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Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159427/shunt-revision-rates-in-myelomeningocele-patients-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-retrospective-study-of-52-patients
#1
Ibrahim Alatas, Gokhan Canaz, Nesrin Akkoyun Kayran, Nursu Kara, Huseyin Canaz
PURPOSE: Shunt placement indications are stringent and require confirmation of clinical and radiological evidence of hydrocephalus (HC). The aim of this study was to determine the rate of shunting and discuss the outcome in the first year of life in patients with myelomeningocele (MMC) on the basis of review of the literature. METHODS: All patients who underwent postnatal repair of MMC at our institution between March 2014 and March 2015 were evaluated. Patients were only included if they underwent both MMC repair and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion at our institution and were followed up for at least 12 months...
November 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159426/an-initial-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-imri-in-pediatric-epilepsy-surgery
#2
Matthew F Sacino, Sean S Huang, Robert F Keating, William D Gaillard, Chima O Oluigbo
PURPOSE: Previous studies have illustrated the clinical utility of the addition of intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) to conventional microsurgical resection. While iMRI requires initial capital cost investment, long-term reduction in costly follow-up management and reoperation costs may prove economically efficacious. The objective of this study is to investigate the cost-effectiveness of the addition of iMRI utilization versus conventional microsurgical techniques in focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) resection in pediatric patients with medically refractory epilepsy...
November 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151166/t2-weighted-images-are-superior-to-other-mr-image-types-for-the-determination-of-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-intratumoral-heterogeneity
#3
Stephen Harward, S Harrison Farber, Michael Malinzak, Oren Becher, Eric M Thompson
PURPOSE: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) remains the main cause of death in children with brain tumors. Given the inefficacy of numerous peripherally delivered agents to treat DIPG, convection enhanced delivery (CED) of therapeutic agents is a promising treatment modality. The purpose of this study was to determine which MR imaging type provides the best discrimination of intratumoral heterogeneity to guide future stereotactic implantation of CED catheters into the most cellular tumor regions...
November 18, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143116/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-after-cranial-surgery-in-children
#4
LETTER
Nessa S Timoney, Robert C Spears, Brandon A Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143115/hydrocephalus-associated-to-congenital-zika-syndrome-and-shunting
#5
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138935/recurrent-bacterial-meningitis-devil-is-in-the-details
#6
LETTER
Anil V Israni, Anirban Mandal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129005/chronic-overdrainage-syndrome-pathophysiological-insights-based-on-icp-analysis-a-case-based-review
#7
REVIEW
Laura V Sainz, Konstantin Hockel, Martin U Schuhmann
INTRODUCTION: Chronic overdrainage affects shunted patients producing a variety of symptoms that may be misdiagnosed. The best known symptoms are so-called shunt-related headaches. There is mounting evidence that changes in cerebrospinal venous system dynamics are a key factor to the pathophysiology of chronic overdrainage syndrome. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 29-year-old woman with a shunt since the postnatal period suffering from chronic but the most severe intermittent headache attacks, despite an open shunt and with unchanged ventricular width during attacks...
November 11, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129004/multiple-hereditary-osteochondromatosis-with-spinal-cord-compression-case-report
#8
Oscar García-González, J Nicolás Mireles-Cano, Natalia Sánchez-Zavala, Miguel A Chagolla-Santillan, Segio M Orozco-Ramirez, Pedro Silva-Cerecedo, Mario Murguia-Perez, Fernando Rueda-Franco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the report is to describe a patient with hereditary osteochondromatosis and spinal cord compression at the thoracic level. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 8-year-old patient with hereditary osteochondromatosis inherited from his father presented paraparesis in the left foot, leading to complete paralysis in both legs. INTERVENTION: In a CT scan, a bony tumor rising from the posterior wall of the T3 body narrowing the spinal canal, and the MRI spinal cord compression at the same level and the hydrosyringomyelic cavity extended to the conus medullaris; with an anterior thoracic approach to T2-T4, the fibro-cartilaginous tumor was removed, and the stabilization was completed with bone graft and a plate...
