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Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173882/pulmonary-disorders-that-are-potentially-associated-with-anti-neutrophilic-cytoplasmic-antibodies-a-brief-review
#1
REVIEW
Mark R Wick
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis frequently manifests with involvement of the lungs and kidneys, and it also may affect other anatomic sites. This article presents the patterns of pulmonary injury in which ANCA-associated vasculitis is included in the differential diagnosis, with a discussion of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody testing methods. The histologic features of non-vasculitic, potentially-ANCA-associated pulmonary lesions are reviewed briefly as well.
August 24, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173880/the-utility-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-in-the-evaluation-of-interstitial-lung-diseases-a-clinicopathological-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Houda Gharsalli, Mouna Mlika, Imen Sahnoun, Sonia Maalej, Leila Douik El Gharbi, Faouzi El Mezni
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a noninvasive and well-tolerated procedure that is performed with a fiberoptic bronchoscope in the wedged position within a selected bronchopulmonary segment. After it was introduced to clinical practice, BAL rapidly gained acceptance in a large number of centers as a procedure that could be applied to the clinical evaluation of patients with various pulmonary disorders, especially the group of interstitial lung diseases (ILD). Cytological and flow cytometric analysis of BAL fluid in ILD is done with knowledge of the clinical presentation and radiological findings...
August 24, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173881/introduction
#3
EDITORIAL
Mona Mlika-Zorgati, Mark R Wick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219281/interstitial-lung-disease-elementary-lesions-and-diagnosis
#4
REVIEW
Mona Mlika, Emna Braham, Faouzi Mezni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172458/interstitial-lung-diseases-imaging-contribution-to-diagnosis-and-elementary-radiological-lesions
#5
REVIEW
Henda Neji, Monia Attia, Mariem Affes, Ines Baccouche, Khaoula Ben Miled-M'rad, Saoussen Hantous-Zannad
Interstitial pneumonias comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders in which a multidisciplinary approach is important for accuracy in diagnosis; indeed, one might say, even mandatory. The team of collaborators should include radiologists, because high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the thorax is is the first, and most of times, the only imaging examination to be prescribed after chest X-ray. . Elementary lesions of the interstitium can be accurately described with HRCT, inasmuch as lung windowing with sharp filtering in this technique reproduces the microscopic features of the lung...
August 10, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154023/pathologic-features-of-smoking-related-lung-diseases-with-emphasis-on-smoking-related-interstitial-fibrosis-and-a-consideration-of-differential-diagnoses
#6
REVIEW
Mark R Wick
Smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF) is frequently-seen and morphologically-distinctive finding in the lung tissue of cigarette smokers. It can be distinguished histologically from the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias and other causes of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. SRIF is typified by dense thickening of the alveolar septa by thick collagen bundles with a hyalinized appearance, with the common admixture of bands of hyperplastic smooth muscle. Concomitant inflammation is minimal. SRIF predominates in the subpleural and centrilobular parenchyma, and is usually accompanied by the changes of centrilobular emphysema and respiratory bronchiolitis...
August 10, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705513/iatrogenic-lesions-preface
#7
EDITORIAL
Mark R Wick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631763/iatrogenic-pulmonary-lesions
#8
REVIEW
Anja C Roden, Philippe Camus
Treatment of patients often includes the administration of medications and sometimes radiation. While the intent is to treat an underlying condition, in some cases, adverse effects occur due to these agents. Most of these adverse effects are mild, however, some can be severe and life-threatening. Furthermore, while these effects are often reversible upon cessation of exposure, especially if the inciting agent is recognized and withdrawn early, others might be permanent or even progressing. Most common histopathologic findings in drug-induced interstitial lung disease include nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (cellular and/or fibrotic), organizing pneumonia with or without bronchiolitis, eosinophilic pneumonia, pulmonary edema, diffuse alveolar damage, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, granulomatous interstitial lung disease, chronic bronchiolitis, and pulmonary hemorrhage...
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615296/reexamining-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorders-newly-recognized-and-enigmatic-types
#9
REVIEW
Nadine Aguilera, Alejandro A Gru
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) are a known risk for both solid organ transplant and stem cell transplant recipients. Overall transplant recipients have a six fold increase in risk for developing any kind of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and PTLDs occur in up to 10% of SOT recipients. Several new entities have been accepted or renamed in the 2018 update of the WHO classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid neoplasms, including florid follicular hyperplasia and extranodal marginal zone lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-lymphoma) (excluding common locations such as stomach and salivary gland)...
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576423/iatrogenic-pathology-of-the-urinary-bladder
#10
REVIEW
Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Rodolfo Montironi, Maria R Raspollini, Liang Cheng, George J Netto
Intravesical immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy are among the most frequent therapeutic procedures to treat malignancies of the urinary bladder. These treatment modalities produce reactive morphologic changes in the urothelium that can mimic urothelial carcinoma in situ, urothelial dysplasia or true invasive urothelial neoplasia. Mitomycin C used after transurethral resection of bladder tumor to reduce recurrences, BCG intravesical immunotherapy to treat high risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer and urothelial carcinoma in situ, and platinum-based systemic chemotherapy to improve post-cystectomy disease-specific survival some of the causes of therapy related atypia in urinary bladder...
