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Public Health Nursing

Seong-Soo Huh, Hee-Young Kang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an educational program on disaster nursing competency among Korean nursing students. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A quasi-experimental design with a nonequivalent control group was used. We randomly assigned 60 junior nursing students from two nursing colleges in Korea to an experimental group (n = 30) and a control group (n = 30). MEASURES: A disaster educational program for nursing students was developed based on the International Council of Nurses framework of disaster nursing competencies...
November 5, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Heidi Klippert, Ana Schaper
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scholarly project was to answer the following question: What is the highest level of engagement achieved with a mammography campaign on Facebook? DESIGN AND SAMPLE: An Idaho public health department implemented a tailored message mammography campaign on Facebook during Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Target sample for the Facebook campaign were women and men over the age of 40 in rural Idaho. MEASURES: Data collected from Facebook were used to measure and stratify engagement into a hierarchy of six levels, with intent to get a mammogram representing the highest level of engagement...
October 29, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Jillian J Weber
Homelessness is associated with poorer health status, and affects men, women, children, and veterans alike across the United States. With over half a million-people suffering from homelessness on any given night, it is imperative that the health care delivery system step in to help this vulnerable group. Registered nurses encounter people experiencing homelessness in hospitals, clinics, shelters, and across the public health sector. They have the necessary skills to help make positive health-related changes for homeless populations and improve their overall quality of life...
October 23, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Yoon-Jin Park, Yoomi Jung, Chung-Uk Oh
OBJECTIVE: This study is to examine the relations between the blood lead level, which has an effect on lipid metabolism in the body, and metabolic syndrome to establish a basic reference for the development of a local community health management program. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study is a descriptive correlational study about verifying the relation between the blood lead level and metabolic syndrome risk factors. A total of 2,833 respondents' data were sampled on the 1st year (2016) data of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted by the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
October 21, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Cynthia M Richburg, Jeremy Slagley
OBJECTIVE: Noise associated with nontraditional gas industry (NTGI) sites (e.g., hydraulic fracturing well pads, compressor stations, processing plants) may create disturbances and anxiety in rural populations. This study evaluated levels of concern among residents of Southwestern Pennsylvania residing near NTGI sites. DESIGN: Noise measurements were collected inside and outside residences, and surveys were administered to residents. RESULTS: Daytime instantaneous sound levels ranged between 45...
October 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Erin Jones, Mallory Loomis, Shalise Mealey, Meagan Newman, Holly Schroder, Ashlynn Smith, Mihkaila Wickline
A shelter for trafficked women has unique infection control needs that require a comprehensive infection control plan, balancing the needs of infection prevention with respect for the vulnerable population served. Using a trauma-informed model and evidence from infection control in other shelter settings, a group of senior baccalaureate students developed a program in a short-term shelter for commercially sexually exploited individuals that included a written infection control manual, policies and procedures, and staff training...
October 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Krista Jones, Jeff Williams, Heather Sipsma, Crystal Patil
OBJECTIVE: To explore participants' evaluation of an online sexual health intervention posted on Facebook and identify appealing and effective ways to present sexual health content to adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs). DESIGN AND MEASURES: A qualitative approach using peer moderated focus groups was used to elicit reflections on the Facebook site's content, appeal, and ease of navigation. Focus group discussions were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for themes using conventional content analysis...
October 1, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Hacer Alan Dikmen, Seyhan Cankaya, Sema Dereli Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine refugee women's attitudes towards family planning and related factors. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Designed in descriptive and cross-sectional type, the study involved 555 voluntary Syrian refugee women in Turkey. MEASURES: A questionnaire and the Family Planning Attitude Scale (FPAS) were used. Independent Sample T test, ANOVA test, and Pearson's correlation analysis were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A significant association was found between the average FPAS scores with educational status, income level, social security, use of FP methods, spousal support for FP, and training for FP in Syria...
September 27, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Christine M Swoboda, Jason A Benedict, Erinn Hade, Ann Scheck McAlearney, Timothy R Huerta
OBJECTIVES: The Ohio Infant Mortality Reduction Initiative (OIMRI) is a home-visiting program that aims to reduce infant mortality among infants of high-risk black women. This study examined birth outcomes among OIMRI participants and compared program participants to matched non-OIMRI women. DESIGN: Program data were linked to birth records, death records, and Medicaid claims data. Propensity score matching was used to match program participants with like women in Ohio...
