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Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744091/author-reply
#1
COMMENT
Venkatraman Indiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744090/hard-metal-lung-disease-unexpected-ct-findings
#2
P Sergio, M Ceruti, L Manotti, R Manuguerra, P Ceruti, A Dell'Osso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744089/iatrogenic-buffalo-chest-syndrome
#3
Animesh Ray, Mansi Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744088/igg4-related-disease-simulating-paraneoplastic-syndrome-role-of-18-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#4
Madhuri S Mahajan, Sudeshna Maitra, Natasha Singh, Melvika Pereira
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related systemic disease (IgG4-RSD) is a new systemic entity associated with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Other organ involvements take the form of sclerosing cholangitis, sclerosing cholecystitis, sclerosing sialadenitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and interstitial nephritis. Recently, lung diseases related to IgG4 have been described to occur with or without other organ involvement. These diseases include interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744087/a-peek-into-the-future-of-radiology-using-big-data-applications
#5
Amit T Kharat, Shubham Singhal
Big data is extremely large amount of data which is available in the radiology department. Big data is identified by four Vs - Volume, Velocity, Variety, and Veracity. By applying different algorithmic tools and converting raw data to transformed data in such large datasets, there is a possibility of understanding and using radiology data for gaining new knowledge and insights. Big data analytics consists of 6Cs - Connection, Cloud, Cyber, Content, Community, and Customization. The global technological prowess and per-capita capacity to save digital information has roughly doubled every 40 months since the 1980's...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744086/differentiation-of-secondary-involvement-of-the-breast-by-lymphoreticular-malignancy-from-fibroadenoma-using-ultrasound-elastography-a-report-of-two-cases
#6
Eren Abdulkadir, Ertan Gulhan, Sila Ulus
Extramedullary lymphoma infiltration of the breast by lymphoblastic lymphoma is very rare and most cases are of B-cell lineage; T-cell neoplasms represent less than 10% of all breast lymphomas. Here, we report one patient with lymphoblastic lymphoma and one patient with leukemia, who have similar lesions in breasts with different ultrasound elastography findings. Ultrasound-guided tru-cut biopsies were performed and the first lesion was confirmed as lymphoma infiltration and the second as fibroadenoma. In cases of breast mass presence in patients with a history of hematologic malignancies such as lymphoma or leukemia, breast infiltration should be kept in mind...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744085/role-of-exponential-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-in-characterizing-breast-lesions-by-3-0-tesla-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Shweta Kothari, Archana Singh, Utpalendu Das, Diptendra K Sarkar, Chhanda Datta, Avijit Hazra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of exponential apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) as a tool for differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study included 88 breast lesions in 77 patients (between 18 and 85 years of age) who underwent 3T breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) using b-values of 0 and 800 s/mm(2) before biopsy. Mean exponential ADC and ADC of benign and malignant lesions obtained from DWI were compared...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744084/singular-observation-of-a-desirable-change-after-bronchial-artery-embolization-for-hemoptysis-in-intracavitary-aspergilloma
#8
B P K Prasad, Brijesh Ray
Aspergillomas are fungal balls developing in pre-existing lung cavities, which are most commonly secondary to tuberculosis. Aspergillomas can cause hemoptysis due to erosion of the blood vessels in cavity walls, which can often be recurrent, massive, and life-threatening. Bronchial artery embolization is considered to be the treatment of choice for short-term control of hemoptysis, and lobectomy as the definitive treatment for aspergilloma. We present a unique observation in two cases of aspergilloma where the fungal balls disappeared radiologically after bronchial artery embolization performed for massive hemoptysis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744083/imaging-features-of-vascular-compression-in-abdomen-fantasy-phenomenon-or-true-syndrome
#9
Sitthipong Srisajjakul, Patcharin Prapaisilp, Sirikan Bangchokdee
