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Digestive Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654927/acute-diverticulitis-and-subsequent-colonoscopy-instigating-an-old-discussion
#1
Tiago Cúrdia Gonçalves, Mara Barbosa, Carla Marinho, José Cotter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647737/trends-in-the-management-of-acute-appendicitis-in-a-single-center-quality-register-cohort-of-5-614-patients
#2
Martin J A Dahlberg, Emil H A Pieniowski, Lennart Å S Boström
Acute appendicitis is one of the most common reasons for emergency surgery. At Stockholm South General Hospital, information on all patients - 15 years or older - undergoing surgery for acute appendicitis is included in a quality register. Data on surgical method, preoperative imaging, hospital stay, intraoperative findings, and 30-day complications were recorded for each patient. From January 2004 to December 2014, 5,614 consecutive patients were registered. The percentage of patients examined with preoperative imaging increased from 30% in 2004 to 93% in 2014...
June 24, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637034/recovery-of-food-intake-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-based-on-a-large-scale-gastric-cancer-cohort
#3
Bang Wool Eom, Jeongseon Kim, Deok Hee Kim, Young-Il Kim, Hong Man Yoon, Soo-Jeong Cho, Jong Yeul Lee, Chan Gyoo Kim, Il Ju Choi, Young-Woo Kim, Byung-Ho Nam, Keun Won Ryu
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed at evaluating the food intake and nutritional status of patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer based on a large-scale gastric cancer cohort. METHODS: An observational prospective cohort study for gastric cancer has been conducted since 2010. From the cohort data, we selected the data for patients who completed at least 2 days of 3-day diet diaries and who underwent subtotal gastrectomy (STG) or total gastrectomy (TG)...
June 22, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637039/different-impacts-of-preoperative-radiotherapy-and-chemoradiotherapy-on-oncological-outcomes-in-patients-with-stages-ii-and-iii-lower-rectal-cancer-a-propensity-score-analysis
#4
Hirotoshi Takiyama, Kazushige Kawai, Soichiro Ishihara, Koji Yasuda, Kensuke Otani, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Teppei Morikawa, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer has been changed from radiotherapy (RT) to chemoradiotherapy (CRT). This study is aimed at evaluating the benefit of CRT in patients with stage II or III lower rectal cancer, with regard to the impact on recurrence. METHODS: A total of 474 patients with clinical stage II or III lower rectal cancer who received either preoperative RT (n = 221) or CRT (n = 253) followed by total mesorectal excision were identified from our institutional database...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637037/surgical-site-infection-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Chikara Shirata, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Takashi Kokudo, Junichi Arita, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Kaneko, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Masatoshi Makuuchi, Norihiro Kokudo
AIMS: To clarify the clinical impact, risk factors, and preventive methods for surgical site infection (SSI) after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We included 879 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC between 2002 and 2011. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify the risk factors for incisional and organ/space SSIs. ORs and 95% CIs are reported. RESULTS: The incidences of incisional and organ/space SSIs were 24 (2...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564643/prevent-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-possible-role-of-ultrasound-elastography
#6
Mirko D'Onofrio, Giulia Tremolada, Riccardo De Robertis, Stefano Crosara, Valentina Ciaravino, Nicolò Cardobi, Giovanni Marchegiani, Alessandra Pulvirenti, Valentina Allegrini, Roberto Salvia, Claudio Bassi, Roberto Pozzi Mucelli
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the utility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) on pancreatic tissue as a preoperative predictor of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Studied patients underwent exclusively to pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) surgery. METHODS: Shear wave velocity of pancreas was measured using ARFI in 71 patients scheduled for PD. An intraoperative pancreas palpation was made by surgeons. A postoperative clinical evaluation to detect occurrence of POPF was performed...
June 1, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554185/clinical-challenges-in-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancies-after-bariatric-surgery
#7
Win Hou W Tse, Hidde M Kroon, J Jan B van Lanschot
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The incidence of morbid obesity has exponentially increased over the last decades. Bariatric surgery (BS) has been proven effective in inducing weight loss and resolving comorbidities associated with morbid obesity. However, BS can also lead to major diagnostic and treatment challenges in patients who develop upper gastrointestinal malignancies. It is important to create awareness of this rising problem. METHODS: Relevant literature was searched in PubMed...
