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Health Care for Women International

Jean Marie S Place, Deborah L Billings, Angélica Valenzuela
We conducted a qualitative study to examine the critical pathways of 23 women survivors of sexual assault who navigated health care-based services in six states in Guatemala. We also captured the components of quality health care that were important to them, including the experience of the waiting room, being able to make active decisions, providing informed consent, and receiving emotional support. Our results from the in-depth, semi-structured interviews indicate the importance of creating and strengthening mechanisms for social support and trauma-informed, competent, and sensitive health services to accompany women as they move toward rebuilding their lives post-sexual violence...
January 4, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Pia Keiski, Mika Helminen, Maria Lindroos, Hanna Kommeri, Eija Paavilainen
We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a Finnish psychodynamic group intervention developed for female family-violence perpetrators. The participants voluntarily sought help after using family violence against a partner, child, or both and did not have acute mental health or substance abuse problems. The data sample consisted 134 women before the intervention, 128 women after the 15-week intervention, and 110 at the 6-month follow-up. We found that there were changes in women's self-knowledge and reduce in family-violence behavior, both of these outcomes persisted after 6 months...
December 31, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Seungmi Park, Jeong Sil Choi, Youngji Kim
This study was performed to investigate the association of knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices for the prevention of Zika virus infection. The study sample consisted of 185 pregnant women in Korea. The Zika virus-related knowledge and attitude of pregnant women significantly affected preventive practices. The younger pregnant women and pregnant women who had not taken the influenza vaccine had lesser preventive practices of the Zika virus, thereby necessitating educating them and emphasizing good preventive practices...
December 28, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Kimberley Anderson, Elisa van Ee
Mothers with children born of sexual violence often have complex needs that are seldom adequately addressed in social care settings. The authors' objective was to investigate the current care provisions for these mothers and children, and how these might be enhanced in the future. Twenty-one experts were asked about their current approaches and difficulties in treating this population and to suggest recommendations for improving care. The same group was asked to comment on the relevance and feasibility of implementing suggested options...
December 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Ashish Kumar Singh, Makkhan Lal Meena, Himanshu Chaudhary, Govind Sharan Dangayach
An ergonomic assessment of static muscular strength like hand grip-and pinch strength in handicraft occupation was made. In total, 170 female participants were selected for the case-control study, out of which 120 handicraft and 50 office workers were examined as exposed and control groups. Their maximum static handgrip- and pinch strength were measured using hand and pinch dynamometers. We analyze our findings to indicate static muscular strength varies significantly due to repetitive use of hand tools. The decrement in pinch grip strength was evident due to long cycle repetitive pinching movements of distal phalanx during hand knotting and pearl drilling...
December 20, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Marjan Delkhosh, Effat Merghati Khoei, Ali Ardalan, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Mohammad Bagher Gharavi
Refugee women are at high risk of experiencing high level of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and its negative impacts. We conducted a cross-sectional population-based household survey with refugees in a settlement in the city of Semnan, Iran, from 2016 to 2017. Afghan refugee women (n = 188) with ages between 15 and 49 years were recruited for the survey. Overall, about 79.8% of the participants reported to have experienced a form of IPV in the past 12 months. IPV exposure is associated with a negative reproductive health outcome...
December 20, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Boram Lee
The author's purpose in this study was to establish the factor structure of the Korean version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale 10 (CES-D 10) by conducting confirmatory factor analysis based on preexisting models with a sample of Korean transnational mothers (referred to as "geese mothers"). Hundred and fifty-three Korean geese mothers in the USA and New Zealand completed the Korean version of the CES-D 10 questionnaire. The resulting data was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis, which tested three competing models...
December 20, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Ali Mohamed Assabri, Chelsea M Cooper, Khaled Ali Al-Gendari, Anne Pfitzer, Rae Galloway
We conducted a study to determine current maternal, infant, and young child nutrition (MIYCN) and family planning (FP) practices and how practices can be improved with counseling. The study consisted of qualitative methods. Mothers and couples were able to attempt and adopt new practices after only one counseling visit, except consuming meat daily due to cost, and adopting contraception, which was challenging due to health system constraints. Most appreciated receiving information, reported positive experiences, and said they would continue practices...
December 20, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Jeong Sil Choi, Mijeong Park
Vulvar self-examination (VSE) is an essential examination that all women should perform monthly, as it enables potential patients to discover vulvar cancer in early stage. In this study, a survey was conducted to identify the factors that affect Korean young women's willingness to conduct VSE. Willingness to conduct VSE was higher if the perceived benefit and the individual health motivation were higher. However, it was lower if the perceived barriers were higher. The systematic strategies should be included in VSE education programs to increase perceived benefits of, and health motivation for conducting VSE while reducing the perceived barriers to VSE...
December 14, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Rania Mohammed Abou-Hashem, Wafaa Mostafa Abd-El-Gawad, Hasnaa A Abouseif
We aimed to compare the performance of seven risk screening tools for detecting elderly Egyptian women with osteoporosis and to modify the tool with the best performance to increase the efficiency of referral for bone mineral density (BMD) testing. There are few studies about the epidemiology of osteoporosis in Egypt, in addition, there was no study done before to evaluate the performance of these seven screening tools in a large sample size. This aims to help clinicians restrict the use of DXA scan for those patients defined as "high risk" for osteoporosis which can substantially reduce the cost for the community and the patients, especially in developing countries...
