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Public Health Nursing

Christine M Eisenhauer, Patricia A Hageman, Sheri Rowland, Betsy J Becker, Susan A Barnason, Carol H Pullen
OBJECTIVE: To examine rural men's use and perceptions of mobile and wireless devices to self-monitor eating and physical activity (mHealth). DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Men in this 3-week pilot study used FitBit One(®) to log daily food intake and monitor activity. A companion application (app) allowed activity monitoring of fellow participants. Health-related text messages were received 1-3 times daily. A purposive sample of 12 rural men (ages 40-67) was recruited by community leaders...
October 18, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Ellen P Carlin, Nichole Giller, Rebecca Katz
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the population at risk of serious adverse reactions to replicating smallpox vaccine. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Conditions known or suspected to carry risk were identified via Centers for Disease Control and Prevention planning documents, other federal publications, and peer-reviewed literature. Conditions identified were categorized as historically recognized risks or more recently recognized immunocompromised states that may pose risk. Major historical risk factors were as follows: eczema/atopic dermatitis, pregnancy, HIV, and primary immunodeficiency...
October 13, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Haeok Lee, Minjin Kim, Peter Kiang, Ling Shi, Kevin Tan, Phala Chea, Sonith Peou, Dorcas C Grigg-Saito
OBJECTIVES: Parents have general influence over their children's health and health behavior. However, given the dearth of specific literature regarding knowledge level and social and cultural factors influencing HPV vaccination behaviors among Cambodian American (CA) parent, it is difficult to develop an effective, evidence-based public health HPV vaccination program. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the HPV vaccine uptakes among CA teenagers and to examine factors influencing HPV vaccine uptakes...
October 10, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Kelly Buettner-Schmidt, Blake Boursaw, Marie L Lobo, Mark J Travers
OBJECTIVE: In 2012, North Dakota enacted a comprehensive statewide law prohibiting smoking in enclosed public places. Disparities in tobacco control exist in rural areas. This study's objective was to determine the extent to which the passage of a comprehensive, statewide, smoke-free law in a predominantly rural state influenced tobacco smoke pollution in rural and nonrural venues. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A longitudinal cohort design study comparing the levels of tobacco smoke pollution before and after passage of the statewide smoke-free law was conducted in 64 restaurants and bars statewide in North Dakota...
October 10, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Gail G Salvatierra, Steven J Palazzo, Allison Emery
OBJECTIVE: Describe the rates of CPR/AED training in high schools in the state of Washington after passage of legislation mandating CPR/AED training. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A web-based survey was sent to administrators at 660 public and private high schools in the state of Washington. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The survey was completed by 148 schools (22%); 64% reported providing CPR training and 54% provided AED training. Reported barriers to implementation included instructor availability, cost, and a lack of equipment...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Robin Evans-Agnew, David Reyes, Janet Primomo, Karen Meyer, Corrie Matlock-Hightower
BACKGROUND: Conducting federally mandated community health needs assessments through academic-practice partnerships provides new opportunities for developing population health nursing competencies. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article was to describe how a baccalaureate practicum experience within such an assessment process, involving health care system partners, re-affirms the importance of community and population health assessment in the development of future nursing leaders...
September 29, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Camille Burnett, Linda Bullock, Cathleen A Collins, Lindsay Hauser
Residents of Southwest Virginia (SWVA) face significant barriers in accessing the most advanced forms of cancer care, cancer risk reduction, and clinical trials involvement. A collaboration between the University of Virginia (UVA) Cancer Center and UVA School of Nursing was forged with oncology caregivers in this region to build community capacity to support Cancer Clinical trials (CCT) by strengthening the workforce, and thus improving health outcomes for this underserved region of Appalachia. The UVA School of Nursing designed an educational workshop focusing on the basics of CCT to facilitate the development of a skilled nursing workforce in the SWVA region that could provide care to patients on protocol and/or to encourage residents to participate in trials...
September 29, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Tara Heagele
A paucity of nursing literature is available on disaster-related community resilience. Using a nursing method for analyzing concepts, this article attempts to clarify the meaning of this novel concept to encourage nursing research and practice. This concept analysis provides an introduction to the phenomenon of disaster-related community resilience for nurses and consumers of nursing research. The article proposes the definition, antecedents, attributes, consequences, and empirical referents of disaster-related community resilience and provides suggestions for nursing research and practice...
September 20, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Pamela B DeGuzman, Donna L Schminkey
Black Americans have disproportionately higher incidence and mortality rates for many cancers. These disparities may be related to genomic changes that occur from exposure to chronic toxic stress and may result from conditions associated with living in racially segregated neighborhoods with high rates of concentrated poverty. The purpose of this article is to present a nursing research framework for developing and testing neighborhood-level interventions that have the potential to mitigate exposure to neighborhood-associated chronic toxic stress, improve individual-level genomic sequelae and cancer outcomes, and reduce cancer health disparities of Black Americans...
