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Annals of Saudi Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920419/ct-diagnosis-of-spontaneous-uterine-rupture-at-term-sonographic-appearance-of-which-was-confused-with-placenta-praevia
#1
Rohit Bhoil, Mukesh Surya, Kewal Arunkumar Mistry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920418/endoscopic-treatment-of-bouverets-syndrome-in-an-extremely-elderly-patient-with-holmium-yag-laser
#2
Kao-Chi Chang, Wei-Ming Chen, Kuo-Liang Wei
: Bouveret's syndrome is a rare presentation of duodenal obstruction or gastric outlet obstruction caused by a large gallstone migrating through a cholecystoduodenal or choledochoduodenal fistula. Most patients are elderly and often have underlying comorbidities, complicating surgery. Endoscopic therapy should be used as first-line treatment for these patients who are not good surgical candidates. We report a case of a 98-year-old Chinese female who presented with vomiting for three days...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920417/intensive-care-unit-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-is-it-still-needed
#3
EDITORIAL
Majid A Almadi, Alan N Barkun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920416/re-evaluating-the-inhibition-of-stress-erosions-revise-a-protocol-for-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Waleed Alhazzani, Gordon Guyatt, John C Marshall, Richard Hall, John Muscedere, Francois Lauzier, Lehana Thabane, Mohammed Alshahrani, Shane W English, Yaseen M Arabi, Adam M Deane, Tim Karachi, Bram Rochwerg, Simon Finfer, Nick Daneman, Nicole Zytaruk, Diane Heel-Ansdell, Deborah Cook, On Behalf Of
INTRODUCTION: Clinicians routinely administer stress ulcer prophylaxis to mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), most commonly prescribing proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). However, the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from stress ulceration is low and recent observational studies suggest these agents may increase infections. Therefore, a large randomized clinical trial (RCT) is needed to inform modern practice. The aim of this multicenter pilot trial is to determine the feasibility of performing a large RCT to investigate the efficacy and safety of withholding intravenous pantoprazole...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920415/endoscopic-monopolar-cauterization-of-the-sphenopalatine-artery-a-single-surgeons-experience
#5
Haitham Odat, Mohannad Al-Qudah
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is one of the most common otolaryngology emergency conditions, and is usually treated conservatively by different types of nasal packs. A limited number of patients continue to bleed even with tightly fitted anterior and posterior packs in the nose. Such intractable epistaxis is managed by surgery or embolization. OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the use and outcomes of endoscopic suction monopolar cauterization of the sphenopalatine artery. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920414/morbidity-and-mortality-and-predictors-of-outcome-following-hepatectomy-at-a-saudi-tertiary-care-center
#6
Faisal Al-Alem, Rafif Essam Mattar, Ola Abdelmonem Fadl, Abdulsalam Alsharabi, Faisal Al-Saif, Mazen Hassanain
BACKGROUND: Hepatic resection is a major surgical procedure. Data on outcomes of hepatectomy in Saudi Arabia are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To measure morbidity and mortality and assess predictors of outcome after hepatectomy. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia with well established hepatobiliary surgery unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing liver resection in our institute during 2006-2014...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920413/retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-a-healthy-turkish-population-measured-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#7
Mehmet Cubuk, Nedime Sahinoglu-Keskek, Sakir Ozgur Keskek
BACKGROUND: Normative optical coherence tomography (OCT) data is required for different subsets of the population as ethnic differences in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness have been reported. An OCT database for the normal Turkish population is not commercially available. OBJECTIVES: Quantify peripapillary RNFL thickness in a Turkish population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. SETTING: Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920412/leptin-and-calorie-intake-among-different-nicotine-dependent-groups
#8
Muhammad Zulhusni Suhaimi, Zulkefli Sanip, Hamid Jan Jan, Harmy Mohamed Yusoff
BACKGROUND: Exposure to nicotine via tobacco smoking may influence leptin release and decrease food intake among smokers. However, the effect of nicotine exposure on leptin and food intake among different nicotine dependent groups is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to measure leptin and calorie intake among different nicotine dependent groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Research department in school of medical sciences...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920411/glycemic-indices-glycemic-load-and-glycemic-response-for-seventeen-varieties-of-dates-grown-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Metab Ali AlGeffari, Ebtehal Solaiman Almogbel, Homaidan Turki Alhomaidan, Ragab El-Mergawi, Issam Alsaed Barrimah
BACKGROUND: Dates are consumed worldwide, and are an important fruit for many individuals in Saudi Arabia. Currently, limited information is available on the glycemic indices of different date varieties. OBJECTIVES: To determine the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL) and glycemic response for 17 common date varieties in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial on healthy subjects. SETTING: College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920410/a-novel-splice-site-mutation-in-the-aspm-gene-underlies-autosomal-recessive-primary-microcephaly
#10
Jamil A Hashmi, Khalid M Al-Harbi, Khushnooda Ramzan, Alia M Albalawi, Amir Mehmood, Mohammed I Samman, Sulman Basit
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Patients with MCPH exhibit reduced occipito-frontal head circumference and non-progressive intellectual disability. To date, 17 genes have been known as an underlying cause of MCPH in humans. ASPM (abnormal spindle-like, microcephaly associated) is the most commonly mutated MCPH gene. OBJECTIVE: Identify the genetic defect underlying MCPH in a Saudi family...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920409/prevalence-of-igg-mediated-food-intolerance-among-patients-with-allergic-symptoms
