journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alcohol

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027852/analyses-of-differentially-expressed-genes-after-exposure-to-acute-stress-acute-ethanol-or-a-combination-of-both-in-mice
#1
Jessica A Baker, Jingxin Li, Diana Zhou, Ming Yang, Melloni N Cook, Byron C Jones, Megan K Mulligan, Kristin M Hamre, Lu Lu
Alcohol abuse is a complex disorder, which is confounded by other factors, including stress. In the present study, we examined gene expression in the hippocampus of BXD recombinant inbred mice after exposure to ethanol (NOE), stress (RSS), and the combination of both (RSE). Mice were given an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 1.8 g/kg ethanol or saline, and subsets of both groups were exposed to acute restraint stress for 15 min or controls. Gene expression in the hippocampus was examined using microarray analysis...
December 16, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989609/limbic-circuitry-activation-in-ethanol-withdrawal-is-regulated-by-a-chromosome-1-locus
#2
Kari J Buck, Gang Chen, Laura B Kozell
Physiological dependence and associated withdrawal episodes are thought to constitute a motivational force sustaining alcohol use/abuse and contributing to relapse in alcoholics. Although no animal model exactly duplicates alcoholism, models for specific factors, including the withdrawal syndrome, are useful for identifying potential genetic and neural determinants of liability in humans. We previously identified highly significant quantitative trait loci (QTLs) with large effects on predisposition to withdrawal after chronic and acute alcohol exposure in mice and mapped these loci to the same region of chromosome 1 (Alcdp1 and Alcw1, respectively)...
December 8, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912921/preface-to-a-special-issue-on-genetic-models-of-alcoholism-and-alcohol-stress-interactions
#3
EDITORIAL
Robert W Williams, Andrew Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908524/genetic-correlation-between-alcohol-preference-and-conditioned-fear-exploring-a-functional-relationship
#4
Julia A Chester, Marcus M Weera
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol-use disorders have a high rate of co-occurrence, possibly because they are regulated by common genes. In support of this idea, mice selectively bred for high (HAP) alcohol preference show greater fear potentiated startle (FPS), a model for fear-related disorders such as PTSD, compared to mice selectively bred for low (LAP) alcohol preference. This positive genetic correlation between alcohol preference and FPS behavior suggests that the two traits may be functionally related...
November 23, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884493/initial-genetic-dissection-of-serum-neuroactive-steroids-following-chronic-intermittent-ethanol-across-bxd-mouse-strains
#5
Patrizia Porcu, Todd K O'Buckley, Marcelo F Lopez, Howard C Becker, Michael F Miles, Robert W Williams, A Leslie Morrow
Neuroactive steroids modulate alcohol's impact on brain function and behavior. Ethanol exposure alters neuroactive steroid levels in rats, humans, and some mouse strains. We conducted an exploratory analysis of the neuroactive steroids (3α,5α)-3-hydroxypregnan-20-one (3α,5α-THP), (3α,5α)-3,21-dihydroxypregnan-20-one (3α,5α-THDOC), and pregnenolone across 126-158 individuals and 19 fully inbred strains belonging to the BXD family, which were subjected to air exposure, or chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) exposure...
November 10, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866807/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-nucleus-accumbens-identifies-dna-methylation-signals-differentiating-low-binge-from-heavy-alcohol-drinking
#6
Rita Cervera-Juanes, Larry J Wilhelm, Byung Park, Kathleen A Grant, Betsy Ferguson
Alcohol use disorders encompass a range of drinking levels and behaviors, including low, binge and heavy drinking. In this regard, investigating the neural state of individuals who chronically self-administer lower doses of alcohol may provide insight into mechanisms that prevent the escalation of alcohol use. DNA methylation is one of the epigenetic mechanisms that stabilizes adaptations in gene expression and has been associated with alcohol use. Thus, we investigated DNA methylation, gene expression and the predicted neural effects in the nucleus accumbens core (NAcc) of male rhesus macaques categorized as "low" or "binge" drinkers, compared to "alcohol-naïve" and "heavy" drinkers based on drinking patterns during a 12 month alcohol self-administration protocol...
November 10, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865607/dna-modifications-in-models-of-alcohol-use-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Christopher T Tulisiak, R Adron Harris, Igor Ponomarev
Chronic alcohol use and abuse result in widespread changes to gene expression, some of which contribute to the development of alcohol use disorders (AUD). Gene expression is, in part, controlled by a group of regulatory systems often referred to as epigenetic factors, which includes, among other mechanisms, chemical marks made on the histone proteins around which genomic DNA is wound to form chromatin, and on nucleotides of the DNA itself. In particular, alcohol has been shown to perturb the epigenetic machinery, leading to changes in gene expression and cellular functions characteristic of AUD and, ultimately, to altered behavior...
