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Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643041/skull-fracture-with-effacement-of-the-superior-sagittal-sinus-following-drone-impact-a-case-report
#1
Lawrance K Chung, Yuri Cheung, Carlito Lagman, Nicholas Au Yong, Duncan Q McBride, Isaac Yang
BACKGROUND: The popularity of unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, raises safety concerns as they become increasingly common for commercial, personal, and recreational use. Collisions between drones and people may result in serious injuries. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old male presented with a comminuted depressed skull fracture causing effacement of the superior sagittal sinus secondary to a racing drone impact. The patient experienced a brief loss of consciousness and reported lower extremity numbness and weakness after the accident...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643040/management-of-an-unusual-recurrent-neurenteric-cyst-in-an-infant-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Darian R Esfahani, Laura Burokas, Henry G Brown, Yoon S Hahn, Dimitrios Nikas
PURPOSE: Neurenteric cysts are rare congenital remnants formed by a failure of separation between endoderm and ectoderm in utero. METHODS: We describe a case of a 7-month-old male with a large cervical neurenteric cyst presenting with intermittent neck stiffness and irritability. RESULTS: This cyst was resected, recurred, and required repeat surgery. The patient's postoperative course included aseptic meningitis and hydrocephalus requiring ventriculoperitoneal shunt and later management of tethered cord, necessitating detethering...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643039/primary-intraventricular-meningiomas-in-children-experience-of-two-cases-with-review-of-literature
#3
Kapil D Muley, Salman T Shaikh, Chandrashekhar E Deopujari, Uday B Andar
Meningiomas are rare in the pediatric age group, more so in the intraventricular location. They arise in the lateral ventricles from the arachnoid cells contained within the choroid plexus, in the third ventricle from the velum interpositum and in the fourth ventricle from the choroids. These tumors are usually large and have an aggressive behaviour. Surgical management of intra-ventricular meningiomas is challenging because of their deep location, large size at presentation and increased vascularity. The authors report two such cases who presented with symptoms of raised intra cranial pressure and on evaluation were found to have associated hydrocephalus...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643038/prevalence-of-cerebral-cavernous-malformations-associated-with-developmental-venous-anomalies-increases-with-age
#4
Waleed Brinjikji, Ali El-Rida El-Masri, John T Wald, Kelly D Flemming, Giuseppe Lanzino
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that the prevalence of cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) associated with developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) increases with age, we studied the age-related prevalence of DVA-associated CCM among patients with DVAs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with DVAs on contrast-enhanced MRI exams performed over a 2-year period were included in this study. A single neuroradiologist reviewed all imaging exams for the presence of CCMs...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643037/pediatric-spondylolysis-spinal-stenosis-and-disc-herniation-national-trends-in-decompression-and-discectomy-surgery-evaluated-through-the-kids-inpatient-database
#5
Tridu R Huynh, Carlito Lagman, Fadi Sweiss, Faris Shweikeh, Miriam Nuño, Doniel Drazin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe national trends in spinal decompression without fusion and discectomy procedures in the US pediatric inpatient population. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) was queried for pediatric patients with primary diagnoses of spinal spondylolysis/stenosis or disc herniation and having undergone spinal decompression without fusion or discectomy over more than a decade (2000 to 2012). The primary (indirect) outcomes of interest were in-hospital complication rates, length of stay (LOS), total costs, and discharge dispositions...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643036/nasoethmoid-nasoorbital-encephalocele-presenting-with-orbital-pulsation
#6
LETTER
Wihasto Suryaningtyas, Muhammad Arifin, Abdul Hafid Bajamal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634821/cavernous-malformations-of-central-nervous-system-in-pediatric-patients-our-single-centered-experience-in-50-patients-and-review-of-literature
#7
Dattaraj Paramanand Sawarkar, Suveen Janmatti, Rajinder Kumar, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Hitesh Kumar Gurjar, Shashank Sharad Kale, Bhawani Shanker Sharma, Ashok Kumar Mahapatra
PURPOSE: Cavernous malformations (CMs) are rare developmental cerebrovascular malformations of the central nervous system with a childhood prevalence of 0.3 to 0.53%. Our purpose was to assess the clinical features and microsurgical outcome in pediatric central nervous system (CNS) CMs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled all the CM patients admitted to our institute from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2014. Data was analyzed for their clinical features and surgical outcome...
June 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634820/the-first-lady-president-of-the-ispn-prof-dr-graciela-zuccaro-and-her-journey-through-pediatric-neurosurgery
#8
EDITORIAL
Zulma Tovar-Spinoza
The International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) was founded in 1972 in Chicago, IL, USA. It has been 45 years since the creation of the ISPN, but it is not until now that the pediatric neurosurgery community has been led by a female neurosurgeon.
