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Aquatic Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912163/reproduction-impairment-and-endocrine-disruption-in-adult-zebrafish-danio-rerio-after-waterborne-exposure-to-tboep
#1
Qinglong Xu, Ding Wu, Yao Dang, Liqin Yu, Chunsheng Liu, Jianghua Wang
Tris (2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) is widely used as a substitute of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). It has been frequently measured at concentrations of micrograms per liter (μg/L) in surface waters and waste water. However, limited information is available about the reproduction toxicology of TBOEP. In this study, adult zebrafish pairs were exposed to TBOEP at concentrations of 0, 5, 50, and 500μg/L for 21days. The effects on reproduction, hormone concentration, transcription of genes along the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, and gonadal development were investigated...
November 24, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912165/biomarker-analysis-of-american-toad-anaxyrus-americanus-and-grey-tree-frog-hyla-versicolor-tadpoles-following-exposure-to-atrazine
#2
Marcía N Snyder, W Matthew Henderson, Donna A Glinski, S Thomas Purucker
The objective of the current study was to use a biomarker-based approach to investigate the influence of atrazine exposure on American toad (Anaxyrus americanus) and grey tree frog (Hyla versicolor) tadpoles. Atrazine is one of the most frequently detected herbicides in environmental matrices throughout the United States. In surface waters, it has been found at concentrations from 0.04-2859μg/L and thus presents a likely exposure scenario for non-target species such as amphibians. Studies have examined the effect of atrazine on the metamorphic parameters of amphibians, however, the data are often contradictory...
November 21, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893995/combined-effects-of-cadmium-temperature-and-hypoxia-reoxygenation-on-mitochondrial-function-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#3
John O Onukwufor, Don Stevens, Collins Kamunde
Although aquatic organisms face multiple environmental stressors that may interact to alter adverse outcomes, our knowledge of stressor-stressor interaction on cellular function is limited. We investigated the combined effects of cadmium (Cd), hypoxia-reoxygenation (H-R) and temperature on mitochondrial function. Liver mitochondria from juvenile rainbow trout were exposed to Cd (0-20μM) and H-R (0 and 5min) at 5, 13 and 25°C followed by measurements of mitochondrial Cd load, volume, complex І active (A)↔deactive (D) transition, membrane potential, ROS release and ultrastructural changes...
November 18, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888766/circadian-time-dependent-antioxidant-and-inflammatory-responses-to-acute-cadmium-exposure-in-the-brain-of-zebrafish
#4
Jia-Lang Zheng, Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Chang-Wen Wu, Zhen-Ming Lv, Ai-Yi Zhu
Up to date, little information is available on effects of circadian rhythm on metal-induced toxicity in fish. In this study, zebrafish were acutely exposed to 0.97mgL(-1) cadmium for 12h either at ZT0 (the light intensity began to reached maximum) or at ZT12 (light intensity began to reached minimum) to evaluate the temporal sensitivity of oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in the brain of zebrafish. Profiles of responses of some genes at mRNA, protein and activity levels were different between ZT0 and ZT12 in the normal water...
November 18, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886581/a-multi-omic-approach-to-elucidate-low-dose-effects-of-xenobiotics-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-larvae
#5
Susie S Y Huang, Jonathan P Benskin, Nik Veldhoen, Bharat Chandramouli, Heather Butler, Caren C Helbing, John R Cosgrove
Regulatory-approved toxicity assays such as the OECD Fish Embryo Toxicity Assay (TG236) allow correlation of chemical exposure to adverse morphological phenotypes. However, these assays are ineffective in assessing sub-lethal (i.e. low-dose) effects, or differentiating between similar phenotypes induced by different chemicals. Inclusion of multi-omic analyses in studies investigating xenobiotic action provides improved characterization of biological response, thereby enhancing prediction of toxicological outcomes in whole animals in the absence of morphological effects...
November 18, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912164/manganese-ii-chloride-alters-behavioral-and-neurochemical-parameters-in-larvae-and-adult-zebrafish
#6
Stefani Altenhofen, Melissa Talita Wiprich, Laura Roesler Nery, Carlos Eduardo Leite, Monica Ryff Moreira Roca Vianna, Carla Denise Bonan
Manganese (Mn) is an essential metal for organisms, but high levels can cause serious neurological damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of MnCl2 exposure on cognition and exploratory behavior in adult and larval zebrafish and correlate these findings with brain accumulation of Mn, overall brain tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) levels, dopamine (DA) levels, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) levels and cell death markers in the nervous system. Adults exposed to MnCl2 for 4days (0.5, 1.0 and 1...
November 17, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889504/responses-of-the-sea-anemone-exaiptasia-pallida-to-ocean-acidification-conditions-and-zinc-or-nickel-exposure
#7
Christina G Duckworth, Codie R Picariello, Rachel K Thomason, Krina S Patel, Gretchen K Bielmyer-Fraser
Ocean acidification, caused by increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), is a growing concern in marine environments. Land-based sources of pollution, such as metals, have also been a noted problem; however, little research has addressed the combined exposure of both pollutants to coral reef organisms. In this study we examined tissue metal accumulation and physiological effects (activity of anti-oxidant enzymes, catalase and glutathione reductase) in the sea anemone, Exaiptasia pallida after exposure to increased CO2, as well as zinc (Zn) or nickel (Ni)...
