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Journal of Basic Microbiology

Anjan Barman, Chandrika Buragohain, Suvendra Kumar Ray
Ralstonia solanacearum is an important phyto-pathogenic bacterium. The bacterium exhibits type IV pili meditated twitching motility that has been implicated in the process of natural transformation in it. A comA gene homolog, alike in several other naturally competent bacteria, has been already reported in this bacterium. However, there are no report of direct link between comA and twitching motility during the natural transformation process in this pathogen. In order to figure out any connection between comA and twitching motility, we created an insertion mutation in comA gene homolog of R...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Yong Tan, Yinshan Cui, Haoyu Li, Anxiu Kuang, Xiaoran Li, Yunlin Wei, Xiuling Ji
Rhizobacteria and endophytic bacteria play important roles in protecting host plants from infection by phytopathogens, which cause soil-borne diseases and severely impair plant health. Panax notoginseng is negatively affected by continuous cropping and becomes vulnerable to attack by microbial pathogens. In the present study, culture-independent Illumina MiSeq was used to investigate root-endophytic and rhizospheric bacteria in response to continuous cropping of P. notoginseng. Numbers of rhizospheric bacteria decreased with continuous P...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Phitthaya Nookongbut, Duangporn Kantachote, Kannan Krishnan, Mallavarapu Megharaj
This study aimed to identify arsenic resistant mechanisms in As-resistant purple nonsulfur bacteria (PNSB) by screening them for presence of As-resistance genes and related enzymes. Resistance to As(III) and As(V) of four As-resistant PNSB determined in terms of median inhibition concentration (IC50 values) were in the order of strains Rhodopseudomonas palustris C1 > R. palustris AB3 > Rubrivivax benzoatilyticus C31 > R. palustris L28 which corresponded to the presence of As-resistance genes in these bacteria...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Bo-Bo Wang, Feng-Hui Wang, Qiang Xu, Kang-Ying Wang, Yu-Jia Xue, Rui Ren, Jia-Qing Zeng, Yang Liu, Hai-Yan Zhang, Hai-Yu Wang, Bin Cai, Kui-Zheng Cai, Xin Cao
To screen potential nematophagous fungi candidates for the biological control of parasitic nematodes in livestock, in vitro and in vivo studies of the native isolates of nematophagous fungi against the larvae of trichostrongylides were conducted. The in vitro predatory activity of 16 native nematophagous fungal isolates on the larvae of trichostrongylides in sheep feces was assessed. In the ten isolates of Duddingtonia flagrans, the reduction percentage for the infective larvae (L3) of Trichostrongylus colubriformis ranged from 57...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Deyong Duan, Tianyin Cheng
In this study, we analyzed the in vivo microbial community structure and diversity differences of Haemaphysalis flava (H. flava) in four developmental stages (egg, larva, nymph, and adult) to determine which bacterial genera could be propagated through transovarial transmission and transmitted by transstadial transmission during different developmental stages of H. flava. Paired-end sequencing of the V3 region of the 16S ribosomal DNA (16S rDNA) of H. flava in four developmental stage samples was conducted using the Illumina MiSeq sequencing platform...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Marianela Juarez Del Valle, Jonathan Emiliano Laiño, Graciela Savoy de Giori, Jean Guy LeBlanc
Riboflavin (vitamin B2 ) is one of the B-group water-soluble vitamins and is essential for energy metabolism of the cell. The aim of this study was to determine factors that affect riboflavin production by Lactobacillus (L.) plantarum CRL 725 grown in a semi defined medium and evaluate the expression of its rib genes. The factors found to enhance riboflavin production in this medium were incubation at 30 °C, and the addition of specific medium constituents, such as casamino acids (10 g L(-1) ), guanosine (0...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Aatif Amin, Zakia Latif
Mercury resistant (Hg(R) ) bacteria were screened from industrial effluents and effluents-polluted rhizosphere soils near to districts Kasur and Sheikhupura, Pakistan. Out of 60 isolates, three bacterial strains, Bacillus sp. AZ-1, Bacillus cereus AZ-2, and Enterobacter cloacae AZ-3 showed Hg-resistance as 20 μg ml(-1) of HgCl2 and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production as 8-38 μg ml(-1) . Biochemical and molecular characterization of selected bacteria was confirmed by 16S ribotyping. Mercury resistant genes merA, merB, and merE of mer operon in Bacillus spp...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Emre M Ipekoğlu, Koray Göçmen, Mehmet T Öz, Muazzez Gürgan, Meral Yücel
