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Journal of Basic Microbiology

Venkataseshan Jagannathan, Pragasam Viswanathan
Struvite or infection stones are one of the major clinical burdens among urinary tract infection, which occur due to the interaction between microbes and urine mineral components. Numerous urinary tract infection (UTI) causing microbes regulate through biofilm formation for survival from host defense, it is often found difficult in its eradication with simple anti-microbial agents and also the chance of recurrence and resistance development is significantly high. Cranberry consumption and maintenance of urinary tract health have been supported by clinical, epidemiological, and mechanistic studies...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Elaheh Pourfakhraei, Jalil Badraghi, Fatemeh Mamashli, Mahboobeh Nazari, Ali Akbar Saboury
Petroleum, as the major energy source, is indispensable from our lives. Presence of compounds resistant to degradation can pose risks for human health and environment. Basidiomycetes have been considered as powerful candidates in biodegradation of petroleum compounds via secreting ligninolytic enzymes. In this study a wood-decaying fungus was isolated by significant degradation ability that was identified as Daedaleopsis sp. by morphological and molecular identification methods. According to GC/MS studies, incubation of heavy crude oil with Daedaleopsis sp...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Dominika Thiem, Michał Złoch, Renata Gadzała-Kopciuch, Sonia Szymańska, Christel Baum, Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz
The impact of increasing Cd2+ exposure on the quality and quantity of siderophores produced by a plant growth promoting Pseudomonas fulva strain was tested to gain insight into the degree of change. P. fulva was cultured in the increasing concentrations of Cd2+ (0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 mM). The secreted siderophores were separated by HPLC and characterized by UHPLC-QTOF/MS. In the presence of 2 mM Cd2+ synthesis of siderophores (hydroxamates, catecholates, phenolates) was mitigated compared to the treatments with lower concentrations of Cd2+ (0...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Mariathason Birdilla Selva Donio, Subbiahanadar Chelladurai Karthikeyan, Mariavincent Michaelbabu, Ganapathi Uma, Ramaiyan Raja Jeya Sekar, Thavasimuthu Citarasu
Bioemulsifier (BE)-producing Haererehalobacter sp. JS1 was isolated and identified from the solar salt works in India. The BE was extracted, purified, and characterized by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Emulsification activity was performed against different oils and dye degradation potential against different dyes. The production of BE was optimized using different carbon sources (C), nitrogen sources (N), pH, and NaCl. BE screening methods revealed that, Haererehalobacter sp. JS1 was highly positive BE production...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Souhir Abdelkrim, Salwa H Jebara, Omar Saadani, Manel Chiboub, Ghassen Abid, Moez Jebara
In search of efficient and resistant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains with multiple activities, a total of twelve bacterial belonging to R. leguminosarum, S. meliloti, Pseudomonas sp., P. fluorescens, Luteibacter sp., Variovorax sp., B. simplex, and B. megaterium were isolated from root nodules of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) grown in contaminated soils. Upon screening, all test strains were able to synthesize indoleacetic acid; more than 90% were siderophore producers and 75% showed varying levels of phosphate solubilizing ability...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Judit Ámon, Kabichandra Keisham, Eszter Bokor, Evelyn Kelemen, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Zsuzsanna Hamari
Aspergillus nidulans produces sterigmatocystin, a secondary metabolite mycotoxin, for the protection of its reproductive structures. Previous studies on grazing behavior of fungivore arthropods, regulation of sexual development, and secondary metabolite biosynthesis have revealed the association of sterigmatocystin biosynthesis with sexual reproduction, but the spatial distribution of sterigmatocystin producing hyphae within the colony has never been investigated. In this work, we aimed to locate the site of sterigmatocystin production within the colony by employing a yCFP reporter system...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Qi Wang, Zhendong Zhang, Ying Zhu, Linyan He, Xiafang Sheng
In this study, biotite weathering behaviors were compared between mineral-weathering bacteria Enterobacter cloacae S71, mutant strains created by the deletion of poxB, pta, and ackA genes involved in acetate formation, and their complemented strains. Compared to strain S71, a decrease in bacterial growth was observed during the early and middle stages for the mutant ΔpoxB and at the middle and later stages for the mutants Δpta and ΔackA. Dissolved Al and Fe concentrations were lower during the early stage for strain ΔpoxB, at the early or middle stage for strain Δpta, and at the middle and later stages and throughout the weathering process for strain ΔackA, compared to strain S71...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Anoop R Markande, Venkata R Vemuluri, Yogesh S Shouche, Anuradha S Nerurkar
