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Death Studies

Jonathan Beyrak-Lev, Zach Gerber, Tsachi Ein-Dor, Gilad Hirschberger
Death awareness leads to aversion from bodily processes such as breastfeeding and sex, especially among low body-esteem individuals. Using a Modality Bias Task we examined whether primes of death reduced attention to bodily sensations. We subliminally primed 72 undergraduates with either the word death or failed, and assessed their attention to tactile and visual stimuli as a function of their body esteem. Results indicated that death primes significantly reduced attention to tactile stimuli relative to visual stimuli in low body-esteem individuals...
August 10, 2017: Death Studies
Kathy McKay, Fiona Shand
High quality mental health care after a suicide attempt is a key strategy for preventing subsequent suicide attempts and deaths, yet little is known about how people navigate the healthcare system following a suicide attempt. This paper focuses on the stories told by 20 people who had attempted suicide. Five themes emerged: fitting into the healthcare system; need for advocacy; consistent care; lucky to find help; and, small kindnesses. Positive and empathetic healthcare experiences, as well as connected services, assisted the recovery of people who have attempted suicide...
July 27, 2017: Death Studies
Danai Papadatou, T Bellali, K Tselepi, I Giannopoulou
This mixed method study investigated the short and long term effects of peer loss on eight adolescents after a fatal school bus accident. Phenomenological analysis of their retrospective narratives revealed three patterns (living in despair, collecting my pieces, remembering and moving on). Quantitative findings indicate progressive decrease in post traumatic stress symptoms severity across time; increase in positive changes in perceptions of self, others, and life between 18 and 34 months; and stable continuing bond with the deceased peers...
July 20, 2017: Death Studies
Jeylan Wolyie Hussein
The paper is an inquiry into the poetics of mourning and faith-based intervention in maladaptive grieving processes in Ethiopia. The paper discusses the ways loss is signified and analyses the meanings of ethno-cultural and psychospiritual practices employed to deal with maladaptive grief processes and their psychological and emotional after-effects. Hermeneutics provided the methodological framework and informed the analysis. The thesis of the paper is that the poetics of mourning and faith-based social interventions are interactionally based meaning making processes...
July 19, 2017: Death Studies
Thomas Dellmann
While many single factors of prolonged grief have been identified in the literature, a comprehensive understanding of predictors is still lacking. This paper argues that shame and low self-esteem, present risk factors in prolonged grief after spousal loss, based on a review of correlational studies. Using a practitioner-scientist approach a developmental model of shame as a core factor in prolonged grief is proposed, outlining the progression from childhood relational trauma, to insecure attachment, shame, self-esteem contingent on spousal approval to eventual prolonged grief...
July 13, 2017: Death Studies
John R Jordan
This article provides an introduction to this special issue of Death Studies on suicide postvention. The articles in the issue are derived from a document released by the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention, titled Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines. The article provides data and a rationale for considering suicide as a serious public health issue in the USA and around the world, and the need for postvention after a suicide occurs. A brief description of each of the articles in the special issue then follows...
July 5, 2017: Death Studies
Sherman A Lee
The present study examined the validity of deriving a global or general measure of grief from the Persistent Complex Bereavement Inventory using an on-line survey of 180 bereaved adults. Confirmatory factor analyzes indicated that a hierarchical factor structure best fit the data such that an overarching, general grief factor accounted for the covariation among three first-order symptom clusters. The construct validity of this grief factor was further supported by correlations with related variables such as negative religious coping, neuroticism, meaning-made, and post-traumatic growth...
July 5, 2017: Death Studies
John P Rosenberg, Debbie Horsfall, Rosemary Leonard, Kerrie Noonan
Most people indicate their preference to die at home; however, in the developed world, most die in hospital. Dying at home requires complex factors to be in place in health services and informal networks of care to successfully provide support. This study examines the ways health systems, services, and individual health care professionals influence care at home at the end of life. Three principles guide the reorientation of health services and enable their transition from hindrance to help: re-evaluation of organisational values, recognition of the primacy of caring networks, and realignment of the inherent paternalism in health care provision...
