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Health Care for Women International

Andrés Palacios Picos, Ruth Pinedo González, Myriam de la Iglesia Gutierrez
The aim of the researchers is to explore the causes and consequences of the psychological health of sex workers as well as provide an intervention model for the prevention of mental disorders in accordance with WHO levels. The study sample consisted of 146 sex workers from Spain. Loneliness and maltreatment have a negative influence on psychological health, while self-esteem has a protector role over psychological health. Psychological health has a positive impact on perceived quality of life and other health domains...
March 22, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Christophe Clesse, Joëlle Lighezzolo-Alnot, Sylvie De Lavergne, Sandrine Hamlin, Michèle Scheffler
The author's purpose for this article is to identify, review and interpret all publications about the episiotomy rates worldwide. Based on the criteria from the PRISMA guidelines, twenty databases were scrutenized. All studies which include national statistics related to episiotomy were selected, as well as studies presenting estimated data. Sixty-one papers were selected with publication dates between 1995 and 2016. A static and dynamic analysis of all the results was carried out. The assumption for the decline in the number of episiotomies is discussed and confirmed, recalling that nowadays high rates of episiotomy remain in less industrialized countries and East Asia...
March 6, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Heather Story Steiness, Michelle Villegas-Gold, Homaira Parveen, Tahmina Ferdousy, Ophira Ginsburg
Breast cancer survival rates in lower-income countries like Bangladesh are approximately 50%, versus over 80% in high income countries. Anecdotal reports suggest that, beyond economic and health system barriers, sociocultural factors may influence a woman's care-seeking behavior and resultant early stage diagnoses. To understand these barriers, we conducted 63 interviews (43 women with breast cancer symptoms and 20 men) in Khulna, Bangladesh. We identified socio-cultural barriers like neglect and indifference toward women, women's lack of power to use resources, and reduced support from family due to stigma...
March 5, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Hassan Rafiey, Mostafa Amini Rarani, Fardin Alipour, Narges Rouhi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae
Lack of a valid and reliable women's empowerment tool was reported by previous studies in Iran. The authors of this paper, accordingly, intended to fill this gap by developing a valid questionnaire. 600 women in Dezful city, southeast of Iran, took part in the study in 2014-2015. Multistage sampling method was used to recruit the participants. Our exploratory factor analysis revealed that 18 items of the model loaded on 4 factors. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was suitable as Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0...
March 5, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Leslee Goldstein, Sanford I Nidich, Rachel Goodman, David Goodman
Vulnerable women living in poverty in Uganda, who are primarily single, illiterate mothers, face high levels of physical and psychological stress. Our study assessed the impact of the Transcendental Meditation® (TM®) technique on self-efficacy, perceived stress, and mental and physical quality of life of these women. This single-blind controlled study involved eighty-one women who were assigned to either practice of the Transcendental Meditation program (n = 42) or wait-list (delayed start) control group (n = 39)...
March 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
C Quercioli, F Nisticò, G Messina, M Maccari, M Barducci, G Carriero, N Nante
Researchers' aim was to investigate if patients/physicians characteristics could differently affect males/females healthcare expenditure. In 2009/10, a health-related-quality-of-life (HRQL) measure was distributed to 887 general practitioners' (GP) patients in Siena's province-Italy. Severity of diseases was calculated through Cumulative Illness Rating Scale Severity Index (CIRS-SI). Information about GPs' gender and age and patients' gender, age and socio-economic variables were recorded. 2012 data about pharmaceutical, outpatient and hospital expenditure were obtained...
March 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Sundus Tariq, Saba Tariq, Khalid Parvez Lone
Osteoporosis is most common age related, multifactorial disease. The aim of the researchers were to discover the association between serum homocysteine, vitamin D, vitamin B12 and bone mineral density in postmenopausal non-osteoporotic and osteoporotic females. In this cross- sectional study, 156 postmenopausal females between 50-70 years of age were recruited and divided into two groups, non-osteoporotic (n = 52) and osteoporotic (n = 104). There was significant negative correlation of homocysteine with vitamin D and B12 in postmenopausal non-osteoporotic and homocysteine with vitamin B12 in postmenopausal osteoporotic females...
February 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Jennifer Malecki, Paul Rhodes, Jane Ussher
Contemporary understandings of anorexia nervosa are framed by the body image paradigm. Within a body image framework women's bodily experiences are reflected through distorted mental images of their bodies or disordered thinking and behaviour around food and eating. Body image has come to symbolise all that can go wrong with women's relationship with their bodies, food and eating. The problem with this approach is the failure to embody the experience of women who survived childhood abuse. Women's bodily disturbances are not easily discernible through objective measures as they lie within the inner subjective realm of the embodied 'self', and embodied emotional experience...
February 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Thilde Rheinländer, Margaret Gyapong, David Etsey Akpakli, Flemming Konradsen
Women and girls need proper sanitation and hygiene facilities to maintain health and dignity. In this study we show how schoolgirls from a peri-urban community of Ghana, experience severe multidimensional 'hygiene poverty' when attending schools. Hygiene poverty was characterized by poor water and sanitation infrastructures and serious social and emotional challenges, including shaming and disciplining of their sanitation and menstrual practices, which forces girls to apply secretive coping strategies. We discuss the importance of changing the negative MHM discourses at schools and fostering supportive teaching methods in adolescent female health...
