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Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692542/adult-cervical-lung-herniation-importance-of-valsalva-manoeuvre-in-imaging
#1
Rupinder Singh, Ramanjeet Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692541/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-pneumothorax-pneumorrhachis-pneumoretroperitoneum-surgical-emphysema
#2
Bogala Shilpa, Rashmi Sudhir, M V T Krishna Mohan, Veeraiah Koppula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692540/sonographic-features-of-invasive-ductal-breast-carcinomas-predictive-of-malignancy-grade
#3
Kanika Gupta, Meenakshisundaram Kumaresan, Bhuvaneswari Venkatesan, Tushar Chandra, Aruna Patil, Maya Menon
Context: Assessment of individual sonographic features provides vital clues about the biological behavior of breast masses and can assist in determining histological grade of malignancy and thereby prognosis. Aims: Assessment of individual sonographic features of biopsy proven invasive ductal breast carcinomas as predictors of malignancy grade. Settings and Design: A retrospective analysis of sonographic findings of 103 biopsy proven invasive ductal breast carcinomas...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692539/comparing-the-diagnostic-efficacy-of-full-field-digital-mammography-with-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-using-birads-score-in-a-tertiary-cancer-care-hospital
#4
Divya Singla, Arvind K Chaturvedi, Abhinav Aggarwal, S A Rao, Dibyamohan Hazarika, Vivek Mahawar
Introduction: Breast cancer is one of the leading cancers in females worldwide, and its incidence has been rising at an exponential pace in the last 10 years even in India. Mammography has been the mainstay for detection of breast cancer over decades and has gradually advanced from screen film to full-field digital mammography. Recently, tomosynthesis has evolved as an advanced imaging investigation for early diagnosis of breast lesions in both diagnostic and screening settings. Aim of Study: To compare and evaluate the impact of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) compared to full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in the interpretation of BIRADS score in both diagnostic and screening settings...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692538/orphan-disease-cherubism-optic-atrophy-and-short-stature
#5
Balaji Jeevanandham, Rajoo Ramachandran, Vignesh Dhanapal, Ilanchezhian Subramanian, Venkata Sai
A 12-year-old female presented with complaints of progressive visual impairment in both her eyes. On clinical examination, she was short for her age and her ophthalmoscopic examination revealed bilateral optic atrophy. Computed tomography of the patient revealed multiple expansile lytic lesions of mandible suggesting cherubism. The optic atrophy was confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging, which additionally revealed bilateral retrocerebellar arachnoid cysts. This association of cherubism with optic atrophy and short stature was grouped as orphan disease by National Institutes of Health and only one case was reported in the literature so far...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692537/brown-fat-necrosis-with-calcifications-in-the-newborn-risk-factors-radiographic-findings-and-clinical-course
#6
Eleza T Golden, Paula Dickson, Stephen Simoneaux
Objective: To describe the radiographic appearance of subclinical calcified brown fat necrosis and the associated clinical and laboratory findings. Materials and Methods: Picture Archiving and Communications Sytem (PACS) was searched using keywords "soft tissue calcification" and "chest." The clinical record was searched for prior cardiac surgery, bypass, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygentation (ECMO) and prostaglandin use. Age when calcifications were first detected, location, resolution, and associated laboratory abnormalities were recorded...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692536/performance-of-quantitative-ct-parameters-in-assessment-of-disease-severity-in-copd-a-prospective-study
#7
Ishan Kumar, Ashish Verma, Avinash Jain, S K Agarwal
Background: Both emphysematous destruction of lung parenchyma and airway remodeling is thought to contribute to airflow limitation in cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objective: To evaluate the value of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) parameters of emphysema and airway disease with disease severity in patients with COPD. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied 50 patients with COPD, which included nonsmokers and patients with different degrees of cumulative smoking exposure...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692535/t-pa-power-pulse-spray-with-rheolytic-mechanical-thrombectomy-using-cross-sectional-image-guided-portal-vein-access-for-single-setting-treatment-of-subacute-superior-mesenteric-vein-thrombosis
#8
