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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632496/clustering-of-chronic-diseases-risk-factors-among-adolescents-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-sousse-tunisia
#1
Emna Dendana, Rim Ghammem, Jihene Sahli, Jihen Maatoug, Sihem Ben Fredj, Imed Harrabi, Molka Chaieb, Hassen Ghannem
Background The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity and nutritional behavior intervention, on the reduction of clustering of chronic diseases risk factors among school children. Materials and methods A quasi-experimental school-based intervention was conducted with an intervention group and a control group in the region of Sousse in Tunisia. The intervention was implemented between 2010 and 2013, with data collected at pre and at post intervention. Studied risk factors were: smoking, sedentary behavior, low fruit and vegetable intake and obesity...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632495/sad-and-lonely-body-dissatisfaction-among-adolescent-girls
#2
Renata Forste, Marina Potter, Lance Erickson
Purpose To further understand the association between body dissatisfaction and sadness/loneliness among adolescent girls, we examine how this association, as reported by pre-teen and adolescent girls, is mediated or moderated by the quality of peer and family relationships. Methods Our data are from the Health Behavior of School-Aged Children 2009-2010, a nationally representative survey of school-aged children in the US. We analyze a sample of 5658 girls in Grades 5 through 10. We utilize ordinary least squares (OLS) regression techniques and adjust for the complex sampling design...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628479/chronic-pain-in-high-school-students-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sleeping-hours-but-not-with-screen-time
#3
Anabela G Silva, Pedro Sá Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto, Nelson P Rocha
Background Existing studies on the association between physical activity (PA), screen based time and sleeping show conflicting results. Objective This study investigates the association between chronic pain at different body regions and self-reported PA, screen based time and sleeping hours in high school students. Subjects A total of 969 students aged 13-19 years old. Methods Participants completed a questionnaire on chronic pain, time spent in moderate and vigorous PA, screen based time watching televivsion (TV)/digital versatile discs (DVD), playing, using mobile phones and computers and sleeping hours...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628478/reducing-barriers-to-primary-school-education-for-girls-in-rural-kenya-reusable-pads-intervention
#4
Winnie Mucherah, Kendra Thomas
Purpose The current study explored girls' perceptions of the impact of sanitary pads' intervention on their school attendance and grades. Methods Participants included 150 girls in 6th, 7th, and 8th grade in two rural schools in Kenya. Participants completed a questionnaire on menstrual health issues and the perceived impact on school attendance and academic performance. Results Results indicated that of all participants (150), those who had passed menarche and had cloth pads had similar comfort levels at school as those who had not yet had their period...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628477/is-age-of-menarche-among-school-girls-related-to-academic-performance
#5
Radhia Al-Mathkoori, Ula Nur, Abdullah Al-Taiar
Background There is strong evidence that the mean age of menarche has declined over the last few decades in developed and developing countries. This is of a major concern because of its enormous public health implications. This study aimed to estimate the age of menarche in Kuwait and investigate the association between menarcheal age and academic performance among high school girls in Kuwait. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected female high school students from private and public high schools in all governorates in Kuwait...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#6
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614051/cardiac-anomalies-and-associated-comorbidities-in-a-large-adolescent-population
#7
Daniel Lyon Fink, Yossy Machluf, Rivka Farkash, Giora Weisz, Avinoam Pirogovsky, Orna Tal, David Dagan, Yoram Chaiter
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, secular trends and associations of heart disease in a large unscreened, otherwise basically healthy, adolescent population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the cardiac status of 113,694 adolescents from the northern district of Israel, who completed the profiling process between the ages of 16 and 19, including all essential measures over a 22-year period. Results of imaging were categorized as either isolated valvar or structural abnormalities, and their clinically significant subgroups defined prospectively...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598807/renal-lymphangiectasia-treated-with-percutaneous-drainage-and-sclerotherapy
#8
Sunirmal Choudhury, Kartik Sridhar, Dilip Kumar Pal
