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Immunological Investigations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287857/assessment-of-immunomodulatory-activities-and-in-vitro-toxicity-of-new-quinolone-7-ethyl-9-ethyl-6-oxo-6-9-dihydro-1-2-5-selenadiazolo-3-4-h-quinoline-7-carboxylate
#1
Soňa Jantová, Ema Paulovičová, Lucia Paulovičová, Dominika Topoľská, Miroslav Pánik, Viktor Milata
Our previous studies on leukemia cells L1210 and cervical cancer HeLa cells revealed cytotoxic effects of the 7-ethyl 9-ethyl-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro[1,2,5]selenadiazolo[3,4-h]quinoline-7-carboxylate (E2h), a new synthetically prepared quinolone derivative, toward selected cancer cell lines. The aim of the present study was to examine the cytotoxicity of E2h toward next cell lines and tissues; that is, human cancer HL-60 and A549 cells, human non-cancer fibroblast BHNF-1 cells, and reconstructed human epidermis tissues...
March 13, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287848/immunomodulating-and-immunoresistance-properties-of-cancer-initiating-cells-implications-for-the-clinical-success-of-immunotherapy
#2
Cristina Maccalli, Giorgio Parmiani, Soldano Ferrone
Cancer-initiating cells (CICs) represent a relatively rare subpopulation of cells endowed with self-renewal, stemness properties, tumorigenicity in immunodeficient mice, and resistance to standard therapies as well as to immunotherapy. Here, we review the biological and immunological characteristics of CICs with special focus on the immunomodulating mechanisms they utilize to escape from immunosurveillance. The recently developed immunotherapeutic strategies have yielded remarkable clinical results in many types of tumors, indicating that indeed a patient's immune system can mount an immune response, which is effective in controlling tumor growth...
March 13, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151034/sfrp3-and-dkk1-regulate-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-markers-and-wnt-elements-expression-depending-on-cellular-context
#3
Dorra Elhaj Mahmoud, Nadia Sassi, Ghassen Drissi, Maher Barsaoui, Khaled Zitouna, Hela Sahli, Maryam Kallel-Sellami, Lassad Kanoun, Elhem Cheour, Lilia Laadhar
CONTEXT: Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) display pathogenic behavior. Various members of the Wnt pathway, especially the canonical Wnt/β-catenin cascade, may contribute to autonomous RA FLS activation. It has been shown that the two Wnt inhibitors: sFRP3 and DKK1 contribute to several critical aspects of joint biology. However, their effects on RA FLS are poorly characterized. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of sFRP3 and DKK1 on FLS markers, Wnt components, and target oncogenes expression by RA FLS and compare the findings to osteoarthritic (OA) FLS...
February 2, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151033/graft-immunocomplex-capture-fluorescence-analysis-to-detect-donor-specific-antibodies-and-hla-antigen-complexes-in-the-allograft
#4
Tsukasa Nakamura, Hidetaka Ushigome, Kiyoko Watabe, Yui Imanishi, Koji Masuda, Takehisa Matsuyama, Shumpei Harada, Katsuhiro Koshino, Taku Iida, Shuji Nobori, Norio Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: Immunocomplex capture fluorescence analysis (ICFA) is an attractive method to detect donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) and HLA antigen complexes. Currently, antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) due to DSA is usually diagnosed by C4d deposition and serological DSA detection. Conversely, there is a discrepancy between these findings frequently. Thereupon, our graft ICFA technique may contribute to establish the diagnosis of AMR. METHODS: Graft samples were obtained by a percutaneous needle biopsy...
