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Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379251/transcatheter-embolization-of-a-cystic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-cirrhotic-patient-with-perforated-acute-cholecystitis
#1
Shekher Maddineni, Marc Michael D Lim, Sam McCabe, Grigory Rozenblit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379250/informed-consent-in-diagnostic-radiology-practice-where-do-we-stand
#2
Akshay D Baheti, Meenakshi H Thakur, Bhavin Jankharia
We review the evolution of the concept of informed consent from a radiology standpoint, the current international guidelines on the need for obtaining consent in diagnostic radiology practice, and the current Indian scenario, focusing on both practical and medicolegal aspects. We discuss the concept of patient information sheet with signature, a potential way forward benefiting both patients and radiologists.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379249/is-there-a-clinical-usefulness-for-radiolabeled-somatostatin-analogues-beyond-the-consolidated-role-in-nets
#3
Vincenzo Cuccurullo, Giuseppe Danilo Di Stasio, Maria Rosaria Prisco, Luigi Mansi
The somatostatin (SS) receptor scintigraphy (SRS), using octreotide radiolabelled with 111In (Ocreoscan©, OCT), is a consolidated diagnostic procedure in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NET) because of an increased expression of somatostatin receptors (SS-R) on neoplastic cells. Uptake of SS analogues (SSA) can also be due to SS-R expression on nonmalignant cells when activated as lymphocytes, macrophages, fibroblasts, vascular cells. Because of this uptake, clinical indications can be found either in neoplasms not overexpressing SS-R, as nonsmall cell lung cancer, and in active benign diseases...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379248/abdominal-aorta-aneurysm-with-hostile-neck-early-outcomes-in-outside-instruction-for-use-in-patients-using-the-treovance%C3%A2-stent-graft
#4
Umberto G Rossi, Pierluca Torcia, Raffaello Dallatana, Davide Santuari, Pietro Mingazzini, Maurizio Cariati
Purpose: The efficacy and safety of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), in patients outside instruction for use (IFU), is very challenging and widely debated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the placement of the Treovance® abdominal aorta stent-graft in patients with hostile proximal necks considered outside IFU. Materials and Methods: Between May 2013 and August 2014, 5 patients with outside IFU underwent EVAR with the Treovance® stent-graft. Technical and clinical successes were evaluated...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379247/radiofrequency-ablation-of-surface-v-s-intraparenchymal-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-cirrhotic-patients
#5
Yashwant Patidar, Praveen Singhal, Shailesh Gupta, Amar Mukund, Shiv K Sarin
Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the safety and technical efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of surface hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in comparison to intraparenchymal HCC in cirrhotic patients. Materials and Methods: Surface lesions were defined as tumours located or reaching within 1cm of liver capsule including exophytic lesions. Seventy-four surface HCC including 21 exophytic in 58 patients (surface group) and 60 intraparenchymal HCC in 54 patients (intraparenchymal group) measuring up to 4 cm in maximum extent underwent percutaneous [ultrasound (US) or computed tomography-guided (CT-guided)] RFA...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379246/endovascular-uterine-artery-interventions
#6
Chandan J Das, Deepak Rathinam, Smita Manchanda, D N Srivastava
Percutaneous vascular embolization plays an important role in the management of various gynecologic and obstetric abnormalities. Transcatheter embolization is a minimally invasive alternative procedure to surgery with reduced morbidity and mortality, and preserves the patient's future fertility potential. The clinical indications for transcatheter embolization are much broader and include many benign gynecologic conditions, such as fibroid, adenomyosis, and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), as well as intractable bleeding due to inoperable advanced-stage malignancies...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379245/role-of-transperineal-ultrasound-in-infective-and-inflammatory-disorders
#7
Chaitanya I Puranik, Vinod J Wadhwani, Deep M Vora
Aims: To evaluate the role of transperineal ultrasound as screening tool in infective and inflammatory diseases of perianal region. Materials and Methods: Initially, clinical examination of the perineal region of patients (pts) for perianal external opening of tracts, swelling and tenderness is done. The perineal USG was performed using 2 -5 MHz sector probe and 7 -13 MHz linear probe on GE logiq P 5 ultrasound machine. Internal opening of any fistulous tract were described with clockwise position and tracts were traced upto their external opening and perifocal area were screened for any ramification...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379244/review-of-imaging-in-post-laparoscopy-cholecystectomy-complications
