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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

Dilek Bayram, İlkay Armagan, Meltem Özgöcmen, Nurgül Senol, Mustafa Calapoglu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of juglone on the human bladder carcinoma cell lines TCC-SUB and RT-4 in monolayer and spheroid cultures. Cells were treated with juglone at 24, 48, and 72 h of incubation. The activity of caspase-3 was detected in vitro using a caspase-3 colorimetric assay kit according to the manufacturer's instructions. The bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling index was used to determine the cells of the synthesis phase. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling assay was used to determine the death of cells in both the monolayer and spheroid cultures...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Hongyuan Zhang, Wei Zhao, Anshoo Malhotra
Background-The present study evaluated the efficacy of curcumin as a nutritional supplement in preventing aluminum-induced neurotoxicity in rats. Methods-The rats were segregated into four groups, which included normal controls and aluminum-treated, curcumin- treated, and aluminum- and curcumin-treated animals. Results-Eight weeks of aluminum treatment resulted in a significant increase in the levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in both cerebellum and cerebrum as compared to normal animals...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Gyl-Hoon Song, Eui-Seong Park, Seung-Min Lee, Dong-Bok Park, Kun-Young Park
This study investigated the anticancer effects of kimchi prepared using the standard Baechu cabbage and Amtak Baechu cabbage; salting was achieved by either the dry salt treatment or brine solution. Four different kimchi samples were prepared for this study: (1) the standard Baechu cabbage and dry salt treatment method (SK-D); (2) the Amtak Baechu cabbage and dry salt treatment method (AK-D); (3) the standard Baechu cabbage and brine solution treatment method (SK-B); and (4) the Amtak Baechu cabbage and brine solution treatment method (AK-B)...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Md Zeeshan Rasheed, Syed Suhail Andrabi, Mohd Salman, Heena Tabassum, Mohammad Shaquiquzzaman, Sabiha Parveen, Suhel Parvez
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease followed only by Alzheimer's disease and affects millions of people worldwide. Despite the plethora of preclinical and clinical studies, there is currently a paucity of therapeutic agents for PD that can promote neuroprotection. In addition, the therapeutic agents currently available only help with improvement of PD symptoms. Therefore, it is imperative to find new therapeutic avenues for PD patients to minimize the economic and social burden on the concerned families...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Daniel A Hunter, Leah K Bartel, Ian Byrd, Bethany Bogan, Wilson Yau, Ji Wu, Worlanyo Eric Gato
Titanium dioxide nanofiber (TDNF) is widely used in the manufacture of various household products, including cosmetics. As a result, the possibility exists for TDNFs to affect human health. Because the kidneys are responsible for filtering out waste from the blood, the goal of the present study was to investigate the short-term effects of TDNF on kidney function of male Sprague Dawley rats. To achieve study objectives, 6- to 7-wk-old male rats were exposed via oral gavage to a total of 0, 40, and 60 parts per million of TDNF for 2 wk...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Ramachandran Krishna Chandran, Narayanan Geetha, Kunnathur Murugesan Sakthivel, Chandran Geetha Aswathy, Preethi Gopinath, Jagathnath Krishna Kumarapillai Mohanan Nair, Hariharan Sreedharan
Elucidation of cryptic BCR/ABL1 gene rearrangement is exceptionally important in the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Previous reports indicated an adverse prognostic effect of atypical BCR/ABL1 gene rearrangements with submicroscopic ABL1-BCR deletions on derivative chromosome 9 [der(9)] in CML patients. Dual color dual fusion locus-specific BCR/ABL1 fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis together with G-banding using trypsin and Giemsa (GTG banding) was performed in 489 patients at different stages of CML to investigate the spectrum of BCR/ABL1 gene rearrangements...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
R Khoushika Raajshree, Durairaj Brindha
In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the anticancer effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) synthesized from Turbinaria conoides against a murine model of Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA). Nanoparticles were synthesized from the hydroethanolic extract of T. conoides (HETC). An ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometric analysis was performed to confirm the formation of ZnO-NPs. Size, morphology, and elemental composition of ZnO-NPs were also analyzed using scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (SEM-EDX)...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Heng Xu, Wen-Bo Yu, Yuan Gao, Mei-Jun Zhang, Anshoo Malhotra, Wen-Hui Yu
