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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Weihai Zhan, Susan R Smith, Lynette C Warner, Fred North, Sara Wilhelm, Amanda Nowak
Objective To examine the prevalence of and factors associated with sexual behavior and pregnancy involvement among adolescents in foster family homes. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of children living in foster family homes. Logistic regression with Firth's correction was used to determine factors associated with sexual risk behavior and pregnancy involvement (i.e. having been pregnant or gotten someone pregnant). Results About half of adolescents (aged 13-18 years) in foster family homes ever had sex, of whom, one third had first sex before the age of 14 and one sixth had two or more sexual partners in the past 3 months...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Layi Solomon Babatunde, Oluwaseyi Tosin Babatunde, Susan Modupe Oladeji, Temitope Ashipa
Background Globally, efforts are being made to control tobacco use. However, adolescents who are susceptible to cigarette smoking constitute a major challenge to control efforts. Defining the magnitude of susceptible adolescents and associated factors in any setting is critical to the development of measures that will successfully address this issue. This study estimated the prevalence and factors associated with susceptibility to cigarette smoking among non smoking students in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Colwick Wilson, Susan Woolford, Leon Wilson, David Williams, Winetta Oloo
Objective African Americans adolescents have disproportionately high rates of obesity compared to their Caucasian peers. Little is known about the rates of obesity among adolescents of African descent in countries with diverse populations. Therefore, we aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and weight-related behaviors among adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago and to explore differences by race and gender. Methods In this cross-sectional study, students from a national stratified sample of high schools (n = 42) in Trinidad and Tobago completed a self-administered survey regarding their health habits...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Areej Hassan, Juan Carlos Reyes Maza, Hayley G Teich, Erwin H Calgua Guerra
Purpose Today's generation of adolescents is the largest in history, creating a major challenge for low and middle income countries faced with the necessity of addressing their growing healthcare needs. Our objective was to assess the extent to which health care providers in Guatemala are trained, knowledgeable and feel comfortable providing services to adolescents. Methods A sample of 20 medical providers were recruited from the School of Medicine at San Carlos University and its affiliated hospitals. Providers were interviewed face-to-face for 30-40 min using a semi-structured guide exploring their training, knowledge, skills and experience in adolescent health care...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Samira Olyani, Hadi Tehrani, Habibullah Esmaily, Mohammadreza Mohammadzadeh Rezaii, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi
Background One of the significant outcomes of health education is health literacy (HL), which should be expanded to improve health promotion. Objective The aim of this study was to assess HL and its relationship with Body Mass Index (BMI) in female adolescent students. Subjects This study was conducted on 235 female students (aged 13-15 years) which were selected with cluster sampling. Methods For assessing HL, the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) was used and BMI Z-score was evaluated following the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Treya M Long, Shoshana R Rath, Tessa D Maroni, Karen E Wallman, Helen C Atkinson, Nicholas G Gottardo, Catherine H Cole, Catherine S Choong, Louise H Naylor
Background Survivors of paediatric brain cancer and/or cranial radiotherapy (CRT) are at an increased risk of developing serious comorbidities. Established risk factors for chronic disease include central obesity, endothelial abnormalities and diminished fitness. Objectives Here we characterised anthropometry, body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), endothelial function, muscular strength and endurance and aerobic fitness in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Omid Rezaei, Yaser Mokhayeri, Javad Haroni, Mahdi Jamshidi Rastani, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Hessam Ghisvand, Mehdi Noroozi, Bahram Armoon
Background Lack of sleep and on going sleep disorder can affect family health and interpersonal relationships. Objective The aim of study was to investigate the association between sleep quality and the probable determinants of quality of life among students of a public health faculty at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU) in the 2015 academic year. Methods The data from a cross-sectional study of 275 students that randomly stratified sampling between different classes of college students of a public health faculty of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences were used in this study...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Evangelos Drosos, Anastasios Drontsos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose Although safe Internet use is an emerging public health issue, there is a scarcity of published work describing relevant school-based interventions. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of a health professional-led, school-based intervention in raising awareness on cyber-safety in adolescents, Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate adolescents' evaluation of this school-based intervention, 6 months after its implementation, as well as the impact of adolescents' school class and gender on their evaluation...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Golnoosh Kabiri, Tayebe Ziaei, Masumeh Rezaei Aval, Mohammad Ali Vakili
Background Sexual puberty in adolescents occurs before their mental and emotional maturity and exposes them to high-risk sexual behaviors. Because sexual risk-taking occurs before adolescents become involved in a sexual relationship, this study was conducted to identify the effect of group counseling based on self-awareness skill on sexual risk-taking among female high school students in Gorgan in order to suggest some preventative measures. Methods The present parallel study is a randomized field trial conducted on 96 girl students who were studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 of high school with an age range of 14-18 years old...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Alexis Santiago, Jacqueline Zimmerman, Ronald Feinstein, Martin Fisher
