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Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857476/beyond-warfarin-the-advent-of-new-oral-anticoagulants
#1
Konark Malhotra, Monica Khunger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857475/significance-of-color-doppler-imaging-in-leprosy
#2
Yashant Aswani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857474/embryogenesis-of-vagina-and-embryopathogenesis-of-herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome
#3
Yashant Aswani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857473/endovascular-management-of-post-traumatic-giant-renal-arteriovenous-fistula-using-occluder-device
#4
Chandan J Das, Kumar Rahul, Sanjay Sharma, Amlesh Seth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857472/young-patient-with-generalized-lymphangiomatosis-differentiating-the-differential
#5
Tharani Putta, Aparna Irodi, Balamugesh Thangakunam, Ashwin Oliver, Rajesh Gunasingam
We present the case of a 19-year-old man who was extensively evaluated in multiple centres for long-standing cough, dyspnea, and hemoptysis without a definitive diagnosis. His chest radiograph at presentation showed mediastinal widening, bilateral pleural effusions, and Kerley B lines. Computed tomography of the thorax showed a confluent, fluid-density mediastinal lesion enveloping the mediastinal viscera without any mass effect. There were bilateral pleural effusions, prominent peribronchovascular interstitial thickening, interlobular septal thickening and lobular areas of ground glass density with relative sparing of apices...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857471/efficacy-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-investigation-of-elevated-cea-without-known-primary-malignancy
#6
Simon Sin-Man Wong, Wong L Yu, Ki Wang, Anil T Ahuja
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of (18)flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computer tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) in investigating patients with elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and without known primary malignancy, and the impact of PET/CT findings on patient management. SETTING AND DESIGN: PET/CT scans done in a tertiary hospital between December 2007 and February 2012 for elevated CEA in patients without known primary malignancy were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857470/the-routine-pre-employment-screening-chest-radiograph-should-it-be-routine
#7
V John Samuel, Sridhar Gibikote, Henry Kirupakaran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A routine chest radiograph is mandatory in many institutions as a part of pre-employment screening. The usefulness of this has been studied over the years keeping in mind the added time, cost, and radiation concerns. Studies conducted outside India have shown different results, some for and some against it. To our knowledge, there is no published data from India on this issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the reports of 4113 pre-employment chest radiographs done between 2007 and 2009 was conducted...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857469/holding-versus-seeing-pathology-three-dimensional-printing-of-the-bony-pelvis-for-preoperative-planning-of-a-complex-pelvis-fracture-a-case-report
#8
Parang S Sanghavi, Bhavin G Jankharia
Pelvic injuries are not uncommon. The complex anatomy of the pelvic bones, the complex pattern of injuries, associated important structures such as neurovascular bundles, and difficult access make the reduction and fixation of these fractures difficult. Often the surgical outcomes are not satisfactory. Three-dimensional (3D) imaging using computed tomography (CT) scan (3DCT) has been the mainstay of preoperative evaluation since the 1980s, however, even with these images it may be difficult to understand complex injury patterns...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857468/thumb-ultrasound-technique-and-pathologies
#9
Jatinder P Singh, Shwetam Kumar, Atman V Kathiria, Rachit Harjai, Akram Jawed, Vikas Gupta
Ultrasound is ideally suited for the assessment of complex anatomy and pathologies of the thumb. Focused and dynamic thumb ultrasound can provide a rapid real-time diagnosis and can be used for guided treatment in certain clinical situations. We present a simplified approach to scanning technique for thumb-related pathologies and illustrate a spectrum of common and uncommon pathologies encountered.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857467/isolated-eosinophilic-infiltration-of-the-breast
#10
Anushri Parakh, Jyoti Arora, Smita Srivastava, Ruchika K Goel
We report the eighth case of eosinophilic mastitis and the first one without an association with peripheral eosinophilia or systemic involvement. A 51-year-old diabetic presented with a painful right breast lump. The mammogram, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging suggested a diagnosis of periductal mastitis, however, a sinister etiology of breast carcinoma could not be ruled out. Diagnosis was made by vacuum assisted biopsy which revealed features of eosinophilic mastitis.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857466/patent-ductus-venosus-presenting-with-cholestatic-jaundice-in-an-infant-with-successful-trans-catheter-closure-using-a-vascular-plug-device
#11
Anith Chacko, Celeste Kock, Jayneel A Joshi, Lindi Mitchell, Samia Ahmad
Persistent ductus venosus as a cause of cholestatic jaundice is very rare. Treatment varies, but is usually reserved for infants in whom complications develop. We report a 5-week-old female infant with cholestatic jaundice caused by a patent ductus venosus and subsequent successful treatment via a transcatheter occlusion using a vascular plug device.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857465/unusual-imaging-presentation-of-infantile-atypical-kawasaki-disease
#12
Nishith Kumar, Mahesh Kumar Mittal, Mukul Sinha, Arpita Gupta, Brij Bhushan Thukral
Kawasaki disease is a systemic medium vessel vasculitis of unknown etiology affecting children under 5 years of age. There are no specific diagnostic tests, and thus, the diagnosis of the disease is primarily made on the basis of clinical criteria. Unusual presentations of Kawasaki disease have been variably reported from different parts of the world. However, presentation of the disease in the form of peripheral thromboembolism and florid non-coronary aneurysms has rarely been described This report describes the imaging findings in infantile atypical Kawasaki disease with aneurysms of multiple medium-sized arteries, including coronary arteries, emphasizing the detection of clinically silent aneurysms in the disease...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857464/the-abernethy-malformation-myriad-imaging-manifestations-of-a-single-entity
