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Public Health Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084013/the-role-of-snap-in-home-food-availability-and-dietary-intake-among-wic-participants-facing-unstable-housing
#1
Meg Bruening, Darya McClain, Michael Moramarco, Elizabeth Reifsnider
OBJECTIVE: Little nutrition research has been conducted among families with unstable housing. The objective of this study was to examine the role of food stamps (i.e., Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; SNAP) in home food availability and dietary intake among WIC families who experienced unstable housing. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional study among vulnerable families. Low-income, multiethnic families with children participating in WIC (n = 54). MEASURES: Dietary intake was assessed with 24-hr recalls...
January 12, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921331/living-in-limbo-latinas-assessment-of-lower-rio-grande-valley-colonias-communities
#2
DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Patricia A Sharpe, Lourdes Del Castillo-González, Laura Treviño, Deborah Parra-Medina
Community asset mapping (CAM) is the collective process of identifying local assets and strategizing processes to address public health issues and concerns and improve quality of life. Prior to implementing a community-based physical activity intervention with Latinas in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley, promotoras [community health workers] conducted 16 interactive sessions in 8 colonias. The analysis of the transcribed CAM recordings and on-site observational data resulted in the construction of Living in Limbo as the thematic representation of these Latinas' social isolation and marginalization associated with pervasive poverty, undocumented immigration status or lack of citizenship, their fears emanating from threats to physical and emotional safety, and the barriers created by lack of availability and access to resources...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921325/hiv-risk-perception-hiv-knowledge-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-transgender-women-in-south-florida
#3
Joseph P De Santis, Shayne D Hauglum, Diego A Deleon, Elias Provencio-Vasquez, Allan E Rodriguez
OBJECTIVES: Transgender women experience a variety of factors that may contribute to HIV risk. The purpose of this study was to explore links among HIV risk perception, knowledge, and sexual risk behaviors of transgender women. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A descriptive, correlational study design was used. Fifty transgender women from the South Florida area were enrolled in the study. MEASURES: Transgender women completed a demographic questionnaire and standardized instruments measuring HIV risk perception, knowledge, and sexual risk behaviors...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921318/meningococcal-vaccination-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Christopher W Blackwell
Recent outbreaks of meningitis in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Los Angeles, Chicago, New York City, and other locations across the United States have heightened public health concerns regarding the increasing incidence of meningococcal infections in this vulnerable population. MSM have unique risk factors that result in greater threat from certain infectious diseases, including meningococcal infection. Men who have sex with men who are infected with HIV are at even higher risk. This article explores the increased risks among MSM in contracting and communicating meningococcal infection, use of vaccination as primary prevention, and outreach strategies that may help address this issue and lessen the disease burden associated with meningococcal infection in these sexual minorities...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891658/the-impact-of-neighborhood-conditions-and-psychological-distress-on-preterm-birth-in-african-american-women
#5
Carmen Giurgescu, Shannon N Zenk, Thomas N Templin, Christopher G Engeland, Karen Kavanaugh, Dawn P Misra
OBJECTIVE: Prior research suggests that adverse neighborhood conditions are related to preterm birth. One potential pathway by which neighborhood conditions increase the risk for preterm birth is by increasing women's psychological distress. Our objective was to examine whether psychological distress mediated the relationship between neighborhood conditions and preterm birth. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: One hundred and one pregnant African-American women receiving prenatal care at a medical center in Chicago participated in this cross-sectional design study...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862249/a-critical-caring-theory-of-protection-for-migrants-and-seasonal-farmworkers
#6
Jennifer E Shearer
Pesticide exposures represent inequities among a vulnerable population of migrant and seasonal farmworkers. A social justice theory synthesized from an environmental health research framework, a middle range theory of critical caring, and literature on pesticide exposure is presented as a situation-specific public health practice theory. Concepts from the physiological, epistemological, vulnerability, and health protection domains are related to concepts of critical caring revealing protective strategies for vulnerable populations exposed to pesticides...
November 14, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862244/retail-food-store-access-in-rural-appalachia-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Esther Thatcher, Cassandra Johnson, Shannon N Zenk, Pamela Kulbok
OBJECTIVE: To describe how characteristics of food retail stores (potential access) and other factors influence self-reported food shopping behavior (realized food access) among low-income, rural Central Appalachian women. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional descriptive. Potential access was assessed through store mapping and in-store food audits. Factors influencing consumers' realized access were assessed through in-depth interviews. Results were merged using a convergent parallel mixed methods approach...
November 14, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859524/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-for-respiratory-and-hearing-health-among-midwestern-farmers
#8
Mary E Cramer, Mary J Wendl, Harlan Sayles, Ellen Duysen, Chandran Achutan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices for hearing and respiratory health/safety among farmers in seven Midwestern states served by a federally funded Agricultural Center. Findings provided a baseline to longitudinally track the Agricultural Center's program outcomes and to design community education to improve safety and health among farmers. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This was a cross-sectional study using a 30 item mailed survey to describe farmers' operations, demographics, health conditions, related information sources, and knowledge/attitude/practices for personal protective equipment (PPE) (i...
November 14, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807885/perceptions-of-survivorship-care-among-latina-women-with-breast-cancer-in-los-angeles-county
#9
Diana M Tisnado, Carolyn Mendez-Luck, Jenifer Metz, Katelynn Peirce, Brian Montaño
OBJECTIVES: Cancer "survivorship" is a distinct and important aspect of the cancer experience. More research is needed about survivorship care in underserved populations such as Latinas. This study examined issues of breast cancer survivorship care among Latinas to understand their experiences and needs, to inform the design of future programs. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Six English- and six Spanish-language focus groups were conducted, with a nonprobability sample. About 74 Latinas who varied in terms of characteristics including stage, time since diagnosis, and English proficiency were recruited through support groups, health fairs, and promotoras...