#8
Binit Sureka, Amar Mukund
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now considered the procedure of choice for uncomplicated symptomatic gallstone disease worldwide. Various biliary, vascular, gastrointestinal, neurological and local complications may be seen on imaging post surgery. Knowledge of these entities and imaging appearances is indispensable for the radiologist in today's era. We emphasize on the list of potential complications and imaging appearances of this surgical procedure.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379243/evaluation-of-parenchymal-thyroid-diseases-with-multiparametric-ultrasonography
#9
Duzgun Yildirim, Deniz Alis, Alev Bakir, Fethi E Ustabasioglu, Cesur Samanci, Bulent Colakoglu
Aim: Differential diagnosis of parenchymal thyroid diseases by gray-scale ultrasound is quite difficult for a radiologist as the findings are very similar to each other. In this study we aimed to assess some quantitative spectral Doppler parameters, resistivity index (RI), acceleration time (AT), and quantitative elastography [shear wave velocity (SWV)] together to show their reliability for differential diagnosis of parenchymal thyroid diseases. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed findings of 227 patients (179 females, 48 males) that underwent spectral Doppler ultrasound and acoustic radiation force impulse between October 2013 and March 2016...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379242/diffusion-tensor-imaging-metrics-in-cystic-intracranial-mass-lesions
#10
Amarnath Chellathurai, Priya Muthaiyan, Sathyan Gnanasigamani, Periakarupan Alakappan
Background and Purpose: Conventional MR does not always differentiate various cystic lesions of brain. Our purpose was to explore the utility of DTI in characterization & differentiation of intra cranial cystic mass lesions. Materials and Methods: DTI was done with a clinical 1.5 Tesla system in 62 patients presenting with intra cranial cystic lesions. Parameter maps of the DTI metrics MD, FA, GA, RA, Geometric tensors (CL,CP,CS) were calculated & quantified using regions of interest...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379241/comparison-of-fractional-anisotropy-and-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-among-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-stages-1-2-and-3-and-with-nonasphyxiated-newborns-in-18-areas-of-brain
#11
Supriya Kushwah, Ashok Kumar, Ashish Verma, Sriparna Basu, Ashutosh Kumar
Purpose: To determine the area and extent of injury in hypoxic encephalopathy stages by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) using parameters apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) values and their comparison with controls without any evidence of asphyxia. To correlate the outcome of hypoxia severity clinically and significant changes on DTI parameter. Materials and Methods: DTI was done in 50 cases at median age of 12 and 20 controls at median age of 7 days...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379240/imaging-review-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks
#12
Naga V Vemuri, Lakshmi S P Karanam, Venkatesh Manchikanti, Srinivas Dandamudi, Sampath K Puvvada, Vineet K Vemuri
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak occurs due to a defect in the dura and skull base. Trauma remains the most common cause of CSF leak; however, a significant number of cases are iatrogenic, and result from a complication of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Early diagnosis of CSF leak is of paramount importance to prevent life-threatening complications such as brain abscess and meningitis. Imaging plays a crucial role in the detection and characterization of CSF leaks. Three-dimensional, isotropic, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) accurately detects the site and size of the bony defect...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379239/a-rare-case-of-oeis-complex-newer-approach-to-diagnosis-of-exstrophy-bladder-by-color-doppler-and-its-differentiation-from-simple-omphalocele
#13
Kavita Aneja
The objective of this article is to present a new approach to diagnose and differentiate similar ventral masses by color Doppler. Two cases of ventral masses, a rare case of OEIS complex (Omphalocele-exstrophy-imperforate anus-spinal defects) with unusual presentation of exstrophy bladder and another of simple omphalocele, were studied by color Doppler for diagnosis and differentiation between the nature of similar masses. Ventral mass with absent bladder, normal kidneys, and normal amniotic fluid index raised the suspicion of exstrophy bladder...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379238/emergent-presentation-of-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-in-a-pediatric-patient-acute-cerebellar-involvement-causing-obstructive-hydrocephalus-requiring-posterior-fossa-decompression
#14
Dhanashree A Rajderkar, Mrunal L Shah, Jehan L Shah
