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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652664/alcohol-use-in-adolescence-5-years-admissions-at-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#1
Marlene Rodrigues, Teresa Pontes, Juliana Almeida, Alexandra Estrada, Susana Carvalho
Objective To characterize the profile and pattern of alcohol consumption in adolescents, admitted with acute alcoholic intoxication (AAI) at a pediatric emergency department of North Portugal. Methods Retrospective descriptive study of adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years, admitted with AAI between 2012 and 2016. The following variables were evaluated: age, gender, drinking context, quantity and type of alcohol, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), previous episodes, associated injuries, transport to the emergency department, other drug consumption, blood alcohol level (BAL), blood glucose level, treatment and orientation...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634480/environmental-perceptions-and-its-associations-with-physical-fitness-and-body-composition-in-adolescents-longitudinal-results-from-the-labmed-physical-activity-study
#2
André Oliveira, Luis Lopes, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Pedro Silva, César Agostinis-Sobrinho, José Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
Background The environmental correlates have been extensively studied in the last years, but most associations with physical fitness (PF) and body composition have been cross-sectional in nature. Objective This study aimed to determine if adolescents' environmental perceptions associated with PF and body composition in a 2-year follow-up. Subjects Participants were 583 adolescents aged 12-18 years (299 girls) from the LabMed Physical Activity Study. Methods PF and body composition were assessed with the protocols of the ALPHA health-related fitness battery and environmental perceptions with the ALPHA environmental questionnaire...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634479/improving-the-attitudes-of-primary-care-practitioners-toward-adolescent-care-a-pre-post-intervention-pilot-study
#3
Maria Inês Santos, Frederico Rosário, Elisabete Santos, Alzira Ferrão
Background Investing in adolescent health is among the most cost-effective health measures. Primary care practitioners are ideally positioned to deliver such interventions. However, several barriers hinder them from engaging with adolescents. Objective To pilot test the impact of a 1-day training session on adolescent health on the attitudes of primary care practitioners toward adolescent care. Subjects Participants were family physicians and nurses enrolled in a 1-day training session on adolescent health...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630515/the-relationship-between-spiritual-intelligence-and-aggression-in-medical-science-students-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#4
Ali Baloochi, Farokh Abazari, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
Background Due to their presence in clinical educational settings when dealing with patients, medical science students are more affected by mental disorders than other students. Some experts believe that spiritual intelligence enhances people adaptability and compatibility and creates calm in humans, especially in stressful situations. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and aggression among students of medical sciences in the southeast of Iran...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630514/determinants-of-hiv-testing-and-receipt-of-test-results-among-adolescent-girls-in-nigeria-the-role-of-assets-and-decision-making
#5
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Larissa Jennings, Donaldson Converse, John Ehiri, Jami Curley
Purpose Many adolescent girls in Nigeria do not test for HIV despite being at high risk. While the influence of psychosocial factors on HIV testing has been examined, there is less evidence regarding the impact of assets and control of assets on HIV testing. This study investigated the protective effects of specific adolescent girls' assets on decision-making regarding HIV testing. Methods Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was analyzed. The main outcome variables were self-reports of having been tested for HIV and knowledge of a place that offers HIV testing...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590081/metabolic-syndrome-leptin-insulin-resistance-and-uric-acid-a-trinomial-foe-for-algerian-city-dweller-adolescents-health
#6
Hamida Bouhenni, Hadjer Daoudi, Haidar Djemai, Abdelkader Rouabah, Damien Vitiello, Leila Rouabah
Background Adolescence is one of the critical periods where increased risk for long-term obesity-related complications is an important health concern. This highlights the need to perform early diagnostics based on precise biomarkers to decrease the risk of complications in adolescents with obesity. Objective To determine the relationships between serum levels of uric acid (UA), leptin and insulin with metabolic syndrome (MS) components in Algerian adolescents. Subjects Nondiabetic adolescents (n = 204)...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500920/factors-related-to-job-burnout-among-nurses-in-the-razi-psychiatric-hospital-iran
#7
Omid Rezaei, Kamelia Habibi, Davood Arab Ghahestany, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Bahram Armoon, Vida Khan, Ladan Fattah Moghadam
