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Journal of Basic Microbiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745839/transcription-factor-agseb1-affects-development-osmotic-stress-response-and-secondary-metabolism-in-marine-derived-aspergillus-glaucus
#1
Yuan Wu, Yanna Ren, Xiangshan Zhou, Menghao Cai, Yuanxing Zhang
Fungi possess sophisticated regulatory systems to respond to a vast array of environmental signals. Among these responsive networks, some genes play critical roles in the regulation of various cellular processes. Here, we identified a putative transcriptional factor Agseb1 in Aspergillus glaucus, a marine-derived filamentous fungus. Agseb1 encodes a protein with two C2 H2 zinc fingers at the C-terminus, similar to the placement of these motifs in msn2/4 of Saccharomyces cerevisia, where they are positioned to allow binding to the CCCCT-box of stress-specific genes...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745827/genetic-diversity-of-catechol-1-2-dioxygenase-in-the-fecal-microbial-metagenome
#2
Bo Xu, Caiyun Xiong, Meng Deng, Junjun Li, Xianghua Tang, Qian Wu, Junpei Zhou, Yunjuan Yang, Junmei Ding, Nanyu Han, Zunxi Huang
Catechol 1,2-dioxygenase is the key enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of the aromatic ring of catechol. We explored the genetic diversity of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase in the fecal microbial metagenome by PCR with degenerate primers. A total of 35 gene fragments of C12O were retrieved from microbial DNA in the feces of pygmy loris. Based on phylogenetic analysis, most sequences were closely related to C12O sequences from Acinetobacter. A full-length C12O gene was directly cloned, heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, and biochemically characterized...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745825/salmonella-choleraesuis-outer-membrane-vesicles-proteomics-and-immunogenicity
#3
Qiong Liu, Jie Yi, Kang Liang, Xiangmin Zhang, Qing Liu
Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis), Gram-negative facultative intracellular pathogen is capable of inducing the cholera in pigs whose symptoms manifest as fever, depression, septicemia, arthritis, and diarrhea. Infections with S. Choleraesuis has resulted in great economic loss for the swine breeding operations. Bacterial outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) play an important role in pathogenicity and host-pathogen interaction. In this study, we purified OMVs released by S. Choleraesuis strain χ3545 and characterized their lipopolysaccharide (LPS) profile...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745822/dnri-of-streptomyces-peucetius-binds-to-the-resistance-genes-drrab-and-drrc-but-is-activated-by-daunorubicin
#4
Francis Prija, Padmanabhan Srinivasan, Subhadeep Das, Karuppasamy Kattusamy, Ranjan Prasad
The master regulator, DnrI of Streptomyces peucetius is a member of the family of transcriptional activator, Streptomyces antibiotic regulatory proteins (SARP), which controls the biosynthesis of antitumor anthracycline, daunorubicin (DNR) and doxorubicin (DXR). The binding of DnrI to the heptameric repeat sequence found within the -35 promoter region of biosynthetic gene, dpsE activates it. To combat the increased level of intracellular DNR, the cell has developed self resistance mechanism mediated by drrAB and drrC genes which are regulated by regulatory genes...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737000/chemoprofile-and-functional-diversity-of-fungal-and-bacterial-endophytes-and-role-of-ecofactors-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Aiyatullah Shah, Qazi Parvaiz Hassan, Saleem Mushtaq, Aabid Manzoor Shah, Aehtesham Hussain
Endophytes represent a hidden world within plants. Almost all plants that are studied harbor one or more endophytes, which help their host to survive against pathogens and changing adverse environmental conditions. Fungal and bacterial endophytes with distinct ecological niches show important biological activities and ecological functions. Their unique physiological and biochemical characteristics lead to the production of niche specific secondary metabolites that may have pharmacological potential. Identification of specific secondary metabolites in adverse environment can also help us in understanding mechanisms of host tolerance against stress condition such as biological invasions, salt, drought, temperature...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736866/antibacterial-activity-of-fusion-from-biosynthesized-acidocin-silver-nanoparticles-and-its-application-for-eggshell-decontamination