Purpose To compare the nutritional intake of adolescents with eating disorders (EDs) to recommended Daily Values of macronutrients and micronutrients, using the Nutrition Data Systems for Research (NDSR); to determine if nutritional content varied among the different sub-types of EDs; and to use the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) as a measurement of diet quality in this population. Methods Forty-six adolescents referred to an ED Program were recruited for inclusion in this study. A detailed 24-h dietary recall from each participant was obtained and a detailed nutritional analysis was generated, allowing for calculation of the HEI-2010...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Toriola Temitope Femi-Adebayo, Yetunde Kuyinu, Olusola Adedeji Adejumo, Olayinka Goodman
Background Youth friendly health services (YFHS) are services that attract, respond to the needs of and retain young people for continuing care. This study was conducted to determine the factors affecting utilization of government (GYFF) and non-governmental youth friendly facilities (NGYFF) in Lagos state, Nigeria. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 543 adolescents aged 15-24 years, between August 1, 2014 and October 31, 2014 were consecutively recruited from 10 (five government and five non-governmental) youth friendly health facilities that had been in operation for at least 6 months prior to the study...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Wan Ying Gan, Wei Ching Yeoh
Intuitive eating, which can be defined as reliance on physiological hunger and satiety cues to guide eating, has been proposed as a healthy weight management strategy. To date, there has not been a published study on intuitive eating in the context of Malaysia. Therefore, this cross-sectional study aims to determine associations between body weight status, psychological well-being and disordered eating behaviors with intuitive eating among undergraduate university students. A total of 333 undergraduate respondents (21...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Bojan Mirkovic, David Cohen, Claudine Laurent, Malaika Lasfar, Christophe Marguet, Prsicille Gerardin
Background Suicide is the second leading cause of death for 10-19-year-olds. Evidence has shown that attempted suicide is a complex interplay of genes and environmental factors. In the adult population, possible associations between genetic polymorphisms and suicidal behaviors have been investigated for several genes, most often with inconsistent findings and poor replicability of significant associations. This study aimed to identify gene variants conferring risk for adolescent suicide attempt. Methods We selected the genes and variants after an analysis of the literature and a selection of the most significant associations identified...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Signe Hanghøj, Kirsten A Boisen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton
Background Good communication skills are considered a cornerstone in a "youth friendly approach". However, research in the field as well as transition guidelines only sparsely explain what doctor-patient communication involves. Furthermore, only few guidelines exist regarding concrete communication skills for health professionals who want to apply a youth friendly communication approach to their practice. Objective To examine how health professionals trained in adolescent medicine practise a youth friendly approach when communicating with adolescents with chronic illness...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Tawatchai Wangsiriwech, Kullaya Pisitsungkagarn, Somboon Jarukasemthawee
With its high prevalence and debilitating impact on students, math anxiety is well studied within the educational context. However, the problem has yet to be examined from the psychological perspective, which is necessary in order to produce a more comprehensive perspective and to pave the way for therapeutic intervention. The current study, therefore, was conducted to identify cognitive and behavioral factors relevant to the occurrence and maintenance of math anxiety. Data were collected from 300 grade 9 students (150 females and 150 males) from public and private schools in Bangkok, Thailand...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Afe Taiwo Opekitan, Olawale Ogunsemi, Bamidele Osalusi, Olufunke Adeleye, Ayotunde Ale
Our study focused on the perception of victims of rape and the relationship with the perception of social roles for gender among college students in southwest Nigeria using a 5-item gender social scale and a perception of victims of rape questionnaire. The study was done among 312 college students in Southwest Nigeria and explored the perception of victims of rape and gender social roles. The aim was to determine the relationship between perception of rape victims and view of gender social roles. We used a perception of rape victims questionnaire and a validated 5-item gender social roles scale to assess the views of participants...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Jessica A Renz, Martin Fisher, Hilary B Vidair, Dina Hirsch, Joan Malizio, Hamutal Barger, Victor Fornari
Background While a large number of patients with eating disorders (EDs) engage in excessive exercise (EE), both for weight control and mood regulation, there has been minimal research evaluating the relationship between EE and demographic and psychological factors, especially in adolescent patients. Purpose The goals of this study were to identify the occurrence of EE compared to other ED behaviors and to develop a regression model examining psychological, behavioral and demographic predictors of EE among adolescents with EDs...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Katharina Diehl, Jens Hoebel, Diana Sonntag, Jennifer Hilger
Background Little is known about the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health in late adolescence. As it is difficult to measure SES in this age group directly, we used two subjective social status (SSS) scales with different reference groups for social comparison in the relatively homogeneous group of university students and analyzed the relationship with health and health behaviors. Methods We used two 10-rung ladders, a societal and a university one, to measure SSS in students (n = 689, 16-29 years)...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Khalida Itriyeva, Ronald Feinstein, Linda Carmine
Background Concussions, a form of mild traumatic brain injury, are a current "hot topic" in sports and medicine, with current research focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and the long-term effects of repeated concussions on development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Concussions represent 8.9% of all high school athletic injuries, and pediatricians see many of these patients in their practices, however evolving guidelines and recommendations have resulted in varying practices among providers. Objective To assess how local pediatricians in New York Chapter 2 of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) diagnose and treat concussion patients, and to evaluate the need for continuing education in this area...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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