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Immunological Investigations

Nasrin Iranshahi, Shirin Assar, Seyed Mojtaba Amiri, Parisa Zafari, Adel Fekri, Mahdi Taghadosi
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-35 (IL-35) is a member of the IL-12 family of heterodimeric cytokines produced by regulatory T (Treg) cells. This immunosuppressive cytokine can prevent exaggerated inflammatory responses like those responsible for the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aims to determine the correlation between the gene expression of Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI-3) and IL-12A (p35) subunits of IL-35 in peripheral blood leukocytes with immunological and clinical parameters in RA patients...
December 4, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Eun-Kyung Moon, Hae-Ji Kang, Ki-Back Chu, Su-Hwa Lee, Dong-Hun Lee, Yunsoo Soh, Fu-Shi Quan
Influenza virus-like particle (VLPs) vaccines are a promising alternative to conventional egg-based vaccines. Evaluation of vaccine efficacy induced by HA-M1 VLPs, NA-M1 VLPs or M1 VLPs against virus challenge infection would provide important insight into vaccine design strategy. In this study, we generated VLPs containing hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (NA) or M1 proteins derived from the A/California/04/09. Mice were immunized intramuscularly with HA-M1, NA-M1 or M1 VLPs and protective immunity was evaluated by assessing lung virus loads against low (5LD50) or high (100LD50) lethal dose of homologous virus challenges...
November 15, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Giacomo Crotti, Francesco Gianfagna, Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Amalia De Curtis, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
The association between obesity and mortality in the elderly remains controversial. To test the association between BMI and mortality, with the hypothesis of a mediation by low-grade inflammation (LGI), a prospective study design (median follow-up 7.8 years) was used on a sample of 4,970 elderly subjects (age ≥ 65 years) from the Moli-sani Study cohort. The association between BMI categories and overall or cause-specific mortality (hazard ratio, HR) was calculated by multivariable Cox regression. Dose-response relationship was tested using restricted cubic splines...
November 13, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Ibnu A Ariyanto, Riwanti Estiasari, Lukman Edwar, Nandini Makwana, Silvia Lee, Patricia Price
BACKGROUND: Active infections with cytomegalovirus (CMV) increase NK cell expression of the inhibitory receptor LIR-1 and the activating receptor NKG2C in transplant recipients. However, the effects of CMV on NK cells are different in HIV patients stable on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and have not been analyzed in young HIV patients beginning ART. METHODOLOGY: We followed a cohort of 78 Indonesian HIV patients beginning ART. CMV antibodies were measured in plasma before ART (baseline), and after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
November 13, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Farshid Fathi, Zahra Faghih, Bijan Khademi, Toomaj Kayedi, Nasrollah Erfani, Abbas Gahderi
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) are the most common cancers of head and neck and the sixth most common malignancy worldwide. Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) is an immune inhibitory molecule which through interaction with its ligands recruits protein phosphatase resulting in immune response inhibition. Expression of PD-1 ligands on tumor cells is considered as one of the crucial immune evasion mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the association of PD-1 gene polymorphisms at positions PD1...
October 30, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Miki Nagashima, Madoka Koyanagi, Yutaka Arimura
Allergic diseases have increased in the last three decades. Mast cells play a critical role in allergic diseases along with allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE). Following mast cell degranulation elicited by ligation of the IgE-FcεRI receptor complex with allergen, allergic reactions are followed by various symptoms such as vascular hyperpermeability, mucous secretion, itching, sneezing, wheezing, rashes, fever, and anaphylactic shock. Susceptibility or inclination to allergy varies depending on individual genetic traits and living environment, and it has long been believed that such an inclination is determined by an immunologic balance of T helper cell types...
