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Public Health Nursing

Genevieve Maliszewski, Maithe Enriquez, An-Lin Cheng, Pamela Logan, Jennifer Watts
OBJECTIVE: Research on health initiatives for rural batey communities in the Dominican Republic is needed. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study utilized a pretest-posttest design to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a nutritional intervention targeting rural migrant sugarcane families. Participants (N = 310) were primarily female (61%) and ranged in age from 13 to 64 years (M = 25.9; SD = 10.4). A convenience sample was recruited from six rural bateyes in the southern region of the Dominican Republic...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Dahnika Sachs, Jill N Peltzer, Jerrihlyn L McGee
OBJECTIVE: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's culture of health initiative advocates for making health a shared value. Health cannot be a shared value without an understanding of how health is defined and perceived. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine community members' perceptions of health and influencing factors, including health care services. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Data were collected through a purposive sample of nine focus groups with 52 participants who were primarily Black (94%) and female (65%)...
March 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Susan M Swider, Pamela F Levin, Virginia Reising
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this realist review was to examine PHN interventions and their outcomes during the period preceding the Affordable Care Act (1990-2010), to determine what types of interventions demonstrated effectiveness, and whether these were related to target population or setting. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The review focused on PHN interventions with data support documented over 20 years. A search of the published literature using CINHAL, PubMed, and ancestry methods resulted in 64 articles meeting the search criteria...
March 14, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Lisa M Steurer
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is a global initiative of the World Health Organization and the U.S. domestic health agenda, Healthy People 2020; both recommend exclusive breastfeeding, defined as providing breast milk only via breast or bottle, through the first 6 months of an infant's life. Previous literature has shown the correlation between socioeconomic status and breastfeeding, with higher maternal education and income as predictors of sustained breastfeeding. This same population of women is more likely to be employed outside the home...
March 10, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Emma M Mitchell, Emily Sun, Christine Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: Given the degree of public mistrust and provider hesitation regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, it is important to explore how information regarding the vaccine is shared online via social media outlets. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the content of messaging regarding the HPV vaccine on the social media and microblogging site Twitter, and describe the sentiment of those messages. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study utilized a cross-sectional descriptive approach...
March 6, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Yuki Ohashi, Atsuko Taguchi, Junko Omori, Akiko Ozaki
OBJECTIVE: Harnessing community assets may help public health nurses address health inequalities. Cultural factor is one such asset, which is assumed to be capital in a community. Cultural capital is a key concept for understanding the causes of public health issues. This paper provided an in-depth analysis of "cultural capital" as a concept. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Rodgers' evolutionary methodology was used for concept analysis. Forty-two studies published in English between 1998 and 2015 were retrieved from MEDLINE by searching for "cultural capital" in the title field...
March 2, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Karen E Johnson, Mohit Goyal, Amanda J Simonton, Rebecca Richardson, Marian Morris, Lynn Rew
Alternative high school (AHS) students are at-risk for school dropout and engage in high levels of health-risk behaviors that should be monitored over time. They are excluded from most public health surveillance efforts (e.g., Youth Risk Behavior Survey; YRBS), hindering our ability to monitor health disparities and allocate scarce resources to the areas of greatest need. Using active parental consent, we recruited 515 students from 14 AHSs in Texas to take a modified YRBS. We calculated three different participation rates, tracked participation by age of legal consent (≥18 and <18 years), and identified other considerations for obtaining quality data...
February 9, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Zahra Mobasher, Lisa V Smith, Ashley Stegall, Deanna Bressler-Montgomery, Daniela Dominguez, Jan King, Douglas Frye, Jennifer Piron, Leila Family, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand and improve influenza vaccination in low-income populations regardless of their health insurance/immigration status. It assessed client satisfaction and experiences with services provided at community-based "flu outreach" clinics in South Los Angeles. The clinics represent a community-public agency partnership-a model of vaccine delivery that was relatively novel to the region. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: During 2011-2012, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to clients of the local health department's 39 flu outreach clinics in South Los Angeles...
February 9, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Kate Rowan-Robinson
Review question: What is the most effective form of sun protection (including sunscreens) to prevent basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin?
January 31, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Meg Bruening, Darya McClain, Michael Moramarco, Elizabeth Reifsnider
OBJECTIVE: Little nutrition research has been conducted among families with unstable housing. The objective of this study was to examine the role of food stamps (i.e., Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; SNAP) in home food availability and dietary intake among WIC families who experienced unstable housing. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional study among vulnerable families. Low-income, multiethnic families with children participating in WIC (n = 54). MEASURES: Dietary intake was assessed with 24-hr recalls...
