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Death Studies

Daniel Ferreira Dahdah, Francisca Rego, Regina Helena Vitale Torkomian Joaquim, Tatiana Barbieri Bombarda, Rui Nunes
This study aimed to understand, through the bias of everyday life, the phenomenon of maternal mourning. It is a qualitative pilot study on three bereaved mothers. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection and content analysis was performed using typical categories of daily life. It was possible to observe significant changes in the mothers' daily lives after their children's deaths; however, they created strategies that minimized such impacts. Losing a child leads to reconstructing one's own history and identity...
July 6, 2018: Death Studies
Juan Manuel Vázquez-Sánchez, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, Mª Paz García-Caro, Mª José Cabañero-Martínez, Celia Martí-García, Rafael Montoya-Juárez
The objective of the research was to analyze children's conceptualization of death through drawings, using a mixed approach, which combines deductive and inductive qualitative analysis. The sample consisted of 99 children aged 9-11 years, who were asked to elaborate a drawing about their idea of death and to explain it to the researchers. Drawings were coded basing on Tamm and Granqvist's model (deductive analysis) and codes and categories were created and modified (inductive analysis). Three main categories were identified in the analysis and four sub-categories were modified and/or created: causes of death, good death, anxiety-fear and symbolization...
June 29, 2018: Death Studies
Gulay Yildirim, Serife Karagozoglu, Dilek Ozden, Ziynet Cınar, Husna Ozveren
The study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the tool used to assess nurses' attitudes towards futility, and to explore intensive-care nurses' attitudes towards futility. Principal components analysis revealed that 18item scale was made up of four subdimensions that assess Identifying(beliefs), Decision-Making, Ethical Principles and Law, and Dilemma and Responsibilities related to futile treatments. The internal consistency of the scale was in the acceptable range, with a total Cronbach's alpha value of 0...
June 27, 2018: Death Studies
Eunkyung Kim
This qualitative study explored the perception of good and bad death among 15 social workers serving in elderly care facilities in Korea. A good death involved dying peacefully without much suffering, dying with family members present, death following a good life, and believing in a better afterlife. A bad death involved burdening children in the dying process, dying after extensive illness, dying isolated from family, and death from suicide. To ensure a good death and avoid a bad death for elders, social workers are encouraged to closely engage with not only elders but also their families...
June 20, 2018: Death Studies
Muhammed Yıldız, Ugur Orak, Mark H Walker, Ozgur Solakoglu
Exposure to suicidal behavior (ESB) through social networks is often associated with an increased risk of suicidality, but empirical research-largely limited to the Western populations-has produced mixed results. Using survey data, we examined (a) the association between ESB and suicide attempt, and (b) the exacerbating role of ESB on gender differences in suicide attempt risk among Turkish adolescents (N = 2035). ESB was significantly associated with increased risk of suicide attempt, and it contributed to the higher attempt risk among girls...
June 19, 2018: Death Studies
Erin L Robinson, Becky Hart, Sara Sanders
Young adults (N = 80) participated in advance care planning (ACP) as part of a death and dying course and submitted reflection papers on their experiences. These papers were analyzed using directed qualitative content analysis methods. Among the findings, participants almost exclusively chose a parent or other family member as a Health Care Agent. Twenty-five percent expressed concern about placing burden on their agent, but felt their advance directives (AD) would ease that burden. For many, previous experiences with death helped shape their wishes...
June 18, 2018: Death Studies
Benjamin W Bellet, Jason M Holland, Robert A Neimeyer
A mourner's success in making meaning of a loss has proven key in predicting a wide array of bereavement outcomes. However, much of this meaning-making process takes place in an interpersonal framework that is hypothesized to either aid or obstruct this process. To date, a psychometrically validated measure of the degree to which a mourner successfully makes meaning of a loss in a social context has yet to be developed. The present study examines the factor structure, reliability, and validity of a new measure called the Social Meaning in Life Events Scale (SMILES) in a sample of bereaved college students (N = 590)...
June 5, 2018: Death Studies
Heather Hartley, David Kenneth Wright, Brandi Vanderspank-Wright, Pamela Grassau, Mary Ann Murray
The practice of operating room (OR) clinicians - nurses, surgeons, and anesthetists - is fundamentally about preserving life. Some patients, however, die in the OR. Clinicians are therefore vulnerable to moral and emotional trauma. In this paper, we discuss three forces that shape clinicians' moral and emotional experiences in OR care: biomedical values, normative death discourse, and socially (un)sanctioned grief. We suggest how each of these forces increases clinicians' vulnerability to feel traumatized when their patients die...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Kristine L Florczak, Nancy Lockie
The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study, underpinned by the humanbecoming paradigm, was to bring forth a deeper understanding about continuing bonds with a deceased spouse and describe the transformative process of losing a partner. Each of six participants dialogued with researchers on three to four occasions about the life and death of their loved one, continuing bonds with the deceased, struggles they have encountered, and dreams of the future. It was discovered that participants told a story that changed over time, struggled with continuing bonds, suffered with loneliness and desired new intimate relationships...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Erin R Currie, Becky J Christian, Pamela S Hinds, Samuel J Perna, Cheryl Robinson, Sara Day, Marie Bakitas, Karen Meneses
The death of an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a profound and unexpected loss for parents that results in a complex process of coping with bereavement. A descriptive qualitative approach was used to explore parent bereavement and coping experiences after infant death in the NICU. The Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement was used as a conceptual framework to help understand how parents cope with grief after infant death. Living with infant death was a process that resulted in major life changes and a process of oscillating among various coping strategies...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Lisa C Lindley, Elspeth M Slayter
Drawing on national, longitudinal Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System data (2005-2015), demographic, health, foster care, and geographic characteristics of decedents (N = 3,653) aged 1-17 years were examined. On average, decedents were 6 years old, the highest proportion died as infants, and experienced significant trauma in their short lives either through maltreatment or exposure to parental substance use. A noted increase in Medicaid coverage among decedents over time suggests critical access to concurrent treatment and hospice care, but this is unavailable to children with private insurance...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Kim Christian, Samar M Aoun, Lauren J Breen
This study investigated the importance of religious and spiritual beliefs in daily life in explaining Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) symptomatology. Participants were 588 bereaved adults who completed a questionnaire. The importance of spiritual beliefs in daily life explained a small to medium, significant 3% of variance in PGD symptoms, but religious beliefs in daily life did not. Individuals who placed moderate importance on spiritual beliefs in their daily life may experience more intense grief.
