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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Natalia D McIver, Barry Krakow, Jessica Krakow, Michael R Nadorff, Victor A Ulibarri, Robert Baade
Objective At-risk high school students, those considered to have a higher probability for academic failure or dropping out, were assessed for various sleep disorders. Effects were compared between students with and without the nightmare triad syndrome (NTS+), the sleep disorders' cluster of frequent nightmares, insomnia disorder and suspected sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods Data were gathered at a charter school for at-risk youth using: computer based surveys, physical airway exams, and mental health interviews by school social worker...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Claudia M Van der Heijde, Pascal R Collard, Peter Vonk, Frans J Meijman
Objective Delayed childbearing has gradually started to become the norm for higher educational students, with possible increased future fertility risks and psychological distress as a consequence. What do female students expect from their general practitioners (GP) and other health care providers (HCPs) with regard to delaying childbearing? We also looked into indicators that can be used by HCPs to detect female university students who have issues regarding delayed childbearing. Methods Cross sectional study: A total of 398 female students (mean age 21...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mahya Torkaman, Sakineh Miri, Jamileh Farokhzadian
Background Reduction of the adaptation and self-esteem can be the consequence of opium addiction and imprisonment. Drug use causes inappropriate behaviors in women, which are quite different from those in men. Social deviations, prostitution, high-risk sexual behaviors, abortion, divorce and imprisonment followed by loss of self-esteem are the consequences of women's addiction. The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between adaptation and self-esteem in addicted female prisoners. Methods In this descriptive analytical study, 130 addicted female prisoners were selected from a prison in the south east of Iran using census sampling...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sofia Evaristo, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Luís Lopes, Sandra Abreu, César Agostinis-Sobrinho, José Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota
Background In adolescence there are several biological and physiological changes associated with overweight and obesity. Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. Methods This is a cross-sectional analysis of 957 Portuguese adolescents (446 girls and 511 boys) aged 12-18 years. A series of variables were collected: (a) HRQoL was assessed using the KIDSCREEN-10 questionnaire; (b) socioeconomic status (SES) was measured using the Family Affluence Scale; (c) body composition (weigh, height) were measured and BMI was calculated and, (d) pubertal stage was assessed with Tanner stages; (e) the 20-m shuttle-run was used to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Asieh Molaifard, Hashem Mohamadian, Mohammad Hossein Haghighi Zadeh
Background and aim Expenditure on adolescents' health promotion is critical to enhancing quality of life and fundamental for the prosperity of countries. This study tried to investigate the relationships between information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model constructs as predictors of high school student's health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) in Southwest Iran. Methods This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 400 students in Southwest Iran. Sample size required for this study was obtained using Soper's structural equation modeling (SEM) calculator...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Fatemeh Oskouie, Farzaneh Kashefi, Forough Rafii, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Marzieh Vahid-Dastjerdi
Background Providing care for chronic disease such as HIV is a growing challenge in the world. In order to address the challenges of linkage and care in chronic disease management, we need to identify factors that can influence people to get more involved in self-care. This study was part of an extensive qualitative study conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Methods The data were collected through semi-structured interviews conducted on 25 women with HIV, and were analyzed using grounded theory. Four main themes were identified as facilitating self-care among participants: health system support, clinicians' support, family support and improved life expectancy...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Tayebe Ziaei, Maryam Ghanbari Gorji, Naser Behnampour, Masumeh Rezaei Aval
Background Sex dialogue is one of the most critical and challenging topics between mothers and adolescents. The knowledge and skills of mothers in sex dialogue with their daughters are essential. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of group counseling based on communication skills on mothers through their sex dialogue with their daughters. Methods A randomized controlled field trial was conducted on 168 couples of mothers and their daughters selected by the stratified matching method and randomly divided into two control and intervention groups...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Fatemeh Ghodrati, Narges Saadatmand, Saeid Gholamzadeh, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Background The therapeutic abortion law, in accordance with the fatwa issued by our Muslim jurisprudent approved by the parliament in 2005, has made major developments in dealing with cases of therapeutic abortions. Objective This study aimed at identifying the prevalence and causes of therapeutic abortion requests to the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province, Shiraz, by pregnant teenager mothers. Methods This study was a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive survey. In this study, all documents related to therapeutic abortion requests from the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province (southern Iran) from 2006 to 2013 were investigated...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Rasaki Aranmolate
Background Increased use of marijuana among youths in Mississippi, United States is of great concern to Public Health in the 21st century. This study examined the prevalence of marijuana use according to gender, race and ethnicity. Method The data for this study was obtained from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) for 2015, a cross-sectional survey of the Mississippi High School Students, which examined the prevalence and trends in the use of marijuana according to gender, race and ethnicity. The trends in the percentage of students that reported the use of marijuana and its product was examined by univariate t-test statistical analysis at p < 0...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
