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Food Additives and Contaminants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18027192/food-additives-and-contaminants
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18027191/index-of-keywords-volume-24
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18027190/list-of-referees-volume-24
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18027189/index-of-authors-volume-24
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18027188/high-performance-liquid-chromatographic-method-for-the-simultaneous-detection-of-the-adulteration-of-cereal-flours-with-melamine-and-related-triazine-by-products-ammeline-ammelide-and-cyanuric-acid
#5
S Ehling, S Tefera, I P Ho
Melamine has been used for the adulteration of cereal flours in order to increase their apparent protein content. Crude melamine may contain several by-products, i.e. ammeline, ammelide, and cyanuric acid. The simultaneous analysis of all four chemicals is difficult because of the formation of an insoluble salt between melamine and cyanuric acid. A simple and convenient high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the detection of the adulteration of cereal flours with all four chemicals is proposed herein...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17917911/mycotoxin-occurrence-and-aspergillus-flavus-soil-propagules-in-a-corn-and-cotton-glyphosate-resistant-cropping-systems
#6
K N Reddy, H K Abbas, R M Zablotowicz, C A Abel, C H Koger
The effects of cotton-corn rotation and glyphosate use on levels of soil-borne Aspergillus flavus, aflatoxin and fumonisin contamination in corn and cotton seed were determined during 2002-2005 in Stoneville, Mississippi (USA). There were four rotation systems (continuous cotton, continuous corn, cotton-corn and corn-cotton) for both glyphosate-resistant (GR) and non-GR cultivars-herbicide system arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Aspergillus flavus populations in surface (5-cm depth) soil, sampled before planting (March/April), mid-season June) and after harvest (September), ranged from 1...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17906998/occurrence-and-fate-of-fusarium-mycotoxins-during-commercial-processing-of-oats-in-the-uk
#7
K A Scudamore, H Baillie, S Patel, S G Edwards
The commercial processing of oats is different from that of other cereals, such as wheat and maize. In northwest Europe, oats also appear to be more susceptible to contamination with HT-2 and T-2 toxins than other cereals. Mycotoxins, such as deoxynivanol and zearalenone, in cereals are already controlled by EU legislation. With regard to additional, impending legislation, this study examined HT-2 and T-2 toxins together with zearalenone, deoxynivalenol and other related toxins in a commercial oat mill and how the concentrations varied from raw oats to the final prepared oat flakes...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852393/peanut-and-hazelnut-traces-in-cookies-and-chocolates-relationship-between-analytical-results-and-declaration-of-food-allergens-on-product-labels
#8
Maria Pele, Marcel Brohée, Elke Anklam, Arjon J Van Hengel
Accidental exposure to hazelnut or peanut constitutes a real threat to the health of allergic consumers. Correct information regarding food product ingredients is of paramount importance for the consumer, thereby reducing exposure to food allergens. In this study, 569 cookies and chocolates on the European market were purchased. All products were analysed to determine peanut and hazelnut content, allowing a comparison of the analytical results with information provided on the product label. Compared to cookies, chocolates are more likely to contain undeclared allergens, while, in both food categories, hazelnut traces were detected at higher frequencies than peanut...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852390/determination-of-naturally-occurring-oestrogens-and-androgens-in-retail-samples-of-milk-and-eggs
#9
F Courant, J P Antignac, D Maume, F Monteau, F Andre, B Le Bizec
The occurrence of the main steroid hormones (oestrone, 17alpha-oestradiol, 17beta-oestradiol, 17alpha-testosterone, 17beta-testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, 4-androstenedione), especially in milk and eggs, was investigated. An analytical method based on GC-MS/MS was developed for steroid measurement at an ultra-trace level in food products. The limits of detection for oestrogens were about 5 and 30 ng kg(-1) in milk and eggs, respectively. For androgens, the limits of detection were around 10 and 50 ng kg(-1) in milk and eggs, respectively...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852389/probabilistic-approach-to-polychlorinated-biphenyl-pcb-exposure-through-eel-consumption-in-recreational-fishermen-vs-the-general-population
#10
M Bilau, I Sioen, C Matthys, A De Vocht, G Goemans, C Belpaire, J L Willems, S De Henauw
Concentrations of the sum of the seven indicator PCBs (Sigma7 iPCBs) measured in non-commercial European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) in Flanders are high: in 80% of all sampled localities, the Belgian PCB standard for fish was exceeded. The objective of this study was to assess the intake of the Sigma7 iPCBs through consumption of eel by recreational fishermen and to compare it to the intake of a background population. The median estimated intake for recreational fishermen varied between 18.4 and 237.6 ng iPCBs kg(-1) bw day(-1), depending on the consumption scenario, while the estimated intake of the background population (consumers only) was 4...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852388/validation-of-two-enzyme-immunoassays-for-aminoglycoside-residues-according-to-european-decision-657-2002
#11
Francesca Diana, Maurizio Paleologo, Lidija Persic
Aminoglycoside antibiotics are commonly used to treat bacterial infections in human and veterinary practice. Owing to their toxicity, the European Community has established maximum residue limits (MRL) in foodstuffs of animal origin (EEC No 2377/90). In the present study, the performance of two new enzyme immunoassays (EIA), I'screen Gentamicin and I'screen Neomycin, for the quantitative detection of the aminoglycosides, gentamicin and neomycin, in milk and tissue are described. Validation of these EIAs has been performed in accordance to the criteria of European Decision 657/2002...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852384/mercury-in-fish-concentration-vs-fish-size-and-estimates-of-mercury-intake
#12
M M Storelli, G Barone, G Piscitelli, G O Marcotrigiano
Total mercury concentrations were determined in different fish size classes of commercial importance such as, conger eel (Conger conger), starry ray (Raja asterias), forkbeard (Phycis blennoides), frostfish (Lepidopus caudatus), striped mullet (Mullus barbatus), red gurnard (Aspitrigla cuculus) and yellow gurnard (Trigla lucerna) in order to evaluate variations in consumer exposure to mercury as a function of fish consumption of a spectrum of different sizes. The highest mean levels of total mercury were detected in conger eel (0...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852379/detection-of-dehydroepiandrosterone-and-androsterone-in-a-traditional-chinese-herbal-product
#13
Peng Zou, Ping Chen, Sharon Sze-Yin Oh, Kin-Har Kiang, Min-Yong Low
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androsterone (ADT) were detected in a traditional Chinese herbal product by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). DHEA and ADT were tentatively identified by comparing their electron ionization (EI) mass spectra with those in the GC-MS Wiley database. A multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) scan was performed in LC-MS/MS to confirm the presence of the DHEA and ADT in the herbal product extract. Both the [M + H]+ and the [M + NH4]+ of DHEA and ADT were selected as the precursor ions...
