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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190212/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-eating-and-physical-activity-among-primary-school-children-in-brunei-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Zaidah Rizidah Murang, Naa Tuah, Lin Naing
Background Childhood obesity has become a global public health crisis. Many studies have been conducted to explore the knowledge, attitude and practices towards eating and physical activity amongst parents and healthcare workers. However, very little is known amongst children. It is imperative to understand these factors as they have been associated with obesity among children. Objective This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of Bruneian children towards eating and physical activity, in order to identify the factors that influence the development of obesity...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171961/social-impact-of-menstrual-problems-among-adolescent-school-girls-in-rural-tamil-nadu
#2
Rama Ravi, Pankaj B Shah, Shanthi Edward, Palani Gopal, B W C Sathiyasekaran
Background Adolescence is a period of physiological, psychological and social transition between childhood and adulthood and is characterized by the onset of menstruation in girls. A adolescent girls are naïve about menstruation and they take time to adapt to these changes both socially and psychologically. This study was carried out to assess the psychosocial impact of menstrual problems among schoolgoing adolescent girls. Methods This study is a cross-sectional study carried out in 350 schoolgoing adolescent girls in the year 2012 in the Thiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168974/heeadsss-up-pediatric-residents-confidence-and-practice-in-adolescent-health-care-before-and-after-mandatory-adolescent-medicine-rotations-in-thailand
#3
Rosawan S Areemit, Boonying Manaboriboon, Supinya In-Iw, Jiraporn Arunakul, Wirote Areekul
Background The field of adolescent medicine is an emerging area of specialization in Thailand. Adolescent medicine was made a mandatory rotation in general pediatric residency training programs for the class of 2013. Objective This study aims to explore the difference in pediatric residents' confidence and the frequency in providing aspects of care to adolescents. Subjects Participants included two groups of pediatric residents; the former curriculum group (FCG) in 2012 and the mandatory curriculum group (MCG) in 2015...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168973/prevalence-of-obesity-among-youths-in-mississippi-united-states-1999-2015
#4
REVIEW
Rasaki Aranmolate
Background The prevalence of obesity among youths has become a public health problem. The trend in the prevalence of obesity among high school students in Mississippi has not been examined in the last 17 years. Methods The data from the Mississippi High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey from 1999 to 2015 were used to determine the prevalence of obesity. The definition of obesity was based on age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) of more than 95th percentile, according to 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168972/experience-of-violence-amongst-female-medical-and-nursing-students-and-their-perception-regarding-violence-against-women-in-delhi-india
#5
Nitika Gautam, Tanu Anand, Jugal Kishore, Shekhar Grover
Background Health care providers are often the first point of contact for the victims of violence against women (VAW). Therefore, it is important to understand their perception about VAW. Objective To assess the proportion of female medical students who experienced violence, and elicit their perception regarding the same. Methods It was a cross-sectional study undertaken among 50 medical and 50 nursing students of a medical college in Central Delhi. A self-administered, questionnaire was used for data collection...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168971/self-perceived-psychosocial-impact-of-dental-aesthetics-among-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#6
Kuracha Chakradhar, Dolar Doshi, Suhas Kulkarni, Bandari Srikanth Reddy, Sahithi Reddy, Adepu Srilatha
Background Oral health is not merely the absence of oral disease and dysfunction, but also influences the subject's social life and dento-facial self confidence. Objective To assess and correlate self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics among young adults based on gender. Subjects A convenience sample of Young adults of degree college in the age group of 18-23 years of Hyderabad city, India. Method Self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics was assessed using the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168970/human-adenovirus-36-seropositivity-and-obesity-among-midwestern-us-adolescents
#7
Aneesh K Tosh, Mollie G Wasserman, Matthew T McLeay Ii, Sara K Tepe
Objective Human adenovirus-36 (Ad-36) infection has been implicated as a risk factor for obesity. This study aims to measure Ad-36 antibody prevalence among obese and healthy-weight Midwestern US adolescents. Methods Obese and healthy-weight subjects 10-18 years of age attending an adolescent clinic in Missouri, USA, were tested for Ad-36 antibodies via ELISA assay. All subjects were measured for height and weight to determine body mass index (BMI). χ2 analysis was used to compare Ad-36 antibody prevalence between the two groups...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168969/comparing-health-promotion-behaviors-of-male-and-female-high-school-students-in-southeast-of-iran
