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Death Studies

Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Nasim Bahrami, Simin Zarabadi-Pour, Seyedeh Ameneh Motalebi, Averil Parker, Yiong Huak Chan
OBJECTIVE: This research examines whether or not socio-demographic factors and hope predict death anxiety among patients with heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our sample consisted of 500 respondents who were hospitalized in a medical institution in Iran. Data were collected using the Templer Death Anxiety Scale (TDAS) and the Herth Hope Index (HHI). RESULTS: The results of current study indicated that higher economic status, having one's main source of income from friends, increased age, increased religious belief, and increased hope were associated with lower death anxiety...
November 8, 2018: Death Studies
Hong-Jae Park
The purpose of this article is to unpack concepts surrounding "the connection that survives death" between living people and the deceased. The study was designed as the qualitative arm of an integrated project on filial piety in contemporary times, and data were collected from 17 interviews with Korean human service professionals from Australia, New Zealand and Korea. The findings from the study indicate that the connectedness with the dead is an important part of the participants' mental and social lives, and this postmortem relationship can be embodied through practising "memorial piety" and "memorial work"...
October 8, 2018: Death Studies
Christine Valentine, Kate Woodthorpe
Bereaved university students in the UK are an overlooked population in research, policy, and practice. In this article, we examine the implications of this neglect via (1) international literature on bereavement in young people; (2) international literature on bereavement in higher education students; (3) UK and US literature on workplace bereavement and its implications for universities in preparing the future workforce; and (4) findings from a scoping study of 90 UK universities' bereavement support, which identified no shared comprehensive strategy for student bereavement...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Sean M Mitchell, Sarah L Brown, Jared F Roush, Angelea D Bolaños, Robert D Morgan, Kelly C Cukrowicz
Suicide risk is elevated among psychiatric inpatients; however, research has not examined moderators of the associations between perceived social support and thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB), such as involvement with criminal associates. Adult psychiatric inpatients (N = 142) completed assessments. Perceived social support was negatively associated with TB and PB; however, associates' criminal involvement did not moderate these associations. A significant interaction indicated a stronger negative association between perceived social support and TB when participants spent more time with associates...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Lilac Lev-Ari, Yossi Levi-Belz
Many studies have highlighted the deleterious psychological impact of suicide on bereaved individuals. We examined the psychological processes facilitating posttraumatic growth (PTG) among 124 suicide-loss survivors, focusing on attachment styles, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness. Securely attached individuals achieved higher PTG than insecurely attached individuals. Perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness both mediated and moderated the associations between attachment and PTG...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Anthony Fulginiti, Laura M Frey
Suicide-related disclosure enables improved risk management but disclosure motivations are understudied. This study identified reasons for and against disclosing suicidal thoughts and examined their link to future disclosure and interpersonal needs among 44 people receiving psychiatric care. The most endorsed reasons for disclosure (approach-motivations) included help-seeking, shared background, and catharsis. The most endorsed reasons against disclosure (avoidance-motivations) included fear of rejection, shame, and hospitalization...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Pamela L Hirsch
Standard models of complicated grief rely on a self-other divided mind that reflects the physical separateness of individuals. In these models, grief persists for those mourners who cannot reorganize self-and-other mental representations or adapt to identity changes after loss. However, advances in cognitive science indicate that relationships are often processed via distributed social-cognitive coding whereby individuals together form a psychologically extended common mind. I propose a novel "we" hypothesis in which shared representations, rather than self-other distinctions, shape the mind for a subgroup of mourners with complicated grief...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Daniel Lowrie, Robin Ray, David Plummer, Matthew Yau
Improvements in the diagnosis and disclosure of dying mean that nowadays dying people typically live with an awareness of their status for longer than they have previously. However, little is known regarding how transitions between living and dying roles occur during this time. In this grounded theory study, we investigated role transitions at end-of-life. We found that dying people periodically foreground and background living and dying selfhoods, focus on living day-by-day and goal-by-goal and reframe dying roles with an orientation to living...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Oindrila Dutta, Geraldine Tan-Ho, Ping Ying Choo, Andy Hau Yan Ho
To understand the lived experience of parents who have lost their child to a chronic life-limiting condition, six major databases were searched by adhering to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Articles were screened for appropriateness using the Sample, Phenomenon of Interest, Design, Evaluation, Research type tool, and relevant qualitative studies were selected for full-text data analysis using Thematic Synthesis. Findings were categorized into 13 themes that were further organized into a four-phase trajectory of parental bereavement experience of child loss, namely: Liminal Margin, Holding Space, Navigating Losses, and Reconstructing Lives...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Dong Hun Lee, Minsoo Khang
This study aims to identify parenting experiences after the death of a child. Using interpretive phenomenological analysis, we mapped the experiences of 16 parents with school-aged surviving children after the death of their sibling to the 2014 Sewol ferry disaster in South Korea. Interviews illuminate five master themes of parenting surviving children following a child's death: (a) parental anxiety, (b) conflicts and obstacles in the parent-child relationship, (c) changes in parenting style, (d) striving to support children's grief, and (e) seeking outside help for parenting...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Emily Lena Wight Bolt, Sonya Corbin Dwyer, Jennifer L Buckle, Benjamin Rich Zendel
The goal of the current study was to explore how age-of-death (AOD) and mode-of-death MOD simultaneously influence ratings of sympathy, empathy, and tragedy toward the deceased in order to assess social value. Three hundred and fifty-eight participants, mainly undergraduates, responded to a series of vignettes that described a MOD (suicide, accident, or stroke) counterbalanced with three AODs (younger, middle-aged, and older). Overall, ratings of sympathy, empathy, and tragedy declined as AOD increased; however, the effect of AOD was not consistent across all MODs...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Lisa C Lindley, Elspeth M Slayter
Drawing on national, longitudinal Adoption and Foster Care Analysis, and Reporting System data (2005-2015), demographic, health, foster care, and geographic characteristics of decedents (N = 3653) aged 1-17 years were examined. On average, decedents were 6 years old, the highest proportion died as infants, and experienced significant trauma in their short lives either through maltreatment or exposure to parental substance use. A noted increase in Medicaid coverage among decedents over time suggests critical access to concurrent treatment and hospice care, but this is unavailable to children with private insurance...
