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Journal of Microencapsulation

T P F Cabral, N C Bellini, K R Assis, C C C Teixeira, A D Lanchote, H Cabral, L A P de Freitas
The aim of this work was to obtain microencapsulated stable Aspergillus niger peptidases by post fermentation spray drying. The enzymatic extract was evaluated before and after spray drying microencapsulation to verify the effects of five different process parameters on the extract enzymatic activity, i.e. air flow, extract feed rate, drying temperature, homogenizing time and weight ratio of extract to encapsulation material. The optimal conditions were determined by desirability functions and experimentally confirmed...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Ki Hyun Kim, Tuan-Ho Le, Hee Kyung Oh, Bora Heo, Jeonghyun Moon, Sangmun Shin, Seong Hoon Jeong
Even though β-lapachone is a novel drug with pharmacological activity, it has limitations including instability under light conditions. The main purpose of the study was to enhance the stability of β-lapachone using the microencapsulation method. The Shirasu porous glass membrane was used to achieve uniform-sized microcapsules. The prepared microcapsules were evaluated to investigate how process parameters affect the encapsulation efficiency, photostability, and particle size distribution. The experimental design was conducted to obtain optimal formulations...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Pedro Henrique Campelo, Jayne de Abreu Figueiredo, Rosana Zacarias Domingues, Regiane Victória de Barros Fernandes, Diego Alvarenga Botrel, Soraia Vilela Borges
The aim of this work was to study the use of different prebiotic biopolymers in lime essential oil microencapsulation. Whey protein isolate, inulin and oligofructose biopolymers were used. The addition of prebiotic biopolymers reduced emulsion viscosity, althoughit produced larger droplet sizes (0.31-0.32µm). Moisture values (2.94-3.13 g/100 g dry solids) and water activity (0.152-0.185) were satisfactory, being within the appropriate range for powdered food quality.Total oil content, limonene retention values and antioxidant activity of the microparticles containing essential oildecreased in the presence of the carbohydrates...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Evandro Martins, Denis Poncelet, Ramila Cristiane Rodrigues, Denis Renard
In the first part of this article, it was described an innovative method of oil encapsulation from dripping-inverse gelation using W/O emulsions. It was noticed that the method of oil encapsulation was quite different depending on the emulsion type (W/O or O/W) used and that the emulsion structure (W/O or O/W) had a high impact on the dripping technique and the capsules characteristics. The objective of this article was to elucidate the differences between the dripping techniques using both emulsions and compare the capsules properties (mechanical resistance and release of actives)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Ana Kalušević, Steva Lević, Bojan Čalija, Milena Pantić, Miona Belović, Vladimir Pavlović, Branko Bugarski, Jela Milić, Slađana Žilić, Viktor Nedović
Black soybean coat is insufficiently valorised food production waste rich in anthocyanins. The goal of the study was to examine physicochemical properties of spray dried extract of black soybean coat in regard to carrier materials: maltodextrin, gum Arabic, and skimmed milk powder. Maltodextrin and gum Arabic-based microparticles were spherical and non-porous while skimmed milk powder-based were irregularly shaped. Low water activity of microparticles (0.31-0.33), good powders characteristics, high solubility (80...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Menghua Xiong, Qian Lei, Xinyu You, Tiantao Gao, Xuejiao Song, Yong Xia, Tinghong Ye, Lidan Zhang, Ningyu Wang, Luoting Yu
Mannose receptor (MR) is a highly effective endocytic receptor. It is closely related to tumour immune escape and metastasis. We found that MR was highly expressed in some colon cancer cell lines such as CT26 and HCT116 cells. Therefore, MR might be a potential target in colon cancer therapy. In this study, we aimed to develop mannosylated liposomes containing anticancer drug paclitaxel and investigate the potential effects on targeted therapy for colon cancer. Mannosylated liposomes were prepared by film dispersion method...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Hamed Alizadeh Sardroud, Sorour Nemati, Ali Baradar Khoshfetrat, Mahbobeh Nabavinia, Younes Beygi Khosrowshahi
