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Annals of Saudi Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151462/metastases-of-malignant-melanoma-on-the-skin-of-the-abdomen-and-thorax-imitating-herpes-zoster
#1
Beata Bergler-Czop, Ligia Brzezinska-Wcislo, Bartosz Miziolek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151461/a-rare-case-of-erdheim-chester-disease-in-the-breast
#2
Razan F Binyousef, Aboelkhair M Al-Gahmi, Zahid Rahman Khan, Elham Rawah
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is rare non-Langerhans histiocytosis with distinctive radiologic and pathologic entities. We report a rare case of which ECD was involving the breast with only eight similar cases reported in the English literature. Our patient was a 52-year-old female patient with ECD involving the breast, mesentery, left kidney, retroperitoneum and the skeleton. The diagnosis was based on distinctive imaging and histopathological findings. The patient received a new novel treatment as part of a clinical trial in the United States and showed clinical and radiological improvement...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151460/advancing-nursing-practice-the-emergence-of-the-role-of-advanced-practice-nurse-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Denise Hibbert, Ahmad E Aboshaiqah, Kathy A Sienko, Debra Forestell, Adel W Harb, Shadia A Yousuf, Patricia W Kelley, Patricia F Brennan, Laura Serrant, Alison Leary
BACKGROUND: The roots of advanced practice nursing (APN) can be traced back to the 1890s, but the nurse practitioner (NP) emerged in Western countries during the 1960s in response to the unmet healthcare needs of populations in rural areas. These early NPs utilized the medical model of care to assess, diagnose and treat. Nursing has since grown as a profession, with its own unique and distinguishable, holistic, science-based knowledge, which is complementary within the multidisciplinary team...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151459/effect-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-on-lung-function-and-inflammatory-mediatorsin-partly-controlled-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ayad Mohammed Salem, Abdullah Omar Bamosa, Hatem Othman Qutub, Rakesh Kumar Gupta, Ahmed Badar, Abdelsalam Elnour, Muhammad Nasir Afzal
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa and its derivatives have been reported to have anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator effects, but the effects have been evaluated in only a few clinical studies. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of N sativa supplementation on inflammation of the airways and limitation of airflow in partly controlled asthma patients. DESIGN: Single-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. SETTING: Asthma and allergy clinic of a university hospital in eastern Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151458/effect-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-over-a-one-year-period-on-lipid-levels-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-receiving-oral-hypoglycemic-agents-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#5
Ahmed Badar, Huda Kaatabi, Abdullah Bamosa, Abdulmohsen Al-Elq, Bodour Abou-Hozaifa, Fatma Lebda, Akram Alkhadra, Sameeh Al-Almaie
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia are at a high risk of cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of Nigella sativa supplementation on the lipid profile, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate in persons with type 2 diabetes on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA). DESIGN: Single-blind, nonrandomized. SETTING: Diabetes clinic of a university hospital in Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Type-2 diabetic patients were recruited by purposive sampling and assigned to treatment or control at the discretion of the investigator with the patient blinded to treatment...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151457/effectiveness-of-stapedotomy-in-improving-hearing-sensitivity-for-53-otosclerotic-patients-retrospective-review
#6
Farid Alzhrani, Mohammad M Mokhatrish, Murad O Al-Momani, Hassan Alshehri, Abdulrahman Hagr, Soha N Garadat
BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is a common cause of progressive hearing impairment that causes fixation of the stapes. Surgical intervention is the preferred treatment approach to ameliorate the conductive hearing loss associated with stapedial otosclerosis. However, given that it is a difficult and delicate procedure, the surgery may fail for a number of reasons. Therefore, it is very important to evaluate the success rate of the surgical approach used in each regional center. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of stapedotomy in improving hearing sensitivity for otosclerotic patients at King Abdul Aziz University Hospital in Riyadh...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151456/comparison-of-two-approaches-to-lateral-osteotomy-in-saudi-patients
