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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731856/bullying-its-effects-on-attitude-towards-class-attendance-and-the-contribution-of-physical-and-dentofacial-features-among-adolescents-in-northern-nigeria
#1
Oguchi Chikaodi, Yahaya Abdulmanan, Adeyemi Tope Emmanuel, Jibril Muhammad, Modu Adam Mohammed, Akpasa Izegboya, Otuyemi Olayinka Donald, Sani Balarabe
Background Bullying is a worldwide problem with varying consequences. Victims of school bullying may be targeted for many reasons including their appearance. They may also fear school and have difficulties in concentration. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of bullying amongst adolescents in Kano, Northern Nigeria, the contribution of physical features and the perceived effect of bullying on their academic performance and school attendance. Subjects and methods Eight hundred and thirty-five students aged between 12 years and 17 years from eight randomly selected secondary schools in Kano, Nigeria took part in this study...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731855/seeking-sexual-health-information-professionals-novel-experiences-of-the-barriers-that-prevent-female-adolescents-seeking-sexual-health-information
#2
Kerry McKellar, Linda Little, Michael A Smith, Elizabeth Sillence
Objective Sexual health professionals are key stakeholders in implementing sexual health intervention programmes, yet their views are largely absent from the literature. Sexual health professionals provide a unique perspective on teen sexual health issues as they engage in confidential discussions with a wide range of teenagers. This study aimed to provide an in-depth exploration of professionals' perceptions of teenagers' sexual health information seeking practices and barriers. Furthermore, the research provided a unique re-examination of key predictors of risky sexual behaviours, which have been highlighted by previous research...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731854/oral-submucous-fibrosis-in-a-school-going-indian-adolescent-boy
#3
Vishal Khandelwal, Hallaswamy V Kambalimath, Naveen B Reddy, Sushma Khandelwal, Vanaja Reddy, Nitu Gupta
A 14-year-old boy presented to our hospital with a chief complaint of difficulty in opening his mouth and a burning sensation on eating spicy food. The oral mucosa showed generalized diffused blanching and he was unable to protrude his tongue. For 6 years he had habitually chewed gutkha - a mixture of betel nut and tobacco for several minutes a day. This oral submucous fibrosis condition is very rare in young patients. The case highlights the link between oral submucous fibrosis and the regular use of areca nut (gutkha) products in a young boy...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719366/a-web-based-anger-management-program-for-parent-female-adolescents-conflicts-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Shahrzad Yektatalab, Seddigheh Khodadadi, Marzieh Moattari, Fakhrozaman Naeemi Hosseiny, Najaf Zare
Objective This cluster randomized control trial was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based anger management program for mother-female adolescents' conflicts. Methods Eight out of 23 high-schools in District Two of Shiraz, Iran were chosen using random cluster sampling and randomly assigned to an intervention and a control group (each group consisted of four schools). The conflict tactics scale was filled out by all eligible third grade high school students in both groups and 140 students who had the scores higher than 30 were randomly selected; 70 adolescents in the intervention group participated in an 8 week intervention, while 70 adolescents in the control group did not undergo any intervention...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719365/proposed-model-for-the-cultural-adaptation-of-an-internet-based-depression-prevention-intervention-catch-it-for-arab-adolescents
#5
Zach Abuwalla, Zaynab Kadhem, Tracy Gladstone, Ereny Mikhael, Amir Bishay, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
Background Evidence-based Internet depression prevention intervention programs are not readily available for Arab youth, but may be effective in this group. Cultural adaptation of evidence-based Western psychotherapy is an important step toward better prevention and treatment of depressive illness in the Arab community. Project CATCH-IT is an Internet-based depression prevention intervention tool that is tailored for adolescents and young adults. Methods The PEN-3 theoretical framework was used for the cultural adaptation of Project CATCH-IT for Arab adolescents...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#6
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708572/diet-quality-overweight-and-daily-monetary-allowance-of-greek-adolescents
#7
Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Dimitrios Vlachos, Maria I Maraki, Efstratia Daskalou, Melpomene Grammatikopoulou, Lenia Karathanou, Emma Kotsias, Fotini Tsofliou, Maria Tsigga, Maria G Grammatikopoulou