Influence of gelatine concentration and cross-linker ions of Ca(2+) and Ba(2+) was evaluated on characteristics of alginate hydrogels and proliferation behaviours of model adherent and suspendable stem cells of fibroblast and U937 embedded in alginate microcapsules. Increasing gelatine concentration to 2.5% increased extent of swelling to 15% and 25% for barium- and calcium-cross-linked hydrogels, respectively. Mechanical properties also decreased with increasing swelling of hydrogels. Both by increasing gelatine concentration and using barium ions increased considerably the proliferation of encapsulated model stem cells...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Michael Przyklenk, Marina Vemmer, Miriam Hanitzsch, Anant Patel
This study reports the development of encapsulated and dried entomopathogenic fungus Metarhiuzm brunneum with reduced conidia content, increased conidiation, a high drying survival and enhanced shelf life. Dried beads prepared with the fillers corn starch, potato starch, carboxymethylcellulose or autoclaved baker's yeast, showed enhanced survival with increasing filler content. The maximum survival of 82% was found for beads with 20% corn starch at <0.1 water activity. While increasing starch content inhibits the conidiation, autoclaved baker's yeast and a combination with starch enhanced the conidiation to 1...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Amira E El-Nahas, Ahmed N Allam, Amal H El-Kamel
Eudragit-loaded silymarin nanoparticles (SNPs) and their formulation into buccal mucoadhesive tablets were investigated to improve the low bioavailability of silymarin through buccal delivery. Characterisation of SNPs and silymarin buccal tablets (SBTs) containing the optimised NPs were performed. Ex vivo permeability of nominated SBTs were assessed using chicken pouch mucosa compared to SNPs and drug suspension followed by histopathological examination. Selected SNPs had a small size (<150 nm), encapsulation effciency (>77%) with drug release of about 90% after 6 h...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Murat Demirbilek, Nelisa Laçin Türkoglu, Selçuk Aktürk, Cem Akça
Vitamin D3 (VitD3) has several beneficial effects on many metabolic pathways such as immunity system, bone development. The aim of the study, encapsulation of VitD3 with solid lipids, determine encapsulation efficiency and biocompatibility of nanoparticles. Therefore, VitD3-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNPs) were developed by optimising ratios of VitD3, stearic acid, beeswax and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS). Thermal stability, degradation profile, crystallinity rate, encapsulation efficiency and release profile of SLNPs were determined...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Fábio J Rodrigues, Michele H Omura, Marina F Cedran, Robert F H Dekker, Aneli M Barbosa-Dekker, Sandra Garcia
Linseed and okra mucilages, the fungal exopolysaccharide botryosphaeran, and commercial fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) were used to microencapsulate Lactobacillus casei LC-01 and L. casei BGP 93 in sodium alginate microspheres by the extrusion technique in calcium chloride. The addition of carbohydrate biopolymers from linseed, okra and the fungal exocellular (1 → 3)(1 → 6)-β-D-glucan, named botryosphaeran provided higher encapsulation efficiency (EE) (>93% and >86%) for L. casei LC 01 and L. casei BGP 93, respectively...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Sudipta Chatterjee, Zaher M A Judeh
Fish oil microcapsules were successfully prepared from fish oil-in-water emulsions using chitosan as shell material and anionic surfactants sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS), sodium cholate (cholate), and sodium deoxycholate (DOC) as emulsifiers. The type of emulsifier influenced the physicochemical characteristics of the prepared microcapsules to different extents. The microcapsules formed with DOC showed the least mean effective diameter (MED) of 500 nm. Emulsion formed with DOC exhibited the smallest MED of 100 nm...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Jingyuan Xiong, Huile Gao
Tumour poses tremendous challenges to mankind. In various tumours, matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are ubiquitously over expressed and participate throughout the process of tumour development. MMPs are commonly used as internal stimuli, and MMPs-responsive nanomaterials are classified into three categories according to the drug delivery process: administration and distribution to tumour, intratumoural distribution and cell internalisation, and specific drug release. First, MMPs-sensitive polyethylene glycol (PEG) de-shielding and activatable cell penetrating peptides were developed to improve the blood circulation time of drug delivery systems, thereby, enhancing tumour or stroma cells recognition and penetration...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Pavlina Holcapkova, Martina Hrabalikova, Petra Stoplova, Vladimir Sedlarik
