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Death Studies

Marsha Carolan, Rebecca J Wright
Although it has been documented that miscarriage is a common pregnancy outcome and more likely to happen among women aged 35 years and older, there is very little research on the quality of such a lived experience. This study features phenomenological interviews of 10 women aged 35 years and older. Theoretical frameworks of ambiguous loss and feminism guide the design and analysis. The salient themes suggest that women experience miscarriage from a physical, emotional, temporal, and social context that includes intense loss and grief, having a sense of otherness, a continuous search for meaning, and feelings of regret and self-blame...
September 29, 2016: Death Studies
Duncan Randall, John P Rosenberg, Suzanne Reimer
Preferred place of care and death is a widely used quality measure for palliative and end of life care services. In this paper we explore the use of Zygmunt Bauman's ideas on solid and liquid modernity to understand the complexity of the social geographical contexts of delivering and receiving care. While solid ways of dying offer certainty and standardised care, more liquid ways allow for individualised care connected to family and communities. Understanding the complex tensions between solid and liquid aspects of palliative care may allow practitioners to help dying people to die in the ways and places they prefer...
September 29, 2016: Death Studies
Eylem Pasli Gurdogan, Duygu Kurt, Berna Aksoy, Ezgi Kınıcı, Ayla Şen
Spiritual care is vital for holistic care and dying with dignity. The aim of this study was to determine nurses' perceptions of spiritual care and their attitudes toward dying with dignity. This study conducted with 289 nurses working at a public hospital. Results showed three things. First, spiritual care perceptions and attitudes toward dying with dignity were more positive in female participants than in male participants. Second, there was a correlation between participants' education levels and their perceptions of spiritual care...
September 29, 2016: Death Studies
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2016: Death Studies
Helen Stanton Chapple, Barbara L Bouton, Amy Yin Man Chow, Kathleen R Gilbert, Phyllis Kosminsky, Jane Moore, Peggy P Whiting
The Association for Death Education and Counseling (ADEC) has updated its articulation of the body of knowledge in the field of thanatology. In doing so it has relinquished the use of a matrix format in favor of a more serviceable outline containing three major sections: Arenas of Thanatology, Practice Considerations for Professionals in the Field, and Contextual and Theoretical Considerations. Accompanying the outline is a new commentary on the state of the field itself, along with an annotated bibliography of recent relevant publications...
September 9, 2016: Death Studies
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2016: Death Studies
Sofia C Zambrano, Anna Chur-Hansen, Gregory B Crawford
The appropriateness of attending a patient's funeral is a medical dilemma. This paper focuses on 437 doctors who participated in an online survey. Seventy-one percent of GPs, 67% of oncologists, 67% of psychiatrists, 63% of palliative medicine specialists, 52% of surgeons, and 22% of intensive care specialists had attended patient funerals. Significant differences in demographics and between specialties were identified in terms of barriers and benefits associated with attendance. While attendance is a personal decision, there is a need for open discussions in medical education and professional development concerning death and the role of doctors after a patient dies...
September 9, 2016: Death Studies
Syeda Shahida Batool, Hareem Azam
The study aimed to explore the bereavement experiences of women after miscarriage. Ten women who experienced miscarriages of their first child were interviewed. Verbatim interviews were analyzed through the principles of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis that yielded eight super ordinate themes: shattered planning; physical and emotional pain; reaction to miscarriage; transformed marital relationships; in-laws' support; blame attribution; identity and well-being; and posttraumatic growth. The participants shared the constant psychological and physical pain they felt after miscarriage...
September 7, 2016: Death Studies
William J Chopik
Many studies have found age-related declines in death-related anxiety. Why do death-related thoughts and anxiety decline across the lifespan when exposure to, and likelihood of, death increase over time? In Study 1, a cross-sectional survey of 2,363 adults, death-related thoughts declined across the lifespan. In Study 2, a longitudinal study of 9,815 adults followed over a four-year period, death anxiety declined across the lifespan. Further, greater social support predicted lower levels of death anxiety over time, after controlling for self-rated health and chronic illnesses...
August 30, 2016: Death Studies
Margaret McSpedden, Barbara Mullan, Louise Sharpe, Lauren J Breen, Elizabeth A Lobb
The present study investigated the presence and possible predictors of complicated grief symptoms in perinatally-bereaved mothers (N = 121) up to 5 years post-bereavement. The presence of complicated grief scores in the clinical range was 12.4%, which is higher than in many other bereaved populations, and the presence of other living children may protect against the development of complicated grief symptoms. The majority of the women were able to negotiate a perinatal loss without developing complicated grief; however, there remains an important group of women who up to 5 years later score in the clinical range for complicated grief symptoms...