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ahmad A Mirza, Osama A Marglani, Mian U Farooq, Talal A Al-Khatib, Waed S Jameel, Noran A Sultan, Mohammed S Aly
BACKGROUND: Nasal deformity is an abnormality in the appearance of the nose due to either congenital defect or trauma. In traumatic cases, patients often present with combined functional and cosmetic complaints. Therefore, otolaryngologists take into account both breathing and aesthetic nasal issues. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in the nasal dorsum and base; compare breathing and aesthetic satisfaction scores between two approaches to lateral nasal osteotomy: low-to-low and low-to-high...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151455/association-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-drb1-with-anti-cyclic-citrullinated-peptide-autoantibodies-in-saudi-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Abdullah Alrogy, Abduallah Dirar, Waleed Alrogy, Hana Fakhoury, Ali Hajeer
BACKGROUND: The genetic association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 alleles and the risk of development of autoantibodies has been investigated, but there are few studies from the Gulf region. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between the HLA-DRB1 shared epitope and the risk for development of autoantibodies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in a Saudi population. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151454/effects-of-blood-transfusion-on-oxygen-extraction-ratio-and-central-venous-saturation-in-children-after-cardiac-surgery
#9
Bana Nasser, Mohmad Tageldein, Abdulrahman AlMesned, Mohammad Kabbani
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell transfusion is common in critically ill children after cardiac surgery. Since the threshold for hemoglobin (Hb) transfusion need is not well defined, the threshold Hb level at which dependent critical oxygen uptake-to-delivery (VO2-DO2) status compensation is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of blood transfusion on the oxygen extraction ratio (O2ER) and central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) to identify a critical O2ER value that could help us determine the critical need for blood transfusion...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151453/anthropometric-cutoff-values-for-predicting-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-saudi-community-from-the-saudi-dm-study
#10
Khalid Al-Rubean, Amira M Youssef, Yousuf AlFarsi, Ahmad H Al-Sharqawi, Nahla Bawazeer, Mohammad T AlOtaibi, Fahd Issa AlRumaih, Muhammad Shoaib Zaidi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome varies widely by ethnicity and by the criteria used in its definition. OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal cutoff values for waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and body mass index (BMI) for identifying metabolic syndrome among the Saudi population. DESIGN: Nationwide household cross-sectional population-based survey. SETTING: Thirteen health sectors in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151452/reference-intervals-for-common-biochemistry-laboratory-tests-in-the-saudi-population-by-a-direct-a-priori-method
#11
Xuejiao L Hu, Huda Hassan, Fouad Hassan Al-Dayel
BACKGROUND: Reference intervals (RI) for biochemistry laboratory tests are now based on Caucasian rather than Saudi populations. Test parameters may vary because of race, lifestyle, population structure and geographic location. OBJECTIVES: To establish reference intervals for common clinical chemistry laboratory tests for the Saudi population. DESIGN: Direct a priori method. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were taken from 625 individuals aged from 2 to 87 years from different geographic areas for 93 biochemistry tests...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151451/z-score-growth-reference-data-for-saudi-preschool-children
#12
Mohammad Issa El Mouzan, Ahamed Shaffi, Abdullah Al Salloum, Mansour M Alqurashi, Abdullah Al Herbish, Ahmad Al Omer
BACKGROUND: Assessment of growth using Z-score methods is important for clinical care and research, yet growth reference Z-score data for preschool Saudi children are not available. OBJECTIVE: Establish Z-score tables and corresponding growth charts. DESIGN: Uses data from a national survey in 2004-2005. SETTING: Community-based random sample of preschool Saudi children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Raw data from the previous nationally representative sample were analyzed using the L, M, and S statistical methods to calculate Z-scores of growth...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151450/outcomes-of-road-traffic-injuries-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-a-camera-ticketing-system-a-retrospective-study-from-a-large-trauma-center-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Suliman Alghnam, Muhamad Alkelya, Moath Alfraidy, Khalid Al-Bedah, Ibrahim Tawfiq Albabtain, Omar Alshenqeety