November 11, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127595/neurological-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#9
Tania Saad, Alessandra Augusta PennaeCosta, Fernanda Veiga de Góes, Marcela de Freitas, Julia Valeriano de Almeida, Lúcio José de Santa Ignêz, Ana Paula Amancio, Renata Joviano Alvim, Ludmilla Athayde Antunes Kramberger
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, it was observed a rise in the number of microcephalic newborns associated with a history of non-specific febrile sickness and rash during pregnancy in Brazil. Since then, microcephaly has emerged as a public health concern. A few months after, the causal relation between congenital microcephaly and the Zika virus was discovered. Zika virus, an arbovirus, is a new TORCH member that leads to congenital infection through vertical transmission and harms the developing brain, disrupting synaptogenesis, and causing other central nervous system lesions...
November 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124391/implementing-a-digital-real-time-hydrocephalus-and-shunt-registry-to-evaluate-contemporary-pattern-of-care-and-surgical-outcome-in-pediatric-hydrocephalus
#10
Hans Christoph Bock, Maximilian Kanzler, Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale, Hans Christoph Ludwig
OBJECTIVE: Treatment monitoring and outcome evaluation in pediatric hydrocephalus require gapless documentation regarding surgical and clinical follow-up data beginning from day 1 of treatment in order to apply high quality of care. Endoscopic procedures, shunt insertion and revision surgeries, and individual modifications of valve hardware or pressure settings during follow-up as well as established outcome measurements are highly relevant for complete illustration of the patient's hydrocephalus histories...
November 9, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124390/the-liebau-phenomenon-a-translational-approach-to-new-paradigms-of-csf-circulation-and-related-flow-disturbances
#11
Pierluigi Longatti
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to provide a comparison between Liebau's effect, underlying the working principles of impedance pumps, and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation. METHODS: Gerhard Liebau was a cardiologist with a specific interest in severe aortic regurgitation. Such interest drew his scientific attention to the flow-driven efficiency of valveless pumps. During one of his experiments, he assembled two rubber tubes of different sizes and documented how water could be aspirated against gravity when the tube of larger diameter underwent rhythmic compression...
November 9, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124389/dry-field-maneuver-for-controlling-the-massive-intraventricular-bleeding-during-neuroendoscopic-procedures
#12
Tuncer Turhan
PURPOSE: Massive hemorrhages pose a significant problem in intraventricular endoscopic surgeries. These hemorrhages have the potential to cause mortality and morbidity, particularly in excisional surgeries. Often, the bleeding can be controlled only by cauterization and liquid irrigation, due to the incongruity of the use of antihemorrhagic agents in the fluid. The final option to stop the massive bleeding is the dry-field maneuver. In this study, the effects and clinical results of the dry-field maneuver in bleeding control of a massive bleeding were investigated...
November 9, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110199/epidermoid-cyst-of-the-fourth-ventricle-in-a-child
#13
LETTER
Panagiotis Kokkalis, Christos Chamilos, Spyros Sgouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110198/surgical-management-of-craniosynostosis-in-the-setting-of-a%C3%A2-ventricular-shunt-a-case-series-and-treatment-algorithm
#14
Michael S Golinko, Danielle N Atwood, Eylem Ocal
PURPOSE: Cerebrospinal fluid diversion via ventricular shunt is a common treatment for hydrocephalus. Change in cranial morphology associated with a sutural fusion has been termed shunt-related or induced craniosynostosis (SRC) or craniocerebral disproportion (CCD). We present a series of patients with SRC who underwent cranial vault remodeling (CVR) and our treatment algorithm. METHODS: Thirteen patients were retrospectively reviewed who had SRC and CVR; 92% of patients had a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placed for largely intraventricular hemorrhage of prematurity (69% of patients) at a mean age of 2...
