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Death Studies

Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Kali Thompson, Candice Selwyn, Heather Finnegan, Tiffany Misra
In college-aged adults (n = 766), the transition to adulthood may aggravate risk factors for suicidal behavior such as poor parental attachment and maladaptive self-schemas. Since poor parental attachment may facilitate developing maladaptive self-related schemas, this study was designed to determine whether specific maladaptive schemas mediate the relation between poor parental attachment and college students' suicide proneness and ideation. Findings supported this hypothesis. Defectiveness and emotional deprivation schemas, which are consistent with "perceived burdensomeness" and "thwarted belonging" (Joiner, 2005 ), may be important intervention targets for suicide prevention programs...
January 12, 2017: Death Studies
Nancy Dias, Sharron Docherty, Debra Brandon
Bereaved parents have higher morbidity and mortality rates when compared to non-bereaved parents. While parental grief is well studied, the complexities of challenges bereaved parents face are not understood. This study describes parental bereavement challenges during the first 6 months following the death of their child. The complex parental bereavement challenges are characterized by the absence of the child, their emotional response, and the changed relationships with family and friends. The Adaptive Leadership Framework is a useful framework to identify and classify challenges...
January 10, 2017: Death Studies
Martin Lytje
Researchers today consider childhood bereavement one of the most traumatic experiences that can befall a child. Nevertheless, most models of bereavement currently limit themselves to dealing with adult grief and primarily explores the internal processes associated with recovery. Based on a study which conducted focus groups with 39 Danish adolescents (aged 9-17), this article presents The Model of Loss Navigation in Adolescence. Centered on the three factors: Being Different, Being in Control and Being in Grief, the model highlight the social conventions children have to navigate and how these influences both their day-to-day lives and their road to recovery...
January 6, 2017: Death Studies
Henry P H Chow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Death Studies
Y Joel Wong, Lei Wang, Shaozhuan Li, Huabing Liu
This study examined the circumstances preceding suicide among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans (APIA) and White American decedents using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System in the United States. After controlling for gender and age, APIAs had lower rates of recent disclosure of suicide ideation, recent mental health treatment, recent mental health problems, and intimate partner problems, but higher rates of school problems than White Americans. There were also significant race by age moderation effects for recent mental health, financial, and school problems and a significant race by gender moderation effect for intimate partner problems...
December 23, 2016: Death Studies
Daniela Cardoso, Lúcia Ferreira, José Rocha, Manuela Leite, Vera Almeida
In 2001, in Entre-os-Rios, Portugal, a bridge fell on Douro River, all 59 passengers from one bus and three cars died and 36 bodies have never been recovered. The objective is to reveal the cumulative risk from multiple losses and unrecovered bodies, 10 years after, comparing with grievers from road accidents. There are two groups of relatives of victims: from this tragedy (n = 20), with at least one unrecovered body; and from road traffic accidents (n = 20), with the same time after loss. The prevalence of prolonged grief was 95% and for traumatic stress was 70%...
December 16, 2016: Death Studies
Kitae Sohn
South Korea exhibited the highest crude suicide rate in the world. To better understand this phenomenon, we analyzed all suicides in South Korea from 1997 to 2015 and charted the trend in suicide methods by sex. Over time, both sexes changed from hanging for suicide to drug/pesticide poisoning. Gassing was hardly used in the beginning, but its recent gain in use is noteworthy. Including undetermined deaths did not change the main results. We regressed hanging on demographics and found that hanging was particularly chosen by ever-married men of prime working age with a respectable level of education...
December 16, 2016: Death Studies
Roberta Spatuzzi, Maria Velia Giulietti, Marcello Ricciuti, Fabiana Merico, Cristina Meloni, Paolo Fabbietti, Marica Ottaviani, Cristiano Violani, Claudia Cormio, Anna Vespa
The aim of this study was to evaluate caregiver burden and Quality of life (QoL) in active treatment settings and hospice care for 76 family caregivers of advanced cancer patients, using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36) and the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI). Compared to the active group, the hospice group reported significantly lower QoL scores in mental component summary score and higher scores in general health subscale and in physical component summary score. Future research needs to further investigate the complexities of caregivers' needs, especially in the emotional and mental domains, and offer effective, clinically-proven interventions...