February 2, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151028/the-association-of-interleukin-16-gene-polymorphisms-with-il-16-serum-levels-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Mehrdad Farrokhi, Aria Masoudifar, Ali Derakhshan, Samira Saadatmand, Hojjat Rouhi-Boroujeni, Masoud Etemadifar, Saeid Rezaei-Zarji, Ameneh Javid, Reza Nobakht, Mitra Deyhimi, Afagh Ekramnia, Milad Ebrahimi, Sajad Sheikh, Sadra Ansaripour, Ali Amani-Beni, Hamidreza Jahanbani-Ardakani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory, demyelinating, and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that is immunologically mediated in genetically susceptible individuals. Interleukin-16 (IL-16), a pleiotropic cytokine, is an important regulator of T-cell activation which plays a key role in autoimmune diseases. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-16 gene may lead to altered cytokine expression or biological activity, and these variations may modulate an individual's risk for MS...
February 2, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332870/changes-in-the-level-of-immunoglobulins-and-cd4-cd8-ratio-in-young-and-aged-mice-with-estradiol-deficiency
#6
Ming-Jun Shao, Yi-Jun Zhu, Ying-Er Qiu, Min Hu, Yun-Qin He
Studies demonstrated that deficiency in 17β-estradiol (E2) in postmenopausal women influences their immune system. However, few studies have reported alterations in immunologic presentation during nonnatural menopause in young females. Here we compared the differences in immune response between young C57BL/6N mice with surgical or medical variectomy and aged C57BL/6N mice with the common feature of E2 deficiency following Con A stimulation. We observed inverted CD4/CD8 ratios in the aged group and apparent reduced production of serum immunoglobin (Ig)G, IgA, and IgM in the surgical group, whereas changes in immune parameters in the medical group were moderate...
April 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967265/local-and-systemic-profiles-of-inflammatory-cytokines-in-carrageenan-induced-paw-inflammation-in-rats
#7
Parvathi Annamalai, Elden Berla Thangam
OBJECTIVE: Carrageenan (CA)-induced edema has been described as highly reproducible model of acute inflammation. However, little is known about the cytokines attributed to the CA-induced inflammation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the local and systemic expression profiles of various inflammatory cytokines following the subplantar injection of CA in rats. METHODOLOGY: Acute inflammation was induced in male Wistar rats by subplantar injection of CA. Serum and paw tissue were examined for the level of 19 specific inflammatory cytokines using antibody array...
April 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967264/tamoxifen-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-galactosamine-induced-acute-liver-failure-by-antagonizing-hepatic-inflammation-and-apoptosis
#8
Peng Zhang, Meisheng Zhang, Mengqi Wan, Xiaoliu Huang, Yan Jiang, Siying Xu, Mansheng Luo
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute liver failure (ALF) is a common severe clinical syndrome in intensive care unit. No other methods are available for its prevention apart from supportive treatment and liver transplantation. Tamoxifen (TAM) was reported to attenuate ALF induced by excessive acetaminophen, while its effect on LPS-induced ALF remained unknown. For this, in the present study, we comprehensively assessed whether TAM can attenuate ALF induced by LPS/galactosamine (GaIN). Mice were given TAM once a day for three times...
April 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967259/vinpocetine-inhibited-the-cpg-oligodeoxynucleotide-induced-immune-response-in-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells
#9
Xungang Feng, Yuzhong Wang, Yanlei Hao, Qun Ma, Jun Dai, Zhibo Liang, Yantao Liu, Xiangyuan Li, Yan Song, Chuanping Si
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) exert dual roles in immune responses through inducing inflammation and maintaining immune tolerance. A switch of pDC phenotype from pro-inflammation to tolerance has therapeutic promise in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Vinpocetine, a vasoactive vinca alkaloid extracted from the periwinkle plant, has recently emerged as an immunomodulatory agent. In this study, we evaluated the effect of vinpocetine on phenotype of pDCs isolated from C57BL/6 mice and explored its possible mechanism...