Objective To investigate cross-correlates of pocket-money on diet quality and weight status of Greek adolescents. Methods A total of 172 adolescents (55.2% boys), aged between 10 and 15 years old were recruited. Body weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) was computed. Weight status was assessed according to the International Obesity Task Force criteria and diet quality was evaluated via the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) - 2010. Results Adolescents were allowed a mean allowance of €4.63 ± 3...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708571/monitoring-screen-use-a-qualitative-exploration-of-family-strategies-in-swiss-homes
#8
Claire Piguet, Yara Barrense-Dias, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Joan-Carles Suris
Background Digital technologies make family managing more complicated, as parents are worried about their children's well-being and want to protect them from excessive Internet use. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate both youths' and parents' views on strategies and rules set at home to regulate and monitor Internet use. Subjects Thirty-five adolescents (19 females), aged between 11 and 18 years, and 27 parents (17 mothers) from the French-speaking part of Switzerland participated in different focus groups...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686572/adolescent-suicide-as-a-global-public-health-issue
#9
Zebib K Abraham, Leo Sher
Youth suicide is a major global mental health problem. This review looks at the epidemiology, risk and protective factors associated with youth suicide, and global strategies to address this important issue. To better understand factors contributing to youth suicide, global gender differences in suicide were examined. Global rates of suicide amongst young men are higher than young women. However, there are anomalously higher rates of female youth suicide in India and China, and possible causes of this are examined further...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682784/the-theoretical-underpinnings-of-internet-addiction-and-its-association-with-psychopathology-in-adolescence
#10
Shawn Taylor, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Damith Woods
This paper reviews the psychological and theoretical underpinnings that might help to explain the reported relationship between Internet addiction (IA) and psychopathology in both children and adolescents. Drawing on cognitive-behavioural models and social-skills theory, IA shows a strong relationship with depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and time spent using the Internet use. Mixed findings are reported for social anxiety. Loneliness and hostility were also found to be associated with IA...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682783/looks-can-be-deceiving-body-image-dissatisfaction-relates-to-social-anxiety-through-fear-of-negative-evaluation
#11
Yada Pawijit, Watcharaphon Likhitsuwan, Jason Ludington, Kullaya Pisitsungkagarn
Introduction Emerging adults are particularly vulnerable to body image dissatisfaction and social anxiety. These bring about a host of negative outcomes, including compromised social adjustment and well-being. Fear of negative evaluation has been shown to be a core element of social anxiety, but it is rarely considered in studies of body image and its effects on social anxiety. This study aimed to bridge this gap by examining the role of fear of negative evaluation in the association between body image dissatisfaction and social anxiety...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682782/pubertal-assessment-a-national-survey-of-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices-of-the-us-pediatric-trainees
#12
Aditi Khokhar, Yagnaram Ravichandran, Dimitre G Stefanov, Sheila Perez-Colon
Background and objective Sex maturity rating (SMR), defines different levels of sexual maturity, based on the development of secondary sexual characteristics. Periodic assessment of pubertal maturation by physicians is crucial for timely identification of puberty-related disorders. With this pilot study, we aimed to assess the attitudes, knowledge and practices of pubertal assessment by current US pediatric trainees. Methods An anonymous online survey questionnaire was sent to categorical pediatric residents at different levels of training and pediatric chief residents across the US...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632496/clustering-of-chronic-diseases-risk-factors-among-adolescents-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-sousse-tunisia
#13
Emna Dendana, Rim Ghammem, Jihene Sahli, Jihen Maatoug, Sihem Ben Fredj, Imed Harrabi, Molka Chaieb, Hassen Ghannem
Background The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity and nutritional behavior intervention, on the reduction of clustering of chronic diseases risk factors among school children. Materials and methods A quasi-experimental school-based intervention was conducted with an intervention group and a control group in the region of Sousse in Tunisia. The intervention was implemented between 2010 and 2013, with data collected at pre and at post intervention. Studied risk factors were: smoking, sedentary behavior, low fruit and vegetable intake and obesity...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632495/sad-and-lonely-body-dissatisfaction-among-adolescent-girls