Renal lymphangiectasia is a rare benign condition of the lymphatic system. Primarily, the diagnosis is based upon characteristic imaging findings along with biochemical analysis of aspirated fluid. No definitive algorithm exists for treating this condition owing to its rarity. The literature describes various modes of management ranging from conservative management to nephrectomies. We present a case of bilateral renal lymphangiectasia managed with percutaneous drainage along with sclerotherapy. Our initial findings show a favorable outcome with this approach...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598806/parent-educators-for-teenage-smoking-behavior
#9
Lucky Herawati, Johan Arief Budiman, Choirul Hadi, Abdul Khair
Background Several studies have shown that there is a significant relationship between teenagers and parental smoking behavior. This study was to empower parent (smokers and non-smokers) to raise parents' concern, to describe teenagers' knowledge about smoking and its dangers, to reduce the status of teenage smoking behavior, and to decrease the number of cigarettes smoked/day. Methods This was a quasi-experimental study, with a pretest-posttest group design. The respondents were 649 students from the 8th grade in junior high schools from three provinces in Indonesia divided into two intervention groups and one control group...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598805/meningococcal-disease-awareness-and-meningoccocal-vaccination-among-greek-students-planning-to-travel-abroad
#10
Androula Pavli, Panagiotis Katerelos, Helena C Maltezou
Objective Students living in dormitories are at increased risk for meningococcal disease. Our aim was to evaluate Greek students planning to study abroad about their level of meningococcal disease awareness and attitudes and practices towards meningococcal vaccination. Methods We studied 231 Greek ERASMUS students using a questionnaire. Results Students had a mean number of 4.1 correct answers out of six questions. In particular 66.5% 79.3%, 72.3% and 82.3% of them answered correctly about the etiology, transmission, epidemiology and treatment of meningococcal disease, respectively...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598804/pubertal-gynecomastia-years-of-progress-the-hacettepe-experience
#11
Sinem Akgül, Orhan Derman, Nuray Kanbur
Gynecomastia is defined as an enlargement of the male breast. Although it is commonly seen during puberty, it is often overlooked by many physicians. As adolescent medicine specialists, we believe there is a gap in the literature concerning both the etiology and maybe more importantly the care of these adolescents. Thus, we have been dedicated to conducting research on this topic. The aim of this review article was to evaluate the studies concerning pubertal gynecomastia that took place at the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hacettepe University, published between the years 2003 and 2016...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598803/bicycle-and-helmet-use-of-adolescents-in-markham-canada
#12
Michael Borean, Stephanie Ho, Drew Hollenberg, Tharani Anpalagan, Anna Rzepka, Jaclyn Viehweger, Christopher Ho, Isaac Rigby, Ronald Chow
Bicycle crashes are the second most common sports- or recreation-associated cause of serious injury. While the literature suggests that wearing protective helmets can significantly decrease risks associated with bicycle-related injuries, overall helmet use remains sub-optimal. A recent study by Chow et al. suggested that helmet-wearing rates in adolescent boys are negatively correlated with age. The aim of this study was to determine if similar trends are observed in a co-educational high school setting. A questionnaire was circulated at Unionville High School, a co-ed public high school in Markham, Canada...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598802/factors-contributing-to-intentional-injuries-in-iranian-university-students
#13
Kobra Abedian Kasgary, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background Intentional injuries refer to injuries resulting from purposeful human action, whether directed at oneself or others. This study was performed to assess intentional injuries in Iranian university students. Methods This cross-sectional study was carried out with 430 female and male university in three higher education institutions located in the northern part of Iran in the year 2015. Samples were chosen through the stratified cluster random sampling method. They were requested to fill out the demographic data form and the Persian version of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598801/improving-adolescent-access-and-services-in-a-large-primary-care-network-report-of-a-10-year-project
#14
Elizabeth M Alderman, Kim L Freeman, Katherine S Lobach
This report describes a decade long initiative to bring a unified approach and improved quality to the process and content of adolescent health care in a large and complex urban primary care network within an academic health system. The moving force was a voluntary multidisciplinary group who comprised the Montefiore Adolescent Primary Care Initiative, known as MAPCI, led by a physician subspecialist in Adolescent Medicine. A series of needs assessments formed the basis for a multipronged effort to create policies and procedures, educational activities and materials, changes in record-keeping and billing practices, and modification of staff attitudes and behavior that would enhance access and ensure confidentiality of services for the adolescent age group...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598800/associations-among-daytime-sleepiness-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-adolescents