October 18, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Ana Barić, Luka Brčić, Sanda Gračan, Veselin Škrabić, Marko Brekalo, Marta Šimunac, Vesela Torlak Lovrić, Iva Anić, Maja Barbalić, Tatijana Zemunik, Ante Punda, Vesna Boraska Perica
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is the most common form of autoimmune thyroid disorders characterized by lower production of thyroid hormones and positivity to autoantibodies to thyroglobulin (TgAb) and/or thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb). We performed a comprehensive phenotypic characterization of patients with HT, with specific focus on thyroid autoimmunity, to get better understanding of disease manifestation. METHODS: We collected information on thyroid-specific phenotypes (TSH, T3, T4, fT4, TgAb, TPOAb, thyroid volume) and other clinical phenotypes (age, body surface area, number of hypothyroidism symptoms, blood pressure) from 290 patients with HT without levothyroxine (LT4) therapy with the aim to test for correlations between thyroid-specific and clinical phenotypes...
October 17, 2018: Immunological Investigations
YunLong Zhuang, XiXi Li, Xiaohua Li, HuiCong Xu, Hui Ye, Di Sun, XiangZhong Liu, GuiJie Ren
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China do not respond to entecavir (ETV) treatment. It remains unclear whether the Killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotypes and haplotypes were associated with the advantage of seroconversion in phepatitis B e-Antigen (HBeAg) positive CHB patients treated with ETV. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) was used to analyze KIR genes in a Chinese Han population of 198 ETV-treated HBeAg-positive CHB patients and 200 healthy controls...
October 16, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Binnian Zhu, Tianyu He, Xiangyun Gao, Minghua Shi, Hongxiang Sun
PURPOSE: The purified fraction of Albizia julibrissin saponins (AJSAF) was evaluated and characterized for the adjuvant activity on porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine. METHODS: The effects of AJSAF on serum PRRSV N protein-specific antibody titers, splenocyte proliferation, natural killer (NK) cell activity, mRNA expression of cytokines and transcription factors, secretion of cytokines, T cells response in splenocytes, as well as delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) in the mice immunized PRRSV vaccine were determined by ELISA, MTT assay, flow cytometry and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)...
October 16, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Vikas Kailashiya, Usha Singh, Ranjan Rana, Nand Kumar Singh, Debabrata Dash, Jyotsna Kailashiya
PURPOSE: Impairment in number and functions of regulatory T cells (Treg) has been found to be associated with many autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was conducted to identify and compare Treg by flow cytometry using two different staining approaches. METHODS: Treg were identified by using CD4+CD25+high and CD4+CD25+CD127dim staining approaches in SLE and RA patients and healthy controls. Association of both identified Treg levels with various serum markers and clinical presentation was also examined...
October 16, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Josef Fontana, Michal Zima, Vaclav Vetvicka
Numerous conditions, including cancer, diabetes, aging, and atherosclerosis, are thought to be associated with oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is defined as a persistent imbalance between oxidation and antioxidation, resulting in the damage of cellular macromolecules and is often considered to be involved in wide variety of human diseases. However, the current literature is very heterogeneous making it rather difficult to draw general conclusions. Often, different biomarkers have been used in different health problems...
October 15, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Youssef M Mosaad, Shereen S Metwally, Raghda E Farag, Zakeria F Lotfy, Hosam E AbdelTwab
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent results were reported on the association of TLRs polymorphisms with the risk of HCV infection and HCV-related diseases. OBJECTIVE: to assess the relation between TLR3 rs3775290, TLR7 rs17900 and TLR9 rs352140 SNPs and chronic HCV in the Egyptian cohort and to study their relation to interferon response. METHODS: TLR3 rs3775290, TLR7 rs179008 and TLR9 rs352140 gene polymorphisms were typed by RFLP for 100 patients with chronic HCV and 25 with HCC in addition to 100 healthy controls...
October 15, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Piamsiri Sawaisorn, Tienrat Tangchaikeeree, Waraporn Chan-On, Chaniya Leepiyasakulchai, Rachanee Udomsangpetch, Suradej Hongeng, Kulachart Jangpatarapongsa
Human γδ T lymphocytes play a role in the immune system defense against cancer. Their broad anti-cancer activity against different types of cancers makes them outstanding candidates for cancer immunotherapy. An issue of recent interest is whether their antigen presentation features are similar to mature dendritic cells. The antigen-presenting cell (APC)-like phenotype and function of γδ T lymphocytes have been confirmed in many clinical trials. In this study, to support the strong role played by Vγ9Vδ2 T cells against cancer, we provide evidence that Vγ9Vδ2 T cells activated with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell lysate antigens can efficiently express an APC phenotype and function...