#6
A B Abeer Mohammed, Mahmoud A Al-Saman, Ahmed A Tayel
Bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are useful to control the persistent development of pathogenic microorganisms in food and medicine fields. The bacteriocin acidocin was extracted from Lactobacillus acidophilus M1 that was isolated from fermented milk, purified using ammonium sulphate fractionation, and gel filtration column chromatography using Sephadex matrix and applied as a potential antibacterial agent. The molecular weight of the purified acidocin was estimated using SDS-PAGE to be 6.6 kDa...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731585/bacterial-invertases-occurrence-production-biochemical-characterization-and-significance-of-transfructosylation
#7
REVIEW
Lynette Lincoln, Sunil S More
Invertase or β-D-fructofuranoside fructohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.26) was one of the foremost enzyme biocatalysts and established the primary concepts of most enzyme-kinetic principles. Invertases are glycoside hydrolases and occur mostly in microorganisms. Among microbial strains, for many decades yeast species have been extensively researched for invertase production, characterization, and applications in industries. Besides, limited literature is available on invertases from bacterial strains. The enzymic and molecular biological reports from bacterial invertases are scarce...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731210/ecological-guild-and-enzyme-activities-of-rhizosphere-soil-microbial-communities-associated-with-bt-maize-cultivation-under-field-conditions-in-north-west-province-of-south-africa
#8
Deidré A B van Wyk, Rasheed Adeleke, Owen H J Rhode, Carlos C Bezuidenhout, Charlotte Mienie
Insecticidal proteins expressed by genetically modified Bt maize may alter the enzymatic and microbial communities associated with rhizosphere soil. This study investigated the structure and enzymatic activity of rhizosphere soil microbial communities associated with field grown Bt and non-Bt maize. Rhizosphere soil samples were collected from Bt and non-Bt fields under dryland and irrigated conditions. Samples were subjected to chemical tests, enzyme analyses, and next generation sequencing. Results showed that nitrate and phosphorus concentrations were significantly higher in non-Bt maize dryland soils, while organic carbon was significantly higher in non-Bt maize irrigated field soil...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681946/microbial-communities-in-carbonate-rocks-from-soil-via-groundwater-to-rocks
#9
Aileen Meier, Manu K Singh, Anne Kastner, Dirk Merten, Georg Büchel, Erika Kothe
Microbial communities in soil, groundwater, and rock of two sites in limestone were investigated to determine community parameters differentiating habitats in two lithostratigraphic untis. Lower Muschelkalk and Middle Muschelkalk associated soils, groundwater, and rock samples showed different, but overlapping microbial communities linked to carbon fluxes. The microbial diversities in soil were highest, groundwater revealed overlapping taxa but lower diversity, and rock samples were predominantly characterized by endospore forming bacteria and few archaea...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671310/resolution-of-enantiopure-s-1-1-napthyl-ethanol-from-racemic-mixture-by-a-novel-bacillus-cereus-isolate
#10
Preeti Ranjan, Ashok Pandey, Parameswaran Binod
Chiral intermediates have wide application and high demand in pharmaceutical, agricultural, and other biotechnological industries for the preparation of bulk drug substances or fine chemicals. (S)-1-(1-napthyl) ethanol is an important synthetic intermediate of mevinic acid analog and a potential inhibitor of 3-hydroxy methyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase enzymes which is rate limiting for cholesterol synthesis. The present study focuses on the resolution of (RS)-1-(1-napthyl) ethanol using whole cell biotransformation approach...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670763/silver-nanoparticles-from-pilimelia-columellifera-subsp-pallida-sl19-strain-demonstrated-antifungal-activity-against-fungi-causing-superficial-mycoses
#11
