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Seminars in Hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374213/profound-hearing-loss-addressing-barriers-to-hearing-healthcare
#1
REVIEW
Sheila R Pratt
The impact of profound hearing loss on infants and adults is variable and greatly influenced by improved audition derived from hearing aids and cochlear implants. However, barriers to healthcare, hearing healthcare in particular, can offset the benefits provided by these sensory devices. Common barriers include cost, location, availability of trained professionals, acceptance of the hearing loss, language and cultural differences, secondary disabilities, and mental health issues. These barriers and their distinct presentations vary somewhat by age, language, and where people live (urban vs...
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374212/electric-and-acoustic-stimulation-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-hearing-preservation
#2
REVIEW
Christopher Welch, Margaret T Dillon, Harold C Pillsbury
Hearing loss affects 30 million people in the United States, and a subset of these patients have normal low-frequency hearing and ski-sloped high-frequency hearing loss. For these patients, hearing aids alone may not provide adequate benefit. Cochlear implantation alone has been utilized to improve speech perception. The addition of high-frequency electric hearing to low-frequency acoustic hearing in these patients is beneficial. Technical improvements have allowed preservation of low-frequency hearing in cochlear implant recipients, allowing for electric and acoustic stimulation in the same ear with significant improvements in speech perception, sound localization, music appreciation, and quality of life...
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374211/bimodal-hearing-in-individuals-with-severe-to-profound-hearing-loss-benefits-challenges-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Sarah E Warren, M Noelle Dunbar
Binaural hearing offers numerous advantages over monaural hearing. While bilateral implants are a successful treatment option for some patients, many individuals choose to achieve binaural hearing by using a cochlear implant with a contralateral hearing aid. Compared with monaural hearing, benefits of bimodal hearing include improved speech perception in quiet and in noise, improved localization, and more natural sound quality. Despite the advantages, there exist disadvantages to bimodal hearing, primarily related to binaural integration...
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374210/cochlear-implantation-for-children-and-adults-with-severe-to-profound-hearing-loss
#4
REVIEW
Lavin K Entwisle, Sarah E Warren, Jessica J Messersmith
Cochlear implants (CIs) have proven to be a useful treatment option for individuals with severe-to-profound hearing loss by providing improved access to one's surrounding auditory environment. CIs differ from traditional acoustic amplification by providing information to the auditory system via electrical stimulation. Both postlingually deafened adults and prelingually deafened children can benefit from a CI; however, outcomes with a CI can vary. Numerous factors can impact performance outcomes with a CI. It is important for the audiologist to understand what factors might play a role and impact performance outcomes with a CI so that they can effectively counsel the recipient and their family, as well as establish appropriate and realistic expectations with a CI...
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374209/the-use-of-frequency-lowering-technology-in-the-treatment-of-severe-to-profound-hearing-loss-a-review-of-the-literature-and-candidacy-considerations-for-clinical-application
#5
REVIEW
Danielle Glista, Susan Scollie
This article provides a review of the current literature on the topic of frequency lowering hearing aid technology specific to the treatment of severe and profound levels of hearing impairment in child and adult listeners. Factors to consider when assessing listener candidacy for frequency lowering technology are discussed. These include factors related to audiometric assessment, the listener, the type of hearing aid technology, and the verification and validation procedures that can assist in determining candidacy for frequency lowering technology...
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374208/conventional-amplification-for-children-and-adults-with-severe-to-profound-hearing-loss
#6
REVIEW
Lindsey E Jorgensen, Emily A Benson, Ryan W McCreery
The primary goal of amplification is to restore audibility without causing discomfort; for someone with severe-to-profound hearing loss, the reduced dynamic range poses unique challenges in hearing-assistive device fitting. These challenges, including physiological limitation, processing difficulties, technology constraints, and other confounding factors, must be considered when selecting, fitting, and counseling for appropriate amplification. Many of the advanced features in hearing aids do not adequately address the unique characteristics of patients with severe-to-profound hearing loss...
