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Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737452/memory-rehabilitation-for-the-working-memory-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#1
Shokoufeh Mousavi, Hossein Zare, Masoud Etemadifar, Hamid Taher Neshatdoost
OBJECTIVE: The main cognitive impairments in multiple sclerosis (MS) affect the working memory, processing speed, and performances that are in close interaction with one another. Cognitive problems in MS are influenced to a lesser degree by disease recovery medications or treatments,but cognitive rehabilitation is considered one of the promising methods for cure. There is evidence regarding the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation for MS patients in various stages of the disease...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728465/evaluating-the-test-retest-reliability-of-symptom-indices-associated-with-the-impact-post-concussion-symptom-scale-pcss
#2
Victoria C Merritt, Megan L Bradson, Jessica E Meyer, Peter A Arnett
OBJECTIVE: The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a commonly used tool in sports concussion assessment. While test-retest reliabilities have been established for the ImPACT cognitive composites, few studies have evaluated the psychometric properties of the ImPACT's Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS). The purpose of this study was to establish the test-retest reliability of symptom indices associated with the PCSS. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants included 38 undergraduate students (50...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708033/neuropsychological-profile-and-social-cognition-in-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-cchs-correlation-with-neuroimaging-in-a-clinical-case
#4
Borja Esteso Orduña, Raquel Seijas Gómez, Elena García Esparza, Emily M Briceño, Javier Melero Llorente, María de la Concepción Fournier Del Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare genetic disorder due to paired-like homeobox gene (PHOX2B) mutations. CCHS patients suffer from dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system characterized by the absence of or extremely reduced response to hypercapnia and hypoxia, with neuropsychological deficits. The aim of this exploratory study is to describe the longitudinal neuropsychological profile and its correlations with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a child with CCHS with a PHOX2B mutation...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689493/hiv-associated-executive-dysfunction-in-the-era-of-modern-antiretroviral-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Keenan A Walker, Gregory G Brown
OBJECTIVE: While some reports suggest that HIV+ individuals continue to display executive function (EF) impairment in the era of cART, findings have been contradictory and appear to differ based on the aspect of EF being measured. To improve the understanding of how discrete executive abilities may be differentially affected or spared in the context of HIV infection, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to (a) determine whether and to what extent HIV+ adults experience deficits in EFs, and (b) understand how demographic and clinical characteristics may modify the associations between HIV infection and executive abilities...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671504/reliability-and-validity-of-a-self-administered-tool-for-online-neuropsychological-testing-the-amsterdam-cognition-scan
#6
Heleen E M Feenstra, Jaap M J Murre, Ivar E Vermeulen, Jacobien M Kieffer, Sanne B Schagen
INTRODUCTION: To facilitate large-scale assessment of a variety of cognitive abilities in clinical studies, we developed a self-administered online neuropsychological test battery: the Amsterdam Cognition Scan (ACS). The current studies evaluate in a group of adult cancer patients: test-retest reliability of the ACS and the influence of test setting (home or hospital), and the relationship between our online and a traditional test battery (concurrent validity). METHOD: Test-retest reliability was studied in 96 cancer patients (57 female; Mage = 51...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671486/repetition-priming-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia-impact-of-educational-attainment
#7
Deirdre M O'Shea, Liselotte De Wit, Maya Yutsis, Melissa Castro, Glenn E Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of education on repetition priming performances in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and mild dementia. METHOD: A total of 72 participants (healthy = 27, with MCI = 28, with mild dementia = 17) took part in the present study. Priming was assessed using the Word Stem Completion Test, and delayed and recognition memory was assessed using the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test. A multinomial regression analysis was used to examine whether years of education moderated priming and declarative memory performances in predicting group membership...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669314/understanding-heterogeneity-in-older-adults-latent-growth-curve-modeling-of-cognitive-functioning
#8
Rebecca K MacAulay, Matthew R Calamia, Alex S Cohen, Katrina Daigle, Heather Foil, Robert Brouillette, Annadora J Bruce-Keller, Jeffrey N Keller