#11
Zahid Shakoor, Abrar AlFaifi, Bayan AlAmro, Lama Nabil AlTawil, Rana Yazid AlOhaly
BACKGROUND: Food intolerance mediated by food specific IgG antibodies has been implicated in a variety of disorders. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of food specific IgG antibodies among patients clinically presenting with allergic symptoms lacking laboratory evidence of allergy. DESIGN: Descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh between 2010-2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were screened for food specific IgG antibodies...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920408/asthma-and-other-allergic-diseases-among-saudi-schoolchildren-in-najran-the-need-for-a-comprehensive-intervention-program
#12
Jobran M Alqahtani
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, an increasing incidence of allergic diseases has been associated with increasing morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in the southwestern Saudi region of Najran, and to determine the sensitization of patients to a set of allergens. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710991/identification-of-gout-in-unusual-sites-by-dual-energy-computed-tomography
#13
Suqing Xu, Fen Li, Xi Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710990/coexistence-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-polycythemia-vera-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Serdal Korkmaz, Sinan Kulakoglu, Hasan Gorkem, Bilal Aygun, Ali Cetinkaya
: Polycythemia vera is a Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a monoclonal expansion of a CD5+ CD19+ B lymphocytes. Chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms may coexist with indolent B-cell malignant lymphomas of various types. The association of chronic lymphocytic leukemia with polycythemia vera is a rare event with only a few cases of coexistence ever reported. We report a 56-year-old man in whom these two disorders were diagnosed concomitantly...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710989/the-impact-of-renal-angiomyolipoma-on-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#15
Raouf Seyam, Waleed Al Khudair, Said A Kattan, Mohammed Faihan Al, Fawaz Skaff, Waleed Mohamad AlTaweel
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern that renal impairment may develop in patients with renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) as a consequence of the disease itself and/or the interventions to mitigate the risk of hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE: To assess the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with bilateral renal AMLs and the impact of tumor burden and intervention on renal function. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710988/outcome-of-loop-versus-divided-colostomy-in-the-management-of-anorectal-malformations
#16
Osama Ibrahim Almosallam, Ali Aseeri, Saud Al Shanafey
BACKGROUND: Colostomy is a common part of the management of high anorectal malformation (ARM) in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the type of colostomy (loop vs divided) has an impact on outcome in patients with ARM. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who were managed with colostomy for ARM and had definitive repair during the period of January 2000 to December 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710987/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-geriatric-malnutrition-in-an-outpatient-clinic-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#17
Sami Hamdan Alzahrani, Ismail Abdelmoneim El Sayed, Sarah Mohammed Alshamrani
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent among the elderly and is associated with poor clinical prognosis, decreased functional status, and increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of geriatric malnutrition among outpatients of a geriatric clinic and to determine factors associated with malnutrition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic of the King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710986/the-epidemiology-of-pituitary-adenomas-in-a-community-based-hospital-a-retrospective-single-center-study-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Khalid S Aljabri, Samia A Bokhari, Faisal Y Assiri, Muneera A Alshareef, Patan M Khan
BACKGROUND: Data on pituitary adenoma (PA) prevalence in Saudi Arabia are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the epidemiology of PA in a well-defined population. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Departments of Endocrinology and Radiology at King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Radiological and hormonal data of patients with pituitary adenoma by MRI were reviewed for the period January 2008 to December 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710985/fasting-plasma-glucose-levels-and-coronary-artery-calcification-in-subjects-with-impaired-fasting-glucose
#19
Young-Mi Eun, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). While the association of impaired glucose tolerance with CVD has been shown in many studies, the relationship between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and CVD remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores of participants with normal fasting glucose versus those with IFG, according to fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels, and to assess whether differences in CAC scores were independent of important confounders...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710984/the-effect-of-parturient-height-on-the-median-effective-dose-of-intrathecally-administered-ropivacaine
#20
Xiangdi Yu, Fangxiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pain during cesarean delivery is one of the more common reasons for a successful medicolegal claim. However, creating an extensive block area can result in hypotension, so determining the precise dose of local anesthetic is critical. OBJECTIVES: Investigate effects of parturient height on the median effective dose (ED50) of intrathecally-administered ropivacaine. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional analytic study. SETTING: Anesthesiology department in a provinicial hospital in China...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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