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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992317/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-pesticides-on-children-s-health
#1
Magdalena Matysiak, Marcin Kruszewski, Barbara Jodlowska-Jedrych, Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak
The aim of this study was to summarize the current state of knowledge on pesticide-related fertility problems and disadventeges of childrens due to prenatal pesticides exposure. Available literature was analyzed. Due to the extent of the issue, the study focuses on epidemiological studies conducted in humans, despite evidence from in vitro and animal studies. It seems certain that exposure to harmful chemicals is one of the factors that may cause a decline in fertility and problems with conceiving, whereas exposure during pregnancy can impair foetal development...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992316/glutamate-excitotoxicity-and-oxidative-stress-in-epilepsy-modulatory-role-of-melatonin
#2
Shruti Vishnoi, Sheikh Raisuddin, Suhel Parvez
Epilepsy is thought to be associated with oxidative stress, glutamate excitotoxicity, and mitochondrial dysfunction. The enhanced synthesis and release of oxygen free radicals is linked to the low and oxidative potential of the central nervous system. Glutamate excitotoxicity also contributes significantly to the production of reactive nitrogen species that cause nitrosative stress. A decrease in adenosine triphosphate synthesis, which leads to free radical formation, is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992315/inhibition-of-the-p53-y220c-mutant-by-1-hydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone-derivatives-a-novel-strategy-for-cancer-therapy
#3
Vidhula Ahire, D Das, Kaushala Prasad Mishra, G R Kulkarni, L Ackland
Y220C, a substitution mutation in p53, causes major structural changes in the protein and is known to form a new protein cavity. This cavity is reckoned to accommodate small drug candidates that may play a key role in cancer treatment. Present study was aimed at determining a drug candidate that could inhibit the mutant p53 based on structural drug rationale. Docking of mutated p53 was performed to determine the drug of choice from the derivatives of 1-hydroxy-2- methylanthraquinone exhibiting anti-cancer properties...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992314/cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-effects-of-electronic-cigarette-liquids-on-human-mucosal-tissue-cultures-of-the-oropharynx
#4
Christian Welz, Martin Canis, Sabina Schwenk-Zieger, Sven Becker, Vincent Stucke, Friedrich Ihler, Philipp Baumeister
The popularity of electronic cigarettes (ECs) is rapidly growing and ECs are claimed to be an uncritically regarded alternative to conventional cigarettes. The mucosal tissue of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) is the first contact organ for xenobiotics such as liquids of ECs. The aim of this study is to investigate the bimolecular effects of e-liquids on human pharyngeal tissue cultures to evaluate whether e-liquids and their components present a risk factor for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Fresh tissue samples of healthy oropharyngeal mucosa were assembled into mucosal tissue cultures...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992313/antitumor-effects-of-palladium-%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-complex-formulation-as-an-adjunct-in-radiotherapy
#5
Ravindran Kalathil Veena, Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan Ajith, Kainoor Krishnankutty Janardhanan, Francis Antonawich
Several investigations have been initiated to enhance the antitumor effect of radiation and ameliorate its adverse effects such as reducing blood cell counts and causing DNA damage in normal cells. Compounds that enhance the antitumor activity of radiation without reducing blood cell counts or damaging DNA in normal cells can be of immense use as an adjunct in radiotherapy. We evaluated the antitumor effect of a specific set of minerals, vitamins, and amino acids (Poly-MVA) (2 mL/kg, per os), with and without radiation, against Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) and Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma (EAC) cell lines that were transplanted in a solid-tumor model...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992312/effect-of-chokeberry-juice-on-n-nitrosodiethylamine-induced-rat-liver-carcinogenesis
#6
Malgorzata Kujawska, Patrycja Kant, Irene Hidalgo Mayoral, Ewa Ignatowicz, Jan Sikora, Jan Oszmianski, Janusz Czapski, Jadwiga Jodynis-Liebert
Because humans commonly consume chokeberry, especially as a nutritional supplement, it must be checked to determine whether its excessive ingestion can cause adverse effects, in particular, in the case of simultaneous exposure to some xenobiotics. From this point of view, we examined the impact of long-term cotreatment of rats with chokeberry juice and hepatic carcinogen N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) on oxidative damages and neoplastic lesions in the liver of rats. Daily exposure to chokeberry juice in a concentration of 10 g/kg feed via diet for 13 wk led to an intensified hepatotoxic effect of NDEA (0...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992311/evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-activity-of-extracts-and-active-principles-of-commonly-consumed-indian-spices
#7
Kartick Patra, Samarjit Jana, Deba Prasad Mandal, Shamee Bhattacharjee
Accumulating evidence suggests that free radical reactions play a key part in the development of degenerative diseases and that an antioxidant-rich diet is a major defense against these free radical reactions. In this study, we explore comparative antioxidant capacities of extracts of some commonly used in Indian spices (anise, cardamom, Ceylon cinnamon, and clove) along with their purified components (anethole, eucalyptol, cinnamaldehyde, and eugenol, respectively). Eugenol shows the highest 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, hydroxyl, and superoxide scavenging and reducing power activity in terms of weight; however, this was not found when compared in terms of equivalence...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992310/a-kinetic-study-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-rainbow-trout-hepatocytes-by-fluorometry
