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Annals of Saudi Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620550/cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-after-turbinate-submucosal-diathermy-an-unusual-complication
#1
Abdulaziz H Abobotain, Abdulrazag Ajlan, Saad Alsaleh
Submucosal diathermy of the inferior turbinate (SMDIT) is a generally safe procedure to control inferior turbinate hypertrophy. We present a case of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak at the craniocervical junction after SMDIT done in another institution. A 27-year-old man presented 3 weeks after undergoing SMDIT with signs and symptoms of meningitis and postnasal rhinorrhea. Nasal endoscopy and imaging revealed a nasopharyngeal CSF fistula at the craniocervical junction. Transnasal endoscopic repair and reconstruction was performed with no recurrence on repeat imaging and clinical follow up...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620549/turnover-among-filipino-nurses-in-ministry-of-health-hospitals-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-recommendations-for-improvement
#2
Khalid Abdullah Aljohani, Omar Alomari
BACKGROUND: Nurse turnover is a critical challenge for healthcare organizations as it results in a decreasing nurse/patient ratio and increasing costs. AIM: Identify factors influencing the termination of Filipino nurses in Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals and record nurse recommendations to improve retention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Data was gathered from a convenience sample of Filipino nurses with previous experience in MOH hospitals in Saudi Arabia who attended recruitment interviews at the Saudi employment office in Manila...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620548/age-at-presentation-of-undescended-testicles-a-single-center-study-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Ossamah S Alsowayan, Jumanah H Basalelah, Abdullah M Alzahrani, Abdulaziz M Alshaibani, Nasser S Alalyani, Turki A Alsubiani, Maha Khalid AlMadi
BACKGROUND: The undescended testis (UDT) is the most common genital anomaly encountered in pediatrics with an estimated incidence of 1% to 4% in full-term and 1% to 45% in preterm newborn boys. Over the years, studies on progressive histological deterioration and cancer risk has led to a change in recommendations for when orchidopexy should be done. OBJECTIVES: Determine age at presentation of patients for UDT to a specialist in Saudi Arabia, age of operation and whether the recommended targeted time frame has been met...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620547/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-sickle-cell-disease-patients-in-the-eastern-province-of-saudi-arabia
#4
Ali AlJama, Mohammed AlKhalifah, Ibrahim Abdulla Al-Dabbous, Ghada Alqudaihi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a major global health problem. In sickle cell disease (SCD), VDD is highly prevalent, reaching up to 96% of populations. VDD may contribute to many of the complications of SCD. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and the frequency of VDD and insufficiency among among SCD patients by age group and disease status. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional. SETTING: Ministry of Health (MOH) secondary care hospital...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620546/comparison-of-cochlear-duct-length-between-the-saudi-and-non-saudi-populations
#5
Alaa Alanazi, Farid Alzhrani
BACKGROUND: There are no data on cochlear duct lengths (CDL) among Middle East populations. OBJECTIVES: The main aims of this study were to estimate the average CDL in the Saudi population and to compare it with the reported CDL in other regions/ethnic groups outside the Middle East. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary otolaryngology head and neck surgery center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Temporal bone CT scans were reviewed to determine CDL...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620545/endobronchial-biopsy-in-the-final-diagnosis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-a-clinicopathological-study
#6
Maria Abdulrahim Arafah, Emad Raddaoui, Faisal Al Kassimi, Esam H Alhamad, Ahmed Amer Alboukai, Ahlam Abdullah Alshedoukhy, Abderrahman Ouban
BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are chronic conditions with an increasing prevalence in developing countries. The evaluation of endobronchial biopsies has emerged as a tool to differentiate between both conditions via the measurement of the reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickness with various conclusions drawn from different studies. OBJECTIVES: Compare the thickness of the RBM between asthma and COPD and evaluate other histomorphological features in both groups...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620544/elevated-fasting-blood-glucose-but-not-obesity-is-associated-with-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-undergoing-elective-coronary-angiography-in-a-referral-hospital-in-jordan
#7
Abdel-Ellah Al-Shudifat, Mohammed Azab, Asgeir Johannessen, Amjad Al-Shdaifat, Lana M Agraib, Reema F Tayyem