#15
Boksun Yang, Kwisoon Choe, Youngrye Park, Youngmi Kang
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of daytime sleepiness on depression and suicidal ideation in adolescent high-school students. A survey of 538 high school students aged 16-17 years attending two academic schools was conducted. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Beck Depression Inventory and the Scale for Suicide Ideation were used to assess subjects' daytime sleepiness, depression and suicidal ideation. The mean score for daytime sleepiness was 8.52, which indicates a sleep deficit. Significant positive correlations were found between daytime sleepiness and depression, between daytime sleepiness and suicidal ideation and between depression and suicidal ideation...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598799/clinical-outcomes-of-an-inpatient-pediatric-obesity-treatment-program-in-the-usa
#16
Sharonda J Alston Taylor, Kimberly Rennie, Cindy Jon
Background When treating recalcitrant and severe childhood obesity, pharmaceutical options are limited and few patients qualify for bariatric surgery. A prolonged inpatient program serves as an alternative treatment. The purpose of this project was to describe the development of a medically supervised inpatient weight management program and evaluate its effectiveness. Methods This is a retrospective chart review of 18 patients [4-18 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 50.2 kg/m2] admitted to an inpatient pediatric weight management program from October 2011 through December 31, 2012 to evaluate the biometric, laboratory, sleep and behavioral changes that occurred from admission to discharge from the program...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598798/level-of-internet-use-among-greek-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Katerina Daniilidou, Panagiota Triantafyllou, Maria Resta, Meropi Dimitriadou, Athanasios Christoforidis
Background Compulsive Internet use has emerged as a contemporary addictive behavior. Our aim was to investigate the reasons for Greek adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and their families to use the Internet and additionally to investigate the level of Internet use and its associations to demographic, socio-economic parameters and glycemic control. Methods Patients with T1DM, aged >12 years and their parents were recruited during their regular visits to the Pediatric Diabetes Clinic. A similar group of healthy children, age- and sex-matched served as a control group...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598797/physical-fitness-and-obesity-levels-during-an-academic-year-followed-by-summer-holidays-an-issue-of-insufficient-time-for-physical-activity
#18
George Aphamis, Yiannakis Ioannou, Christoforos D Giannaki
Today, available time for physical activity has been continuously decreasing, whilst, school-time physical education (PE) classes appear to be the only real option for many adolescents to engage in physical activity and exercise. The aim of the present study was to investigate fitness and health related parameters over one academic year, and after the summer holidays for adolescents who do not engage in out-of-school physical activities. Participants were 153 students (age: 15-17 years; boys n = 86) who exercised only during PE (2 × 45-min periods per week)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598796/exploring-maternal-attitudes-towards-adolescent-contraception-implications-for-use-of-larc
#19
Danielle K O'Rourke-Suchoff, Kavita S Arora, Vanessa M Hildebrand, Mendel E Singer
Introduction Maternal attitudes have been shown to impact adolescent girls' sexual decision making and attitudes towards contraception. Given the potential for maternal influence on adolescent contraceptive use, we undertook an exploratory study of mothers' perceptions of the maternal role in adolescent contraceptive decision making, and maternal perceptions of long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) for adolescent girls. Materials and methods We utilized a mixed methods study design. Acceptability of contraceptive methods and attitudes towards adolescent contraceptive use were assessed using a paper survey of 162 mothers of girls aged 11-19 years in Cleveland, Ohio, USA...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586304/identification-of-common-words-to-improve-self-confidence-in-japanese-students-with-subthreshold-depression
#20
Kana Takahashi, Koki Takada, Aimi Inoue, Shotaro Ohno, Masaru Tanigawa, Yoshiaki Ishihara, Hiroyuki Uchida, Kazuki Hirao
Background Subthreshold depression (StD) is more common than major depressive disorder. Objective The study aimed to identify common words to improve self-confidence in Japanese university students with StD for developing a smartphone application to help those with StD. Methods In this cross-sectional study, words participants used to improve their self-confidence were gathered using self-report questionnaires in 154 university students in Japan. The words used to improve self-confidence were categorized using a computerized text analysis method based on the frequency of appearance...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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