The combination approach is now a well-established treatment for cancer. The present study evaluated the potential of curcumin and resveratrol on p53 post-translational modifications during gastric cancer. We segregated rats into five groups that included normal controls, dimethylhydrazine (DMH) treated, DMH + curcumin treated, DMH + resveratrol treated, and DMH + curcumin + resveratrol treated. Morphological analyses of tumor nodules confirmed carcinogenesis in rats after 25 weeks of DMH administration. The DMH treatment significantly induced carcinogenesis, as evidenced by high tumor burden in DMH-treated rats compared with controls...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Xinfu Ma, Dengfeng Ren, Jie Kan, Fangchao Zheng, Shuisheng Zhang, Yu Zhang, Yuying Li, Zhibo Liu, Linhan Ye, Guoshuang Shen, Ziyi Wang, Fuxing Zhao, Raees Ahmad, Jiuda Zhao
The number of elderly gastric cancer (GC) patients has been rapidly increasing worldwide, but inadequate understanding regarding elderly GC patients has led to the paucity of appropriate treatment decisions. Our study evaluates clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of elderly GC patients after R0 resection. Overall, 1877 consecutive GC patients who underwent R0 gastrectomy at four centers were enrolled. We divided patients into three groups according to age: young, middle, and elderly. We then analyzed clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Kaja Saikrishna, Ringu Kumari, Kantamaneni Chaitanya, Subhankar Biswas, Pawan G Nayak, Jayesh Mudgal, Anoop Kishore, Krishnadas Nandakumar
In this study, we aimed to develop an experimental animal model for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using a combination of monosodium glutamate (MSG) and high sucrose diet (HSD). Young male Wistar rats (20-30 g) were injected with MSG (2 or 4 mg/g, i.p. for 4 days). These rats were also fed an HSD, while the control group was fed a starch diet (SFD) for 150 days. Parameters assessed periodically were body weight, feed intake, blood glucose level, and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), lipid profile, liver and kidney function tests, skeletal muscle glucose uptake, cognitive function tests, and microvascular changes using isolated rat aorta...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Rupesh Kumar Gautam, Sanjay Sharma, Komal Sharma, Gaurav Gupta
Available conventional drugs produce several side effects; thus, a potent herbal drug is urgently required for the management of rheumatoid arthritis. The present investigation was performed to evaluate the antiarthritic activity of butanol fraction of Punica granatum Linn. rind methanolic extract (PGBF) against Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)-induced arthritis in rats. An acute toxicity study of butanol fraction was conducted, accompanied by a study of its antiarthritic activity. Chromatography (thin layer chromatography and high-performance thin layer chromatography) analyses were also conducted...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Bin Wang, Gaurav Gupta, Mahaveer Singh, Kasturi Vishwanatha Setty Veerabhadrappa, Anurag Mishra, Gopala Krishna Chinnaboina
The present study was designed to explore the effect of chronic administration of a new flavone [morusflavone, 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-8-(γ,γ-dimethylallyl)-2',3'-(10'-hydroxy-9',10'-dimethyl-cyclohex-8-enyl)-flavone (compound 1)] at doses of 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg, orally (p.o.) to pentylenetetrazole-induced kindling in rats (a model of human epilepsy). Compound 1 and four other compounds were isolated from the stem bark of Morus alba. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated and established using standard spectroscopic techniques, and malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) were estimated as oxidative markers in brain tissues of rodents...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
M S Indu, Jose Padikkala, Achuthan C Raghavamenon
Apart from the conventional hypolipidemic therapy, plaque regression through enhanced reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) has emerged as novel approach in atherosclerotic drug development. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) mimetics as well as agents that augment the functional HDL and RCT pathways are under intense exploration. Desmodium gyrans (Fabacea) has been shown to have hypolipidemic efficacy, with an HDL-enhancing property. In this study, a chromatographically purified active fraction of D. gyrans (DGMAF) significantly decreased the serum and lipid profiles as well as lipotoxicity in liver in Wistar rats fed with high-fat diet (HFD)...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Xiujuan Sun, Anshoo Malhotra
