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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

Brad A Hartl, Henry Hirschberg, Laura Marcu, Simon R Cherry
The translation of photodynamic therapy (PDT) to the clinical setting has primarily been limited to easily accessible and/or superficial diseases, for which traditional light delivery can be performed noninvasively. Cerenkov radiation, as generated from medically relevant radionuclides, has been suggested as a means to deliver light to deeper tissues noninvasively to overcome this depth limitation. This article investigates the utility of Cerenkov radiation, as generated from the radionuclide yttrium-90, for activating the PDT process using clinically approved aminolevulinic acid at 1...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Sangeeta Shukla, Yamini Sharma, Sadhana Shrivastava
Lead (Pb) is a pleiotropic toxicant. The potential role of oxidative stress injury that is associated with Pb poisoning suggests that antioxidants may enhance the efficacy of treatment designed to mitigate Pb-induced toxicity. The aim of this study is to investigate the comparative ameliorative potential of lipoic acid (LA) alone or in combination with calcium (Ca) and zinc (Zn). Pb acetate (50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) was administered for 3 d. After 24 h of the last toxicant dose, LA (100 mg/kg, orally [po]) alone or in conjuction with Ca (50 mg/kg, po) and Zn (10 mg/kg, po) was administered for 3 d...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Avratanu Das, Amrita Roy, Ruma Das, Sanjib Bhattacharya, Pallab Kanti Haldar
The present study evaluates the protective potential of the flavonoid naringenin (NRG) against experimentally induced cadmium (Cd) toxicity in Swiss albino mice. NRG (4 and 8 mg/kg) was orally administered to mice 30 min before oral administration of CdCl2 (12 mg/kg) for 11 consecutive days. On the 12th day, we evaluated body and organ weights, hematological profiles, serum biochemical profiles, and hepatic and renal tissue antioxidative parameters including lipid peroxidation, reduced and oxidized glutathione, glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Hyun Ah Lee, Hyunung Kim, Kwang-Won Lee, Kun-Young Park
This study was undertaken to evaluate enhancement of the chemopreventive properties of kimchi by dietary nanosized Lactobacillus (Lab.)plantarum (nLp) in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis-associated colorectal cancer C57BL/6J mouse model. nLp is a dead, shrunken, processed form of Lab. Plantarum isolated from kimchi that is 0.5-1.0 µm in size. The results obtained showed that animals fed kimchi with nLp (K-nLp) had longer colons and lower colon weights/length ratios and developed fewer tumors than mice fed kimchi alone (K)...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Perumal Elangovan, Abdulkadhar Mohamed Jalaludeen, Ramalingam Ramakrishnan, Leelavinothan Pari
Nickel (Ni)-induced oxidative damage is a serious problem that leads to reproductive system failure through testicular damage. The present investigation was carried out to determine the effect of troxerutin (Txn) on testicular toxicity induced by Ni in experimental rat testes. The oral administration of Txn (100 mg/kg body weight [bw]) showed a significant (p < 0.01) increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), reduced glutathione, ascorbate, total sulphydryl groups, and testis-organ weight...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Asuman Argon, Enver Vardar, Tulu Kebat, Ömer Erdinç, Nazif Erkan
Recent studies report that tumor microenvironment effects prognosis of colorectal cancers. We analyzed the densities of FoxP3+ cells and CD8+ cells, the ratio of FoxP3+/CD8+ cells and the relationship between these parameters, clinicopathological features, and prognosis. A total of 186 colorectal adenocarcinoma were evaluated in terms of clinicopathological features. Immunohistochemically, densities of intratumoral (IT; IT-FoxP3) and nontumoral (NT; NT-FoxP3) FoxP3+ cells and IT-CD8 and NT-CD8 CD8+ cells were calculated...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Mohammad Ashafaq, Pooja Sharma, Saima Khatoon, Dilruba Haque, Heena Tabassum, Suhel Parvez
Lead toxicity is a major public health concern. This study was designed to investigate the effects of oral administration of tannic acid (TA) on lead acetate (LA)-induced oxidative stress in rat liver and kidney. Rats were treated with 50 mg/kg body weight of TA against LA-induced oxidative stress 3 times/week for 2 weeks. At a rate of 50 mg/kg of body weight, LA was given intraperitoneally 3 times/week for 2 weeks. Results show significantly elevated levels of oxidative stress markers observed in LA-treated rats, whereas significant depletion in the activity of nonenzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants as well as histological changes were observed in LA-treated rat liver and kidney...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Narayanan Kannan, Kunnathur Murugesan Sakthivel, Chandrasekaran Guruvayoorappan
