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Death Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535129/suicide-and-mental-disorders-a-discourse-of-politics-power-and-vested-interests
#1
Heidi Hjelmeland, Birthe L Knizek
One of the most well-established "truths" in suicidology is that mental disorders play a significant role in at least 90% of suicides, and a causal relationship between the two is often implied. In this essay, we argue that the evidence base for this "truth" is weak and that there is much research questioning the 90% statistic. Based on numerous examples, we also argue that ideology, politics, power, and vested interests among influential professionals in the field obstruct argument-based discussion of this issue...
May 23, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532343/a-suicide-research-agenda-for-people-from-immigrant-and-refugee-backgrounds
#2
Erminia Colucci, Lay San Too, Harry Minas
The aim of this study was to establish mental health and suicide research priorities for people from immigrant and refugee background in Australia. This paper focuses on the data relevant to the development of the suicide research agenda. This study was conducted using Delphi consensus method with two rounds of online questionnaires. A total of 138 and 86 participants, respectively, completed the first and second rounds of survey. Participants were policy makers, service providers, academics, service users and carer advocates in Australia with expertise in mental health and/or suicide among people from immigrant and refugee backgrounds...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532317/the-cultural-turn-in-critical-suicidology-what-can-we-claim-and-what-do-we-know
#3
Jason Bantjes, Leslie Swartz
The cultural turn in critical suicidology notes the limitations of dominant acontextual, biomedical, quantitative approaches to suicide prevention. Qualitative methods are idealized within this cultural turn as the only way to advance suicidology. Qualitative methods, however, also have limitations. Drawing on our research with traditional healers in South Africa, we explore tensions associated with making truth claims based on qualitative research. Turning the critical gaze on our work we consider the question of what we can claim to know about suicide prevention when investigating culture using qualitative methods...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532294/reflections-on-moral-care-when-conducting-qualitative-research-about-suicide-in-the-united-states-military
#4
Marcela Polanco, Saraí Mancías, Tirzah LeFeber
Critical suicidology (White, Marsh, Kral, & Morris, 2016 ) offers a critique of positivism as the mainstream rhetoric of scientific research. In this paper, we add a critique to the moral detachment of scientific inquiry (Wilkinson & Kleinman, 2016 ) in suicidology. We provide a discussion at the intersection of theory and research when considering moral care of all stakeholders in the implementation of suicide research toward the development of more humanitarian policies and program alternatives. We reflect upon our experience of conducting an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (Finlay, 2011 ) on suicide in the U...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532264/you-make-me-happy
#5
Robert A Neimeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532257/suicide-and-sensibility
#6
Colin Tatz
Suicide is a domain of darkness. Entrenched in the biomedical world, suicide is commonly addressed as a complication of mental illness-usually depression-regardless of historic and social contexts, factors critical in Australian Aboriginal suicide. Prevention programs disappoint, partly because they don't differentiate between suicide categories in their strategies. Furthermore, statistics are unreliable, and under-reporting remains idiosyncratic despite improved coronial practices. Unhelpfully, coroners may not presume suicide...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532253/from-condemnation-to-understanding-views-on-suicidal-behavior-in-ghana-in-transition
#7
Joseph Osafo, Charity S Akotia, Heidi Hjelmeland, Birthe L Knizek
The cultural context in which suicide occurs has been emphasized as critical in understanding the act and informing prevention. Yet the penchant of psychiatrizing suicidality in mainstream suicidology relegates cultural issues to the background. Through the lenses of critical cultural suicidology, we have re-emphasized the importance of culture by reviewing the two major meanings of suicide as observed in our eight-year study in Ghana: moral transgression and life crisis. We have also showed the usefulness of the life crisis perspective of suicidality in reducing stigma and sustaining advocacy in decriminalizing attempted suicide in the country...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524765/what-can-critical-suicidology-do
#8
Jennifer White
Critical suicidology is an emerging area of scholarship and praxis that brings together academics, community activists, service users, practitioners, policy makers, family members and persons with lived experience, to rethink what it means to study suicide and enact practices of suicide prevention in more diverse and creative, less psycho-centric and less depoliticized, ways. In this paper I begin to articulate what it might mean to "think like a critical suicidologist," the questions that might get asked from this position, the academic and activist allies who might get recruited to the cause, and the potential cracks we might open up in pursuit of a more hopeful, life-affirming, and just future...
