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Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30429580/correction-a-pilot-randomised-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial-of-paracetamol-for-later-treatment-of-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#1
Martin Kluckow, Hazel Carlisle, Margaret Broom, Patricia Woods, Michele Jeffery, Deepa Desai, Yan Chen, Nick Evans
In the published version of this paper the author Yan Chen was missed out of the author list. This has now been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the paper.
November 14, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425338/planned-home-deliveries-in-finland-1996-2013
#2
Katja Ovaskainen, Riitta Ojala, Kati Tihtonen, Mika Gissler, Tiina Luukkaala, Outi Tammela
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends and perinatal outcomes of planned home deliveries in Finland. STUDY DESIGN: All infants born in 1996-2013, excluding those born preterm, by operative delivery, and without information on birth mode or gestational age, were studied. The study group included 170 infants born at home as planned, 720,047 infants born at hospital were controls. RESULT: The rate of planned home deliveries increased from 8.3 to 39.4 per 100,000...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425337/lowest-paco2-on-the-first-day-of-life-predicts-mortality-and-morbidity-among-infants-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#3
Minal J Patel, Cynthia S Bell, Kevin P Lally, Pamela A Lally, Lakshmi I Katakam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between hypercarbia in the first 24 h of life and clinical outcomes in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of patients entered into the CDHSG registry between 2007-2014. Half of the identified patients were analyzed to identify the PaCO2 value most predictive of mortality. Prediction models for outcomes of death, ECMO, and respiratory support at 30 days of life (DOL) were developed using PaCO2...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367103/early-inspired-oxygen-and-intermittent-hypoxemic-events-in-extremely-premature-infants-are-associated-with-asthma-medication-use-at-2-years-of-age
#4
Juliann M Di Fiore, Andrew M Dylag, Ryan D Honomichl, Anna Maria Hibbs, Richard J Martin, Curtis Tatsuoka, Thomas M Raffay
OBJECTIVE: Extremely premature infants are at risk for childhood wheezing. Early respiratory support and intermittent hypoxemia (IH) events may be associated with adverse breathing outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center retrospective cohort study of 137 premature infants <28 weeks gestational age characterized the associations of cumulative oxygen, cumulative mean airway pressure, IH, and oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) on the primary outcome of prescription asthma medication use at 2-year follow-up...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353082/factors-influencing-decision-making-in-neonatology-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-preterm-infants
#5
Veena Manja, Gordon Guyatt, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Susan Jack, Haresh Kirpalani, John A F Zupancic, Dmitry Dukhovny, John J You, Sandra Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: We studied decision making regarding inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in preterm infants with Pulmonary Hypertension (PH). STUDY DESIGN: We asked members of the AAP-Society of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine and Division-Chiefs to select from three management options- initiate iNO, engage parents in shared decision making or not consider iNO in an extremely preterm with PH followed by rating of factors influencing their decision. RESULTS: Three hundred and four respondents (9%) completed the survey; 36...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353081/diagnostic-challenge-of-the-newborn-patients-with-heritable-protein-c-deficiency
#6
Masako Ichiyama, Hirosuke Inoue, Masayuki Ochiai, Masataka Ishimura, Akira Shiraishi, Junko Fujiyoshi, Hironori Yamashita, Kazuo Sato, Shinya Matsumoto, Taeko Hotta, Takeshi Uchiumi, Dongchon Kang, Shouichi Ohga
ABSTARCT: OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of neonatal-onset protein C (PC) deficiency is challenging. This study aimed to establish the neonatal screening of heritable PC deficiency in Japan. STUDY DESIGN: We determined the changes in plasma activity levels of PC and protein S (PS) in healthy neonates, and studied newborn patients with PROC mutation in the Japanese registry. RESULT: Physiological PC and PS levels increased with wide range. The PC/PS-activity ratios converged after birth...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353080/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-extremely-premature-infants-with-linear-growth-restriction
#7
J M Meyers, S Tan, E F Bell, A F Duncan, R Guillet, B J Stoll, C T D'Angio
