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Digestive Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441659/perioperative-serum-carcinoembryonic-antigen-levels-predict-recurrence-and-survival-of-patients-with-pathological-t2-4-gastric-cancer-treated-with-curative-gastrectomy
#1
Hiroaki Uda, Mitsuro Kanda, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Kenichi Inaoka, Yuri Tanaka, Masamichi Hayashi, Naoki Iwata, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Kenta Murotani, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Do serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 levels serve as prognostic indicators in patients with gastric cancer (GC)? This is a question that has long been disputed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of perioperative serum levels of CEA and CA19-9 for predicting the recurrence and long-term survival after patients with pT2-4 GC undergo curative gastrectomy. METHODS: This study included 251 patients with radically resected pT2-4 GC without preoperative treatment...
April 26, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441658/risk-factors-for-anastomotic-leakage-of-esophagojejunostomy-after-laparoscopy-assisted-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#2
Masanori Oshi, Chikara Kunisaki, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Takashi Kosaka, Hirotoshi Akiyama, Itaru Endo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to clarify the risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: In this study, we enrolled 131 patients with preoperatively diagnosed early gastric cancer who underwent LATG by a single surgeon between June 2006 and February 2014 at the Department of Surgery, Gastroenterological Center, Yokohama City University. Risk factors for anastomotic leakage (esophagojejunostomy) after LATG were retrospectively evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses...
April 26, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384642/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-and-reinterventions-for-post-pancreatoduodenectomy-hemorrhage-retrospective-analysis
#3
Wei-Guo Wang, Lan Fu, Shah Ram Babu, Li Wang, Cui-Ping Liang, Bo-Le Tian
AIMS: To analyze the incidence of and risk factors for post-pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) hemorrhage (PPH) and to evaluate the outcomes of reinterventions for PPH. METHODS: All PDs between January 2009 and December 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. PPH was evaluated according to the criteria of the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery. Both univariate and multivariate analyses of risk factors for PPH and mortality were performed. Reinterventions were also evaluated...
April 7, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380478/anal-function-after-surgery-for-low-lying-rectal-cancer-comparison-of-mechanical-and-hand-sewn-coloanal-anastomosis
#4
Rie Matsunaga, Yuji Nishizawa, Norio Saito, Mitsuru Yokota, Ryuichi Hayashi, Masaaki Ito
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mechanical coloanal anastomosis (MCAA) or hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis (HCAA) are used in anus-preserving surgery for low-lying rectal cancer. Either method can be used if the lower edge of the tumor is 4-6 cm from the anal verge. The goal of this study was to evaluate differences in the anal function after MCAA or HCAA. METHODS: The subjects were 305 consecutive patients with primary rectal cancer tumors situated 4-6 cm from the anal verge who underwent curative anus-preserving surgery between 2004 and 2013...
April 6, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376488/laparoscopic-versus-hybrid-approach-for-treatment-of-incisional-ventral-hernia
#5
Mirella Ahonen-Siirtola, Tero Rautio, Fausto Biancari, Pasi Ohtonen, Jyrki Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a hybrid approach (HA) versus laparoscopy in reducing the risk of complications related to complex adhesiolysis in incisional ventral hernia repair (IVHR). METHODS: This study included 269 adult patients who underwent laparoscopic IVHR at the Oulu University Hospital, Finland during 2006-2012. Baseline, operative and postoperative data was collected and compared between the treatment groups; that is, a comparison was made between the laparoscopic approach (LA, 38 patients) and the hybrid approach (HA, 24 patients)...
April 5, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343221/abandoning-prophylactic-abdominal-drainage-after-hepatic-surgery-10-years-of-no-drain-policy-in-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-environment
#6
Edgar M Wong-Lun-Hing, Victor van Woerden, Toine M Lodewick, Marc H A Bemelmans, Steven W M Olde Damink, Cornelis H C Dejong, Ronald M van Dam
BACKGROUND: Routine prophylactic abdominal drainage after hepatic surgery is still being debated, as it may be unnecessary, possibly harmful, and uncomfortable for patients. This study evaluated the safety of a no-drain policy after liver resection within an Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) programme. METHODS: All hepatectomies performed without prophylactic drainage during 2005-2014 were included. Primary end points were resection-surface-related (RSR) morbidity, defined as the presence of postoperative biloma, hemorrhage or abscess, and reinterventions...