May 30, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554183/a-pilot-trial-of-s-1-and-paclitaxel-in-unresectable-or-postoperative-recurrent-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-pretreated-by-fluorouracil-cisplatin-and-docetaxel-chemotherapy
#8
Yasuaki Nakajima, Kenro Kawada, Yutaka Tokairin, Akihiro Hoshino, Takuya Okada, Tatsuyuki Kawano
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study documents the clinical efficacy and toxicity of S-1 and paclitaxel (S1/PTX) in patients with unresectable or postoperative recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who had been previously treated with fluorouracil (5FU), cisplatin, and docetaxel. METHODS: Twenty-eight ESCC patients treated using S1/PTX at our institute since 2010 were enrolled in this study. S1 was administered orally at a dose of 80 mg/m2/day from days 1 to 14, and PTX was administered intravenously on days 1 and 8 at a dose of 80-100 mg/m2...
May 30, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494458/improvement-of-anal-function-by-adipose-derived-stem-cell-sheets
#9
Yusuke Inoue, Fumihiko Fujita, Izumi Yamaguchi, Hiroko Kinoe, Daisuke Kawahara, Yusuke Sakai, Tamotsu Kuroki, Susumu Eguchi
AIM: One of the most troublesome complications of anal preserving surgery is anal sphincter dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate functional recovery after implantation of adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) sheets, novel biotechnology, for an anal sphincter resection animal model. METHODS: Eighteen female Sprague-Dawley rats underwent removal of the nearest half of the internal and external anal sphincter muscle. Nine rats received transplantation with ADSC sheets to the resected area while the remaining rats received no transplantation...
May 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494443/short-term-clinical-and-oncological-outcomes-after-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#10
Yasumitsu Hirano, Masakazu Hattori, Kenji Douden, Mari Shimada, Yasuo Hashizume
AIM: In the past, we developed and reported single-incision plus one port laparoscopic anterior resection (SILS + 1-AR) of the rectum. In this study, we reviewed our experiences with 141 consecutive patients admitted in a community hospital for undergoing SILS + 1-AR for rectal cancer and evaluated the short-term clinical and oncological outcomes. METHODS: A lap protector (LP) was inserted through a 2.5 cm transumbilical incision; an EZ-access was mounted to the LP and three 5-mm ports were placed...
May 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494442/efficacy-of-hyaluronic-acid-carboxymethyl-cellulose-based-bioresorbable-membranes-in-reducing-perihepatic-adhesion-formation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Atsushi Shimizu, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Koichi Masuda, Kiyohiko Omichi, Akinori Miyata, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND: Perihepatic adhesions induced by hepatectomy make the subsequent repeat hepatectomy technically demanding. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of hyaluronic acid/carboxymethyl cellulose-based bioresorbable membrane (HA membrane) in preventing posthepatectomy adhesion formation by focusing on the ease of the adhesiolysis in subsequent hepatectomy for recurrent tumors. METHODS: A total of 201 patients who underwent hepatectomy using HA membrane were prospectively followed-up for 3 years...
May 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490009/clinicopathologic-study-of-biliary-intraepithelial-neoplasia-in-cholangiocarcinoma
#12
Hyo Jung Kim, Jae Seon Kim, Baek Hee Kim, Young-Tae Bak
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN) is a precursor of cholangiocarcinoma (CC) and it has been associated with several chronic inflammatory conditions. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of BilIN in CC and its clinicopathological significance. METHODS: Medical records of 193 patients with histologically confirmed CC were analyzed. We reviewed the pathology findings of 48 patients who underwent curative surgery for CC. RESULTS: Of the 48 patients analyzed, 34 and 14 patients had extrahepatic and intrahepatic CC respectively...
May 11, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486220/risk-factors-for-early-postoperative-small-bowel-obstruction-after-elective-colon-cancer-surgery-an-observational-study-of-1-244-consecutive-patients
#13
Xiao-Jie Wang, Pan Chi, Hui-Ming Lin, Xing-Rong Lu, Ying Huang, Zong-Bin Xu, Sheng-Hui Huang, Yan-Wu Sun, Dao-Xiong Ye
BACKGROUND: Early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) is a common complication following colon cancer surgery. EPSBO is associated with increased hospital stays, mortality rates, and healthcare costs. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for EPSBO following elective colon cancer surgery. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological variables of 1,244 patients with colon cancer who underwent partial colectomy from January 2000 to December 2014...
May 10, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482348/prolonged-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#14
Hidetoshi Eguchi, Daisaku Yamada, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Kunihito Gotoh, Koichi Kawamoto, Hiroshi Wada, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Daisuke Sakai, Taroh Satoh, Toshihiro Kudo, Fumiaki Isohashi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate if prolonged neoadjuvant therapy, for locally advanced pancreatic cancer could be used to identify those patients who could benefit from resection surgery. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer invading the adjacent major arteries underwent chemoradiotherapy, followed by 6 months of systemic chemotherapy, unless their tumor was already resectable. After this combination treatment, surgical resection was performed on those patients with tumors judged to be at least borderline resectable...