July 5, 2017: Death Studies
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Jos de Keijser, Eline Piersma, Paul A Boelen
Twenty-three nonclinical relatives of long-term missing persons were interviewed. Patterns of functioning over time were studied retrospectively by instructing participants to draw a graph that best described their pattern. Patterns most frequently drawn were a recovery and resilient/stable pattern. Participants were also asked to select 5 out of 15 cards referring to coping strategies, which they considered most helpful in dealing with the disappearance. Acceptance, emotional social support, mental disengagement, and venting emotions were most frequently chosen...
June 30, 2017: Death Studies
Edward C Chang, Olivia D Chang, Támas Martos, Viola Sallay, Xiaoqing Li, Abigael G Lucas, Jerin Lee
The present study investigated loneliness and optimism as predictors of suicide risk, specifically, depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation, in 457 Hungarian college students. Beyond the expected role of loneliness in suicide risk, being optimistic buffered the positive association between loneliness and suicide. The findings implicate the importance of fostering optimism for potentially lowering suicide risk among lonely college students.
June 28, 2017: Death Studies
Martin Lytje
This study explored how Danish students experienced returning to school following parental bereavement. Eighteen focus group interviews were conducted with 39 participants aged 9 to 17. All participants had experienced the loss of a primary caregiver. Data collection was divided into two phases. In Phase I, 22 participants from four grief groups were interviewed 4 times over the course of a year. During Phase II, confirmatory focus groups were undertaken with the 17 participants. This article explores the findings related to ideas and suggestions made by the students about how the Danish school response could be improved to better meet their needs...
June 28, 2017: Death Studies
Michael J Kral, Jonathan Morris, Jennifer White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Death Studies
Teresa P Edwards, Justin M Yopp, Eliza M Park, Allison Deal, Barbara B Biesecker, Donald L Rosenstein
The authors developed and tested a novel measure of parenting self-efficacy specifically for recently widowed parents of dependent-age children. They tested the scale among 244 recently widowed fathers via an open-access web survey. Exploratory factor analysis identified 3 factors: perception of meeting parenting expectations (α = .88), provision of effective discipline (α = .69), and sense of parental burden (α = .69). Scores on the new scale correlated positively with Kansas Parenting Satisfaction and Psychological Adaptation Scale scores, and negatively with CES-D (depression) and TRIG (grief) scale scores...
June 13, 2017: Death Studies
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends, and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
Radek Trnka, Martin Kuška, Karel Balcar, Peter Tavel
Emo youth subculture bases its subcultural identification mostly on symbols of death, dying, suicide, and other kinds of morbid content. The main goal of the present study was to explore attitudes toward suicidal behavior and self-injury in emo adolescents. Semistructured in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 emo adherents, accompanied by the analysis of emo Web discussion forums. Participants reported attitudes including high acceptance for suicidal behavior and self-injury. The identification with the emo youth subculture is considered to be a factor strengthening vulnerability towards risky behaviors...
June 7, 2017: Death Studies
Paul Daugherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Death Studies
Franklin James Cook, Linda Langford, Kim Ruocco
The landmark report, Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines, identifies the suicide bereaved as an underserved population and recommends systematic development of peer grief support to help meet the needs of survivors of suicide loss. A widespread array of peer grief support after suicide (PGSS) services exists nationally, but only as a decentralized network of autonomous programs. Some research indicates that peer support is generally helpful to the suicide bereaved, a finding that is reinforced by a large body of emerging research showing that peer support is effective in mental illness and substance abuse recovery...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Chye Hong Liew, Heather L Servaty-Seib
Although family grief communication has received solid research attention, few studies have examined how communication about grief differences among family members may relate to college students' grief experiences and family satisfaction. Online survey data were collected from emerging adults attending college (n = 335) at a large Midwestern university and analyzed using hierarchical multiple regressions. Findings indicated that family communication about grief differences was positively associated with family satisfaction but was not related to individual grief reactions...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Diane Roston
This article is a personal narrative by Diane Roston, M.D. of the suicide of her husband, David, in 2008. It is a powerful and intimate recounting of her thoughts, emotions, and behaviors from the day of her husband's death, up to the present time, as she tries to cope with the shock, trauma, confusion, horror, and intense grief produced by this life-changing event. It also includes her thoughtful reflections on how this experience has changed her personal and her professional life and has led to a hard-won sense of meaning and acceptance of the death...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Franklin James Cook
This preparatory article to a special issue of Death Studies on Responding to Grief, Trauma and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines reproduces the document's Executive Summary and Goals and Objectives.
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
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