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Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994302/observing-eye-movements-and-the-influence-of-cognition-during-a-symbol-search-task-a-comparison-across-three-age-groups
#1
Maxine Perrin, Manon Robillard, Annie Roy-Charland
This study examined eye movements during a visual search task as well as cognitive abilities within three age groups. The aim was to explore scanning patterns across symbol grids and to better understand the impact of symbol location in AAC displays on speed and accuracy of symbol selection. For the study, 60 students were asked to locate a series of symbols on 16 cell grids. The EyeLink 1000 was used to measure eye movements, accuracy, and response time. Accuracy was high across all cells. Participants had faster response times, longer fixations, and more frequent fixations on symbols located in the middle of the grid...
October 10, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969454/teaching-multi-step-requesting-to-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-systematic-instruction-and-a-speech-generating-device
#2
Derya Genc-Tosun, Onur Kurt
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an iPad-based speech-generating device (SGD) and an intervention package in teaching multi-step requesting to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The intervention package comprised discrete trial teaching, time delay, graduated guidance, and reinforcement. Social validity data were also collected from parents and teachers. Three male participants with ASD, aged 4-5 years, participated in the study, which was conducted using a multiple-probe-across-participants design...
October 3, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934864/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-practices-a-descriptive-study-of-the-perceptions-of-south-african-speech-language-therapists
#3
Shakila Dada, Yvonne Murphy, Kerstin Tönsing
Speech-language therapists (SLTs) have direct contact with a wide variety of individuals who require augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and they are therefore considered to have a primary role in the assessment, selection, and implementation of AAC symbols, techniques, aids, and strategies. Limited information is available with regard to SLTs' practices in the field of AAC, and there is a particular paucity of information about developing country contexts such as South Africa. The aim of this study was to determine how South African SLTs perceive their current AAC practices...
September 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922953/high-technology-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-individuals-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-and-complex-communication-needs-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jennifer B Ganz, Kristi L Morin, Margaret J Foster, Kimberly J Vannest, Derya Genç Tosun, Emily V Gregori, Stephanie L Gerow
The use of mobile technology is ubiquitous in modern society and is rapidly increasing in novel use. The use of mobile devices and software applications ("apps") as augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is rapidly expanding in the community, and this is also reflected in the research literature. This article reports the social-communication outcome results of a meta-analysis of single-case experimental research on the use of high-tech AAC, including mobile devices, by individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including autism spectrum disorder...
September 19, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884601/systematic-review-of-aac-intervention-research-for-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Christine Holyfield, Kathryn D R Drager, Jennifer M D Kremkow, Janice Light
Much of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) research for individuals with autism spectrum disorder has focused on young children. Given that the lives, communication, strengths, and needs of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder are quite different from those of young children, the purpose of the current study was to consolidate current AAC intervention research findings specific to these individuals. A systematic review was conducted to identify and evaluate relevant research. Results indicate that AAC intervention benefits adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder...
September 8, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697629/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-student-and-family-perspectives-of-aac
#6
Saili S Kulkarni, Jessica Parmar
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices are important for nonverbal students with disabilities to communicate with the verbal world. AAC devices provide access to academic and social opportunities for students with disabilities. With the changing demographics of schools and an emphasis on meaningful, culturally relevant instruction for all students, it is important to consider how AAC devices are utilized and perceived by individuals from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds and their families...
July 12, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695784/provision-of-powered-communication-aids-in-the-united-kingdom
#7
Simon Judge, Pam Enderby, Sarah Creer, Alex John
AAC service provision in the United Kingdom (UK) has evolved since the first service dedicated to the provision of communication aids opened in 1986. Within the UK, many health and care services are provided via government funding; however, the assessment and provision of AAC and specifically of speech-generating devices (SGDs) is inconsistent and inequitable. The study reported in this paper aimed to collect information on levels of current provision of powered communication aids (the term used in the study to refer to SGDs) by UK service providers in 2013 with the intention of improving future estimates for need of services...
July 11, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675073/designing-interaction-voice-and-inclusion-in-aac-research
#8
Graham Pullin, Jutta Treviranus, Rupal Patel, Jeff Higginbotham
The ISAAC 2016 Research Symposium included a Design Stream that examined timely issues across augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), framed in terms of designing interaction, designing voice, and designing inclusion. Each is a complex term with multiple meanings; together they represent challenging yet important frontiers of AAC research. The Design Stream was conceived by the four authors, researchers who have been exploring AAC and disability-related design throughout their careers, brought together by a shared conviction that designing for communication implies more than ensuring access to words and utterances...
July 4, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670934/correction-to-thistle-j-j-wilkinson-k-effects-of-background-color-and-symbol-arrangement-cues-on-construction-of-multi-symbol-messages-by-young-children-without-disabilities-implications-for-aided-aac-design
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633531/the-effectiveness-of-aided-augmented-input-techniques-for-persons-with-developmental-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#10
Anna A Allen, Ralf W Schlosser, Kristofer L Brock, Howard C Shane
When working with individuals with little or no functional speech, clinicians often recommend that communication partners use the client's augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device when speaking to the client. This is broadly known as "augmented input" and is thought to enhance the client's learning of language form and content. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of augmented input on communication outcomes in persons with developmental disabilities and persons with childhood apraxia of speech who use aided AAC...
