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Death Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30235068/the-role-of-theory-in-understanding-grief
#1
Katherine P Supiano
As the tandem fields of bereavement care and research have evolved, so too has a keener appreciation of the role of theory in advancing both. This article succinctly summarizes the function of theory in directing investigation and intervention in grief and grief therapy and describes Meaning Reconstruction as one exemplar of this bootstrapping process, leading to evidence-based conceptual refinements and creative contributions to clinical practice.
September 20, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30235066/persistent-complex-bereavement-symptoms-explain-impairments-above-depression-posttraumatic-stress-and-separation-anxiety-an-incremental-validity-study
#2
Sherman A Lee
The present study examined the incremental validity of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) symptoms using an on-line survey of 255 bereaved college students. A series of hierarchical multiple regression analyses examined the extent to which PCBD symptoms explained unique variance in different domains of life impairment, beyond symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress, and separation anxiety. The results supported the incremental validity of PCBD symptoms for fear of future losses, sleep impairment, and work/social impairment...
September 20, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757097/stigma-and-suicidality-among-suicide-attempt-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#3
Nathalie Oexle, Katharina Herrmann, Tobias Staiger, Lindsay Sheehan, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
Among people with mental illness, stigma experiences can increase suicidality, and suicidality itself is associated with negative stereotypes. Suicide attempt survivors experience both mental illness stigma and suicide stigma, which could contribute to their increased risk for completed suicide. We interviewed 13 suicide attempt survivors regarding experiences and consequences of stigma and identified five stigma-related themes. Stigma led to substantial emotional strain, including loneliness and hopelessness, which are important precursors of suicidality...
September 20, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757087/death-certificate-errors-in-one-saudi-arabian-hospital
#4
Khaldoon Aljerian
Proper completion of death certificates is of vital importance. This study assessed the accuracy of death certification at one major hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We collected all certificates from 1997 to 2016 and scored them on the degree of accuracy. We found no errors of incompleteness or missed contributors to death. However, in all certificates (100%), cause of death was either incorrect or absent; 75% provided no cause of death. Further large-scale studies should be conducted in other hospitals to determine the exact prevalence of these serious errors...
September 20, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216137/grief-severity-a-comparison-between-human-and-companion-animal-death
#5
Bianca F Lavorgna, Vicki E Hutton
Grief severity was investigated and compared amongst 50 participants aged 18 to 65 years who had experienced the death of a human (n = 35) or the death of a companion animal (n = 15). Participants were recruited in Australia and completed an on-line self-report questionnaire package, measuring grief severity, social support, and emotional connection to the deceased. There were no significant differences between the levels of grief severity, however, the qualitative analyses highlighted the complexities associated with attempting to compare these grief experiences...
September 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216132/assessing-psychache-as-a-suicide-risk-variable-data-with-the-portuguese-version-of-the-psychache-scale
#6
Rui C Campos, Ronald R Holden, Margarida Gomes
Several studies have consistently related psychological pain to suicide risk. Psychache, according to Shneidman's perspective and measured by the Psychache Scale has been confirmed as an important variable in risk prediction. In the present study, we evaluated psychache as a construct related to suicide risk using data obtained with the Portuguese version of the Psychache Scale translated from the original English version. A community sample of 628 individuals responded to the Portuguese version of the Psychache Scale, the Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire-Revised, the CES-D Scale, the Beck Hopelessness Scale, and the Suicide Ideation Questionnaire...
September 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757095/death-preparation-of-chinese-rural-elders
#7
Yanping Liu, Gertina J van Schalkwyk
In this qualitative study, we explored how Chinese rural elders narrate death-related issues and death preparation. Adopting a phenomenological approach, we interviewed 14 participants regarding the particular actions they employ to prepare for death. The findings revealed a death preparation system for rural Chinese elders that is instrumental in how they converse about death, wish for a good death, make objects and symbols, and anticipate an afterlife as a worshiped ancestor rather than a wandering ghost...
