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Journal of Biotechnology

Xiaofan Yu, Fang Chen, Ronghui Wang, Yanbin Li
The rapid detection of foodborne pathogens is critical to ensure food safety. The objective of this study is to select aptamers specifically bound to Escherichia coli O157:H7 using the whole-bacterium SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment) and apply the selected aptamer to a QCM (quartz crystal microbalance) sensor for rapid and sensitive detection of target bacteria. A total of 19 rounds of selection against live E. coli O157:H7 and 6 rounds of counter selection against a mixture of Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimurium, were performed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Jin Won Kim, Jin Ho Kim, Hyun-Jun Kang, Hoon Ryu, Pyung Cheon Lee
A novel type strain, Planococcus faecalis AJ003T, isolated from the feces of Antarctic penguins, synthesizes a rare C30 carotenoid, glycosyl-4,4'-diaponeurosporen-4'-ol-4-oic acid. The complete genome of P. faecalis AJ003T comprises a single circular chromosome (3,495,892bp; 40.9% G+C content). Annotation analysis has revealed 3511 coding DNA sequences and 99 RNAs; seven genes associated with the MEP pathway and five genes involved in the carotenoid pathway have been identified. The functionality and complementation of 4,4'-diapophytoene synthase (CrtM) and two copies of heterologous 4,4'-diapophytoene desaturase (CrtN) involved in carotenoid biosynthesis were analyzed in Escherichia coli...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Yao Wang, Nan Shang, Yuxuan Qin, Ying Zhang, Jinlan Zhang, Pinglan Li
Bacteriocins are antibacterial proteins or peptides synthesized by ribosomes to inhibit or kill both closely related and non-related bacterium. Class IIa bacteriocins possess high activity against foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. A novel strain Lactobacillus plantarum LPL-1 was isolated from fermented fish and considered as a bacteriocin producing probiotic with great antibacterial activity against Listeria monocytogenes 54002. The complete genome of L. plantarum LPL-1 contains one circular chromosome and plasmid...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Da-Eun Jeong, Younju So, Soo-Young Park, Seung-Hwan Park, Soo-Keun Choi
Chromosome-integrated recombinant protein expression in bacteria has advantages for the stable maintenance of genes without any use of antibiotics during large-scale fermentation. Even though different levels of gene expression were reported, depending upon their chromosomal position in bacterial species, only a limited number of integration sites have been used in B. subtilis. In this study, we randomly integrated the GFP and AprE expression cassettes into the B. subtilis genome to determine integration sites that can produce a high yield of heterologous protein expression...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Xing Wang, Danqiu Lin, Xiaohuan Jing, Sidong Zhu, Jifang Yang, Jigang Chen
Staphylococcus sp. AntiMn-1 is a deep-sea bacterium inhabiting seafloor sediment in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (CCZ) that is highly tolerant to Mn(II) and displays efficient Mn(II) oxidation. Herein, we present the assembly and annotation of its genome.
December 6, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Xiao-Ling Tang, Xia-Feng Lu, Zhe-Ming Wu, Ren-Chao Zheng, Yu-Guo Zheng
As the important chiral building block of levetiracetam, the synthesis of (S)-2-aminobutanamide has attracted a great deal of attention. The d-aminopeptidase catalyzed kinetic resolution of 2-aminobutanamide was demonstrated as an effective strategy for (S)-2-aminobutanamide production. In this study, a novel d-aminopeptidase from Brucella sp. (Bs-Dap) was screened and systematically characterized. The enzyme exhibited maximum activity at 45°C, pH 8.0 and it showed relatively low Km value toward 2-aminobutanamide, indicating its high affinity to the substrate...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Matthias Müller, Wolfram Meusel, Ute Husemann, Gerhard Greller, Matthias Kraume
The application of biocalorimetry to fermentation processes offers advantageous insights, while being less complex compared to other,sophisticated PAT solutions. Although the general concept is established,calorimetric methods vary in detail. In this work, a special approach,called heat compensation calorimetry, was applied to an E. coli fed-batch process. Much work has been done for batch processes, proving the validity and accuracy of this calorimetric mode. However, the adaption of this strategy to fed-batch processes has some implications...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Jung-Hoon Bae, Hyun-Jin Kim, Mi-Jin Kim, Bong Hyun Sung, Jae-Heung Jeon, Hyun-Soon Kim, Yong-Su Jin, Dae-Hyuk Kweon, Jung-Hoon Sohn