June 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617614/effects-of-background-color-and-symbol-arrangement-cues-on-construction-of-multi-symbol-messages-by-young-children-without-disabilities-implications-for-aided-aac-design
#11
Jennifer J Thistle, Krista Wilkinson
Children whose speech does not meet their communication needs often benefit from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The design of an AAC display may influence the child's ability to communicate effectively. The current study examined how symbol background color cues and symbol arrangement affected construction of multi-symbol messages using line-drawing symbols, by young children with typical development. Participants (N = 52) heard a spoken phrase matching a photograph and selected line drawings within a 4 × 4 array...
June 15, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597688/the-availability-and-accessibility-of-basic-concept-vocabulary-in-aac-software-a-preliminary-study
#12
Jillian H McCarthy, Ilsa Schwarz, Morgan Ashworth
Core vocabulary lists obtained through the analyses of children's utterances include a variety of basic concept words. Supporting young children who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) to develop their understanding and use of basic concepts is an area of practice that has important ramifications for successful communication in a classroom environment. This study examined the availability of basic concept words across eight frequently used, commercially available AAC language systems, iPad© applications, and symbol libraries used to create communication boards...
June 9, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#13
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521556/maintenance-of-key-word-signing-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-novel-signed-turns-facilitated-by-partners-consistent-input-and-sign-imitation
#14
Ellen Rombouts, Bea Maes, Inge Zink
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between the use of key word signing (KWS) by support staff and by adults with intellectual disabilities (clients) who had experience with using KWS. Specifically, we explored whether these clients were more inclined to use KWS when support staff used KWS or imitated signs. One-to-one conversations between 24 clients and their support staff were filmed and transcribed. Partner turns were coded for communication mode (spoken or signed) and KWS response type (i...
May 18, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394641/exploring-validation-of-a-graphic-symbol-questionnaire-to-measure-participation-experiences-of-youth-in-activity-settings
#15
Beata Batorowicz, Gillian King, Freda Vane, Madhu Pinto, Parimala Raghavendra
Participation has a subjective and private dimension, and so it is important to hear directly from youth about their experiences in various activity settings, the places where they "do things" and interact with others. To meet this need, our team developed the Self-Reported Experiences of Activity Settings (SEAS) measure, which demonstrated good-to-excellent measurement properties. To address the needs of youth who could benefit from graphic symbol support, the SEAS-PCS(TM), (1) was created. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of SEAS-PCS and the preliminary study that explores the equivalency of the SEAS and SEAS-PCS...
April 10, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387140/reflections-of-malaysian-parents-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities-on-their-experiences-with-aac
#16
Susheel Joginder Singh, Nur Hazirah Hussein, Rahayu Mustaffa Kamal, Fatimah Hani Hassan
Parents play an important role in the successful implementation of AAC. Previous research has indicated that parents in different countries have varying perceptions about the use of AAC and face different challenges in its implementation. To date, there is limited information about the use of AAC by children in Malaysia or parents' views about its use. The aim of this study was to explore Malaysian parents' perception of AAC and their experience when supporting their children who use AAC. For this study, 12 parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and cerebral palsy were involved in semi-structured individual interviews...
April 7, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378602/teaching-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-other-developmental-disabilities-to-perform-multistep-requesting-using-an-ipad
#17
Nouf M Alzrayer, Devender R Banda, Rajinder Koul
Many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and/or developmental disabilities are unable to meet their daily communication needs with speech alone. These individuals are considered potential candidates for speech-generating devices (SGDs) and mobile technologies with AAC-specific applications. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of systematic instruction on teaching multistep requesting skills using an iPad loaded with Proloquo2Go to children with ASD and other developmental disabilities...
April 5, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325063/beliefs-and-habits-staff-experiences-with-key-word-signing-in-special-schools-and-group-residential-homes
#18
Ellen Rombouts, Bea Maes, Inge Zink
Even though use of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) by staff has been extensively researched, few studies relate to unaided AAC strategies such as key word signing (KWS). We explored the KWS views of two groups: direct support staff in group residential homes and teachers from special education secondary schools. We examined transcripts from individual semi-structured interviews with five direct support staff and five teachers using thematic analysis. Participants discussed consistency of KWS use and reasons for implementing KWS...
March 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218009/the-use-of-social-media-by-adults-with-acquired-conditions-who-use-aac-current-gaps-and-considerations-in-research
#19
Helen L Paterson
The global growth and development of social media has had a positive impact on many individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), who use it to communicate and connect with others. Research evidence into the use of social media by adults with acquired conditions who use AAC is limited. These individuals are a heterogeneous population, who can present with a range of linguistic, cognitive and physical needs, some of which progress rapidly, making accessing social media a challenge. These issues warrant research focusing on developing interventions to support the use of social media and the impact of these interventions...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166652/language-learning-recasts-and-interaction-involving-aac-background-and-potential-for-intervention
#20
Michael T Clarke, Gloria Soto, Keith Nelson
For children with typical development, language is learned through everyday discursive interaction. Adults mediate child participation in such interactions through the deployment of a range of co-constructive strategies, including repeating, questioning, prompting, expanding, and reformulating the child's utterances. Adult reformulations of child utterances, also known as recasts, have also been shown to relate to the acquisition of linguistic structures in children with language and learning disabilities and children and adults learning a foreign language...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
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