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Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343240/childhood-angular-kyphosis-a-plea-for-involvement-of-the-pediatric-neurosurgeon
#1
E Cornips, S Koudijs, J Vles, L van Rhijn
INTRODUCTION: Childhood angular kyphosis is rare, as most children are affected by a mixed kyphotic and scoliotic deformity. Published series involving a mix of kyphosis and kyphoscoliosis, pediatric and adult, congenital and acquired cases are almost exclusively authored by orthopedic surgeons, suggesting that (pediatric) neurosurgeons are not involved. CASE SERIES: We present five cases that illustrate the spectrum of angular kyphosis, and these were treated by a multidisciplinary team including child neurologist, orthopedic surgeon, and pediatric neurosurgeon as complementary partners...
March 25, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342118/somatosensory-evoked-potentials-as-a-screening-tool-for-diagnosis-of-spinal-pathologies-in-children-with-treatment-refractory-overactive-bladder
#2
David Terence Thomas, Sevim Yener, Aybegum Kalyoncu, Kayihan Uluc, Yasar Bayri, Adnan Dagcinar, Tolga Dagli, Halil Tugtepe
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of somatosensory evoked potential as a screening tool for spinal pathologies in patients with treatment refractory overactive bladder. METHODS: This prospective study was performed between January 2011 and January 2014. Children >5 years old with treatment refractory overactive bladder were enrolled after exclusion of anatomical and neurological causes of incontinence. All patients underwent urodynamic studies, spinal MRI, and somatosensory evoked potential (SEP)...
March 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342117/otto-mennicke-1876-and-the-first-description-of-skull-base-anomalies-causing-cerebellar-tonsillar-ectopia-one-of-the-first-mentions-of-the-chiari-i-malformation
#3
Fabian N Fries, Philipp Hendrix, Titus J Brinker, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Although Hans Chiari made significant and meaningful contributions to our understanding and classification of hindbrain herniations, others have also contributed to this knowledge. One figure who has been lost to history is Otto Mennicke. Herein, we discuss his role in our understanding of tonsillar ectopia and his life and connection to Hans Chiari. CONCLUSIONS: Our knowledge of what is now known as the Chiari malformations has been shaped by several clinicians including Otto Mennicke...
March 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342116/constantin-von-monakow-1853-1930-and-his-legacy-to-science
#4
EDITORIAL
Levent Sarikcioglu
Constantin von Monakow was a Russian-born Swiss neurologist. Monakow was an outstanding scientist of his time. He will be remembered by his important contributions to our knowledge on the organization, location, and direction of tracts of the nervous system.
March 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342115/ssh-versus-tse-sequence-protocol-in-rapid-mr-examination-of-pediatric-patients-with-programmable-drainage-system
#5
Eva Brichtová, J Šenkyřík
PURPOSE: A low radiation burden is essential during diagnostic procedures in pediatric patients due to their high tissue sensitivity. Using MR examination instead of the routinely used CT reduces the radiation exposure and the risk of adverse stochastic effects. Our retrospective study evaluated the possibility of using ultrafast single-shot (SSh) sequences and turbo spin echo (TSE) sequences in rapid MR brain imaging in pediatric patients with hydrocephalus and a programmable ventriculoperitoneal drainage system...
March 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332155/cerebellopontine-angle-tumors-in-young-children-displaying-cranial-nerve-deficits-and-restricted-diffusion-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging-a-new-clinical-triad-for-atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumors
#6
Joel S Katz, Pier Paolo Peruzzi, Christopher R Pierson, Jonathan L Finlay, Jeffrey R Leonard
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) of the central nervous system (CNS) are rare, highly malignant neoplasms that carry a poor prognosis. Even with prompt diagnosis, gross total resection and early initiation of intensive adjuvant therapy, the majority of patients will succumb within 9-12 months of diagnosis. The CPA location in children harbors lesions along a wide spectrum varying from benign to highly malignant. Imaging features of lesions within the CPA that aid the diagnostic process will help to initiate early treatment in higher-grade lesions...