September 27, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Min Kyeong Lee, Gisoo Shin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of North Korean female defectors is increasing in South Korea. Women who leave North Korea are exposed to sexual harassments, abuse, and other threats to their survival, which can have a devastating effect on their health. AIMS: In this study, a mobile video intervention program about selected aspects of women`s health was developed specifically for North Korean female defectors; its impact on behavioral change was evaluated. METHODS: A one group pre/posttest design was used with 61 female defectors who participated in the mobile video intervention...
September 27, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Kader Mert, Sena Dilek Aksoy
OBJECTIVE: Sexual abuse of children is an important public health issue. The aim of this study was to provide a multidimensional examination of women over the age of 18 who were exposed to sexual abuse in childhood and the effect of this abuse on their lives. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This qualitative study was conducted over the period June 2015-February 2017. Twenty-three women were gathered by the snowball sampling method. MEASURES: We collected the data using a semi-structured questionnaire and in-depth interviews...
September 25, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Colleen Woolsey, Robin A Narruhn
BACKGROUND: Nursing schools frequently assert the importance of social justice curriculum, but little information is available about specifics for such a class. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe a class that builds a foundation for the understanding of social justice and the pedagogical frameworks on which it rests. METHODS: The authors develop a class grounded in bio-power and structural competency. DISCUSSION: Described are topics presented to students, the rationale for their selection along with class activities and implementation challenges...
September 25, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Elissa Rifai, Ann-Christin Janlöv, Pernilla Garmy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate public health nurses' experiences of using interpreters when meeting with Arabic-speaking first-time mothers. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: An inductive qualitative design was used. Individual interviews were conducted with Swedish public health nurses (n = 11) with experience of working in child health care with interpreters when meeting with Arabic-speaking first-time mothers. MEASURES: Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
September 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Mary E Cramer, Elizabeth K Mollard, Amy L Ford, Kevin A Kupzyk, Fernando A Wilson
OBJECTIVES: (1) Assess feasibility of a smartphone platform intervention combined with Community Health Worker (CHW) reinforcement in rural pregnant women; (2) Obtain data on the promise of the intervention on birth outcomes, patient activation, and medical care adherence; and (3) Explore financial implications of the intervention using return on investment (ROI). SAMPLE: A total of 98 rural pregnant women were enrolled and assigned to intervention or control groups in this two-group experimental design...
September 14, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Sungwon Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Public Health Nursing
Larra Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Public Health Nursing
Wrenetha A Julion, Jen'nea Sumo, Dawn T Bounds
Many studies have examined factors influencing African-American (AA) participation in research studies. But none inform the recruitment of AA men into fatherhood intervention research. Our purpose is to describe the recruitment and enrollment framework of the Dedicated African American Dad (DAAD) Study, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to test a fatherhood intervention against a financial literacy comparison condition. AA nonresident (AANR) fathers are fathers who do not reside with their child on a full-time basis...
September 2018: Public Health Nursing
John P Salerno, Evan McEwing, Yui Matsuda, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Olutola Ogunrinde, Mona Azaiza, Jessica R Williams
BACKGROUND: Public health nursing (PHN) is an essential component of baccalaureate nursing education. In order to build PHN competencies, universities must design and operationalize meaningful clinical activities addressing community and population health. Currently, there is a paucity of literature delineating best practices for promoting competency in PHN. AIMS: The purpose of this manuscript is to describe a PHN-student health fair program as a means for meeting undergraduate PHN curricular standards, and to report results of an evaluation conducted examining its effectiveness in improving community member's health knowledge...
September 2018: Public Health Nursing
Geunmyun Kim, Sunkyung Cha
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to develop a theoretical model to comprehensively explain suicidal ideation in Korean college students by including resilience, belongingness, and college life adjustment in addition to depression and stress. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study was a descriptive survey with 291 college students. MEASURES: Structural equation modeling was used to the hypotheses on this study. RESULTS: Belongingness and depression showed a statistically significant direct effect, and college life stress and belongingness showed a statistically significant indirect effect...
August 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Suzanne Vieira Saintrain, Edgar Gomes Marques Sampaio, Bruno Souza P Ferreira, Taffarel Canuto Nepomuceno, Mirna Albuquerque Frota, Anya Pgf Vieira-Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between ADL and oral health status in older adults. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Quantitative, analytical, cross-sectional research with 280 people aged ≥60 in public primary health care centers in the city of Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil. MEASURES: Collection of sociodemographic data, oral discomfort data, and general health data and application of the Community Oral Health Indicator-COHI and the activities of daily living scale...
July 16, 2018: Public Health Nursing
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