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Seminars in Hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038459/vestibular-rehabilitation-for-children
#1
REVIEW
Rose Marie Rine
This article focuses on vestibular rehabilitation (VR) for children. Reports of the presence of vestibular dysfunction in infants, young children, and adolescents have increased over the past decade. In addition to being a comorbidity of sensorineural hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction has been noted in children with cytomegalovirus, late prematurity, and concussion, to name a few. Despite ample evidence and reports of VR for adults, the selection and provision of exercises to be included in the VR protocol for children vary, depending on the nature of the lesion, impairments identified, age at the time of lesion, and developmental factors such as critical periods of development and intermodality interdependence...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038458/considerations-for-testing-and-treating-children-with-central-vestibular-impairments
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer B Christy
This perspective explores common pediatric diagnoses that could present with central vestibular pathway dysfunction, leading to delays in motor development and postural control, and gaze instability. Specifically, the following diagnoses are considered: cerebral palsy, myelomeningocele, vestibular migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorder, concussion, childhood cancer, congenital muscular torticollis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and autism. Suggestions for clinical screening, vestibular function testing, and vestibular rehabilitation for children with these diagnoses are based on evidence for the efficacy of testing and interventions for children with peripheral vestibular hypofunction...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038457/cochlear-implants-and-children-with-vestibular-impairments
#3
REVIEW
Sharon L Cushing, Blake C Papsin
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children occurs in 1 to 3% of live births and acquired hearing loss can additionally occur. This sensory deficit has far reaching consequences that have been shown to extend beyond speech and language development. Thankfully there are many therapeutic options that exist for these children with the aim of decreasing the morbidity of their hearing impairment. Of late, focus has shifted beyond speech and language outcomes to the overall performance of children with SNHL in real-world environments...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038456/vestibular-and-oculomotor-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Anwar Almutairi, Jennifer Braswell Christy, Laura Vogtle
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a nonprogressive permanent brain injury that causes an impairment of movement and posture. This scoping review aimed to answer the following questions: (1) "What is the status of oculomotor function in children with CP?" (2) "What is the status of vestibular function (i.e., gaze stability, perception of vertical, vestibular-related balance abilities) in children with CP?" Using Arksey's and O'Malley's five-stage framework, we searched six online databases for relevant articles...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038455/oculomotor-assessment-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Steven M Doettl, Devin L McCaslin
Oculomotor evaluation as part of videonystagmography is an integral tool in the assessment of vestibular function providing a global assessment of the neurological pathways associated with oculomotor function. The value of an oculomotor evaluation for pediatric evaluation is well established; however, many questions can also arise with the application to the pediatric population. Oculomotor function is age dependent which can have a significant effect on the test results obtain in children. The underlying neural substrates and age effects are discussed across the literature with specific results from recent research using clinical oculomotor equipment and protocols...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038454/quantitative-vestibular-function-testing-in-the-pediatric-population
#6
REVIEW
Kristen L Janky, Amanda I Rodriguez
Quantitative tests of vestibular function include the caloric test, cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP), rotary chair, and head impulse test, either at the bedside or utilizing video head impulse test (vHIT). The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of how to perform these tests in children, including which tests are recommended based on the child's age and any modifications or considerations that can be made. A variety of clinical measures have been recommended as screening measures for vestibular loss, which will be reviewed...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038453/development-of-a-pediatric-balance-center-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#7
REVIEW
Katheryn Bachmann, Violette Lavender, Micheal Castiglione
The growing evidence of the need for pediatric vestibular evaluation, as well as the availability of successful treatment options for children, is attracting the attention of many professionals and sparking much interest in the development of pediatric balance centers in North America. Complete balance function assessment and rehabilitation in children requires specialized knowledge and practices of professionals in multiple disciplines. While individual specialists provide useful test information and recommendations for patients, the collaboration of specialists working in a multidisciplinary fashion allows the information to become more powerful, providing the patients and their families with a comprehensive plan...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038452/epidemiology-of-vestibular-impairments-in-a-pediatric-population
#8
REVIEW
Sylvette R Wiener-Vacher, Juliette Quarez, Audrey Le Priol
The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of vestibular impairment (VI) in children ( n  = 2,528) referred for complete vestibular testing because of balance disorders (BD) or hearing loss (H). A VI was shown in 51.5% of the children tested (1,304/2,528). For BD (e.g., vertigo, dizziness, instability, delay in posturomotor development), VI was found in 36.5% ( n  = 379/1,037). The most frequent causes of BD with VI included inner ear malformation (13.5%), delay in posturomotor development (13...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038451/re-important-information-regarding-continuing-education-units-for-seminars-in-hearing-through-aaa-and-asha
#9
Catherine V Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930438/effects-of-including-information-about-hidden-hearing-loss-in-an-adopt-a-band-program-on-college-band-members-attitudes-toward-healthy-hearing-behaviors
#10
REVIEW
Katie L Seever, Carole E Johnson, Jonathan Baldwin, Jeffrey L Danhauer, Brian Wolfe, Stevana Jeannont
Young musicians may be at risk for developing cochlear synaptopathy (CS), or hidden hearing loss (HHL), that could lead to permanent music-induced hearing loss (MIHL). Patients with CS often complain of tinnitus and/or difficulty understanding speech in noisy situations, even though traditional audiometric testing indicates normal hearing. The aim of this article was to determine the effects of including information about HHL on an Adopt-A-Band program involving college band members' concern about and self-efficacy toward the prevention of MIHL...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915455/toward-the-future-of-early-intervention-for-adult-hearing-loss
#11
REVIEW
Carole E Johnson, Christi M Barbee, Jeffrey L Danhauer, Anna Marie Jilla, Suzanne H Kimball, Katie L Seever
This issue of Seminars in Hearing has focused on the early intervention of adult sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Contributions to this monograph have taken a contemporary issues approach to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mild SNHL. This article looks toward the future and discusses clinical and research implications for the early intervention of adult SNHL.
