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Journal of Basic Microbiology

María Z Simon Sola, Daiana Pérez Visñuk, Claudia S Benimeli, Marta Alejandra Polti, Analia Alvarez
Environmental mixed pollution by both organic and inorganic compounds are detected worldwide. Phytoremediation techniques have been proposed as ecofriendly methods for cleaning up polluted sites. Several studies have demonstrated enhanced dissipation of contaminants at the root-soil interface through an increase in microbial activity caused by the release of plant root exudates (REs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness for Cr(VI) and lindane removal by Streptomyces M7 cultured in a co-contaminated system in presence of maize REs...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Xiaoning Cao, Sichen Liu, Junjie Wang, Haigang Wang, Ling Chen, Xiang Tian, Lijun Zhang, Jianwu Chang, Lun Wang, Zhixin Mu, Zhijun Qiao
Plants growing in soil and the diverse microorganisms with which they are in direct contact have adapted to exploit their close association for mutual benefit. Various intercropping systems have been used to control plant disease and improve productivity in fields. Although high-throughput sequencing approaches have provided new insights into the soil bacterial community, current knowledge of intercropping of broomcorn millet with different leguminous plants is limited. In this study, characterization of different bacterial communities of monoculture and intercropping systems was achieved by deep sequencing...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Purnima Singh, Shiv M Singh, Ram N Singh, Simantini Naik, Utpal Roy, Alok Srivastava, Manfred Bölter
Permafrost soils are unique habitats in polar environment and are of great ecological relevance. The present study focuses on the characterization of bacterial communities from permafrost profiles of Svalbard, Arctic. Counts of culturable bacteria range from 1.50 × 10(3) to 2.22 × 10(5) CFU g(-1) , total bacterial numbers range from 1.14 × 10(5) to 5.52 × 10(5) cells g(-1) soil. Bacterial isolates are identified through 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Arthrobacter and Pseudomonas are the most dominant genera, and A...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Xue Zhou, Lei Tian, Jianfeng Zhang, Lina Ma, Xiujun Li, Chunjie Tian
Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) is a pioneer plant used for land reclamation and an appropriate material for studying the interactions of symbiotic microorganisms because of its nitrogen-fixing root nodules and mycorrhiza. We used high-throughput sequencing to reveal the diversities and community structures of rhizospheric fungi and their link with nitrogen-fixing Frankia harbored in sea buckthorn collected along an altitude gradient from the Qinghai Tibet Plateau to interior areas. We found that the fungal diversities and compositions varied between different sites...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Nikolett Baranyi, Sándor Kocsubé, Daniela Jakšić Despot, Maja Šegvić Klarić, András Szekeres, Ottó Bencsik, Anita Kecskeméti, Palanisamy Manikandan, Beáta Tóth, László Kredics, Jamal M Khaled, Naiyf S Alharbi, Csaba Vágvölgyi, János Varga
Aspergillus flavus is a filamentous fungus which is widespread on agricultural products and also able to cause various human diseases. This species is frequently isolated from indoor air as well, furthermore, it is known as a common causal agent of keratomycosis, particularly in subtropical and tropical areas. It is also able to produce aflatoxins, one of the most carcinogenic mycotoxins which are harmful to animals and humans. In this study, 59 A. flavus isolates from four different habitats and 1 A. minisclerotigenes isolate were investigated...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Enikő Boros, Walter P Pfliegler, Renátó Kovács, Ágnes Jakab, László Majoros, Zoltán Barta, István Pócsi
Candida albicans is the best-studied opportunistic human pathogenic yeast species, and its virulence factors, susceptibility to antimycotics, the diversity of its physiological properties and the determinative factors of these traits are interesting from a clinical as well as from an evolutionary perspective. By applying statistical modeling for the phenotypical differences observed among a collection of 63 C. albicans isolates originating from different clinical care units, from a diverse group of patients with or without mycosis, collected in a Hungarian clinic, we found that (i) host-related aspects like anatomical source, care unit of isolation, patients' age, sex, and disease severity, or ABC genotypes of the isolates had less effect on the phenotypic features of this opportunistic pathogen than host-independent aspects, for example, year or month of isolation; (ii) different phenotypic traits did not show any significant correlations with each other; and (iii) different genotypes displayed no anatomical specialization and rarely showed any significant correlation with parameters of isolation either...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Shwetha V Reddy, Sunil S More, Goutham S Annappa
Cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase is a unique enzyme that degrades starch into cyclic oligosaccharides called cyclodextrins, which have numerous applications in various industries such as pharmaceutical, textile, agricultural, cosmetics etc. Due to its wide applications, microorganism producing one type of cyclodextrin is of interest as it simplifies the down streaming process of separating mixture of cyclodextrins. In the present study, β-CGTase was isolated from Bacillus flexus SV 1 and biochemically characterized...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Jing Li, Feng Luo, Dian Chu, Huanling Xuan, Xianzhu Dai
A Comamonas testosterone bacterial strain, named as DB-7, capable of utilizing dimethyl phthalate (DMP) as sole carbon source and energy for growth was isolated from soil with plastic film mulching by an enrichment culture technique. This bacterium was identified as C. testosterone by 16S rRNA sequence analysis and phospholipid fatty acid profile. DB-7 could degrade more than 99% of 450 mg L(-1) DMP within 14 hours, and degraded DMP of different concentrations rapidly. The optimal degradation temperature and pH were 30-35 °C and pH 9...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Ludmila Trilisenko, Ekaterina Kulakovskaya, Tatiana Kulakovskaya
The sensitivity to cadmium (Cd(II)), an important environmental pollutant, was studied in the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with genetically altered polyphosphate metabolism. The strains overproducing polyphosphatases PPX1 or PPN1 were more sensitive to Cd(II) than the parent strain. The half maximal inhibitory concentrations were 0.02 and 0.05 mM for the transformants and the parent strain, respectively. Transformant strains cultivated in the presence of Cd(II) show a decrease in the content of short-chained cytosolic acid soluble polyphosphate...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Tharcilla B A Pessoa, Rachel P Rezende, Eric de Lima Silva Marques, Carlos P Pirovani, Thalis F Dos Santos, Ana C Dos Santos Gonçalves, Carla C Romano, Natielle C Dotivo, Ana C O Freitas, Luiz C Salay, João C T Dias
Functional screening of metagenomic libraries is an important tool for the discovery of new molecules. The metabolic diversity of microorganisms enables survival in harsh environments and is related to the production of enzymes. In this study, we identified a protease-producing clone from a metagenomic library derived from mangrove sediment. The protease was purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation and gel filtration chromatography, with a yield of 77.27% and a specific activity of 8.57 U μg(-1) . It had a molecular weight of approximately 70 kDa...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Yuanfei Li, Wei Jin, Chunlong Mu, Yanfen Cheng, Weiyun Zhu
Anaerobic fungi are potent lignocellulose degraders, but have not yet been exploited in this capacity, largely owing to their poor metabolic characterization. In the current study, a time course of fermentation was conducted to study the effect of the co-cultured methanogens on xylose metabolism by anaerobic fungi. The fermentation end-products from anaerobic fungal monoculture were H2 (6.7 ml), CO2 (65.7 ml), formate (17.90 mM), acetate (9.00 mM), lactate (11.89 mM), ethanol, and malate after 96 h fermentation...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Galina Mitina, Igor Kazartsev, Aleksandra Vasileva, Tapani Yli-Mattila
Mitochondrial gene NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1), β-tubulin gene, and elongation factor 1-alpha (tef) were used to characterize and to identify 42 Lecanicillum spp. isolates (former complex species Verticillium lecanii Zimm. Viegas) and to study the phylogenetic relationships in this group. Within the isolates under investigation, Lecanicillium muscarium was the most common species (about 70% of all isolates, collected on the different hosts, predominantly on the insects from the order Hemiptera). Based on nad1 sequencing four main molecular haplotypes were revealed...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Jesmi Yousuf, Jabir Thajudeen, Mujeeb Rahiman, Soumya Krishnankutty, Aneesa P Alikunj, Mohamed H A Abdulla
In the present study, we report the nitrogen fixing potential of heterotrophic diazotrophs isolated from a tropical estuary and adjacent coastal sea. Results of the study revealed that most of the species that are capable of fixing nitrogen in the study area belongs to the genus Bacillus. The isolates from the estuary showed maximum homology with Bacillus megaterium, B. cereus, B. safencis, B. licheniformis, B. aerophilus, B. oceanisediminis, B. flexus, B. aquimaris, B. vietnamensis, and B. subterraneaus, whereas the diazotrophic isolates from coastal samples were closely related to B...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Melih N Korkmaz, Sennur C Ozdemir, Ataç Uzel