#13
Samarjit S Ghuman, Saumya Gupta, T B S Buxi, Kishan S Rawat, Anurag Yadav, Naimish Mehta, Seema Sud
Abernethy malformation, also known as congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (CEPS) is a rare clinical entity and manifests with different clinical symptoms. CEPS are abnormalities of vascular development where there is shunting of portal blood into the systemic venous system. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a fast and effective modality for evaluation of CEPS. CT displays all the information desired by the surgeon as well as the clinician including the anatomy of the splenic and superior mesenteric veins, size and site of the shunt, presence or absence of the portal vein radicles, and helps to plan the therapy and even the follow-up of these patients...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857463/transmural-coil-embolization-alternative-technique-for-management-of-arterial-perforation-during-subintimal-angioplasty
#14
Karthikeyan Damodharan, Amman Bolia
Subintimal angioplasty of lower limb arterial occlusion carries a relatively higher risk of vessel perforation compared to transluminal angioplasty. Vessel perforation is a potentially life threatening complication which requires prompt recognition and management. They are usually managed by endovascular techniques such as low-pressure balloon tamponade, covered stents, and coil embolization of the ruptured artery. We describe a technique of treating vessel perforation following balloon angioplasty. Patient developed a large perforation of the proximal superficial femoral artery (SFA) after balloon inflation during subintimal angioplasty of complete SFA occlusion...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857462/sclerosing-liposarcoma-of-epididymis-role-of-chemical-shift-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Subramaniyan Ramanathan, Vineetha Raghu, Devendra Kumar, Venkata R P Sempiege
Sclerosing liposarcoma of epididymis is a rare extratesticular scrotal tumor with variable prognosis. Ultrasonography is the initial imaging modality of choice for the evaluation of scrotal mass and helps to differentiate testicular and extratesticular masses, thereby narrowing down the differential diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging with its excellent soft tissue resolution can help in the further characterization of the nature of the tumor. In this case report, we highlight the role of chemical shift imaging in making a confident preoperative diagnosis of liposarcoma thereby guiding optimal and timely management...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857461/bolster-material-granuloma-masquerading-as-recurrent-renal-cell-carcinoma-following-partial-nephrectomy
#16
Abhishek Singh, Shrikant Jai, Sanika Ganpule, Arvind Ganpule
Nephron sparing surgery has seen a phenomenal rise in its application over the past few decades. The use of Surgicel and gel foam for closure of defect created after partial nephrectomy has become a routine practice at many centers. In this case report, we describe radiological artifact secondary to a surgical bolster mimicking a residual disease or an early recurrence in the kidney. This case highlights two facts; first, reapproximation of the renal tissue is best done without the use of Surgicel bolsters...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857460/ct-manifestations-of-small-bowel-ischemia-due-to-impaired-venous-drainage-with-a-correlation-of-pathologic-findings
#17
Chung Kuao Chou
Acute abdominal pain may result from a wide variety of medical and surgical diseases. One of these diseases is small bowel ischemia, which may result in a catastrophic outcome if not recognized and treated promptly. Computed tomography (CT) by its faster image acquisition, thinner collimation, high resolution, and multiplanar reformatted images has become the most important imaging modality in evaluating the acute abdominal conditions. In this article, the author presents a description of the histology of the small bowel, pathophysiology of small bowel change, and a correlation of the pathologic and CT findings of the small bowel injuries due to impaired venous drainage...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857459/primary-diffuse-leptomeningeal-oligodendrogliomatosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Amarnath Chellathurai, Jay S Vaidya, Gopinathan Kathirvelu, Periakaruppan Alagappan
Primary leptomeningeal oligodendrogliomatosis (PLO) is a rare low-grade intracranial and spinal canal subarachnoid neoplasm without an obvious primary neoplasm in the brain or spinal cord parenchyma. We present here the serial progression of radiological findings of this rare disease in a 2-year-old male child whose clinical status deteriorated over a period of 4 months with the main complaint of partial seizures. During this period, the MR findings progressed from mild hydrocephalus with minimal leptomeningeal enhancement to leptomeningeal multiple cystic lesions in the entire neuraxis including the spine...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857458/magnetic-resonance-neurographic-confirmation-of-extensive-plexiform-neurofibroma-in-neurofibromatosis-1-presenting-as-ambiguous-genitalia
#19
Ishan Kumar, Ashish Verma, Ritu Ojha, Priyanka Aggarwal, Ram C Shukla, Arvind Srivastava
Genitourinary involvement of neurofibromatosis is uncommon and genital neurofibromatosis is even rarer. Involvement of clitoris by neurofibroma can lead to clitoromegaly masquerading as a male penis. We report such a case of ambiguous genitalia in a 7-year-old female child presenting with clitoromegaly since birth, in which magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of extensive neurofibromatosis in the clitoris and lumbosacral regions. We emphasize the central role of MRI in evaluation of hormonal and non-hormonal causes of ambiguous genitalia...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857457/multiparametric-3t-mri-evaluation-of-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-a-case-report
#20
Sonam Priya, Naznin Siddique, Ruchira Das, Archana Singh
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a rare heterogeneous group of familial neurodegenerative disorders characterized by degeneration of the corticospinal tracts and posterior column of the spinal cord. Previously described radiological findings included nonspecific brain abnormalities such as brain atrophy and white matter lesions, as well as atrophy of the corpus callosum and spinal cord. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy may reveal reduced concentrations of normal brain metabolites and elevated levels of myoinositol...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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