, were determined for the first time in Taiwan. Morphological features of adult male and female ticks of Am. testudinarium were observed and photographed by a stereo- microscope. The genetic identity was analyzed by comparing the sequences of mitochondrial 16S ribosomal DNA gene obtained from 18 strains of ticks representing 10 species of Amblyomma, and four outgroup species of Dermacentor and Rhipicephalus ticks. Nine major clades could be easily distinguished by neighbour-joining analysis and were congruent by maximum-parsimony method...
April 12, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Asma Musa, Irena Međo, Ivana Marić, Dejan Marčić
Acaricidal and sublethal effects of the biopesticide Requiem(®)EC (containing an essential oil extract of Chenopodium ambrosioides near ambrosioides) on the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, were evaluated in laboratory bioassays. The biopesticide was applied to bean leaves or leaf discs using a Potter spray tower. Acaricidal activity against eggs and immatures was evaluated in successive acute toxicity bioassays. Concentration-mortality data were subjected to probit analysis and the following LC50 values (ml/l) were calculated: 2...
April 12, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Ricarda Lehmitz, Peter Decker
To make oribatid mites an applicable tool in monitoring programs it is necessary to find a molecular species marker that allows distinct, rapid and easy species identification. In previous studies, the common barcoding sequence COI showed to be too variable to serve as species marker in oribatid mites. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the potential use of the D3 region of the nuclear 28S rDNA gene for species identification. Therefore, we generated a reference DNA library of 28S D3 to identify specimens of the Oribatida from Germany, with focus on species occurring in peatlands being one of the most endangered habitats in Europe...
April 12, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
S Dutta, R Godara, R Katoch, A Yadav, M Katoch, N K Singh
Detection of resistance levels against amitraz and malathion in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus collected from four districts of Jammu region (India) was carried out using the adult immersion test. The regression graphs of probit mortality of ticks plotted against log values of concentration of drugs were utilised for the determination of slope of mortality, lethal concentration for 50% (LC50), 95% (LC95) and resistance factor (RF). On the basis of the data generated on variables (mortality, egg mass weight, reproductive index and percentage inhibition of oviposition) the resistance level was categorised as I, II, III and IV...
March 1, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Nirbhay K Singh, S P S Saini, Harkirat Singh, Jyoti, S K Sharma, S S Rath
Ticks and tick-borne diseases are a major constraint for the sustainable cattle industry in the tropical and subtropical regions including the Indian subcontinent. The development of resistance to most of the commonly used acaricides leads to an attempt to screen plant extracts and their combinations for their possible acaricidal activity to develop an eco-friendly tick control alternative. An alcoholic and various aqueous extracts of Piper longum, Piper nigrum and Zingiber officinale and their combinations were evaluated for acaricidal activity against the three-host ixodid tick, Hyalomma anatolicum by larval immersion test using 14-21 days old unfed larvae...
March 1, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Per M Jensen, Christian S Christoffersen, Sara Moutailler, Lorraine Michelet, Kirstine Klitgaard, Rene Bødker
Ixodes ricinus serves as vector for a range of microorganisms capable of causing clinical illness in humans. The microorganisms occur in the same vector populations and are generally affected by the same tick-host interactions. Still, the instars have different host preferences which should manifest in different transmission patterns for various microorganisms in the tick populations, i.e., most microorganisms increase in prevalence rate from larvae to nymphs because their reservoirs are among small mammals and birds that serve as blood hosts for larvae...
February 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Martin Weiler, Georg Gerhard Duscher, Monika Wetscher, Julia Walochnik
The abundance of questing ticks depends on various factors. In this study, the impact of a major flood event on tick abundance and activity was observed. Ticks were collected on a weekly basis in two approximately 2 km(2) large floodplain areas on the inner and the outer bank of the river Danube north of Vienna, Austria. In 2013 before a 200 year flood event, an average of 55 ticks per hour was collected in the area on the outer bank and 21 ticks per hour in the area on the inner bank. After the flood event the tick activity was massively reduced, with 12 ticks per hour on the outer bank and 1...
February 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Ludzula Mukwevho, David Simelane, Terence Olckers
The flower-galling mite Aceria lantanae (Cook) (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) was released for the biological control of Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae) in South Africa in 2007, but has displayed variable and patchy establishment throughout the weed's range. Surveys were undertaken in 2013-2014, both seasonally and during the mite's peak infestation periods, to determine the influence of climatic factors on its performance. Although there were seasonal differences in the percentages of mite-infested inflorescences, these did not differ significantly between altitudinal zones...
February 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Melissa Carolina Pereira, Ana Elisa Gasparotto, Juliana Paneczko Jurgilas, Letícia Aurora Coelho da Silva, Mayara Cristina Pereira, Samantha Santos Silveira, Thays Neigri Silva, André Arnosti, Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias
Ticks are ectoparasites of medical and veterinary importance, which transmit many infectious agents, causing significant damage to the hosts. The "dog tick" Rhipicephalus sanguineus is responsible for transmitting several pathogens to dogs, motivating researchers to investigate efficient and sustainable control methods. Currently, chemical acaricides currently in use target the central nervous system (synganglion), which is responsible for controlling all the systemic functions of the ticks. Here, the neurotoxic potential of deltamethrin on the synganglion of unfed R...
February 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Julie Cat, Frédéric Beugnet, Thierry Hoch, Frans Jongejan, Aurélie Prangé, Karine Chalvet-Monfray
The seasonal weather-driven activity of the tick Ixodes ricinus is frequently explored using multisite surveys. This study aimed to investigate the statistical modeling of seasonal trends in the activity of I. ricinus nymphs when both the influence of abiotic factors and spatial heterogeneity were taken into account. Time series data of abiotic covariates (temperature, relative humidity, rainfall and photoperiod) and nymphal tick counts were recorded on several sites in The Netherlands, Belgium and in France in 2008 and 2009...
February 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Gianluca D'Amico, Mirabela Oana Dumitrache, Ioana Adriana Matei, Angela Monica Ionică, Călin Mircea Gherman, Attila David Sándor, David Modrý, Andrei Daniel Mihalca
In Romania, data regarding hard-tick diversity and tick-host associations in wild carnivores are scarce. We aimed to identify tick species in wild carnivores and to establish reliable data on tick-host associations. The study was conducted in various Romanian localities from all five ecoregions found in the country. Fourteen species of wild carnivores were examined. Immature and adult ticks were collected and identified using the morphological keys. The frequency and mean intensity of tick infestation, overall and differentiated by species, developmental stage and host were calculated...
February 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Reghu Ravindran, Nayikottummal Devadas Chithra, Pattanur Edathil Deepa, Karapparambu Gopalan Ajithkumar, Leena Chandrasekhar, Kanapadinchareveetil Sreelekha, Suresh Narayanan Nair, Sanis Juliet, Srikanta Ghosh
In the present study, the acaricidal effects of caffeic acid, nortriptyline, precocene I and quercetin against Rhipicephalus annulatus (syn. Boophilus annulatus) Say (Acari: Ixodidae) were evaluated. Adult immersion technique (24 ticks immersed for 2 min in one dilution of the compound) was used for the assessment of the effects of caffeic acid (0.39-100 mg/mL), nortriptyline (0.625-50 mg/L), precocene I (0.004488-5 mg/mL) and quercetin (6.25-100 mg/mL) against R. annulatus. Adult tick mortality, reproductive index, inhibition of fecundity and hatching were calculated...
February 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
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