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disorder of the monocyte-macrophage system that can be unifocal or systemic. Here, we present a pediatric case who initially presented with osseous LCH but again presented 6 years later emergently with cerebellar symptoms, cerebellar mass and obstructive hydrocephalus. Patient underwent biopsy of the cerebellum which was path proven intracranial LCH.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379237/intracranial-translucency-as-a-sonographic-marker-for-detecting-open-spina-bifida-at-11-13-6-weeks-scan-our-experience
#15
Madhavi L Teegala, Dhamangaonkar G Vinayak
Aims and Objectives: The fourth ventricle, seen as intracranial translucency (IT) at 11-13+6 weeks, has been reported to be obliterated in cases of open spina bifida (OSB). Our aim was to assess its role in detecting OSB at 11-13+6 weeks. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was conducted at foetal medicine unit from January 2014 to June 2015. All women who underwent both first and mid-trimester scan in our unit were included in the study. IT was categorized as normal, obliterated or not clear...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379236/spinal-dysraphism-illustrated-embroyology-revisited
#16
Ullas V Acharya, Hima Pendharkar, Dandu R Varma, Nupur Pruthi, Shriram Varadarajan
Spinal cord development occurs through three consecutive periods of gastrulation, primary nerulation and secondary neurulation. Aberration in these stages causes abnormalities of the spine and spinal cord, collectively referred as spinal dysraphism. They can be broadly classified as anomalies of gastrulation (disorders of notochord formation and of integration); anomalies of primary neurulation (premature dysjunction and nondysjunction); combined anomalies of gastrulation and primary neurulation and anomalies of secondary neurulation...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379235/levoatrial-cardinal-vein-with-normal-left-ventricle-a-forgotten-cause-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#17
Onkar B Auti, Varun Shetty, Vinay Belaval, Vimal Raj
Levoatrial cardinal vein (LACV) is anomalous connection between left atrium or pulmonary veins and systemic veins such as innominate vein or superior vena cava. This persistence of splanchnic circulation occurs when there is left-sided obstructive cardiac lesions such as hypoplastic left heart or mitral atresia. In this report we present three cases of LACV with well-developed left heart, without any obstructive lesions. All our cases presented with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and had associated intracardiac shunt such as ventricular/atrial septal defect and supracardiac partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379234/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-techniques-our-experience-on-wide-bore-3-tesla-magnetic-resonance-system
#18
Onkar B Auti, Kalashree Bandekar, Nikhil Kamat, Vimal Raj
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become a widely adapted imaging modality in the diagnosis and management of patients with cardiovascular diseases. It provides unparalleled data of cardiac function and myocardial morphology. Majority of CMR imaging is currently being performed on 1.5 Tesla (T) MR systems. Over the last many years, the cardiac imaging protocols have been standardized and optimized in the 1.5T systems. 3T MR systems are now being used more and more in small and large institutions in our country due to their proven advantages in the field of neuro, body, and musculoskeletal imaging...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379233/radiological-spectrum-of-anthracofibrosis-a-series-of-40-patients-with-computed-tomography-bronchoscopy-and-biopsy
#19
Anandamoyee Dhar, Kunal Sikund, Ajal Lall, Bharat Aggarwal
Introduction: Anthracofibrosis is a lesser known clinical entity. Patients present with chronic symptoms of cough and breathlessness with a history of biofuel/wood fire smoke exposure. There are distinct computed tomography (CT) imaging features of anthracofibrosis that can differentiate it from more common conditions such as tuberculosis (TB) and bronchogenic carcinoma. Findings include multifocal noncontiguous stenosis of bronchial tree, calcified enlarged mediastinal or hilar nodes, and secondary lung parenchymal changes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379232/appraisal-of-radiation-dose-with-64-slice-computed-tomography-perfusion-in-lung-cancer-patients-with-special-reference-to-ssde-an-initial-experience-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#20
Shuchi Bhatt, Ajai K Srivastava, Neha Meena, Shweta Thakur
Context: Computed tomography perfusion (CTP) is an important functional tool for lung cancer. It is expected to deliver high radiation dose, making its accurate estimation important. Size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) is a new dose metric, which includes the scanner output as well as the patient size. Aims: To determine radiation dose [CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP), effective dose (ED), and SSDE] for CTP in lung cancer and the correlation of CTDIvol, DLP, and SSDE with effective diameter and SSDE with weight, body mass index (BMI), and the scan length...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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