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Chronobiology International

Samuel A Pullinger, Juha Oksa, Emma L Brocklehurst, Reece P Iveson, Antonia Newlove, Jatin G Burniston, Dominic A Doran, James M Waterhouse, Ben J Edwards
The present study investigated whether increasing morning rectal temperatures (Trec ) to resting.evening levels, or decreasing evening Trec or muscle (Tm ) temperatures to morning values, would influence repeated sprint (RS) performance in a causal manner. Twelve trained males underwent five sessions [age (mean ± SD) 21.8 ± 2.6 yr, peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text] peak) 60.6 ± 4.6 mL kg min-1 , stature 1.78 ± 0.07 m and body mass 76.0 ± 6.3 kg]. These included a control morning (M, 07:30 h) and evening (E, 17:30 h) session (5-min warm-up), and three further sessions consisting of a warm-up morning trial (ME , on a motorised treadmill) until Trec reached evening levels; and two cool-down evening trials (in 16-17°C water) until Trec (EMrec ) or Tm (EMmuscle ) values reached morning temperatures, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Chronobiology International
Marc N Jarczok, Corina Aguilar-Raab, Julian Koenig, Michael Kaess, Jeremy C Borniger, Randy J Nelson, Martica Hall, Beate Ditzen, Julian F Thayer, Joachim E Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Successful regulation of emotional states is positively associated to mental health, while difficulties in regulating emotions are negatively associated to overall mental health and in particular associated with anxiety or depression symptoms. A key structure associated to socio-emotional regulatory processes is the central autonomic network. Activity in this structure is associated to vagal activity can be indexed noninvasively and simply by measures of peripheral cardiac autonomic modulations such as heart rate variability...
March 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
Juan Fernando Paredes, Jose Fernando Lopez-Olmeda, Jose A Muñoz-Cueto, F Sánchez-Vázquez
This research aimed at investigating the light synchronization and endogenous origin of daily expression rhythms of eight key genes involved in epigenetic mechanisms (DNA methylation and demethylation) in zebrafish gonads. To this end, 84 zebrafish were distributed into six tanks, each one containing 14 fish (7 males and 7 females). Animals were subjected to 12 h light:12 h dark cycles (LD, lights on at ZT0 h) and fed randomly three times a day during the light phase. Locomotor activity rhythms were recorded in each tank for 20 days to test their synchronization to light...
March 6, 2018: Chronobiology International
Lucas Mennetrier, Tatiana Lopez, Benoist Pruvot, Nadhir Yousfi, Olivier Armant, Hanae Hazhaz, Vincent Lhuissiez, Carmen Garrido, Johanna Chluba
HSF1 is a transcription factor that plays a key role in circadian resetting by temperature. We have used zebrafish embryos to decipher the roles of zHsf1, heat and light on zper2 transcription in vivo. Our results show that heat shock (HS) stimulated zper2 expression in the dark but has no cumulative effect combined with light. After light exposition, zper2 expression was 2.7 fold increased threefold in the hsf1-morphants in comparison to control embryos. Our results show that zHsf1 plays a positive role in HS-driven expression of zper2 in the dark but seems to act as an attenuator in the presence light...
March 6, 2018: Chronobiology International
Yan Su, Ewout Foppen, Frederico Sander Mansur Machado, Eric Fliers, Andries Kalsbeek
Plasma triglyceride (TG) levels show a clear daily rhythm, however, thus far it is still unknown whether this rhythm results from a daily rhythm in TG production, TG uptake or both. Previous studies have shown that feeding activity affects plasma TG concentrations, but it is not clear how the daily rhythm in feeding activity affects plasma TG concentrations. In the present study, we measured plasma TG concentrations and TG secretion rates in rats at 6 Zeitgeber times to investigate whether plasma TG concentrations and TG secretion show a daily rhythm...
February 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
Narin Ozturk, Dilek Ozturk, Zeliha Pala-Kara, Engin Kaptan, Serap Sancar-Bas, Nurten Ozsoy, Suzan Cinar, Gunnur Deniz, Xiao-Mei Li, Sylvie Giacchetti, Francis Lévi, Alper Okyar
The circadian timing system controls many biological functions in mammals including xenobiotic metabolism, detoxification, cell proliferation, apoptosis and immune functions. Everolimus is a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, whose immunosuppressant properties are both desired in transplant patients and unwanted in cancer patients, where it is indicated for its antiproliferative efficacy. Here we sought whether everolimus circadian timing would predictably modify its immunosuppressive effects so as to optimize this drug through timing...