June 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623522/h3-k27m-mutations-are-extremely-rare-in-posterior-fossa-group-a-ependymoma
#9
Scott Ryall, Miguel Guzman, Samer K Elbabaa, Betty Luu, Stephen C Mack, Michal Zapotocky, Michael D Taylor, Cynthia Hawkins, Vijay Ramaswamy
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the tail of histone H3 (K27M) are frequently found in pediatric midline high-grade glioma's but have rarely been reported in other malignancies. Recently, recurrent somatic nucleotide variants in histone H3 (H3 K27M) have been reported in group A posterior fossa ependymoma (EPN_PFA), an entity previously described to have no recurrent mutations. However, the true incidence of H3 K27M mutations in EPN_PFA is unknown. METHODS: In order to discern the frequency of K27M mutations in histone H3 in EPN_PFA, we analyzed 151 EPN_PFA previously profiled with genome-wide methylation arrays using a validated droplet digital PCR assay...
June 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623521/exploring-for-the-optimal-structural-design-for-the-3d-printing-technology-for-cranial-reconstruction-a-biomechanical-and-histological-study-comparison-of-solid-vs-porous-structure
#10
Jun Young Lim, Namhyun Kim, Jong-Chul Park, Sun K Yoo, Dong Ah Shin, Kyu-Won Shim
PURPOSE: Cranioplasty for recovering skull defects carries the risk for a number of complications. Various materials are used, including autologous bone graft, metallic materials, and non-metallic materials, each of which has advantages and disadvantages. If the use of autologous bone is not feasible, those artificial materials also have constraints in the case of complex anatomy and/or irregular defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study used metal 3D-printing technology to overcome these existing drawbacks and analyze the clinical and mechanical performance requirements...
June 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623520/prediction-of-intracranial-hypertension-through-noninvasive-intracranial-pressure-waveform-analysis-in-pediatric-hydrocephalus
#11
Matheus Fernando Manzolli Ballestero, Gustavo Frigieri, Brenno Caetano Troca Cabella, Sergio Mascarenhas de Oliveira, Ricardo Santos de Oliveira
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate a noninvasive device to assess intracranial pressure wave form in children with hydrocephalus. METHODS: A prospective and non-experimental descriptive-analytic study was performed. Fifty-six patients were enrolled in this study. They were divided in four groups: group A, children with clinically compensated hydrocephalus; B, surgically treated hydrocephalus; C, patients with acute intracranial hypertension due to hydrocephalus; and D, children without neurological disease (control)...
June 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623519/phace-syndrome-and-cerebral-cavernous-malformations-association-or-simply-microhemorrhages
#12
LETTER
Mark D Mamlouk, Mohit Maheshwari, Patricia E Burrows, Dawn H Siegel, Ilona J Frieden, Beth A Drolet, Christopher P Hess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623518/primary-intraventricular-osteosarcoma-in-a-3-year-old-boy-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#13
Ahmad Pourrashidi Boshrabadi, Mohammadali Surakiazad, Kourosh Karimi Yarandi, Abbas Amirjamshidi
INTRODUCTION: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ExOS) is a rare and well-known entity. Three to 4% of ExOSs occur in the head and neck region but anecdotally in the central nervous system (CNS). Primary intracranial osteosarcoma (PIOS) can originate from the skull, brain parenchyma, or meninges. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-year-old boy with history of head trauma 2 weeks before admission is presented harboring an ExOS in the left temporoparietal region. He was operated with the impression of intraventricular meningioma but turned to be a PIOS without any sources in his skeleton...
June 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623517/nerve-root-anomalies-making-sense-of-a-complicated-literature
#14
REVIEW
Cameron K Schmidt, Tarush Rustagi, Fernando Alonso, Marios Loukas, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Nerve root anomalies (NRAs) are a set of well-described congenital irregularities for which several classification systems have been devised over the years. CONCLUSION: This comprehensive review examines the anatomy and characteristics of NRAs; their surgical, radiographic, and cadaveric prevalence rates; clinical and radiographic presentations; and surgical management. In addition, the top 5 NRA classification systems are presented and related.
