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Seminars in Oncology Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392171/disparities-in-cancer-screening-practices-among-minority-and-underrepresented-populations
#1
REVIEW
Tamryn F Gray, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Jeanne Murphy, Roland J Thorpe, Jennifer Wenzel, Hae-Ra Han
OBJECTIVES: To review current evidence about cancer screening challenges that lead to cancer health disparities in minority populations. DATA SOURCES: Research reports, published journal articles, web sites, and clinical practice observations. CONCLUSION: There are significant disparities that exist in cancer screening practices among racial and ethnic minority and underrepresented populations, resulting in disproportionately higher cancer mortality rates in these populations...
April 6, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390841/screening-and-early-detection-of-lung-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Julie Eggert, Mahsa Palavanzadeh, Amanda Jones Blanton
OBJECTIVE: To review current risk factors for lung cancer, identify screening and early detection guidelines while describing new approaches that use genomic technologies. DATA SOURCES: Published scientific literature, clinical literature, and published lung cancer screening guidelines from the United States and Canada. CONCLUSION: Nurses are caring for lung cancer patients who, historically, do not live for long periods after diagnosis. Research is revealing promising screening methodologies that can detect lung cancer 1 to 4 years earlier than the current approaches...
April 5, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390840/next-generation-sequencing-and-multi-gene-panel-testing-implications-for-the-oncology-nurse
#3
REVIEW
Patricia A Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To review past, current, and future events in genetics and discuss how genetic testing information personalizes cancer screening, detection, and treatment. A case study is presented to illustrate key points. DATA SOURCES: National guidelines, evidence-based summaries, peer-reviewed studies, editorials, and web sites. CONCLUSION: Multi-gene testing using next-generation sequencing has changed the landscape for hereditary cancer syndromes...
April 5, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365057/early-detection-and-screening-for-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Cathy Coleman
OBJECTIVE: To review the history, current status, and future trends related to breast cancer screening. DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed articles, web sites, and textbooks. CONCLUSION: Breast cancer remains a complex, heterogeneous disease. Serial screening with mammography is the most effective method to detect early stage disease and decrease mortality. Although politics and economics may inhibit organized mammography screening programs in many countries, the judicious use of proficient clinical and self-breast examination can also identify small tumors leading to reduced morbidity...
March 29, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343840/prostate-cancer-screening
#5
REVIEW
Mary Weinstein Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To review the current state of prostate cancer screening and future directions. DATA SOURCES: Nursing, medical and scientific literature related to prostate cancer screening, and national and international professional recommendations. CONCLUSION: Prostate cancer screening has been a topic of robust discussion for a number of years. Research continues to examine novel options for prostate cancer screening to either replace or compliment the prostate specific antigen test, but require additional validation before they will be widely accepted into clinical practice...
May 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343835/cancer-screening-and-early-detection-in-the-21-st-century
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer T Loud, Jeanne Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To review the trends in and principles of cancer screening and early detection. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles, United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) publications, professional organization position statements, and evidence-based summaries. CONCLUSION: Cancer screening has contributed to decreasing the morbidity and mortality of cancer. Efforts to improve the selection of candidates for cancer screening, to understand the biological basis of carcinogenesis, and the development of new technologies for cancer screening will allow for improvements in cancer screening over time...
May 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359654/future-perspectives-in-cancer-screening-and-early-detection
#7
EDITORIAL
Adam Coovadia, Julie Eggert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343839/introduction
#8
EDITORIAL
Julia A Eggert, Jennifer Loud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343838/cancer-screening-and-early-detection-in-older-people-considerations-for-nursing-practice
#9
REVIEW
Sarah H Kagan, Kristen W Maloney
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize relevant issues in cancer screening for older people for nursing practice. DATA SOURCES: Published scientific literature, clinical literature, and published cancer screening guidelines from the United States and Canada. CONCLUSION: Nurses are caring for increasing numbers of older patients and, with this demographic shift, face increasing demands to address cancer screening and detection in both primary and specialty practice...
March 23, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343837/gastrointestinal-cancers-screening-and-early-detection
#10
REVIEW
Joyce P Griffin-Sobel
OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of current practices in the screening and early detection of gastrointestinal cancers. DATA SOURCES: Literature reviews. CONCLUSION: Screening for gastrointestinal cancers is less than desirable, particularly in underserved populations. There are inadequate methods of screening for early detection of esophageal and gastric cancers. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Education of patients is needed to reinforce the importance of screening for gastrointestinal cancers...
March 23, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343836/cervical-cancer-prevention-and-early-detection
#11
REVIEW
Theresa A Kessler
OBJECTIVE: To review effective methods of prevention that can be used to control the incidence of cervical cancer and detection strategies that can identify the precancerous lesions before they become true cancer. DATA SOURCES: Current medical, scientific and nursing literature, and national and international guidelines of cervical cancer. CONCLUSION: Nearly all cervical cancers are caused by specific types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Prophylactic vaccination for HPV provides the most effective method of primary prevention against HPV-related diseases...
