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Death Studies

Teresa P Edwards, Justin M Yopp, Leeza M Park, Allison Deal, Barbara B Biesecker, Donald L Rosenstein
We developed and tested a novel measure of parenting self-efficacy specifically for recently-widowed parents of dependent-age children. We tested the scale among 244 recently widowed fathers via an open-access web survey. Exploratory factor analysis identified three factors: perception of meeting parenting expectations (α = .88), provision of effective discipline (α = .69), and sense of parental burden (α = .69). Scores on the new scale correlated positively with Kansas Parenting Satisfaction and Psychological Adaptation Scale scores, and negatively with CES-D (depression) and TRIG (grief) scale scores...
June 13, 2017: Death Studies
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
Radek Trnka, Martin Kuška, Karel Balcar, Peter Tavel
EMO youth subculture bases its subcultural identification mostly on symbols of death, dying, suicide and other kinds of morbid content. The main goal of the present study was to explore attitudes towards suicidal behavior and self-injury in EMO adolescents. Semi-structured in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 EMO adherents, accompanied by the analysis of EMO web discussion forums. Participants reported attitudes including high acceptance for suicidal behavior and self-injury. The identification with the EMO youth subculture is considered to be a factor strengthening vulnerability towards risky behaviors...
June 7, 2017: Death Studies
Paul Daugherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Death Studies
Franklin James Cook, Linda Langford, Kim Ruocco
The landmark report, Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress After a Suicide: U. S. National Guidelines, identifies the suicide bereaved as an underserved population and recommends systematic development of peer grief support to help meet the needs of survivors of suicide loss (Survivors of Suicide Loss Task Force, 2015). A widespread array of peer grief support after suicide (PGSS) services exists nationally, but only as a decentralized network of autonomous programs. Some research indicates that peer support is generally helpful to the suicide bereaved, a finding that is reinforced by a large body of emerging research showing that peer support is effective in mental illness and substance abuse recovery...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Chye Hong Liew, Heather L Servaty-Seib
Although family grief communication has received solid research attention, few studies have examined how communication about grief differences among family members may relate to college students' grief experiences and family satisfaction. Online survey data were collected from emerging adults attending college (n = 335) at a large Midwestern university and analyzed using hierarchical multiple regressions. Findings indicated that family communication about grief differences was positively associated with family satisfaction, but was not related to individual grief reactions...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Diane Roston
This article is a personal narrative by Diane Roston, M.D. of the suicide of her husband, David, in 2008. It is a powerful and intimate recounting of her thoughts, emotions, and behaviors from the day of her husband's death, up to the present time, as she tries to cope with the shock, trauma, confusion, horror, and intense grief produced by this life-changing event. It also includes her thoughtful reflections on how this experience has changed her personal and her professional life, and has lead to a hard-won sense of meaning and acceptance of the death...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Franklin James Cook
This preparatory article to a special issue of Death Studies on Responding to Grief, Trauma and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines reproduces the document's Executive Summary and Goals & Objectives.
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Emily M Douglas, Sarah B Ahola, Morgan L Proulx
Child death review teams (CDRTs) focus on the prevention of child deaths, but a comprehensive understanding of their activities is lacking. This exploratory study addressed this gap through a qualitative analysis of reported CDRT activities using the "spectrum of prevention" framework. We collected state-level CDRT reports published 2006-2015, recorded their activities (n = 193), and coded them using the "spectrum of prevention" framework. The highest percentage (64.2%) of activities were categorized under "fostering coalitions and networks...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Brittney L Assavedo, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis
The current study aimed to address the discrepancy between suicide rates in the military and general population by comparing facets of the interpersonal theory of suicide between civilians with multiple suicide attempts and US military personnel. Military personnel exhibited higher levels of capability for suicide but lower levels of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness than civilian multiple attempters. When comparing only personnel endorsing ideation and civilian multiple attempters, the significant difference for capability remained, but the differences for perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness became non-significant...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
John R Jordan
There is now convincing empirical evidence that exposure to suicide increases the risk of subsequent suicide, as well as other negative mental health sequelae, in those who have been exposed. This article provides a review of this empirical evidence. It also concludes that this substantial evidence base makes the compelling case that all suicide prevention programs need to include postvention services as a direct form of suicide prevention with a population of people known to be at heightened risk for suicide themselves: suicide loss survivors...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
John R Jordan, Vanessa McGann