Vascular structures in the abdomen can compress or be compressed by adjacent structures. Classic imaging findings of vascular compressions, including median arcuate ligament syndrome, superior mesenteric artery syndrome, nutcracker syndrome, portal biliopathy, May-Thurner syndrome, and ureteropelvic junction obstruction will be discussed here. It is important to correlate imaging findings and clinical data to identify asymptomatic vascular compression which requires no treatment, intermittent vascular compression with nonspecific or vague clinical manifestation, and the subset of patients with true syndromes who will benefit from treatment...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744082/ct-guided-percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-of-osteoid-osteoma-our-experience-in-87-patients
#10
Anurag Chahal, Prathiba Rajalakshmi, Shah A Khan, Shishir Rastogi, Deep N Srivastava, Shivanand Gamanagatti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the technical and clinical success of radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma and analyze the factors responsible for clinical success. We also tried to investigate the role of follow-up computed tomography (CT) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study approved by the institute's ethics committee involving 87 patients with appendicular osteoid osteoma. CT-guided radio frequency ablation was performed using a bipolar ablation system...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744081/early-outcomes-of-radiofrequency-ablation-in-unresectable-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-from-a-tertiary-cancer-hospital-in-india
#11
Suyash Kulkarni, Nitin S Shetty, Ashwin M Polnaya, Sushil Patil, Kunal Gala, Rahul Chivate, Vikas Ostwal, Anant Ramaswamy, Shailesh V Shrikhande, Mahesh Goel, Shraddha Patkar, Manish Bhandare, Venkatesh Rangarajan, Purandare Nilendu
AIMS: The study was carried out to evaluate the early outcomes using Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) for unresectable liver metastases in the management of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) from an area of low endemicity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 Patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases had undergone 88 sessions of RFA from January 2007 till December 2013. The results were retrospectively analysed to evaluate the outcomes in terms of efficacy and survival rates...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744080/pelvic-radiograph-in-skeletal-dysplasias-an-approach
#12
Manisha Jana, Nikhil Nair, Arun K Gupta, Madhulika Kabra, Neerja Gupta
The bony pelvis is constituted by the ilium, ischium, pubis, and sacrum. The pelvic radiograph is an important component of the skeletal survey performed in suspected skeletal dysplasia. Most of the common skeletal dysplasias have either minor or major radiological abnormalities; hence, knowledge of the normal radiological appearance of bony pelvis is vital for recognizing the early signs of various skeletal dysplasias. This article discusses many common and some uncommon radiological findings on pelvic radiographs along with the specific dysplasia in which they are seen; common differential diagnostic considerations are also discussed...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744079/evaluation-of-patella-alta-using-mri-measurements-in-adolescents
#13
Barış Yılmaz, Guzelali Ozdemir, Evrim Sirin, Esin D Cicek, Burcu S Anıl, Goncagul Bulbun
PURPOSE: To determine whether or not there were any differences in the measurement techniques used by orthopedic and radiology specialists in the evaluation of magnetic resonance (MR) images for the diagnosis of patella alta in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluations were performed by three orthopedic specialists (Group I) and three radiology specialists (Group II) regarding the presence of patella alta in 40 adolescents cases using the Insall-Salvati, Caton-Deschamps, Blackburne-Peel, and modified Insall-Salvati indices on MR images obtained to diagnose patellar instability...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744078/partial-anomalous-hepatic-venous-drainage-into-left-sided-atrium-with-right-isomerism-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#14
Ishan Kumar, Anmol Bhatia, Kushaljit S Sodhi, Niranjan Khandelwal
Right isomerism, also known as Ivemark syndrome, is an unusual degree of symmetry of some of the abdominothoracic viscera reflecting bilateral right-sidedness. We report an exceedingly rare occurrence of anomalous drainage of the left hepatic vein to the left-sided atrium in a patient of right isomerism. With this case report, we further endorse that the isomerism of atrium might extend beyond the appendages, a view that has been long dismissed by the existing literature.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744077/cystic-lesions-of-the-pancreatico-biliary-tree-a-schematic-mri-approach
#15
Jaydeep Halankar, Kartik Jhaveri, Ur Metser