May 19, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524755/construction-of-suicidal-ideation-in-medical-records
#9
Dariusz Galasiński, Justyna Ziółkowska
In this paper we are interested in exploring discursive transformation of patients' stories
of suicidal ideation into medical discourses. In other words, we focus on how the narrated experience of suicidal thoughts made during the psychiatric assessment interview is recorded in the patients' medical record. Our data come from recordings of psychiatric interviews, as well as the doctors' notes in the medical records made after the interviews, collected in psychiatric hospitals in Poland. Assuming a constructionist view of discourse, we demonstrate that lived experience of suicide ideation resulting in stories of a complex and homogeneous group of "thoughts" is reduced to brief statements of fact of presence/existence...
May 19, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494205/what-determines-supportive-behaviours-following-bereavement-a-systematic-review-and-call-to-action
#10
Emma L Logan, Jennifer A Thornton, Lauren J Breen
Very few factors that impact the grieving process can be modified after the fact to the extent that social support can. However, social support has received limited research attention, resulting in little conceptual understanding of the mechanisms behind perceptions of, and intentions to support, grieving persons. This systematic review aimed to explore bereaved, decedent, and respondent-related determinants of the provision of social support. The review yielded 42 studies impacted by various methodological and sampling limitations...
May 11, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489969/barriers-towards-help-seeking-among-young-men-prior-to-suicide
#11
Mette Lyberg Rasmussen, Heidi Hjelmeland, Gudrun Dieserud
This study explores barriers to help-seeking among young men prior to suicide. We analysed 61in -depth interviews with parents, siblings, friends, and ex-partners of ten young men (aged 18-30) with no record of mental illness, as well as six suicide notes, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Three barriers emerged: (a) A total defeat; (b) No room for weakness; and (c) Fear of mental disorder. The shame from falling short of standards (own/significant male others') could be a considerable barrier to help-seeking in a suicidal crisis...
May 10, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489494/differences-in-meanings-made-according-to-prolonged-grief-symptomatology
#12
Lauren J Breen, Michelle Karangoda, Robert T Kane, Denise A Howting, Samar M Aoun
This study investigated differences in specific meanings made following bereavement, according to participants' prolonged grief symptomatology. A survey of 580 bereaved adults (N = 580, Mage 61.6 years, 70.7% female) showed 13 meanings predicted symptomatology, with the largest differences between the two lower symptomatology groups and the high symptomatology group; the latter was more likely to report no meaning. The results provide further support for empirically distinct groups within the bereaved population, not only in terms of symptoms, etiology, outcomes, courses, and treatment responses, but also in their meanings made, and may assist in advancing meaning reconstruction interventions...
May 10, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486082/bereavement-of-israeli-arab-muslim-widows-determinants-of-adjustment-and-supporting-attributes
#13
Hend Yasien-Esmael, Yohanan Eshel, Simon Shimshon Rubin
Cultural-specific determinants of coping with widowhood were investigated by the Two-Track-Bereavement Model. Participants were 93 middle aged and middle class Israeli Arab Muslim widows. Factor analysis emitted four factors of adjusting to widowhood. The suffering and resilience factors and the total scale score were consistently correlated with personality attributes, whereas demographics were associated mainly with the suffering factor and the total scale score. The factors differed from the factors characteristic of Israeli Jewish bereaved, which emphasize the need to examine models of bereavement in cross-cultural perspective and to account for the interaction of cultural effects with psychological processes...