#8
Mazyar Yazdani, Ketil Hylland
The kinetics of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in a primary culture of rainbow trout hepatocytes was investigated using three fluorescent probes: 5-,6-chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (CM-H2DCFDA), dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR 123), and dihydroethidium (DHE). The cell cultures were loaded with the three probes, separately. Hepatocytes were then exposed to Cu (0.15-10 mM) in serum-free Leibovitz's medium for 30 min before being quantified by a fluorescence plate reader during 30 min...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910782/chemoprevention-of-colon-cancer-through-inhibition-of-angiogenesis-and-induction-of-apoptosis-by-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#9
Preety Ghanghas, Shelly Jain, Chandan Rana, Sankar Nath Sanyal
Cancer cells require nourishment for the growth of the primary tumor mass and spread of the metastatic colony. These needs are fulfilled by tumor-associated neovasculature known as angiogenesis, which also favors the transition from hyperplasia to neoplasia, that is, from a state of cellular multiplication to uncontrolled proliferation. Therefore, targeting angiogenesis is profitable as a mechanism to inhibit tumor growth. Furthermore, it is important to understand the cross-communication between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the neoplastic and proinflammatory milieu...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910781/inhibition-of-dimethylbenz-a-anthracene-dmba-croton-oil-induced-mouse-skin-tumorigenesis-by-gmelina-arborea-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-activity
#10
Lincy Lawrence, Seema Menon, Divya Menon K, Vipin P Sivaram, Jose Padikkala
In traditional Indian medicine, the plant Gmelina arborea Linn. (GA) is described to have the ability to relieve edema. The present study evaluates the anticancer property of GA stem bark against 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene (DMBA)-croton oil-induced skin tumorigenesis along with the evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity. The observed inhibition of inflammation in carrageenan-induced (41.8%) and formalin-induced (34.07%) models may be due to inhibition of prostaglandins (PGs). Skin papilloma was induced by a single topical application of DMBA (470 nmol/200 µL acetone), followed by repeated application of croton oil (1% in 200 µL acetone)...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910780/naringenin-ameliorates-doxorubicin-toxicity-and-hypoxic-condition-in-dalton-s-lymphoma-ascites-tumor-mouse-model-evidence-from-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
Venkatesan Kathiresan, Swathika Subburaman, Arun Venkatesh Krishna, Mathivanan Natarajan, Gandhidasan Rathinasamy, Kumaresan Ganesan, Murugesan Ramachandran
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a well-known cytotoxic agent used extensively as a chemotherapeutic drug to eradicate a wide variety of human cancers. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress during DOX treatment can induce cardiac, renal, and hepatic toxicities, which can constrain its use as a potential cytotoxic agent. The present work investigates the antioxidant potential of naringenin (NAR) against DOXinduced toxicities of a Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) tumor-bearing mouse model. Mice were randomized into four groups: a negative control, positive control, DOX (2...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910779/amelioration-of-doxorubicin-induced-cardiac-and-renal-toxicity-by-oxycarotenoid-lutein-and-its-mechanism-of-action
#12
Edakkadath Raghavan Sindhu, Thattaruparambil Raveendran Nithya, Ponnamparambil Purushothaman Binitha, Ramadasan Kuttan
We set out to determine the effect of oxycarotenoid lutein on reducing cardiac and renal toxicity induced by doxorubicin (DXR). We started with oral administration in rats of lutein for 15 d before administering DXR (30 mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneally, in a single dose). Animals in all groups were sacrificed 24 h after DXR administration. Serum markers of cardiac injury lactate dehydrogenase, creatine phosphokinase, serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase increased drastically after DXR but decreased after lutein treatment (p < 0...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910778/mirsnps-of-mir1274-and-mir3202-genes-that-target-mecp2-and-dnmt3b-are-associated-with-lung-cancer-risk-a-study-conducted-on-massarray-genotyping
#13
Cansu Ozbayer, Irfan Degirmenci, Derya Ustuner, Guntulu Ak, Faruk Saydam, Ertugrul Colak, Hasan Veysi Gunes, Muzaffer Metintas
Genetic variants of miRNAs that target DNMTs and MBDs involved in DNA methylation were scanned with current databases, and 35 miRSNPs in 22 miRNA genes were identified. The aim of the study was to determine the association between these variants of miRNA genes and lung cancer (LC). DNA samples were isolated from blood samples and genotyped using a Sequenom MassARRAY System. An association between the rs188912830 gene variant of miR3202 that targets the MeCP2 protein and LC was indicated in both subtypes. The presence of the C-allele in patients with LC and its subtypes was significantly lower, and the absence of the C-allele was determined to increase the risk of LC by 7,429-times compared to the presence (p=0,010)...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910777/gastric-adenocarcinoma-biomarker-expression-profiles-and-their-prognostic-value
#14
Serkan Senol, Abdullah Aydin, Duygu Kosemetin, Dilek Ece, Ibrahim Akalin, Hasan Abuoglu, Esra Akdeniz Duran, Dincer Aydin, Burcak Erkol