April 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960564/monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-mcp-1-ccl2-levels-and-its-association-with-renal-allograft-rejection
#10
Ali Raza, Sadaf Firasat, Shagufta Khaliq, Abdul Rafay Khan, Shafaq Mahmood, Tahir Aziz, Muhammad Mubarak, Syed Ali Anwar Naqvi, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi, Aiysha Abid
BACKGROUND: CCL2 is a chemoattractant for monocytes/macrophages, T cells, and natural killer cells. It is shown to be involved in the immunological responses against renal allograft. This study was conducted to access the role of urinary CCL2 expression in predicting the rejection episodes in renal transplant patients. METHOD: A total of 409 urine samples included in this study. The samples were consisted of (a) biopsy-proven graft rejection (n = 165); (b) non-rejection (n = 93); (c) non-biopsy stable-graft (n = 42), and (d) healthy renal donors (n = 109)...
April 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982730/meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-tnf-%C3%AE-308g-a-and-il-10-819c-t-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-dengue
#11
Ana Caroline Melo Dos Santos, Edilson Leite de Moura, Jean Moisés Ferreira, Barbara Rayssa Correia Dos Santos, Verônica de Medeiros Alves, Karol Fireman de Farias, Elaine Virgínia Martins de Souza Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and Interleukin-10 (IL-10) polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to dengue. METHODS: a systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted of the associations between the TNF-α (-308G/A) and IL-10 (-819C/T) polymorphisms and dengue. RESULTS: A total of eight case-controls studies involving 384 individuals with symptomatic dengue, 571 individuals with dengue hemorrhagic fever, and 995 healthy controls were considered in the meta-analysis...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911110/mannose-binding-lectin-deficiency-in-brazilian-patients-with-spondyloarthritis
#12
Thelma L Skare, Renato Nisihara, Juliana Z Cieslinski, João O Zeni, Henrique N Rasera, Iara Messias-Reason, Shirley R R Utiyama
BACKGROUND: Infections are usually involved in the pathogenesis of spondyloarthritis (SpA). Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a component of the innate immune system with an important role in microbial defense. OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of MBL deficiency in SpA patients as well as its influence in the clinical profile of these diseases. METHODS: We studied 89 SpA patients and 89 healthy individuals, paired for age and gender. MBL serum levels were measured by ELISA test...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911104/upregulation-of-t-cell-immunoglobulin-and-mucin-domain-containing-3-tim-3-in-monocytes-macrophages-associates-with-gastric-cancer-progression
#13
Zhenxin Wang, Ni Yin, Zixiang Zhang, Yi Zhang, Guangbo Zhang, Weichang Chen
T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (Tim-3) is an important immune regulatory molecule in cancer immune system. However, expression and function of Tim-3 in monocytes/macrophages in cancer progression mainly remain unclear. In this study, we analyzed Tim-3 levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 62 gastric cancer patients and 45 healthy controls using flow cytometry and then associated Tim-3 levels with clinical pathological data from patients. We found Tim-3 level was significantly upregulated in monocytes from gastric cancer patients compared with those from healthy controls, and that upregulated Tim-3 levels associated with depth of tumor invasion and tumor lymph node metastasis and advanced clinical stages of gastric cancer patients...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911102/anti-cd14-antibody-treated-neutrophils-respond-to-lps-possible-involvement-of-cd14-upregulated-by-anti-cd14-antibody-binding
#14
Terukazu Sanui, Masaaki Takeshita, Takao Fukuda, Akira Haraguchi, Yoshitomi Aida, Fusanori Nishimura
CD14 and Toll-like receptor 4/MD2 (TLR4/MD2) mediate the action of LPS on neutrophils. The anti-CD14 antibody and the TLR4/MD2-antagonist, synthetic lipid IVa (LA-14-PP), are known to inhibit the response of neutrophils to LPS. We studied the role of CD14 in LPS-induced priming of neutrophils for enhanced release of the superoxide anion. The anti-CD14 antibody at much higher concentrations than required to saturate CD14 was required to inhibit priming by LPS. The inhibitory effect of the anti-CD14 antibody was overcome by LPS...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819528/interferon-gamma-ifn-%C3%AE-is-elevated-in-wound-exudate-from-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#15
Anirban Banerjee, Sean McNish, Victoria K Shanmugam