#14
Renata Forste, Marina Potter, Lance Erickson
Purpose To further understand the association between body dissatisfaction and sadness/loneliness among adolescent girls, we examine how this association, as reported by pre-teen and adolescent girls, is mediated or moderated by the quality of peer and family relationships. Methods Our data are from the Health Behavior of School-Aged Children 2009-2010, a nationally representative survey of school-aged children in the US. We analyze a sample of 5658 girls in Grades 5 through 10. We utilize ordinary least squares (OLS) regression techniques and adjust for the complex sampling design...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628479/chronic-pain-in-high-school-students-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sleeping-hours-but-not-with-screen-time
#15
Anabela G Silva, Pedro Sá Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto, Nelson P Rocha
Background Existing studies on the association between physical activity (PA), screen based time and sleeping show conflicting results. Objective This study investigates the association between chronic pain at different body regions and self-reported PA, screen based time and sleeping hours in high school students. Subjects A total of 969 students aged 13-19 years old. Methods Participants completed a questionnaire on chronic pain, time spent in moderate and vigorous PA, screen based time watching televivsion (TV)/digital versatile discs (DVD), playing, using mobile phones and computers and sleeping hours...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628478/reducing-barriers-to-primary-school-education-for-girls-in-rural-kenya-reusable-pads-intervention
#16
Winnie Mucherah, Kendra Thomas
Purpose The current study explored girls' perceptions of the impact of sanitary pads' intervention on their school attendance and grades. Methods Participants included 150 girls in 6th, 7th, and 8th grade in two rural schools in Kenya. Participants completed a questionnaire on menstrual health issues and the perceived impact on school attendance and academic performance. Results Results indicated that of all participants (150), those who had passed menarche and had cloth pads had similar comfort levels at school as those who had not yet had their period...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628477/is-age-of-menarche-among-school-girls-related-to-academic-performance
#17
Radhia Al-Mathkoori, Ula Nur, Abdullah Al-Taiar
Background There is strong evidence that the mean age of menarche has declined over the last few decades in developed and developing countries. This is of a major concern because of its enormous public health implications. This study aimed to estimate the age of menarche in Kuwait and investigate the association between menarcheal age and academic performance among high school girls in Kuwait. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected female high school students from private and public high schools in all governorates in Kuwait...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#18
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614051/cardiac-anomalies-and-associated-comorbidities-in-a-large-adolescent-population
#19
Daniel Lyon Fink, Yossy Machluf, Rivka Farkash, Giora Weisz, Avinoam Pirogovsky, Orna Tal, David Dagan, Yoram Chaiter
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, secular trends and associations of heart disease in a large unscreened, otherwise basically healthy, adolescent population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the cardiac status of 113,694 adolescents from the northern district of Israel, who completed the profiling process between the ages of 16 and 19, including all essential measures over a 22-year period. Results of imaging were categorized as either isolated valvar or structural abnormalities, and their clinically significant subgroups defined prospectively...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598807/renal-lymphangiectasia-treated-with-percutaneous-drainage-and-sclerotherapy
#20
Sunirmal Choudhury, Kartik Sridhar, Dilip Kumar Pal
Renal lymphangiectasia is a rare benign condition of the lymphatic system. Primarily, the diagnosis is based upon characteristic imaging findings along with biochemical analysis of aspirated fluid. No definitive algorithm exists for treating this condition owing to its rarity. The literature describes various modes of management ranging from conservative management to nephrectomies. We present a case of bilateral renal lymphangiectasia managed with percutaneous drainage along with sclerotherapy. Our initial findings show a favorable outcome with this approach...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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