September 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Angela L Matwick, Roberta L Woodgate
Social justice is presented frequently as a core or shared value at the very foundation of nursing practice. Despite its acceptance as a core value, its use is varied and there has been inherent difficulty in establishing a definitive explanation for what is meant by social justice. As such, a clearly defined meaning for the concept of social justice does not exist in contemporary nursing literature. Following the method outlined by Walker and Avant, an analysis of the concept of social justice provides clarity to the meaning of social justice as it is used within the nursing profession, in academia, education, and practice...
August 23, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Jennifer Cyne Johnston, Deborah McNeil, Germaeline van der Lee, Cheryl MacLeod, Yvonne Uyanwune, Kaitlyn Hill
OBJECTIVES: To pilot a group health service delivery model, CenteringParenting, for new parents, to assess its feasibility and impact on maternal and infant outcomes. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Families attended six, 2-hr group sessions in their child's first year of life with three to seven other families. Health assessments, parent-led discussions, and vaccinations occurred within the group. MEASURES: Demographic, breastfeeding, vaccination, maternal psychosocial health, parenting, and satisfaction data were collected and compared to a representative cohort...
August 8, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Patricia J Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Molly Allison, Megha Ramaswamy
Prison-based animal programs have shown promise when it comes to increased sociability, responsibility, and levels of patience for inmates who participate in these programs. Yet there remains a dearth of scientific research that demonstrates the impact of prison-based animal programs on inmates' physical and mental health. Trials of animal-assisted therapy interventions, a form of human-animal interaction therapy most often used with populations affected by depression/anxiety, mental illness, and trauma, may provide models of how prison-based animal program research can have widespread implementation in jail and prison settings, whose populations have high rates of mental health problems...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Michiko Oguro, Shigeko Horiuchi
OBJECTIVE: This study identified the relationship between interventions with women's health volunteer groups in two Myanmar villages and maternal and child health outcomes. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This cross-sectional study included 188 women aged 15-49 years old with at least one ≤5-year-old child. The women were randomly selected from two control and two experimental villages. MEASURES: Data were collected via structured interview with a questionnaire based on the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Lisa Kirk Wiese, Logan Wolff
The effective operation of a motor vehicle encompasses a wide range of cognitive processes that can decline due to age-related changes in neuroanatomical structures and cognitive functionality. The increasing number of older adult drivers in our rapidly aging population heightens the public safety concern of unsafe driving associated with these changes. Nurses caring for older adults in public health settings are well positioned to make a difference in the management of older patients who may be at risk of endangering themselves or others on the roadways...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Karen M Benzies, Leslie Barker, Jocelyn Churchill, Jennifer Smith, Sarah Horn
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a new prenatal education program evaluation tool, the UpStart Parent Survey - Prenatal, in terms of: (a) reliability and validity; (b) sensitivity to change over time; (c) whether results differed for mothers versus fathers; and (d) whether results differed when using an electronic tablet-computer versus a paper survey. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Psychometric study. Participants were 277 expectant mothers (n = 161) and fathers (n = 106) enrolled in Childbirth Essentials, a 6-week prenatal education program...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Jennifer L Collins, Donna C Owen, Jane Dimmitt Champion
OBJECTIVE: To describe the meaning of body weight among rural Mexican-American adolescents (RMAA) and an influential person (IP) of their social network. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This is qualitative descriptive study. Convenience sampling was used to recruit RMAA seeking care at a rural primary care-based clinic. Content analysis was used to identify categories and subcategories. Fifteen male adolescents and 14 IPs were interviewed (n = 29). MEASURES: Individual interviews were conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Yan Du, Qingwen Xu
OBJECTIVES: To examine racial/ethnic/immigration disparities in health and to investigate the relationships among race/ethnic/immigration status, delayed health care, and health of the elderly. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Responses from 13,508 people aged 65 and above were analyzed based on the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) 2011-2012. MEASURES: Key variables include race/ethnicity/immigration status, health outcome, and delayed health care...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Cindy H Liu, Heidi Liu
OBJECTIVES: To examine sociodemographic status, psychosocial concerns, and structural barriers associated with women's participation in the USDA's Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program among those eligible for the program. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A total of 1,634 White, African-American, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander (A/PI) women from the New York City area completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) from 2004 to 2007, a population-based survey...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
Grace L Reynolds, Hannah H Nguyen, Savitri Singh-Carlson, Dennis G Fisher, Anne Odell, Pamela Xandre
BACKGROUND: Adult vaccination compliance rates vary according to sample and type of vaccine administered (influenza, pneumococcal). This study looked at vaccination of a community sample of low-income, minority adults. METHODS: Nurses offered free vaccination for hepatitis A and B in the form of the combined Twinrix vaccine to adults on a walk-in basis. In addition to dosing information, participants completed the Risk Behavior Assessment, the Coping Strategies Indicator and the Cardiovascular Risk Assessment...
September 2016: Public Health Nursing
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