October 15, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Berna Düzel, Yusuf Tamam, Arzu Çoban, Erdem Tüzün
BACKGROUND: Adipocytokines have been implied to be involved in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis. MS patients whose first clinical episode is optic neuritis (ON) have been reported to display a milder disease course. In this study, we aimed to show whether this milder disease course is related to reduced adipokine production. METHODS: A total of 55 (24 with ON as the first clinical episode) relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients and 40 healthy individuals were recruited...
October 15, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Shentang Li, Ruting Shi, Lang Tian, Jia Chen, Xin Li, Lihua Huang, Zuocheng Yang
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis that predominantly affects children, and it can result in coronary artery lesions. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin H2, an important precursor of several prostaglandins. The aim of this study was to examine the association between COX-2 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to KD. METHODS: A total of 276 subjects (136 KD and 140 controls) were recruited...
October 15, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Bo Zhao, Xiaoqian Li, Ronghua Li
BACKGROUND: There are accumulating reports for the potential role of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) rs1800796 polymorphism in the risk of periodontitis. However, distinct conclusions are observed. In this study, we have an interest in comprehensively analyzing the genetic relationship between IL-6 rs1800796 and the susceptibility to periodontitis. METHODS: We retrieved the eligible case-control studies from on-line database and conducted a meta-analysis. P-value of association test, OR (odd ratios) and 95% CI (confidence interval) were calculated for the assessment of potential genetic association...
October 9, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Yuan Zhang, Hui-Cong Wang, Chao Feng, Min Yan
BACKGROUND: We carried out a meta-analysis to assess whether Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) rs5743708 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) rs4986790 polymorphisms are associated with the risk of atopic dermatitis. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was performed to identify eligible case-control studies on the association of rs5743708 and rs4986790 with the risk of atopic dermatitis. Statistical analyses of the odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval (CI), and p value were performed using STATA software...
October 1, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Mohanad M Elfishawi, Fatema Elgengehy, Ghada Mossallam, Sally Elfishawi, Mostafa Alfishawy, Abdallah Gad, Imman Mokhtar
INTRODUCTION: Behçet's disease is an autoimmune disease with diverse clinical manifestations with vasculitis being the hallmark of the disease. The aim of this work is to study the genetic association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-I molecules of Egyptians with Behçet's disease and the disease susceptibility and clinical patterns. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients diagnosed with Behçet's disease according to the 1990 International Study Group (ISG) criteria for Behçet's disease coming from Egyptian origin up to the third grandfather were included in the study...
September 27, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Huiying Chang, Xu Wang, Shusen Yang
Aging-associated dysfunction of the immune system contributes to the increase in pathophysiological processes that occur with age. Numerous studies have shown that microRNAs regulate immune responses, although their role in age-related macrophage dysfunction remains elusive. Here, we found that miR-350-3p is expressed at lower levels in peritoneal macrophages from aged mice compared with young mice, and that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation downregulates miR-350-3p expression to a greater extent in young macrophages compared with aged macrophages...
September 27, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Ravi Kumar Sharma, Shobha Sehgal, Naresh Sachdeva, Rajendra Kumar, Amod Gupta
PURPOSE: Toll like receptor (TLR) engagement is primarily a function of the innate immune cells. The purpose of the study was to assess direct uptake of ODN 2216 in T helper cells and effects on cell proliferation and cytokine expression. METHODS: We isolated CD4+ CD25- T helper cells by magnetic sorting and studied the uptake of ODN 2216 using flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. We then studied the effect of ODN 2216 engagement on cell proliferation and cytokine expression using flow cytometry and gene expression of TLR9 signaling genes using real time RT-PCR...
September 21, 2018: Immunological Investigations
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