Expression levels of several molecules implicated in carcinogenesis were examined by immunohistochemical staining, and the prognostic significance of their expression levels in gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) was evaluated. A total of 115 GA and 20 control gastric tissue samples were evaluated by immunohistochemistry using 33 antibodies targeting molecules known to play a part in the development of various tumors. Overexpression of carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) and loss of AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1A (ARID1A), aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), and CD44 expression in GA patients were significantly correlated with lymph node (LN) metastasis, advanced tumor stage, and poor prognosis...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910776/molecular-pathology-of-malignant-transformation-of-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#15
Amit Chattopadhyay, Jay Gopal Ray
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is prevalent mostly in Southeast Asia, particularly in the Indian subcontinent. Chewing betel nuts and betel leaves, with or without tobacco, has been associated with OSF. Betel quid contents including guvacine, arecoline, guvacoline, arecaidine, and chavibetol are considered to play an important part in the occurrence of OSF. Transformation of OSF to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is variable, but up to 13% conversion of OSF to SCC has been reported. Various genetic and molecular mechanisms impact the malignant transformation of OSF, causing changes in the cell cycle, DNA, keratinocytes, and keratin; tumor-cell proliferation and survival; angiogenesis; fibrosis through epithelial-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), and tissue hypoxia...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481495/activating-photodynamic-therapy-in-vitro-with-cerenkov-radiation-generated-from-yttrium-90
#16
Brad A Hartl, Henry Hirschberg, Laura Marcu, Simon R Cherry
The translation of photodynamic therapy (PDT) to the clinical setting has primarily been limited to easily accessible and/or superficial diseases, for which traditional light delivery can be performed noninvasively. Cerenkov radiation, as generated from medically relevant radionuclides, has been suggested as a means to deliver light to deeper tissues noninvasively to overcome this depth limitation. This article investigates the utility of Cerenkov radiation, as generated from the radionuclide yttrium-90, for activating the PDT process using clinically approved aminolevulinic acid at 1...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481494/reversal-of-lead-induced-acute-toxicity-by-lipoic-acid-with-nutritional-supplements-in-male-wistar-rats
#17
Sangeeta Shukla, Yamini Sharma, Sadhana Shrivastava
Lead (Pb) is a pleiotropic toxicant. The potential role of oxidative stress injury that is associated with Pb poisoning suggests that antioxidants may enhance the efficacy of treatment designed to mitigate Pb-induced toxicity. The aim of this study is to investigate the comparative ameliorative potential of lipoic acid (LA) alone or in combination with calcium (Ca) and zinc (Zn). Pb acetate (50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) was administered for 3 d. After 24 h of the last toxicant dose, LA (100 mg/kg, orally [po]) alone or in conjuction with Ca (50 mg/kg, po) and Zn (10 mg/kg, po) was administered for 3 d...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481493/naringenin-alleviates-cadmium-induced-toxicity-through-the-abrogation-of-oxidative-stress-in-swiss-albino-mice
#18
Avratanu Das, Amrita Roy, Ruma Das, Sanjib Bhattacharya, Pallab Kanti Haldar
The present study evaluates the protective potential of the flavonoid naringenin (NRG) against experimentally induced cadmium (Cd) toxicity in Swiss albino mice. NRG (4 and 8 mg/kg) was orally administered to mice 30 min before oral administration of CdCl2 (12 mg/kg) for 11 consecutive days. On the 12th day, we evaluated body and organ weights, hematological profiles, serum biochemical profiles, and hepatic and renal tissue antioxidative parameters including lipid peroxidation, reduced and oxidized glutathione, glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481492/dietary-nanosized-lactobacillus-plantarum-enhances-the-anticancer-effect-of-kimchi-on-azoxymethane-and-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colon-cancer-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#19
Hyun Ah Lee, Hyunung Kim, Kwang-Won Lee, Kun-Young Park
This study was undertaken to evaluate enhancement of the chemopreventive properties of kimchi by dietary nanosized Lactobacillus (Lab.)plantarum (nLp) in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis-associated colorectal cancer C57BL/6J mouse model. nLp is a dead, shrunken, processed form of Lab. Plantarum isolated from kimchi that is 0.5-1.0 µm in size. The results obtained showed that animals fed kimchi with nLp (K-nLp) had longer colons and lower colon weights/length ratios and developed fewer tumors than mice fed kimchi alone (K)...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481491/protective-effect-of-troxerutin-on-nickel-induced-testicular-toxicity-in-wistar-rats
#20
Perumal Elangovan, Abdulkadhar Mohamed Jalaludeen, Ramalingam Ramakrishnan, Leelavinothan Pari
Nickel (Ni)-induced oxidative damage is a serious problem that leads to reproductive system failure through testicular damage. The present investigation was carried out to determine the effect of troxerutin (Txn) on testicular toxicity induced by Ni in experimental rat testes. The oral administration of Txn (100 mg/kg body weight [bw]) showed a significant (p < 0.01) increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), reduced glutathione, ascorbate, total sulphydryl groups, and testis-organ weight...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
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