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Death Studies

Shane Sharp
Are beliefs about and behaviors towards the Bible associated with voluntary euthanasia attitudes? Using General Social Survey data and multivariate logistic regression, I find that individuals' views of the authorship and epistemological status of the Bible; the importance of the Bible in making decisions; and the frequency in which individuals read the Bible are associated with negative voluntary euthanasia attitudes, even when controlling for other religiosity and sociodemographic predictors. I find that the importance of the Bible in making decisions accounts for the effect of frequency of reading the Bible and viewing the Bible as the inspired word of God...
March 15, 2018: Death Studies
Geoffrey F Brazda, Lillian M Range, Theodore P Remley, Carolyn C White
Counseling professionals and graduate students (N = 117) recruited online read a randomly assigned one-paragraph vignette about either a non-rational or rational suicide involving an imaginary loved one. Then, they completed the Grief Experiences Questionnaire (GEQ) about how they would feel. The non-rational suicide group expected significantly more search for explanation than the rational suicide group, but were not significantly different on the other six GEQ subscales. All participants expected few distressing reactions to either vignette, suggesting a one-paragraph vignette may not be sufficient to induce the kind of grief many experience when a loved one dies by suicide...
March 15, 2018: Death Studies
Jacob S Sawyer, Melanie E Brewster
The present study examines how meaning and belief in God or god(s) is related to bereavement outcomes. Data from 299 participants residing in the U.S. indicated that the variables of search for meaning, presence of meaning, and belief in God or god(s) were significantly related to posttraumatic growth, complicated grief, and psychological distress. Results from this study can be used to identify appropriate clinical strategies for mental health practitioners working with bereaved clients, and will deepen the breadth of literature on bereavement with atheist populations in the U...
March 6, 2018: Death Studies
Davina Banner, Shannon Freeman, Damanpreet K Kandola, Madeline Meikle, Bridget K M Russell, E Anne Sommerfeld, Donna Flood, Catharine J Schiller
While death is a universal human experience, the process of planning for death can be difficult and may be avoided altogether. To understand community perspectives of end-of-life preparedness, we undertook a multi-method study exploring the experiences of 25 community members and 10 stakeholders engaged in end-of-life planning. In addition, card sorting activities and focused discussions with 97 older adults were undertaken to highlight perspectives and needs. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative description...
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
Elizabeth Goetter, Eric Bui, Arielle Horenstein, Amanda W Baker, Susanne Hoeppner, Meredith Charney, Naomi M Simon
Knowledge about what psychological characteristics underlie complicated grief (CG) is limited. The current study examined the five factor personality traits in 81 bereaved adults with (n = 51) and without (n = 30) CG. A trained doctoral-level clinician evaluated these people using a structured, diagnostic psychiatric interview, and they completed self-report measures of grief and personality. A multiple regression model indicated that higher levels of neuroticism were associated with greater CG symptom severity, implicating neuroticism in the development of CG...
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
Michal Bat-Or, Dana Garti
The exploratory study's aim was to examine how art therapists perceive the role of the art medium in the treatment of bereaved clients. Eight Israeli art therapists reflected on this topic through drawings and interviews. Qualitative analysis identified three major roles, specifically art as: 1) a space for the client's grief work; 2) a communication channel that impacts the art therapist's experience and therapeutic relationship; and 3) a shared space where client and therapist create a new narrative. The discussion deals with the findings and their clinical implications, identifying the central therapeutic processes involved in art therapy with bereaved clients...
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
Paul Daugherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
Eunicia Jones, Megan Oka, Jeremy Clark, Heather Gardner, Robin Hunt, Spencer Dutson
Young widowhood is a unique experience that has received little in-depth attention in research and clinical settings. The present study examined the lived experiences of young men and women who had lost a spouse. Eleven men and women between the ages of 18 and 49 were interviewed about their experiences post-loss using phenomenological methods. After coding the interviews, three themes emerged: (1) relationship prior to death, (2) coping, and (3) concerns. Clinical implications included the need for more accessible resources for young widowed individuals, such as therapeutic services, finances, and childcare...
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
Chaïma Ahaddour, Bert Broeckaert, Stef Van den Branden
This study aims to elicit the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward dying, death and the afterlife; to identify whether differences are observable between middle-aged and elderly participants and to document how the actual attitudes of our participants relate to normative Islamic literature. Interviews were conducted with middle-aged and elderly Moroccan women living in Belgium (n = 30) and with experts in the field (n = 15). This study reveals that the belief in an omnipotent and omniscient God and in an afterlife strongly marks the attitudes of first and second generation Muslims in Belgium towards life and death...
February 26, 2018: Death Studies
Jenine Wenn, Moira O'Connor, Lauren J Breen, Clare S Rees
Despite research examining the role of metacognitive beliefs about coping processes in maintaining psychological disorders, to date, no studies have explored their role in the maintenance of prolonged grief. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with bereavement specialists and bereaved people with elevated grief to identify metacognitive beliefs about coping processes relevant to prolonged grief. Analysis revealed several metacognitive beliefs potentially driving maladaptive coping processes used by people with prolonged grief symptomatology...
