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Public Health Nursing

Elissa Rifai, Ann-Christin Janlöv, Pernilla Garmy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate public health nurses' experiences of using interpreters when meeting with Arabic-speaking first-time mothers. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: An inductive qualitative design was used. Individual interviews were conducted with Swedish public health nurses (n = 11) with experience of working in child health care with interpreters when meeting with Arabic-speaking first-time mothers. MEASURES: Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
September 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Mary E Cramer, Elizabeth K Mollard, Amy L Ford, Kevin A Kupzyk, Fernando A Wilson
OBJECTIVES: (1) Assess feasibility of a smartphone platform intervention combined with Community Health Worker (CHW) reinforcement in rural pregnant women; (2) Obtain data on the promise of the intervention on birth outcomes, patient activation, and medical care adherence; and (3) Explore financial implications of the intervention using return on investment (ROI). SAMPLE: A total of 98 rural pregnant women were enrolled and assigned to intervention or control groups in this two-group experimental design...
September 14, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Geunmyun Kim, Sunkyung Cha
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to develop a theoretical model to comprehensively explain suicidal ideation in Korean college students by including resilience, belongingness, and college life adjustment in addition to depression and stress. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study was a descriptive survey with 291 college students. MEASURES: Structural equation modeling was used to the hypotheses on this study. RESULTS: Belongingness and depression showed a statistically significant direct effect, and college life stress and belongingness showed a statistically significant indirect effect...
August 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Suzanne Vieira Saintrain, Edgar Gomes Marques Sampaio, Bruno Souza P Ferreira, Taffarel Canuto Nepomuceno, Mirna Albuquerque Frota, Anya Pgf Vieira-Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between ADL and oral health status in older adults. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Quantitative, analytical, cross-sectional research with 280 people aged ≥60 in public primary health care centers in the city of Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil. MEASURES: Collection of sociodemographic data, oral discomfort data, and general health data and application of the Community Oral Health Indicator-COHI and the activities of daily living scale...
July 16, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Charlene A Niemi, Alysha M Payne, Ricky Bates
This paper examines the development and implementation of a health literacy/education station at a large free clinic in a metropolitan city in southern California. The station was made possible through a partnership between the leadership team at the clinic and senior nursing students at a large university located in southern California. This paper outlines the importance of health literacy, the partnership between the community health senior nursing students and faculty and a yearly 3-day health clinic, the Core Competencies of Public Health Nursing met by the event, student preparation prior to the event, outcomes, and recommendations for future clinics and for future collaborations...
July 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Thomas MacAndrew English, Todd Brenton Smith, Xiaochuan Song, Marilyn V Whitman
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may be a better alternative to traditional smoking cessation therapies for cigarette smokers. This study explores the barriers traditional smokers face when switching to e-cigarettes. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A convenience sample of adult male and female tobacco and/or e-cigarette smokers (n = 446) were recruited through an online survey. MEASUREMENTS: The survey included questions used to determine the barriers a smoker may experience in regards to their use of e-cigarettes, as well as the characteristics regarding their use of tobacco and/or e-cigarettes...
July 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Rachelle Larsen, Julia Ashley, Tess Ellens, Renee Frauendienst, Karen Jorgensen-Royce, Mary Zelenak
BACKGROUND: Due to the continued shortage of public health nurses, some local public health agencies have begun hiring new graduate baccalaureate nurses into the public health nurse role. These new graduates require an increased level of support for transition to practice. AIMS: The goal of this project was creation of a transition to practice program designed specifically to meet the needs of new graduates hired in public health settings. METHODS: The core competencies of public health nursing were used as a framework to develop this residency program...