December 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852403/assessment-of-the-stability-of-pesticides-during-the-cryogenic-processing-of-fruits-and-vegetables
#14
R J Fussell, M T Hetmanski, A Colyer, M Caldow, F Smith, D Findlay
An evaluation of the stability of pesticides in fruit and vegetables during cryogenic sample processing (comminution of samples in the presence of dry ice) is reported. Pesticides were spiked onto the undamaged surface of individual units of fruit before freezing and comminution. The mean recoveries of pesticides spiked before and after comminution of the sample were compared to determine the relative stability of the individual pesticides during cryogenic sample processing. A stable internal deposition standard (IDS) was used to correct for physical losses and volumetric errors...
November 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852402/exposure-to-patulin-from-consumption-of-apple-based-products
#15
L González-Osnaya, J M Soriano, J C Moltó, J Mañes
Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by species of Penicillium, Aspergillus and Byssochylamys. Several Scientific Committees classify patulin as mutagenic, embryotoxic and immunotoxic. It has been found as a natural contaminant of processed apple products and its presence may be indicative of the quality of fruit used in production. In this work, a method for the analysis of patulin is described, based on a simple liquid-liquid extraction with acetonitrile; patulin is analyzed using liquid chromatography with UV detection...
November 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852401/modelling-non-systemic-pesticide-residues-in-fruits-with-initial-deposit-variability-and-weather-effects
#16
R Huo, J D Salazar, K Hyder, X-M Xu
A flexible and generic model was developed to predict the decline of residues of a non-systemic pesticide for both single and multi-spray situations as well as for different tree canopy zones. The model predicts not only the average residue levels, but also the confidence interval of the residues through either a deterministic or a stochastic approach. This generic model includes several key aspects of residue fates in the environment: initial deposit, physical loss and growth dilution. The model considers a tree canopy in three distinct zones for which initial deposition of pesticides may differ...
November 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852400/hair-mercury-levels-in-relation-to-fish-consumption-in-a-community-of-the-moroccan-mediterranean-coast
#17
REVIEW
Hecham Elhamri, Larbi Idrissi, Marina Coquery, Sabine Azemard, Abdellah El Abidi, Mohamed Benlemlih, Mohamed Saghi, Francesco Cubadda
Coastal populations with high seafood consumption in the Mediterranean have a significant exposure to dietary methylmercury, and areas where environmental mercury pollution is an issue due to industrial activities are of special concern. The study was undertaken with the aim of assessing methylmercury exposure through fish consumption in a community of north Morocco and characterizing the relevant health risk. Concentrations of total mercury were determined in human hair, a biomarker of methylmercury exposure, and in locally consumed fish by cold vapour atomic absorption spectrophotometry...
November 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852399/determination-of-ochratoxin-a-in-grapes-of-greek-origin-by-immunoaffinity-and-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#18
Konstantinos Meletis, Sofia Meniades-Meimaroglou, Panagiota Markaki
A simple analytical method for ochratoxin A (OTA) determination in grapes is described, using aqueous methanolic extraction, an immunoaffinity column clean-up step and high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Mean recovery was 94% (RSD = 4.0%) with a detection limit of 0.4 ng g(-1) and quantification limit of 1.20 ng g(-1). Repeatability (r) and reproducibility (R) were 1.17 and 1.34, respectively. OTA determinations were applied to 50 grape samples (23 different varieties) originating from representative regions of Greece...
November 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852397/public-information-campaign-on-aflatoxin-contamination-of-maize-grains-in-market-stores-in-benin-ghana-and-togo
#19
B James, C Adda, K Cardwell, D Annang, K Hell, S Korie, M Edorh, F Gbeassor, K Nagatey, G Houenou
Rotary International with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) conducted an information campaign from 2000 to 2004 to increase public awareness of aflatoxin in Benin, Ghana and Togo. Key informant interviews with 2416 respondents showed poor baseline knowledge of aflatoxin and its health risks. The campaign included monitoring of aflatoxin contamination in maize grains from market stores in 38 cities and towns. Aflatoxin concentration in contaminated samples ranged from 24 to 117.5 ng g(-1) in Benin, from 0...
November 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17852396/4-hydroxy-2-alkenals-in-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-fortified-infant-formulas-and-other-commercial-food-products
#20
J Surh, S Lee, H Kwon
4-Hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) were determined using selected ion-monitoring gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in 56 kinds of commercially available PUFA-fortified foods including infant formulas and baby foods. HHE and HNE, each specifically coming from the oxidation of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), were observed at <10-77 and 41-132 microg kg(-1) in the infant formulas (n = 12) and at <10-52 and 36-116 microg kg(-1) in the baby foods (n = 7), respectively...
November 2007: Food Additives and Contaminants
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