Rhodobacter sphaeroides is a purple non-sulfur bacterium which photoheterotrophically produces hydrogen from organic acids under anaerobic conditions. A gene coding for putative chlorophyll a synthase (chlG) from cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus was amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction and cloned into an inducible-expression plasmid which was subsequently transferred to R. sphaeroides for heterologous expression. Induced expression of chlG in R. sphaeroides led to changes in light absorption spectrum within 400-700 nm...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Xuesong Luo, Shun Han, Songsong Lai, Qiaoyun Huang, Wenli Chen
Nitrospira are the most widespread and well known nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) and putatively key nitrite-oxidizers in acidic ecosystems. Nevertheless, their ecology in agriculture soils has not been well studied. To understand the impact of straw incorporation on soil Nitrospira-like bacterial community, a cloned library analysis of the nitrite oxidoreductase gene-nxrB was performed for a long-term rapeseed-rice rotation system. In this study, most members of the Nitrospira-like NOB in the paddy soils from the Wuxue field experiment station were phylogenetically related with Nitrospira lineages II...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Sourav Bhattacharya, Arijit Das, Muthusamy Palaniswamy, Jayaraman Angayarkanni
Benzo[a]pyrene, a high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon possesses carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic properties. The present study focuses on benzo[a]pyrene degradation by Pleurotus ostreatus PO-3, characterization and identification of metabolites produced and the extent of degradation in the presence of axenic culture of P. ostreatus PO-3 and defined co-cultures of the basidiomycete with bacteria and non-basidiomycete fungi. Thin-layer chromatography revealed that P. ostreatus PO-3 transformed benzo[a]pyrene to polar metabolites...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Juan Chen, Junni Tang, Hui Shi, Cheng Tang, Rong Zhang
The characteristics of volatile compounds from five different bacterial species, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis, Shigella flexneri, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes, growing, respectively, in trypticase soy broth were monitored by headspace solid-phase micro-extraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results showed that most volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of five pathogens started to increase after the sixth to tenth hour. Methyl ketones and long chain alcohols were representative volatiles for three Gram-negative bacteria...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Syed Ghazanfar Ali, Mohammad Azam Ansari, Haris M Khan, Mohammad Jalal, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Swaranjit Singh Cameotra
Green synthesized nanoparticles have gained great attention due to their non-toxic and non-hazardous nature. In the present study, bark extract of the medicinal plant in Ayurveda Crataeva nurvala (Buch-Ham) (CN) was chosen for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). These NPs were characterized by Ultra violet visible spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra Red, Atomic Force Microscopy, and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The average particle size of green synthesized CN-AgNPs was 15.2 ± 1...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Marzia Salzillo, Valeria Vastano, Ugo Capri, Lidia Muscariello, Rosangela Marasco
Multi-functional surface proteins have been observed in a variety of pathogenic bacteria, where they mediate host cell adhesion and invasion, as well as in commensal bacterial species, were they mediate positive interaction with the host. Among these proteins, some glycolytic enzymes, expressed on the bacterial cell surface, can bind human extracellular matrix components (ECM). A major target for them is collagen, an abundant glycoprotein of connective tissues. We have previously shown that the enolase EnoA1 of Lactobacillus plantarum, one of the most predominant species in the gut microbiota of healthy individuals, is involved in binding with collagen type I (CnI)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Fatima Nehal, Raida Jallouli, Najeh Krayem, Madiha Bou Ali, Abdelkader Dilmi Bouras, Ahmed Fendri, Youssef Gargouri