#8
Nasibeh Salari, Jamileh Farokhzadian, Faroukh Abazari
Background Adolescence is one of the most challenging periods of human life. Many healthy or risky behaviors may be formed during this period and continue to the end of life. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the health promotion behaviors of male and female students in high schools. Methods In this descriptive-comparative study, 609 high school students were selected using multi-stage random sampling method. Data were collected using demographic and health-promoting lifestyle profile (HPLPII) questionnaires...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168968/cross-sectional-comparison-of-age-related-changes-in-the-quadriceps-femoris-in-japanese-basketball-players
#9
Yuta Sekine, Norikazu Hirose
Background This study examines age-related changes in the quadriceps femoris (QF), subdivided into the vastus medialis oblique (VMO), vastus medialis (VM), rectus femoris (RF), vastus intermedius (VI) and vastus lateralis (VL) in basketball players. Subjects Seventy male basketball players were divided into four groups according to age (12-13, 14-15, 16-17, and 18-20 years). Methods Ultrasonography was used to measure muscle architecture of the VMO, VM, RF, VI and VL. We created cubic approximate expressions and calculated inflexion points to evaluate peak growth age of each muscle head...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168967/menstrual-irregularity-and-use-of-oral-contraceptives-in-female-adolescent-athletes-in-swedish-national-sports-high-schools
#10
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Fridén
Objective Female adolescent athletes seem to use oral contraceptives (OCs) in the same proportion as the general population. In athletes not using OCs, menstrual irregularity (MI) is reported to be common but there are few studies of MI in adolescent athletes. The aim of the study was to survey menarche, menstrual irregularity and use of OCs in adolescent athletes in the National Sports High Schools in Sweden. A further aim was to study the associations between current sport injury and menstrual irregularity as well as use of OCs...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168966/increased-risk-of-sadness-and-suicidality-among-victims-of-bullying-experiencing-additional-threats-to-physical-safety
#11
Tammy B Pham, Andrew Adesman
Objective To examine, in a nationally-representative sample of high school students, to what extent one or more additional threats to physical safety exacerbates the risk of sadness and suicidality among victims of school and/or cyber-bullying. Methods National data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) were analyzed for grades 9-12 (n = 15,624). Victimization groups were characterized by school-bullying and cyber-bullying, with and without additional threats to physical safety: fighting at school, being threatened/injured at school, and skipping school out of fear for one's safety...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168965/relationships-between-metabolic-profile-hypertension-and-uric-acid-with-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adolescents-with-abdominal-obesity-impact-of-geodemographic-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity
#12
Hamida Bouhenni, Hadjer Daoudi, Haidar Djemai, Philippe Noirez, Abdelkader Rouabah, Damien Vitiello, Leila Rouabah
Background Association of hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure (BP) among adolescents with high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) remains not fully addressed and could represent a new way to diagnose adolescents early with cardiometabolic risk. Objective We aimed to determine abdominal obesity (AO) prevalence and investigate relations between AO, uric acid (UA), lipid profiles, BP and geographical patterns in adolescents. Subjects 577 and 204 Algerian students aged between 10 and 19 years were included in our epidemiological and biochemical studies, respectively...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168964/using-theory-of-planned-behavior-for-prediction-of-delivery-mode-among-pregnant-women-a-theory-based-cross-sectional-research
#13
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Atefeh Afshari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Bahram Armoon
Background Nowadays, in Iran cesarean rates have increased from the recommended level of the World Health Organization (WHO). Objectives The objective of the present study was to determine which theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs predict intentions and delivery mode among pregnant women. Methods One hundred and four pregnant nulliparous women in their third trimesters of pregnancy referred to Semirom health care centers were investigated based on census reports. The data were collected by valid and reliable questionnaire based on the TPB constructs and analyzed by SPSS16...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168963/a-comparison-of-positive-youth-development-against-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-youth-from-hong-kong-and-the-netherlands
#14
Cyrus L K Leung, Michael Bender, Sylvia Y C L Kwok