December 7, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Elin Mordal, Solfrid Vatne, Hirut Gemeda Agafari, Meseret Tsegaye, Ingeborg Ulvund
Maternal mortality is unacceptably high in developing countries, and maternal health care service utilization is associated with improved maternal outcomes. We shed light on conditions that influence women's preferences for childbirth location. Based on a qualitative descriptive design, 25 interviews were conducted with women of childbearing age in Southern Ethiopia in 2015. Previous experience of complications was the most common reason for using skilled attendants at the next childbirth. In addition, women's limited decision-making authority and knowledge, as well as the quality of health care services and infrastructure, influenced childbirth location preferences...
December 7, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Zoé Mistrale Hendrickson, Sandhya Lohani, Bibhu Thapaliya Shrestha, Carol R Underwood
Communication between Nepali women and their migrating spouses affects the transregional or transnational social fields of women "left behind" and may have implications for their reproductive health. We explored women's interactions with their absent spouses using data gathered from qualitative interviews. Conversations with migrant husbands were frequent, organized around husbands' schedules, and focused on children's needs and expenses. Couple power dynamics were challenged and reinforced in such conversations...
December 4, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Júnia Aparecida Laia da Mata, Michelle Gonçalves da Silva, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
The aim of the researchers was to identify the emotional expressions manifested by pregnant women in the experience of the Art of Maternal Womb Painting. It was an exploratory research, kind before and after, and qualitative approach, developed in Brazil between October 2015 and January 2016. The data were collected from interview, intervention, filming, photography and field diary on 10 pregnant women. The analysis involved coding of facial expressions by Facial Action Coding System. The measurement of the facial behavior allowed the identification of the six universal emotions, their characteristics and the order of appearance with relation to background of each pregnant...
November 28, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Su-I Hou, Michael D Fetters
Scholars introduce modern mixed methods research (MMR) and its application in public health research in Taiwan. Specifically, they showcase a multi-phased Taiwan cervical cancer screening mixed methods study using visual diagrams to communicate complex design procedures. While some previous researchers have incorporated quantitative and qualitative data in research, here we hope to provide significant clarity to guide those new to the MMR field. We have structured the article in the following way. First, we provide a brief overview of MMR...
November 28, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Umar Haruna, Moses Mosonsieyiri Kansanga, Sylvester Galaa
Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) have been a critical human resource in maternal health care delivery in Ghana. However, following the World Health Organization's directive for countries to discontinue using TBAs, the government of Ghana has since emphasized the use of skilled birth attendants. This policy shift created tensions between TBAs and Community Health Nurses. We examine this conundrum in this paper. We find that despite the ban, TBAs still attend a significant number of births - a situation which has produced intense contestations and continuous jostling for "functioning space" and clients between TBAs and nurses...
November 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Julie Mooney-Somers, Amber Lau, Deborah Bateson, Juliet Richters, Mary Stewart, Kirsten Black, Melissa Nothnagle
Over a decade after emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) became available without a prescription, the rate of unintended pregnancies remains high in many settings. Understanding women's experiences and perceptions of ECPs may provide insights into this underutilization. We systematically searched databases to identify qualitative and quantitative primary studies about women's beliefs, knowledge, and experiences of ECPs in Australia. Findings demonstrate persistent misunderstandings around access, how ECPs work, and a moral discourse around acceptable versus unacceptable use...
November 26, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Feride Taskin Yilmaz, Azime Karakoc Kumsar, Gulbahtiyar Demirel
In this descriptive and comparative study, our aim was to determine the effect of body image on sexual quality of life in obese married women. The sample of the study consisted of 583 women over the age of 18 (38.9% normal weight, 28.5% overweight, and 32.6% obese). Data were collected using The Body Image Scale and The Sexual Quality of Life Scale-Women's Form. The body image satisfaction and sexual quality of life levels of obese women were found to be low. Additionally, as the positive body image increased in normal weight, overweight and obese women, sexual quality of life increased...
November 26, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Seyed-Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Farid Najafi, Mehr-Ali Rahimi, Neda Izadi, Fatemeh Heydarpour, Hosna Forooghirad
The authors aim to investigate the GDM and the dose-response association of BMI with it in pregnant women in Kermanshah, Iran. During the 2015-2016 year, the 1010 pregnant women were studied. The restricted cubic spline method was used to evaluate the relationship between BMI and GDM. The risk of GDM was 10.1%. The incidence rate ratio for GDM indicates a non-significant protective effect and, then a significant risk for GDM occurrence along with BMI. BMI can be used as a predictive factor. A healthy diet and recommended levels of physical activity are suggested to prevent overweight and obesity and subsequent GDM...
November 15, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Ayah Almajali, Noordeen Shoqirat, Arwa Alsaraireh
The authors in this study have explored and sought to gain an understanding of the contributing factors related to intimate partner violence among married Jordanian women. A qualitative research design using ten semi-structured interviews was used. Our analysis revealed two main themes: "when I get married" and "the role of family". Financial, cultural and sexual factors were found to be vital in shaping the overall path of IPV. Therefore, if IPV is to be addressed carefully, then a multi-approach strategy within the social, legal and political levels of society is urgently needed...
November 13, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Parvin Mansouri, Haidar Nadrian, Hamid Allahverdipour, Shahrzad Hejazi Bazargan
In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to investigate psychometric properties of the Persian versions of condom use self-efficacy (CUSES), attitude toward condom use (ATCUS), and sexually transmitted infection risk perception (STIsRP) scales among Iranian female sex workers (FSWs). We translated original versions of the scales into Persian, and through census, recruited and interviewed 140 FSWs. Appropriate validity, reliability, functionality and simplicity were demonstrated for the scales. We found the measurement model with a good fit to the data (χ2 [104] = 89...
November 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
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