OBJECTIVE: To compare neurodevelopmental outcomes in linear growth-restricted (LGR) infants born <29 weeks with and without weight gain out of proportion to linear growth. STUDY DESIGN: We compared 2-year neurodevelopmental outcomes between infants with and without LGR and between LGR infants with and without weight gain out of proportion to linear growth. The outcomes were Bayley-III cognitive, motor, and language scores, cerebral palsy, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level ≥ 2, and neurodevelopmental impairment...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353079/outcomes-following-a-comprehensive-versus-a-selective-approach-for-infants-born-at-22-weeks-of-gestation
#8
Carl H Backes, Fanny Söderström, Johan Ågren, Richard Sindelar, Christopher W Bartlett, Brian K Rivera, Courtney C Mitchell, Heather A Frey, Edward G Shepherd, Leif D Nelin, Erik Normann
OBJECTIVE: To examine outcomes at two institutions with different approaches to care among infants born at 22 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, cohort study (2006-2015). Enrollment was limited to mother-infant dyads at 22 weeks of gestation. Proactive care was defined as provision of antenatal corticosteroids and neonatal resuscitation and intensive care. One center (Uppsala, Sweden; UUCH) provided proactive care to all mother-infant dyads (comprehensive center); the other center (Nationwide Children's Hospital, USA; NCH) initiated or withheld treatment based on physician and family preferences (selective center)...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30348962/does-ultrasound-guidance-for-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-picc-insertion-reduce-the-incidence-of-tip-malposition-a-randomized-trial
#9
Tejopratap Oleti, M Jeeva Sankar, Anu Thukral, V Sreenivas, Arun Kumar Gupta, Ramesh Agarwal, Ashok K Deorari, Vinod K Paul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of peripheral inserted central catheter (PICC) tip malposition when the catheter is inserted under real-time ultrasound (RTUS) guidance when compared with conventional landmark (CL) technique in neonates. Additional objectives were to evaluate the PICC longevity and central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSI). STUDY DESIGN: In this randomised controlled trial, neonates were randomised to 'RTUS' (n = 40) or 'CL' (n = 40) groups...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30348961/successful-implementation-of-an-intracranial-hemorrhage-ich-bundle-in-reducing-severe-ich-a-quality-improvement-project
#10
Nicolas Chiriboga, Josef Cortez, Adriana Pena-Ariet, Kartikeya Makker, Carmen Smotherman, Shiva Gautam, Allison Blair Trikardos, Holly Knight, Mark Yeoman, Erin Burnett, Alexandra Beier, Inbal Cohen, Mark L Hudak
OBJECTIVE: Our specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-limited (SMART) aim was to reduce the incidence of severe intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) among preterm infants born <30 weeks' gestation from a baseline of 24% (January 2012-December 2013) to a long-term average of 11% by December 2015. STUDY DESIGN: We instituted an ICH bundle consisting of elements of the "golden hour" (delayed cord clamping, optimized cardiopulmonary resuscitation, improved thermoregulation) and provision of cluster care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30348960/elevated-midline-head-positioning-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-effects-on-cardiopulmonary-function-and-the-incidence-of-periventricular-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#11
Michael Kochan, Bianca Leonardi, Angela Firestine, Jacob McPadden, Danielle Cobb, Tushar A Shah, Turaj Vazifedan, W Thomas Bass
OBJECTIVE: Changes in cerebrovascular hemodynamics associated with head position may be important in the pathogenesis of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) in premature infants. This study evaluated the effect of elevated midline head positioning on cardiopulmonary function and the incidence of PIVH. STUDY DESIGN: ELBW infants were randomized to FLAT (flat, supine) or ELEV (supine, bed elevated 30 degrees) for 96 h. Cardiopulmonary function, complications of prematurity, and the occurrence of PIVH were documented...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341405/can-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-be-used-as-primary-respiratory-support-for-infants-with-meconium-aspiration-syndrome
#12
Kelsey A Montgomery, Rebecca S Rose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341404/evolution-of-empiric-vancomycin-dosing-in-a-neonatal-population
#13
Luiza Radu, Tanner Bengry, Albert Akierman, Belal Alshaikh, Kamran Yusuf, Deonne Dersch-Mills
BACKGROUND: In 2014, we assessed the effectiveness of our neonatal vancomycin empirical dosing regimen (15-45 mg/kg/day) which led to development of a revised regimen (20-60 mg/kg/day). OBJECTIVE: To validate the revised empirical vancomycin dosage regimen in achieving target troughs. METHODS: The primary outcome of this multicenter retrospective before-and-after cohort study was the proportion of neonates in the present cohort achieving trough levels below, at or above target (<10, 10-20 and >20 mg/L)...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341403/-golden-hour-quality-improvement-intervention-and-short-term-outcome-among-preterm-infants
#14
Ben Peleg, Omer Globus, Maya Granot, Leah Leibovitch, Ram Mazkereth, Irit Eisen, Iris Morag, Orly Stern, Chava Rozen, Ayala Maayan-Metzger, Tzipora Strauss
