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Diagnostic Cytopathology

José A Jiménez-Heffernan, Patricia Muñoz-Hernández, Alberto Canca Velasco, Alwalid Freih Fraih, Julián Cuesta, Pilar González-Peramato, Carlos Olivier-García, Blanca Vicandi
BACKGROUND: Differentiation between normal renal cellular structures and renal tumors can be a diagnostic challenge during fine needle aspiration. It is of particular relevance during percutaneous thermal ablation because of the small size of tumors and when performing rapid on-site evaluation. METHODS: A cyto-histological correlation study assisted by immunocytochemistry was performed. The study was based on 10 nephrectomy specimens. For the identification of proximal tubular cells we used CD10 and α-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (AMACR)...
March 14, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Bekir Kuru, Mehmet Kefeli
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules diagnosed as Bethesda category IV [follicular neoplasm/suspicious for follicular neoplasm (FN/SFN)] are recommended for surgery. However, only 10%-40% of these nodules turn out to be malignant on histopathological examination. Therefore, selection for surgery of nodules diagnosed as Bethesda category IV is important. We aimed to define predictive factors for malignancy and factors associated with triage to surgery. METHODS: The records of all patients with nodules who underwent fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and classified by Bethesda reporting system as FN/SFN between January 2011 and July 2017 at our institution were reviewed...
March 10, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Yonghua Liu, Lin Yuan, Daohua Yang, Yubiao Jin
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is potentially lethal. A prompt and accurate diagnosis is the prerequisite for the treatment of MTC. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a reliable diagnostic tool in the assessment of thyroid nodules. However, cytologic assessment of MTC based on FNA has several drawbacks due to morphological variants. We present a case of MTC diagnosed through FNA cytology, which was eventually histologically confirmed as a mixed medullary-follicular carcinoma with negative serum calcitonin expression...
March 10, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Sann Y Mon, Gregory Riedlinger, Collette E Abbott, Raja Seethala, N Paul Ohori, Marina N Nikiforova, Yuri E Nikiforov, Steven P Hodak
BACKGROUND: Thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) gene mutations play a critical role in thyroid cell proliferation and function. They are found in 20%-82% of hyperfunctioning nodules, hyperfunctioning follicular thyroid cancers (FTC), and papillary thyroid cancers (PTC). The diagnostic importance of TSHR mutation testing in fine needle aspiration (FNA) specimens remains unstudied. METHODS: To examine the association of TSHR mutations with the functional status and surgical outcomes of thyroid nodules, we evaluated 703 consecutive thyroid FNA samples with indeterminate cytology for TSHR mutations using next-generation sequencing...
March 8, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Meng-Chen Tsai, Chun-Chi Kuo, Ying-Zhen Su, Yen-Chuan Hsieh, Shih-Sung Chuang
Effusion-based lymphoma (EBL) is a rare but distinct entity of large B-cell lymphoma in effusion without association with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8). Spontaneous regression after pleurocentesis has been observed; but to our knowledge, there are no reports on the morphological and molecular features of subsequent aspirations in regressing cases. Here, we report the case of a 92-year-old male with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who presented with right pleural effusion. He had no human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, or hepatitis C virus infection, and CT scans revealed no mass lesion...
March 8, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Santosh Tummidi, Kanchan Kothari, Pragati Sathe, Mona Agnihotri, Gwendolyn Fernandes, Leena Naik, Aleena Jain, Rachana Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) has become increasingly popular for the diagnosis and staging of gastrointestinal diseases and peri-gastrointestinal lesions. The application of FNA/Brush has dramatically expanded the clinical utility of EUS. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, study the spectrum of lesions encountered in EUS-FNAC/brush cytology of gastrointestinal and peri-gastrointestinal lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total of 124 patients during the period from August 2015 to November 2016 was included in the study...
March 5, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Magdi Mansour Salih, Basem Hassan El-Esawy, Amal Abd El Hafez, Afaf Abd El-Hafez
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common metabolic disorders worldwide and 425 million people were estimated to have diabetes by 2017. Oral manifestations reflect the metabolic control of diabetes. Exfoliative cytology using Papanicolaou (Pap) and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) stains is a practical technique to evaluate oral epithelial cytomorphologic changes in diabetes. AIM: This study analyzes the cytomorphologic changes and the glycogen content in exfoliated oral epithelial cells among diabetic patients as compared to healthy controls using Pap and PAS stains to verify the utility of exfoliative cytology as adjunct to diagnosis, follow up or screening of diabetes...
March 1, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Kirill Mokhniuk, Maria Lesnik, Jerzy Klijanienko
Basal cell adenocarcinoma (BCAC) of salivary glands is uncommon low-grade malignancy. Only 19 cases of preoperative cytology were reported up to date. We present here a new case of BCAC arising in the minor salivary gland. Tumor was composed of clustered or isolated roundish, dark cells with small and regular nuclei. Chromatin was dusty with small nucleoli. Cytoplasm was gray and scant. Clusters showed typical and characteristic basal architecture with peripheral palisading neighboring eosinophilic basal membranes...
March 1, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Lei Yan, Shriram Jakate, Vijaya Reddy, Paolo Gattuso
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The clinical and cytological features of metastatic HCC have not been well established. METHODS: To determine the clinical and cytological features of metastatic HCC, we retrospectively searched for all HCC metastasis diagnosed by fine needle aspiration or core biopsy. RESULTS: We found 12 bone metastases, 11 intra-abdominal, 4 lung, 3 soft tissue, and 2 lymph node metastases from 32 patients...
