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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Elluru Venkatesh, Mohammad Yousef Al Jemal, Abdullah Saleh Al Samani
Background The present scenario shows that waterpipe smoking, one of tobacco smoking methods, the practice off which dates back at least 400 year is appealing to the youth. Waterpipe tobacco smoking is frequently linked with nations of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) comprising Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon and Syria. The present study shows the socio-demographic characteristics, behavior and knowledge of youth towards waterpipe smoking. Recognizing these features may help emphasize intervention methods. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data about waterpipe smoking comprising sociodemographic, behavior, reasons and knowledge from 230 university students...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Aditi Khokhar, Sairaman Nagarajan, Yagnaram Ravichandran, Sheila Perez-Colon
Background Timely and periodic pubertal assessment in children is vital to identify puberty related disorders. Pediatricians need to have working knowledge of puberty time and tempo. Pediatric residency is an important platform to acquire physical examination skills including pubertal assessment. Objective An educational intervention for teaching pubertal assessment was piloted on pediatric residents at our institution. Methods The intervention comprised of interactive lecture series, ID badge size Tanner stage cards and Tanner posters placed in residents' continuity clinics...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sangeeta Kaur Singh, Lee Voon Kaen, Low Weng Hei, Amanda Villiers-Tuthill, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
Objective The objectives of this study were to investigate the patterns of alcohol consumption and ecological factors influencing those patterns in the Klang Valley. The study focuses on youth from the Chinese, Indian and Malay ethnic groups in Malaysia, resident in urban and semi-urban areas of the Klang Valley. Methods Data were collected with a combination of interviews and self-administered questionnaires available in Bahasa Malaysia and English were adapted from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sasanka Kumar Barua, Somor Jyoti Bora, Puskal Kumar Bagchi, Debanga Sarma, Mandeep Phukan, Saumar Jyoti Baruah, Thekampadum Puthenveetil Rajeev
Emphysematous infection of the urinary tract is a rapidly progressive, necrotizing infection which results into collection of gas and subsequent destruction of the tissues. Although very rare among general population, such necrotizing infection is common, particularly among those with compromised immune status. With the rising trend of people afflicted with diabetes mellitus globally, this fulminating infection may pose a serious threat to the medical fraternity. A high index of suspicion and abdominal CT scan usually helps to establish the diagnosis at an early stage and thereby facilitating aggressive antimicrobial therapy and percutaneous drainage where indicated...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Vishal Khandelwal, Sushma Khandelwal, Neetu Gupta, Ullal Anand Nayak, Namrata Kulshreshtha, Sudhindra Baliga
Background Hepatitis B virus infection is a general cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepato-cellular carcinoma worldwide. It is highly contagious. It is an important reason for morbidity and mortality in the Indian population. Oral health professionals are at the highest risk. Vaccination for hepatitis B can prevent this deadly disease. Methods The present study was designed to evaluate the degree of awareness, knowledge of hepatitis B infection and status of hepatitis B vaccination among dental students...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Fatemeh Abdi, Sara Esmaelzadeh Saeieh, Nasibeh Roozbeh, Mansoureh Yazdkhasti
Background The phenomenon of street children is a bio-psychological and social issue that not only harms children, but also endangers the health of a society. In line with the national programs for the development and promotion of street children's health in Iran, health policy making and essential strategies for this group of children will be presented in this paper. This paper will discuss the main issues and challenges of street children's health and, also, health policy and guidelines for this population...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Itai Ghersin, Lior H Katz
Background Gastric cancer occurs mainly in older patients, with a peak incidence over 60 years of age. It is relatively rare among younger individuals. However, the frequency of gastric cancer in young patients appears to be on the rise worldwide. Case presentation We report the case of a 19-year-old female soldier who, after a considerable diagnostic delay, was diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma. She is one of the youngest gastric adenocarcinoma patients ever reported in Israel. Conclusion This case should serve as a reminder that gastric carcinoma is a possible diagnosis even in young patients...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Jerson Mekoulou Ndongo, Peguy Brice Assomo Ndemba, Abdou Temfemo, Anasthase Dzudie Tamdja, Martin Hongieh Abanda, Elysée Claude Bika Lele, Ernest Tchoudjin, Wiliam Richard Guessogo, Louis-Georges Gassina, Samuel Honoré Mandengue
Background Physical Education and Sport (PES) is compulsory in Cameroonian education system. Cardiac accidents and sudden cardiac deaths (SCD) have been reported during PES examinations. This study aimed to contribute in the prevention of these cardiac accidents by studying pre- and post-exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) pattern modifications in apparently healthy school adolescents. Methods One hundred school adolescents without apparent heart disease [aged 18 ± 2 years; body mass index (BMI): 21.9 ± 2...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Corey H Basch, Sarah A MacLean, Philip Garcia
Objective One of the biggest contributors to distracted driving among young people in the United States is technology. The objective of this study was to describe distracted driving behaviors among college students, with a specific focus on attitudes towards and use of social media. Methods With written permission, a survey was adapted from the Distracted Driving Public Opinion Poll distributed by the National Safety Council. The survey comprised 43 questions assessing attitudes and behaviors. A total of 411 students enrolled in a personal health course were invited to complete the survey...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Kjersti Sirevåg, Kjersti J Ø Fløtten, Britt Nakstad, Aud Inger Hvideberg, Jan Petter Odden, Betty Van Roy
Background Akershus University Hospital has since 2012 worked systematically towards improving the process of transfer for adolescents from the Department for Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine (DPAM) to adult services in our hospital. Objective To improve the transfer process of adolescents we aimed at moving from a more administrative focus on transfers to a transition programme. The aim was both short-term and long-term gains, namely quality improvement of the healthcare we are providing and valued health promotion outcomes...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mohammad H Dabbaghmanesh, Tahereh Naderi, Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Hamidreza Tabatabaee