February 5, 2018: Chronobiology International
Johan Björkqvist, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Liisa Kuula, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Aulikki Lano, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Marjaana Tikanmäki, Dieter Wolke, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Johan G Eriksson, Sture Andersson, Marja Vääräsmäki, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Petteri Hovi, Eero Kajantie
A preference for eveningness (being a "night owl") and preterm birth (<37 weeks of gestation) are associated with similar adversities, such as elevated blood pressure, impaired glucose regulation, poorer physical fitness, and lower mood. Yet, it remains unclear if and how preterm birth is associated with circadian preference. The aim of this study was to assess this association across the whole gestation range, using both objective and subjective measurements of circadian preference. Circadian preference was measured among 594 young adults (mean age 24...
January 30, 2018: Chronobiology International
Fan Zhang, Yingting Duan, Lili Xi, Mengmeng Wei, Axi Shi, Yan Zhou, Yuhui Wei, Xinan Wu
Bile acids (BAs), the most important endogenous and signaling molecules regulate the target transporters and enzymes at transcriptional level, participate in a wide variety of processes throughout the entire gastrointestinal tract to orchestrate homeostasis in vivo. BAs and their metabolism and transportation appear to follow the clear circadian rhythms, and they are recently proposed also as the potential chronobiological signals that can affect the molecular clock mechanism. Cholecystectomy are believed to affect the circadian rhythms of BAs and the relevant enterohepatic transporters and enzymes systems and their regulatory signaling pathways, for the reason that the circadian cycle of gallbladder filling and emptying play a pivotal role in controlling the flow of bile into the intestine and the enterohepatic circulation of BAs...
January 30, 2018: Chronobiology International
Junko Iwamoto, Kenji Obayashi, Miwa Kobayashi, Toshimichi Kotsuji, Rie Matsui, Kyoko Ito, Osamu Yoshida, Norio Kurumatani, Keigo Saeki
Light is crucial for the synchronization of internal biological rhythms with environmental rhythms. Hospitalization causes a range of unfavorable medical conditions, including delirium, sleep disturbances, depressed mood, and increased fall, especially in elderly people. The hospital room environment contributes significantly to patients' circadian physiology and behavior; however, few studies have evaluated light intensity in hospital settings. In this study, bedside light intensity during the daytime (6:00-21:00) was measured at 1-min intervals using a light meter on 4869 bed-days at the Inabe General Hospital in Mie, Japan (latitude 35°N), for approximately 1 month in each season...
January 26, 2018: Chronobiology International
Yasukazu Nakahata, Shiori Yasukawa, Fiqri Dizar Khaidizar, Shigeki Shimba, Takaaki Matsui, Yasumasa Bessho
Bmal1 is a core circadian clock gene. Bmal1-/- mice show disruption of the clock and premature aging phenotypes with a short lifespan. However, little is known whether disruption of Bmal1 leads to premature aging at cellular level. Here, we established primary mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells derived from Bmal1-/- mice and investigated its effects on cellular senescence. Unexpectedly, Bmal1-/- primary MEFs that showed disrupted circadian oscillation underwent neither premature replicative nor stress-induced cellular senescence...
January 26, 2018: Chronobiology International
Zoélia Camila Moura Bessa, Paula Rocha De Melo, Bruno S B Gonçalves, Carolina V M De Azevedo
In marmosets, social synchrony between circadian profiles of activity is stronger in animals that cohabit in a family. The activity of three breeding pairs was recorded by actiwatches to investigate the mechanisms involved in the synchrony between the circadian activity profiles during cohabitation in marmoset reproductive pairs. The dyads were submitted to LD 12:12 (21 days) and LL: 1) cohabitation (24 days), 2) removal of the cage mate (20 days), 3) reintroduction of the mate into the cage of the 1st situation (30 days) and 4) removal of the cage mate (7 days)...
January 26, 2018: Chronobiology International
Yukai Liu, Pengyu Gong, Meng Wang, Junshan Zhou
Different morbidities and mortalities of ischemic stroke may occur among seasons. For detecting the seasonal variations of severity after stroke onset and prognosis, we employed a retrospective analysis on a prospective regional hospital-based stroke registry and included a total of 1039 consecutive patients with onset date from January 2014 to December 2015. Patients were divided into four groups according to the onset seasons. Baseline characteristics, stroke subtypes, admission National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score in 90 d were recorded and compared...