Background One of the most prevalent problems in work places that is considered as an important risk factor for the health of the employee is job burnout (JB). JB could be harmful to employees, their families and society. Therefore, decreasing JB among individuals and determining factors associated with it is important to improve the working environment and prevent its negative outcomes. This study aims to elicit the conditions and factors that cause job burnout among nurses of the Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Iran...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453926/sleep-disorder-prevalence-in-at-risk-adolescents-and-potential-effects-of-nightmare-triad-syndrome
#8
Natalia D McIver, Barry Krakow, Jessica Krakow, Michael R Nadorff, Victor A Ulibarri, Robert Baade
Objective At-risk high school students, those considered to have a higher probability for academic failure or dropping out, were assessed for various sleep disorders. Effects were compared between students with and without the nightmare triad syndrome (NTS+), the sleep disorders' cluster of frequent nightmares, insomnia disorder and suspected sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods Data were gathered at a charter school for at-risk youth using: computer based surveys, physical airway exams, and mental health interviews by school social worker...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432205/better-informed-is-better-decided-addressing-the-risks-of-delaying-childbearing-for-female-higher-educational-students
#9
Claudia M Van der Heijde, Pascal R Collard, Peter Vonk, Frans J Meijman
Objective Delayed childbearing has gradually started to become the norm for higher educational students, with possible increased future fertility risks and psychological distress as a consequence. What do female students expect from their general practitioners (GP) and other health care providers (HCPs) with regard to delaying childbearing? We also looked into indicators that can be used by HCPs to detect female university students who have issues regarding delayed childbearing. Methods Cross sectional study: A total of 398 female students (mean age 21...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432204/relationship-between-adaptation-and-self-esteem-in-addicted-female-prisoners-in-the-south-east-of-iran
#10
Mahya Torkaman, Sakineh Miri, Jamileh Farokhzadian
Background Reduction of the adaptation and self-esteem can be the consequence of opium addiction and imprisonment. Drug use causes inappropriate behaviors in women, which are quite different from those in men. Social deviations, prostitution, high-risk sexual behaviors, abortion, divorce and imprisonment followed by loss of self-esteem are the consequences of women's addiction. The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between adaptation and self-esteem in addicted female prisoners. Methods In this descriptive analytical study, 130 addicted female prisoners were selected from a prison in the south east of Iran using census sampling...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432203/associations-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-body-mass-index-in-portuguese-adolescents-labmed-physical-activity-study
#11
Sofia Evaristo, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Luís Lopes, Sandra Abreu, César Agostinis-Sobrinho, José Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota
Background In adolescence there are several biological and physiological changes associated with overweight and obesity. Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. Methods This is a cross-sectional analysis of 957 Portuguese adolescents (446 girls and 511 boys) aged 12-18 years. A series of variables were collected: (a) HRQoL was assessed using the KIDSCREEN-10 questionnaire; (b) socioeconomic status (SES) was measured using the Family Affluence Scale; (c) body composition (weigh, height) were measured and BMI was calculated and, (d) pubertal stage was assessed with Tanner stages; (e) the 20-m shuttle-run was used to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397384/predicting-high-school-students-health-promoting-lifestyle-a-test-of-the-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model
#12
Asieh Molaifard, Hashem Mohamadian, Mohammad Hossein Haghighi Zadeh
Background and aim Expenditure on adolescents' health promotion is critical to enhancing quality of life and fundamental for the prosperity of countries. This study tried to investigate the relationships between information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model constructs as predictors of high school student's health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) in Southwest Iran. Methods This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 400 students in Southwest Iran. Sample size required for this study was obtained using Soper's structural equation modeling (SEM) calculator...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397383/facilitating-factors-of-self-care-among-hiv-positive-young-women-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#13
Fatemeh Oskouie, Farzaneh Kashefi, Forough Rafii, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Marzieh Vahid-Dastjerdi
Background Providing care for chronic disease such as HIV is a growing challenge in the world. In order to address the challenges of linkage and care in chronic disease management, we need to identify factors that can influence people to get more involved in self-care. This study was part of an extensive qualitative study conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Methods The data were collected through semi-structured interviews conducted on 25 women with HIV, and were analyzed using grounded theory. Four main themes were identified as facilitating self-care among participants: health system support, clinicians' support, family support and improved life expectancy...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397382/effect-of-communication-skills-based-group-counseling-on-mothers-sex-dialogue-with-their-adolescent-daughters
#14
Tayebe Ziaei, Maryam Ghanbari Gorji, Naser Behnampour, Masumeh Rezaei Aval
