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Death Studies

Louis A Gamino
The author employs a developmental model of non-profit organizations (Simon, 2001 ) to examine the history, current status and future prospects of the Association for Death Education and Counseling (ADEC) on the occasion of its 40th anniversary as a professional society. Borrowing from the work of Richard Rohr, ( 2011 ) on second half of life wisdom, the author suggests that such maturity represents the association's best pathway to consolidating its accomplishments to date and sustaining continued growth in the future...
February 2, 2017: Death Studies
Lakhmir S Chawla, Megan Terek, Christopher Junker, Seth Akst, Bona Yoon, Ermira Brasha-Mitchell, Michael G Seneff
BACKGROUND: Neuromonitoring devices to assess level of sedation are now used commonly in many hospital settings. We previously reported that electro-encephalic-graphic (EEG) spikes frequently occurred after the time of death in patients being neuro-monitored at the time of cessation of circulation. In addition to our initial report, end of life electrical surges (ELES) have been subsequently documented in animal and human studies by other investigators. The frequency, character, intensity, and significance of ELES are unknown...
February 1, 2017: Death Studies
Carly Ragin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Death Studies
Annika Jonsson, Tony Walter
Where do people feel closest to those they have lost? This article explores how continuing bonds with a deceased person can be rooted in a particular place or places. Some conceptual resources are sketched, namely continuing bonds, place attachment, ancestral places, home, reminder theory, and loss of place. We use these concepts to analyse interview material with seven Swedes and five Britons who often thought warmly of the deceased as residing in a particular place and often performing characteristic actions...
January 31, 2017: Death Studies
Marcella Cameron Meyer, Steve Carlton-Ford
Continuing a bond after a loved one's death is considered typical and healthy. However, such a bond can continue symbolically only if it existed in the first place. What of indirect grievers, those who never knew the decedent? We describe bonds between individuals who did not have a living relationship to begin with, a concept we refer to as imagined bonds. Forty-nine adults, who had a sibling die that they never knew, were interviewed. This article describes the bonds constructed between participants and the sibling they never knew...
January 31, 2017: Death Studies
Johanna M Beyers, Lillian Rallison, Christina West
Research on grief is moving away from stage and task-oriented models. Instead, loss is reconceptualized as an event that will change mourners' identity over time. We envision dynamic grief work as flowing from a dialogical engagement with loss, death and illness; a terrain in which to begin a conversation with soul. A soul perspective challenges the prevailing call for efficiency, engages the voice of loss, and aims to bring value to the experience more than resolution. The process of re-becoming following bereavement is assisted by creating image-rich narratives that attend to and allow grief to express itself...
January 31, 2017: Death Studies
Rakel Berenbaum, Chariklia Tziraki, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield
People with dementia (PwD) attending dementia daycare often experience the death of others. Little research exists regarding whether PwD should be informed of the death, and if so, how? In this qualitative research, we explored, through semi-structured interviews, the beliefs and practices of 52 staff members of adult day centers for PwD about these issues. Themes that emerged are that many staff members feel their clients have emotional capacity to mourn, despite their cognitive impairments. There are many different ways to tell PwD about the death of others...
January 31, 2017: Death Studies
Rajeev Ramchand, Enchanté Franklin, Elizabeth Thornton, Sarah Deland, Jeffrey Rouse
To validate warning signs for suicide, researchers interviewed 20 respondents, representing 17 suicides in Orleans Parish, Louisiana, about characteristics of the decedent in the year, month, and days preceding the death. Decedents did exhibit behaviors consistent with existing warning signs, but these were rarely new behaviors present 7 days prior to the suicide but not previously. Research is needed to continue to test warning signs for suicide, and education campaigns that teach warning signs may not be relevant for preventing suicide among those in mental health treatment or involved in the criminal justice system...
January 27, 2017: Death Studies
Julia Hagen, Heidi Hjelmeland, Birthe Loa Knizek
In this qualitative interview study, we investigated how therapists experience and view treatment and care for suicidal patients in psychiatric wards. The focus is on aspects that may contribute toward shaping and possibly constraining therapists' connections with suicidal individuals. We conducted semi-structured interviews of four psychiatrists and four psychologists, and analyzed the data by means of thematic analysis. The findings suggest that high emphasis on diagnostics and standardized suicide risk assessments, limited direct care of suicidal patients, and fragmented mental health services may challenge therapists' connections with suicidal patients...
January 27, 2017: Death Studies
Yossi Levi-Belz
This study aimed to investigate the role of ongoing relationships with the deceased in facilitating post-traumatic growth among suicide-loss survivors. Sample comprised 58 suicide-loss survivors, 48 sudden-death, and 53 natural-death bereaved individuals, who completed questionnaires assessing the two-track model of bereavement, grief, and growth-related characteristics. Suicide-loss survivors reported lower levels of positive relationships with the deceased than did the other groups. Interaction was found between relational-active grieving and type of death in predicting post-traumatic growth...