Magdalena Wypij, Joanna Czarnecka, Hanna Dahm, Mahendra Rai, Patrycja Golinska
In this study, we present the in vitro antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized from acidophilic actinobacterium Pilimelia columellifera subsp. pallida SL19 strain, alone and in combination with antibiotics viz., amphotericin B, fluconazole, and ketoconazole against pathogenic fungi, namely Candida albicans, Malassezia furfur, and Trichophyton erinacei. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum biocidal concentration (MBC) of AgNPs against test fungi were evaluated. The fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) index was determined to estimate antifungal activity of AgNPs combined with antibiotics...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670715/lipid-membrane-modulation-and-pigmentation-a-cryoprotection-mechanism-in-arctic-pigmented-bacteria
#12
Archana Singh, Kottekattu P Krishnan, Dharmar Prabaharan, Rupesh K Sinha
The present study aims to address the effect of gradual change in temperature (15-4 °C) followed by freeze-thaw on pigmented bacterial strains - Leeuwenhoekiella aequorea, Pseudomonas pelagia, Halomonas boliviensis, Rhodococcus yunnanensis, and Algoriphagus ratkwoskyi, isolated from Kongsfjorden (an Arctic fjord) to understand their survival in present climate change scenario. The total cell count and retrievability of the isolates were not affected despite the variation in temperature. In all the isolates, the saturated fatty acids, particularly stearic and palmitic acid were predominant at higher temperature, while at 4 °C, the unsaturated fatty acids, primarily cis-10-pentadecenoic, palmitoleic, and oleic acid, were major constituents, confirming homeoviscous adaptation...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649733/composition-of-the-root-mycorrhizal-community-associated-with-coffea-arabica-in-fifa-mountains-jazan-region-saudi-arabia
#13
Mosbah Mahdhi, Taieb Tounekti, Turki Ali Al-Turki, Habib Khemira
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) constitute a key functional group of soil biota that can greatly contribute to crop productivity and ecosystem sustainability. They improve nutrient uptake and enhance the ability of plants to cope with abiotic stresses. The presence of AMF in coffee (Coffea arabica L.) plant roots have been reported in several locations but not in Saudi Arabia despite the fact that coffee has been in cultivation here since ancient times. The objective of the present study was to investigate the diversity of AMF communities colonizing the roots of coffee trees growing in two sites of Fifa Mountains (south-west Saudi Arabia): site 1 at 700 m altitude and site 2 at 1400 m...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639705/cloning-and-characterization-of-iron-superoxide-dismutase-in-antarctic-yeast-strain-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-an5
#14
Guangfeng Kan, Hua Wen, Xiaofei Wang, Ting Zhou, Cuijuan Shi
A novel superoxide dismutase gene from Antarctic yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa AN5 was cloned, sequenced, and then expressed in Escherichia coli. The R. mucilaginosa AN5 SOD (RmFeSOD) gene was 639 bp open reading frame in length, which encoded a protein of 212 amino acids with a deduced molecular mass of 23.5 kDa and a pI of 7.89. RmFeSOD was identified as iron SOD type with a natural status of homodimer. The recombinant RmFeSOD showed good pH stability in the pH 1.0-9.0 after 1 h incubation. Meanwhile, it was found to behave relatively high thermostability, and maintained more than 80% activity at 50 °C for 1 h...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614606/antagonism-of-trichoderma-isolates-against-leucoagaricus-gongylophorus-singer-m%C3%A3-ller
#15
Mariela Otoni do Nascimento, Renato de Almeida Sarmento, Gil Rodrigues Dos Santos, Cléia Almeida de Oliveira, Danival José de Souza
Filamentous fungi from the genus Trichoderma are commonly found in soil. They are considered facultative mycoparasites, and are antagonists of other fungi such as the cultivar of leaf-cutting ants (Leucoagaricus gongylophorus). The aim of the present study was to bioprospect Trichoderma spp. from different soils collected from Gurupi, Tocantins, Brazil, for antagonistic effects against the mutualistic fungus of leaf-cutting ants. To isolate filamentous fungi, samples were collected from six locations. Preliminarily, isolates were identified by morphological analysis as belonging to Trichoderma...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594071/inhibition-strategies-of-listeria-monocytogenes-biofilms-current-knowledge-and-future-outlooks