BACKGROUND: Clarifying relationships between specific neurocognitive functions in cognitively intact older adults can improve our understanding of mechanisms involved in cognitive decline, which may allow identification of new opportunities for intervention and earlier detection of those at increased risk of dementia. METHOD: The present study employed latent growth curve modeling to longitudinally examine the relationship between executive attention/processing speed, episodic memory, language, and working memory functioning utilizing the neuropsychological test battery from the National Alzheimer's Disease Coordinating Center...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669253/unaltered-emotional-experience-in-parkinson-s-disease-pupillometry-and-behavioral-evidence
#9
Rachel Schwartz, Kathrin Rothermich, Sonja A Kotz, Marc D Pell
INTRODUCTION: Recognizing emotions in others is a pivotal part of socioemotional functioning and plays a central role in social interactions. It has been shown that individuals suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD) are less accurate at identifying basic emotions such as fear, sadness, and happiness; however, previous studies have predominantly assessed emotion processing using unimodal stimuli (e.g., pictures) that do not reflect the complexity of real-world processing demands. Dynamic, naturalistic stimuli (e...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659024/moderate-alcohol-use-and-apolipoprotein-e-4-apoe-4-independent-effects-on-cognitive-outcomes-in-later-life
#10
Danielle Herring, Daniel Paulson
OBJECTIVES: Substantive past research suggests that moderate alcohol use confers beneficial health outcomes. The study of moderate alcohol use and cognition has produced variable findings. The primary goal was to examine the relationship between alcohol use and cognitive aging over time (Experiment 1), in a demographically representative, longitudinal survey of older adults. Experiment 2 examined the hypothesis that apolipoprotein E-4 (ApoE-4) would moderate the relationship between moderate drinking and performance on cognitive domains...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659005/preinjury-characteristics-of-children-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-is-other-injury-an-appropriate-comparison-group
#11
A McKinlay, M Albicini, M Than
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) has been associated with ongoing problems in children and young people. However, there remains to be considerable debate regarding whether outcomes are a result of brain impairment, or simply reflect preinjury characteristics of the child or family. To reliably assess outcomes, an appropriate control group is required. AIMS: This study aimed to identify the preinjury characteristics of children with mTBI, and to examine whether an "other injury to the head" group is an appropriate comparison to control for preinjury characteristics of children with mTBI...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656790/the-dot-counting-test-adds-up-validation-and-response-pattern-analysis-in-a-mixed-clinical-veteran-sample
#12
Jason R Soble, Octavio A Santos, Kathleen M Bain, Joshua W Kirton, K Chase Bailey, Edan A Critchfield, Justin J F O'Rourke, Jonathan M Highsmith, David Andrés González
OBJECTIVE: This study cross-validated the Dot Counting Test (DCT) as a performance validity test (PVT) among a mixed clinical veteran sample. Completion time and error patterns also were examined by validity group and cognitive impairment status. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 77 veterans who completed the DCT during clinical evaluation. Seventy-four percent (N = 57) were classified as valid and 26% as noncredible (N = 20) via the Word Memory Test (WMT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637374/facial-emotion-recognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-association-with-age-and-olfaction
#13
S Kalampokini, E Lyros, M Luley, J Schöpe, J Spiegel, J Bürmann, U Dillmann, K Fassbender, M M Unger
OBJECTIVE: The ability to recognize facial emotion expressions has been reported to be impaired in Parkinson's disease (PD), yet previous studies showed inconsistent findings. The aim of this study was to further investigate facial emotion recognition (FER) in PD patients and its association with demographic and clinical parameters (including motor and nonmotor symptoms). METHOD: Thirty-four nondemented PD patients and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent clinical neurological and neuropsychological assessment, standardized olfactory testing with Sniffin' Sticks, and the Ekman 60 Faces Emotion Recognition Test...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585453/cognitive-outcomes-following-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-systematic-review
#14
Gemma L McKeon, Gail A Robinson, Alexander E Ryan, Stefan Blum, David Gillis, Carsten Finke, James G Scott