March 1, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Franco Fulciniti, Kenji Yanoh, Petros Karakitsos, Jun Watanabe, Alessia Di Lorito, Niki Margari, Yoshinobu Maeda, Maki Kihara, Yoshiaki Norimatsu, Tadao K Kobayashi, Yasuo Hirai
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of directly sampled endometrial cytology is to detect invasive endometrial malignancies. With this principle in mind, The Yokohama System (TYS) Working Group, composed of cytopathologists, surgical pathologists, and gynecologic oncologists met at the 2016 International Congress of Cytology, Yokohama, with the aim to publish a standardized reporting system inclusive of specific diagnostic categories and cytomorphologic criteria for uniform and reliable diagnosis of endometrial malignancies on directly sampled endometrial samples...
February 26, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Erik Ames, Michael J Campbell, Alaa Afify, Jeffrey F Krane, Eric C Huang
Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE) is an extremely rare thyroid carcinoma with limited cytologic descriptions in the literature. Here, we present a 52-year-old woman with a 3.9 cm thyroid nodule. Fine-needle aspiration smears consisted of a highly cellular specimen with tumor cells in isolated patterns and solid squamoid nests. Tumor cells had round to oval nuclei, prominent nucleoli, smooth nuclear contours, and moderate amounts of dense cytoplasm. In addition to the polymorphous population of lymphocytes, the background contained a striking abundance of eosinophils...
February 26, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Ivan Chebib, Emily Albanese, Aristana Scourtas, Martha B Pitman
BACKGROUND: Inspissated cyst fluid may be identified on pancreatic cyst aspiration cytology. We report on the cytomorphologic characteristics of inspissated cyst fluid on EUS-FNA of pancreatic cysts and correlate this finding with histopathology or multimodal (cytology, cyst fluid analysis, molecular pathology, imaging) classification of cyst type. METHODS: The department archives were searched for pancreatic cyst fine-needle aspiration biopsies that contained dessicated, crystalline or inspissated material on cytologic preparations...
February 24, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Abhishek Biswas, Marino E Leon, Peter Drew, Sebastian Fernandez-Bussy, Larissa V Furtado, Michael A Jantz, Hiren J Mehta
BACKGROUND: Pembrolizumab was recently approved as a first line agent for metastatic NSCLC in patients with high programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. OBJECTIVES: Since a significant portion of lung cancer is diagnosed by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS TBNA); there is a need for PD-L1 testing in these specimens. However, to date few studies have evaluated performance of cytology specimens from EBUS TBNA for PD-L1 analysis...
February 24, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Laleh Hakima, Kathie Schlesinger, Jaya Sunkara, Rouzan G Karabakhtsian
BACKGROUND: Women treated for breast cancer are at increased risk of developing pulmonary nodules which could represent new primary lung carcinomas or metastatic breast carcinoma. The FNA biopsy is frequently the first diagnostic choice in determining the primary site of the tumor. Estrogen receptor (ER) positivity in diagnostic tissue is generally used to favor breast over lung primary. However, the recent studies have shown a wide range of ER antibody cross reactivity with lung adenocarcinoma...
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Busra Ozbek, Nadir Paksoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Pedro Weslley Rosario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Hyekyung Lee, Myungein Han, Taejo Yoo, Chanho Jung, Hyun-Jin Son, Migyung Cho
OBJECTIVES: Development of computerized image analysis techniques has opened up the possibility for the quantitative analysis of nuclear chromatin in pathology. We hypothesized that the features extracted from digital images could be used to determine specific cytomorphological findings for nuclear chromatin that may be applicable for establishing a medical diagnosis. METHODS: Three parameters were evaluated from nuclear chromatin images obtained from the liquid-based cervical cytology samples of patients with biopsy-proven high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HGSIL), and compared between non-neoplastic squamous epithelia and dysplastic epithelia groups: (1) standard deviation (SD) of the grayscale intensity; (2) difference between the maximum and minimum grayscale intensity (M-M); and (3) thresholded area percentage...
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Kartik Viswanathan, Simon J Sung, Theresa Scognamiglio, Rana S Hoda, Rema A Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Shinji Toyoda, Hiroshi Okada, Hideo Tsujino, Yoshinori Takeda, Atsushi Sugiura, Yoshio Itani, Tsunekazu Kita, Eiwa Ishida
The Integran microfibrillar collagen hemostatic matrix is one form of microfibrillar collagen hemostat. This form has a sheet-type structure and has explicitly been used in Japan. In gynecology, this sheet-type matrix has helped effect uterine surface hemostasis, especially in myomectomy and cervical conization. However, cytotechnologists and pathologists have overlooked the foreign materials used for conization in postoperative cervical cytology. We report two cases describing the characteristic cervical cytology findings when Integran was used in conization...
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Xiaowei Chen, John P Crapanzano, Abel A Gonzalez, Diane Hamele-Bena
Sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTAT) is a rare ovarian tumor with characteristic microscopic morphologic features. Diagnosis most often is based on examination of tissue specimens. Cytologic features of this tumor rarely have been described in the English literature. Herein, we report cytologic findings of cyst aspiration fluid in two cases of SCTAT, with cyto-histologic correlation.
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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