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its metabolic complications are endemic in the Middle East, but the cardiovascular consequences are not well defined in local studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between fasting blood glucose (FBG), obesity and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Jordan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, hospital-based study. SETTING: A referral hospital in Amman, Jordan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with complete anthropomorphic data who were referred for elective coronary angiography were included in the analysis...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620543/outcomes-of-common-general-surgery-procedures-for-patients-discharged-over-weekends-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Ibrahim T Albabtain, Roaa S Alsuhaibani, Sami A Almalki, Hassan A Arishi, Hatim A Alsulaim
BACKGROUND: Hospitals usually reduce staffing levels and services over weekends. This raises the question of whether patients discharged over a weekend may be inadequately prepared and possibly at higher risk of adverse events post-discharge. OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcomes of common general surgery procedures for patients discharged over weekends, and to identify the key predictors of early readmission. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620542/donor-specific-hla-dq-antibodies-may-contribute-to-poor-graft-outcome-after-heart-transplantation
#9
Osama Omrani, Moheeb Alawwami, Jehad Buraiki, Nedim Selimovic
BACKGROUND: HLA-DQ donor-specific antibodies (DSA) are implicated in allograft dysfunction after renal and lung transplantation. Limited data exists on the impact of HLA-DQ antibodies on heart transplant patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of DSA formation on allograft function and outcomes in heart transplant patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Collating post-transplantation patient data from computerized database in a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from January 2006 to October 2014...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620541/screening-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-health-care-workers-working-in-hajj-pilgrimage-area-in-saudi-arabia-using-interferon-gamma-release-assay-and-tuberculin-skin-test
#10
Zakeya A Bukhary, Soliman M Amer, Magdy M Emara, Mohammad E Abdalla, Sahar A Ali
BACKGROUND: Interferon gamma release assays (IGRA) is highly specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is the preferred test in BCG-vaccinated individuals. The few studies that have screened health care workers (HCWs) in Saudi Arabia for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) using IGRA have varied in agreement with the traditional tuberculin skin test (TST). OBJECTIVE: Assess the prevalence of LTBI among HCWs working in the Hajj pilgrimage using IGRA and TST and measuring their agreement...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620540/reproductive-health-profile-and-circumcision-of-females-in-the-hali-semi-urban-region-saudi-arabia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Waleed Abdullah Milaat, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Hussain Mohammed Albar
BACKGROUND: Improving the reproductive health of females has be.come the focus of the developmental efforts of many nations. OBJECTIVES: To identify the reproductive health style of married females, and to determine the prevalence and predictors of circumcision among girls aged less than or equal 18 years in Hali semi-urban region. DESIGN: A cross-sectional household survey SETTING: Houses in Hali, Al-Qunfudhah governorate, western Saudi Arabia during 2017...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419529/the-endangered-clinician-investigator-profession-in-saudi-arabia-curricular-attention-is-required
#12
LETTER
Ahmed Abu-Zaid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419528/sleep-disorders-as-primary-and-secondary-factors-in-relation-with-daily-functioning-in-medical-students
#13
Deldar Morad Abdulah, Rasoul Sabri Piro
BACKGROUND: College students experience various types of sleep disorders that impact daily functioning. Previous studies have focused on the effect of one sleep disorder. OBJECTIVE: Examine factors that might relate to several sleep disorders and the impacts of sleep disorders on the daily functioning in medical students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Medical college. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A random sample of medical students from a public university was invited to participate in a cross-sectional study using the structured SLEEP-50 self-reported questionnaire...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419527/nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-in-saudi-arabia-single-center-experience
#14
Sarah Abdullah AlSalman, Tuqa Morad Alkaff, Tariq Alzaid, Yousef Binamer