INTRODUCTION: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an immune-mediated neurological disorder that (among other severe neuropsychiatric symptoms) affects cognition. This study aimed to summarize current knowledge regarding the rates, nature, and predictors of neuropsychological dysfunction in patients recovering from anti-NMDAR encephalitis. METHOD: A systematic review of studies describing neuropsychological outcomes following anti-NMDAR encephalitis was conducted...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565933/comparing-executive-function-evoked-hemodynamic-response-and-gait-as-predictors-of-variations-in-mobility-for-older-adults
#15
Drew W R Halliday, Sandra R Hundza, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera, Marc Klimstra, Drew Commandeur, Timothy V Lukyn, Robert S Stawski, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: Falls represent a major concern for older adults and may serve as clinically salient index events for those presenting in the prodromal stages of mild cognitive impairment. Declines in executive function performance and in gait consistency have shown promise in predicting fall risk; however, associated neurophysiological underpinnings have received less attention. In this study, we used a multimodal approach to assess fall risk in a group of older adults with and without a previous fall history...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562181/working-memory-predicts-presence-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-with-psychosis
#16
Lisanne M Jenkins, Anjuli S Bodapati, Rajiv P Sharma, Cherise Rosen
OBJECTIVE: The recent dramatic increase in research investigating auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) has broadened the former narrow focus on schizophrenia to incorporate additional populations that experience these symptoms. However, an understanding of potential shared mechanisms remains elusive. Based on theories suggesting a failure of top-down cognitive control, we aimed to compare the relationship between AVHs and cognition in two categorical diagnoses of psychosis, schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553882/functional-brain-connectivity-of-remembered-fatigue-or-happiness-in-healthy-adults-use-of-arterial-spin-labeling
#17
Jeff Boissoneault, Landrew Sevel, Michael E Robinson, Roland Staud
INTRODUCTION: Chronic fatiguing illnesses like cancer, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, or depression are frequently associated with comorbidities including depression, pain, and insomnia, making the study of their neural correlates challenging. To study fatigue without such comorbidities, functional connectivity (FC) analyses were used in healthy individuals to study brain activity during recall of a fatiguing event inside the MRI scanner. A positive mood induction served as control condition...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552027/correlates-of-recognition-memory-performance-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#18
Victoria Sanborn, Deepti Putcha, Geoffrey Tremont
INTRODUCTION: Determining whether the etiology of amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) is Alzheimer's disease (AD) is challenging. Recognition memory (RM) performance could be helpful in identifying individuals with cognitive patterns indicative of underlying AD. In order to better identify such patterns, we examined RM discriminability in aMCI and its associations with nonmemory cognitive domains impaired in AD. METHODS: Participants were 97 individuals diagnosed with aMCI (Mage = 74...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552020/the-effects-of-left-and-right-monocular-viewing-on-hemispheric-activation
#19
Chao Wang, D Brandon Burtis, Mingzhou Ding, Jue Mo, John B Williamson, Kenneth M Heilman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prior research has revealed that whereas activation of the left hemisphere primarily increases the activity of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system, right-hemisphere activation increases the activity of the sympathetic division. In addition, each hemisphere primarily receives retinocollicular projections from the contralateral eye. A prior study reported that pupillary dilation was greater with left- than with right-eye monocular viewing...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548032/impact-of-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-physical-activity-on-associated-movements-and-motor-speed-in-preschool-children
#20
Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Aziz Chaouch, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Valentin Rousson, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni
INTRODUCTION: Young children generally show contralateral associated movements (CAMs) when they are making an effort to perform a unimanual task. CAM and motor speed are two relevant aspects of motor proficiency in young children. These CAMs decrease over age, while motor speed increases. As both CAM and motor speed are associated with age, we were interested in whether these two parameters are also linked with each other. METHOD: In this study, three manual dexterity tasks with the dominant and nondominant hands (pegboard, repetitive hand, and repetitive finger tasks) were used to investigate the effect of covariates (age, sex, socioeconomic status, total physical activity) on both motor speed and CAMs in preschool children...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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