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Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104955/erratum-magnetic-resonance-imaging-spectrum-of-perinatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 316 in vol. 26, PMID: 27857456.].
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104954/when-to-image-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#2
Arockia Rajasekhar, Prasad T Veedu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104953/sonographic-features-of-agenesis-of-dorsal-pancreas
#3
Kulvinder Singh, Chiranjeev K Gathwal, Devender Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104952/pitfalls-in-interpretation-of-fdg-pet-ct-septic-pulmonary-emboli-mimicking-metastases-in-a-case-of-gastric-carcinoma
#4
Harkirat Singh, Aftab Alam, T V S V G K Tilak, Prateek Kinra, Brijesh K Soni
Inflammatory lesions may sometimes show intense tracer uptake and mimic neoplastic lesions on (18) F-fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). We report one such false positive case on FDG PET/CT, where septic pulmonary emboli (SPE) mimicked pulmonary metastases. A 45-year-old man with stomach cancer had an indwelling central venous catheter (CVC) in situ while on neoadjuvant chemotherapy. He underwent FDG PET/CT scan for response assessment and the images revealed multiple, intensely FDG avid, peripheral, lung nodules with feeding vessels, which were suspicious for pulmonary metastases...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104951/aortic-atresia-with-normal-sized-left-ventricle
#5
Priya Jagia, Arun Sharma, Saurabh K Gupta, Munish Guleria
Aortic atresia with an associated ventricular septal defect and adequate sized left ventricle is extremely rare. We present two cases in which an alternate diagnosis was suggested on echocardiography because the hypoplastic aortic trunk was missed due to its small caliber. The final diagnosis was, however, clinched on dual source computed tomography, which not only showed the thin aortic trunk but also clearly depicted the coronary artery origins from the hypoplastic aortic root. To the best of our knowledge, use of multi-detector computed tomography in aortic atresia with well developed left ventricle has not been reported in literature till date...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104950/congenital-facial-nerve-aplasia-mr-depiction-of-a-rare-anomaly
#6
Ishan Kumar, Ashish Verma, Ritu Ojha, Priyanka Aggarwal
We report two infants presenting with unilateral congenital facial palsy since birth. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in both the cases revealed complete unilateral aplasia of facial nerve. To our knowledge, this is the first reported MR depiction of nonsyndromic isolated facial nerve aplasia. Imaging features and the pertinent anatomy is discussed along with a brief review of literature.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104949/enlarged-parathyroid-glands-with-variable-sonomorphology-in-a-case-of-tertiary-hyperparathyroidism-sonographic-histopathologic-correlation
#7
Yashant Aswani, Varsha Dhume, Ravi Varma, Shenaz Saifi
The typical sonomorphology of homogeneously hypoechoic texture of an enlarged parathyroid gland (PG) is a reflection of uniform arrangement of the parathormone-producing chief cells. A variable cellular arrangement, hemorrhage, fibrosis, and adipocytes cause heterogeneous appearance. We describe a case of a 32-year-old male, a case of tertiary hyperparathyroidism, with increased serum parathormone levels, hypercalcemia, and enlargement of all four PGs, albeit with differing morphology. The left lower gland had two nodules, namely, superior and inferior...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104948/external-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-with-arteriovenous-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-glass-shrapnel-injury
#8
Rashmi Saraf, Rajaram Sharma, Lodha V Jaini, Shashikant Mhashal
Posttraumatic external carotid artery pseudoaneurysm with arteriovenous fistula is a rare condition. An 8-year-old child presented with painful pulsatile swelling in the preauricular region following a penetrating glass shrapnel injury. Detailed evaluation showed distal external carotid artery pseudoaneurysm with fistula, which was draining into the retromandibular vein. Endovascular treatment was performed. This case highlights the role of endovascular intervention for such rare complicated vascular pathologies...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104947/discontinuous-splenogonadal-fusion-diagnosed-on-computed-tomography
#9
Ravikanth Jakkani, Fayzah A Alhajri, Abdullattif Alteriki, Meshari F Almuteri, Reji P Athyal, Khaled Z Hashem
Splenogonadal fusion is a very rare congenital anomaly which often manifests as a scrotal mass and rarely as cryptorchidism. It can be of continuous and discontinuous type based on the presence of a band of connecting splenic tissue. We report a rare case of discontinuous type of splenogonadal fusion in an adolescent male presenting as cryptorchidism. We emphasize the computed tomographic findings, which helped us in preoperative diagnosis and aided in appropriate management.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104946/mobious-syndrome-mr-findings
#10
Maskal Revanna Srinivas, Dhulappa Mudabasappagol Vaishali, Kadaba Shamachar Vedaraju, Bangalore Rangaswamy Nagaraj
Möbius syndrome is an extremely rare congenital disorder. We report a case of Möbius syndrome in a 2-year-old girl with bilateral convergent squint and left-sided facial weakness. The characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of Möbius syndrome, which include absent bilateral abducens nerves and absent left facial nerve, were noted. In addition, there was absence of left anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) and absence of bilateral facial colliculi. Clinical features, etiology, and imaging findings are discussed...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104945/neonatal-and-infantile-spinal-sonography-a-useful-investigation-often-underutilized
#11
Nikhil Nair, M Sreenivas, Arun K Gupta, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy, Manisha Jana
Sonography is an ideal, effective, noninvasive tool for evaluation of the spinal cord in neonatal and early infantile age groups owing to lack of ossification of the posterior elements of spine. Understanding normal anatomical appearances is a prerequisite for the interpretation of various pathologies of the spinal canal and its contents. This review elucidates normal appearances of the spinal cord in this age group, in both axial and sagittal planes. Usefulness of Doppler sonography is briefly discussed, and special emphasis is placed on normal anatomical variants that may mimic spinal abnormalities...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104944/restricted-diffusion-in-the-corpus-callosum-a-neuroradiological-marker-in-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#12