June 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620735/meningocele-manqu%C3%A3-a-comprehensive-review-of-this-enigmatic-finding-in-occult-spinal-dysraphism
#15
REVIEW
Cameron Schmidt, Ellie Bryant, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, W Jerry Oakes, R Shane Tubbs
The term meningocele manqué (MM) was coined in 1972 to describe a broad range of surgical findings characterized by intradural bands tethering neural structures to the dorsal dura. Over the following decades, reports continued to lump intradural tethering bands associated with a variety of comorbidities under the umbrella term MM. In more recent years, disorders previously called MM have been identified as embryologically distinct and were reclassified. While this sectioning continues, there remains a set of intradural tethering disorders for which no better term than MM exists...
June 15, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597309/choroid-plexus-cauterization-on-treatment-of-hydranencephaly-and-maximal-hydrocephalus
#16
Hugo Abi-Saber R Pedrosa, Sandro P Lemos, Carolli Vieira, Leandro Custódio Amaral, José Augusto Malheiros, Marcelo Magaldi Oliveira, Renato Santiago Gomez, Alexandre Varella Giannetti
INTRODUCTION: The standard treatment for hydranencephaly and maximal hydrocephalus consists of inserting shunts, although complications frequently occur. Choroid plexus cauterization (CPC) is an alternative, but its long-term efficacy and the factors associated with the success and failure of controlling head circumference (HC) are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the long-term efficacy and factors related to the success rate of CPC in the treatment of hydranencephaly and maximal hydrocephalus...
June 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593554/hydrocephalus-and-mucopolysaccharidoses-what-do-we-know-and-what-do-we-not-know
#17
REVIEW
Amauri Dalla Corte, Carolina F M de Souza, Maurício Anés, Roberto Giugliani
INTRODUCTION: The precise incidence of hydrocephalus in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) is hard to determine, because the condition lacks a formal, consensus-based definition. The diagnosis of hydrocephalus depends on symptom profile, presence of neuroimaging features, and the outcome of diagnostic tests. Although numerous techniques are used to identify MPS patients who are most likely to have hydrocephalus and respond to treatment, no definitive method exists to prove diagnosis...
June 7, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593553/prenatal-diagnosis-of-spina-bifida-from-intracranial-translucency-to-intrauterine-surgery
#18
Waldo Sepulveda, Amy E Wong, Francisco Sepulveda, Juan L Alcalde, Juan C Devoto, Felipe Otayza
Accurate and timely prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida (SB) is a major goal of modern antenatal care. Prenatal screening for open SB should be first performed at the time of routine first-trimester ultrasound by examining the posterior fossa for obliteration or non-visualization of the fourth ventricle ("intracranial translucency") and cisterna magna. The second step of screening is the second-trimester anatomy scan, at which time the features of the Chiari type II malformation should be looked for, including ventriculomegaly, scalloping of the frontal bones ("lemon" sign), and backward and caudal displacement of the cerebellar vermis with obliteration of the cisterna magna ("banana" sign)...
June 7, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593552/a-reformed-surgical-treatment-modality-for-children-with-giant-cystic-craniopharyngioma
#19
Wanchun Zhu, Xiang Li, Jintao He, Tao Sun, Chunde Li, Jian Gong
OBJECTIVE: Surgical removal plays an important role in treating children's craniopharyngioma. For a safe and minimally invasive craniotomy, a reformed surgical modality was proposed in this paper by combining the insertion of an Ommaya reservoir system (ORS) by stereotactic puncture, aspiration of cystic fluid in 2-day interval for consecutive 7-10 days, and the delayed tumor resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients (aged from 5 to 9 years old) with giant cystic craniopharyngiomas who had undergone the reformed surgical modality during November 2014 and December 2015 were collected as group A...
June 7, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578513/the-role-of-fv-1691g-a-fii-20210g-a-mutations-and-mthfr-677c-t-1298a-c-and-103g-t-fxiii-gene-polymorphisms-in-pathogenesis-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of-gestation
#20
Dawid Szpecht, Janusz Gadzinowski, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz, Grażyna Kurzawińska, Krzysztof Drews, Marta Szymankiewicz
BACKGROUND: Congenital thrombophilia is associated with an increased intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) risk among newborns, but it may also play a protective role. The role of genetic polymorphisms involved in the coagulation pathway of IVH pathogenesis is probably a consequence of an increased risk of thrombosis in the fine blood vessels in the germinal matrix region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between Factor V (FV) 1691G>A, Factor II (FII) 20210G>A mutations and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T; 1298A>C and Factor XIII (FXIII) 103G>T gene polymorphisms and the occurrence of IVH in 100 infants born from 24 + 0 to 32 + 0 weeks of gestation, born from singleton pregnancy, before 32 + 0 weeks of gestation, exposed to antenatal steroid therapy, and without congenital abnormalities...
June 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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