A Staphylococcus aureus strain, isolated from an Algerian biotope, secretes a non-induced lipase in the culture medium. The S. aureus lipase (SAL) was purified to homogeneity. Pure SAL is a monomeric protein (43 kDa). The 20 N-terminal amino acid residues showed a high degree of homology with other staphylococcal lipase sequences. SAL presents specific activities of about 1600 and 555 U mg(-1) using tributyrin and olive oil emulsion as substrates, respectively. In contrast to other staphylococcal lipases previously characterized, SAL was stable at a pH range from 6 to 9 after 1 h incubation, and retained 50% of its activity after 10 min incubation at 50 °C...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Jia Chun Lim, Suganthi Thevarajoo, Chitra Selvaratnam, Kian Mau Goh, Mohd Shahir Shamsir, Zaharah Ibrahim, Chun Shiong Chong
Anoxybacillus sp. SK 3-4 is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium and a member of family Bacillaceae. We had previously reported that the strain is an aluminum resistant thermophilic bacterium. This is the first report to provide a detailed analysis of the global transcriptional response of Anoxybacillus when the cells were exposed to 600 mg L(-1) of aluminum. The transcriptome was sequenced using Illumina MiSeq sequencer. Total of 708 genes were differentially expressed (fold change >2.00) with 316 genes were up-regulated while 347 genes were down-regulated, in comparing to control with no aluminum added in the culture...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Lobna Daoud, Mouna Jlidi, Houda Hmani, Adel Hadj Brahim, Mahdi El Arbi, Mamdouh Ben Ali
About 110 newly isolated halophilic and halotolerant bacteria were screened for protease production. A moderately halophilic strain (CJ4), isolated from Chott Eldjerid Hypersaline lake in Tunisia, showed the highest activity on agar plate and was then selected. The biochemical and physiological characterization of the isolate along with the 16S rRNA sequence analysis placed it in the genus Halobacillus. Protease production was maximal at 120 g/L NaCl (2 M) and it started from the post-exponential phase reaching a maximum level at the early decline phase of bacterial growth...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Krishna Kumar, K Manigundan, Natarajan Amaresan
In the present study, a total of 70 Trichoderma spp. were isolated from the rhizosphere soils of vegetable and spice crops that were grown in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Initial screening of Trichoderma spp. for salt tolerant properties showed 32 isolates were able to tolerate 10% NaCl. Furthermore, these isolates were screened for their potential plant growth-promoting characteristics such as IAA production, phosphate solubilization, and siderophore production. Among 32 isolates, nine isolates were able to produce IAA, siderophore, and solubilize phosphate...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Pimpikar Kanchanadumkerng, Makiko Sakka, Kazuo Sakka, Chanpen Wiwat
The newly isolated Paenibacillus sp. M33 from freshwater swamp forest soil in Thailand demonstrated its potential as a cellulose degrader. One of its endoglucanase genes from Paenibacillus sp., celP, was cloned to study the molecular characteristics of its gene product. The celP gene was recognized firstly by degenerate primer designed from Paenibacillus endoglucanase gene, and subsequently identified flanking region by inverse PCR technique. The celP gene consists of an open reading frame of 1707 bp encoding for 569 amino acids including 33-amino acids signal sequence...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Sedigheh Kianpour, Alireza Ebrahiminezhad, Milad Mohkam, Ali Mohammad Tamaddon, Ali Dehshahri, Reza Heidari, Younes Ghasemi
There is an increasing interest in the nanostructured polysaccharide-iron hydrogel produced by Klebsiella oxytoca. Critical physicochemical and biological characteristics of these nanostructures should be revealed for biomedical applications. Accordingly, an iron reducing strain K. oxytoca, which synthesizes biogenic polysaccharide-iron hydrogel nanoparticles, known as Fe (III)-exopolysaccharide (Fe-EPS) was isolated from a mineral spring. For microbiological identification purpose 16S rRNA sequence analysis and different morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics of the isolate were studied...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Qitao Song, Xiaoyue Zhang, Na Li, Jie Shen, Jiansong Cheng
Despite the absence of any homologs of Tannerella forsythia KLIKK proteases in Tannerella sp.6_1_58FAA_CT1, the strain possesses a putative cysteine protease (G9S4N1) closely related to RgpB of Porphyromonas gingivalis. G9S4N1 lacks obvious propeptide that behaves as inhibitor of proteases and was proven to be a propeptide-independent protease. Unlike RgpB, which exclusively cleaves ArgXaa bonds, G9S4N1 exhibits both arginine- and citrulline-specific activities. Mutations of Asp177, a potential P1-Arg binding site, to uncharged or positively charged residues did not alter the substrate specificity of G9S4N1 significantly...
January 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
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