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361381/drug-induced-pseudolymphoma
#11
REVIEW
Cynthia M Magro, Brianne H Daniels, A Neil Crowson
Atypical lymphocytic infiltrates of the skin comprise a broad spectrum of entities ranging from benign infiltrates to those that are malignant. Many of these infiltrates are in fact reactive lymphomatoid ones related to drug therapy falling under the general category of drug associated pseudolymphoma. Within this nosologic umbrella are nodular and diffuse infiltrates resembling low grade T and B cell lymphoma consistent with lymphocytoma cutis, drug associated reversible T cell dyscrasias which draw a strong morphologic and phenotypic parallel with mycosis fungoides and the various pre-lymphomatous T cell dyscrasias, and angiocentric CD30 positive infiltrates mirroring lymphomatoid papulosis...
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110897/iatrogenic-lesions-of-soft-tissue-and-bone
#12
REVIEW
S M O'Connor, S E Wobker, D M Cardona, W Eward, R J Esther, L G Dodd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066044/iatrogenic-solid-tumors-following-immunosuppressive-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Kossivi Dantey, Liron Pantanowitz
Immunosuppression induced by chronic medication, such as occurs post-transplantation, may increase a patient's risk of developing solid tumors. These are often rare tumors characterized by odd presentations. This review focuses on commonly encountered iatrogenic, non-hematopoietic solid tumors following immunotherapy and provides a practical approach to their diagnosis. All of the malignancies covered in this review are viral-induced. They include human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated carcinomas, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated tumors, Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV)-related Merkel cell carcinoma, and Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV8)-related Kaposi sarcoma...
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964593/iatrogenically-false-positive-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-breast-cancer-methods-of-recognition-and-evaluation
#14
REVIEW
Anupma Nayak, Ira J Bleiweiss
With the introduction of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy as a standard procedure for staging clinically node negative breast cancer patients, meticulous pathologic evaluation of SLNs by serial sections and/or immunohistochemistry for cytokeratins has become commonplace in order to detect small volume metastases (isolated tumor cells and micrometastases). This practice has also brought to the fore the concept of iatrogenically false positive sentinel nodes secondary to epithelial displacement produced largely by preoperative needling procedures...
July 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454577/morphological-clues-to-the-appropriate-recognition-of-hereditary-renal-neoplasms
#15
REVIEW
Holger Moch, Riuko Ohashi, Jatin S Gandhi, Mahul B Amin
An important emerging role of the surgical pathologist besides the traditional tasks of establishment of the diagnosis and documentation of prognostic and predictive factors, is to recognize the possibility of a hereditary condition in cases where the histology is suggestive for a familial cancer syndrome. In recent years, the knowledge regarding all of the above roles, including the role of recognition of familial cancer, has particularly expanded in renal neoplasms with the close scrutiny to morphology, molecular correlates and clinical features of the different sub-types of renal cell carcinoma...
May 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409667/pathologists-the-watchpersons-for-hereditary-tumor-syndromes
#16
EDITORIAL
Abbas Agaimy, Mark R Wick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397239/hereditary-gastrointestinal-carcinomas-and-their-precursors-an-algorithm-for-genetic-testing
#17
REVIEW
Clothaire P E Spoto, Irene Gullo, Fatima Carneiro, Elizabeth A Montgomery, Lodewijk A A Brosens
Recognition of hereditary forms of gastrointestinal cancer is of great importance for patients and their families and pathologists play a crucial role in this. This review recapitulates the clinical, pathological and molecular aspects of Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer and Gastric Adenocarcinoma and Proximal Polyposis of the Stomach, as well as hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes such as Lynch syndrome and gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes (including Familial Adenomatous Polyposis, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and Juvenile Polyposis syndrome)...
May 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397238/hereditary-swi-snf-complex-deficiency-syndromes
#18
REVIEW
Abbas Agaimy, William D Foulkes
The SWItch Sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) complex is a highly conserved multi-subunit complex of proteins encoded by numerous genes mapped to different chromosomal regions. The complex regulates the process of chromatin remodelling and hence plays a central role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression, cell proliferation and differentiation. During the last three decades, the SWI/SNF complex has been increasingly recognized as a central molecular event driving the initiation and/or progression of several benign and malignant neoplasms of different anatomic origin and having diverse histomorphological appearance...
May 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395463/uncovering-hereditary-tumor-syndromes-emerging-role-of-surgical-pathology
#19
REVIEW
Abbas Agaimy, Arndt Hartmann
With the increased use of modern next generation sequencing technologies in routine molecular pathology practice, the proportion of cancer cases with a definite or probable hereditary background seems to be steadily increasing. Currently, it is assumed that ≥10% of all malignancies develop in the setting of germline predisposition. Diagnosis and recognition of cancer predisposition syndromes relies not rarely on distinctive histopathological features that proved to be highly valuable and reproducible in uncovering those diseases that would otherwise have gone undetected by clinicians as being hereditary in nature...
May 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203116/diagnosis-and-management-of-metastatic-neoplasms-with-unknown-primary
#20
REVIEW
Tilmann Bochtler, Harald Löffler, Alwin Krämer
In cancer of unknown primary (CUP), metastases are clinically and histologically confirmed, but the primary tumor site remains elusive after extensive work-up. CUPs make up for 2-3% of all epithelial malignancies. The two prevailing histologies are adenocarcinomas and undifferentiated carcinomas, whereas squamous cell carcinomas, neuroendocrine carcinomas and rare histologies account for the remaining 10%. The diagnostic work-up in CUP relies strongly on a detailed immunohistological (IHC) analysis in order to characterize the tumor type, nowadays aided by molecular techniques...
May 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
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