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Elizabeth Adams, Jacinta Hawgood, Anne Bundock, Kairi Kõlves
This interpretative phenomenological analysis explored the key issues in the grief experiences of seven young adults bereaved by the youth suicide of a sibling. We conducted semi-structured phone interviews from which we derived four themes describing the participants' experiences of: (a) the process of grief, (b) grief interactions (within families and outside), (c) continuing bonds, and (d) meaning making and growth through grief. The stories highlight the impact of family relationships on the grieving process in siblings and the need for support to help family members better communicate, understand, and respect each other's needs as they process their grief...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Nathalie Oexle, Katharina Herrmann, Tobias Staiger, Lindsay Sheehan, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
Among people with mental illness, stigma experiences can increase suicidality, and suicidality itself is associated with negative stereotypes. Suicide attempt survivors experience both mental illness stigma and suicide stigma, which could contribute to their increased risk for completed suicide. We interviewed 13 suicide attempt survivors regarding experiences and consequences of stigma and identified five stigma-related themes. Stigma led to substantial emotional strain, including loneliness and hopelessness, which are important precursors of suicidality...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Yanping Liu, Gertina J van Schalkwyk
In this qualitative study, we explored how Chinese rural elders narrate death-related issues and death preparation. Adopting a phenomenological approach, we interviewed 14 participants regarding the particular actions they employ to prepare for death. The findings revealed a death preparation system for rural Chinese elders that is instrumental in how they converse about death, wish for a good death, make objects and symbols, and anticipate an afterlife as a worshiped ancestor rather than a wandering ghost...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Khaldoon Aljerian
Proper completion of death certificates is of vital importance. This study assessed the accuracy of death certification at one major hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We collected all certificates from 1997 to 2016 and scored them on the degree of accuracy. We found no errors of incompleteness or missed contributors to death. However, in all certificates (100%), cause of death was either incorrect or absent; 75% provided no cause of death. Further large-scale studies should be conducted in other hospitals to determine the exact prevalence of these serious errors...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Karina Elisabeth Jensen, Maja O'Connor, Helle Spindler, Andrew Moskowitz
Bereavement hallucinations (BHs) were assessed in 175 conjugally bereaved participants four years post loss, to explore whether BHs were: a) associated with psychological distress and b) predicted by sociodemographic variables, personality and/or coping style. Participants with BHs scored significantly higher than those without BHs on prolonged grief, post-traumatic stress, depression symptoms, and emotional loneliness. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis showed avoidant coping, openness to experience, and length of marriage to significantly predict BHs, while detached coping was negatively associated with BHs...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
Lauren J Breen, Regina Szylit, Kathleen R Gilbert, Catriona Macpherson, Irene Murphy, Janice Winchester Nadeau, Daniela Reis E Silva, Debra L Wiegand
Grief is a family affair, yet it is commonly viewed as an individual phenomenon. As an international, interdisciplinary team, we explore grief within a family context across theoretical, research, practice, and educational domains. Families are complex and working with this complexity is challenging but necessary for a holistic view of grief. We therefore encourage an increased focus on theorizing, researching, practicing, and educating using innovative approaches to address the complexities of grief within the context of families...
May 7, 2018: Death Studies
Panagiotis Pentaris, Danai Papadatou, Alice Jones, Georgina M Hosang
OBJECTIVES: Several barriers have been identified as preventing or delaying access to children's palliative care services. The aim of this study is to further explore such barriers from palliative care professionals' perspective from two London boroughs. METHODS: Qualitative-five children's palliative care professionals' perceptions were obtained from semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: availability and adequacy of child palliative care (e...
November 2018: Death Studies
Özlem Ceyhan, Betül Özen, Handan Zincir, Nuray Şimşek, Meral Başaran
This study was to determine the attitude of nurses regarding the concept of a good death and terminal phase was conducted to determine the effect on patient care. This is a descriptive and analytical study. The study was conducted with 102 nurses who worked at an intensive care unit and were willing to participate to the study. The mean Good Death Scale total score was 56.75 ± 8.90 and the Frommelt Scale score was 95.10 ± 8.53. In conclusion, our study results suggest that the attitudes of the nurses during care to moribund patients are moderate and, when appropriate care is given, they perceive the death as a positive experience...
November 2018: Death Studies
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