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Immunological Investigations

Mojtaba Shohan, Milad Sabzevary-Ghahfarokhi, Nader Bagheri, Hedayatollah Shirzad, Ghorbanali Rahimian, Amin Soltani, Mahdi Ghatreh-Samani, Fatemeh Deris, Kamran Tahmasbi, Elahe Shahverdi, Fereshteh Fathollahi
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the large intestine histologically characterized by indistinct sustained inflammatory responses. Genetical susceptibility and environmental factors' effects play the roles in disease occurrence and it can be life threatening if remains untreated. It seems that intensification of inflammatory responses in this condition is not restricted to a specific cell line of T lymphocytes. Our aim was to determine the number of T helper 9 (Th9) cells in inflamed colonic biopsies of UC patients...
June 21, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Jan Spacek, Michal Vocka, Irena Netikova, Helena Skalova, Pavel Dundr, Bohuslav Konopasek, Eva Zavadova, Petruzelka Lubos
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate serum levels of immunosuppressive cytokines TGF beta 1 and VEGF and count of immune cells in peripheral blood in stage II and III colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 22 colorectal patients and 25 healthy controls before the start of treatment. All patients were examined by a clinical immunologist to exclude patients with immune disorders and autoimmune diseases. TGF beta 1 and VEGF were measured by ELISA, and anti-tumor cellular immunity cells (CD4, CD8, B cells, NK cells) were measured by flow cytometry...
June 20, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Milena Králíčková, Ludek Fiala, Petr Losan, Pavel Tomes, Vaclav Vetvicka
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to summarize current knowledge of the changes within the immune system, from action of macrophages, lymphocytes and NK cells to biological effects of their products. Endometriosis is a complex gynecological disorder defined as a presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus affecting over 5 million reproductive-aged women in the U.S. alone. RESULT: In recent years, the potential role of the immune system in the development of endometriosis has increasingly gained attention...
June 6, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Bo Zhang, Xiao-Ling Li, Cun-Rui Zhao, Chen-Liang Pan, Zheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex owing to the interactions of genetic variance with environmental factors. Inflammatory processes are now being increasingly implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD. This meta-analysis investigated the potential role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) as a risk factor for CVD development in healthy individuals. METHODS: Literature search was carried out in multiple electronic databases, and study selection followed a priori eligibility criteria...
June 6, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Parisa Zafari, Kheirollah Yari, Shayan Mostafaei, Nasrin Iranshahi, Shirin Assar, Adel Fekri, Mahdi Taghadosi
BACKGROUND: The control of auto-reactive cells is defective in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Regulatory T (Treg) cells which play a key role in the modulation of immune responses have an impaired function in RA. Foxp3 is a master regulator of Treg cells which its expression is under the tight control of epigenetic mechanisms. In the current study, we analyzed the epigenetic modulation of the Foxp3 Treg-specific demethylated region (TSDR) and Helios gene expression to determine Treg cells alteration in RA patients...
May 31, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Mohamad Akbari, Vahideh Hassan-Zadeh
OBJECTIVE: Innate immune system dysregulation and chronic low-grade inflammation are associated with the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hyperglycemia on mRNA expression of four inflammatory genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of pre-diabetic and diabetic individuals. METHODS: In a case-control study, quantitative real-time PCR was used to analyze changes in IL-1β, IL1R1, IL-6, and IL6ST gene expression in PBMCs of 30 T2D patients with high blood glucose levels, 24 diabetic and nondiabetic individuals with moderately high blood glucose levels and 30 controls with normal blood glucose levels...
May 31, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Xiaoxue Gong, Peng Cao, Liping Liu, Yan Lin, Qing Yang, Linyu Zhou, Tianen Wu, Mansheng Luo
Oxidative stress is considered one of the major mechanisms underlying lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute liver failure (ALF). Tamoxifen has been reported to ameliorate LPS-induced ALF via the induction of monocyte to macrophage differentiation-associated 2 (Mmd-2). Whether antioxidant effects are involved remains unknown. Mice were given tamoxifen (TAM) once a day for 3 days. Twelve hours later, d-galactosamine (GaIN) and LPS were injected intraperitoneally to induce ALF. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) was administered immediately after ALF induction as a positive control...
