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Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218142/physiologic-closure-time-of-the-metopic-suture-in-south-australian-infants-from-3d-ct-scans
#1
Sophie Jane Teager, Sarah Constantine, Nicolene Lottering, Peter John Anderson
Metopic synostosis is a craniofacial condition characterised by the premature fusion of the metopic suture. This early fusion restricts frontal bone growth [17] and has significant impacts on the developing infant during a critical phase of rapid growth and development [4]. Diagnosis of the condition is usually achieved by clinical assessment, followed by a three-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) scan, verifying premature metopic suture fusion. PURPOSE: This retrospective study aims to investigate the timing of metopic suture fusion in the developing infant in an Australian subpopulation...
September 14, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218141/late-onset-meningocele-in-a-case-of-meningocele-manqu%C3%A3
#2
LETTER
Rajesh Parameshwaran Nair, Lakshman I Kongwad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215121/embryonal-tumor-with-multilayered-rosettes-illustrative-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Sofiene Bouali, Alia Zehani, Maha Mahmoud, Imed Ben Said, Jalel Kallel, Hafedh Jemel
BACKGROUND: Embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes (ETMR) is a very rare entity and has seldom been reported. It has been newly defined tumor entity included in the latest update (revised fourth edition) of WHO 2016 Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System which portends a uniform dismal prognosis and survival even with the best of multimodality approaches. ILLUSTRATIVE CASE: This report documents the presentation of a 2-year-old girl with voluminous intracranial ETMR in the right parieto-occipital region...
September 14, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215120/decompressive-craniectomy-in-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Maddalena Ardissino, Alice Tang, Elisabetta Muttoni, Kevin Tsang
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric traumatic brain injury (pTBI) is one of the most frequent neurological presentations encountered in emergency departments worldwide. Every year, more than 200,000 American children suffer pTBIs, many of which lead to long-term damage. OBJECTIVES: We aim to review the existing evidence on the efficacy of the decompressive craniectomy (DC) in controlling intracranial pressure (ICP) and improving long-term outcomes in children with pTBI. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases led to the screening of 212 studies, 12 of which satisfied inclusion criteria...
September 13, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215119/peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-the-pediatric-population-a-review-of-the-literature-part-i-traumatic-nerve-injuries
#5
REVIEW
Javier Robla Costales, Mariano Socolovsky, Jaime A Sánchez Lázaro, Rubén Álvarez García
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the clinical results that can be obtained after repair of a traumatic peripheral nerve injury in the pediatric population. METHODS: A systematic review of the published literature has been made. RESULTS: Functional outcome after major nerve injuries is sometimes disappointing in adults. However, children have been reported to experience much better functional results after nerve repair than adults. Moreover, recovery generally is faster in children...
September 13, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209599/is-arachnoid-cyst-a-static-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Jeong-Wook Lim, Seung-Won Choi, Shi-Hun Song, Hyon-Jo Kwon, Hyeon-Song Koh, Jin-Young Youm
INTRODUCTION: The increasing use of intracranial imaging has led to more frequent diagnoses of arachnoid cysts (ACs). Although ACs are a frequent finding on neuroimaging in children, the prevalence and natural history of these cysts are not well defined. Most ACs may persist and remain asymptomatic throughout life and not require treatment. However, there have been some case reports of ACs that have become larger or smaller over time and, in rare cases, have even spontaneously resolved...
September 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209598/grisel-s-syndrome-caused-by-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Raffaele Falsaperla, Gianluca Piattelli, Silvia Marino, Simona Domenica Marino, Alessandra Fontana, Piero Pavone
BACKGROUND: Grisel's syndrome is a non-traumatic subluxation of the atlantoaxial joints, which is caused by an inflammatory process involving the upper neck. Torticollis, neck pain, and reduced neck mobility are the main clinical signs of presentation. Predisposing factors are trauma, hyperlaxity of the transverse and alar ligaments of the atlantoaxial joints, and surgical interventions carried out in this area. Several viral and bacterial pathogens have been reported as causative events of Grisel's syndrome, including Epstein-Barr virus, Kawasaki disease, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and other infectious agents...