February 23, 2018: Death Studies
L A Donovan, C E Wakefield, V Russell, Kate Hetherington, R J Cohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: Death Studies
Prachi Kene, Elena T Yee, Katherine D Gimmestad
A considerable body of literature focuses on suicide risk assessment, treatment, and prevention. However, incorporation of these research and theoretical advances in routine care by practitioners has been largely unexamined. We examine the challenges - lack of training, fear, complexities of decision-making, practical barriers, lack of usage of assessment tools, and violations of psychometric principles by assessment tools - that confront practitioners when utilizing advances in the field. Identifying and addressing these barriers has implications to help bridge the gaps between theory, research, and practice to improve quality of care...
February 23, 2018: Death Studies
Emily L Mroz, Susan Bluck
People's preferences for memorializing loved ones vary and may depend on their personal attitudes and experiences with death. Participants (N = 145) completed the Memorializing Preferences Checklist and measures of personal attitudes and life experiences with death. Factor analysis identified four Memorializing Preferences. In terms of predicting preferences, greater acknowledgement of death, and having experienced more losses, predicted preference for memorializing through Societal Tradition, Community Legacy, and Continuing Intimacy...
February 23, 2018: Death Studies
Alyssa A Rheingold, Joah L Williams
Significant strides have been made in the trauma and grief fields to address the unique needs of those who have lost a loved one to violent death. Several treatment techniques have been found to be effective for symptoms of trauma and grief that are prevalent among violent loss survivors including restorative retelling and cognitive behavioral strategies. Current interventions either are tailored for a specific mental health problem or are more universal in nature for grief related to violent loss. This paper presents an evidence-based and guided modular approach for responding to the myriad potential mental health needs of violent loss survivors...
February 12, 2018: Death Studies
Joyce Chu, Emily N Robinett, Johnson K L Ma, Katherine Y Shadish, Peter Goldblum, Bruce Bongar
The current study examined the predictive value of cultural versus classic risk and protective factors for suicide in a community sample of 322 ethnic, sexual, and gender minority adults. Cultural factors played a significant and substantial role in predicting suicide attempts (explained 8% of variance in attempts and correctly classified 8.5% of attempters) over and above the classic factors of hopelessness, depression, and reason for living (which explained 17% of variance in attempts and correctly classified 14...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
Panagiotis Pentaris, Danai Papadatou, Alice Jones, Georgina M Hosang
OBJECTIVES: Several barriers have been identified as preventing or delaying accessing to children's palliative care services. The aim of this study is to further explore such barriers from palliative care professionals' perspective from two London boroughs. METHODS: Qualitative- five children's palliative care professionals perceptions obtained from semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: availability and adequacy of child palliative care (e...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
Laura E Schwartz, Kathryn H Howell, Lacy E Jamison
Grief research has typically centered on one time point, without considering the impact of multiple losses over time. In this study, 546 bereaved emerging adults were divided into three groups: those who experienced a recent loss (0-2 years ago), a past loss (>2 years ago), or a combination of both recent and past losses. Differences between the groups on resilience, depression, and grief symptomatology were examined. Those who had experienced both losses (recent and past) and recent losses endorsed significantly more grief symptoms than those in the past loss group...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
Elissa J Brown, Robin F Goodman, Shira F Ritholtz, Carole C Swiecicki
Interventions for bereaved children and families range from supportive counseling, designed to promote social connectedness and expression of feelings and thoughts about the deceased, to intensive trauma/grief-specific therapy, designed to ameliorate symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. That said, professionals have few brief assessment instruments to match response and functioning to appropriate interventions. To expedite the screening and referral process for bereaved families, Brown, Goodman, and Swiecicki ( 2008 ) developed the PTSD and Depression Screener for Bereaved Youth, a 19-item measure of bereavement-related history and symptoms of PTSD and depression...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
Lok Yung Chau, Wing Shan Cheung, Samuel M Y Ho
Death metaphors are a meaningful way to understand personal perceptions of death, an important construct affecting how people live. This study collected death metaphor data among 100 university students in Hong Kong in 2016, and compared the findings with another study reported in 2004. Interpersonally oriented death metaphors were still popular among students a decade later. There was a general decrease in positive perception of death and an increase in negative perception of death from 2004 to 2016. Death metaphors are useful tools in death education programs, especially in cultures where death is a taboo topic...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
Karl Andriessen, Elizabeth Lobb, Jane Mowll, Michael Dudley, Brian Draper, Philip B Mitchell
Despite the potentially devastating effects of a death on the lives of adolescents, little is known about their help-seeking experiences. We interviewed by telephone 39 bereaved adolescents on their help-seeking experiences. Thematic analysis resulted in three themes: Formal support, Informal support and School-related support. Participants provided a critical appraisal of positive and negative experiences, and noted barriers and facilitators for help-seeking. As adolescents bereaved through suicide may receive less social support, professional help is a much-needed auxiliary...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
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