May 9, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467983/combined-antrectomy-reduces-the-incidence-of-delayed-gastric-emptying-after-pancreatoduodenectomy
#15
Yusuke Yamamoto, Ryo Ashida, Katsuhisa Ohgi, Teiichi Sugiura, Yukiyasu Okamura, Takaaki Ito, Yoshiyasu Kato, Mihoko Yamada, Katsuhiko Uesaka
BACKGROUND: There are a few reports that compare the rate of postoperative complications between subtotal stomach-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (SSPPD) and antrectomy-combined pancreatoduodenectomy (ACPD), especially with respect to delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: From 2002 to 2013, 628 patients who underwent SSPPD (n = 78) or ACPD (n = 550) were enrolled in this study. The rate of DGE and the nutritional status were compared between patients receiving ACPD and SSPPD...
May 4, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441659/perioperative-serum-carcinoembryonic-antigen-levels-predict-recurrence-and-survival-of-patients-with-pathological-t2-4-gastric-cancer-treated-with-curative-gastrectomy
#16
Hiroaki Uda, Mitsuro Kanda, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Kenichi Inaoka, Yuri Tanaka, Masamichi Hayashi, Naoki Iwata, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Kenta Murotani, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Do serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 levels serve as prognostic indicators in patients with gastric cancer (GC)? This is a question that has long been disputed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of perioperative serum levels of CEA and CA19-9 for predicting the recurrence and long-term survival after patients with pT2-4 GC undergo curative gastrectomy. METHODS: This study included 251 patients with radically resected pT2-4 GC without preoperative treatment...
April 26, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441658/risk-factors-for-anastomotic-leakage-of-esophagojejunostomy-after-laparoscopy-assisted-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#17
Masanori Oshi, Chikara Kunisaki, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Takashi Kosaka, Hirotoshi Akiyama, Itaru Endo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to clarify the risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: In this study, we enrolled 131 patients with preoperatively diagnosed early gastric cancer who underwent LATG by a single surgeon between June 2006 and February 2014 at the Department of Surgery, Gastroenterological Center, Yokohama City University. Risk factors for anastomotic leakage (esophagojejunostomy) after LATG were retrospectively evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses...
April 26, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384642/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-and-reinterventions-for-post-pancreatoduodenectomy-hemorrhage-retrospective-analysis
#18
Wei-Guo Wang, Lan Fu, Shah Ram Babu, Li Wang, Cui-Ping Liang, Bo-Le Tian
AIMS: To analyze the incidence of and risk factors for post-pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) hemorrhage (PPH) and to evaluate the outcomes of reinterventions for PPH. METHODS: All PDs between January 2009 and December 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. PPH was evaluated according to the criteria of the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery. Both univariate and multivariate analyses of risk factors for PPH and mortality were performed. Reinterventions were also evaluated...
April 7, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380478/anal-function-after-surgery-for-low-lying-rectal-cancer-comparison-of-mechanical-and-hand-sewn-coloanal-anastomosis
#19
Rie Matsunaga, Yuji Nishizawa, Norio Saito, Mitsuru Yokota, Ryuichi Hayashi, Masaaki Ito
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mechanical coloanal anastomosis (MCAA) or hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis (HCAA) are used in anus-preserving surgery for low-lying rectal cancer. Either method can be used if the lower edge of the tumor is 4-6 cm from the anal verge. The goal of this study was to evaluate differences in the anal function after MCAA or HCAA. METHODS: The subjects were 305 consecutive patients with primary rectal cancer tumors situated 4-6 cm from the anal verge who underwent curative anus-preserving surgery between 2004 and 2013...
April 6, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376488/laparoscopic-versus-hybrid-approach-for-treatment-of-incisional-ventral-hernia
#20
Mirella Ahonen-Siirtola, Tero Rautio, Fausto Biancari, Pasi Ohtonen, Jyrki Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a hybrid approach (HA) versus laparoscopy in reducing the risk of complications related to complex adhesiolysis in incisional ventral hernia repair (IVHR). METHODS: This study included 269 adult patients who underwent laparoscopic IVHR at the Oulu University Hospital, Finland during 2006-2012. Baseline, operative and postoperative data was collected and compared between the treatment groups; that is, a comparison was made between the laparoscopic approach (LA, 38 patients) and the hybrid approach (HA, 24 patients)...
April 5, 2017: Digestive Surgery
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