Objective Smoking and tobacco use is a growing public health problem, with often begins in adolescence. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of smoking behavior and the associated determinants among adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire with 453 male adolescent students in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were performed to aggregate the findings and examine associations. Results The prevalence of smoking was 24...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Vhavle Satish, Raghavendra Mohan Rao, Nandi Krishnamurthy Manjunath, Ram Amritanshu, Udupa Vivek, Hassan Ratnakar Shreeganesh, Shashidhara Deepashree
Background Yoga is very effective in improving health especially cardio-respiratory fitness and also overall performance in adolescents. There are no large numbers of randomized controlled studies conducted on comparing yoga with physical activity for cardio-respiratory fitness in adolescent school children with large sample size. Objective Aerobic training is known to improve physical and cardio-respiratory fitness in children. Cardio-respiratory fitness is an important indicator of health in children. In this study we evaluate the effects of yoga versus physical exercise training on cardio-respiratory fitness in adolescent school children...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Rosemary Ogu, Omosivie Maduka, Folusho Alamina, Obelebra Adebiyi, Vetty Agala, Gracia Eke, Ibimonye Porbeni, Nnesochi Offor, Claribel Abam, Alice Nte, Friday Okonofua
Background Youth friendly services, an evidence based approach to overcome the barriers experienced by youths in accessing care, is poorly implemented. The Medical Women's Association of Nigeria (MWAN) Rivers State chapter, was supported by Ford Foundation to mainstream youth-friendly health services (YFHS) into existing primary health care facilities in two hard-to-reach communities. This paper presents the interventions, findings, challenges and recommendations. Methods This study project was implemented in stages: design, baseline survey, interventions and evaluation, between 2014 and 2016...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Ali Ramezankhani, Mehdi Noroozi, Bahram Armoon
Background Currently, it is estimated that 40% of the Iranian population is less than 20 years old, and in the academic year of 2011-2012 about 4 million students of that age were educated. The general assessment of the outcomes of oral health programs and investigating determinants is substantial for developing future plans of oral health. This study was done with the aim of exploring brushing behavior among university students of Iran to specify and understand the important determinants of oral health behavior...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Naval Heydari, Mansure Dehghani, Maasumeh Emamghoreishi, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Introduction In spite of its importance, the psychological health requirements of adolescents are ignored; due to the occurrence of mental disorders in this age group and also public interest in the use of supplementary and alternative treatments such as herbal drugs for mental disorders, this study was carried out aimed at examining the impact of the Melissa officinalis capsule on the psychological health of female adolescents. Methodology In this randomized clinical trial study, 100 female adolescents were assigned to two groups of either drug and placebo groups...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Daniel Hardoff, Joav Merrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Karima Benmohammed, Paul Valensi, Minh Tuan Nguyen, Farah Benmohammed, Moufida Benlatreche, Karima Benembarek, Alkassem Lezzar
Objectives To check whether excess in abdominal adiposity and metabolic factors were associated with blood pressure abnormalities in non-obese adolescents. Methods We randomly selected 1100 adolescent students, aged 12-18 years, from schools and classrooms in the city of Constantine, Algeria. Among them 179 were overweight and 51 were obese (IOTF criteria). Waist circumference (WC) was considered high if >74 cm in boys and 75 cm in girls (mean of WC of all population studied). Hypertension (HBP) and prehypertension (preHBP) were defined by the NHBPEP's 2004 criteria...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Adesola Olumide, Eme Owoaje
Background Information on disclosure of HIV status among youth is sparse in spite of the fact that they bear a significant burden of the HIV epidemic. Our objective was to determine the predictors of HIV disclosure among youth aged 18-35 years in Ibadan, Nigeria. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among youth with HIV attending two HIV support groups and one ARV clinic in Ibadan, Nigeria. Information was obtained with the aid of an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Descriptive and analytic statistics were conducted...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Masoud Rayyani, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Background Almost 7.2%-10.6% of patients survive CPR in Iran. Most of them experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic growth (PTG). There are limited studies to assessing the correlation between these two psychological outcomes among CPR survivors. Objective This study aimed to examine the correlation between PTSD and PTG among CPR survivors in South-East Iran. Subjects Using Quota sampling, 163 CPR survivors in two provinces in the South-East of Iran were selected to participate in this study...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Masoumeh Sibmar, Nasim Bahrami, AbouAli Vedadhir, Hamid Alavi Majd, Averil Parker
Aim The goal of the present study is to adopt state-of-the-art techniques and standards to develop and evaluate a measure, called the opposite-sex relationship questionnaire for female adolescents (OSRQFA), to assess the reasons why adolescent girls would or would not develop, a relationship with an adolescent boy. Methods A mixed-method, sequential, exploratory design was adopted. In the qualitative phase, an in-depth interview approach was used to identify the properties and dimensions to be included in the OSRQFA...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Zohreh Khoshnood, Masoud Rayyani, Batool Tirgari
Background Analysis of nursing theoretical works and its role in knowledge development is presented as an essential process of critical reflection. Health promotion model (HPM) focuses on helping people achieve higher levels of well-being and identifies background factors that influence health behaviors. Objectives This paper aims to evaluate, and critique HPM by Barnum's criteria. Methods The present study reviewed books and articles derived from Proquest, PubMed, Blackwell Databases. The method of evaluation for this model is based on Barnum's criteria for analysis, application and evaluation of nursing theories...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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