March 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332154/altered-cerebrospinal-fluid-dynamics-in-neurofibromatosis-type-l-severe-arachnoid-thickening-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-may-cause-abnormal-csf-dynamic
#7
Young Sill Kang, Eun-Kyung Park, Yong-Oock Kim, Ju-Seong Kim, Dong-Seok Kim, U W Thomale, Kyu-Won Shim
INTRODUCTION: The object of this study is to understand abnormal dynamic of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), which may cause temporal lobe herniation and bulging of temporal fossa. METHODS: Four patients, three females and one male, with NF1 were studied retrospectively. They presented with a similar craniofacial deformity, which consisted of pulsatile exophthalmos, an enlarged bony orbit, dysplasia of the sphenoid wing with the presence of a herniation of the temporal lobe into the orbit, and a bulging temporal fossa...
March 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332153/valve-exchange-towards-an-adjustable-differential-pressure-valve-with-gravitational-unit-clinical-outcome-of-a-single-center-study
#8
S Alavi, M Schulz, A Schaumann, K Schwarz, Ulrich W Thomale
OBJECTIVE: Overdrainage in children is a long-term problem for shunted patients which might lead to chronic anatomical changes. In order to prevent these problems, valve exchange is performed on a regular basis in patients without hydrostatic units towards a valve with both an adjustable and a gravitational unit. The clinical outcome of these patients is reported in a retrospective study. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, the in-house database was analyzed for patients who received a valve exchange towards an adjustable differential pressure valve with gravitational unit...
March 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324188/autobiographical-memory-loss-following-a-right-prefrontal-lobe-tumour-resection-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
A A B Jamjoom, P Gallo, J Kandasamy, J Phillips, D Sokol
INTRODUCTION: The right prefrontal lobe has not traditionally been considered eloquent brain. Resection of tumours within this region does not typically lead to permanent functional impairment. In this report, we highlight the case of a patient who developed autobiographical memory loss following an uncomplicated resection of a right prefrontal tumour. CASE MATERIAL: A previously fit and well 15-year old presented with a persistent right-sided headache. An MRI demonstrated an expanded right mid-frontal gyrus with changes consistent with a low-grade tumour...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324187/frontal-burr-hole-approach-for-neuroendoscopic-resection-of-craniopharyngioma-with-the-nico-myriad-device-report-of-two-cases
#10
Reilin J Moore, Andrea Scherer, Daniel H Fulkerson
OBJECTIVE: Craniopharyngiomas are challenging tumors to resect due to their deep location and proximity to vital structures. The perceived benefit of gross total resection may be tempered by the possibility of permanent disability. Minimally invasive techniques may reduce surgical morbidity while still allowing effective resection. The authors describe their initial experience with a neuroendoscopic transcortical, transventricular approach to two craniopharyngiomas. The surgeries were performed through a right frontal burr hole using the NICO Myriad, a side-cutting, aspiration device that fits through the working channel of a standard neuroendoscope...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324186/association-of-evening-smartphone-use-with-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-activity-after-awakening-in-adolescents-living-in-high-school-dormitories
#11
Yoko Nose, Rina Fujinaga, Maki Suzuki, Ikuyo Hayashi, Toshio Moritani, Kazuhiko Kotani, Narumi Nagai
PURPOSE: Smartphones are prevalently used among adolescents; however, nighttime exposure to blue-enriched light, through electric devices, is known to induce delays of the circadian rhythm phases and poor morning somatic conditions. We therefore investigated whether evening smartphone use may affect sleep-wake cycle and cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity after awaking in dormitory students. METHODS: The participants were high school students, living under dormitory rules regarding the curfew, study, meals, lights-out, and wake-up times...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324185/diameters-and-bone-thickness-at-the-margin-of-the-foramen-magnum-in-dry-skulls-from-pediatric-population-a-cross-sectional-anatomical-study
#12
Marina Raguz, Pero Hrabac, Dora Sedmak, Miroslav Gjurasin, Natasa Kovacic