Cisplatin (CP) is an important chemotherapeutic drug used for the treatment of a wide variety of solid tumors. However, clinical use of CP has been limited due to its adverse effect of nephrotoxicity. In the present study, we evaluate the nephroprotective effect of Bauhinia tomentosa against CP-induced renal damage in rats. Administration of methonolic extract of B. tomentosa (250 mg/kg b.w.) results in a significant increase in antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and catalase (CAT)...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Steen J Madsen, Jonathan Gonzales, Genesis Zamora, Kristian Berg, Rohit Kumar Nair, Henry Hirschberg
Photochemical internalization (PCI) is a technique that uses the photochemical properties of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the enhanced delivery of endolysosomal-trapped macromolecules into the cell cytoplasm. The released agent can therefore exert its full biological activity, in contrast to being degraded by lysosomal hydrolases. Activation of photosensitizers via ultrasound (US), called sonodynamic therapy (SDT), has been proposed as an alternative to light-activated PDT for the treatment of cancerous tumors...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Sreyashi Mitra, Sayantan Bhattacharyya, Sudipta Ray, Rinku Saha, Paramita Ghosh, Sanchita Rauth, Syamsundar Mandal, Samir Banerjee, Nabendu Murmu
Nowadays, exposure to heavy metals and their detrimental effects in humans are grave health concerns. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of resveratrol (RES) against CdCl2 (cadmium chloride)-induced impairment of spermatogenesis, histopathological alterations, and the up-regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling cascade in Swiss albino mice. Two different doses of CdCl2 were injected intraperitoneally into two groups of mice, and in the third group RES was administered orally before injecting CdCl2 (3 times/wk) for 14 days...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Amita Jaswal, Monika Sharma, Suchita Raghuvanshi, Samta Sharma, Mohd Salim Reshi, Chhavi Uthra, Sangeeta Shukla
Antituberculosis drug (ATD)-induced hepatotoxicity is a major impediment for the effective treatment of tuberculosis (TB). All first-line anti-TB medications have adverse effects that interrupt the successful completion of TB treatment. This investigation focuses on the evaluation of the protective role of Nigella sativa (NS) against liver injury caused by ATDs. Female rats were treated with ATDs for 8 weeks (3 d/wk) followed by NS for 8 weeks (3 d/wk). The antioxidant activity of NS was estimated with a 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and by analyzing total phenolic contents...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Didem Oral, Pinar Erkekoglu, Belmar Kocer-Gumusel, Ming-Wei Chao
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process during which epithelial cells lose their polarity and ability to adhere. Instead, they gain properties to move, migrate through the extracellular matrix, become invasive, and finally become mesenchymal stem cells. This trans-differentiation is critical for embryo development, wound healing, and stem cell behavior. However, this same phenomenon is also observed in cancer progression. Phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA) are endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that are linked to complex human diseases...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Charles Gnanaraj, Muhammad Dawood Shah, A T M Emdadul Haque, Jaafar Sadeq Makki, Mohammad Iqbal
Synedrella nodiflora is a medicinal plant that is used by the natives of Sabah, Malaysia to treat rheumatism and several other ailments. This study aims to evaluate the ability of the crude aqueous extract of S. nodiflora leaves to protect against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-mediated hepatic injury in rats. S. nodiflora aqueous extract was orally administered to adult Sprague Dawley rats once daily for 14 days (150 and 300 mg/kg body weight [b.w.]) before CCl4 oral treatment (1.0 mL/kg b.w.) on the 13th and 14th days...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
J Zheng, S R K Madduma Hewage, Mei Jing Piao, Kyoung Ah Kang, X Han, H K Kang, E S Yoo, Y S Koh, N H Lee, C S Ko, J C Lee, Mi Hee Ko, Jin Won Hyuna