September 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207877/emotional-security-theory-an-application-to-sibling-bereavement
#8
Madeleine Hardt, Lisa Jobe-Shields, Joah L Williams
There is a need for guiding theory to understand the experiences and outcomes of bereaved siblings, particularly from a family systems framework. The present study investigated the relevance of emotional security theory in a sample of 72 young adults who experienced sibling bereavement. We investigated (1) whether perceptions of prolonged parental grief predicted key aspects of emotional security (disengagement, preoccupation, and security), and (2) whether emotional security mediated a relation between perceptions of prolonged parental grief and young adult emotional functioning...
September 12, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207512/-who-would-want-to-die-like-that-perspectives-on-dying-alone-in-a-long-term-care-setting
#9
Genevieve Thompson, Chloe Shindruk, Abigail Wickson-Griffiths, Tamara Sussman, Paulette Hunter, Susan McClement, Harvey Chochinov, Lynn McCleary, Sharon Kaasalainen, Lorraine Venturato
The discourse of dying alone is negatively weighted and models of a good death identify not dying alone as a key outcome. Understanding why dying alone is viewed negatively and its effects on care is a priority. In separate focus groups with long-term care residents, family caregivers, and staff, we identified evidence for four different perspectives on the importance of presence at the time of death. However, while each individual had their own unique perspective on dying alone, the predominant view expressed across respondent groups was that having human connection near the end of one's life was important...
September 12, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204555/what-do-people-really-think-about-grief-counseling-examining-community-attitudes
#10
Lauren J Breen, Cameron J Croucamp, Clare S Rees
To understand why bereaved people who are highly distressed significantly underutilize grief counseling and therapy, we surveyed adults (N = 156) to investigate community attitudes toward grief counseling. Overall attitude was positive and women reported a significantly more positive attitude than men; there were no associations between attitude and age, country of birth, previous counseling, or bereavement experience. After controlling for gender, beliefs and affects explained attitudes toward grief counseling; behavioral responses did not...
September 11, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757098/a-phenomenological-study-of-siblings-bereaved-by-suicide-a-shared-experience
#11
Elizabeth Adams, Jacinta Hawgood, Anne Bundock, Kairi Kõlves
This interpretative phenomenological analysis explored the key issues in the grief experiences of seven young adults bereaved by the youth suicide of a sibling. We conducted semi-structured phone interviews from which we derived four themes describing the participants' experiences of: (a) the process of grief, (b) grief interactions (within families and outside), (c) continuing bonds, and (d) meaning-making and growth through grief. The stories highlight the impact of family relationships on the grieving process in siblings and the need for support to help family members better communicate, understand, and respect each other's needs as they process their grief...
September 11, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183514/death-anxiety-in-lebanese-college-students-in-1998-and-2015
#12
Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek, Mayssah A El Nayal
The present investigation sought to explore the difference in death anxiety between two different samples of students who studied at the same university in Lebanon in 1998 and 2015. Based on the changes in the social, economic, and political conditions that took place over these 17 years, it is possible to predict the change in death anxiety during this period. The participants in the 1998 study included 228 undergraduates, whereas the 2015 sample consisted of 292 students. All participants responded to Templer's Death Anxiety Scale (DAS)...
September 5, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015579/dead-wives-club
#13
Jeffrey Berman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015574/perceived-challenges-in-pediatric-palliative-care-among-doctors-and-nurses-in-hong-kong
#14
Wallace Chi Ho Chan, Karen Lok Yi Wong, M M M Leung, M K Y Lin
This study aims to examine perceived challenges, including knowledge, skills, self, and work environment, of professionals in providing pediatric palliative care (PPC) in Hong Kong and the differences in perceived challenges between groups. A total of 680 pediatric doctors and nurses participated in the survey. They tended to perceive the provision of PPC as difficult and considered "advanced skills" (those dealing with death-related issues) challenging. Findings indicate that nurses, professionals who are less experienced, do not have children, and have not received palliative care training perceived a higher level of challenges in providing PPC...
