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Digestive Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130978/peritoneal-seeding-after-gastric-perforation-during-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-gastric-cancer
#1
Motohiro Hirao, Takuya Yamada, Tomoki Michida, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Takuya Hamakawa, Eiji Mita, Masayuki Mano, Mitsugu Sekimoto
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Since the risk of cancer cells seeding the peritoneum after perforation during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is unclear, we retrospectively examined peritoneal relapse after gastric perforation during ESD for gastric cancer at a single institution. METHODS: Of 876 patients who underwent ESD for early gastric cancer between January 2002 and December 2015, 22 patients (2.5%) experienced gastric perforation during ESD at the Osaka National Hospital in Osaka, Japan...
November 8, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131024/evaluation-of-anastomotic-leak-after-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-typical-time-point-of-occurrence-mode-of-diagnosis-value-of-routine-radiocontrast-agent-studies-and-therapeutic-options
#2
Benjamin Struecker, Andreas Andreou, Sascha Chopra, Ann-Christin Heilmann, Johanna Spenke, Christian Denecke, Igor Maximilian Sauer, Marcus Bahra, Johann Pratschke, Matthias Biebl
BACKGROUND: Data on the typical time point of occurrence of anastomotic leak (AL) after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer are currently scarce. Therefore, the usefulness of routine radiocontrast agent studies (RRCS) for testing proper healing of the anastomosis after esophagectomy remains unclear. Furthermore, preferred available tools to diagnose postoperative AL and therapeutic options are still under debate. METHODS: We present a retrospective analysis of 328 consecutive patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer between 2005 and 2015...
November 7, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131098/implementation-of-a-new-high-volume-circular-stapler-in-stapled-anopexy-for-hemorrhoidal-disease-is-patient-s-short-term-outcome-affected-by-a-higher-volume-of-resected-tissue
#3
Brechtje A Grotenhuis, Joost Nonner, Eelco J R de Graaf, Pascal G Doornebosch
BACKGROUND: Stapled anopexy is a safe technique for the treatment of hemorrhoids but carries a higher risk of recurrence, which might be caused due to the limited volume of resected tissue. In this study, we investigated the introduction of a high-volume circular stapling device; in particular whether an increased amount of resected tissue could affect patients' short-term postoperative outcome. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, stapled anopexy was performed for hemorrhoids and/or anal prolapse in 141 patients (n = 25 conventional PPH-3©-stapler versus n = 116 high-volume CHEX©-stapler)...
November 2, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130979/18f-famt-pet-is-useful-to-distinguish-between-specific-uptake-and-nonspecific-uptake-compared-to-18f-flourodeoxyglucose-position-emission-tomography-in-esophageal-cancer-patients
#4
Makoto Sohda, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Hiroaki Honjyo, Keigo Hara, Daigo Ozawa, Makoto Sakai, Takehiko Yokobori, Tetsuya Higuchi, Yoshito Tsushima, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND: L-[3-18F]-α-methyltyrosine (18F-FAMT) solely accumulates in tumor cells via an amino acid transport system. This selective uptake pattern results in a very high tumor-to-background ratio, enabling clear delineation of the tumor. The purpose of the present study was to assess the significance of 18F-FAMT PET, which shows little nonspecific uptake compared to 18F-flourodeoxyglucose position emission tomography (FDG PET) in esophageal cancer patients. METHODOLOGY: PET-CT studies with 18F-FAMT and 18F-FDG were performed as part of pretreatment work-up in 82 patients with histologically confirmed esophageal cancer...
November 2, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130989/preoperative-nutritional-optimization-for-crohn-s-disease-patients-can-improve-surgical-outcome
#5
Yael Dreznik, Nir Horesh, Mordechai Gutman, Aviad Gravetz, Imri Amiel, Harel Jacobi, Oded Zmora, Danny Rosin
BACKGROUND: Preoperative preparation of patients with Crohn's disease is challenging and there are no specific guidelines regarding nutritional support. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative nutritional support influenced the postoperative outcome. METHODS: A retrospective, cohort study including all Crohn's disease patients who underwent abdominal surgery between 2008 and 2014 was conducted. Patients' characteristics and clinical and surgical data were recorded and analyzed...
November 1, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084394/metastatic-malignancy-to-the-colon-and-rectum-a-report-of-14-cases-from-one-single-institute
#6
Chi-Chun Lin, Chun-Chi Lin, Wei-Shone Chen, Tzu-Chen Lin, Jen-Kou Lin, Jeng-Kai Jiang
BACKGROUND: Metastatic malignancy occurs rarely in the colon or rectum. We presented 14 patients with colorectal metastasis (CRM). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on a computerized colorectal tumor database at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital from January 2000 to June 2013. RESULTS: The incidence of CRM was 0.19% (14 in 7,524 patients). There were 6 males and 8 females with a mean age of 66.9 ± 13.6 years. Origins of the CRM included lung cancers (n = 3), prostate cancers (n = 2), and others (n = 1, respectively)...
