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Annals of Saudi Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377549/comment-on-comparison-of-the-results-of-ultraso-nographic-evaluation-and-arthroscopy-in-patients-scheduled-for-surgery-of-the-supraspinatus-tendon-rupture
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377548/solitary-osteochondroma-of-the-proximal-femur-causing-sciatic-nerve-compression
#2
Fahad Aldashash, Muhamed Elraie
Osteochondromas (OC) are the most common benign tumors of the bones. They are most frequently found near the knee joint and are typically asymptomatic. The presence of OC near the hip joint is rare. In addition, OC is an extremely uncommon cause of sciatica. We present a rare case of OC of the proximal femur. The patient presented with left hip pain and manifestations of sciatic nerve compression. Surgical excision was performed. The diagnosis was confirmed postoperatively by histopathology. SIMILAR CASES PUBLISHED: 1...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377547/the-use-of-an-illuminated-retractor-in-cochlear-implantation-a-comparative-retrospective-study
#3
Eman Alrashidi, Fida Abdulaziz Almuhawas, Abdulrahman Hagr, Soha Garadat
BACKGROUND: Minimal access surgery has been promoted to reduce the surgical duration and complications of cochlear implant (CI) surgery. A requirement of minimal access surgery is adequate visualization of the surgical cavities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a new light-integrated surgical retractor reduced CI surgical time. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. SETTING: Tertiary referral otolaryngology clinic...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377546/high-prevalence-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-saudi-patients-with-normal-myocardial-perfusion
#4
Ahmed L Fathala, Salwa Q Bukhari, Mohamed Shoukri, Hani El Sergani, Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Abdulaziz Al-Sugair
BACKGROUND: Normal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has a high negative predictive value for ischemic heart disease. Thus, the presence of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis detected by coronary artery calcification (CAC) score in patients who have under-gone SPECT MPI is unknown. OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in patients with normal SPECT MPI and examine the association of CAC with conventional coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377545/a-novel-wdr62-mutation-causes-primary-microcephaly-in-a-large-consanguineous-saudi-family
#5
Muhammad Imran Naseer, Mahmood Rasool, Sameera Sogaty, Rukhaa Adeel Chaudhary, Haifa Mansour Mansour, Adeel G Chaudhary, Adel M Abuzenadah, Mohammad H Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a rare developmental defect characterized by impaired cognitive functions, retarded neurodevelopment and reduced brain size. It is genetically heterogeneous and more than 17 genes so far have been identified that are associated with this disease. OBJECTIVE: To study the genetic defect in a consanguineous Saudi family with primary microcephaly. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical genetics study of a Saudi family...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377544/anthropometry-of-arabian-nose-using-computed-tomography-scanning
#6
Sami Alharethy, Ibrahim Al-Quniabut, Yong Ju Jang
BACKGROUND: The nose plays a critical role in determining the external appearance of an individual. We studied the craniofacial anthropometrics by CT scanning since previous studies in the field were conducted in Saudi populations using photometric analysis. OBJECTIVES: Obtain objective and quantitative data that can help surgeons plan cosmetic procedures for the nose. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytical study. SETTING: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from February 2015 to December 2015...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377543/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-solid-organ-transplantation-incidence-before-and-after-expanded-isoniazid-prophylaxis
#7
Suad Mohamed Al-Mukhaini, Hassan Al-Eid, Fatima Alduraibi, Hanan Ibrahim Hakami, Haifa Al Talhi, Mohamed Shoukri, Ahmed M Ahmed, Yusuf Ahmed, Abdulrahman A Alrajhi
BACKGROUND: The risk of tuberculosis is increased in solid organ transplantation. Rates remain high in developed and developing countries. We developed protocols to better identify transplant recipients at risk of tuberculosis and initiate interventions to prevent tuberculosis. OBJECTIVES: Report tuberculosis incidence in solid-organ transplant recipients and the results of expanded isoniazid prophylaxis in deceased-donor renal transplantation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study, comparing two time periods...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377542/myelopathy-associated-with-age-related-cervical-disc-herniation-a-retrospective-review-of-magnetic-resonance-images
#8
Nosaiba Tawfik Al-Ryalat, Saif Aldeen Saleh, Walid Sulaiman Mahafza, Osama Ahmad Samara, Abdee Tawfiq Ryalat, Azmy Mohammad Al-Hadidy
