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European Journal of Anaesthesiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431501/ultrasound-guided-vs-palpation-guided-techniques-for-radial-arterial-catheterisation-in-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Jeong J Min, Chee K Tay, Nam-Su Gil, Jong-Hwan Lee, Sojin Kim, Chung S Kim, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of ultrasound-guided techniques for radial arterial catheterisation has been well identified; however, its usefulness has not been completely evaluated in infants under 12 months of age, who are generally considered the most difficult group for arterial catheterisation. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether ultrasound guidance would improve success rates and reduce the number of attempts at radial arterial catheterisation in infants. DESIGN: A randomised, controlled and patient-blinded study...
November 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431500/development-of-a-prediction-model-for-postoperative-pneumonia-a-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#2
Vincenzo Russotto, Sergi Sabaté, Jaume Canet
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pneumonia is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and costs. Prediction models of pneumonia that are currently available are based on retrospectively collected data and administrative coding systems. OBJECTIVE: To identify independent variables associated with the occurrence of postoperative pneumonia. DESIGN: A prospective observational study of a multicentre cohort (Prospective Evaluation of a RIsk Score for postoperative pulmonary COmPlications in Europe database)...
November 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431499/goal-directed-therapy-during-transthoracic-oesophageal-resection-does-not-improve-outcome-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Hans Bahlmann, Ingvar Halldestam, Lena Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed therapy (GDT) is expected to be of highest benefit in high-risk surgery. Therefore, GDT is recommended during oesophageal resection, which carries a high risk of postoperative complications. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to confirm the hypothesis that GDT during oesophageal resection improves outcome compared with standard care. DESIGN: A randomised controlled study. SETTING: Two Swedish university hospitals, between October 2011 and October 2015...
November 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431498/relevance-of-peripheral-cholinesterase-activity-on-postoperative-delirium-in-adult-surgical-patients-cesaro-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#4
Anika Müller, Maria Olbert, Anja Heymann, Peter K Zahn, Konstanze Plaschke, Vera von Dossow, Diane Bitzinger, Eberhard Barth, Markus Meister, Peter Kranke, Carolin Herrmann, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia D Spies
BACKGROUND: The cholinergic system is considered to play a key role in the development of postoperative delirium (POD), which is a common complication after surgery. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether peri-operative acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activities are associated with the development of POD in in-hospital surgical patients, and raise hypotheses on cholinergic regulatory mechanisms in POD. DESIGN: A prospective multicentre observational study by the Peripheral Cholinesterase-activity on Neurocognitive Dysfunctions in Surgical Patients (CESARO) study group...
November 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308524/measurement-of-forces-applied-using-a-macintosh-direct-laryngoscope-compared-with-a-glidescope-video-laryngoscope-in-patients-with-predictors-of-difficult-laryngoscopy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Daniel Cordovani, Twain Russell, Wallace Wee, Andrew Suen, Richard M Cooper
BACKGROUND: In patients with predictive features associated with easy direct laryngoscopy, videolaryngoscoy with the GlideScope has been shown to require less force when compared with Macintosh direct laryngoscopy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare forces applied with Glidescope vs. Macintosh laryngoscopes in patients with predictive features associated with difficult direct laryngoscopy. DESIGN: A prospective randomised study...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308523/bilateral-suprazygomatic-maxillary-nerve-blocks-vs-infraorbital-and-palatine-nerve-blocks-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-repair-a-double-blind-prospective-randomised-study
#6
Gaston Echaniz, Marcos De Miguel, Glenn Merritt, Plinio Sierra, Pranjal Bora, Nabamallika Borah, Christopher Ciarallo, Miriam de Nadal, Richard J Ing, Adrian Bosenberg
BACKGROUND: Cleft defects are common craniofacial malformations which require early surgical repair. These patients are at high risk of postoperative airway obstruction and respiratory failure. Cleft surgery may require high doses of opioids which may contribute to these complications. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of proximal and distal approaches to blocking the maxillary nerve in patients undergoing cleft lip or cleft palate surgery. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled and double-blind study...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308522/modified-rotem-for-the-detection-of-rivaroxaban-and-apixaban-anticoagulant-activity-in-whole-blood
#7
Claire Pailleret, Georges Jourdi, Virginie Siguret, Isabelle Gouin-Thibault, Sophie Gandrille, Alain Stepanian, Emmanuel Curis, Jean-Louis Golmard, Pascale Gaussem, Bernard Le Bonniec, Charles M Samama
BACKGROUND: Rapid detection of the anticoagulant effect of oral factor Xa (FXa) inhibitors may be essential in several emergency clinical situations. Specific assays quantifying the drugs are performed in plasma and require a turnaround time that is too long to be useful in emergency situations. Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is a whole blood coagulation assay of blood viscoelasticity and could be of interest for FXa inhibitor detection in emergency. However, conventional ROTEM reagents only detect high amounts of inhibitors...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300166/anaesthesia-care-team-improves-outcomes-in-surgical-patients-compared-with-solo-anaesthesiologist-an-observational-study
#8
Philippe Dony, Laurence Seidel, Magali Pirson, Patrice Forget
BACKGROUND: In anaesthesiology, little attention has been drawn to the role of anaesthesia nurses as support personnel on quality of care. OBJECTIVES: To compare the impact of anaesthesia by an anaesthesiologist alone (solo anaesthesiologist) or in combination with an anaesthesia nurse (anaesthesia care team) on 30-day postoperative mortality and hospital length of stay. RESULTS: Anaesthesia was performed by solo anaesthesiologists in 2832 patients and by an anaesthesia care team in 2842 patients...