November 9, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876231/paternal-preconception-alcohol-exposure-imparts-intergenerational-alcohol-related-behaviors-to-male-offspring-on-a-pure-c57bl-6j-background
#8
Gregory R Rompala, Andrey Finegersh, Michelle Slater, Gregg E Homanics
While alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a highly heritable condition, the basis of AUD in families with a history of alcoholism is difficult to explain by genetic variation alone. Emerging evidence suggests that parental experience prior to conception can impact inheritance of complex behaviors in offspring via non-genomic (epigenetic) mechanisms. For instance, male C57BL/6J (B6) mice exposed to chronic intermittent vapor ethanol (CIE) prior to mating with Strain 129S1/SvImJ ethanol-naïve females produce male offspring with reduced ethanol drinking preference, increased ethanol sensitivity, and increased BDNF expression in the ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
November 5, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838001/the-allostatic-impact-of-chronic-ethanol-on-gene-expression-a-genetic-analysis-of-chronic-intermittent-ethanol-treatment-in-the-bxd-cohort
#9
Andrew D van der Vaart, Jennifer T Wolstenholme, Maren L Smith, Guy M Harris, Marcelo F Lopez, Aaron R Wolen, Howard C Becker, Robert W Williams, Michael F Miles
The transition from acute to chronic ethanol exposure leads to lasting behavioral and physiological changes such as increased consumption, dependence, and withdrawal. Changes in brain gene expression are hypothesized to underlie these adaptive responses to ethanol. Previous studies on acute ethanol identified genetic variation in brain gene expression networks and behavioral responses to ethanol across the BXD panel of recombinant inbred mice. In this work, we have performed the first joint genetic and genomic analysis of transcriptome shifts in response to chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) by vapor chamber exposure in a BXD cohort...
November 1, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817987/adolescent-binge-pattern-alcohol-exposure-alters-genome-wide-dna-methylation-patterns-in-the-hypothalamus-of-alcohol-na%C3%A3-ve-male-offspring
#10
AnnaDorothea Asimes, Audrey Torcaso, Elena Pinceti, Chun K Kim, Nancy J Zeleznik-Le, Toni R Pak
Teenage binge drinking is a major health concern in the United States, with 21% of teenagers reporting binge-pattern drinking behavior in the last 30 days. Recently, our lab showed that alcohol-naïve offspring of rats exposed to alcohol during adolescence exhibited altered gene expression profiles in the hypothalamus, a brain region involved in stress regulation. We employed Enhanced Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing as an unbiased approach to test the hypothesis that parental exposure to binge-pattern alcohol during adolescence alters DNA methylation profiles in their alcohol-naïve offspring...
October 24, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916144/non-communicable-diseases-at-a-regional-hospital-in-nepal-findings-of-a-high-burden-of-alcohol-related-disease
#11
M S Amundsen, T M G Kirkeby, S Giri, R Koju, S S Krishna, B Ystgaard, E Solligård, K Risnes
Recent global burden of disease reports find that a major proportion of global deaths and disability worldwide can be attributed to alcohol use. Thus, it may be surprising that very few studies have reported on the burden of alcohol-related disease in low income settings. The evidence of non-communicable disease (NCD) burden in Nepal was recently reviewed and concluded that data is still lacking, particularly to describe the burden of alcohol-related diseases (ARDs). Therefore, here we report on NCD burden and specifically ARDs, in hospitalized patients at a regional hospital in Nepal...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916143/hyponatremia-effect-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-on-their-physical-and-mental-health-status
#12
Ordak Michal, Maj-Zurawska Magdalena, Matsumoto Halina, Bujalska-Zadrozny Magdalena, Nasierowski Tadeusz, Muszynska Elzbieta, Wojnar Marcin
Hyponatremia, i.e. reduction of sodium level in the blood plasma below 135 mmol/L, is one of the most common electrolyte disorders occurring in people addicted to alcohol. Numerous psychopathological symptoms may be significantly associated with its occurrence. Since sodium is one of the main bioelements, which is responsible for proper neuromuscular excitability maintenance and contributes in nerve impulses conduction, sodium balance disorders may be related to a risk to basic life functions. The tested group included 100 alcohol dependent patients (M = 90, F = 10)...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916142/alcohol-sensitivity-alcohol-use-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-older-chinese-men-the-guangzhou-biobank-cohort-study
#13
Shao Jun Xu, Chao Qiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Kar Keung Cheng, Catherine Mary Schooling, Lin Xu, Bin Liu, Ya Li Jin, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Tai Hing Lam
Compared to other ethnic groups Asians are more likely to be sensitive to alcohol, due to polymorphisms of alcohol-metabolizing enzymes. Although previous studies have found positive association between regular alcohol use and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HsCRP), whether this association is modified by alcohol sensitivity has not been clarified. We therefore sought to examined this potential effect modification in a cross-sectional community sample with high prevalence of alcohol sensitivity, using data from 2903 men aged ≥50years recruited during phase 1 of the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916141/dna-damage-in-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-and-association-with-polymorphisms-in-the-promoter-region-of-the-cyp2e1-gene-in-alcoholics-from-central-brazil
#14