September 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209597/alterations-in-cerebral-ventricle-size-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Laurie L Ackerman, Stephen F Kralik, Zachary Daniels, Anne Farrell, Marcus S Schamberger, Christopher W Mastropietro
PURPOSE: Children with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and superior cavopulmonary anastomoses (SCPA) can have chronically elevated central venous pressure (CVP), which has been postulated to put patients at risk for cerebral ventriculomegaly. We aimed to examine cerebral ventricle size in children with these congenital heart lesions before and after surgery to determine how changes in CVP affect ventricle size. METHODS: We reviewed the records of patients who underwent SCPA or TOF repair between 2006 and 2015...
September 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209596/peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-the-pediatric-population-a-review-of-the-literature-part-ii-entrapment-neuropathies
#9
REVIEW
Javier Robla Costales, Mariano Socolovsky, Jaime A Sánchez Lázaro, David Robla Costales
INTRODUCTION: Entrapment neuropathies are infrequent in children, and therefore remain unrecognized. The incidence of radial, median, and cubital mononeuropathies are all similar. Despite the rarity of such cases, extensive, albeit scattered, literature has accumulated concerning entrapment neuropathies in children. OBJECTIVE: To the literature concerning entrapment neuropathies in children. METHODS: A systematic review of the existing literature has been made...
September 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206679/peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-the-pediatric-population-a-review-of-the-literature-part-iii-peripheral-nerve-tumors-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Javier Robla Costales, Mariano Socolovsky, Jaime A Sánchez Lázaro, Rubén Álvarez García, David Robla Costales
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral nerve tumors type, inciedence and treatment in the pediatric population should be analyzed. METHODS: We have performed an extense literature review of this subject. RESULTS: incidence and distribution are similar to those observed in adults. The most common peripheral nerve tumors in children are neurofibromas and schwannomas. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are also observed, specially associated with genetic syndromes, like neurofibromatosis and Carney complex...
September 11, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203392/onyx-embolization-of-a-ruptured-anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-in-a-neonate
#11
Travis S CreveCoeur, Afshin Salehi, Brandon A Miller, Matthew J Austin, Dewitte T Cross, Matthew D Smyth
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is rare in neonates. The authors present a unique report of a neonate with SAH from anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) aneurysm rupture that was successfully treated with Onyx embolization. This case report demonstrates the utility of Onyx embolization for posterior circulation aneurysms in neonates and the successful management of SAH in this population.
September 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196393/delayed-onset-paralysis-induced-by-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-communicated-with-hematoma-in-the-paraspinal-muscle-in-a-6-month-old-girl-a-case-report
#12
Hiroshi Uei, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Masafumi Maseda, Masahiro Nakahashi, Hirokatsu Sawada, Hiroyuki Miyakata
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) very rarely develops in infants younger than 1 year old. To our knowledge, no previous case of delayed-onset paralysis induced by SSEH communicated with hematoma in the paraspinal muscle has been reported in the literature. The authors present the case of a 6-month-old girl with a tumor mass on her back who developed a paresis of her bilateral lower limbs. On spinal magnetic resonance imaging, the epidural mass appeared to be a dumbbell type and communicated with the mass in the paraspinal muscle through T12/L1 intervertebral foramen at the right side...
September 8, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196392/the-wilbrand-s-knee-does-not-exist-in-the-optic-chiasm
#13
LETTER
Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr Kanclerz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187184/a-case-of-transient-thalamic-dysphasia-considering-the-role-of-the-thalamus-in-language
#14
LETTER
Lindsey Bulleid, Tom Hughes, Paul Leach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187183/fracture-related-ulnar-and-sciatic-nerve-transections-a-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#15
Russell A Payne, Emily P Sieg, Nathan Patrick, Michael Darowish, Elias Rizk, Sara Langan, Kimberly Harbaugh
INTRODUCTION: Case reports, case series, and case control studies have looked at the incidence of complete nerve transection in the setting of fracture and the need for surgical exploration dating back to the 1920s. We present two cases of nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture with a thorough review of the literature. METHODS: We used the following search terms: "ulnar nerve" OR "sciatic nerve" AND "laceration" OR "transection" AND "fracture...