Natural marine products show various biological properties such as antiphotoaging, antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammation. This study evaluated the protective effects of the brown alga Carpomitra costata (Stackhouse) Batters (Sporochnaceae) against ultraviolet B (UVB)-provoked damage in human HaCaT keratinocytes. C. costata extract (CCE) effectively reduced superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and UVB-stimulated intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. CCE also restored the expression and activity of UVB-suppressed antioxidant enzymes...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Chandra Kant Sharma, Monika Sharma, Vinay Sharma
Various plant species are used globally for therapeutic purposes and have been authenticated by the World Health Organization. Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr., one of only three species in the genus Aegle, is a subtropical, fruit-bearing, deciduous tree that grows throughout the hills and plains of sub-Himalayan countries. Plants with medicinal importance have been used in almost every culture since ancient times. Various studies are underway to understand more about the qualities and components of medicinal plants, including drug preparation, phytochemical analysis, cultivation, toxicology, and pharmacology...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Jisha Joy, Saud Alarifi, Entissar Alsuhaibani, Cherupally K Krishnan Nair
This study aims to investigate whether asiaticoside, a triterpene glycoside, can afford protection to DNA from alterations induced by gamma radiation under in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo conditions. In vitro studies were done on plasmid pBR322 DNA, ex vivo studies were done on cellular DNA of human peripheral blood leukocytes, and in vivo investigations were conducted on cellular DNA of spleen and bone marrow cells of mice exposed to whole-body gamma radiation. The supercoiled form of the plasmid pBR322 DNA upon exposure to the radiation was converted into relaxed open circular form due to induction of strand breaks...
2015: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Priyanka Sharma, Pradeep Kumar Goyal
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of green tea catechin (7500 µg/kg/animal/day) against cadmium-induced testicular dysfunctions and oxidative stress in the testes of mice. For this purpose, Swiss albino mice were divided into six groups: group I, negative control; group II, catechin-treated control; group III, cadmium chloride (CdCl2)-treated control; group IV, experimental group I; group V, experimental group II; and group VI, experimental group III. Animals from all of these groups were necropsied at various post-treatment intervals between 12 hours and 30 days for various biochemical alterations in the testes...
2015: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Chandra Kant Sharma, Monika Sharma, Bhawna Aggarwal, Vinay Sharma
Vitiligo is a hypopigmentation disorder that is caused by the loss of melanocyte activity for melanin pigment generation. Vitiligo is distinguished by the existence of white macules. Vitiligo affects 0.1%-2% of individuals of different populations, irrespective of skin color, ethnic origin, race, or age. Although the actual mechanism behind this disease is not yet known, it is thought to be caused by a cumulative effect of various mechanisms (e.g., neurohormonal, genetic, cytotoxic, oxidative stress, autoimmune, and biochemical)...
2015: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Boobalan Gopu, Rasakatla Dileep, Matukumalli Usha Rani, C S V Satish Kumar, Matham Vijay Kumar, Alla Gopala Reddy
Ulcerative colitis is a chronically recurrent inflammatory bowel disease of unknown origin. The present study is to evaluate the effect of flunixin and curcumin in experimentally induced ulcerative colitis in rats. Animals were randomly divided into four groups, each consisting of 12 animals: normal control group, acetic acid group, curcumin-treated group, and flunixin-treated group. Induction of colitis by intracolonic administration of 4% acetic acid produced severe macroscopic inflammation in the colon, 14 days after acetic acid administration as assessed by the colonic damage score...
2015: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Shruti Gade, Nitin Motilal Gandhi
Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) is a key transcription factor responsible for imparting adaptability to the cancer cells growing in tumors. HIF induces the modulation of glucose metabolism, angiogenesis, and prosurvival signaling. Therefore, HIF is one of the attractive targets to treat solid tumors. Results presented in this study indicate that Baicalein (BA) inhibits HIF stabilization and also reduces its transcription activity in MCF-7 cells in vitro. Furthermore, BA was found to have antiproliferative ability as determined by the MTT assay and clonogenic survival...
2015: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
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