An efficient production system for optically pure l- and d-lactic acid (LA) from Jerusalem artichoke tuber powder (JAP) was developed by metabolic engineering of Kluyveromyces marxianus. To construct LA-producing strains, the ethanol fermentation pathway of K. marxianus was redirected to LA production by disruption of KmPDC1 and expression of l- and d-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) genes derived from Lactobacillus plantarum under the control of the K. marxianus translation elongation factor 1α promoter. To further increase the LA titer, the l-LA and d-LA consumption pathway of host strains was blocked by deletion of the oxidative LDH genes KmCYB2 and KmDLD1...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Jun Ho Lee, Jin Won Kim, Pyung Cheon Lee
A novel species, Flavobacterium kingsejongi WV39, isolated from feces of Antarctic penguins and a type species of the genus Flavobacterium, is yellow because it synthesizes a C40 carotenoid zeaxanthin. The complete genome of F. kingsejongi WV39 is made up of a single circular chromosome (4,224,053bp, 39.8% G+C content). Annotation analysis revealed 3,955 coding sequences, 72 RNAs (18 rRNA+54 tRNA), and five genes involved in zeaxanthin biosynthesis. The key gene encoding β-carotenoid hydroxylase (CrtZ), which is the last enzyme in the zeaxanthin biosynthetic pathway, was cloned and subjected to complementary analysis in a heterologous E...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Shuang Mei, Pingping Han, Hong Wu, Jiafu Shi, Lei Tang, Zhongyi Jiang
In this study, all-natural composite microspheres were fabricated through adding shellac into chitin solution followed by self-assembly via thermally-induced phase separation. The pore structure of the composite microspheres was altered into wedge-shape from ink-bottle-shape of the chitin microspheres, whereas, the crystalline structure of these two kinds of microspheres remained unaltered. The as-fabricated chitin-shellac composite microspheres were used for enzyme immobilization through adsorption. And yeast alcohol dehydrogenase (YADH) was chosen as the model enzyme, which is a multimer consisting of 4 subunits...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Y Shen, A Agrawal, N K Suri, D An, J K Voordouw, R G Clark, T R Jack, K Miner, R Pederzolli, A Benko, G Voordouw
Oil production by water injection often involves the use of makeup water to replace produced oil. Sulfate in makeup water is reduced by sulfate-reducing bacteria to sulfide, a process referred to as souring. In the MHGC field souring was caused by using makeup water with 4mM (384ppm) sulfate. Mixing with sulfate-free produced water gave injection water with 0.8mM sulfate. This was amended with nitrate to limit souring and was then distributed fieldwide. The start-up of an enhanced-oil-recovery pilot caused all sulfate-containing makeup water to be used for dissolution of polymer, which was then injected into a limited region of the field...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Neil A Holmes, Rebecca Devine, Zhiwei Qin, Ryan F Seipke, Barrie Wilkinson, Matthew I Hutchings
Here we report the complete genome of the new species Streptomyces formicae KY5 isolated from Tetraponera fungus growing ants. S. formicae was sequenced using the PacBio and 454 platforms to generate a single linear chromosome with terminal inverted repeats. Illumina MiSeq sequencing was used to correct base changes resulting from the high error rate associated with PacBio. The genome is 9.6 Mbps, has a GC content of 71.38% and contains 8162 protein coding sequences. Predictive analysis shows this strain encodes at least 45 gene clusters for the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, including a type 2 polyketide synthase encoding cluster for the antibacterial formicamycins...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Sissi Miguel, Alain Hehn, Frédéric Bourgaud
Plant carnivory results from the adaptation of plants to their environment. The capture and digestion of preys, followed by their assimilation by the plant is a source of additional nutrients to overcome scarce nutrient in poor soils. Nepenthes are highly studied carnivorous plants and have developed a number of ecological traits which have attracted the attention of plant biologists. Multiple adaptive strategies developed by these plants make them a source of inspiration for many applications ranging from therapeutic treatments to biocontrol solution in agriculture...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Alexandra Hofer, Donya Kamravamanesh, Judit Bona-Lovasz, Andreas Limbeck, Bernhard Lendl, Christoph Herwig, Jens Fricke