This work is focused on preparation of novel porous type of core-shell-structured microparticles based on polylactide (shell) and poly(vinyl alcohol) cross-linked with glutaric acid (GA) (core) prepared by water-in-oil-in-water solvent evaporation technique. The microparticle systems were used as delivery systems for immobilisation of model antibacterial agent - nisin. The effect of cross-linking and the initial amount of nisin on their morphology was investigated using scanning electron microscopy, BET analysis, zeta potential measurement and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
David Encinas-Basurto, Jaime Ibarra, Josué Juarez, María G Burboa, Silvia Barbosa, Pablo Taboada, Rosalba Troncoso-Rojas, Miguel A Valdez
The objective of this study is to establish the ability of entrap allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) into polymeric nanoparticles to extend its shelf life and enhance its antiproliferative properties. Natural compounds, such as AITC, have showed multi-targeting activity resulting in a wide-range spectrum of therapeutic properties in chronic and degenerative diseases, conversely with most current pharmaceutical drugs showing single targeting activity and often result in drug resistance after extended administration periods...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Omer Salman Qureshi, Hyung-Seo Kim, Alam Zeb, Jin-Seok Choi, Hoo-Seong Kim, Jung-Eun Kwon, Myung-Sic Kim, Jong-Ho Kang, Chongsuk Ryou, Jeong-Sook Park, Jin-Ki Kim
The aim of this study was to develop docetaxel-incorporated lipid nanoparticles (DTX-NPs) to improve the pharmacokinetic behaviour of docetaxel (DTX) after oral and parenteral administration via sustained release. DTX-NPs were prepared by nanotemplate engineering technique with palmityl alcohol as a solid lipid and Tween-40/Span-40/Myrj S40 as a surfactants mixture. Spherical DTX-NPs below 100 nm were successfully prepared with a narrow particle size distribution, 96% of incorporation efficiency and 686 times increase in DTX solubility...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Yijun Chen, James G Boyd, Mohammad Naraghi
A novel sequential processing approach to fabricate versatile fibres containing encapsulated materials is presented. It is based on developing highly porous fibres, to be filled with functional materials and coated with protective layers. Applicability of the approach to develop porous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) fibres with encapsulated antibacterial salts within a coating is demonstrated. The salt was introduced to the fibre via a sacrificial solvent. Desired solvent properties to ensure successful filling was discussed...
June 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Archu Singh, Yub Raj Neupane, Bibhu Prasad Panda, Kanchan Kohli
This study aims at developing an optimised nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) of lycopene for efficient absorption following oral administration. The optimised formulation showed an average particle size of 121.9 ± 3.66 nm, polydispersity index (PDI) 0.370 ± 0.97 and zeta potential -29.0 ± 0.83 mV. Encapsulation Efficiency (% EE) and drug loading (% DL) was found to be 84.50% ± 4.38 and 9.54% ± 2.65, respectively. In vitro release studies demonstrated the burst release within 4-9 h followed by sustained release over 48 h...
June 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Min Dai, Cong Wu, Hong-Ming Fang, Li Li, Jia-Bao Yan, Dan-Lin Zeng, Tao Zou
We prepared and characterised thermo-responsive magnetic liposomes, which were designed to combine features of magnetic targeting and thermo-responsive control release for hyperthermia-triggered local drug delivery. The particle size and zeta-potential of the thermo-responsive magnetic ammonium bicarbonate (MagABC) liposomes were about 210 nm and -14 mV, respectively. The MagABC liposomes showed encapsulation efficiencies of about 15% and 82% for magnetic nanoparticles (mean crystallite size 12 nm) and doxorubicin (DOX), respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Stefani Cortés-Camargo, Julian Cruz-Olivares, Blanca E Barragán-Huerta, Octavio Dublán-García, Angélica Román-Guerrero, César Pérez-Alonso
Mesquite gum (MG) and nopal mucilage (NM) mixtures were used for microencapsulation of lemon essential oil (LEO) by spray drying. Emulsions of MG, NM and MG-NM mixtures (25-75, 50-50, 75-25) were evaluated according to the droplet size (1.49-9.16 μm), viscosity and zeta potential (-16.07 to -20.13 mV), and microcapsules were characterised in particle size (11.9-44.4 μm), morphology, volatile oil retention (VOR) (45.9-74.4%), encapsulation efficiency (EE) (70.9-90.6%), oxidative stability and thermal analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
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