January 12, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Laura Anderko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Diana M Tisnado, Carolyn Mendez-Luck, Jenifer Metz, Katelynn Peirce, Brian Montaño
OBJECTIVES: Cancer "survivorship" is a distinct and important aspect of the cancer experience. More research is needed about survivorship care in underserved populations such as Latinas. This study examined issues of breast cancer survivorship care among Latinas to understand their experiences and needs, to inform the design of future programs. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Six English- and six Spanish-language focus groups were conducted, with a nonprobability sample. About 74 Latinas who varied in terms of characteristics including stage, time since diagnosis, and English proficiency were recruited through support groups, health fairs, and promotoras...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Kathy Shaw, Scott Harpin, Geraldine Steinke, Marilyn Stember, Marilyn Krajicek
Strong professional priorities, evolving Affordable Care Act requirements, and a significantly limited public health nursing workforce prompted the University of Colorado College of Nursing to collaborate with the School of Public Health to implement one of the first Doctor of Nursing Practice/Master of Public Health dual degree programs in the nation. Federal grant funding supported the development, implementation, and evaluation of this unique post-baccalaureate dual degree program, for which there were no roadmaps, models, or best practices to follow...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Christine M Eisenhauer, Patricia A Hageman, Sheri Rowland, Betsy J Becker, Susan A Barnason, Carol H Pullen
OBJECTIVE: To examine rural men's use and perceptions of mobile and wireless devices to self-monitor eating and physical activity (mHealth). DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Men in this 3-week pilot study used FitBit One(®) to log daily food intake and monitor activity. A companion application (app) allowed activity monitoring of fellow participants. Health-related text messages were received 1-3 times daily. A purposive sample of 12 rural men (ages 40-67) was recruited by community leaders...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Kelly Buettner-Schmidt, Blake Boursaw, Marie L Lobo, Mark J Travers
OBJECTIVE: In 2012, North Dakota enacted a comprehensive statewide law prohibiting smoking in enclosed public places. Disparities in tobacco control exist in rural areas. This study's objective was to determine the extent to which the passage of a comprehensive, statewide, smoke-free law in a predominantly rural state influenced tobacco smoke pollution in rural and nonrural venues. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A longitudinal cohort design study comparing the levels of tobacco smoke pollution before and after passage of the statewide smoke-free law was conducted in 64 restaurants and bars statewide in North Dakota...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Angela L Matwick, Roberta L Woodgate
Social justice is presented frequently as a core or shared value at the very foundation of nursing practice. Despite its acceptance as a core value, its use is varied and there has been inherent difficulty in establishing a definitive explanation for what is meant by social justice. As such, a clearly defined meaning for the concept of social justice does not exist in contemporary nursing literature. Following the method outlined by Walker and Avant, an analysis of the concept of social justice provides clarity to the meaning of social justice as it is used within the nursing profession, in academia, education, and practice...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Allison Bianchi, Martha Dewey Bergren, Patricia Ryan Lewis
Portland, Oregon is the largest city in the United States without community water fluoridation (CWF). A newspaper analysis was conducted of the failed 2013 CWF campaign to evaluate anti-fluoridation and pro-fluoridation messaging provided by newspapers during the campaign. News content was categorized by type and slant (pro-fluoridation, anti-fluoridation, or neutral) and 34 variables were tabulated (23 anti-fluoridation, 11 pro-fluoridation). Results showed overall messaging was slightly pro-fluoridation, as compared to anti-fluoridation or neutral content (35%, 32%, and 33% respectively)...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Deborah Benes, Jacqueline Dowling, Sybil Crawford, Laura L Hayman
OBJECTIVE: To examine social and environmental factors that affect moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in mid-adolescent Hispanic females. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Secondary data analysis to examine social and environmental level factors related to MVPA levels in (n = 897) mid-adolescent Hispanic females. MEASURES: Data were retrieved from the National Survey of Children's Health (2011/12). Logistic regression was used to estimate associations for factors with MVPA...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Daniela V Puma, Olga Pérez-Quílez, Sílvia Roure, Octavio Martínez-Cuevas, Cristina Bocanegra, Maria Feijoo-Cid, Lluís Valerio
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of active tuberculosis (TB) among household contacts of TB-index cases diagnosed during a 7-year period in a public Primary Care Center located in a high-incidence area. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Data collection was based on the capture-recapture method; the two main sources crossed information from TB-index and contact cases from the El Fondo Primary Care Center (Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Spain) and their reports to the National Epidemiologic Surveillance Service...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
Diane Santa Maria, Christine Markham, Stacy Crandall, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos
OBJECTIVES: While health promotion and patient education are central to the scope of practice of professional nurses, they often feel ill-equipped to assume the role of sexual health educator and lack adequate knowledge and skills to effectively engage parents in adolescent sexual and reproductive health efforts. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Employing a mixed-methods study consisting of both pre- and post-test survey and exit interviews, a pilot study was conducted to assess the impact of implementing a parent-based adolescent sexual health intervention on baccalaureate nursing student outcomes (N = 31)...
March 2017: Public Health Nursing
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