Mubin I Syed, Ryan M Gallagher, Rukan S Ahmed, Azim Shaikh, Edward Roberto, Sumeet Patel
Background: Isolated superior mesenteric vein (SMV) thrombosis is a rare but potentially fatal condition if untreated. Current treatments include transjugular or transhepatic approaches for rheolytic mechanical thrombectomy and subsequent infusions of thrombolytics. Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) power-pulse spray can provide benefit in a single setting without thrombolytic infusions. Computed tomography (CT) guidance for portal vein access is underutilized in this setting. Materials and Methods: Case 1 discusses acute SMV thrombosis treated with rheolytic mechanical thrombectomy alone using ultrasound guidance for portal vein access...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692534/ultrasound-guided-peripheral-nerve-interventions-for-common-pain-disorders
#9
B P Krishna Prasad, Binu Joy, Vijayakumar A Raghavendra, Ajith Toms, Danny George, Brijesh Ray
There are a number of common pain disorders that can be managed effectively by injections around or ablation of peripheral nerves. Ultrasound is a universally available imaging tool, is safe, cost-effective, and is excellent in imaging many peripheral nerves and guiding needles to the site of the nerves. This article aims to present an overview of indications and techniques of such procedures that can be effectively performed by a radiologist.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692533/analysis-of-the-time-course-of-changes-in-imaging-findings-of-small-arteries-embolized-with-the-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-lipiodol-mixture
#10
Hiroyuki Tokue, Azusa Tokue, Yoshito Tsushima
Background: There are no reports analyzing imaging findings of arteries embolized with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA)-Lipiodol. To evaluate the time course of changes in the imaging findings of small arteries embolized with NBCA-Lipiodol. Materials and Methods: Selective transcatheter arterial embolization procedures via the inferior phrenic artery (right IPA, n = 25; left IPA, n = 5) were performed in 30 patients (25 males, 5 females; mean age 63 years, range: 45-78) at our institution...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692532/emphysematous-osteomyelitis-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#11
Sachin Khanduri, Meenu Singh, Aakshit Goyal, Simran Singh
Emphysematous osteomyelitis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of intraosseous gas. A prompt diagnosis is required for this disease to expedite management as it is a potentially fatal condition. Many comorbidities, such as malignancy, diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, Crohn's disease, and other etiologies causing immunosuppression, predispose to this condition. The causative organisms are generally anaerobes or members of Enterobacteriaceae family; however, the infection can be mono or polymicrobial...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692531/can-mri-diffusion-weighted-imaging-identify-postoperative-residual-recurrent-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#12
Mai Maher ElDaly, Amr Farouk Ibrahim Moustafa, Suzan Mohamed Samy Abdel-Meguid, Ahmed Mohamed Shokry, Nagui Abd El Wahab
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) and quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) mapping in the detection of recurrent/residual postoperative soft tissue sarcomas. Materials and Methods: This study included 36 patients; 27 patients had postoperative recurrent/residual soft tissue sarcomas and 9 patients had postoperative and treatment-related changes (inflammation/fibrosis)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692530/primary-presentation-of-jeune-s-syndrome-as-gastric-motility-disorder-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#13
Amit Katyan, Shabnam Bhandari Grover, Heena Rajani, Deepak Bagga, Neha Antil
We report a case of a 4-week-old female neonate with Jeune's asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (JATD) and coexistent situs anomaly, primarily presenting as gastric motility disorder. The child presented with abdominal distension and nonbilious vomiting since birth with failure to thrive. However, skeletal survey revealed JATD. Upper gastrointestinal contrast study showed situs inversus with delayed gastric emptying. Pyloric biopsy and intraoperative antro-duodenal manometry confirmed association of gastric motility disorder...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692529/portal-vein-thrombosis-after-donor-liver-biopsy-case-report
#14
Shahnawaz Bashir, Kartik Mittal, Rohit Khisti, Ankusha Yadav, Amar Mukund, Viniyendra Pamecha