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Kim M Christian, Samar M Aoun, Lauren J Breen
This study investigated the importance of religious and spiritual beliefs in daily life in explaining prolonged grief disorder (PGD) symptomatology. Participants were 588 bereaved adults who completed a questionnaire. The importance of spiritual beliefs in daily life explained a small to medium, significant 3% of variance in PGD symptoms, but religious beliefs in daily life did not. Individuals who placed moderate importance on spiritual beliefs in their daily life may experience more intense grief.
October 4, 2018: Death Studies
Mercedes M Machado, Jacqueline M Swank
This article focuses on an innovative approach to treating people bereaved by the suicide of a loved one. Nature is powerful and restorative, and some research already supports the therapeutic use of nature to address grief. We outline a therapeutic gardening approach to use with survivors of suicide loss and present a case study. This approach can be used by counselors who work individually with people bereaved by suicide as a way of assisting and supporting them through their grief. Though we suggest that nature can be used as part of the therapeutic process, careful consideration should be made to ensure privacy and confidentiality...
September 28, 2018: Death Studies
B W Florijn, H Van der Graaf, J W Schoones, A A Kaptein
Not all physicians readily discuss death with their terminal patients. To explore whether physicians discuss dying with their terminal patients and to pursue an in-depth understanding of patients' perceptions of death, we interviewed terminal cancer patients in a Dutch hospice and compared their stories to quotes from two autobiographies on dying from cancer, Christopher Hitchens' Mortality and Anatole Broyard's Intoxicated by my illness. This narrative medicine study could potentially teach physicians they should discuss impending death to prevent the use of an invasive medical treatment that typically extends the quantity, but not the quality, of life...
September 28, 2018: Death Studies
Chuqian Chen, Amy Y M Chow, Suqin Tang
We conducted a scoping review of quantitative studies on professional caregivers' bereavement after patients' deaths following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We found 12 studies involving 1317 professional caregivers that met inclusion criteria. Professional caregivers commonly had moderate, and sometimes long-term, bereavement reactions after patients' death. The evidence of factors affecting profession grief is inconclusive. Previous researchers extensively used the framework of understanding familial bereavement for analyzing the professional caregivers' bereavement, which we found to be inadequate...
September 28, 2018: Death Studies
David Balk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2018: Death Studies
Zach Gerber, David Anaki
Terror management theory posits that validation of self-esteem is a major defense mechanism in keeping mortal concerns at bay. Yet, self-esteem often leads to devaluation of others. Self-compassion (SC) is an alternative, more inclusive construct than self-esteem. We explored among 125 university students whether SC serves as a defense mechanism from abstract and concrete threats responses, utilizing a dot-probe task and mortality salience priming. Although SC was not associated with avoidance of abstract threats, it was associated with avoidance of concrete threats...
September 28, 2018: Death Studies
Samar M Aoun, Jennifer Lowe, Kim M Christian, Bruce Rumbold
This is the first study to explore bereaved individuals' experiences of funeral service providers using these services' databases. A total of 839 Australians participated in a postal survey, 6-24 months into their bereavement. Funeral providers were reported to be the third most prevalent form of bereavement support after friends and family. Analysis found six themes related to perceived helpful or unhelpful support: instrumental support, professionalism, informational support, financial tension, communication, and emotional support...
September 28, 2018: Death Studies
F Richard Ferraro
The hypothesis that obituary notices will be less direct/less emotional in the language used for females than for males was tested. A total of 703 consecutive obituaries were examined in a local newspaper and instances of whether the person died or passed away was noted for males and females. A 2 (gender) × 2 (died, passed away) Chi-Square analysis supported the hypothesis: X2 (1) = 8.87, p < .01. Thus, males are more likely to die, whereas females are more likely to pass away.
September 28, 2018: Death Studies
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