Background This study tests the buffering effects of positive youth development (PYD) factors against depression and suicidal ideation across Hong Kong and Dutch students. Methods We collected data on depression, suicidal ideation, history of childhood maltreatment, and PYD from 565 Dutch and Hong Kong undergraduates. The three PYD factors, prosocial attributes, positive identity, and cognitive-behavioral competence, were examined for their moderating role in the relationship among childhood maltreatment, depression, and suicidal ideation in path analysis...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168962/assessment-of-anxiety-in-adolescents-involved-in-a-study-abroad-program-a-prospective-study
#15
Yulia Roitblat, Ryan Cleminson, Aaron Kavin, Edan Schonberger, Michael Shterenshis
Objective The aim of the study was to measure the effects on levels of anxiety in healthy teenagers caused by a temporary change of country and school during a study abroad program. Methods In a prospective study we gathered the data from six anxiety level related tests on high school participants in a study abroad program (age 15-17, n = 364, M 172, F 192). These volunteer participants were divided into two separate groups: with self-reported elevated levels of anxiety (n = 111; YES-group) and with self-reported normal levels of anxiety (n = 253; NO-group)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168961/differences-and-similarities-in-medicine-use-perceptions-and-sharing-among-adolescents-in-two-different-educational-settings
#16
Stense Vestergaard, Pernille Ravn, Christine Erikstrup Hallgreen, Susanne Kaae
Background Evidence suggests that there are differences in medicine habits among adolescents with different sociodemographic backgrounds and that peers might also influence medicine use. More knowledge is needed regarding how these aspects together affect how different young people use medicines. Objective To explore the differences in medicine use, perceptions and sharing between adolescents at two different educational (and socio-demographic) settings and assess the influence of parents and peers. Subjects Fifty-nine students from a private high school (HS) and 34 students from a public vocational school (VS) in Denmark between the ages of 15 and 19 years old were subjects in this study...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168960/using-the-internet-to-access-health-related-information-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-new-zealand-secondary-school-students
#17
Jennifer Utter, Mathijs Lucassen, Simon Denny, Terry Fleming, Roshini Peiris-John, Terryann Clark
Objective To determine if secondary school students in New Zealand who report greater health concerns (e.g. significant depressive symptoms) are more likely to use the Internet to access health-related information. Methods A nationally representative health and wellbeing survey was undertaken in 2012 (n = 8500). Multiple regression models were used to examine the associations between students' use of the Internet to access health-related information and selected outcomes or indicators. Results Over 90% of students used the Internet on a daily basis, with 15...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168959/effect-of-a-brief-training-program-for-primigravid-adolescents-on-parenting-self-efficacy-and-mother-infant-bonding-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#18
Zahra Moudi, Behjat Talebi, Mahnaz Shahraki Pour
Background Annually, about 16 million adolescent girls give birth, accounting for 11% of all births worldwide. Ninety-five percent of these births occur in low- and middle-income countries, and previous studies have addressed the need for parenting interventions in developing countries with limited health care resources to improve parenting behaviors. Objective To explore the effect of a brief training program for primigravid adolescents on parenting self-efficacy and mother-infant bonding. Subjects We enrolled 116 married pregnant adolescents...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168958/relationships-between-physical-activity-food-choices-gender-and-bmi-in-southern-californian-teenagers
#19
Jaclyn B Gaylis, Susan S Levy, Shiloah Kviatkovsky, Rebecca DeHamer, Mee Young Hong
Given the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and risk of developing chronic disease, there has been great interest in preventing these conditions during childhood by focusing on healthy lifestyle habits, including nutritious eating and physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between PA, body mass index (BMI) and food choices in adolescent males and females. This cross-sectional study, using a survey questionnaire, evaluated 1212 Southern Californian adolescents' self-reported PA, BMI and food frequency...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168957/the-effects-of-introducing-tabata-interval-training-and-stability-exercises-to-school-children-as-a-school-based-intervention-program
#20
Annika Ekström, Anna Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Glenn Björklund, Marie Alricsson
Background Physical activities during leisure time as well as school hours have changed over the past few years, with adolescents being less physically active and adopting a sedentary lifestyle. Objective The overall objective of this mixed-methods study was to evaluate the feasibility of introducing a 4-min Tabata interval training into a lower secondary school context. A further aim was to evaluate the possible effects on: coordination, balance, and strength. Methods The study was conducted as an intervention study with a mixed-method approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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