Jheneffer Sonara Aguiar Ramos, Alessandro Arruda Alves, Mariana Paiva Lopes, Thays Millena Alves Pedroso, Leandro Prado Felício, Wanessa Fernandes Carvalho, Fernanda Craveiro Franco, Caroline Oliveira Araújo Melo, Macks Wendhell Gonçalves, Thannya Nascimento Soares, Aparecido Divino da Cruz, Daniela de Melo E Silva
DNA damage caused by the accumulation of bio-products generated in the biotransformation of ethanol to acetaldehyde mediated by the CYP2E1 enzyme has been studied. To evaluate DNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes and the possible association with polymorphisms in the promoter region of the CYP2E1 gene, we performed a case-control study including 75 alcoholics and 59 individuals who consume alcohol socially. Alcoholics were previously diagnosed by the Psychosocial Care Center - Alcohol and Drugs (CAPS A/D) in the city of Goiania, Goias state, Central Brazil...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916140/moderate-alcohol-consumption-after-a-mental-stressor-attenuates-the-endocrine-stress-response
#15
I C Schrieks, M M Joosten, W A A Klöpping-Ketelaars, R F Witkamp, H F J Hendriks
Alcohol is often consumed to reduce tension and improve mood when exposed to stressful situations. Previous studies showed that moderate alcohol consumption may reduce stress when alcohol is consumed prior to a stressor, but data on the effect of alcohol consumption after a mental stressor is limited. Therefore, our objective was to study whether moderate alcohol consumption immediately after a mental stressor attenuates the stress response. Twenty-four healthy men (age 21-40 y, BMI 18-27 kg/m(2)) participated in a placebo-controlled trial...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916139/effects-of-an-ethanol-paired-cs-on-responding-for-ethanol-and-food-comparisons-with-a-stimulus-in-a-truly-random-control-group-and-to-a-food-paired-cs-on-responding-for-food
#16
R J Lamb, Brett C Ginsburg, Charles W Schindler
Motivational increases due to exposure to alcohol-paired Conditioned Stimuli (CS) are central to some accounts of alcoholism. However, few studies isolate a stimulus's function as a CS from its other potential functions. Pavlovian-Instrumental-Transfer (PIT) procedures isolate a stimulus's function as a CS from its other functions. Though there are several relevant studies using PIT, knowledge gaps exist. Particularly, it is not clear that an alcohol-paired CS will increase alcohol seeking compared to the same stimulus in a Truly-Random-Control group, nor whether such increases are specific to alcohol seeking...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916138/alcohol-exposure-differentially-effects-anti-tumor-immunity-in-females-by-altering-dendritic-cell-function
#17
Matthew G Thompson, Flor Navarro, Lennox Chitsike, Luis Ramirez, Elizabeth J Kovacs, Stephanie K Watkins
Dendritic cells (DCs) are a critical component of anti-tumor immunity due to their ability to induce a robust immune response to antigen (Ag). Alcohol was previously shown to reduce DC ability to present foreign Ag and promote pro-inflammatory responses in situations of infection and trauma. However the impact of alcohol exposure on generation of an anti-tumor response, especially in the context of generation of an immune vaccine has not been examined. In the clinic, DC vaccines are typically generated from autologous blood, therefore prior exposure to substances such as alcohol may be a critical factor to consider regarding the effectiveness in generating an immune response...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793544/modulation-of-ethanol-reward-sensitivity-by-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-containing-the-%C3%AE-6-subunit
#18
Melissa J Guildford, Anthony V Sacino, Andrew R Tapper
The prevalent co-abuse of nicotine and alcohol suggests a common neural mechanism underlying the actions of the two drugs. Nicotine, the addictive component of tobacco, activates nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) containing the α6 subunit (α6* nAChRs) in dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a region known to be crucial for drug reward. Recent evidence suggests that ethanol may potentiate ACh activation of these receptors as well, although whether α6* nAChR expression is necessary for behavioral effects of acute ethanol exposure is unknown...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814794/benchmark-dose-of-alcohol-consumption-for-development-of-hyperuricemia-in-japanese-male-workers-an-8-year-cohort-study
#19
Takashi Makinouchi, Kouichi Sakata, Mitsuhiro Oishi, Kumihiko Tanaka, Kazuhiro Nogawa, Miyuki Watanabe, Yasushi Suwazono
BACKGROUND: To estimate the benchmark dose (BMD) and their 95% lower confidence limits (BMDL) of alcohol consumption as the reference level for the development of hyperuricemia based on the dose-response relationship. METHODS: An 8-year prospective cohort study was conducted in 8097 male workers at a Japanese steel company who received annual health check-ups between 2002 and 2009. The endpoints for development of hyperuricemia were defined as a uric acid ≥7 mg/dL or taking any anti-hyperuricemic medication...
November 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814793/the-effect-of-alcohol-consumption-on-household-income-in-ireland
#20
Gillian Ormond, Rosemary Murphy
This paper presents a study of the effects of alcohol consumption on household income in Ireland using the Slán National Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 dataset, accounting for endogeneity and selection bias. Drinkers are categorised into one of four categories based on the recommended weekly drinking levels by the Irish Health Promotion Unit; those who never drank, non-drinkers, moderate and heavy drinkers. A multinomial logit OLS Two Step Estimate is used to explain individual's choice of drinking status and to correct for selection bias which would result in the selection into a particular category of drinking being endogenous...
November 2016: Alcohol
journal
journal
28974
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"