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374207/consequences-and-treatment-options-for-severe-to-profound-hearing-loss
#7
Jessica J Messersmith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374206/important-information-regarding-continuing-education-units-for-seminars-in-hearing-through-aaa-and-asha
#8
Catherine V Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038459/vestibular-rehabilitation-for-children
#9
REVIEW
Rose Marie Rine
This article focuses on vestibular rehabilitation (VR) for children. Reports of the presence of vestibular dysfunction in infants, young children, and adolescents have increased over the past decade. In addition to being a comorbidity of sensorineural hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction has been noted in children with cytomegalovirus, late prematurity, and concussion, to name a few. Despite ample evidence and reports of VR for adults, the selection and provision of exercises to be included in the VR protocol for children vary, depending on the nature of the lesion, impairments identified, age at the time of lesion, and developmental factors such as critical periods of development and intermodality interdependence...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038458/considerations-for-testing-and-treating-children-with-central-vestibular-impairments
#10
REVIEW
Jennifer B Christy
This perspective explores common pediatric diagnoses that could present with central vestibular pathway dysfunction, leading to delays in motor development and postural control, and gaze instability. Specifically, the following diagnoses are considered: cerebral palsy, myelomeningocele, vestibular migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorder, concussion, childhood cancer, congenital muscular torticollis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and autism. Suggestions for clinical screening, vestibular function testing, and vestibular rehabilitation for children with these diagnoses are based on evidence for the efficacy of testing and interventions for children with peripheral vestibular hypofunction...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038457/cochlear-implants-and-children-with-vestibular-impairments
#11
REVIEW
Sharon L Cushing, Blake C Papsin
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children occurs in 1 to 3% of live births and acquired hearing loss can additionally occur. This sensory deficit has far reaching consequences that have been shown to extend beyond speech and language development. Thankfully there are many therapeutic options that exist for these children with the aim of decreasing the morbidity of their hearing impairment. Of late, focus has shifted beyond speech and language outcomes to the overall performance of children with SNHL in real-world environments...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038456/vestibular-and-oculomotor-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Anwar Almutairi, Jennifer Braswell Christy, Laura Vogtle
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a nonprogressive permanent brain injury that causes an impairment of movement and posture. This scoping review aimed to answer the following questions: (1) "What is the status of oculomotor function in children with CP?" (2) "What is the status of vestibular function (i.e., gaze stability, perception of vertical, vestibular-related balance abilities) in children with CP?" Using Arksey's and O'Malley's five-stage framework, we searched six online databases for relevant articles...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038455/oculomotor-assessment-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Steven M Doettl, Devin L McCaslin
Oculomotor evaluation as part of videonystagmography is an integral tool in the assessment of vestibular function providing a global assessment of the neurological pathways associated with oculomotor function. The value of an oculomotor evaluation for pediatric evaluation is well established; however, many questions can also arise with the application to the pediatric population. Oculomotor function is age dependent which can have a significant effect on the test results obtain in children. The underlying neural substrates and age effects are discussed across the literature with specific results from recent research using clinical oculomotor equipment and protocols...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038454/quantitative-vestibular-function-testing-in-the-pediatric-population
#14
REVIEW
Kristen L Janky, Amanda I Rodriguez
Quantitative tests of vestibular function include the caloric test, cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP), rotary chair, and head impulse test, either at the bedside or utilizing video head impulse test (vHIT). The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of how to perform these tests in children, including which tests are recommended based on the child's age and any modifications or considerations that can be made. A variety of clinical measures have been recommended as screening measures for vestibular loss, which will be reviewed...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038453/development-of-a-pediatric-balance-center-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#15
REVIEW
Katheryn Bachmann, Violette Lavender, Micheal Castiglione
The growing evidence of the need for pediatric vestibular evaluation, as well as the availability of successful treatment options for children, is attracting the attention of many professionals and sparking much interest in the development of pediatric balance centers in North America. Complete balance function assessment and rehabilitation in children requires specialized knowledge and practices of professionals in multiple disciplines. While individual specialists provide useful test information and recommendations for patients, the collaboration of specialists working in a multidisciplinary fashion allows the information to become more powerful, providing the patients and their families with a comprehensive plan...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038452/epidemiology-of-vestibular-impairments-in-a-pediatric-population
#16
REVIEW
Sylvette R Wiener-Vacher, Juliette Quarez, Audrey Le Priol
The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of vestibular impairment (VI) in children ( n  = 2,528) referred for complete vestibular testing because of balance disorders (BD) or hearing loss (H). A VI was shown in 51.5% of the children tested (1,304/2,528). For BD (e.g., vertigo, dizziness, instability, delay in posturomotor development), VI was found in 36.5% ( n  = 379/1,037). The most frequent causes of BD with VI included inner ear malformation (13.5%), delay in posturomotor development (13...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038451/re-important-information-regarding-continuing-education-units-for-seminars-in-hearing-through-aaa-and-asha
#17
Catherine V Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930438/effects-of-including-information-about-hidden-hearing-loss-in-an-adopt-a-band-program-on-college-band-members-attitudes-toward-healthy-hearing-behaviors
#18
REVIEW
Katie L Seever, Carole E Johnson, Jonathan Baldwin, Jeffrey L Danhauer, Brian Wolfe, Stevana Jeannont
Young musicians may be at risk for developing cochlear synaptopathy (CS), or hidden hearing loss (HHL), that could lead to permanent music-induced hearing loss (MIHL). Patients with CS often complain of tinnitus and/or difficulty understanding speech in noisy situations, even though traditional audiometric testing indicates normal hearing. The aim of this article was to determine the effects of including information about HHL on an Adopt-A-Band program involving college band members' concern about and self-efficacy toward the prevention of MIHL...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915455/toward-the-future-of-early-intervention-for-adult-hearing-loss
#19
REVIEW
Carole E Johnson, Christi M Barbee, Jeffrey L Danhauer, Anna Marie Jilla, Suzanne H Kimball, Katie L Seever
This issue of Seminars in Hearing has focused on the early intervention of adult sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Contributions to this monograph have taken a contemporary issues approach to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mild SNHL. This article looks toward the future and discusses clinical and research implications for the early intervention of adult SNHL.
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915454/effectiveness-of-auditory-measures-for-detecting-hidden-hearing-loss-and-or-cochlear-synaptopathy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Christi M Barbee, Jessica A James, Jin Hyung Park, Emily M Smith, Carole E Johnson, Shari Clifton, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Standard audiometric evaluations are not sensitive enough to identify hidden hearing loss (HHL) and/or cochlear synaptopathy (CS). Patients with either of these conditions frequently present with difficulty understanding speech in noise or other complaints such as tinnitus. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify articles in peer-reviewed journals that assessed the sensitivity of audiologic measures for detecting HHL and/or CS, and which showed potential for use in a clinical test battery for these disorders...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
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