The loss of a loved one to suicide can present difficult challenges for suicide loss survivors (people bereaved by suicide), as well as for clinicians who would seek to help them. Building on the recommendations in the new document Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines, this article provides an overview of clinical work with suicide loss survivors. It includes discussions of the common themes of suicide bereavement, the psychological tasks for integration of a suicide loss, and the options for providing grief therapy after a suicide...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Franklin James Cook
This article is an extended excerpt from the document Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines, rewritten to emphasize, expand upon, and clarify two key, interrelated concepts introduced in the Guidelines. First, everyone exposed to a suicide fatality, regardless of their relationship to the deceased, may require support services to ameliorate the effects of that exposure. Second, a systemic response to suicide ought to be organized around three levels of care, designed and implemented strategically to meet people's immediate needs, their need for ongoing support, and any clinical treatment needs that arise from their exposure to the fatality...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Diana Perluxo, Rita Francisco
This study seeks to explore the potential implications of Facebook use in the process of maternal grief. The participants were 11 women who had lost their children due to accidents or prolonged illness. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and subjected to Thematic Analysis. The participants stated that they used Facebook to receive support, to identify with other mothers, to remember the child who died, to access the child's information, to honor him/her, and to express their feelings. The use of Facebook can play a very important role in the initial phase of grieving due to the functions of this social network...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
Mike Prentice, Tim Kasser, Kennon M Sheldon
Individual differences that might moderate processes of value shifting during and after deliberating one's own death remain largely unexplored. Two studies measured participants' openness and relative intrinsic to extrinsic value orientation (RIEVO) before randomly assigning them to conditions in which they wrote about their own death or dental pain for 6 days, after which RIEVO was assessed again up to 12 days later. When participants confronted thoughts about their own death over a sustained period, high openness to experience helped them shift towards intrinsic values...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
Ronnie Susan Walker
This article is a personal narrative by Ronnie Walker, MS, LCPC about the suicide of her step-son, Channing, in 1995. It describes the particular journey of shock, despair, disorientation, guilt and anger that Walker began after the death. It also describes the remarkable personal growth and restoration of meaning that emerged for the author as she began what is now the largest online community of suicide loss survivors in the world, the Alliance of Hope ( ). The article also provides numerous examples of the power of supportive community in helping survivors of suicide loss to not only cope, but to demonstrate post-traumatic growth after the suicide of a loved one...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
Robert A Neimeyer, Julie Cerel, Myfanwy Maple
As detailed in the lead article in this Special Issue, the Survivors of Suicide Loss Task Force of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention in the United States has recently worked to formulate national guidelines to mitigate the harmful after-effects of suicide in social and family systems. In the present article, we elaborate on one of four strategic directions addressed by the Task Force, namely the development of goals and objectives for surveillance, research and evaluation of the impact of suicide loss...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
Shui Hung Wong, Amy Yin Man Chow
The present study aimed at taking the first attempt in validating the measures generated based on the theory of reasoned action (TRA). A total of 211 university students participated in the study, 95 were included in the exploratory factor analysis and 116 were included in the confirmatory factor analysis. The TRA measurements were established with adequate psychometric properties, internal consistency and construct validity. Findings also suggested that attitude towards organ donation has both a cognitive and affective nature, while the subjective norm of the family seems to be important to students' views on organ donation...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
Ceilidh Eaton Russell, Kimberley Widger, Laura Beaune, Alexandra Neville, Susan Cadell, Rose Steele, Adam Rapoport, Maria Rugg, Maru Barrera
Sibling relationships reflect a unique childhood bond, thus the impact on a sibling when a child is seriously ill or dying is profound. We conducted a prospective, longitudinal qualitative study over two years using interpretive descriptive methodology to understand siblings' perspectives when a brother or sister was dying at home or in hospital. The insights from the 10 siblings revealed complex experiences, both personal and with the ill child, their families, and peers. These experiences were paradoxically sources of strain and of support, revealing the importance of validation and normalization in assisting siblings to successfully navigate the experience...
May 25, 2017: Death Studies
Catherine Audrin, Boris Cheval, Julien Chanal
Luxury goods have been shown to help individuals coping with death-related anxiety. However, the extent to which the symbolic value allocated to possessions (i.e., materialism) moderates this effect is still unclear. Here, we investigated the impact of materialism on impulsive approach tendencies toward luxury clothing brands in a context of mortality salience. Results showed that the impact of mortality salience was moderated by materialism with lower impulsive approach tendencies toward luxury clothing brands observed in non-materialistic participants...
May 25, 2017: Death Studies
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