Background Metabolic syndrome (MS) in adolescents is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Objective The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of MS in 14-18-year-old girls. Methods This analytical case-control study was conducted on 3200 high school students with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS was confirmed by an endocrinologist after detection of clinical hyperandrogenism (acne, hirsutism and alopecia) and oligomenorrhea, rejection of hypothyroidism and hyperprolactinemia and performance of abdominal sonography...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Tuğba Kalyoncu, Deniz Argüz Çıldır, Burcu Özbaran
Trichotillomania is characterized by recurring hair pulling behavior and repeated attempts to decrease or stop the behavior. This behavior can cause a trichobezoar, which is a mass of hair found in the stomach. Patients with diagnosed celiac disease may have an urge to swallow their hair due to iron or folat deficiency, which is called pica. We report a case of an 11-year old girl with celiac disease who has had trichotillomania for a duration of 2 years, and required an operation due to residual gastric hair mass...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Samuel N Rodgers-Melnick, Tara J Griest Pell, Deforia Lane, Coretta Jenerette, Pingfu Fu, Seunghee Margevicius, Jane A Little
Background The Build, Educate, Advance, Transition, in Sickle cell disease (BEATS) music therapy program was developed to address health challenges faced by adolescents/young adults (AYA) with sickle cell disease (SCD) during the transition to adult medical care. Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of BEATS on self-efficacy, trust, knowledge about SCD, and adherence in adolescents/young adults (AYA) with SCD. Subjects Thirty AYA with SCD, 18-23 years old, recruited from an adult SCD clinic agreed to participate in four BEATS sessions over 1 year...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Najla S Dar-Odeh, Fatimah Ali Aleithan, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Mohammad H Al-Shayyab, Shaden O Abu-Hammad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
Objective This study aims at investigating factors affecting oral health patterns, attitudes and health risk behaviors among female university students. Methods An online questionnaire was distributed to female university students in Al Madinah in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Students were requested to answer questions on demographic data, oral hygiene practices, dental attendance, smoking history, practice of sports and body weight and height. Results Two hundred and fourteen students participated with age range of 18-31 years (mean = 21...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Nur Basirah Ghazali, Michael Steele, David Koh, Adi Idris
Disruption in circadian rhythm affects the production of inflammatory cytokines. Understanding how it behaves in diseased conditions is essential. Despite the role of the interleukin-1β (IL-1β), a potent inflammatory cytokine, in human diseases, little is known about the steady-state circadian rhythm of IL-1β in healthy individuals. This short study investigates the diurnal pattern of salivary IL-1β throughout the day in healthy young adults. Twelve participants provided saliva samples at various times throughout the day...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sahar Arab, Tayebe Ziaei, Nasser Behnampour, Elham Khoori
Background The university entrance exam or Konkoor is a determining event for the Iranian adolescents and their families. It is considered as the most important opportunity for adolescents for creating their ideal futures. Hence, regarding the importance of this exam and its accompanying pressures during the critical and stressful adolescence period, this study describes adolescents' perspective about what make them worried about the university entrance exam. Methods This study is based on responses of 500 high school female students to an open-ended question completed in their class...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Katelyn N G Long, Lisa H Gren, Paul M Long, Rachel Jaggi, Srabani Banik, Nicole L Mihalopoulos
Purpose Mental health disorders are a pressing issue among adolescents around the world, including in India. A better understanding of the factors related to poor mental health will allow for more effective and targeted interventions for Indian adolescents. Methods The Indian Adolescent Health Questionnaire (IAHQ), a validated questionnaire designed specifically for use in schools, was administered to approximately 1500 secondary students in three private urban Indian schools in 2012. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) module assessed mental health...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Adenike Adegbayi
The aim of the study is to add to the body of knowledge on less researched aspects of female adolescent health in Nigeria. It specifically explored the menarche or first period narratives of 136 young women, focusing on the contents of the discussion that ensued with whom they told when they first got their period using qualitative methodology. It also explores sources of premenstrual information and how the menstrual period is managed. The sample consisted of 136 undergraduate females in Redeemer's University, Ede, Nigeria...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Samuel N Hof, Ilyes Messoussi, Michiel T U Schuijt, Moniek C M de Goeij, Anton E Kunst
Objective This study aimed to investigate differences in healthcare seeking behaviour and barriers between students living in the parental home and those living on their own. Participants Five hundred and six second year students of the University of Amsterdam (UvA), interviewed in March and April 2015. Methods In a paper-and-pencil survey, questions were asked about the students' healthcare seeking behaviour and barriers. Differences according to residency were analysed with χ2-tests and regression models...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Fariba Alizadeh Sharajabad, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Introduction During recent years, special attention has been given to spiritual well-being and religious practice in the field of health. This study aimed to determine the predictors of life satisfaction among adolescent girls in Tabriz, Iran, 2015. Materials and methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on 520 female students studying in high schools who were selected using the cluster sampling method. Data collection was carried out through the questionnaires of socio-demographic characteristics, spiritual well-being (SWBS), religious practice (Arcury and colleagues) and life satisfaction (SWLS)...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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