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Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637374/facial-emotion-recognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-association-with-age-and-olfaction
#1
S Kalampokini, E Lyros, M Luley, J Schöpe, J Spiegel, J Bürmann, U Dillmann, K Fassbender, M M Unger
OBJECTIVE: The ability to recognize facial emotion expressions has been reported to be impaired in Parkinson's disease (PD), yet previous studies showed inconsistent findings. The aim of this study was to further investigate facial emotion recognition (FER) in PD patients and its association with demographic and clinical parameters (including motor and nonmotor symptoms). METHOD: Thirty-four nondemented PD patients and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent clinical neurological and neuropsychological assessment, standardized olfactory testing with Sniffin' Sticks, and the Ekman 60 Faces Emotion Recognition Test...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585453/cognitive-outcomes-following-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-systematic-review
#2
Gemma L McKeon, Gail A Robinson, Alexander E Ryan, Stefan Blum, David Gillis, Carsten Finke, James G Scott
INTRODUCTION: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an immune-mediated neurological disorder that (among other severe neuropsychiatric symptoms) affects cognition. This study aimed to summarize current knowledge regarding the rates, nature, and predictors of neuropsychological dysfunction in patients recovering from anti-NMDAR encephalitis. METHOD: A systematic review of studies describing neuropsychological outcomes following anti-NMDAR encephalitis was conducted...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565933/comparing-executive-function-evoked-hemodynamic-response-and-gait-as-predictors-of-variations-in-mobility-for-older-adults
#3
Drew W R Halliday, Sandra R Hundza, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera, Marc Klimstra, Drew Commandeur, Timothy V Lukyn, Robert S Stawski, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: Falls represent a major concern for older adults and may serve as clinically salient index events for those presenting in the prodromal stages of mild cognitive impairment. Declines in executive function performance and in gait consistency have shown promise in predicting fall risk; however, associated neurophysiological underpinnings have received less attention. In this study, we used a multimodal approach to assess fall risk in a group of older adults with and without a previous fall history...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562181/working-memory-predicts-presence-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-with-psychosis
#4
Lisanne M Jenkins, Anjuli S Bodapati, Rajiv P Sharma, Cherise Rosen
OBJECTIVE: The recent dramatic increase in research investigating auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) has broadened the former narrow focus on schizophrenia to incorporate additional populations that experience these symptoms. However, an understanding of potential shared mechanisms remains elusive. Based on theories suggesting a failure of top-down cognitive control, we aimed to compare the relationship between AVHs and cognition in two categorical diagnoses of psychosis, schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553882/functional-brain-connectivity-of-remembered-fatigue-or-happiness-in-healthy-adults-use-of-arterial-spin-labeling
#5
Jeff Boissoneault, Landrew Sevel, Michael E Robinson, Roland Staud
INTRODUCTION: Chronic fatiguing illnesses like cancer, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, or depression are frequently associated with comorbidities including depression, pain, and insomnia, making the study of their neural correlates challenging. To study fatigue without such comorbidities, functional connectivity (FC) analyses were used in healthy individuals to study brain activity during recall of a fatiguing event inside the MRI scanner. A positive mood induction served as control condition...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552027/correlates-of-recognition-memory-performance-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Victoria Sanborn, Deepti Putcha, Geoffrey Tremont
INTRODUCTION: Determining whether the etiology of amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) is Alzheimer's disease (AD) is challenging. Recognition memory (RM) performance could be helpful in identifying individuals with cognitive patterns indicative of underlying AD. In order to better identify such patterns, we examined RM discriminability in aMCI and its associations with nonmemory cognitive domains impaired in AD. METHODS: Participants were 97 individuals diagnosed with aMCI (Mage = 74...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552020/the-effects-of-left-and-right-monocular-viewing-on-hemispheric-activation
#7
Chao Wang, D Brandon Burtis, Mingzhou Ding, Jue Mo, John B Williamson, Kenneth M Heilman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prior research has revealed that whereas activation of the left hemisphere primarily increases the activity of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system, right-hemisphere activation increases the activity of the sympathetic division. In addition, each hemisphere primarily receives retinocollicular projections from the contralateral eye. A prior study reported that pupillary dilation was greater with left- than with right-eye monocular viewing...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548032/impact-of-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-physical-activity-on-associated-movements-and-motor-speed-in-preschool-children
#8
Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Aziz Chaouch, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Valentin Rousson, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni
INTRODUCTION: Young children generally show contralateral associated movements (CAMs) when they are making an effort to perform a unimanual task. CAM and motor speed are two relevant aspects of motor proficiency in young children. These CAMs decrease over age, while motor speed increases. As both CAM and motor speed are associated with age, we were interested in whether these two parameters are also linked with each other. METHOD: In this study, three manual dexterity tasks with the dominant and nondominant hands (pegboard, repetitive hand, and repetitive finger tasks) were used to investigate the effect of covariates (age, sex, socioeconomic status, total physical activity) on both motor speed and CAMs in preschool children...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539077/clinical-utility-of-the-mbias-and-nsi-validity-10-to-detect-symptom-over-reporting-following-mild-tbi-a-multicenter-investigation-with-military-service-members
#9
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Douglas B Cooper, Chad E Grills, Wesley R Cole, Sara M Lippa, Robert L Stegman, Rael T Lange
Self-report measures are commonly relied upon in military healthcare environments to assess service members following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, such instruments are susceptible to over-reporting and rarely include validity scales. This study evaluated the utility of the mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms scale (mBIAS) and the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory Validity-10 scale to detect symptom over-reporting. A total of 359 service members with a reported history of mTBI were separated into two symptom reporting groups based on MMPI-2-RF validity scales (i...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532288/effects-of-happy-and-sad-facial-expressions-on-the-perception-of-time-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#10
Giovanna Mioni, Simon Grondin, Lucia Meligrana, Francesco Perini, Luigi Bartolomei, Franca Stablum
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a movement disorder caused by deterioration of the dopaminergic system. Previous studies have demonstrated temporal as well as emotional facial recognition impairment in PD patients. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that emotional facial expressions alter temporal judgments. In the present study, we investigate the magnitude of temporal distortions caused by the presentation of emotional facial expressions (happiness, sadness, and neutral) in PD patients with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and controls...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532271/prospective-memory-and-subjective-memory-decline-a-neuropsychological-indicator-of-memory-difficulties-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#11
Stephen D Lee, Ben Ong, Kerryn E Pike, Glynda J Kinsella
INTRODUCTION: Prospective memory difficulties are known to occur in Alzheimer's disease, and may provide an early indicator of cognitive decline. Older people reporting high levels of subjective memory decline (SMD) but without evidence of cognitive decline on standard neuropsychological tests are increasingly considered at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether prospective memory performance is differentially impaired in older people reporting high levels of SMD as compared to a control group...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511576/performance-of-a-brazilian-sample-on-the-portuguese-translation-of-the-bni-screen-for-higher-cerebral-functions
#12
George P Prigatano, Lígia M N Souza, Lucia W Braga
INTRODUCTION: The Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) Screen for Higher Cerebral Functions (BNIS) has been translated into several languages and found useful in evaluating multiple domains of cognitive and affective dysfunction, particularly in neuro-rehabilitation settings. Normative data from countries with high literacy rates have reported strikingly similar mean level of performance scores on this test, with age typically correlating higher with total score performance than education...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502220/dynamic-assessment-of-visual-neglect-the-mobility-assessment-course-as-a-diagnostic-tool
#13
Antonia F Ten Brink, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Tanja C W Nijboer
INTRODUCTION: Visual neglect is a frequent disorder following stroke and is often diagnosed by neuropsychological assessment. However, paper-and-pencil tasks have low predictive value as they lack sensitivity to capture neglect in complex, dynamic situations, such as activities of daily living. Aims of the current study were to assess the feasibility of the Mobility Assessment Course (MAC), a visual search multitask, to assess neglect, and its relation with existing neglect tasks. METHOD: Stroke patients admitted for inpatient rehabilitation and healthy controls were tested with the MAC in different corridors...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485671/biased-and-less-sensitive-a-gamified-approach-to-delay-discounting-in-heroin-addiction
#14
Stefan Scherbaum, Paul Haber, Kirsten Morley, Dylan Underhill, Ahmed A Moustafa