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a quality improvement intervention during the first hour of life ("Golden Hour") on short-term preterm neonatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive protocol designed for initial stabilization and treatment of preterm infants that included cord blood sampling, use of a dedicated resuscitation room and improved team communication using Crew Resource Management tools. The infants admitted before and after implementation of the protocol were retrospectively compared in a matched case-control design...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341402/neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge-preparedness-among-families-with-limited-english-proficiency
#15
Evelyn Obregon, Camilia R Martin, Ivan D Frantz Iii, Palak Patel, Vincent C Smith
OBJECTIVE: We compared the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit discharge preparedness of families with and without Limited English Proficiency (LEP). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective analysis of discharged families. Each family's discharge preparation was self-assessed on the day of discharge, and the discharging nurse assessed the family's overall emotional and technical discharge preparedness all on 9-point Likert scales. Families were considered not prepared for discharge if they rated themselves or the nurse rated their preparedness as <7 on the Likert scale...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341401/congenital-solitary-kidney-size-at-birth-could-predict-reduced-egfr-levels-later-in-life
#16
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Stefano Guarino, Anna Grandone, Allegra Di Somma, Mario Diplomatico, Pier Francesco Rambaldi, Fabio Decimo, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Angela La Manna, Cesare Polito
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of congenital solitary functioning kidney (CSFK) length, measured early in life, on the eGFR levels during the follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively selected 162 CSFK patients undergoing, within 60 days of life, renal length (RL) measurement by ultrasound. We divided the population in: Group 1 = RL ≥ 2 standard deviation score (SDS). Group 2 = RL < 2 SDS and showing RL ≥ 2 SDS during the follow-up...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341400/impact-of-elective-caesarean-section-on-neonatal-retrieval-in-western-australia-during-a-12-year-period
#17
Kathryn J Macallister, Lye W Tho, Mathias Epee-Bekima, Steven Resnick, Jonathan W Davis
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 2006 Australian national guidance to delay elective caesarean section until 39 weeks' gestation would reduce the need for neonatal retrieval for respiratory compromise following elective caesarean. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing infants born by elective caesarean section who required retrieval for respiratory distress in Western Australia before and after the national guidance (2003-2006 vs. 2008-2014)...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341399/nicu-human-milk-dose-and-health-care-use-after-nicu-discharge-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
Tricia J Johnson, Kousiki Patra, Michelle M Greene, Matthew Hamilton, Elizabeth Dabrowski, Paula P Meier, Aloka L Patel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between human milk (HM) dose and health care utilization at one and 2 years of life in very low birth weight (birth weight < 1500 g; VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 345 VLBW infants enrolled in a prospective observational cohort study (2008-2012) who completed a neonatal high-risk follow-up clinic visit. Subsequent health care utilization included hospitalizations, emergency department visits, pediatric subspecialists, and specialized therapies...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337732/risk-factors-for-poor-perineal-outcome-after-operative-vaginal-delivery
#19
Gianna L Wilkie, Michael Saadeh, Julian N Robinson, Sarah E Little
OBJECTIVE: Identify risk factors for poor perineal outcome after operative vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed including operative vaginal deliveries during 2015 through 2016. RESULTS: Of 529 operative vaginal deliveries, 79 (14.9%) had higher order perineal lacerations and 14 (2.7%) had a wound breakdown. The only significant risk factor for higher order lacerations was chorioamnionitis (aOR 2.2; 95% CI 1...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337731/physical-examination-score-predicts-need-for-surgery-in-neonates-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#20
Rubia Khalak, Carl D'Angio, Bobby Mathew, Hongyue Wang, Stephanie Guilford, Elizabeth Thomas, Jeffrey Meyers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of a standardized physical exam score (PE-NEC) in predicting need for surgery or death in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted from 3/1/14 to 2/29/16 with three regional perinatal centers in upstate New York. Infants with NEC Bell's Stage ≥ 2 had physical exams and laboratory data recorded at 12-24 h intervals for 48 h following diagnosis...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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