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has emerged as a prominent cancer in both developing and developed countries. Due to the increasing burden of HCC patients, massive resources are expended in their management. Furthermore, there is an urgent need to identify new molecular players that could be targeted to halt cancer development in the early phases. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), which were previously thought to lack value, have the potential to play a pivotal role in the present era of personalized and translational research...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Perumal Elangovan, Ramalingam Ramakrishnan, Kasinathan Amudha, Abdulkadhar Mohamed Jalaludeen, Gunasekaran Karuna Sagaran, Frankline Rajan Babu, Leelavinothan Pari
Nickel (Ni) is an important environmental toxicant that can cause cancer and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to examine the protective effects of troxerutin (Txn) Ni-induced renal dysfunction in rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Nickel (20 mg/kg body weight [b.w.]/day) was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 20 days. Renal damage from Ni toxicity was evident from the changed levels of serum and urinary markers in Ni-treated rats. The levels of lipid peroxidation markers also significantly increased, while the levels of nonenzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants significantly decreased in the kidney of Ni-intoxicated rats...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Jie Xu, James T F Wise, Lei Wang, Kortney Schumann, Zhuo Zhang, Xianglin Shi
It has been well established that environmental and occupational exposure to heavy metal causes cancer in several organs. Although the exact mechanism of heavy metal carcinogenesis remains elusive, metal-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) are essential. ROS can play two roles in metal carcinogenesis; two stages in the process of metal carcinogenesis differ in the amounts of ROS activating a dual redox-mediated mechanism. In the early stage of metal carcinogenesis, ROS acts in an oncogenic role. However, in the late stage of metal carcinogenesis, ROS plays an antioncogenic role...
2017: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Theodore Lemuel Mathuram, Vilwanathan Ravikumar, Lisa M Reece, Changam Sheela Sasikumar, Kotturathu Mammen Cherian
This study aims to unravel the use of GSK-3 inhibitors as viable apoptotic inducers for teratocarcinoma-derived ovarian PA-1 cells. MTT assay was carried out to assess inhibitory concentrations of LiCl and TDG. AO/EB staining and Hoechst 33258 staining were employed to assess the damage. Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and ROS generation were assessed with IC50 concentrations of LiCl and TDG. Tumor-related genes (p53, p21, IL-8, TNF-α, MMP-2, Fas-L, Cox-2, and caspase-3) were assessed with 1/4 IC50, 1/2 IC50, IC50 concentrations by semi-quantitative RT- PCR...
2017: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Fangchao Zheng, Zhihua Sun, Jie Kan, Jiangxia Yin, Feng Du, Guoshuang Shen, Ziyi Wang, Dengfeng Ren, Xiaqing Bao, Jiuda Zhao
Purpose - We aimed to assess whether Helicobacter pylori infection influences prognosis in gastric cancer patients (GC). Methods - We systematically searched MEDLINE, PubMed, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) Register from inception to June 1, 2017. Overall survival (mean OS) or disease-free survival (mean DFS) in GC patients were calculated using the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Results - In total, 19 articles with 4,321 GC patients were enrolled. Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with longer OS (HR 0...
2017: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Nurul Amzar, Mohammad Iqbal
Liver diseases still represents a major health burden worldwide. Moreover, medicinal plants have gained popularity in the treatment of several diseases, including liver disease. Clidemia hirta possesses many medicinal properties for healing several diseases and for health maintenance. However, the hepatoprotective effects and antioxidative potential of C. hirta have not been fully investigated. In the present study, we evaluated the hepatoprotective and antioxidative potential of C. hirta against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injuries and oxidative damage in a murine model...
2017: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Yap Yenese, Chew Chian Wei, Jestin Chellian, Gaurav Gupta
Oral delivery of insulin is one of the most promising and anticipated areas in the treatment of diabetes, primarily because it may significantly improve the quality of life of diabetics who receive insulin regularly. Several problems have been reported regarding the subcutaneous delivery of insulin, ranging from cardiovascular complications to weight gain. One of the approaches to overcoming these issues is to administer insulin through the oral route. However, there are several challenges in developing an oral route for insulin delivery; insulin has extremely poor bioavailability and a low diffusion rate through the mucus layer...
2017: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
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