Xylanases constitutes one the most important enzymes with diverse applications in different industries such as bioethanol production, animal feedstock production, production of xylo-oligosaccharides, baking industry, paper and pulp industry, xylitol production, fruit juice, and beer finishing, degumming, and agriculture. Currently, industrial xylanases are mainly produced by Aspergillus and Trichoderma members. Since the marine environments are less studied compared to terrestrial environments and harbors great microbial diversity we aimed to investigate the xylanase production of 88 marine-derived filamentous fungal strains...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Anand Jain, Kottekkatu P Krishnan
High throughput V3-16S rRNA amplicon sequencing data was used for evaluating differences between free-living (FL, <1.2-0.2 μm) and particle-associated (PA, >1.2 μm) bacterial communities, and their spatial variation between inner fjord (IF) and outer fjord (OF) of Kongsfjorden. A total of 4,454,142 high quality sequences obtained clustered into 32,058 OTUs. A majority of these sequences were affiliated with Proteobacteria (59.8%), followed by Bacteroidetes (29.02%), Firmicutes (5.9%), Actinobacteria (2...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Yuan Wu, Yanna Ren, Xiangshan Zhou, Menghao Cai, Yuanxing Zhang
Fungi possess sophisticated regulatory systems to respond to a vast array of environmental signals. Among these responsive networks, some genes play critical roles in the regulation of various cellular processes. Here, we identified a putative transcriptional factor Agseb1 in Aspergillus glaucus, a marine-derived filamentous fungus. Agseb1 encodes a protein with two C2 H2 zinc fingers at the C-terminus, similar to the placement of these motifs in msn2/4 of Saccharomyces cerevisia, where they are positioned to allow binding to the CCCCT-box of stress-specific genes...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Bo Xu, Caiyun Xiong, Meng Deng, Junjun Li, Xianghua Tang, Qian Wu, Junpei Zhou, Yunjuan Yang, Junmei Ding, Nanyu Han, Zunxi Huang
Catechol 1,2-dioxygenase is the key enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of the aromatic ring of catechol. We explored the genetic diversity of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase in the fecal microbial metagenome by PCR with degenerate primers. A total of 35 gene fragments of C12O were retrieved from microbial DNA in the feces of pygmy loris. Based on phylogenetic analysis, most sequences were closely related to C12O sequences from Acinetobacter. A full-length C12O gene was directly cloned, heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, and biochemically characterized...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Qiong Liu, Jie Yi, Kang Liang, Xiangmin Zhang, Qing Liu
Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis), Gram-negative facultative intracellular pathogen is capable of inducing the cholera in pigs whose symptoms manifest as fever, depression, septicemia, arthritis, and diarrhea. Infections with S. Choleraesuis has resulted in great economic loss for the swine breeding operations. Bacterial outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) play an important role in pathogenicity and host-pathogen interaction. In this study, we purified OMVs released by S. Choleraesuis strain χ3545 and characterized their lipopolysaccharide (LPS) profile...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Francis Prija, Padmanabhan Srinivasan, Subhadeep Das, Karuppasamy Kattusamy, Ranjan Prasad
The master regulator, DnrI of Streptomyces peucetius is a member of the family of transcriptional activator, Streptomyces antibiotic regulatory proteins (SARP), which controls the biosynthesis of antitumor anthracycline, daunorubicin (DNR) and doxorubicin (DXR). The binding of DnrI to the heptameric repeat sequence found within the -35 promoter region of biosynthetic gene, dpsE activates it. To combat the increased level of intracellular DNR, the cell has developed self resistance mechanism mediated by drrAB and drrC genes which are regulated by regulatory genes...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Aiyatullah Shah, Qazi Parvaiz Hassan, Saleem Mushtaq, Aabid Manzoor Shah, Aehtesham Hussain
Endophytes represent a hidden world within plants. Almost all plants that are studied harbor one or more endophytes, which help their host to survive against pathogens and changing adverse environmental conditions. Fungal and bacterial endophytes with distinct ecological niches show important biological activities and ecological functions. Their unique physiological and biochemical characteristics lead to the production of niche specific secondary metabolites that may have pharmacological potential. Identification of specific secondary metabolites in adverse environment can also help us in understanding mechanisms of host tolerance against stress condition such as biological invasions, salt, drought, temperature...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
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