November 17, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886582/crude-extract-of-cyanobacteria-radiocystis-fernandoi-strain-r28-induces-liver-impairments-in-fish
#8
M G Paulino, D Tavares, F Bieczynski, P G Pedrão, N E S Souza, M M Sakuragui, C M Luquet, A P Terezan, J B Fernandes, A Giani, M N Fernandes
Radiocystis fernandoi R28 strain is a cyanobacterium which produces mostly the RR and YR microcystin variants (MC-RR and MC-YR, respectively). The effects of crude extract of the R. fernandoi strain R28 were evaluated on the protein phosphatases and on the structure and ultrastructure of the liver of the Neotropical fish, Hoplias malabaricus, after acute and subchronic exposure. Concomitantly, the accumulation of the majority of MCs was determined in the liver and muscle. The fish were exposed to 120.60 MC-RR+MC-LR kg-fish(-1) (=100μg MC-LReq kg-fish(-1)) for 12 and 96h (one single dose, acute exposure) and 30days (one similar dose every 72h, subchronic exposure)...
November 17, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871005/nickel-affects-gill-and-muscle-development-in-oriental-fire-bellied-toad-bombina-orientalis-embryos
#9
Chan Jin Park, Sang Ha Song, Dae Han Kim, Myung Chan Gye
The developmental toxicity of nickel was examined in the embryos of Bombina orientalis, a common amphibian in Korea. Based on a standard frog embryo teratogenesis assay, the LC50 and EC50 for malformation of nickel after 168h of treatment were 33.8μM and 5.4μM, respectively. At a lethal concentration (100μM), nickel treatment decreased the space between gill filaments and caused epithelial swelling and abnormal fusion of gill filaments. These findings suggest that nickel affects the functional development of gills, leading to embryonic death...
November 15, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871004/bde-47-exposure-changed-the-immune-function-of-haemocytes-in-mytilus-edulis-an-explanation-based-on-ros-mediated-pathway
#10
Yongshun Jiang, Xuexi Tang, Tianli Sun, You Wang
Brominated Tetra-BDE (BDE-47), is suggested to be widely distributed in marine environments and highly accumulated in marine organisms. Blue mussel Mytilus edulis is a sentinel organism that is commonly used for monitoring chemical contaminants in coastal ecosystems, and its haemocytes play an essential role in immune function. Therefore, we estimated the effects of BDE-47 exposure on the M. edulis haemocytes' immune function under controlled laboratory conditions. The study found the following results: (1) BDE-47 exposure increased the mortality of the haemocytes and decreased the total haemocyte counts...
November 11, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907851/effects-of-antiandrogenic-progestins-chlormadinone-and-cyproterone-acetate-and-the-estrogen-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol-ee2-and-their-mixtures-transactivation-with-human-and-rainbowfish-hormone-receptors-and-transcriptional-effects-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-eleuthero
#11
Patricia Franziska Siegenthaler, Peter Bain, Francesco Riva, Karl Fent
Synthetic progestins act as endocrine disrupters in fish but their risk to the environment is not sufficiently known. Here, we focused on an unexplored antiandrogenic progestin, chlormadinone acetate (CMA), and the antiandrogenic progestin cyproterone acetate (CPA). The aim was to evaluate whether their in vitro interaction with human and rainbowfish (Melanotaenia fluviatilis) sex hormone receptors is similar. Furthermore, we investigated their activity in zebrafish (Danio rerio) eleuthero-embryos. First, we studied agonistic and antagonistic activities of CMA, CPA, and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), in recombinant yeast expressing either the human progesterone (PGR), androgen (AR), or estrogen receptor...
November 9, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887746/behaviour-revised-contaminant-effects-on-aquatic-animal-behaviour
#12
EDITORIAL
Greg Pyle, Alex T Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855320/mir-122-promotes-hepatic-antioxidant-defense-of-genetically-improved-farmed-tilapia-gift-oreochromis-niloticus-exposed-to-cadmium-by-directly-targeting-a-metallothionein-gene
#13
Jun Qiang, Yi-Fan Tao, Jie He, Pao Xu, Jin-Wen Bao, Yi-Lan Sun
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate target gene expression by binding to the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of the target mRNA. MiRNAs regulate a large variety of genes, including those involved in liver homeostasis and energy metabolism. Down-regulated levels of hepatic miR-122 were found in genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to cadmium (Cd) stress. Here, we report for the first time that reduction of miR-122 post-transcriptionally increased metallothionein (MT) mRNA levels by binding to its 3'UTR, as shown by a 3' UTR luciferase reporter assay...