INTRODUCTION: People with addiction will continue to use drugs despite adverse long-term consequences. We hypothesized (a) that this deficit persists during substitution treatment, and (b) that this deficit might be related not only to a desire for immediate gratification, but also to a lower sensitivity for optimal decision making. We investigated how individuals with a history of heroin addiction perform (compared to healthy controls) in a virtual reality delay discounting task. This novel task adds to established measures of delay discounting an assessment of the optimality of decisions, especially in how far decisions are influenced by a general choice bias and/or a reduced sensitivity to the relative value of the two alternative rewards...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436744/cognitive-screening-in-substance-users-diagnostic-accuracies-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-revised-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment
#15
Nicole Ridley, Jennifer Batchelor, Brian Draper, Apo Demirkol, Nicholas Lintzeris, Adrienne Withall
INTRODUCTION: Despite the considerable prevalence of cognitive impairment in substance-using populations, there has been little investigation of the utility of cognitive screening measures within this context. In the present study the accuracy of three cognitive screening measures in this population was examined-the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). METHOD: A sample of 30 treatment-seeking substance users and 20 healthy individuals living in the community were administered the screening measures and a neuropsychological battery (NPB)...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417666/exploring-the-differential-associations-between-components-of-executive-functioning-and-reactive-and-proactive-aggression
#16
Lisa K Hecht, Robert D Latzman
OBJECTIVE: A large body of literature confirms the importance of executive functioning (EF) in the explanation of aggressive and antisocial behaviors. However, the common and specific associations between subtypes of aggression, such as reactive (RA), proactive aggression (PA), and EF are unclear. The current study explored the nuanced associations between components of EF and subtypes of aggression, using a latent variable approach. METHOD: Participants were 384 racially diverse undergraduate students (ages 18-52 years) who completed a self-report measure of RA and PA, and traditional neuropsychological tasks of EF...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398162/control-over-interfering-memories-in-eating-disorders
#17
Davide Francesco Stramaccia, Barbara Penolazzi, Arianna Libardi, Aldo Genovese, Luigi Castelli, Daniela Palomba, Giovanni Galfano
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have suggested that patients suffering from either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN) exhibit abnormal performance in the ability to control cognitive interference in response selection. METHOD: We assessed the status of cognitive control in episodic memory by addressing the ability to inhibit interfering memories. To this end, we used the retrieval-practice paradigm, which allows for measuring both the beneficial and the detrimental effects of memory practice...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398126/a-multifactorial-and-integrative-approach-to-impulsivity-in-neuropsychology-insights-from-the-upps-model-of-impulsivity
#18
Lucien Rochat, Joël Billieux, Jean Gagnon, Martial Van der Linden
Risky and excessive behaviors, such as aggressive and compulsive behaviors, are frequently described in patients with brain damage and have dramatic psychosocial consequences. Although there is strong evidence that impulsivity constitutes a key factor at play in these behaviors, the literature about impulsivity in neuropsychology is to date scarce. In addition, examining and understanding these problematic behaviors requires the assumption that impulsivity is a multidimensional construct. Consequently, this article aims at shedding light on frequent risky and excessive behaviors in patients with brain damage by focusing on a unified, comprehensive, and well-validated model, namely, the UPPS model of impulsivity...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353391/validity-of-self-reported-concentration-and-memory-problems-relationship-with-neuropsychological-assessment-and-depression
#19
Rosemarie M Bowler, Shane W Adams, Ralf Schwarzer, Vihra V Gocheva, Harry A Roels, Yangho Kim, Catherine L Kircos, Chris W Wright, Michelle Colledge, George Bollweg, Danelle T Lobdell
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the validity of self-reported concentration and memory problems (CMP) in residents environmentally exposed to manganese (Mn). METHOD: Self-report of CMP from a health questionnaire (HQ) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) was compared to neuropsychological assessment (Trails A&B; Digit Span; Digit Symbol; Similarities; Auditory Consonant Trigrams, ACT; NAB Memory; Rey-Osterrieth, Rey-O, Delayed). Participants included 146 residents from Ohio exposed to air-Mn, with a modeled average concentration of 0...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349778/neuropsychological-measurement-of-inhibitory-control-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-exploratory-antisaccade-paradigm
#20
Matthew Reinhard, Nathaniel Allen, Ling M Wong, Barbara L Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to uncover inhibitory control dynamics and assess antisaccade eye-tracking tasks for relevance in a veteran posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) population. METHOD: Participants were 36 veterans enrolled at the Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The groups (PTSD diagnosed vs. controls) did not vary between age and sex. Participants completed a testing battery of clinical neuropsychological measures and two different eye-tracking conditions, one that utilized face stimuli and one with standard shape stimuli, which test pro- (PS) and antisaccade (AS) eye movements...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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