Solibacillus silvestris AM1 was the first strain from the genus to be reported for the production of a functional amyloid and its potential use as a surface active agent, a thermostable glycoprotein amyloid bioemulsifier BE-AM1 capable of influencing environment and biofilm formation. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene, molecular characterization studies on the basis of DNA-DNA hybridization and chemotaxonomic fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis showed that S. silvestris AM1 as a strain matches with the type strain S...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Da-Cheng Hao, Cai-Rong Zhang, Pei-Gen Xiao
In the present study, the shotgun high throughput metagenomic sequencing was implemented to globally capture the features of Taxus rhizosphere microbiome. Total reads could be assigned to 6925 species belonging to 113 bacteria phyla and 301 species of nine fungi phyla. For archaea and virus, 263 and 134 species were for the first time identified, respectively. More than 720,000 Unigenes were identified by clean reads assembly. The top five assigned phyla were Actinobacteria (363,941 Unigenes), Proteobacteria (182,053), Acidobacteria (44,527), Ascomycota (fungi; 18,267), and Chloroflexi (15,539)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Wen Wang, Yingbao Liu, Yongsheng Yang, Aizhen Wang, Kirill Sharshov, Yao Li, Mengyao Cao, Puzhen Mao, Laixing Li
In this study, we characterized for the first time the gut microbiota of Greylag geese (Anser anser) using high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing technology. The results showed that the phyla Firmicutes (78.55%), Fusobacteria (9.38%), Proteobacteria (7.55%), Bacteroidetes (1.82%), Cyanobacteria (1.44%), and Actinobacteria (0.61%) dominated the gut microbial communities in the Greylag geese. Then, the variations of gut microbial community structures and functions among the three geese species, Greylag geese, Bar-headed geese (Anser indicus), and Swan geese (Anser cygnoides), were explored...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Sridar Ashwin Sri Bala, Irulappan Madhumathi, Sengottuvel Vinodha, M Hussain Munavar
As of date the two temperature sensitive mutations isolated in pheST operon include pheS5 (G293 →A293 ) and pheT354. Recently, we reported that G673 of pheS defines a hot spot for intragenic suppressors of pheS5. In this investigation, in 13 independent experiments, a collection of temperature sensitive mutants were isolated by localized mutagenesis. Complementation using clones bearing pheS+ , pheT+ , and pheS+ T+ indicated that 34 mutants could harbor lesion(s) in pheS and four could be in pheT and one mutant might be a double mutant...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Rui Xing, Hui-Ying Yan, Qing-Bo Gao, Fa-Qi Zhang, Jiu-Li Wang, Shi-Long Chen
Floccularia luteovirens, an important edible mushroom widely distributed in the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, is ecologically important as an ectomycorrhizal fungus and can form the fairy ring. To explore the influence of F. luteovirens fairy ring on soil microbial communities, we compared the soil microbial communities in three different fairy ring zones (inside the fairy ring (IN); beneath the fairy ring (ON); and outside the fairy ring (OUT)). A total of 1.77 million bacterial reads and 1.59 million fungal reads were obtained...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Carmen Rizzo, Christoph Syldatk, Rudolf Hausmann, Berna Gerçe, Caterina Longo, Maria Papale, Antonella Conte, Emilio De Domenico, Luigi Michaud, Angelina Lo Giudice
The Mediterranean sponge Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea was explored as a novel matrix for the isolation of biosurfactant-producing bacteria. A total of 38 (out of 56) isolates gave a good response to the employed screening tests (e.g., stable emulsion detection, surface tension measurement, hemolytic activity, and blue agar plate assay) and were selected for further analyses. The thin layer chromatography revealed a possible glucidic composition of biosurfactants. Most promising strains, i.e., those able to produce stable emulsion with percentage higher than 30% and yellow spots on TLC plates, were affiliated to the genera Pseudovibrio, Acinetobacter, and Bacillus...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Dockyu Kim, Ha Ju Park, Jung Ho Kim, Ui Joung Youn, Yung Hun Yang, Angélica Casanova-Katny, Cristina Muñoz Vargas, Erick Zagal Venegas, Hyun Park, Soon Gyu Hong
Although the maritime Antarctic has undergone rapid warming, the effects on indigenous soil-inhabiting microorganisms are not well known. Passive warming experiments using open-top chamber (OTC) have been performed on the Fildes Peninsula in the maritime Antarctic since 2008. When the soil temperature was measured at a depth of 2-5 cm during the 2013-2015 summer seasons, the mean temperature inside OTC (OTC-In) increased by approximately 0.8 °C compared with outside OTC (OTC-Out), while soil chemical and physical characteristics did not change...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Priya Fuke, Rajesh R Pal, Anshuman A Khardenavis, Hemant J Purohit