September 5, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187182/treatment-of-pediatric-multilevel-cervical-spine-fractures-in-resource-limited-settings-a-case-report
#16
Jean Marie Vianney Hope, Jean Claude Sane, Souleymane Diao, Mouhamadou Habib Sy, Francis Mugabo, Jean Paul Bitega
AIM OF THE STUDY: The main purpose of this study was to highlight the therapeutic approach of pediatric multilevel noncontiguous cervical spine fractures in resource-limited settings. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 15-year-old teenager with C1, C2, C4, C6, and C7 fractures following fall from height treated with a modified external fixator. At final follow-up, he fully recovered neurologic functions with bone healing. CONCLUSION: The modified external fixator is a therapeutic modality for pediatric multilevel noncontiguous cervical spine fractures...
September 5, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187181/endoscopic-treatment-of-intraventricular-ependymal-cysts-in-children-personal-experience-and-review-of-literature
#17
Nasser M F El-Ghandour
OBJECT: Intracranial ependymal cysts are rare neuroepithelial cysts that occur less frequently than arachnoid cysts. The cysts are most often intraparenchymal, but they are rarely reported to be intraventricular. This study evaluates the role of endoscopy in the treatment of intraventricular ependymal cysts (IVECs). METHODS: Twelve pediatric patients (mean age 4.3 years) with symptomatic IVECs were the subject of this study. The cyst was located inside the lateral ventricle in all cases (100%), it was present in trigone (10 patients, 83...
September 5, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182181/a-rare-clinical-presentation-a-pleomorphic-xanthoastrocytoma-presenting-with-intracerebral-haemorrhage-and-metastasizing-vigorously-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Gülden Demirci Otluoğlu, M Memet Özek
Metastasis of an intracranial tumour is not a common situation in our daily neurosurgical practice. Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is also a rare glial tumour with relatively a favourable prognosis among other CNS pathologies. Here, we present an anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma case which shows both haematogenous and lymphatic metastasis which is described first time in the up-to-date literature. Our case is a 17-year-old male operated for a right occipital intra-axial lesion with a diagnosis of anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma which recurs 5 years later and metastasize vigorously through haematogenous and lymphatic routes...
September 4, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178176/primitive-myxoid-mesenchymal-tumor-of-infancy-with-brain-metastasis-first-reported-case
#19
Amna Afzal Saeed, Quratulain Riaz, Nasir Ud Din, Sadaf Altaf
INTRODUCTION: Primitive myxoid mesenchymal tumor of infancy (PMMTI) is a recently diagnosed entity, with only a handful of cases reported to date. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein, we present the occurrence of this tumor in a 2-year-old boy, initially diagnosed as primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the extremity and treated with chemotherapy and surgical resection. He later presented with a cerebellar lesion, and biopsy was consistent with PMMTI. CONCLUSION: While there have been previous cases of PMMTI reported with loco-regional metastatic spread, to our knowledge, there is no known incidence of distant metastasis with involvement of the central nervous system, which makes this case the first of its kind...
September 3, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30171330/serial-measurement-of-s100b-and-nse-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Dae-Won Park, Seong-Hyun Park, Sung-Kyoo Hwang
PURPOSE: Increased serum biomakers, such as S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE), are associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this study is to investigate the serum levels of S100B and NSE in pediatric TBI patients and to predict a clinical outcome. METHODS: Peripheral venous blood was collected within 6 h of injury and at 1 week to measure S100B and NSE. The serum S100B and NSE levels were measured using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits...
August 31, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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