November 6, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110197/zika-virus-infection-in-children-epidemiology-and-clinical-manifestations
#15
Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Andrea Araujo Zin, Pedro Henrique Barros Mendes, Mitsue Senra Aibe, Elisa Barroso de Aguiar, Tallita de Oliveira Gomes da Silva
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to comprehensively review Congenital Zika Syndrome in regard to their epidemiology and clinical manifestations. METHODS: This subject review of congenital Zika syndrome was composed after conducting a thorough review of the available literature on this topic using PubMed and other primary sources. RESULTS: The first epidemic of Zika virus infection in Brazil was followed by an unexpected sharp increase in the incidence of infants born with microcephaly and the description of a new disease, the congenital Zika syndrome...
November 6, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110196/challenges-for-molecular-and-serological-zikv-infection-confirmation
#16
Zilton Farias Meira de Vasconcelos, Renata Campos Azevedo, Nathália Thompson, Leonardo Gomes, Letícia Guida, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
BACKGROUND: Zika Virus (ZIKV), member of Flaviviridae family and Flavivirus genus, has recently emerged as international public health emergency after its association with neonatal microcephaly cases. Clinical diagnosis hindrance involves symptom similarities produced by other arbovirus infections, therefore laboratory confirmation is of paramount importance. DISCUSSION: The most reliable test available is based on ZIKV RNA detection from body fluid samples. However, short viremia window periods and asymptomatic infections diminish the success rate for RT-PCR positivity...
November 6, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101614/visual-outcome-after-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-for-hydrocephalus
#17
Ji-Ho Jung, Yong-Hyun Chai, Shin Jung, In-Young Kim, Woo-Youl Jang, Kyung-Sub Moon, Seul-Kee Kim, Sangjoon Chong, Seung-Ki Kim, Tae-Young Jung
PURPOSE: Hydrocephalus-related symptoms are mostly improved after successful endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). However, visual symptoms can be different. This study was focused on visual symptoms. We analyzed the magnetic resonance images (MRI) of the orbit and visual outcomes. METHODS: From August 2006 to November 2016, 50 patients with hydrocephalus underwent ETV. The male-to-female ratio was 33:17, and the median age was 61 years (range, 5-74 years). There were 18 pediatric and 32 adult patients...
November 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101613/retained-medullary-cord-extending-to-a-sacral-subcutaneous-meningocele
#18
Nobuya Murakami, Takato Morioka, Takafumi Shimogawa, Kimiaki Hashiguchi, Nobutaka Mukae, Kazuyoshi Uchihashi, Satoshi O Suzuki, Koji Iihara
BACKGROUND: A retained medullary cord (RMC) is a rare closed spinal dysraphism with a robust elongated neural structure continuous from the conus and extending to the dural cul-de-sac. One case extending down to the base of a subcutaneous meningocele at the sacral level has been reported. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report on three cases of closed spinal dysraphism, in which a spinal cord-like tethering structure extended out from the dural cul-de-sac and terminated at a skin-covered meningocele sac in the sacrococcygeal region, which was well delineated in curvilinear coronal reconstructed images of 3D-heavily T2-weighted images (3D-hT2WI)...
November 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101612/the-congenital-zika-virus-infection-still-a-puzzle
#19
José Francisco M Salomão
BACKGROUND: As a new disease, some features of the congenital Zika virus infection are not yet fully understood. The current Brazilian outbreak brought up an unexpected increase in the number of microcephaly cases as this strain is essentially neurotropic and associated with devastating effects on the developing central nervous system. OBJECT: This focus session aims to discuss the several issues related to the epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical features, and treatment of the congenital Zika virus infection...
November 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086001/peritoneal-catheter-knot-formation-in-ventriculoperitoneal-shunting-an-intraoperative-artificial-phenomenon
#20
Yusuke S Hori, Yuki Ebisudani, Michiari Umakoshi, Mizuho Aoi, Toru Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal catheter knot formation is a rare complication associated with ventriculoperitoneal shunting. In most reports, the knot formation was also considered to be the cause of shunt malfunction. DISCUSSION: In this study, we demonstrate the possible misinterpretation of peritoneal catheter knot formation in ventriculoperitoneal shunting. We found a knot in the peritoneal catheter intraoperatively, while no knot was noted on the abdominal X-ray taken 1 day prior to the operation...
October 31, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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