October 8, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234669/the-effect-of-virtual-reality-bronchoscopy-simulator-training-on-performance-of-bronchoscopic-guided-intubation-in-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
David T Wong, Arpan Mehta, Kawal P Singh, Siaw M Leong, Alister Ooi, Ahtsham Niazi, Eric You-Ten, Allan Okrainec, Rajesh Patel, Mandeep Singh, Jean Wong
BACKGROUND: The use of a flexible optical bronchoscopic (FOB) for intubation is an essential airway management skill. OBJECTIVE(S): Our primary objective was to compare the effects of simulator training (ORSIM high-fidelity simulator) with no simulation training on the performance of FOB intubation in anaesthetised patients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Single-centre tertiary hospital; trial conducted between April 2015 to May 2016...
September 17, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234667/the-degree-of-adherence-to-consort-reporting-guidelines-for-the-abstracts-of-randomised-clinical-trials-published-in-anaesthesia-journals-a-cross-sectional-study-of-reporting-adherence-in-2010-and-2016
#10
Jeffrey T Y Chow, Timothy P Turkstra, Edmund Yim, Philip M Jones
BACKGROUND: Abstracts are intended to be concise summaries of the entire randomised clinical trial (RCT). Despite their importance, few studies have examined the reporting quality of abstracts in the anaesthesiology literature. OBJECTIVES: To examine the quality of RCT abstract reporting according to the CONSORT for Abstracts guidelines and determine whether recommended items omitted from the abstract were present in the body of the article. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of RCTs...
September 17, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211725/short-and-long-term-impact-of-remifentanil-on-thermal-detection-and-pain-thresholds-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Sjoerd de Hoogd, Abraham J Valkenburg, Eric P A van Dongen, Edgar J Daeter, Joost van Rosmalen, Albert Dahan, Dick Tibboel, Catherijne A J Knibbe
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of the suggested hyperalgesic effects of remifentanil is still unclear, especially in the long term. OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated the impact of remifentanil on thermal thresholds 3 days and 12 months after surgery, measured with Quantitative Sensory Testing. DESIGN: A prospective, single-blind, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary care teaching hospital in The Netherlands, from 2014 to 2016...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376493/paucity-of-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-low-dose-oxytocin-protocols-5-iu-compared-with-5-iu-in-women-undergoing-elective-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
Nico C S Terblanche, Dean S Picone, Petr Otahal, James E Sharman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376492/reporting-of-time-to-rescue-analgesia-would-it-have-made-a-difference-in-results
#13
Narinder P Singh, Jeetinder K Makkar, Preet M Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376491/life-threatening-ketoacidosis-in-a-lactating-woman
#14
Michelle S Chew, Lina Dalesjö
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376490/green-blood-plasma-from-a-patient-with-breast-cancer-after-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy
#15
Victoria López-Gómez, Antonio Moreno-Martínez, Marina Varela-Durán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376489/intra-osseous-access-associated-lower-limb-compartment-syndrome-in-a-critically-injured-paediatric-patient
#16
Jake Turner, Karl-Christian Thies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376488/anaesthesia-and-orphan-disease-a-child-with-koolen-de-vries-syndrome
#17
Ali S Kavakli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376487/pitfalls-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-the-era-of-broken-science-let-s-raise-the-standards
#18
Arash Afshari, Stefan De Hert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234668/how-current-transfusion-practices-in-geriatric-patients-with-hip-fracture-still-differ-from-current-guidelines-and-the-effects-on-outcome-a-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Evelyn Leuzinger, Beate Poblete, Christoph J Konrad, Damon Hansen
BACKGROUND: Transfusion guidelines have become increasingly restrictive. We investigated actual transfusion practices in geriatric hip fracture patients, why they differ from current guidelines and how this affects outcome. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to examine transfusion timing, evaluate how many red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are in keeping with guidelines and how this affects morbidity (infection, cardiac events and delirium), mortality and length of stay (LOS)...
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234666/icu-mortality-and-variables-associated-with-icu-survival-in-poland-a-nationwide-database-study
#20
Wojciech Weigl, Jan Adamski, Paweł Goryński, Andrzej Kański, Michael Hultström
BACKGROUND: Recently published international comparison data across European countries revealed high mortality rates in Polish ICUs. OBJECTIVES: Estimation of the rate of ICU mortality and identification of variables associated with ICU survival in Poland. DESIGN: Retrospective analyses of a database reporting ICU stays in Poland. SETTINGS AND PATIENTS: The study included data from all adult patients admitted to an ICU in Poland from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012...
December 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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