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Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019113/giant-arachnoid-granulation-in-a-child-with-benign-intracranial-hypertension-an-unusual-case
#1
Hyemin Park, Gye Yeon Lim, Tae-Hoon Eom
CASE PRESENTATION: A 6-year-old girl complained of diplopia and headache over a 2-week period after sustaining a minor head injury. Her neurological examinations were normal, but visual examination identified bilateral papilledema. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a protruding nodular lesion causing compression within the anterior superior sagittal sinus in the midline, showing high signal intensity on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) and low signal intensity on T1WI, similar to that of cerebrospinal fluid...
July 17, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019112/a-case-of-symmetric-retrograde-thromboembolic-cerebral-infarction-in-an-8-year-old-child-due-to-arterial-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#2
Jolanta Strzelecka, Tymon Skadorwa, Milena Franckiewicz, Sergiusz Jóźwiak
Arterial type of thoracic outlet syndrome belongs to the most unusual mechanisms of stroke in children in the first decade of life. We present a case diagnosed for bilateral and symmetric changes due to retrograde thromboembolic phenomenon. Regarding the age of the patient, the appropriate diagnostics and management are still a matter of debate in pediatric and neurological literature.
July 17, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014308/isolation-of-right-internal-carotid-artery-persistent-proatlantal-1-artery-and-rete-mirabile-in-a-child-with-22q11-deletion-syndrome
#3
Flavio Requejo, Florencia Romina Strawich, Diana Mariela Mouratian, Timo Krings
We report a case of a 2-year-old girl with 22q11 deletion syndrome who underwent studies for cardiac murmur. Ultrasound, computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography revealed an aberrant right subclavian artery and an isolated right internal carotid artery (ICA) originating from the right pulmonary artery. A right carotid rete mirabile (CRM) and a proatlantal (Pa) type 1 artery were also found. We hypothesize that Pa type 1 persistence and CRM development are secondary to the reversal of flow of the isolated ICA...
July 16, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014307/subdural-empyema-in-children
#4
Dattatraya Muzumdar, Naresh Biyani, Chandrashekhar Deopujari
BACKGROUND: Subdural empyema denotes the collection of purulent material in the subdural spaceand is commonly seen in infants and older children. In infants, the most common cause is bacterialmeningitis. In older children, sinusitis and otitis media are usually the source for subdural empyema. Theclinical symptomatology is varied and has a wide range including prolonged or recurrent fever, seizures,meningeal irritation, and raised intracranial pressure. It can mimic as well as complicate meningitis and aheightened clinical awareness is therefore paramount...
July 16, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009327/choroid-plexus-cysts-antenatal-course-and-postnatal-outcome-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-india
#5
Enono Yhoshu, Jai Kumar Mahajan, Umesh Bahadur Singh
PURPOSE: To assess the gestational course and postnatal outcome of antenatally diagnosed choroid plexus cysts. METHODS: From January 2015 to October 2017, mothers carrying foetuses with choroid plexus cysts (CPCs) were followed up prospectively till delivery, and subsequent postnatal assessment of all the babies was done. Progress of the lesions was monitored during pregnancy with ultrasound (USG) scans and postnatally analysed with clinical assessment and USG examination of the cranium...
July 15, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006692/the-spectrum-of-tuberculosis-of-the-spine-in-pediatric-age-group-a-review
#6
Sandip Chatterjee, Aditya Banta
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric spinal tuberculosis is characterized by rapid bone destruction and carries the risk of rapid onset neurological deficits and severe deformity of the spine. Behavior of spinal deformity over time is affected by growth of spine. Owing to this dynamic behavior of pediatric spinal tuberculosis both in active phase and in healed phase, it presents with challenges which are quite different from adults with caries spine. A clinician must have high index of suspicion for accurate and early diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis in the pediatric population and should also have a thorough knowledge of differences in natural history between adult and pediatric spinal tuberculosis...