May 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486074/the-effect-of-a-grief-support-program-on-turkish-parents-whose-babies-have-died
#14
Hatice Yildiz, Güler Cimete
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the "Grief Support Program" on the bereavement of parents whose babies had died. The sample consisted of 77 couples. The data was collected by the Texas Revised Inventory of Grief (TRIG) and the Coping Strategies Inventory (COPE). The intervention group was offered before, immediately after and a month after death of their baby in accordance with the Grief Support Program guideline. Grief Support Program did not affect grief intensity in the short term, but had a positive effect 1 year later...
May 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471309/family-and-funerals-taking-a-relational-perspective
#15
Kate Woodthorpe
This paper explores a number of relational features of a contemporary funeral: content; participation; and commercial choice. In so doing it utilises Finch and Mason's ( 2000 ) concept of 'reflexive relationalism' to show that the contemporary funeral is an event when familial relationships can be (re)affirmed and rejected. This 'doing' of family has methodological implications for the future study of funerals and, it is argued here, this necessarily requires the inclusion of class culture.
May 4, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436743/ebola-salience-death-thought-accessibility-and-worldview-defense-a-terror-management-theory-perspective
#16
Robert B Arrowood, Cathy R Cox, Michael Kersten, Clay Routledge, Jill Talley Shelton, Ralph W Hood
According to terror management theory, individuals defend their cultural beliefs following mortality salience. The current research examined whether naturally occurring instances of death (i.e., Ebola) correspond to results found in laboratory studies. The results of two experiments demonstrated that participants experienced a greater accessibility of death-related thoughts in response to an Ebola prime during a regional outbreak. Study 2 also showed that increased mortality awareness following an Ebola manipulation was associated with greater worldview defense (i...
April 24, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426348/traumatic-brain-injury-and-lifetime-suicidality-applying-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-perspective
#17
Claire N Bryson, Robert J Cramer, Adam T Schmidt
The present paper investigates the traumatic brain injury (TBI)-suicide link, assessing whether: (a) TBI accounts for variance in suicide risk, and (b) The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide can be applied to TBI status. Matched case-control procedures applied to archival college student health data identified TBI and non-TBI subsamples (84 total). Individuals with a TBI possessed higher suicide risk than those without. Even accounting for the relative influence of strong suicide risk factors (i...
April 20, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426330/the-transformation-of-the-meaning-of-death-in-complicated-grief-group-therapy-for-survivors-of-suicide-a-treatment-process-analysis-using-the-meaning-of-loss-codebook
#18
Katherine P Supiano, Lara Burns Haynes, Vicki Pond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398131/declarations-on-euthanasia-and-assisted-dying
#19
Hamilton Inbadas, Shahaduz Zaman, Sandy Whitelaw, David Clark
Declarations on end-of-life issues are advocacy interventions that seek to influence policy, raise awareness and call others to action. Despite increasing prominence, they have attracted little attention from researchers. This study tracks the emergence, content, and purpose of declarations concerned with assisted dying and euthanasia, in the global context. The authors identified 62 assisted dying/euthanasia declarations covering 1974-2016 and analyzed them for originating organization, geographic scope, format, and stated viewpoint on assisted dying/euthanasia...
April 11, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346076/meaning-making-after-a-near-death-experience-the-relevance-of-intrapsychic-and-interpersonal-dynamics
#20
Simone Bianco, Marco Sambin, Arianna Palmieri
This study aims to investigate the processes used by individuals to integrate a near-death experience (NDE) and to discuss the use of a meaning-making component to help people who have had such experiences. A psychotherapist interviewed six individuals who reported having had a NDE. Transcripts of the interviews were coded using an interpretative phenomenological analysis. The authors identified intrapsychic and interpersonal dynamics implicated in the individuals' meaning-making processes, and the problems encountered during their integration of the experience...
March 27, 2017: Death Studies
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