March 25, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319941/short-term-outcomes-after-simultaneous-colorectal-and-major-hepatic-resection-for-synchronous-colorectal-liver-metastases
#7
Yoshihiro Ono, Akio Saiura, Junichi Arita, Yu Takahashi, Michiro Takahashi, Yosuke Inoue
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Resection of the liver is the standard therapeutic approach for patients with hepatic metastasis and is the only therapy with curative potential. The optimal timing of surgical resection for synchronous metastases has remained controversial. METHODS: From January 1993 to December 2008, our strategy has been to use simultaneous resection for resectable synchronous colorectal and liver metastases. During this period, 115 patients underwent simultaneous colorectal and hepatic resection...
March 21, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315875/systematic-review-of-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency-after-gastrectomy-for-cancer
#8
Jennifer Straatman, Jim Wiegel, Nicole van der Wielen, E P Jansma, Miguel A Cuesta, Donald L van der Peet
BACKGROUND: Survival rates after a total gastrectomy with adequate lymphadenectomy are improving, leading to a shift in outcomes of interest from survival to postoperative outcomes and symptoms. In this systematic review, we investigate gastrointestinal symptoms that occur after a gastrectomy in relation to exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and the effect of pancreatic exocrine enzyme supplementation on these symptoms. METHODS: Online databases PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
March 18, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301853/chronic-mesenteric-ischemia-patient-outcomes-using-open-surgical-revascularization
#9
Markus U Wagenhäuser, Yvonne K Meyer-Janiszewski, Philip Dueppers, Joshua M Spin, Nikolaos Floros, Hubert Schelzig, Mansur Duran
BACKGROUND: Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare disease. Open treatment (OT) remains a valuable treatment option. We analyzed patient outcomes after OT and investigated health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Data were analyzed retrospectively. The investigation period was from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2014. We investigated mortality and patency rates using Kaplan-Meier analysis. HRQoL was measured using a 36-item health survey. Various statistical methods were employed...
March 17, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288461/clinical-pattern-of-recurrent-disease-during-the-follow-up-of-rectal-carcinoma
#10
Thijs Wieldraaijer, Pascal Bruin, Laura A M Duineveld, Pieter J Tanis, Anke B Smits, Henk C P M van Weert, Jan Wind
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several initiatives have started to transfer colorectal cancer follow-up (FU) from secondary to primary care. For this purpose, it is important to assess when and how recurrences of rectal carcinoma are detected after treatment with curative intent. METHODS: Retrospective multicentre cohort study. Patients participating in an FU programme after curative intended treatment for rectal cancer stages I-III between 2007 and 2014. RESULTS: Of the 378 patients, 64 (17%) developed recurrent disease (RD)...
March 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278493/management-and-outcomes-of-pancreatic-resections-performed-in-high-volume-referral-and-low-volume-community-hospitals-lead-by-surgeons-who-shared-the-same-mentor-the-importance-of-training
#11
Giovanni Capretti, Gianpaolo Balzano, Luca Gianotti, Marco Stella, Giovanni Ferrari, Paolo Baccari, Walter Zuliani, Marco Braga, Alessandro Zerbi
BACKGROUND: High hospital volume improves outcomes after pancreatic resection. The aim of this study was to assess if practice and outcomes differed between high- and low-volume centers across which chief surgeons shared a similar training and mentoring. METHODS: Data on patients undergoing standard pancreatic resections (2010-2013) at 7 Italian hospitals were collected. Chiefs of pancreatic surgery at each hospital had received the same training, with the same mentor...
March 10, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226330/nutritional-recovery-after-open-and-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer-a-prospective-multicenter-comparative-trial-ccog1204
#12
Hidenobu Matsushita, Chie Tanaka, Kenta Murotani, Kazunari Misawa, Seiji Ito, Yuichi Ito, Mitsuro Kanda, Yoshinari Mochizuki, Kiyoshi Ishigure, Toyohisa Yaguchi, Jin Teramoto, Hiroshi Nakayama, Yoshihisa Kawase, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Little information from prospective clinical trials is available on the influences of surgical approaches on postoperative body compositions and nutritional status. We designed a prospective non-randomized trial to compare postoperative chronological changes in body composition and nutritional status between laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for stage I gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Body compositions and nutritional indicators in blood tests were measured at the baseline and at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 12th postoperative months (POM)...
February 23, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219066/intraoperative-identification-of-colonic-tumor-sites-using-a-near-infrared-fluorescence-endoscopic-imaging-system-and-indocyanine-green
#13
Makoto Watanabe, Masahiko Murakami, Yoshiaki Ozawa, Sota Yoshizawa, Nobuaki Matsui, Takeshi Aoki
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of the PINPOINT® Endoscopic Fluorescence Imaging System (PINPOINT) for intraoperative identification of colonic tumor sites during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with colorectal cancer were prospectively enrolled. Preoperatively, 0.5 mL of indocyanine green (ICG; 2.5 mg/mL) was injected into the submucosal space only at the distal side of the tumor under colonoscopy...