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic recurrent inflammatory disease of apocrine glands which affects 1-4% of young adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate inflammatory cytokines in effluent from HS lesions and to identify potential local drivers of inflammation in HS. Wound fluid specimens from HS patients (n = 8) and age-matched chronic wound patients (n = 8) were selected for analysis. The hidradenitis suppurativa score (HSS) was used to determine the extent of HS activity. Cytokine analysis was conducted using Meso Scale Discovery cytokine and proinflammatory panels...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819527/tigit-a-novel-therapeutic-target-for-tumor-immunotherapy
#16
REVIEW
Xin-Guang Liu, Ming Hou, Yu Liu
Co-inhibitory and co-stimulatory receptors act in concert to regulate adaptive immune cell function, and the balance of these receptors is essential for the maintenance of immune homeostasis. Tumors constitute highly suppressive microenvironments in which elevated expression of co-inhibitory receptors on tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) is often found. Functional blockade of the co-inhibitory receptors such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) have yielded encouraging outcomes in tumors, generating substantial interest in seeking for additional co-inhibitory molecules that may act as potential interfering targets...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819525/il12-gene-polymorphism-in-association-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-hcv-infected-egyptian-patients
#17
Heba Mosaad Elsayed, Yasmin Nabiel, Tarek Sheta
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma has been recorded the commonest cancer in Egypt. This increasing incidence may be attributed to the high prevalence of hepatitis C virus with its complications, so this study aimed to investigate the association between the potentially functional polymorphisms of IL12A and IL12B genes as a risk factor of development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on top of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in an Egyptian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We genotyped two loci of IL12 which were rs568408 (3'UTR G>A) for IL12A and rs3212227 (3'UTR A>C) for IL12B in 78 patients with HCC on top of chronic HCV infection...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819519/association-of-the-ifn-%C3%AE-874a-t-genetic-polymorphism-with-paranoid-schizophrenia-in-tunisian-population
#18
Achraf Jemli, Awatef Eshili, Fatma Trifa, Anouar Mechri, Ferid Zaafrane, Lotfi Gaha, George Juckel, Besma Bel Hadj Jrad Tensaout
Since growing evidence suggests a significant role of chronic low-grade inflammation in the physiopathology of schizophrenia, we have hypothesized that functional genetic variant of the IFN gamma (IFN-γ; +874A/T; rs2430561) gene may be involved in the predisposition to schizophrenia. This research is based on a case-control study which aims to identify whether polymorphism of the IFN-γ gene is a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia. The RFLP-PCR genotyping of the IFN-γ gene was conducted on a Tunisian population composed of 218 patients and 162 controls...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749127/association-between-functional-cyp2d6-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-autoimmune-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#19
Young Ho Lee, Sang-Cheol Bae
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore whether functional CYP2D6 polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted on associations between autoimmune diseases and functional CYP2D6*4 1934 A/G and *3 polymorphisms and CYP2D6 phenotypes. RESULTS: Twelve studies with 1,472 patients and 3,328 controls were included. Autoimmune disease and the CYP2D6 1934 A allele were significantly associated in the overall group, consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (OR = 1...
February 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798840/interferon-regulatory-factor-5-gene-polymorphisms-in-iranian-women-with-unexplained-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#20
Rakhshan Amiri Jahromi, Mahboobeh Nasiri, Athar Rasekh Jahromi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of three functional IRF5 rs10954213, rs3757385, and rs41298401 polymorphisms with susceptibility to unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) among Iranian women from south of Iran. METHODS: 176 women with unexplained RPL and 173 healthy postmenopausal controls were enrolled in this case-control study. Genotyping of the polymorphisms rs10954213 and rs3757385 was carried out using touchdown tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (T-ARMS PCR), and polymorphism rs41298401 was typed using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
January 2017: Immunological Investigations
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