BACKGROUND: Cervical intervertebral disc herniation can lead to myelopathy. Aging is an established variable related to spondylotic myelopathy. Studying this association will help in controlling the increase in spondylotic myelopathy with age. OBJECTIVES: To study the association between cervical disc level, its direction, and the frequency of my-elopathy with age, and to assess the epidemiology of age-related cervical disc herniation and myelopathy. DESIGN: Retrospective review of magnetic resonance (MR) images...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377541/depression-and-associated-factors-in-hospitalized-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-teaching-hospital
#9
Sultan Hassan Alamri, Abdulaziz Ihsan Bari, Abdulrahman Talal Ali
BACKGROUND: Depression in the elderly is a serious and often underdiagnosed psychiatric disorder that has been linked to adverse outcomes in the hospital setting. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of depression and possible associated factors among hospitalized elderly. DESIGN: An analytical cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Medical and surgical wards of King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 200 consecutively hospitalized patients aged 60 years and older...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377540/the-prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-in-high-school-adolescents-in-jeddah-and-the-association-of-obesity-association-with-dental-caries
#10
Deema Jamil Farsi, Heba Mohammed Elkhodary
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight/obesity in children in Saudi Arabia is among the highest in the world. The prevalence of dental caries is also high in Saudi children. Studies on the relationship between caries and obesity in Saudi adolescents are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of overweight/obesity in adolescents, and determine any association between obesity and caries. DESIGN: An analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Private and public schools in Jeddah...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377539/trends-in-overweight-or-obesity-and-other-anthropometric-indices-in-adults-aged-18-60-years-in-western-saudi-arabia
#11
Firas Sultan Azzeh, Hassan Mazzhar Bukhari, Eslam Ahmed Header, Mai Adil Ghabashi, Salma Saad Al-Mashi, Nafeesah Mohammed Noorwali
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased considerably in Saudi Arabia in the past two decades. We conducted this study because to examine trends in weight gain with age and related anthropometric measurements in Saudi Arabia such data are limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in overweight and obesity and examine anthropometric indices by age group. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Universities, malls, and hospitals in the cities of Mecca, Jeddah, and Al-Taif...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377538/asthma-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-or-all-cause-mortality-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Mingzhu Xu, Jialiang Xu, Xiangjun Yang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that asthma might be associated with an increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death. However, this relationship differs by gender. OBJECTIVES: To systematically evaluate the association of asthma on the incidence of CVD and death in cohort studies. DESIGN: Fixed and random effects models were used to calculate risk estimates in a meta-analysis. Potential publication bias was calculated using a funnel plot, Begg's rank correlation test, and Egger's linear regression test...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151462/metastases-of-malignant-melanoma-on-the-skin-of-the-abdomen-and-thorax-imitating-herpes-zoster
#13
Beata Bergler-Czop, Ligia Brzezinska-Wcislo, Bartosz Miziolek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151461/a-rare-case-of-erdheim-chester-disease-in-the-breast
#14
Razan F Binyousef, Aboelkhair M Al-Gahmi, Zahid Rahman Khan, Elham Rawah
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is rare non-Langerhans histiocytosis with distinctive radiologic and pathologic entities. We report a rare case of which ECD was involving the breast with only eight similar cases reported in the English literature. Our patient was a 52-year-old female patient with ECD involving the breast, mesentery, left kidney, retroperitoneum and the skeleton. The diagnosis was based on distinctive imaging and histopathological findings. The patient received a new novel treatment as part of a clinical trial in the United States and showed clinical and radiological improvement...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151460/advancing-nursing-practice-the-emergence-of-the-role-of-advanced-practice-nurse-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Denise Hibbert, Ahmad E Aboshaiqah, Kathy A Sienko, Debra Forestell, Adel W Harb, Shadia A Yousuf, Patricia W Kelley, Patricia F Brennan, Laura Serrant, Alison Leary