Although a common occurrence, cystic lesions of the pancreatico-biliary tree (PBT) may pose a diagnostic dilemma because they encompass a large number of neoplastic and benign processes with varied clinical symptoms. Knowledge of lesion classification and characterization are essential in making an accurate prospective diagnosis. This is necessary for identifying clinically significant cystic masses, which at times may require invasive intervention from indolent, nonneoplastic lesions, for which surveillance may suffice...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744076/mr-fistulography-with-percutaneous-instillation-of-aqueous-jelly-a-cost-effective-technique-innovation
#16
Rohit Aggarwal, Brijesh K Soni, Joish U Kumar, Raju A George, Rajeev Sivasankar
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistula is a commonly encountered condition in routine surgical practice. Accurate presurgical mapping of these tracts is vital to prevent recurrence. We have assessed the effectiveness of percutaneous instillation of aqueous jelly prior to magnetic resonance (MR) fistulography. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the role of percutaneous instillation of aqueous jelly in fistulous tracts prior to MR fistulography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with active discharge, referred for MR fistulography between January 2014 and April 2016, were included in this study...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744075/severity-assessment-of-acute-pancreatitis-using-ct-severity-index-and-modified-ct-severity-index-correlation-with-clinical-outcomes-and-severity-grading-as-per-the-revised-atlanta-classification
#17
Biswanath Sahu, Pooja Abbey, Rama Anand, Ashok Kumar, Shaili Tomer, Ekta Malik
AIMS: To assess the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) using computed tomography (CT) severity index (CTSI) and modified CT severity index (MCTSI), to correlate with clinical outcome measures, and to assess concordance with severity grading, as per the revised Atlanta classification (RAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study approved by the Institutional Review Board (November 2014 to March 2016), sixty patients with AP (as per the RAC definition) underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) 5-11 days (median 6 days) after symptom onset...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744074/multimodality-imaging-of-vaginal-rhabdomyosarcoma
#18
Richa S Chauhan, Dheeraj K Singh, Bishwarup Guha, Ishan Kumar, Ashish Verma
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a malignant mesenchymal tumor arising from the embryonal muscle cells (rhabdomyoblasts), and is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children and young adults accounting for 4-6% of all malignancies in this age group. Though rare overall, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common malignancy arising in the pediatric female genitourinary tract with sarcoma botryoides being the most common variant of the tumor. In young and adolescent individuals, the cervix and uterus are affected; whereas in infants, vaginal lesions are more common...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744073/gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-in-current-practice-risks-of-accumulation-and-toxicity-in-patients-with-normal-renal-function
#19
Anju Ranga, Yatish Agarwal, Kanika J Garg
Despite being decked as the most prized compounds in the nugget box of contrast agents for clinical radiologists, and carrying an indisputable tag of safety of the US Food and Drug Administration for close to three decades, all may not be seemingly well with the family of gadolinium compounds. If the first signs of violations of primum non nocere in relation to gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) appeared in the millennium year with the first published report of skin fibrosis in patients with compromised renal function, the causal relationship between the development of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) and GBCAs, first proposed by two European groups in 2006, further precluded their use in renocompromised patients...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744072/multimodality-imaging-spectrum-of-complications-of-horseshoe-kidney
#20
Hardik U Shah, Vijayanadh Ojili
Horseshoe kidney is the most common congenital renal fusion anomaly with an incidence of 1 in 400-600 individuals. The most common type is fusion at the lower poles seen in greater than 90% of the cases, with the rest depicting fusion at the upper poles, resulting in an inverted horseshoe kidney. Embryologically, there are two theories hypothesizing the genesis of horseshoe kidney - mechanical fusion theory and teratogenic event theory. As an entity, horseshoe kidney is an association of two anatomic anomalies, namely, ectopia and malrotation...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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