February 21, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196361/introduction-of-robotic-surgery-into-a-community-hospital-setting-a-prospective-comparison-of-robotic-and-open-colorectal-resection-for-cancer
#14
Marek Zawadzki, Małgorzata Krzystek-Korpacka, Marek Rząca, Roman Czarnecki, Zbigniew Obuszko, Wojciech Witkiewicz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare robotic colorectal surgery (RCS) performed by a team having limited expertise in robotic surgery with open colorectal surgery (OCS) performed by experienced colorectal surgeons. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative nonrandomized study. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and June 2015, 79 patients with colon and rectal adenocarcinoma were enrolled into the study. Of these, 41 patients underwent OCS and 38 underwent RCS...
February 15, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196355/the-straightened-splenic-vessels-method-improves-surgical-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#15
Yuichi Nagakawa, Yatsuka Sahara, Yuichi Hosokawa, Chie Takishita, Kazuhiko Kasuya, Akihiko Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: In laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP), isolating the splenic artery and vein requires advanced techniques. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a novel method termed the 'straightened splenic vessels' (SSV) method for isolating the splenic vessels in LDP. METHODS: In SSV, to adjust the instrument axis, the splenic artery was straightened by grasping 2 points of its nerve sheath. Then, the layer between the splenic artery's nerve sheath and the pancreatic parenchyma was dissected...
February 15, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196354/effect-of-age-on-liver-function-in-patients-undergoing-partial-hepatectomy
#16
T M Lodewick, P H Alizai, R M van Dam, A A J Roeth, M Schmeding, C Heidenhain, A Andert, N Gassler, C H C Dejong, U P Neumann
BACKGROUND: Postresectional liver failure is the most frequent cause of fatal outcome following liver surgery. Diminished preoperative liver function in the elderly might contribute to this. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate preoperative liver function in patients <60 or >70 years of age scheduled for liver resection. METHODS: All consecutive patients aged <60 or >70 years who are about to undergo elective liver surgery between 2011 and 2013 and underwent the methacetin breath liver function test (LiMAx) preoperatively were included...
February 15, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196353/importance-of-screening-for-esophagogastric-varices-in-na%C3%A3-ve-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-within-milan-criteria-indicator-for-liver-transplantation
#17
Takamasa Kawakami, Atsushi Hiraoka, Kojiro Michitaka, Tomoyuki Ninomiya, Masashi Hirooka, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond Milan criteria (MC) are not eligible for liver transplantation (LT). To elucidate prognostic factors significantly linked to recurrence beyond MC or death related to the liver, we evaluated the clinical features in a series of HCC patients within MC at baseline. METHODS: We enrolled 255 naïve HCC patients (≤70 years) within the MC who underwent upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy, and were treated with resection or radiofrequency ablation (62 years old [median]; male:female = 202:53; Child-Pugh A:B = 216:39)...
February 15, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196352/risk-factor-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-radical-gastrectomy-in-the-context-of-fatty-pancreas
#18
Yuya Sato, Mikito Inokuchi, Sho Otsuki, Yoshitaka Fujimori, Kazuyuki Kojima
BACKGROUND: We suspected that fatty pancreas, accompanied with metabolic syndrome, may be associated with the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after radial gastrectomy. METHODS: Between February 2012 and March 2014, we reviewed consecutive 79 gastric cancer patients who underwent radical gastrectomy. To quantify the degree of fatty infiltration to pancreas by preoperative contrast-enhanced CT, we measured ratios and differences between pancreatic and splenic attenuation values (P/S and P-S, respectively)...
February 15, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183095/clinical-impact-of-intrathoracic-herniation-of-gastric-tube-pull-up-via-the-retrosternal-route-following-esophagectomy
#19
Norihisa Uemura, Tetsuya Abe, Jiro Kawakami, Takahiro Hosoi, Seiji Ito, Yasuhiro Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Intrathoracic herniation of gastric tube (IHGT) pull-up via the retrosternal route is a rare complication following esophagectomy, which is caused due to an injury in the parietal pleura during a blunt dissection of the retrosternal space. However, little is known regarding the clinical impact of IHGT pull-up via the retrosternal route. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 231 patients receiving gastric tube reconstruction via the retrosternal route following esophagectomy were collected from medical charts...
February 10, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183090/stoma-complications-corticosteroid-and-silver-nitrate-resistant-inflammation-successfully-treated-with-topical-tacrolimus
#20
Emanuele Verga, Brinder Chohan, Roberto Verdolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Digestive Surgery
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