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915454/effectiveness-of-auditory-measures-for-detecting-hidden-hearing-loss-and-or-cochlear-synaptopathy-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Christi M Barbee, Jessica A James, Jin Hyung Park, Emily M Smith, Carole E Johnson, Shari Clifton, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Standard audiometric evaluations are not sensitive enough to identify hidden hearing loss (HHL) and/or cochlear synaptopathy (CS). Patients with either of these conditions frequently present with difficulty understanding speech in noise or other complaints such as tinnitus. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify articles in peer-reviewed journals that assessed the sensitivity of audiologic measures for detecting HHL and/or CS, and which showed potential for use in a clinical test battery for these disorders...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915453/benefits-from-satisfaction-with-and-self-efficacy-for-advanced-digital-hearing-aids-in-users-with-mild-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#13
REVIEW
Carole E Johnson, Anna Marie Jilla, Jeffrey L Danhauer, J Connor Sullivan, Kristin R Sanchez
Little evidence is available regarding outcomes of advanced digital technology (ADT) hearing aid wearers with mild sensorineural hearing loss (MSNHL). The purpose of this article is to report the characteristics of and outcomes for this population. A cross-sectional research design was employed with 56 participants from a private practice setting. The International Outcomes Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Measure of Audiologic Rehabilitation Self-Efficacy for Hearing Aids (MARS-HA) were completed, scored, and compared with normative data...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915452/disruptive-hearing-technologies-and-mild-sensorineural-hearing-loss-ii-current-research-on-affordable-hearing-technologies-and-direct-to-consumer-models
#14
REVIEW
Anna Marie Jilla, Carole E Johnson, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Recently, President Trump signed into law the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Reauthorization Act of 2017, which included the Over-the-Counter Hearing Aid Act designed to provide greater public accessibility to and affordability of amplification for individuals with self-identified mild and moderate hearing loss through the provision of over-the-counter (OTC) hearing aids (HAs) with a direct-to-consumer (DTC) delivery model. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and American Academy of Audiology Position Statements on OTC HAs state that these devices should only be used for adults with mild hearing losses...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915451/disruptive-hearing-technologies-and-mild-sensorineural-hearing-loss-i-accessibility-and-affordability-issues
#15
REVIEW
Anna Marie Jilla, Carole E Johnson, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Limited accessibility to and affordability of hearing health care (HHC) and hearing aids (HAs) are two reasons why people do not seek treatment for their hearing losses. This article is the first in a series of two and discusses affordability issues (i.e., billing models, cost-effectiveness, insurance coverage, and reimbursement) related to and provides a historical context for the Over-the-Counter Hearing Aid Act of 2017. This piece of legislation supports development of a new class of over-the-counter HAs that represents a disruptive technology that may transform the HHC industry by reducing costs specific to the device...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915450/hearing-aids-as-a-treatment-for-tinnitus-patients-with-slight-to-mild-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#16
REVIEW
Suzanne H Kimball, Carole E Johnson, Johnathan Baldwin, Kristen Barton, Caitlyn Mathews, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Persons with clinically significant tinnitus also may have mild sensorineural hearing loss (MSNHL). The purpose of this study was to describe patients with tinnitus and MSNHL and factors predicting hearing-aid uptake (HAU). We conducted a retrospective chart review with regression modeling of patients presenting to a specialty tinnitus clinic over a 2.5-year period. Stepwise logistic regression on data from patient charts was conducted. Of 133 patients seen, two-thirds had MSNHL (95% confidence interval [CI]: 58...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915449/the-early-intervention-of-hearing-loss-in-adults
#17
Carole E Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422718/what-s-in-your-teaching-toolbox
#18
REVIEW
Elaine Mormer
Educators are faced with an array of tools available to enhance learning outcomes in the classroom and clinic. These tools range from those that are very simple to those that are sufficiently complex to require an investment in learning time. This article summarizes a collection of teaching tools, ordered by the time involved in learning proficient use. Simple tools described include specific online blogs providing support for faculty and student writing and a simple method to capture and download videos from YouTube for classroom use...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422717/teaching-counseling-microskills-to-audiology-students-recommendations-from-professional-counseling-educators
#19
REVIEW
Kelly Beck, Jamie Kulzer
To provide the highest quality services, audiologists incorporate counseling into their professional practice. This article, written by professional counselors, highlights the distinction between services provided by professional counselors (i.e., psychotherapy) and counseling microskills used by all health and rehabilitation professionals. Effective application of counseling microskills facilitates a strong therapeutic alliance, which research shows contributes to positive therapeutic outcomes. Counseling microskills should be taught early in graduate programs, because they serve as the foundation for the therapeutic alliance and allow for more effective application of other therapeutic interventions...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422716/recognizing-and-reacting-to-risk-signs-for-patient-suicide
#20
REVIEW
Lori Zitelli, Catherine V Palmer
Evidence-based suggestions for developing an effective clinician-client relationship built upon trust and honesty will be shared, as well as a review of relevant scope of practice issues for audiologists. Audiologists need to be prepared if a patient threatens self-harm. Many patients do not spontaneously report their suicidal thoughts and intentions to their care providers, so we need to be alert to warning signs. Information about the strongest predictors of suicide, how to ask about suicidal intentions, and how to assess the risk of suicide will be presented...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
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