June 27, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Nancy Rudner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Melanie Simmer-Beck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Amanda M Emerson, Hsiang-Feng Carroll, Megha Ramaswamy
OBJECTIVE: To model condom usage by jail-incarcerated women incarcerated in US local jails and understand results in terms of fundamental cause theory. DESIGN, SAMPLE, MEASUREMENTS: We surveyed 102 women in an urban jail in the Midwest United States. Chi-square tests and generalized linear modeling were used to identify factors of significance for women who used condoms during last sex compared with women who did not. Stepwise multiple logistic regression was conducted to estimate the relation between the outcome variable and variables linked to condom use in the literature...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Melissa L Horning, Jeanette M Olsen, Shay Lell, Diane R Thorson, Karen A Monsen
OBJECTIVE(S): The purpose of this manuscript was to describe: Public Health Nurse (PHN) home-visited, female client Nutrition Knowledge (K), Behavior (B), and Status (S); the number and types of nutrition interventions PHNs used with these clients; and the types of clients receiving nutrition interventions. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This descriptive study used PHN-generated Omaha System, electronic health record data from January 2012 to July 2015. The analytic sample contains 558 women who received home visits in a rural Midwestern U...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Patricia Leahy-Warren, Mary Rose Day, Lloyd Philpott, Kari Glavin, Edith Roth Gjevjon, Anne Kjersti Myhrene Steffenak, Live S Nordhagen, Hilde Egge, Elizabeth Healy, Helen Mulcahy
BACKGROUND: The Public Health Intervention Wheel (PHIW) is a population-based practice model that encompasses three levels of practice (community, systems, and individual/family) and 17 public health interventions. Each intervention and practice level contributes to improving population health. Public health nurses (PHNs) provide care at the three levels of practice. Prevention of falls is a public health issue and the majority of falls happen at home. Therefore, prevention and management of falls in the community could benefit from a public health systems approach by PHNs underpinned by the PHIW...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Michelle L Myers, Jayne A Fulkerson, Sarah E Friend, Melissa L Horning, Colleen F Flattum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case study is to describe two successful HOME Plus participants and highlight how an intervention with individual and group components can help families make lifestyle changes that result in improvements in child weight status. DESIGN: One hundred and sixty families participated in the HOME Plus study, and were randomized to either a control or intervention group. SAMPLE: Two successful HOME Plus participants were chosen because of their healthful changes in weight status and behavior and high engagement in the program...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Keneshia Bryant-Moore, Tiffany Haynes, Dennis Z Kuo, M Kathryn Stewart, Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary, Johnny Smith, Jerome Turner, Songthip T Ounpraseuth, Greer Sullivan, Stephanie McCoy, Brittany Hudson, Kimberly Harris
OBJECTIVES: A community-academic team implemented a study involving collection of quantitative data using a computer-based audience response system (ARS) whereby community partners led data collection efforts. The team participated in a reflection exercise after the data collection to evaluate and identify best practices and lessons learned about the community partner-led process. DESIGN & SAMPLE: The methods involved a qualitative research consultant who facilitated the reflection exercise that consisted of two focus groups-one academic and one community research team members...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Amy Y Carney
Public Health Nurses are the largest group of public health practitioners in both local and state health departments across the United States. Essential for the delivery of health services in the community, Public Health Nurses frequently provide care for underserved and vulnerable populations. Among these populations are the victims of campus sexual assault, a growing problem on college and university campuses. Both nationally and internationally, sexual assault has been described as a public health and human rights concern...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Lovoria B Williams, Amber McCall, Stephen W Looney, Thomas Joshua, Martha S Tingen
BACKGROUND: Although cancer incidence and mortality is declining, cancer remains among the leading causes of death in the United States. Research shows that cancer morbidity and mortality can be reduced by early detection. Yet, both cancer risks and screening behavior remain understudied in the homeless population. METHODS: Researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey of homeless individuals (n = 201). The analysis describes the demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral associations with cancer screenings and knowledge of the lung cancer screening recommendation...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Mary J Isaacson, Polly A Hulme, Jenna Cowan, Jennifer Kerkvliet
OBJECTIVES: Health systems face resource and time barriers to developing and implementing cancer survivorship care plans (SCPs) when active cancer treatment is completed. To address this problem, the South Dakota (SD) Department of Health partnered with two of SD's largest health systems to create the SD Survivorship Program. The purpose of this program evaluation study was to describe and compare SCP development and implementation at the two health systems. DESIGN & SAMPLE: A descriptive qualitative design was used...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Caroline McGraw, Stephen Abbott, Judy Brook
OBJECTIVES: Values based recruitment emerges from the premise that a high degree of value congruence, or the extent to which an individual's values are similar to those of the health organization in which they work, leads to organizational effectiveness. The aim of this evaluation was to explore how candidates and selection panel members experienced and perceived innovative methods of values based public health nursing student selection. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The evaluation was framed by a qualitative exploratory design involving semi-structured interviews and a group exercise...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Jessica Castner, Gretchen E Gehrke, Nicholas Shapiro, Karen C Dannemiller
OBJECTIVE: This study is the first community engagement phase of a project to develop a residential formaldehyde detection system. The objectives were to conduct a feasibility assessment for device use, and identify factors associated with concerns about environmental exposure and community interest in this device. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional, internet-based survey employing community-based participatory research principles was utilized. 147 individuals participated from a focused Waycross, Georgia (58...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
Kimberly Geria, Janice M Beitz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to increase type 2 diabetes (T2DM) awareness and decrease T2DM risk factors by examining effectiveness of a modified version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) with adolescents. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A quasi-experimental one-group, pretest/posttest design was used to determine impact of the modified DPP on adolescents. Study intervention was incorporated into the health education curriculum at a public charter school and implemented over 11 weeks...
July 2018: Public Health Nursing
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