May 18, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Shifa Yang, Guiming Li, Zengcheng Zhao, Zhongli Huang, Jian Fu, Minxun Song, Shuqian Lin, Ruiliang Zhu
Immunosuppressive virus, which can cause suppressed immunity and vaccination failure, frequently occurs in chicken flocks and seriously destroys the poultry industry. Our previous studies have reported that Taishan Pinus massoniana pollen polysaccharide (TPPPS) possess immunomodulatory effects and improve the immune effects of vaccines. In this study, avian leukosis virus subgroup B (ALV-B) was chosen as immunosuppressive virus to artificially establish immunosuppressive models in chickens, and the immune modulatory ability of TPPPS on the immune response of chickens was evaluated...
May 16, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Aparna Sundaresh, Ching-Lien Wu, Raj Kumar Chinnadurai, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Christina Mary Mariaselvam, Joël LeMaoult, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Marion Leboyer, Vir Singh Negi, Ryad Tamouza
Bipolar disorder (BD) is frequently associated with immune dysfunctions. Studying the genetic diversity of the immuno-modulatory human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G locus in a French BD cohort, we previously reported an association between a functionally relevant 14 bp Ins/Del polymorphism and BD risk. The present study investigated the genetic and expression diversities of HLA-G in a geographically distinct South Indian population-group BD patients, as well as the influence of exposure to the neurotropic Toxoplasma gondii pathogen...
May 8, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Ravi Kumar Sharma, Vishali Gupta, Reema Bansal, Kusum Sharma, Amod Gupta, Naresh Sachdeva
PURPOSE: To assess cellular composition and local cytokine response in vitreous humor of tubercular uveitis. METHODS: Cells were collected from vitreous cassettes and peripheral blood of 8 tubercular uveitis and 5 control subjects, undergoing vitrectomy and analyzed by flow cytometry for cellular composition, activation status, proinflammatory cytokine expression, and uptake of TLR9 ligand, CpG ODN 2216. RESULTS: CD3 + T cells with equal proportion of CD4+ and CD8 + T cells formed major fraction of infiltrating cells...
May 7, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Eun-Kyung Moon, Su-Hwa Lee, Yunsoo Soh, Yuan-Ri Guo, Ying Piao, Fu-Shi Quan
Trichinella spiralis infection induces Trichinella-specific IgG antibody and high level of blood eosinophil. However, the kinetics induced by different parasite burdens during infectious periods remains unclear. In this study, rats were infected with 100, 1000, or 3000 larvae of T. spiralis (100 TS, 1000 TS, or 3000 TS). Correlates of eosinophils, antibody responses, and Regulated on Activation, Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES) with worm burdens were evaluated at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, and 2 months postinfection...
May 3, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Fatma H Rizk, Muhammad Tarek Abdel Ghafar, Nema A Soliman, Aliaa E Shaaban, Ramy Atlam, Amiraa Elsaadany, Kareman Ahmed Eshra, Marwa Mostafa Shalaby
Regulatory T cells (Treg) has been documented to be protective against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). The administration of drugs which recruit Treg cells may participate in the cardioprotection of MIRI. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the add-on vildagliptin (vild) to standard treatment of MIRI prior to reperfusion could increase Treg recruitment, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects of the standard treatment or not. Sixty diabetic patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were randomly divided into two equal groups: control group was given the standard medical treatment and vild group was given the standard medical treatment plus vild...
April 26, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Hadi Esmaili Gourvarchin Galeh, Seyyed Meysam Abtahi Froushani, Nahideh Afzale Ahangaran, Siamak Naji Hadai
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the potential of the monocytes educated with rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived conditioned medium (MCM) in ameliorating animal model of asthma. METHODS: Chronic asthma was induced in the BALB/c mice using ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization. The monocytes were isolated from blood of mice and supplemented with 50% MCM or negative control media. After 24 h, the cells were designated as "non-educated or educated"...