#16
REVIEW
Sandra F Oloketuyi, Fazlurrahman Khan
There is an increasing trend in the food industry on the Listeria monocytogenes biofilm formation and inhibition. This is attributed to its easy survival on contact surfaces, resistance to disinfectants or antibiotics and growth under the stringent condition used for food processing and preservation thereby leading to food contamination products by direct or indirect exposure. Though, there is a lack of conclusive evidences about the mechanism of biofilm formation, in this review, the concept of biofilm formation and various chemical, physical, and green technology approaches to prevent or control the biofilm formed is discussed...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543056/cloning-and-analysis-of-the-glwc-1-and-glwc-2-genes-encoding-putative-blue-light-photoreceptor-from-ganoderma-lucidum
#17
Xinran Xu, Xiangdong Chen, Wumengxiao Yu, Yu Liu, Weiwei Zhang, Jin Lan
Blue light plays an important role during the growth of Ganoderma lucidum, one of the best-known medicinal macrofungi in China. In the present study, we cloned Glwc-1 and Glwc-2, the homologue of the blue light photoreceptors Ncwc-1 and Ncwc-2 of Neurospora crassa, from G. lucidum. The deduced amino acid sequence of Glwc-1 contained the similar function domains as NcWC-1 including LOV, PAS B, PAS C, and PAC domains. The deduced amino acid sequence of Glwc-2 contained PAS domain and GATA-type zinc finger (Znf) domain as well as NcWC-2...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543691/emergent-macrophytes-modify-the-abundance-and-community-composition-of-ammonia-oxidizers-in-their-rhizosphere-sediments
#18
Dayong Zhao, Xiaowei He, Rui Huang, Wenming Yan, Zhongbo Yu
Ammonia oxidation is a crucial process in global nitrogen cycling, which is catalyzed by the ammonia oxidizers. Emergent plants play important roles in the freshwater ecosystem. Therefore, it is meaningful to investigate the effects of emergent macrophytes on the abundance and community composition of ammonia oxidizers. In the present study, two commonly found emergent macrophytes (Zizania caduciflora and Phragmitas communis) were obtained from freshwater lakes and the abundance and community composition of the ammonia-oxidizing prokaryotes in the rhizosphere sediments of these emergent macrophytes were investigated...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543603/silver-nanoparticles-antimicrobial-activity-cytotoxicity-and-synergism-with-n-acetyl-cysteine
#19
Selwan Hamed, Mohamed Emara, Riham M Shawky, Ramadan A El-Domany, Tareq Youssef
The fast progression of nanotechnology has led to novel therapeutic interventions. Antimicrobial activities of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were tested against standard ATCC strains of Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 9144), Escherichia coli (O157:H7), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853), and Candida albicans (ATCC 90028) in addition to 60 clinical isolates collected from cancer patients. Antimicrobial activity was tested by disk diffusion method and MIC values for Ag NPs alone and in combination with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) against tested pathogens were determined by broth microdilution method...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543536/cyanobacteria-as-efficient-producers-of-mycosporine-like-amino-acids
#20
REVIEW
Shikha Jain, Ganshyam Prajapat, Mustari Abrar, Lalita Ledwani, Anoop Singh, Akhil Agrawal
Mycosporine-like amino acids are the most common group of transparent ultraviolet radiation absorbing intracellular secondary metabolites. These molecules absorb light in the range of ultraviolet-A and -B with a maximum absorbance between 310 and 362 nm. Cyanobacteria might have faced the most deleterious ultraviolet radiation, which leads to an evolution of ultraviolet protecting mycosporine-like amino acids for efficient selection in the environment. In the last 30 years, scientists have investigated various cyanobacteria for novel mycosporine-like amino acids, applying different induction techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
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