BACKGROUND: The roots of advanced practice nursing (APN) can be traced back to the 1890s, but the nurse practitioner (NP) emerged in Western countries during the 1960s in response to the unmet healthcare needs of populations in rural areas. These early NPs utilized the medical model of care to assess, diagnose and treat. Nursing has since grown as a profession, with its own unique and distinguishable, holistic, science-based knowledge, which is complementary within the multidisciplinary team...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151459/effect-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-on-lung-function-and-inflammatory-mediatorsin-partly-controlled-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ayad Mohammed Salem, Abdullah Omar Bamosa, Hatem Othman Qutub, Rakesh Kumar Gupta, Ahmed Badar, Abdelsalam Elnour, Muhammad Nasir Afzal
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa and its derivatives have been reported to have anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator effects, but the effects have been evaluated in only a few clinical studies. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of N sativa supplementation on inflammation of the airways and limitation of airflow in partly controlled asthma patients. DESIGN: Single-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. SETTING: Asthma and allergy clinic of a university hospital in eastern Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151458/effect-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-over-a-one-year-period-on-lipid-levels-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-receiving-oral-hypoglycemic-agents-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#17
Ahmed Badar, Huda Kaatabi, Abdullah Bamosa, Abdulmohsen Al-Elq, Bodour Abou-Hozaifa, Fatma Lebda, Akram Alkhadra, Sameeh Al-Almaie
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia are at a high risk of cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of Nigella sativa supplementation on the lipid profile, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate in persons with type 2 diabetes on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA). DESIGN: Single-blind, nonrandomized. SETTING: Diabetes clinic of a university hospital in Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Type-2 diabetic patients were recruited by purposive sampling and assigned to treatment or control at the discretion of the investigator with the patient blinded to treatment...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151457/effectiveness-of-stapedotomy-in-improving-hearing-sensitivity-for-53-otosclerotic-patients-retrospective-review
#18
Farid Alzhrani, Mohammad M Mokhatrish, Murad O Al-Momani, Hassan Alshehri, Abdulrahman Hagr, Soha N Garadat
BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is a common cause of progressive hearing impairment that causes fixation of the stapes. Surgical intervention is the preferred treatment approach to ameliorate the conductive hearing loss associated with stapedial otosclerosis. However, given that it is a difficult and delicate procedure, the surgery may fail for a number of reasons. Therefore, it is very important to evaluate the success rate of the surgical approach used in each regional center. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of stapedotomy in improving hearing sensitivity for otosclerotic patients at King Abdul Aziz University Hospital in Riyadh...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151456/comparison-of-two-approaches-to-lateral-osteotomy-in-saudi-patients
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ahmad A Mirza, Osama A Marglani, Mian U Farooq, Talal A Al-Khatib, Waed S Jameel, Noran A Sultan, Mohammed S Aly
BACKGROUND: Nasal deformity is an abnormality in the appearance of the nose due to either congenital defect or trauma. In traumatic cases, patients often present with combined functional and cosmetic complaints. Therefore, otolaryngologists take into account both breathing and aesthetic nasal issues. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in the nasal dorsum and base; compare breathing and aesthetic satisfaction scores between two approaches to lateral nasal osteotomy: low-to-low and low-to-high...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151455/association-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-drb1-with-anti-cyclic-citrullinated-peptide-autoantibodies-in-saudi-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Abdullah Alrogy, Abduallah Dirar, Waleed Alrogy, Hana Fakhoury, Ali Hajeer
BACKGROUND: The genetic association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 alleles and the risk of development of autoantibodies has been investigated, but there are few studies from the Gulf region. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between the HLA-DRB1 shared epitope and the risk for development of autoantibodies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in a Saudi population. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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