November 9, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846396/humic-dissolved-organic-carbon-drives-oxidative-stress-and-severe-fitness-impairments-in-daphnia
#14
Manja Saebelfeld, Laëtitia Minguez, Johanna Griebel, Mark O Gessner, Justyna Wolinska
Increases in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the form of humic substances, causing browning of surface water, have been reported worldwide. Field surveys indicate that higher DOC levels can influence primary production and thus plankton composition. Experimental studies on the direct effects of humic DOC on aquatic organisms have shown varying results depending on concentration and additional environmental factors. Moreover, changes in life-histories and stress responses have usually been tested separately, rather than in combination...
November 9, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842272/effect-of-antidepressants-on-circadian-rhythms-in-fish-insights-and-implications-regarding-the-design-of-behavioural-toxicity-tests
#15
Steven D Melvin
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) are widely prescribed for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Consequently, these compounds are frequently identified in global waterways where they may pose a hazard to aquatic biota. Evidence demonstrates these compounds to be capable of influencing the behaviour of fish, but the relevance of many reported behavioural endpoints is unclear and the value of some findings has been questioned...
November 9, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842270/the-organic-anion-transporting-polypeptide-1a5-is-a-pivotal-transporter-for-the-uptake-of-microcystin-lr-by-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-neurons
#16
Jie Ding, Jing Wang, Zou Xiang, Weiyi Diao, Moxi Su, Weiwei Shi, Ting Wan, Xiaodong Han
Microcystins (MCs) are widely distributed hepatotoxic polypeptides produced by cyanobacteria. Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) has the broadest distribution and strongest toxicity among more than 80 isoforms of hepatotoxic MCs. MC-LR suppresses the expression of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) that is critically required for the release of testosterone, resulting in the induction of male reproductive toxicity. However, the specific mechanisms of the uptake of MC-LR by GnRH-secreting neurons still remain unclear...
November 9, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866075/bioaccumulation-and-subcellular-partitioning-of-cr-iii-and-cr-vi-in-the-freshwater-green-alga-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#17
Imad Aharchaou, Maikel Rosabal, Fengjie Liu, Eric Battaglia, Davide A L Vignati, Claude Fortin
Chromium occurs in aquatic environments under two main redox forms, namely Cr(III) and Cr(VI), with different geochemical and biochemical properties. Cr(VI) readily crosses biological membranes of living organisms and once inside the cells it undergoes a rapid reduction to Cr(III). The route of entry for the latter form is, however, poorly known. Using the radioactive tracer (51)Cr we compared the accumulation (absorption and adsorption) of the two Cr forms by the green unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardii after 1h and 72h of exposure to 100nM of either Cr(III) or Cr(VI) at pH 7...
November 6, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842271/molecular-responses-of-walleye-sander-vitreus-embryos-to-naphthenic-acid-fraction-components-extracted-from-fresh-oil-sands-process-affected-water
#18
Julie R Marentette, Kathleena Sarty, Andrew M Cowie, Richard A Frank, L Mark Hewitt, Joanne L Parrott, Christopher J Martyniuk
Naphthenic acid fraction components (NAFCs) are constituents of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW), which is generated as a result of unconventional oil production via surface mining in the Athabasca oil sands region. NAFCs are often considered to be major drivers of OSPW toxicity to various taxa, including fishes. However, the molecular targets of these complex mixtures are not fully elucidated. Here we examined the effects in walleye (Sander vitreus) embryos after exposure to NAFCs extracted from fresh OSPW...
November 5, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875797/determining-lower-threshold-concentrations-for-synergistic-effects
#19
Maj-Britt Andersen Bjergager, Kristoffer Dalhoff, Andreas Kretschmann, Katrine Banke Nørgaard, Philipp Mayer, Nina Cedergreen
Though only occurring rarely, synergistic interactions between chemicals in mixtures have long been a point of focus. Most studies analyzing synergistic interactions used unrealistically high chemical concentrations. The aim of the present study is to determine the threshold concentration below which proven synergists cease to act as synergists towards the aquatic crustacean Daphnia magna. To do this, we compared several approaches and test-setups to evaluate which approach gives the most conservative estimate for the lower threshold for synergy for three known azole synergists...
October 24, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788452/effects-of-alkylphenols-on-the-biotransformation-of-diuron-and-enzymes-involved-in-the-synthesis-and-clearance-of-sex-steroids-in-juvenile-male-tilapia-oreochromus-mossambica
#20
Andréia A Felício, Jordan Crago, Lindley A Maryoung, Eduardo A Almeida, Daniel Schlenk
Previous studies using in vivo bioassay guided fractionation indicated that the herbicide diuron (3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) and alkylphenol (AP)-containing surfactants were detected in fractions of extracts that induced the estrogenic biomarker, vitellogenin in fish exposed to surface water extracts from the United States. However, when the compounds were evaluated individually using in vivo estrogenic assays or in vitro estrogen receptor assays, estrogenic activity was not observed. Since APs have been shown to alter activity and content of cytochrome P450s (CYP) which convert diuron to potential estrogenic metabolites, the hepatic biotransformation of diuron was measured with and without a 7day pretreatment of p-Octylphenol (OP) and p-Nonylphenol (NP) at low (OP 13ng/L+NP 91ng/L), and high concentrations (OP 65ng/L+NP 455ng/L) in juvenile male Nile tilapia (Oreochromus niloticus)...
October 22, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
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