Background Sex dialogue is one of the most critical and challenging topics between mothers and adolescents. The knowledge and skills of mothers in sex dialogue with their daughters are essential. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of group counseling based on communication skills on mothers through their sex dialogue with their daughters. Methods A randomized controlled field trial was conducted on 168 couples of mothers and their daughters selected by the stratified matching method and randomly divided into two control and intervention groups...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397381/investigation-of-the-prevalence-and-causes-and-of-legal-abortion-of-teenage-married-mothers-in-iran
#15
Fatemeh Ghodrati, Narges Saadatmand, Saeid Gholamzadeh, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Background The therapeutic abortion law, in accordance with the fatwa issued by our Muslim jurisprudent approved by the parliament in 2005, has made major developments in dealing with cases of therapeutic abortions. Objective This study aimed at identifying the prevalence and causes of therapeutic abortion requests to the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province, Shiraz, by pregnant teenager mothers. Methods This study was a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive survey. In this study, all documents related to therapeutic abortion requests from the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province (southern Iran) from 2006 to 2013 were investigated...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369815/marijuana-use-among-youths-in-mississippi-united-states
#16
REVIEW
Rasaki Aranmolate
Background Increased use of marijuana among youths in Mississippi, United States is of great concern to Public Health in the 21st century. This study examined the prevalence of marijuana use according to gender, race and ethnicity. Method The data for this study was obtained from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) for 2015, a cross-sectional survey of the Mississippi High School Students, which examined the prevalence and trends in the use of marijuana according to gender, race and ethnicity. The trends in the percentage of students that reported the use of marijuana and its product was examined by univariate t-test statistical analysis at p < 0...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369814/prevalence-and-determinants-of-smoking-behavior-among-male-school-adolescents-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
Objective Smoking and tobacco use is a growing public health problem, with often begins in adolescence. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of smoking behavior and the associated determinants among adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire with 453 male adolescent students in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were performed to aggregate the findings and examine associations. Results The prevalence of smoking was 24...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369813/yoga-versus-physical-exercise-for-cardio-respiratory-fitness-in-adolescent-school-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Vhavle Satish, Raghavendra Mohan Rao, Nandi Krishnamurthy Manjunath, Ram Amritanshu, Udupa Vivek, Hassan Ratnakar Shreeganesh, Shashidhara Deepashree
Background Yoga is very effective in improving health especially cardio-respiratory fitness and also overall performance in adolescents. There are no large numbers of randomized controlled studies conducted on comparing yoga with physical activity for cardio-respiratory fitness in adolescent school children with large sample size. Objective Aerobic training is known to improve physical and cardio-respiratory fitness in children. Cardio-respiratory fitness is an important indicator of health in children. In this study we evaluate the effects of yoga versus physical exercise training on cardio-respiratory fitness in adolescent school children...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369812/mainstreaming-youth-friendly-health-services-into-existing-primary-health-care-facilities-experiences-from-south-south-nigeria
#19
Rosemary Ogu, Omosivie Maduka, Folusho Alamina, Obelebra Adebiyi, Vetty Agala, Gracia Eke, Ibimonye Porbeni, Nnesochi Offor, Claribel Abam, Alice Nte, Friday Okonofua
Background Youth friendly services, an evidence based approach to overcome the barriers experienced by youths in accessing care, is poorly implemented. The Medical Women's Association of Nigeria (MWAN) Rivers State chapter, was supported by Ford Foundation to mainstream youth-friendly health services (YFHS) into existing primary health care facilities in two hard-to-reach communities. This paper presents the interventions, findings, challenges and recommendations. Methods This study project was implemented in stages: design, baseline survey, interventions and evaluation, between 2014 and 2016...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369811/exploration-of-brushing-behavior-among-university-students-in-iran-a-qualitative-research
#20
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Ali Ramezankhani, Mehdi Noroozi, Bahram Armoon
Background Currently, it is estimated that 40% of the Iranian population is less than 20 years old, and in the academic year of 2011-2012 about 4 million students of that age were educated. The general assessment of the outcomes of oral health programs and investigating determinants is substantial for developing future plans of oral health. This study was done with the aim of exploring brushing behavior among university students of Iran to specify and understand the important determinants of oral health behavior...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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