October 31, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084404/predictive-values-of-c-reactive-protein-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-detecting-anastomotic-leak-in-open-colorectal-surgery
#7
Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Angelo Zinellu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084398/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-predictive-values-of-c-reactive-protein-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-detecting-anastomotic-leak-in-open-colorectal-surgery
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073613/impact-of-the-flotrac-vigileotm-monitoring-on-intraoperative-fluid-management-and-outcome-after-liver-resection
#9
Enrico Giustiniano, Fabio Procopio, Nadia Ruggieri, Stefania Grimaldi, Guido Torzilli, Ferdinando Raimondi
BACKGROUNDS: Perioperative fluid-therapy is a still a debated issue. In hepatic surgery, volume load must be strictly monitored to assure both a safe hemodynamics and low central venous pressure (CVP) to limit the backflow bleeding. Retrospectively, we compared intraoperative fluid management before and after the adoption of a semi-invasive hemodynamic monitoring. METHODS: We compared patients submitted to liver resection monitored by FloTrac/VigileoTM (group A) vs...
October 26, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050033/expert-panel-statement-on-laparoscopic-living-donor-hepatectomy
#10
Ho-Seong Han, Jai Young Cho, Hironori Kaneko, Go Wakabayashi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto, Olivier Soubrane, Chee-Chien Yong, Chao-Long Chen, Tan To Cheung, Giulio Belli, Shoji Kubo, Yao-Ming Wu, Kuo-Hsin Chen, Roberto I Troisi, Choon Hyuck David Kwon, Kyung-Suk Suh, Arvinder S Soin, Ki-Hun Kim, Daniel Cherqui
BACKGROUND: With improvements in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) techniques and the increased experience of surgeons in laparoscopic major liver resection, laparoscopic donor hepatectomy is performed increasingly. Therefore, expert opinion on this procedure is required. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to report the current status and summarize the expert opinion on laparoscopic donor hepatectomy. METHODS: An expert consensus meeting was held on September 8, 2016, in Seoul, Korea...
October 20, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032378/survey-results-of-the-expert-meeting-on-laparoscopic-living-donor-hepatectomy-and-literature-review
#11
Jai Young Cho, Ho-Seong Han, Hironori Kaneko, Go Wakabayashi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto, Olivier Soubrane, Chee-Chien Yong, Chao-Long Chen, Tan To Cheung, Giulio Belli, Shoji Kubo, Yao-Ming Wu, Kuo-Hsin Chen, Roberto I Troisi, Choon Hyuck David Kwon, Kyung-Suk Suh, Arvinder S Soin, Ki-Hun Kim, Daniel Cherqui
BACKGROUND: Because laparoscopic donor surgery has been successful in pediatric living donor liver transplantation, its application is expanding to right hepatectomy. However, there is no consensus on the indications for laparoscopic donor hepatectomy or on the details of the surgical technique. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current status of laparoscopic donor hepatectomy and to summarize the expert opinion on it. METHODS: Before the expert meeting on September 8, 2016, in Seoul, Korea, a survey was undertaken from expert liver surgeons from around the world...
October 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032374/the-alpps-approach-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-impact-of-kras-mutation-status-in-survival
#12
Matteo Serenari, Fernando Andres Alvarez, Victoria Ardiles, Martin de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj, Eduardo de Santibañes
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutations influence survival after hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). However, their prognostic significance has never been evaluated in patients who undergo Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein occlusion for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS). METHODS: Between June 2011 and March 2016, 26 patients underwent ALPPS for CRLM. Complications were classified according to the Clavien-Dindo classification...
October 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032372/parenchymal-sparing-surgery-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-multiple-colorectal-liver-metastases-is-a-safer-approach-than-major-hepatectomy-not-impairing-patients-prognosis-a-bi-institutional-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#13
Matteo Donadon, Matteo Cescon, Alessandro Cucchetti, Matteo Cimino, Guido Costa, Benedetta Pesi, Giorgio Ercolani, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Guido Torzilli
BACKGROUND: The performance of parenchymal-sparing hepatectomy (PSH) versus major hepatectomy (MH) in patients with multiple colorectal liver metastases (CLM) is a matter that is yet debated. We investigated the outcome of patients with multiple CLM undergoing PSH instead of MH. METHODS: Databases at 2 institutions were reviewed. A propensity score-matched analysis was applied. Among 554 patients, 110 undergoing PSH and 110 undergoing MH were matched. They were similar in baseline characteristics, comorbidity, and tumor features...
October 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017165/feasibility-of-segmental-colectomy-followed-by-endoscopic-surveillance-as-a-treatment-strategy-for-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-lynch-syndrome
#14
Toshiya Nagasaki, Masami Arai, Akiko Chino, Takashi Akiyoshi, Yosuke Fukunaga, Masashi Ueno
BACKGROUND: Initial surgical procedures for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with Lynch syndrome remain controversial. This study assessed the validity of segmental colectomy (SGC) followed by endoscopic surveillance as a treatment strategy for CRC patients with Lynch syndrome. METHODS: Among consecutive patients who underwent surgery for primary CRC between April 1985 and December 2014, 49 patients were observed to have germline mutations in a mismatch repair gene, and 38 patients who underwent SGC followed by periodic endoscopic surveillance at our institution were evaluated for metachronous CRC, need for secondary surgery, and the details of endoscopic surveillance...
