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Public Health Nursing

Charlene A Niemi, Alysha M Payne, Ricky Bates
This paper examines the development and implementation of a health literacy/education station at a large free clinic in a metropolitan city in southern California. The station was made possible through a partnership between the leadership team at the clinic and senior nursing students at a large university located in southern California. This paper outlines the importance of health literacy, the partnership between the community health senior nursing students and faculty and a yearly 3-day health clinic, the Core Competencies of Public Health Nursing met by the event, student preparation prior to the event, outcomes, and recommendations for future clinics and for future collaborations...
July 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Thomas MacAndrew English, Todd Brenton Smith, Xiaochuan Song, Marilyn V Whitman
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may be a better alternative to traditional smoking cessation therapies for cigarette smokers. This study explores the barriers traditional smokers face when switching to e-cigarettes. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A convenience sample of adult male and female tobacco and/or e-cigarette smokers (n = 446) were recruited through an online survey. MEASUREMENTS: The survey included questions used to determine the barriers a smoker may experience in regards to their use of e-cigarettes, as well as the characteristics regarding their use of tobacco and/or e-cigarettes...
July 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Rachelle Larsen, Julia Ashley, Tess Ellens, Renee Frauendienst, Karen Jorgensen-Royce, Mary Zelenak
BACKGROUND: Due to the continued shortage of public health nurses, some local public health agencies have begun hiring new graduate baccalaureate nurses into the public health nurse role. These new graduates require an increased level of support for transition to practice. AIMS: The goal of this project was creation of a transition to practice program designed specifically to meet the needs of new graduates hired in public health settings. METHODS: The core competencies of public health nursing were used as a framework to develop this residency program...
June 27, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Geun Myun Kim, Myung Sun Hong, Wonjung Noh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of the health-related quality of life of elderly people in Korea by applying the Andersen model. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study was a descriptive survey. Participants were 240 elderly people over 65 years of age living in a community. MEASURES: A hierarchical multiple regression was performed to analyze the factors related to the health-related quality of life, including predisposing, enabling, and need factors, and health behaviors...
June 26, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Heide R Cygan, Diane McNaughton, Virginia Reising, Bianca Reid
The purpose of this clinical concepts paper is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a formal academic-practice partnership between a large, urban, public school system and a college of nursing, based on the American Association of Colleges of Nursing's Guiding Principles to Academic-Practice Partnerships. The overarching goal of the partnership was to increase the school district's capacity to meet sexual health education policy requirements while providing graduate nursing students with an opportunity to work with a diverse population of youth during a public health nursing practicum course...
June 19, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Wijitra Sena, Kessarawan Nilvarangkul, Kesinee Saranrittichai, John F Smith, Teerasak Phajan, Sansanee Seetangkham
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to enhance self-care among rubber farmers for preventing work-related illness. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The project used Action Research's four phase iterative process: fact-finding to understand the problems, action planning, action plan implementation, and evaluation and reflection on action plan impacts. Sixty-six participants (46 rubber farmers and 20 community stakeholders) were purposively recruited from two villages in the top 10 rubber producing provinces in Northeastern Thailand...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Ellen A Gnaedinger
OBJECTIVES: The United States has a public health crisis of dental caries in children's primary teeth. Fifty-five percent of children have dental caries by age 8. The majority of these children are nonwhite and poor. Caries could be decreased by 40% if fluoride varnish (FV) application started with tooth eruption. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A four-month FV application QI project was implemented in a rural pediatric practice. The staff was trained by the Vermont Department of Health using the From the First Tooth protocol...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Danielle N Atkins, Mary L Held, Lisa C Lindley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of expanding Medicaid health insurance coverage for unauthorized women on prenatal care utilization. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A natural experiment design was used. We examined the prenatal care utilization of 20,876 unauthorized women from Nebraska, which expanded Medicaid coverage for unauthorized women, and South Carolina, which has never expanded coverage. MEASURES: Measurements of prenatal care utilization included adequate prenatal care using the Kotelchuck Index and the number of prenatal care visits...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Kimberly McCullough, Matthew Dalstrom
OBJECTIVE: When Illinois expanded Medicaid in 2014, the state also passed legislation requiring that 50% of Medicaid recipients be enrolled in a managed care plan. The purpose of this project was to identify the barriers and facilitators that Medicaid enrollees have understanding and using their managed care plans. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: In this descriptive study, participants included Medicaid enrollees, community workers, health care navigators, and a state health insurance representative...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Victoria P Niederhauser, Lisa C Lindley, Brittany Farabollini
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore if parental barriers to childhood immunizations change over time. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using secondary data, a pretest post-test design was employed to measure changes in parental barriers to childhood immunizations in the first 7 months of life. Thirty-nine parent/infant dyads were included in this study. MEASURES: The Searching for Hardship and Obstacles to Shots (SHOTS) Survey was completed by a parent when their infant was between one and 28 days old (prior to their first immunizations) and again when the child was 6-7 months of age...
June 7, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Stephanie Ibemere
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to determine the factors associated with the outcomes of community health programs with particular focus on low- to middle-income countries. In addition, this review aims to suggest how these factors can affect the creation of a Sickle Cell Anemia health program in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A literature review spanning the last decade (March 2007 to February 2017) was conducted using the Whittemore and Knafl integrative review framework...