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the third leading cause of death in Saudi Arabia. Because speed is a major risk factor for severe crash-related injuries, a camera ticketing system was implemented countrywide in mid-2010 by the traffic police in an effort to improve traffic safety. There are no published studies on the effects of the system in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE: To examine injury severity and associated mortality at a large trauma center before and after the implementation of the ticketing system...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920419/ct-diagnosis-of-spontaneous-uterine-rupture-at-term-sonographic-appearance-of-which-was-confused-with-placenta-praevia
#14
Rohit Bhoil, Mukesh Surya, Kewal Arunkumar Mistry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920418/endoscopic-treatment-of-bouverets-syndrome-in-an-extremely-elderly-patient-with-holmium-yag-laser
#15
Kao-Chi Chang, Wei-Ming Chen, Kuo-Liang Wei
Bouveret's syndrome is a rare presentation of duodenal obstruction or gastric outlet obstruction caused by a large gallstone migrating through a cholecystoduodenal or choledochoduodenal fistula. Most patients are elderly and often have underlying comorbidities, complicating surgery. Endoscopic therapy should be used as first-line treatment for these patients who are not good surgical candidates. We report a case of a 98-year-old Chinese female who presented with vomiting for three days. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis of Bouveret's syndrome...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920417/intensive-care-unit-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-is-it-still-needed
#16
EDITORIAL
Majid A Almadi, Alan N Barkun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920416/re-evaluating-the-inhibition-of-stress-erosions-revise-a-protocol-for-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Waleed Alhazzani, Gordon Guyatt, John C Marshall, Richard Hall, John Muscedere, Francois Lauzier, Lehana Thabane, Mohammed Alshahrani, Shane W English, Yaseen M Arabi, Adam M Deane, Tim Karachi, Bram Rochwerg, Simon Finfer, Nick Daneman, Nicole Zytaruk, Diane Heel-Ansdell, Deborah Cook, On Behalf Of
INTRODUCTION: Clinicians routinely administer stress ulcer prophylaxis to mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), most commonly prescribing proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). However, the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from stress ulceration is low and recent observational studies suggest these agents may increase infections. Therefore, a large randomized clinical trial (RCT) is needed to inform modern practice. The aim of this multicenter pilot trial is to determine the feasibility of performing a large RCT to investigate the efficacy and safety of withholding intravenous pantoprazole...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920415/endoscopic-monopolar-cauterization-of-the-sphenopalatine-artery-a-single-surgeons-experience
#18
Haitham Odat, Mohannad Al-Qudah
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is one of the most common otolaryngology emergency conditions, and is usually treated conservatively by different types of nasal packs. A limited number of patients continue to bleed even with tightly fitted anterior and posterior packs in the nose. Such intractable epistaxis is managed by surgery or embolization. OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the use and outcomes of endoscopic suction monopolar cauterization of the sphenopalatine artery. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920414/morbidity-and-mortality-and-predictors-of-outcome-following-hepatectomy-at-a-saudi-tertiary-care-center
#19
Faisal Al-Alem, Rafif Essam Mattar, Ola Abdelmonem Fadl, Abdulsalam Alsharabi, Faisal Al-Saif, Mazen Hassanain
BACKGROUND: Hepatic resection is a major surgical procedure. Data on outcomes of hepatectomy in Saudi Arabia are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To measure morbidity and mortality and assess predictors of outcome after hepatectomy. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia with well established hepatobiliary surgery unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing liver resection in our institute during 2006-2014...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920413/retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-a-healthy-turkish-population-measured-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#20
Mehmet Cubuk, Nedime Sahinoglu-Keskek, Sakir Ozgur Keskek
BACKGROUND: Normative optical coherence tomography (OCT) data is required for different subsets of the population as ethnic differences in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness have been reported. An OCT database for the normal Turkish population is not commercially available. OBJECTIVES: Quantify peripapillary RNFL thickness in a Turkish population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. SETTING: Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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