March 23, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063632/exercise-for-the-patient-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Donna J Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To describe how mobilization stretches and exercise decrease shoulder impairments, a complication related to breast cancer surgery, thus improving quality of life. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Medline, Medline-Ovid. CONCLUSION: Mobilization stretches and exercises after breast surgery are an effective way to improve shoulder range of motion and decrease chest tightness and pain. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses who provide care to breast cancer patients need to teach and encourage patients to exercise postoperatively to eliminate or minimize the side effects of surgery...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063631/surgical-oncology-nursing-looking-back-looking-forward
#13
REVIEW
Patrick C Crane, Louise Selanders
OBJECTIVE: To provide a historical perspective in the development of oncology nursing and surgical oncology as critical components of today's health care system. DATA SOURCES: Review of the literature and Web sites of key organizations. CONCLUSION: The evolution of surgical oncology nursing has traversed a historical journey from that of a niche subspecialty of nursing that had very little scientific underpinning, to a highly sophisticated discipline within a very short time...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062332/psychosocial-concerns-in-the-postoperative-oncology-patient
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth Ercolano
OBJECTIVES: To describe psychosocial concerns associated with the postoperative cancer patient and to discuss current psychosocial evidence-based approaches to manage these psychosocial concerns. DATA SOURCES: Published peer-reviewed literature. CONCLUSION: The postoperative phase of cancer care may be associated with a range of overlapping acute and chronic psychosocial concerns related to the surgery itself, the cancer diagnosis, and the need for ongoing cancer treatments...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062331/perioperative-palliative-care-considerations-for-surgical-oncology-nurses
#15
REVIEW
Rebecca Sipples, Richard Taylor, Deborah Kirk-Walker, Gulcan Bagcivan, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Marie Bakitas
OBJECTIVES: To explore the opportunities to incorporate palliative care into perioperative oncology patient management and education strategies for surgical oncology nurses. DATA SOURCES: Articles related to palliative care and surgical oncology to determine the degree of integration, gaps, and implications for practice. CONCLUSION: Although evidence supports positive patient outcomes when palliative care is integrated in the perioperative period, uptake of palliative care into surgical settings is slow...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062330/minimally-invasive-cancer-surgery-indications-and-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Virginia Sun, Yuman Fong
OBJECTIVES: To review the current evidence on the impact of minimally invasive, robotic-assisted cancer surgery (thoracic, gastrointestinal, gynecologic, genitourinary) on surgical outcomes and quality of life. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles, research reports, state of the science papers, and clinical guidelines. CONCLUSION: Minimally invasive cancer surgery is an important and integral component of the comprehensive care of cancer patients...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062329/managing-symptoms-enhancing-patients-self-management-knowledge-and-skills-for-surgical-recovery
#17
REVIEW
Jan Odom-Forren, Susan Wesmiller
OBJECTIVES: To review postoperative symptoms experienced by patients following surgery for cancer and discuss focused, evidenced-based methods to teach the patient acute pain and symptom management to include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies. DATA SOURCES: Peer reviewed articles and national guidelines. CONCLUSION: Although significant advances have been made in providing effective acute pain control, pain remains a serious consequence after cancer surgery...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062328/optimal-nutrition-and-hydration-through-the-surgical-treatment-trajectory
#18
REVIEW
Carol DeNysschen, Mary E Platek, Drew Hemler, Nell Aronoff, Michelle L Zafron
OBJECTIVES: To review oncology nurses role of informational continuity in regards to nutrition and hydration to ensure continuity of care from one care center to another. DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed literature, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and web-based resources. CONCLUSION: Optimal nutrition and hydration during cancer treatment and survivorship requires assessment and preplanning of needs. Oncology nurses play a vital role in preparing patients and caregivers for optimal nutrition during the surgical treatment trajectory...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062327/psychosocial-care-of-the-pediatric-oncology-patient-undergoing-surgical-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Marci Mechtel, Ashley Stoeckle
OBJECTIVE: To review the psychosocial aspects experienced by children with cancer undergoing surgical and procedural treatments. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PubMed, and PsycINFO resources. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of cancer is a threatening experience for the pediatric patient with cancer leading to anxiety and distress, which is elevated with a surgical or procedural approach to treatment. Assessing the child's developmental level and previous experiences are fundamental in identifying the appropriate interventions to reduce anxiety and distress to support effective coping...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062326/the-impact-of-comorbidity-on-surgical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Virginia Sun, Peggy S Burhenn, Lily Lai, Arti Hurria
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the impact of comorbidity on surgical outcomes and postoperative geriatric events in older adults with cancer, and review key components of quality perioperative nursing care of older adults with cancer. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles, research reports, state of the science papers, position papers, and clinical guidelines from professional organizations. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of multiple comorbidities and the associated burden of geriatric events in older adults after cancer surgery have a substantial impact on surgical outcomes, quality of life, and health care costs...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
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