Alok Kale, Priscilla Joshi, A B Kelkar
BACKGROUND: Restricted diffusion within the splenium of the corpus callosum has been described by other authors in various conditions, however, restricted diffusion in the entire corpus callosum or isolated involvement of the splenium, genu, or body has been infrequently reported on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. We report a series of cases showing different patterns of involvement. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Perinatal imaging with MRI including diffusion-weighted imaging was performed in 40 neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, including 11 premature neonates...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104943/disseminated-gestational-choriocarcinoma-presenting-with-hepatic-and-uveal-metastases-hook-effect-and-choriocarcinoma-syndrome
#13
Yashant Aswani, Hemangini Thakkar, Priya Hira
Choriocarcinoma is a human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG)-secreting tumor that comprises vascular channels. It has a tendency for widespread metastasis, common sites for which include the lung, vagina, brain, liver, bone, intestine, and kidney. We describe a 30-year-old female who presented with hepatitis-like features and bilateral diminution of vision, and subsequently developed hemothorax and hemoperitoneum-all rare and seemingly unrelated manifestations which were finally attributable to metastases from gestational choriocarcinoma...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104942/accuracy-of-mri-for-prediction-of-response-to-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-compared-to-other-subtypes-of-breast-cancer
#14
Gaurav J Bansal, Divya Santosh
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the prediction of response to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy in triple negative (TN) breast cancer, with respect to other subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were a total of 1610 breast cancers diagnosed between March 2009 and August 2014, out of which 82 patients underwent MRI before and after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy but just before surgery. TN cancers were analyzed with respect to others subtypes...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104941/dacron-graft-aneurysm-with-dissection
#15
Asik Ali Mohamed Ali, Praveen Sharma, Rujuta N Rege, Saveetha Rajesh, Kulasekaran Nadhamuni
Dacron grafts have been used as a conduit for large caliber arteries for many years successfully. However, these grafts can undergo complications such as aneurysm formation, rupture, and failure. Evaluation of these complications are of paramount importance because of its tendency to rupture and cause death. Imaging plays an important role in identifying and monitoring of these complications, and also provides a road map to the vascular surgeons for early intervention and revascularization.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104940/percutaneous-epidural-drainage-through-a-burr-hole
#16
Priscila M Falsarella, Rafael D Rocha, Rodrigo G Garcia
Intracranial extradural collection may cause an increase in intracranial pressure, requiring rapid emergency treatment to reduce morbidity and mortality. We described an alternative CT-guided percutaneous access for extradural collection drainage. We report a case of a patient with previous craniectomy for meningioma ressection who presented to the Emergency Department with symptoms of intracranial hypertension. Brains CT showed a extradural collection with subfalcine herniation. After multidisciplinary discussion a CT-guided percutaneous drainage through previous burr hole was performed...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104939/percutaneous-removal-of-impacted-double-j-stent-in-a-transplant-kidney
#17
Rahul Kumar, Chandan J Das, Vathulru Seenu, Amlesh Seth
Prophylactic double J (DJ) stent insertion has been adopted as a routine procedure in renal transplant patients for internal urinary diversion and for protecting ureteroneocystostomy anastomosis. The timely and early removal of stent has been proved to reduce the occurrence of stent-associated complications such as migration, encrustation, and infection. The most commonly used procedure of stent removal via retrograde cystoscopic approach can sometimes be technically very difficult leaving antegrade approach as another alternative to open surgery as the last resort...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104938/percutaneous-transluminal-angioplasty-and-stenting-in-the-management-of-chronic-mesenteric-angina-a-single-center-experience
#18
Tixon Thomas, Nazar P Kader, Nirmal K Prabhu, Rajesh Kannan, Sreekumar K Pullara, Srikanth Moorthy
INTRODUCTION: The objective of our study was to review the results of percutaneous angioplasty (PTA)/stenting in the treatment of patients who presented with symptoms and angiographic findings of chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 13 consecutive patients from a single institution who underwent PTA/stenting for the treatment of symptoms suggestive of CMI. RESULTS: All 13 patients in our study were men, and most common presenting symptoms were weight loss and postprandial pain...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104937/the-correlation-between-medial-plica-and-trochlear-dysplasis-an-mri-study
#19
Elif E Ekin, Hülya K Yildiz, Harun Mutlu, Engin Çetinkaya
BACKGROUND: Trochlear dysplasia is the most commonly encountered congenital etiologic factor of anterior knee pain. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between trochlear dysplasia with medial patellar plica as well as to investigate the distribution of plica types according to types of dysplasia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a retrospective case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted among 138 knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104936/myelopathy-in-adult-aortic-coarctation-causes-and-caveats-of-an-atypical-presentation
#20
Chandan Mourya, Ashish Verma, Anand Bansal, Ram C Shukla, Arvind Srivastava
A 57-year-old female presenting with acute-onset paraplegia was referred for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of cervico-dorsal spine. On MRI, multiple tortuous dilated vessels were noted in the epidural space with long segment cord compression and imaging features of compressive myelopathy. Associated small acute cervico-dorsal epidural hematoma was also noted in the same region. Computed tomography (CT) angiography was performed subsequently which revealed post-ductal coarctation of aorta with multiple arterial collaterals in the chest wall and spinal canal...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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