July 13, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003328/raman-spectroscopy-for-medulloblastoma
#7
Bartosz Polis, Anna Imiela, Lech Polis, Halina Abramczyk
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to use Raman spectroscopy to analyze the biochemical composition of medulloblastoma and normal tissues from the safety margin of the CNS and to find specific Raman biomarkers capable of differentiating between tumorous and normal tissues. METHODS: The tissue samples consisted of medulloblastoma (grade IV) (n = 11). The tissues from the negative margins were used as normal controls. Raman images were generated by a confocal Raman microscope-WITec alpha 300 RSA...
July 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003327/ventriculosubgaleal-shunting-a-comprehensive-review-and-over-two-decade-surgical-experience
#8
REVIEW
Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, W Jerry Oakes, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The subgaleal space is the fibroareolar layer found between the galea aponeurotica and the periosteum of the scalp. Due to its elastic and absorptive capabilities, the subgaleal space can be used as a shunt to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid from the ventricles. A subgaleal shunt consists of a shunt tube with one end in the lateral ventricles while the other end is inserted into the subgaleal space of the scalp. This will allow for the collection and absorption of excess cerebrospinal fluid...
July 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995269/an-ancient-caria-village-%C3%A3-omakda%C3%A4-k%C3%A4-z%C3%A4-la%C3%A4-a%C3%A3-in-mylasa-turkey
#9
EDITORIAL
Mehmet Turgut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995268/infections-in-the-immunocompromised-child
#10
Llewellyn C Padayachy, A Graham Fieggen
Prevention and management of opportunistic infections in children is particularly relevant in an era demonstrating an increased prevalence of immunocompromising conditions. The presence of an unusual organism which results in serious infection in a child should therefore always raise the consideration of immune compromise. The more common opportunistic infections have become easier to recognize in recent times due to improved awareness and more refined diagnostic testing. Targeted treatment is usually followed by long-term prophylactic medication...
July 11, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995267/neuroendoscopic-lavage-for-the-treatment-of-csf-infection-with-hydrocephalus-in-children
#11
C Gaderer, A Schaumann, M Schulz, U W Thomale
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of infectious CSF condition with ventriculitis and hydrocephalus in children is an interdisciplinary challenge. Conventional surgical treatment includes external ventricular drain (EVD) and systemic antibiotic therapy. However, infectious contamination of large ventricles combined with CSF protein overload often requires long treatment regimens. We retrospectively investigated neuroendoscopic lavage as a new option for clearance of CSF in children with hydrocephalus and active CSF infection...
July 11, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992487/the-history-of-intracranial-infections
#12
Andrew J Kobets, James T Goodrich
The 19th and 20th centuries heralded the advancement of our understanding of surgical infections, reducing the risk of morbidity and mortality to patients by overturning long-held dogmas surrounding infections and perioperative care. These advancements impacted the development and establishment of the field of neurological surgery by minimizing surgical risk through aseptic techniques and promoting surgical benefit via improved neurological localization and surgical technique. Infections were significant contributors to morbidity and mortality for all surgical patients, and historically almost half of patients lost their lives as a consequence of perioperative wound contamination...
July 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987377/custom-made-hydroxyapatite-for-cranial-repair-in-a-specific-pediatric-age-group-7-13-years-old-a-multicenter-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#13
Paolo Frassanito, Luca Massimi, Gianpiero Tamburrini, Federico Bianchi, Angelo Nataloni, Valentina Canella, Massimo Caldarelli
BACKGROUND: CustomBone Service (CBS) is a patient-specific, biocompatible, and osteoconductive device made of porous hydroxyapatite, indicated for cranial reconstruction in adults and children. Adult literature data report a failure rate of about 8%. The aim of this Post-Marketing Surveillance study is to verify the hypothesis that CBS in children aged 7-13 years old shows a failure rate not superior to adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria were age at implantation ranging 7-13 years old, with at least 1 year elapsed from the date of surgery...