August 30, 2016: Death Studies
Keren Cohen-Louck, Yael Saka
Many studies have examined the trauma bereaved parents experience. The current study focuses on the role that the Holocaust's memory plays in the bereavement experience of parents who have lost a child in a terrorist attack in Israel. Forty bereaved parents were interviewed, using semi-structured in-depth interviews. Bereaved parents related to the Holocaust memory as a meaningful experience in their private bereavement. The parents expressed dialectic feelings concerning their loss, personal victimization on the one hand and personal strength, and growth on the other hand...
August 30, 2016: Death Studies
Ji Yeong Ryu, Hyuna Bae, Hattori Kenji, Zhai Xiaomei, Kwon Ivo, Kyong Jin Ahn
End of life care decision making has become a matter of serious ethical and legal concern in the three Far East Asian Countries of China, Japan and Korea. Researchers in the three countries collaboratively conducted a comparative descriptive study with respect to physicians' perspectives concerning end of life care decisions. In spite of cultural similarities, each country has its own unique set of social, cultural, and political circumstances. So the content and scope of policies and laws on end of life decision reflect the differing views of people based on their social status, moral values, religious beliefs, and economic status...
August 30, 2016: Death Studies
R N Lene Moestrup, Niels Christian Hvidt
Despite increased focus on the role of spiritual care in palliative care, there is limited knowledge about spirituality / religiosity among dying patients in secularized cultures such as Denmark. This study aims through semi-structured interviews with Danish hospice patients and participant observation to elucidate how hospice patients reflect and act upon their potential faith. The results demonstrate three dimensions of faith: (1) "Knowing" (cognition), (2) "doing" (praxis) and (3) "being" (meaning). The article concludes that most patients had a hesitant, but according to their situation, important faith although it was not something they knew much about, let alone discussed or practiced much...
August 25, 2016: Death Studies
Fang Yin, Jie Fang, Ningning Zhou, Heyong Shen, Yu He
Chinese people tend to use metaphorical expressions and rhetorical figures to convey meanings and emotions, and they usually talk about death implicitly. The assessment of death metaphors and images can provide a better understanding of Chinese personal perceptions of death. This study aimed at modifying the Chinese Death Metaphors Scale (CDMS; Cheung, 2005 ) and establishing one which is more suitable for Chinese people. Thirty-one death metaphor statements in Chinese were created from items of CDMS and an open questionnaire study...
August 11, 2016: Death Studies
Jin Han, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Yang Wu, Yiyun Shou, Bregje A J van Spijker
This paper reports the validation of the Chinese versions of the Suicidal Ideation Attributes Scale (SIDAS), Stigma of Suicide Scale (short form, SOSS), and Literacy of Suicide Scale (short form, LOSS) among 57 Chinese and English bilinguals and 224 Chinese university students. All the translated scales showed high correlations with the original versions. The translated SIDAS and refined SOSS demonstrated robust factor structures, good internal consistency and convergent validity. Chinese students with self-reported depression symptoms tended to have higher glorification of suicide and lower suicide literacy...
August 11, 2016: Death Studies
Corina Sas, Alina Coman
Personal grief rituals are beneficial in dealing with complicated grief, but challenging to design, as they require symbolic objects and actions meeting clients' emotional needs. The authors reported interviews with 10 therapists with expertise in both grief therapy and grief rituals. Findings indicate three types of rituals supporting honoring, letting go, and self transformation, with the latter being particularly complex. Outcome also point to a taxonomy of ritual objects for framing and remembering ritual experience, and for capturing and processing grief...
August 11, 2016: Death Studies
Robert J Cramer, Claire N Bryson, Brett O Gardner, Wesley B Webber
The present study evaluated emerging adult (n = 192 college students) preferences in information processing (PIP), defined by the need for affect (NFA) and need for cognition (NFC), as they may be associated with suicide risk. The following were direct indicators of elevated suicide risk: presence of lifetime exposure to suicide (i.e., lifetime yes/no), elevated depressive symptoms, and greater NFA avoidance. Two different interactions resulted in elevated suicide risk: high depressive symptoms and high NFA avoidance, and high NFC and high NFA...
July 2016: Death Studies
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