April 19, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Jun Wang, Yunfan Ti, Yicun Wang, Guodong Guo, Hui Jiang, Menghan Chang, Hongbo Qian, Jianning Zhao, Guojing Sun
The lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG-3) is a CD4 homolog with binding affinity to MHC class II molecules. It is thought that LAG-3 exerts a bimodal function, such that co-ligation of LAG-3 and CD3 could deliver an inhibitory signal in conventional T cells, whereas, on regulatory T cells, LAG-3 expression could promote their inhibitory function. In this study, we investigated the role of LAG-3 expression on CD4+ T cells in patients with long bone fracture. We found that LAG-3+ cells represented approximately 13% of peripheral blood CD4+ T cells on average...
April 19, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Xiao-Xiong Wang, Tong Chen
BACKGROUND: The interleukin-2 receptor alpha (IL2RA) gene polymorphisms may be implicated in the genetic susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS). This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the relationship of the IL2RA polymorphisms rs2104286 and rs12722489 with MS risk in different populations. METHODS: Eligible association studies were identified through search in Pubmed, Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus (end of search: August 2017). Summary odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects or fixed-effects models...
April 12, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Naoya Inoue, Mikio Watanabe, Yuka Katsumata, Naoko Ishido, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's disease (HD) are major autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs), and their pathological conditions vary among patients. Type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase (D1) and type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (D2) convert from thyroxine (T4) to triiodothyronine (T3). However, few findings have been described concerning the association between polymorphisms in D1 and D2 genes and AITD. Therefore, we genotyped D1 rs11206244, D2 rs225014, and rs12885300 polymorphisms in 134 GD patients, including 54 patients with intractable GD and 44 patients with GD in remission and 132 HD patients, including 57 patients with severe HD, 45 patients with mild HD, and 84 healthy controls using PCR-RFLP...
April 12, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Zhou Zhou, Zhiqiang Tian, Mengjie Zhang, Yuxun Zhang, Bing Ni, Fei Hao
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a typical autoimmune disease. Genome-wide analyses have revealed that interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) is associated with susceptibility to SLE. Our previous study investigated the role of IRAK1 in nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)-related pathways in a mouse model of lupus. In this study, we aimed to further explore the etiological role of IRAK1. The gene expression and phosphorylation of IRAK1 in CD4+ T cells from lupus patients and healthy controls were examined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively...
April 3, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Khaled A Alswat, Amre Nasr, Mohammed S Al Dubayee, Iman M Talaat, Adnan A Alsulaimani, Imad A A Mohamed, Gamal Allam
BACKGROUND: Recent investigations have reported an association between protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type-22 (PTPN-22) gene polymorphism and susceptibility to the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in some populations and not in others. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of PTPN-22 C1858T polymorphism with T1D in Saudi children. METHODS: A cohort of 372 type 1 diabetic children and 372 diabetes-free subjects was enrolled in the current investigation...
April 3, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Sadia Rehman, Nusrat Saba, Madiha Naz, Parvez Ahmed, Saeeda Munir, Sumaira Sajjad, Sobia Tabassum, Lubna Naseem
FAS/FASL signaling system plays a vital role in the regulation of apoptosis, envisaged as a death process required for immune surveillance to prevent autoimmunity and tumorigenesis along with several other biological activities. Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of FAS/FASL system can result in aberrant apoptosis, which can cause different cancers and autoimmune diseases. Aplastic anemia (AA) is an autoimmune dysfunction characterized by peripheral blood pancytopenia associated with hypoplasia of bone marrow...
April 3, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Juan González-Fernández, Marina Alguacil-Guillén, Carmen Cuéllar, Alvaro Daschner
In a recent case report, patient's anti-fish tropomyosin IgE was associated with gastrointestinal symptoms. We aimed to demonstrate on a wider scale that the panallergen tropomyosin should not be limited to invertebrate species and that clinically relevant reactions could be elicited by vertebrate tropomyosin. On the whole, 19 patients with adverse reactions after fish intake and showing negative skin tests with commercial fish extracts were included. Fish tropomyosin was recognized by 10/19 patients' IgE by immunoblotting...
May 2018: Immunological Investigations
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