Every biopharmaceutical production process aims for control strategies to achieve process robustness in order to ensure consistent product quality. Process variability can origin from process parameters, the biological nature as well as from high lot-to-lot variability of raw materials. In filamentous processes raw materials with very complex matrices, such as corn steep liquor (CSL), are used, which are especially challenging to characterize. In this study, CSL was characterized in detail for its ingredients presenting an overall composition of its matrix of 50 analyzed components (19 amino acids, 5 organic acids, 8 reducing sugars, 7 water-soluble vitamins and 11 trace elements/minerals) in order to facilitate analytical reduction to fingerprinting methods FT-MIR was evaluated as fast and non-destructive spectroscopic fingerprinting method for adequate assessment of CSL quality...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
JiaFeng Huang, RiBang Wu, CuiLing Wu, Dan Liu, Jiang Zhang, BinQiang Liao, Ming Lei, Xiao Xiao, ChangBei Ma, HaiLun He
The C-terminal domains of proteases play crucial roles in hydrolysis, substrate adsorption and targeted binding. Identifying and characterizing interactions between C-terminal domains and biomacromolecules can help to examine the diversity as well as the substrate-binding ability of C-terminal domains and to explore novel functions. The bacterial pre-peptidase C-terminal (PPC) domain is a typical C-terminal domain normally found at the C-terminus of bacterial secreted proteases. In this work, we successfully demonstrated that 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (ANS) could be used to rapidly determine the interactions between this C-terminal domain and biomacromolecules...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Seung-Oh Seo, Ting Lu, Yong-Su Jin, Hans P Blaschek
Clostridium beijerinckii is a predominant solventogenic clostridia with great attraction for renewable liquid biofuel and biochemical production. Metabolic engineering and synthetic biology can be employed to engineer the strain toward desirable phenotypes. However, current limited information such as promoter strength and gene regulation may hinder the efficient engineering of strain. To investigate genetic information and complex cellular bioprocesses of C. beijerinckii, in vivo fluorescence reporter system can be employed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Ulrich Storz
A new gene engineering technology has recently made it through the media, not only because of its technical advantages, but also because it is in the focus of an epic patent battle between two academic institutions. The technology bears the cryptic name "CRISPR Cas9", and allows the manipulation of genes (so called "gene editing") with so far unseen simplicity and efficacy. Dana Carroll of the University of Utah said for this reason that CRISPR Cas9 has brought about the "democratization of gene targeting"...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Adelaide Braga, Joana Oliveira, Rita Silva, Patricia Ferreira, Isabel Rocha, Nicolai Kallscheuer, Jan Marienhagen, Nuno Faria
The health benefits of polyphenols such as stilbenes and flavonoids for humans are increasingly attracting attention. Resveratrol is a well-characterized naturally-occurring stilbene and potent anti-oxidant, which is used as food supplement and cosmetic ingredient. Several microorganisms including Corynebacterium glutamicum were engineered for resveratrol production from glucose. Based on the cultivation of a resveratrol-producing C. glutamicum strain in shake flasks, different strategies for improving production under controlled conditions at bioreactor scale were tested...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Marlene Lopes, Andreia S Gomes, Carla M Silva, Isabel Belo
Yarrowia lipolytica is a suitable microbial platform to convert low-value hydrophobic substrates into microbial oils and other important metabolites. In this work, this yeast species was used to simultaneously synthetize ex novo lipids and produce citric acid and lipase from animal fat (pork lard) adding higher value to the low-cost fatty substrate. The effect of pH, lard concentration, arabic gum concentration and oxygen mass transfer rate (OTR) on lipids accumulation on Y. lipolytica batch cultures was assessed by an experimental design based on Taguchi method...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Ruth Hausmann, Ivana Chudobová, Holger Spiegel, Stefan Schillberg
High levels of recombinant protein production in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells can be achieved by amplification of transgenes using the dihydrofolate reductase/methotrexate (DHFR/MTX) system. With the aim to identify predictive markers enabling the preselection of suitable high producing clones we investigated the impact of MTX-based gene amplification on two CHO cells lines producing different levels of a human monoclonal antibody by carrying out a comparative proteome analysis. The difference in antibody yield between the high and low producer was 15-fold before and 245-fold after MTX selection...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
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