October 10, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934741/successful-management-of-a-positive-air-leak-test-during-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#15
Kazuhito Sasaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Hiroaki Nozawa, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Koji Murono, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Anastomotic leakage remains the most serious complications of colorectal surgery. To prevent colorectal anastomotic leakage (CAL), an air leak test (ALT) with intraoperative colonoscopy (IOCS) is performed to detect mechanically insufficient colorectal anastomoses. The approaches to an intraoperative anastomotic air leak (IOAL) have not been fully investigated. This study aimed to clarify the safe management of an IOAL in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: One hundred forty-eight consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic resection with double-stapling technique (DST) anastomosis for left-sided colorectal cancer between April 2015 and June 2016 were included and retrospectively reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926836/percutaneous-biliary-balloon-dilation-impact-of-an-institutional-three-session-protocol-on-patients-with-benign-anastomotic-strictures-of-hepatojejunostomy
#16
Matias E Czerwonko, Pablo Huespe, Oscar Mazza, Martin de Santibanes, Rodrigo Sanchez-Claria, Juan Pekolj, Miguel Ciardullo, Eduardo de Santibanes, Sung Ho Hyon
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous biliary balloon dilation (PBBD) stands as a safe, useful, and inexpensive treatment procedure performed on patients with benign anastomotic stricture of Roux-en-Y hepatojejunostomy (BASH). However, the optimal mode of application is still under discussion. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted including patients admitted between 2008 and 2015 with diagnosis of BASH. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group I (n = 22), included patients treated after the implementation of an institutional protocol of 3 PBBD sessions within a fixed time interval and group II (n = 24) consisted of our historical control of patients who underwent one or 2 dilation sessions...
September 20, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903105/salvage-hepatectomy-for-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-radiofrequency-ablation-and-or-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Tatsuya Orimo, Toshiya Kamiyama, Hideki Yokoo, Kenji Wakayama, Shingo Shimada, Takahiro Einama, Hirofumi Kamachi, Akinobu Taketomi
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term surgical outcomes of salvage hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and/or transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: We reviewed the surgical outcomes of 90 recurrent HCC patients after RFA and/or TACE (salvage group) and 490 HCC patients without preoperative treatment (primary group). We performed 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) between the 2 groups and matched 87 patients in each group...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892808/safety-and-feasibility-of-a-laparoscopy-assisted-non-anatomic-resection-technique-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-located-at-right-posterior-segments-in-cirrhotic-patients-a-case-controlled-study-with-propensity-score-matching
#18
Haosheng Jin, Zi Yin, Yu Zhou, Tingting Ma, Zhixiang Jian
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted resection for right posterior segment (LAR-RPS) with open resection (OR-RPS) performed by experienced hepatobiliary surgeons. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative nonrandomized study. RESULTS: The groups were comparable in terms of baseline demographics and clinicopathological data. Reduced operative time (254.88 ± 78.56 vs. 347...
September 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858867/pretreatment-serum-carbohydrate-antigen-19-9-concentration-is-a-predictor-of-survival-of-patients-who-have-undergone-curative-resection-of-stage-iv-rectal-cancer
#19
Hisanori Miki, Takashi Akiyoshi, Atsushi Ogura, Toshiya Nagasaki, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Yoshiya Fujimoto, Satoshi Nagayama, Hisashi Noma, Akio Saiura, Yosuke Fukunaga, Masashi Ueno
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether pretreatment carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen (CA)19-9 are useful predictors of survival in patients with stage IV rectal cancer who have undergone curative resection. METHODS: In this retrospective study, data on 73 patients who had undergone curative resection of stage IV rectal cancer were reviewed. Associations between various clinicopathological factors and survival outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: According to univariate analysis, elevated pretreatment CA19-9 (p = 0...
September 1, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848205/prognostic-impact-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-after-hepatic-resection-for-synchronous-and-early-metachronous-colorectal-liver-metastases
#20
Yujiro Nishioka, Jin Moriyama, Shuichiro Matoba, Hiroya Kuroyanagi, Masaji Hashimoto, Junichi Shindoh
BACKGROUND: Although the usefulness of adjuvant chemotherapy has been established in the treatment for stages II/III colorectal cancer, its prognostic advantage for colorectal liver metastases (CLM) remains controversial. METHODS: Two hundred and nine patients who underwent curative resection for CLM were reviewed. The potential advantage of adjuvant chemotherapy was investigated in 3 groups stratified by disease-free interval (DFI): synchronous CLM (S-CLM), early metachronous CLM (EM-CLM, DFI ≤1 year), and late metachronous CLM (LM-CLM, DFI >1 year)...
August 19, 2017: Digestive Surgery
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