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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

H J Madhushanthi, Savithri W Wimalasekera, C Sampatha E Goonewardena, A A Thamara D Amarasekara, Janaka Lenora
Objective Previous studies have shown that high socioeconomic status (SES) is significantly associated with inhibitory control, working memory, verbal comprehension and IQ. However, in the Asian setting, with its prevailing poverty, information about the influence of SES on cognitive development of female adolescents is limited. This study was aimed to investigate the association between SES and neurocognitive performance of early female adolescents in Sri Lanka. Methods Female adolescents aged 11-14 years (n = 200) of low and middle SES were studied to assess neurocognitive function...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Youn Kyoung Kim, Moses Okumu, Eusebius Small, Silviya Pavlova Nikolova, Cecilia Mengo
Background and objectives Research has shown an increased prevalence of substance use among adolescents in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Peer affiliation, bullying, and psychological stress are significantly associated with substance use. This study empirically tested theoretical frameworks linking peer affiliation, bullying victimization, loneliness and substance use (specifically tobacco or alcohol use) among adolescents. Materials and methods Data were obtained from the 2009 Malawi Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) with a representative sample of 2359 students aged 13-17 years in Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Jamileh Farokhzadian, Amirreza Sabzi, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki
Background In order to effectively facilitate behavior change, it is essential to conduct health promotion programs on self-efficacy. Given the importance of the role of teachers in fostering the next generation, it appears that the promotion of self-efficacy in them can greatly contribute to the health of the community. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of a health promotion training workshop on self-efficacy for health practices and also, on general self-efficacy of teachers in schools. Methods This study was a quasi-experimental study, in which 120 teachers were selected by random sampling and randomly divided into two equal intervention and control groups (60 in each group)...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Lovro Štefan, Maroje Sorić, Antonela Devrnja, Vilko Petrić, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković
Background Little is known about the concurrent change in physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB) and sport participation (SP) during adolescence. The main purpose of this prospective and partly objective study was to simultaneously investigate PA, SBs and SP changes between the 1st and 2nd grades of high school in urban adolescents. Methods In this 1-year follow-up study, the participants were 81 secondary-school students (28 boys and 53 girls) aged 15.5 years at the baseline. PA was assessed with the SenseWear Armband multi-sensor activity monitor, while SBs were assessed by using School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) PA questionnaire...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mahlegha Dehghan, Fatemeh Ghaedi Heidari, Zahra Karzari, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki
Introduction The teaching-learning process plays an effective role in training nursing students. Devising novel methods can lead to achievement of educational objectives as well as promotion of the clinical and practical training. The present study is aimed to determine the effect of integrated training, including practicing, peer clinical training and objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) assessment. Methods The interventional study was conducted on 58 freshman students. Two groups underwent a five-stage educational process; so that, all the students were trained and practiced in the skills lab, and their practical skills were investigated via the OSCE test...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Yen-Han Lee, Timothy C Chiang, Ching-Ti Liu, Yen-Chang Chang
Background China has undergone rapid Westernization and established dramatic social reforms since the early 21st century. However, health issues led to challenges in the lives of the Chinese residents. Western fast food and sweetened beverages, two food options associated with chronic diseases and obesity, have played key roles to alter adolescents' dietary patterns. This study aims to examine the association between adolescents' visits to Western fast food restaurants and sweetened beverage consumption. Methods Applying three waves of the China Health and Nutrition Study (CHNS) between 2006 and 2011 (n = 1063), we used generalized Poisson regression (GPR) to investigate the association between adolescents' Western fast food restaurant visits and sweetened beverage consumption, as the popularity of fast food and sweetened beverages has skyrocketed among adolescents in contemporary China...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mehdi Noroozi, Mohammad Hassan Farhadi, Bahram Armoon, Ali Farhoudian, Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari, Asaad Sharhani, Salah Eddin Karimi, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Omid Rezaei, Hesam Ghiasvand
Background The transition from non-injection to injection drug use dramatically increases the risk of transmitting HIV and other blood borne infections including hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with the transition from first illicit drug use to first injection among drug users. Methods Using snowball sampling and convenience sampling through needle and syringe programmes (NSPs), we recruited 500 people who inject drugs (PWID) in Kermanshah, between September and December 2014...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
Background Healthy dietary behaviors have a significant impact on children's health and development. Diets high in fruit and vegetables demonstrate a strong and consistent pattern for decreasing the risk of and providing benefits against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and many cancers. Yet, little is known about the pattern of fruit, vegetables and dairy products consumption among children in Saudi Arabia. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the consumption of fruit, vegetables and milk products and their dietary correlates among school boys in Saudi Arabia...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Rebecka Lundgren, Susannah Gibbs, Brad Kerner
Background Gender inequity contributes to a range of poor health outcomes. Early adolescence presents a window of opportunity for gender transformative interventions to shift inequitable gender norms, attitudes and behaviors. Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate a set of individual, family and community interventions to increase gender equity among very young adolescents (VYAs) in rural Nepal. Methods Two communities received the individual-level Choices intervention as well the family and community Voices and Promises interventions (CVP)...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Jitlada Piriyasart, Praneed Songwathana, Susan Kools