In the present study, Serratia marcescens EGD-HP20 strain was demonstrated to utilize poultry waste comprising of both white non-melanized and dark/brown melanized poultry feathers. The potential of the isolate to hydrolyze diverse keratinous wastes was further corroborated by comparative genomics which indicated the presence of genes for broad substrate specific proteases including metallo-proteases, serine endoprotease, dipeptidase, oligopeptidase, etc. Multiple gene sequence alignments of above genes showed 99-100% sequence identities with that of closely related strains of S...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Xiao-Xia Ma, Xin Cao, Peng Ma, Qiu-Yan Chang, Lin-Jie Li, Xiao-Kai Zhou, De-Rong Zhang, Ming-Sheng Li, Zhong-Ren Ma
The evolutionary factors in influencing the genetic characteristics of nucleotide, synonymous codon, and amino acid usage of 18 mycoplasma species were analyzed. The nucleotide usage at the 1st and 2nd codon position which determines amino acid composition of proteins has a significant correlation with the total nucleotide composition of gene population of these mycoplasma species, however, the nucleotide usage at the 3rd codon position which affects synonymous codon usage patterns has a slight correlation with either the total nucleotide composition or the nucleotide usage at the 1st and 2nd codon position...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Xiao-Xia Ma, Peng Ma, Qiu-Yan Chang, Zhen-Bin Liu, Derong Zhang, Xiao-Kai Zhou, Zhong-Ren Ma, Xin Cao
Lyme disease, caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, is a focally endemic tick-transmitted zoonotic infection. In this study, the major factors underlying synonymous codon-related amino acid usage in the B. burgdorferi genome and bias in synonymous codon usage of the translation initiation region of coding sequences were analyzed. Additionally, adaptation of B. burgdorferi to several of its hosts was analyzed in the context of synonymous codon usage. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that nucleotide content at the third synonymous position of a codon influenced the synonymous codon usage pattern, but the strand-specific factor did not influence the synonymous codon usage pattern of B...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Sheryl O Fernandes, Lankalapalli Surya Prakash, Mechirackal Balan Binish, Kottekkatu Padinchati Krishnan, Palayil John Kurian
Mn-oxidizing potential of two metal-tolerant bacterial strains - Halomonas meridiana and Marinobacter algicola isolated from the South West Indian Ridge waters were compared at varying concentrations of Mn (II), i.e., 1, 10, and 100 μmol and mmol L-1 . Accompanying changes in their morphology and metabolism were also determined. At concentrations >1 mmol L-1 Mn (II), Mn-oxidizing potential of M. algicola was 2-7 times greater than that of H. meridiana. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that exposure to elevated metal content prompted bacterial cells especially those of M...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Yu-Fan Liu, Chao-Tsai Liao, Ying-Chuan Chiang, Chih-En Li, Yi-Min Hsiao
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is the causative agent of black rot in crucifers. Here, one EZ-Tn5 transposon mutant of Xcc, altered in bacterial attachment, was isolated. Further analysis revealed that the transposon was inserted in the wxcX gene (encodes a hypothetical protein) of the transposon mutant. Sequence analysis revealed that WxcX is highly conserved in Xanthomonas, but none has been characterized. In this study, it was indicated that mutation of wxcX resulted in enhanced bacterial attachment, reduced virulence on the host cabbage, and increased sensitivity to sodium dodecyl sulfate...
May 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Jia Xu, Joseph W Kloepper, Ping Huang, John A McInroy, Chia H Hu
The aims of this study were to isolate and characterize N2 -fixing bacteria from giant reed and switchgrass and evaluate their plant growth promotion and nutrient uptake potential for use as biofertilizers. A total of 190 bacteria were obtained from rhizosphere soil and inside stems and roots of giant reed and switchgrass. All the isolates were confirmed to have nitrogenase activity, 96.9% produced auxin, and 85% produced siderophores. Then the top six strains, including Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-14, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-19, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-17, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-20, Psychrobacillus psychrodurans NP-3, and Enterobacter oryzae NXU-38, based on nitrogenase activity, were inoculated on maize and wheat seeds in greenhouse tests to assess their potential benefits to plants...
May 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
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