Percutaneous plugged liver biopsy is a safe procedure with a low complication rate. Portal vein thrombosis has not been reported after percutaneous liver biopsy in the literature. We present a case of portal vein thrombosis after percutaneous plugged liver biopsy in a voluntary liver donor, which was subsequently treated with catheter-directed percutaneous transhepatic thrombolysis. In future, healthy patients undergoing liver biopsies are expected to increase for donor evaluation. More refinements of technique and hardware in the future may further decrease the rate of complications...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692528/comparative-diagnostic-test-accuracy-of-post-esophagectomy-water-soluble-computed-tomography-and-fluoroscopic-swallow-studies-a-meta-analysis
#15
Timothy E Murray, Martina Morrin
Aims: Both fluoroscopic water-soluble contrast swallow (FWSCS) and CT water-soluble contrast swallow (CTWSCS) are widely performed as a routine in the post-esophagectomy patient to assess for anastomotic leak. Several prospective studies have compared FWSCS and CTWSCS; however, no synthesis of the data exists. Materials and Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy studies comparing FWSCS and CTWSCS in the adult patient following esophagectomy for malignancy was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692527/gangrenous-cholecystitis-analysis-of-imaging-findings-in-histopathologically-confirmed-cases
#16
Binit Sureka, Archana Rastogi, Amar Mukund, Shalini Thapar, Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Tushar Kanti Chattopadhyay
Purpose: To study the imaging findings in gangrenous acute cholecystitis. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of imaging findings in 31 histopathologically confirmed cases of gangrenous cholecystitis was done. The following imaging findings were analyzed: wall thickness, gallbladder distension, intraluminal membranes, mural striation, edema, wall enhancement, gallstones, gas, pericholecystic fluid, stranding, hemorrhage, hyperaemia in adjacent liver, mucosal/wall irregularity, complications...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692526/utility-of-ureteric-jet-a-simple-yet-useful-tool-for-the-evaluation-of-complex-urogenital-anomaly
#17
Pranav K Santhalia, Disha Mittal, Arun K Gupta, Manisha Jana
In infants and young children with suspicion of genitourinary tract anomalies, ultrasonography (USG) is usually the first imaging modality. Advantages of USG are well described. In the evaluation of complex congenital urogenital anomalies, ultrasound examination needs to be tailored according to the clinical suspicion and to yield maximum information. Primary megaureter is a congenital anomaly, which is associated with dilatation of ureter above an adynamic segment at the vesicoureteric junction (VUJ). Two different types are described in the literature: refluxing and obstructive...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692525/hernia-uteri-inguinalis-in-ovotesticular-disorder-of-sexual-differentiation-a-rare-complication-and-role-of-imaging
#18
Janardhana Ponnatapura
Neonate with ambiguous genitalia can cause great apprehension for the family as well as for healthcare providers. We report a rare complication of delayed diagnosis of hernia uteri inguinalis in ovotesticular disorder of sexual differentiation (DSD) in 20-year-old male patient who presented with pain and swelling in left inguinal region since 1 month. He had a past surgical history of repair of hypospadias 10 years back. On imaging, the left inguinal hernia sac contained nonfunctioning uterus and one ovary in the left scrotal sac and one testis in the right scrotal sac...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692524/different-etiologies-of-an-unusual-disease-colouterine-fistula-report-of-two-cases
#19
Rohit Aggarwal, Venkatraman Indiran, Prabakaran Maduraimuthu
Colouterine fistula is an extremely rare condition, as the uterus is a thick, muscular organ. Here, we present two different etiologies for this rare condition-diverticulitis and malignancy. A 77-year-old female with colouterine fistula due to diverticulitis presented with complaints of lower abdominal pain localized particularly in the left iliac fossa and fever. Another case was of 73-year-old female with colouterine fistula due to malignancy who presented with abdominal pain, blood in stools, and whitish discharge from vagina...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692523/comparison-of-mdct-mri-and-mri-with-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-evaluation-of-focal-renal-lesions-the-defender-challenger-and-winner
#20
Ankur Goyal, Raju Sharma, Ashu S Bhalla, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Amlesh Seth
Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the characterization of focal renal lesions. We also compared MDCT and MRI in the staging of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty adult patients underwent MDCT (40-row and 128-row scanners), MRI (at 1.5 T), and DWI (at b-values of 0 and 500 s/mm2 ) for characterization of 225 renal lesions...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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