Background Sex before marriage among Muslim adolescents is becoming a serious issue in Muslim societies exemplified by an increasing incidence of teenage pregnancy. Sexual abstinence is an optimal goal for adolescent health from an Islamic perspective. Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions have not been investigated, therefore, we lack understanding of their strengths and the risks that may contribute to outcomes such as pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Objective The purpose of this investigation was to characterize Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions of sexual abstinence...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Marlene Rodrigues, Teresa Pontes, Juliana Almeida, Alexandra Estrada, Susana Carvalho
Objective To characterize the profile and pattern of alcohol consumption in adolescents, admitted with acute alcoholic intoxication (AAI) at a pediatric emergency department of North Portugal. Methods Retrospective descriptive study of adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years, admitted with AAI between 2012 and 2016. The following variables were evaluated: age, gender, drinking context, quantity and type of alcohol, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), previous episodes, associated injuries, transport to the emergency department, other drug consumption, blood alcohol level (BAL), blood glucose level, treatment and orientation...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
André Oliveira, Luis Lopes, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Pedro Silva, César Agostinis-Sobrinho, José Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
Background The environmental correlates have been extensively studied in the last years, but most associations with physical fitness (PF) and body composition have been cross-sectional in nature. Objective This study aimed to determine if adolescents' environmental perceptions associated with PF and body composition in a 2-year follow-up. Subjects Participants were 583 adolescents aged 12-18 years (299 girls) from the LabMed Physical Activity Study. Methods PF and body composition were assessed with the protocols of the ALPHA health-related fitness battery and environmental perceptions with the ALPHA environmental questionnaire...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Maria Inês Santos, Frederico Rosário, Elisabete Santos, Alzira Ferrão
Background Investing in adolescent health is among the most cost-effective health measures. Primary care practitioners are ideally positioned to deliver such interventions. However, several barriers hinder them from engaging with adolescents. Objective To pilot test the impact of a 1-day training session on adolescent health on the attitudes of primary care practitioners toward adolescent care. Subjects Participants were family physicians and nurses enrolled in a 1-day training session on adolescent health...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Ali Baloochi, Farokh Abazari, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
Background Due to their presence in clinical educational settings when dealing with patients, medical science students are more affected by mental disorders than other students. Some experts believe that spiritual intelligence enhances people adaptability and compatibility and creates calm in humans, especially in stressful situations. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and aggression among students of medical sciences in the southeast of Iran...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Larissa Jennings, Donaldson Converse, John Ehiri, Jami Curley
Purpose Many adolescent girls in Nigeria do not test for HIV despite being at high risk. While the influence of psychosocial factors on HIV testing has been examined, there is less evidence regarding the impact of assets and control of assets on HIV testing. This study investigated the protective effects of specific adolescent girls' assets on decision-making regarding HIV testing. Methods Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was analyzed. The main outcome variables were self-reports of having been tested for HIV and knowledge of a place that offers HIV testing...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Hamida Bouhenni, Hadjer Daoudi, Haidar Djemai, Abdelkader Rouabah, Damien Vitiello, Leila Rouabah
Background Adolescence is one of the critical periods where increased risk for long-term obesity-related complications is an important health concern. This highlights the need to perform early diagnostics based on precise biomarkers to decrease the risk of complications in adolescents with obesity. Objective To determine the relationships between serum levels of uric acid (UA), leptin and insulin with metabolic syndrome (MS) components in Algerian adolescents. Subjects Nondiabetic adolescents (n = 204)...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Omid Rezaei, Kamelia Habibi, Davood Arab Ghahestany, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Bahram Armoon, Vida Khan, Ladan Fattah Moghadam
Background One of the most prevalent problems in work places that is considered as an important risk factor for the health of the employee is job burnout (JB). JB could be harmful to employees, their families and society. Therefore, decreasing JB among individuals and determining factors associated with it is important to improve the working environment and prevent its negative outcomes. This study aims to elicit the conditions and factors that cause job burnout among nurses of the Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Iran...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Natalia D McIver, Barry Krakow, Jessica Krakow, Michael R Nadorff, Victor A Ulibarri, Robert Baade
Objective At-risk high school students, those considered to have a higher probability for academic failure or dropping out, were assessed for various sleep disorders. Effects were compared between students with and without the nightmare triad syndrome (NTS+), the sleep disorders' cluster of frequent nightmares, insomnia disorder and suspected sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods Data were gathered at a charter school for at-risk youth using: computer based surveys, physical airway exams, and mental health interviews by school social worker...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Claudia M Van der Heijde, Pascal R Collard, Peter Vonk, Frans J Meijman
Objective Delayed childbearing has gradually started to become the norm for higher educational students, with possible increased future fertility risks and psychological distress as a consequence. What do female students expect from their general practitioners (GP) and other health care providers (HCPs) with regard to delaying childbearing? We also looked into indicators that can be used by HCPs to detect female university students who have issues regarding delayed childbearing. Methods Cross sectional study: A total of 398 female students (mean age 21...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mahya Torkaman, Sakineh Miri, Jamileh Farokhzadian
Background Reduction of the adaptation and self-esteem can be the consequence of opium addiction and imprisonment. Drug use causes inappropriate behaviors in women, which are quite different from those in men. Social deviations, prostitution, high-risk sexual behaviors, abortion, divorce and imprisonment followed by loss of self-esteem are the consequences of women's addiction. The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between adaptation and self-esteem in addicted female prisoners. Methods In this descriptive analytical study, 130 addicted female prisoners were selected from a prison in the south east of Iran using census sampling...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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