July 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987376/paul-hoffmann-1884-1962-ad-and-jules-tinel-1879-1952-ad-and-their-legacy-to-neuroscience-the-hoffmann-tinel-sign
#14
EDITORIAL
Ali Çağlar Turgut, R Shane Tubbs, Mehmet Turgut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987375/international-infant-hydrocephalus-study-iihs-5-year-health-outcome-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-comparison-of-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-etv-and-shunt-for-infant-hydrocephalus
#15
Abhaya V Kulkarni, Spyros Sgouros, Yael Leitner, Shlomi Constantini
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important unanswered questions in pediatric hydrocephalus is determining whether treatment with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) versus shunt results in improved health status and quality of life (QOL). To answer this, the International Infant Hydrocephalus Study (IIHS) was started in 2005 as a prospective, multicenter study to compare ETV and shunt in infants (< 24 months old) with symptomatic triventricular hydrocephalus from aqueductal stenosis...
July 9, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987374/pediatric-neurocysticercosis
#16
Ricardo Santos de Oliveira, Dinark Conceição Viana, Benedicto Oscar Colli, Vedantam Rajshekhar, José Francisco Manganelli Salomão
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infestation of the nervous system caused by encysted larvae of Taenia solium. NCC is an important acquired cause of epilepsy and other neurological manifestations especially in endemic areas. NCC in children has pleomorphic manifestations depending on the location, number, viability of the cysts, and host response. Even with advancing knowledge of the disease manifestations, many aspects related to diagnosis and treatment, particularly in children, still remain controversial and pose challenges to clinical practice...
July 9, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987373/predictors-of-mortality-for-preterm-infants-with-intraventricular-hemorrhage-a-population-based-study
#17
Rowland H Han, Andrew McKinnon, Travis S CreveCoeur, Brandon S Baksh, Amit M Mathur, Christopher D Smyser, Jennifer M Strahle, Margaret A Olsen, David D Limbrick
PURPOSE: The goal of this longitudinal, population-level study was to examine factors affecting mortality in preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). METHODS: The study examined patients who were born at 36 weeks estimated gestational age (EGA) or less with a diagnosis of IVH between the years 2005 and 2014 using data from the New York and Nebraska State Inpatient Databases. Potential predictors for mortality were investigated with multivariable survival analysis...
July 9, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982881/erythropoietin-mediated-activation-of-aquaporin-4-channel-for-the-treatment-of-experimental-hydrocephalus
#18
M Rizwan Siddiqui, Furqan Attar, Vineet Mohanty, Kwang Sik Kim, C Shekhar Mayanil, Tadanori Tomita
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate a neuroprotective agent, erythropoietin (EPO), in animal hydrocephalus model and its potential reversal effects on hydrocephalus by altering the expression of aquaporin-4 (AQP4). METHODS: Obstructive hydrocephalus was induced in 2-week-old rat pups by injecting kaolin (50 μl, 10 mg/ml in saline) into the cisterna magna, while the control pups received only saline. Kaolin-injected pups were divided into two groups on the fifth day after kaolin injection; one group received intra-peritoneal (i...
July 8, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980836/intracranial-neurenteric-cyst-arising-at-the-suprasellar-cistern-with-extension-to-middle-cranial-fossa
#19
Jun-Hoe Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Ji Hoon Phi, Sung-Hye Park, Jung-Eun Cheon, Seung-Ki Kim
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial neurenteric cysts are rare and are not often found in the supratentorial space. We present a case of an intracranial neurenteric cyst that arose at the suprasellar cistern with extension to the middle cranial fossa. HISTORY: A 3-year-old girl presented with seizure. Neuroimaging showed a huge extra-axial cyst involving the suprasellar cistern and left middle cranial fossa. Under the impression of an arachnoid cyst, she underwent fenestration of the cyst with basal cisterns and ventricle...
July 6, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978253/shunt-infections-a-review-and-analysis-of-a-personal-series
#20
REVIEW
Santosh Mohan Rao Kanangi, Chidambaram Balasubramaniam
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: CSF diversion shunts are notoriously prone to complications. The most difficult to manage among them is shunt infection, which warrants a prolonged hospital stay. The aim of this paper is to review the pattern of infections, the pathology, and management of shunt infections with special reference to a tertiary pediatric center in a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a review of shunt infections in general and a retrospective study of all cases operated in the hospital from 2000 to 2015...
July 5, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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