May 31, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Lauren V Lawson
BACKGROUND: Documentary analysis of existing information, such as newspaper articles, is an identified method for use in an assessment to provide a descriptive explanation of existing problems or assets. The intention of this case study is to explore the effectiveness of documentary analysis of newspaper articles as a tool to inform an assessment of factors influencing the implementation of a medical respite for the homeless. Two questions framed the assessment; (a) What was occurring or might occur that will affect the development of a medical respite; and (b) What opportunities or threats are generated as a result? METHODS: Articles from two local newspapers identified themes related to the three external forces of change that impact medical respites; (a) funding; (b) community resistance; and (c) the health care system...
May 29, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Drishti Sharma, Latika Rohilla, Rashmi Bagga, Radhika Srinivasan, Har Ashish Jindal, Nikita Sharma, Ankita Kankaria, Limalemla Jamir, Vanita Suri, Rakesh Kumar Singh, Mona Duggal
BACKGROUND: The Indian national program stresses implementation of cervical cancer screening by health workers/nurses using VIA (Visual Inspection under Acetic acid). We demonstrate its feasibility and reliability in rural setting, assessing the role of smartphone-imaging for continuous training of nurses. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design to assess the reliability of the nurse-led VIA test. To assess feasibility, VIA positive patients were observed till confirmative diagnosis was made...
May 28, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Amanda M Emerson, Hsiang-Feng Carroll, Megha Ramaswamy
OBJECTIVE: To model condom usage by jail-incarcerated women incarcerated in US local jails and understand results in terms of fundamental cause theory. DESIGN, SAMPLE, MEASUREMENTS: We surveyed 102 women in an urban jail in the Midwest United States. Chi-square tests and generalized linear modeling were used to identify factors of significance for women who used condoms during last sex compared with women who did not. Stepwise multiple logistic regression was conducted to estimate the relation between the outcome variable and variables linked to condom use in the literature...
May 27, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Rie Matsui, Yumi Sato
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to describe grandmothers' intentions regarding providing satisfactory infant care support for new mothers. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Qualitative inductive analysis was performed using semistructured interviews conducted with 19 pairs of grandmothers and new mothers with one child aged 3-4 months old. RESULTS: Support that satisfied the new mothers was categorized into five concepts, which included support activities such as "minding the grandchild" and "supporting family life"...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Rhea Faye D Felicilda-Reynaldo, Farhan Alshammari, Nahed Alquwez, Jerico G Alicante, Khamees B Obaid, Hanan Ebrahim Abd El Aziz Rady, Mohammad Qtait, John Paul Ben T Silang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing the attitudes of Bachelor of Science in Nursing students toward climate change and environmental sustainability and the inclusion of these concepts in the nursing curricula of four Arab countries. METHOD: A convenience sample of 1,059 students from four Arab countries was surveyed using the Environmental Sustainability Attitudes in Nursing Survey-2 (SANS-2) questionnaire in this descriptive-comparative study. RESULTS: The majority of the respondents exhibited positive attitudes toward the five items of SANS-2, with "Environmental sustainability is an important issue for nursing" receiving the lowest mean score and "Issues about climate change should be included in the nursing curriculum" receiving the highest mean score...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Richard E Carlson, Mageen C Caines, Patricia A Harrison
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of psychosocial risk factors among expectant fathers whose female partners were enrolled in prenatal home visiting services. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, exploratory, quantitative design. SAMPLE: Expectant father-mother pairs were recruited from two urban home visiting programs to participate in a randomized controlled trial of a father advocate intervention. The study sample consisted of 66 father-mother pairs who completed structured interviews at baseline, before randomization...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Melissa L Horning, Jeanette M Olsen, Shay Lell, Diane R Thorson, Karen A Monsen
OBJECTIVE(S): The purpose of this manuscript was to describe: Public Health Nurse (PHN) home-visited, female client Nutrition Knowledge (K), Behavior (B), and Status (S); the number and types of nutrition interventions PHNs used with these clients; and the types of clients receiving nutrition interventions. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This descriptive study used PHN-generated Omaha System, electronic health record data from January 2012 to July 2015. The analytic sample contains 558 women who received home visits in a rural Midwestern U...
May 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Wrenetha A Julion, Jen'nea Sumo, Dawn T Bounds
Many studies have examined factors influencing African-American (AA) participation in research studies. But none inform the recruitment of AA men into fatherhood intervention research. Our purpose is to describe the recruitment and enrollment framework of the Dedicated African American Dad (DAAD) Study, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to test a fatherhood intervention against a financial literacy comparison condition. AA nonresident (AANR) fathers are fathers who do not reside with their child on a full-time basis...
May 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Barbara L Joyce, Monica Harmon, Regina Gina H Johnson, Vicki Hicks, Nancy Brown-Schott, Lucille Pilling, Vicki Brownrigg
A multisite collaborative team of community/public health nursing (C/PHN) faculty surveyed baccalaureate nursing faculty to explore their knowledge, skills, attitudes, and application of the Quad Council Competencies for Public Health Nurses (QCC-PHN). OBJECTIVES: (1) Evaluate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the 2011 QCC-PHN by academic C/PHN faculty; (2) Evaluate the application of 2011 QCC-PHN by C/PHN faculty in the clinical practicum for undergraduate baccalaureate C/PHN students; and (3) Determine if a significant difference existed in the knowledge for each domain...
May 2, 2018: Public Health Nursing
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