July 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015568/further-validation-of-the-traumatic-grief-inventory-self-report-tgi-sr-a-measure-of-persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-and-prolonged-grief-disorder
#15
Paul A Boelen, A A A Manik J Djelantik, Jos de Keijser, Lonneke I M Lenferink, Geert E Smid
The Traumatic Grief Inventory Self-Report version (TGI-SR) is an 18-item self-report measure. It was designed to assess symptoms of Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) included in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5 and Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) proposed by an international group of experts in grief. The research in this article used data from a bereaved patient sample and people who lost loved ones in the Ukrainian airplane crash in July 2014. Findings indicated that the TGI-SR is a reliable and valid tool to assess disturbed grief in research and to identify people needing a more comprehensive assessment of their grief in clinical settings...
July 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856272/daily-life-and-maternal-mourning-a-pilot-study
#16
Daniel Ferreira Dahdah, Francisca Rego, Regina Helena Vitale Torkomian Joaquim, Tatiana Barbieri Bombarda, Rui Nunes
This study aimed to understand, through the bias of everyday life, the phenomenon of maternal mourning. It is a qualitative pilot study on three bereaved mothers. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection and content analysis was performed using typical categories of daily life. It was possible to observe significant changes in the mothers' daily lives after their children's deaths; however, they created strategies that minimized such impacts. Losing a child leads to reconstructing one's own history and identity...
July 6, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958084/the-concept-of-death-in-children-aged-from-9-to-11-years-evidences-through-inductive-and-deductive-analysis-of-drawings
#17
Juan Manuel Vázquez-Sánchez, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, Mª Paz García-Caro, Mª José Cabañero-Martínez, Celia Martí-García, Rafael Montoya-Juárez
The objective of the research was to analyze children's conceptualization of death through drawings, using a mixed approach, which combines deductive and inductive qualitative analysis. The sample consisted of 99 children aged 9-11 years, who were asked to elaborate a drawing about their idea of death and to explain it to the researchers. Drawings were coded basing on Tamm and Granqvist's model (deductive analysis) and codes and categories were created and modified (inductive analysis). Three main categories were identified in the analysis and four sub-categories were modified and/or created: causes of death, good death, anxiety-fear and symbolization...
June 29, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947583/a-scale-development-study-exploration-of-intensive-care-nurses-attitudes-towards-futile-treatments
#18
Gulay Yildirim, Serife Karagozoglu, Dilek Ozden, Ziynet Cınar, Husna Ozveren
The study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the tool used to assess nurses' attitudes towards futility, and to explore intensive-care nurses' attitudes towards futility. Principal components analysis revealed that 18item scale was made up of four subdimensions that assess Identifying(beliefs), Decision-Making, Ethical Principles and Law, and Dilemma and Responsibilities related to futile treatments. The internal consistency of the scale was in the acceptable range, with a total Cronbach's alpha value of 0...
June 27, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393840/palliative-care-professional-s-perceptions-of-barriers-and-challenges-to-accessing-children-s-hospice-and-palliative-care-services-in-south-east-london-a-preliminary-study
#19
Panagiotis Pentaris, Danai Papadatou, Alice Jones, Georgina M Hosang
OBJECTIVES: Several barriers have been identified as preventing or delaying access to children's palliative care services. The aim of this study is to further explore such barriers from palliative care professionals' perspective from two London boroughs. METHODS: Qualitative-five children's palliative care professionals' perceptions were obtained from semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: availability and adequacy of child palliative care (e...
November 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393820/how-intensive-care-nurses-perceive-good-death
#20
Özlem Ceyhan, Betül Özen, Handan Zincir, Nuray Şimşek, Meral Başaran
This study was to determine the attitude of nurses regarding the concept of a good death and terminal phase was conducted to determine the effect on patient care. This is a descriptive and analytical study. The study was conducted with 102 nurses who worked at an intensive care unit and were willing to participate to the study. The mean Good Death Scale total score was 56.75 ± 8.90 and the Frommelt Scale score was 95.10 ± 8.53. In conclusion, our study results suggest that the attitudes of the nurses during care to moribund patients are moderate and, when appropriate care is given, they perceive the death as a positive experience...
November 2018: Death Studies
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