January 26, 2018: Chronobiology International
Alex Agostini, Silvia Pignata, Roberta Camporeale, Kathryn Scott, Jillian Dorrian, Anne Way, Paul Ryan, James Martin, Declan Kennedy, Kurt Lushington
Studies suggest that there may be an association between sleep and growth; however, the relationship is not well understood. Changes in biology and external factors such as school schedule heavily impact the sleep of adolescents, during a critical phase for growth. This study assessed the changes in sleep across school days, weekends and school holidays, while also measuring height and weight changes, and self-reported alterations in food intake and physical activity. The impact of morningness-eveningness (M-E) on height change and weight gain was also investigated...
January 26, 2018: Chronobiology International
Narimen Yousfi, Mohamed Arbi Mejri, Mehdi Rouissi, Amri Hammami, Montassar Tabben, Anis Chaouachi, Monoem Haddad, Karim Chamari
Beliefs that lunar phases affect human physiology started in ancient times. Research has recently revealed that a physical fitness index increased in sedentary students at the new moon (NM) and full moon (FM) compared to other moon phases. However, the effect of lunar cycle (moon illumination and gravitational pull) on physical performance in athletes was not examined. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether short-term explosive performance can be influenced by the different phases of the lunar cycle...
January 25, 2018: Chronobiology International
Neha Agarwal, Ila Mishra, Sangeeta Rani, Vinod Kumar
We investigated if the duration and/or frequency of the light period affect 24-h rhythm of circadian clock genes in central and peripheral tissues of a non-photoperiodic songbird, the spotted munia (Lonchura punctulata), in which a circannual rhythm regulates the reproductive cycle. We monitored activity-rest pattern and measured 24-h mRNA oscillation of core clock (Bmal1, Clock, Per2, Cry1 and Cry2) and clock-controlled (E4bp4, Rorα and Rev-erbα) genes in the hypothalamus, retina, liver and gut of spotted munia subjected to an aberrant light-dark (LD) cycle (3...
January 25, 2018: Chronobiology International
Moisés Pérez-Mendoza, Julieta Berenice Rivera-Zavala, Asael H Rodríguez-Guadarrama, Luis M Montoya-Gomez, Agustín Carmona-Castro, Mauricio Díaz-Muñoz, Manuel Miranda-Anaya
Disruption of circadian rhythms influences the pathogenesis of obesity, particularly with the basic regulation of food intake and metabolism. A link between metabolism and the circadian clock is the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). The Neotomodon alstoni mouse, known as the "Mexican volcano mouse," may develop obesity if fed a normo-caloric diet. This manuscript documents the changes in part of the hepatic lipid homeostasis in both sexes of lean and obese N. alstoni mice, comparing the daily changes in the BMAL1 clock protein, in regulators of lipid metabolism (PGC-1α, PPARα-γ, SREBP-1c, and CPT-1α) and in free fatty acid (FFA) and hepatic triacylglyceride (TAG) metabolites in light-dark cycles...
January 25, 2018: Chronobiology International
Mariana Batista Ribeiro, Daniele Manfredini, Cláudia Tavares-Silva, Leandro Costa, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Saul Paiva, Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia
Sleep bruxism (SB) in children has been associated with several sleep characteristics, which may alter their sleep pattern. This change affects the internal biological clock and consequently the chronotype profile. The aim of this study was to evaluate the existence of an association between possible SB in children with specific chronotype profiles and sleep characteristics. The study included 207 parents/guardians of children aged between 3 and 12 years who were waiting for their children's dental treatment at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
January 24, 2018: Chronobiology International
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Chronobiology International
Christina Korownyk, Fangwei Liu, Scott Garrison
The objective of this study is to determine whether human body odors undergo seasonal modulation. We utilized google trends search volume from the United States of America from January 1, 2010 to June 24, 2017 for a number of predetermined body odors. Regression modeling of time series data was completed. Our primary outcome was to determine the proportion of the variability in Internet searches for each unpleasant odor (about the mean) that is explained by a seasonal model. We determined that the seasonal (sinusoidal) model provided a significantly better fit than the null model (best straight line fit) for all searches relating to human body odors (P <...
January 17, 2018: Chronobiology International
June J Pilcher, Fred S Switzer, Alec Munc, Janet Donnelly, Julia C Jellen, Claus Lamm
The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) in two languages, German and English. Students from a university in Austria (N = 292; 55 males; mean age = 18.71 ± 1.71 years; 237 females; mean age = 18.24 ± 0.88 years) and a university in the US (N = 329; 128 males; mean age = 18.71 ± 0.88 years; 201 females; mean age = 21.59 ± 2.27 years) completed the ESS. An exploratory-factor analysis was completed to examine dimensionality of the ESS...
January 17, 2018: Chronobiology International
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