November 2, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800632/the-dnp-mph-dual-degree-an-innovative-graduate-education-program-for-advanced-public-health-nursing
#10
Kathy Shaw, Scott Harpin, Geraldine Steinke, Marilyn Stember, Marilyn Krajicek
Strong professional priorities, evolving Affordable Care Act requirements, and a significantly limited public health nursing workforce prompted the University of Colorado College of Nursing to collaborate with the School of Public Health to implement one of the first Doctor of Nursing Practice/Master of Public Health dual degree programs in the nation. Federal grant funding supported the development, implementation, and evaluation of this unique post-baccalaureate dual degree program, for which there were no roadmaps, models, or best practices to follow...
October 31, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070924/reproductive-rights-and-a-new-administration
#11
EDITORIAL
Patricia J Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879806/lead-levels-in-landfill-areas-and-childhood-exposure-an-integrative-review
#12
REVIEW
M Angela Kim, Kimberly A Williams
OBJECTIVE: Landfills are high-risk areas for environmental lead exposure for children living in poverty stricken areas in many countries. This review examines landfills and lead toxicity in children. The review discusses the effects of lead toxicity, provides evidenced based recommendations to reduce lead exposure, and identify gaps in the evidence. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A database search was conducted of articles in English from 1985 to 2014. Ten articles met the inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26782120/the-role-of-cultural-beliefs-in-accessing-antenatal-care-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#13
Joni Roberts, Helen Hopp Marshak, Diadrey-Anne Sealy, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Ron Mataya, Peter Gleason
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization in 2002 recommended a focused antenatal care model of four visits for women in low-income countries. Despite the high percentage of mothers (95%) who see a skilled attendant and the adaptation of the recommended antenatal model, only 46% of Malawian mothers meet the recommendation. The purpose of this study was to identify the cultural beliefs that influence women's antenatal care or pregnancy-related health care decisions. METHODS: Twenty pregnant mothers and eight health workers from two urban tertiary care hospitals in Malawi were recruited to participate in a qualitative study assessing barriers to antenatal care...
January 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870164/reviewers-acknowledgments
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870163/public-health-nurses-in-cancer-care-broadening-the-intersection
#15
EDITORIAL
Pam Baker DeGuzman, Emma M Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723191/factors-associated-with-hpv-vaccination-among-cambodian-american-teenagers
#16
Haeok Lee, Minjin Kim, Peter Kiang, Ling Shi, Kevin Tan, Phala Chea, Sonith Peou, Dorcas C Grigg-Saito
OBJECTIVES: Parents have general influence over their children's health and health behavior. However, given the dearth of specific literature regarding knowledge level and social and cultural factors influencing HPV vaccination behaviors among Cambodian American (CA) parent, it is difficult to develop an effective, evidence-based public health HPV vaccination program. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the HPV vaccine uptakes among CA teenagers and to examine factors influencing HPV vaccine uptakes...
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686780/evaluation-of-a-clinical-cancer-trial-research-training-workshop-helping-nurses-build-capacity-in-southwest-virginia
#17
Camille Burnett, Linda Bullock, Cathleen A Collins, Lindsay Hauser
Residents of Southwest Virginia (SWVA) face significant barriers in accessing the most advanced forms of cancer care, cancer risk reduction, and clinical trials involvement. A collaboration between the University of Virginia (UVA) Cancer Center and UVA School of Nursing was forged with oncology caregivers in this region to build community capacity to support Cancer Clinical trials (CCT) by strengthening the workforce, and thus improving health outcomes for this underserved region of Appalachia. The UVA School of Nursing designed an educational workshop focusing on the basics of CCT to facilitate the development of a skilled nursing workforce in the SWVA region that could provide care to patients on protocol and/or to encourage residents to participate in trials...
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592689/influencing-genomic-change-and-cancer-disparities-through-neighborhood-chronic-toxic-stress-exposure-a-research-framework
#18
Pamela B DeGuzman, Donna L Schminkey
Black Americans have disproportionately higher incidence and mortality rates for many cancers. These disparities may be related to genomic changes that occur from exposure to chronic toxic stress and may result from conditions associated with living in racially segregated neighborhoods with high rates of concentrated poverty. The purpose of this article is to present a nursing research framework for developing and testing neighborhood-level interventions that have the potential to mitigate exposure to neighborhood-associated chronic toxic stress, improve individual-level genomic sequelae and cancer outcomes, and reduce cancer health disparities of Black Americans...
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444141/provider-identified-barriers-to-cervical-cancer-screening-and-perceptions-toward-self-collection-of-human-papillomavirus-in-southwest-virginia
#19
Christine Garcia, Heather Lothamer, Emma McKim Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To explore health care workers identified barriers to cervical cancer screening in rural Southwest Virginia. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A descriptive study utilizing telephone-based structured interviews and conventional content analysis. All free and federally funded health clinics within a 75 mile radius of Virginia's health Districts 1, 2, and 3 were contacted for participation in the study. MEASURES: Organizational information such as composition of clinical staff, services provided, cost of services, recorded compliance with current guidelines, and assessed individual barriers to accessing screening within the community...
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443982/radon-secondhand-smoke-and-children-in-the-home-creating-a-teachable-moment-for-lung-cancer-prevention
#20
Luz Huntington-Moskos, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda Wiggins, Ellen J Hahn
OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether having minor children in the home was associated with the teachable moment (TM) constructs of lung cancer worry, perceived risk, health-related self-concept, and the novel construct of synergistic risk. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Secondary data analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce home exposure to radon and secondhand smoke (SHS). Quota sample of adults recruited at a Central Kentucky academic medical center (N = 556)...
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
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