January 27, 2017: Death Studies
Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Kali Thompson, Candice Selwyn, Heather Finnegan, Tiffany Misra
In college-aged adults (n = 766), the transition to adulthood may aggravate risk factors for suicidal behavior such as poor parental attachment and maladaptive self-schemas. Since poor parental attachment may facilitate developing maladaptive self-related schemas, this study was designed to determine whether specific maladaptive schemas mediate the relation between poor parental attachment and college students' suicide proneness and ideation. Findings supported this hypothesis. Defectiveness and emotional deprivation schemas, which are consistent with "perceived burdensomeness" and "thwarted belonging" (Joiner, 2005 ), may be important intervention targets for suicide prevention programs...
January 12, 2017: Death Studies
Nancy Dias, Sharron Docherty, Debra Brandon
Bereaved parents have higher morbidity and mortality rates when compared to non-bereaved parents. While parental grief is well studied, the complexities of challenges bereaved parents face are not understood. This study describes parental bereavement challenges during the first 6 months following the death of their child. The complex parental bereavement challenges are characterized by the absence of the child, their emotional response, and the changed relationships with family and friends. The Adaptive Leadership Framework is a useful framework to identify and classify challenges...
January 10, 2017: Death Studies
Martin Lytje
Researchers today consider childhood bereavement one of the most traumatic experiences that can befall a child. Nevertheless, most models of bereavement currently limit themselves to dealing with adult grief and primarily explores the internal processes associated with recovery. Based on a study which conducted focus groups with 39 Danish adolescents (aged 9-17), this article presents The Model of Loss Navigation in Adolescence. Centered on the three factors: Being Different, Being in Control and Being in Grief, the model highlight the social conventions children have to navigate and how these influences both their day-to-day lives and their road to recovery...
January 6, 2017: Death Studies
Henry P H Chow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Death Studies
Y Joel Wong, Lei Wang, Shaozhuan Li, Huabing Liu
This study examined the circumstances preceding suicide among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans (APIAs) and White American decedents using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System in the United States. After controlling for gender and age, APIAs had lower rates of recent disclosure of suicide ideation, recent mental health treatment, recent mental health problems, and intimate partner problems, but higher rates of school problems than White Americans. There were also significant Race × Age moderation effects for recent mental health, financial, and school problems and a significant Race × Gender moderation effect for intimate partner problems...
December 23, 2016: Death Studies
Daniela Cardoso, Lúcia Ferreira, José Rocha, Manuela Leite, Vera Almeida
In 2001, in Entre-os-Rios, Portugal, a bridge fell on Douro River, all 59 passengers from one bus and three cars died and 36 bodies have never been recovered. The objective is to reveal the cumulative risk from multiple losses and unrecovered bodies, 10 years after, comparing with grievers from road accidents. There are two groups of relatives of victims: from this tragedy (n = 20), with at least one unrecovered body; and from road traffic accidents (n = 20), with the same time after loss. The prevalence of prolonged grief was 95% and for traumatic stress was 70%...
December 16, 2016: Death Studies
Kitae Sohn
South Korea exhibited the highest crude suicide rate in the world. To better understand this phenomenon, we analyzed all suicides in South Korea from 1997 to 2015 and charted the trend in suicide methods by sex. Over time, both sexes changed from hanging for suicide to drug/pesticide poisoning. Gassing was hardly used in the beginning, but its recent gain in use is noteworthy. Including undetermined deaths did not change the main results. We regressed hanging on demographics and found that hanging was particularly chosen by ever-married men of prime working age with a respectable level of education...
December 16, 2016: Death Studies
Roberta Spatuzzi, Maria Velia Giulietti, Marcello Ricciuti, Fabiana Merico, Cristina Meloni, Paolo Fabbietti, Marica Ottaviani, Cristiano Violani, Claudia Cormio, Anna Vespa
The aim of this study was to evaluate caregiver burden and Quality of life (QoL) in active treatment settings and hospice care for 76 family caregivers of advanced cancer patients, using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36) and the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI). Compared to the active group, the hospice group reported significantly lower QoL scores in mental component summary score and higher scores in general health subscale and in physical component summary score. Future research needs to further investigate the complexities of caregivers' needs, especially in the emotional and mental domains, and offer effective, clinically-proven interventions...
December 16, 2016: Death Studies
Edward C Chang, Olivia D Chang, Tamás Martos, Viola Sallay
We tested a model consistent with the notion that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness mediate the association between future orientation and suicide risk (viz., depressive symptoms and suicide ideation) in college students. The sample was comprised of 195 Hungarian college students. Results indicated that the negative associations found between future orientation and suicide risk outcomes were accounted for by both perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. The present findings highlight the importance of studying positive future cognitions in suicide risk and provide support for perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness as potential proximal mechanisms associated with heighted suicide risk in adults...
December 12, 2016: Death Studies
Qianguo Xiao, Weijie He, Yi Zhu
Given the mixed findings regarding the relationship between mortality salience (MS) and prosocial behavior, the present research retested how MS influences prosocial behaviors in Chinese culture. Results showed that although participants have different levels of death thought accessibility between an organ donation scenario and a general charity scenario, their willingness for prosocial behaviors were not significantly different between the two scenarios, indicating that under the influence of Chinese culture MS did not decrease prosocial behaviors...
December 5, 2016: Death Studies
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