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to estimate the size and bone thickness at the margin of the foramen magnum in a pediatric population. METHODS: Sixty occipital bone specimens from the collection of macerated skulls at the Department of Anatomy, University of Zagreb, were examined and measured using a vernier scale/caliper. For the purpose of analysis, specimens were divided into two age groups: 1-6 years and 7-18 years of age (before and after the fusion of ossification centers in the occipital bone)...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324184/early-outcomes-of-spinal-growth-tethering-for-idiopathic-scoliosis-with-a-novel-device-a-prospective-study-with-2-years-of-follow-up
#13
M Boudissa, A Eid, E Bourgeois, J Griffet, A Courvoisier
QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a 3D spine deformity that worsens during the whole growth. New methods for spinal growth modulation with flexible spinal implants have been described to avoid progression of the deformity during growth spurt. The main limitations are that no specific ancillaries and devices are available, which makes the surgery technically demanding. METHODS: We have developed a new method of spinal growth tethering using minimal invasive videothoracoscopic approach...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324183/multimodality-management-and-outcomes-of-brain-arterio-venous-malformations-avms-in-children-personal-experience-and-review-of-the-literature-with-specific-emphasis-on-age-at-first-avm-bleed
#14
REVIEW
Anan Shtaya, John Millar, Owen Sparrow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to study the presentation and analyse the results of multimodality treatment of brain arterio-venous malformations (AVMs) in children at our centre and review age at first AVM rupture in the literature. METHODS: Of 52 patients aged <18 years, 47 with brain AVMs (27 males and 20 females) aged 4-17 years (mean 12.2) were retrospectively reviewed. PubMed search revealed five additional studies including 267 patients where the prevalence of age-related AVMs rupture was analysed...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324182/midline-occipital-suture-a-rare-finding
#15
LETTER
Dimitrios Varthalitis, Chris Parks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321533/perioperative-antibiotic-use-in-vagus-nerve-stimulator-implantation-a-clinical-series
#16
Jeffrey S Raskin, Daniel Hansen, Arvind Mohan, I-Wen Pan, Daniel J Curry, Sandi Lam
PURPOSE: Preoperative antibiosis contributes up to one third of total antibiotic use in major hospitals. Choice of antibiotic is not uniformly standardized, and polypharmacy regimens may be used without knowing the effect on rates of surgical site infection, nonsurgical infections, or antibiotic resistance. Careful examination of trends in surgical prophylaxis is warranted. In this study, we aimed to examine our institution's experience with vagus nerve stimulator (VNS) implantation, focusing on association between perioperative antibiotic practices and postoperative infectious outcomes...
March 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299436/moyamoya-disease-is-a-vascular-form-of-neurocristopathy-disease-of-the-embryologic-cephalic-neural-crest
#17
LETTER
Masaki Komiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293737/resolution-of-massive-arachnoid-cyst
#18
LETTER
Dimitrios Varthalitis, Chris Parks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293736/5ala-in-pediatric-brain-tumors-is-not-routinely-beneficial
#19
Jonathan Roth, Shlomi Constantini
PURPOSE: Over recent years, 5-aminoluvolinic acid (5ALA) has been increasingly used for resection guidance in adult high-grade gliomas. However, amongst pediatric patients, publication of intraoperative fluorescence has been limited, with inconsistent outcomes. We describe our experience and intraoperative finding amongst children with various brain tumors that were given 5ALA prior to tumor resection. METHODS: Since October 2014, data regarding intraoperative findings amongst children that received 5ALA prior to tumor resection were prospectively collected...
March 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289839/pneumosinus-dilatans-of-the-spheno-ethmoidal-complex-associated-with-hypovitaminosis-d-causing-bilateral-optic-canal-stenosis
#20
Saritha Aryan, Sumit Thakar, Aniruddha T Jagannatha, Chandrakiran Channegowda, Arun S Rao, Alangar S Hegde
INTRODUCTION: Pneumosinus dilatans (PSD) is a rare disorder of undetermined etiology characterized by expansion of the paranasal sinuses without bony erosion. Of the few cases of PSD described in indexed pediatric literature, there has been no reported case of this disorder presenting with optic canal stenosis in the setting of a vitamin deficiency. CASE MATERIAL: A 12-year-old girl presented with a 3-month history of progressive, painless, and asymmetric visual deterioration in her eyes...
March 13, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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