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is the most common cancer worldwide; one in every three diagnosed malignancies is a skin cancer. However, skin cancer is rarely reported in Saudi Arabia so we conducted this study to highlight these underreported neoplasms. OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence and patterns of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the most common types of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) with respect to age, sex, and anatomic location and to identify potentially associated risk factors...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419526/descemet-stripping-automated-endothelialkeratoplasty-dsaek-versus-repeat-penetrating-keratoplasty-pkp-to-manage-eyes-with-failed-corneal-graft
#15
Abdulrahman Khairallah
BACKGROUND: Failed corneal graft management is a challenge. Descemet stripping automated endothe.lial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and repeat penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) are two options. Only two studies have compared outcomes of DSAEK and PKP in the management of a failed graft. OBJECTIVE: To compare the visual outcomes, changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and complications in eyes with failed corneal grafts that were subsequently managed with DSAEK and PKP. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419525/psychometric-arabic-sino-nasal-outcome-test-22-validation-and-translation-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients
#16
Fatma Alanazy, Surayie Al Dousary, Ahmed Albosaily, Turki Aldriweesh, Saad Alsaleh, Turki Aldrees
BACKGROUND: The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22 has multiple items that reflect how nasal disease affects quality of life. Currently, no validated Arabic version of the SNOT-22 is available. OBJECTIVE: . To develop an Arabic-validated version of SNOT-22. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT AND METHODS: This single-center validation study was conducted between 2015 and 2017 at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419524/delirium-and-correlates-of-delirium-among-newly-admitted-elderly-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-general-hospital
#17
Sultan Hassan Alamri, Obay Ahmed Ashanqity, Ahmad Belgeth Alshomrani, Abdelrahman Haytham Elmasri, Muaadh Badr Saeed, Sultan Ahmed Yahya, Abdulhakeem Ibraheem Almasoud, Youssouf Adam, Hani Mohammed Alamoudi, Abdel Moniem Mukhtar
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common, often undiagnosed disorder in elderly patients, but no studies have been conducted in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of delirium among elderly patients on admission and to identify associated factors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Elderly patients were evaluated for delirium within 24 hours of admission using the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM)...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419523/association-between-the-mode-of-transport-and-in-hospital-medical-complications-in-trauma-patients-findings-from-a-level-i-trauma-center-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Nawfal Aljerian, Saleh Alhaidar, Ali Alothman, Wijdan AlJohi, Faisal Abdullah Albaqami, Suliman Abdullah Alghnam
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, injury is the leading cause of death. Even if nonfatal, the impact of injuries on population health is enormous, as thousands of young patients suffer permanent disabilities every year. Unlike in developed countries, private transportation (PT) is a common means to transport trauma patients. Outcome differences between patients transported via PT relative to emergency medical services (EMS) has not been previously explored. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between transportation mode and in-hospital complications among trauma patients...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419522/gender-differences-in-mortality-among-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-in-malaysia-from-2006-to-2013
#19
Nurliyana Juhan, Yong Z Zubairi, A S Zuhdi, Zarina Mohd Khalid, Wan Azman Wan
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of death in Malaysia. However, the prevalence of CAD in males is higher than in females and mortality rates are also different between the two genders. This suggest that risk factors associated with mortality between males and females are different, so we compared the clinical characteristics and outcome between male and female STEMI patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify the risk factors associated with mortality for each gender and compare differences, if any, among ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313528/b-cell-aplasia-and-hypogammaglobulinemia-associated-with-levetiracetam
#20
Hulya Ozdemir, Sua Sumer, Hakan Karabagli, Gokhan Akdemir, A Zafer Caliskaner, Hasibe Artac
Levetiracetam (LEV) is a second-generation antiepileptic drug approved for the treatment of several types of epilepsy. We report a 45-year-old female who developed hypogammaglobulinemia and B cell aplasia during LEV treatment. The Naranjo probability score for an adverse drug reaction was 6. After LEV discontinuation, the number of B cells gradually increased and reached normal levels within two months. This case suggests that monitoring of immunoglobulin levels and lymphocyte subsets analysis is important in patients treated with LEV, especially in cases of prolonged infections...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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