December 16, 2016: Death Studies
Edward C Chang, Olivia D Chang, Tamás Martos, Viola Sallay
We tested a model consistent with the notion that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness mediate the association between future orientation and suicide risk (viz., depressive symptoms & suicide ideation) in college students. The sample was comprised of 195 Hungarian college students. Results indicated that the negative associations found between future orientation and suicide risk outcomes were accounted for by both perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. The present findings highlight the importance of studying positive future cognitions in suicide risk, and provide support for perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness as potential proximal mechanisms associated with heighted suicide risk in adults...
December 12, 2016: Death Studies
Qianguo Xiao, Weijie He, Yi Zhu
Given the mixed findings regarding the relationship between Mortality Salience (MS) and prosocial behavior, the present research retested how MS influences prosocial behaviors in Chinese culture. Results showed that although participants have different level of death thought accessibility between an organ donation scenario and a general charity scenario, their willingness for prosocial behaviors were not significantly different between the two scenarios, indicating that under the influence of Chinese culture MS did not decrease prosocial behaviors...
December 5, 2016: Death Studies
Ilanit Tal, Christine Mauro, Charles F Reynolds, M Katherine Shear, Naomi Simon, Barry Lebowitz, Natalia Skritskaya, Yuanjia Wang, Xin Qiu, Alana Iglewicz, Danielle Glorioso, Julie Avanzino, Julie Loebach Wetherell, Jordan F Karp, Don Robinaugh, Sidney Zisook
The authors compared baseline demographic characteristics, clinical features, and grief-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals bereaved by suicide, accident/homicide and natural causes participating in a complicated grief (CG) treatment clinical trial. Severity of CG and depression and current depression diagnosis did not vary by loss type. After adjusting for baseline demographic features, time since death and relationship to the deceased, those with CG after suicide had the highest rates of lifetime depression, preloss passive suicidal ideation, self-blaming thoughts, and impaired work and social adjustment...
November 28, 2016: Death Studies
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Christopher W Kerr, Debra L Luczkiewicz
A growing number of correctional facilities train inmates to provide end-of-life care for dying inmates. This study explores the phenomenological perspective of inmate-caregivers participating in an inmate-facilitated hospice program (IFHP) with regard to meaning and purpose in life, attitudes on death and dying, and perceived personal impact of participation. Twenty-two inmate-caregivers were interviewed at a maximum-security state correctional facility in the United States. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
Shane Sharp
Results of logistic regression analysis of data from the General Social Survey (N = 1,799) finds that those who have a strong belief in miracles are more likely to say that a person with an incurable illness should not be allowed to accept medical treatments that painlessly hasten death than those who have a less strong belief in miracles or do not believe in miracles, net of respondents' religious affiliations, frequency of religious attendance, views of the Bible, and other sociodemographic controls. Results highlight the need to consider specific religious beliefs when predicting individuals' attitudes towards voluntary euthanasia...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
Ken Estey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Death Studies
Patricia Wonch Hill, Joanne Cacciatore, Karina M Shreffler, Kayla M Pritchard
A child's death augments how grieving parents view the world, the family, and the self. Using a representative sample of women ages 25-45 who have ever given birth, we assessed whether miscarriage, stillbirth, and child death impact self-esteem and whether this loss is moderated by maternal identity. We found that stillbirth and child death, but not miscarriage, negatively impacted self-esteem. For those who experienced a loss, the impact on self-esteem was moderated by maternal identity. Women who experienced a stillbirth were the only group who had significantly lower self-esteem after controlling for background characteristics and maternal identity variables...
November 17, 2016: Death Studies
Debra Oryzysyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Death Studies
Christian Thorsten Callisen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Death Studies
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