February 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Bola Lukman Solanke
In this study, the researcher examines associated individual and community factors of indications of caesarean delivery in Southern Nigeria. Data were pooled from 2003-2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys. Analyses were performed using Stata 12. The multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression was applied. Indications of caesarean delivery were 4.9% over the studied period. Maternal age, parity, education, and household wealth were significantly associated with indications of caesarean delivery. Community effects on indications of ceaserean delivery were significant...
February 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Adiya Jaffari, Stephen Alexander Benjamin Troxel
We assessed the completeness of care provided during perinatal visits at public institutions in Uttar Pradesh (UP), India. Self-reported data from 53 interviews with birth attendants throughout 12 districts in UP showed that 52% of the items from a procedural checklist were covered during visits. Routine visits were found to be incomplete, provider training related to pharmaceuticals and counseling were suggested to be low, and the monitoring of vitals to be infrequent and inconsistent. We suggest further grassroots research be conducted in developing nations so that strategic and precise reform can be made to lower global maternal mortality...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Olayide Ogunsiji, Lesley Wilkes, Harrison Ng Chok
Western countries working toward eradication of female genital mutilation require better inclusion of women originally from countries where the practice is prevalent. However, few authors have examined the knowledge, attitudes and experiences of circumcised African migrant women in western countries. Our findings from forty responses from self-reported survey and five in-depth interviews show that the participating African migrant women know the reasons behind FGC, are living with the negative consequences of FGC and have a zero tolerance attitude toward the practice...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Helen Murphy, Joanna Strong
A difficult birth experience can have long lasting psychological effects on both mother and baby and this study details 4 in-depth accounts of first time mothers who described their birth experience as traumatizing. Narrative analysis was used to record discrepancies between the ideal and the real and produced narrative accounts that highlighted how these mothers felt invisible and dismissed in a medical culture of engineering obstetrics. Participants also detailed how their birth experience could be improved and this is set in context alongside current recommendations in maternal health care and the complexities of delivering such care in UK health settings...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Naiyer Anvar, Hossein Matlabi, Abdolrasoul Safaiyan, Hamid Allahverdipour, Sousan Kolahi
We aimed to determine the effectiveness of a self-management program amongst older women with rheumatoid arthritis. The intervention group (n = 40) received a six-week arthritis self-management program. Assessments were recorded prior to and after the program using a demographic questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale, Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, and self- reported questions regarding mobility. Significant improvements in self-efficacy for functional ability and pain management were found in the intervention group compared to those before the intervention and the control group...
February 8, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Roghieh Bagheri, Parvin Abedi, Parvaneh Mousavi, Nasrin Azimi
This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and its relationship with demographic factors and medical disorders on 980 postmenopausal women. Data was gathered using a demographic questionnaire and the International Restless Legs Syndrome Scale. The prevalence of RLS was 16.02% (157/980). Women with poor economic status were 3.37 and 2.33 times more likely to have RLS than women with a good economic situation and moderate economic status (CI:2.041-5.579, P≤0.0001) and (CI: 1...
February 8, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Nastaran Bagherian-Afrakoti, Abbas Alipour, Mehdi Pourasghar, Marjan Ahmad Shirvani
The choice of caesarean deliveries by mothers is highly influenced by inadequate knowledge and negative attitudes towards vaginal birth. In this semi-experimental study, we compared knowledge, attitude and decision making about modes of delivery between nulliparous pregnant women who received eight sessions of group consultation and those who took routine prenatal education. Contrary to the control group, the improvement of knowledge and attitudes were significant in the consultation group (p<0.001), as well as mothers' decisions for vaginal birth (p = 0...
February 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Towhid Babazadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam, Elaheh Ezzati, Reza Sarkhosh, Shahin Aghemiri
Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to assess the cognitive determinants of Cervical Cancer Screening Behavior (CCSB) among housewife women in Islamabad County, Iran. Through multistage random sampling we recruited and interviewed 280 housewife women. The women who perceived more benefits of performing the Pap test (OR = 1.11), and perceived fewer barriers (OR = 0.915), and higher self-efficacy to perform the test (OR = 1.12) were more likely to have a CCSB in the previous three years. Our findings are informative for the development of targeted interventions to foster CCSB among housewife women...
January 17, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Michelle S Williams, Ernest Kenu, Isaac Dzubey, Jemima A Dennis-Antwi, Kevin Fontaine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Chibuogwu Izugbara
Much research has been conducted on the extent of violence against women (VAW) and the underlying risk factors associated with VAW. Unfortunately, research into the implications of spousal age-related factors for VAW remains underexplored. This study explored the implications of spousal age gaps for VAW in Tanzania and Nigeria. Data from the 2008 Nigeria (n = 33,385) and 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) (n = 10,139) for women aged 15-49 years were used. We used univariate and multivariate statistical analyses to assess the relationship between VAW and spousal age-related contextual factors...
January 11, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Britta Wigginton, Kim Farmer, Sharon Kapambwe, Lisa Fitzgerald, Marina M Reeves, Sheleigh P Lawler
Cancer has become a global health concern with marked differences in the incidence and mortality rates between developing and developed countries. Understanding the factors hat shape uptake of preventative and screening services is key. We use in-depth interviews with 13 Zambian urban-based female cancer survivors to explore the facilitators and barriers to screening, diagnosis and treatment, with a particular focus on cultural influences. We identified a central discourse (i.e. a story told about cancer) in all of the interviews: 'cancer is a death sentence'...
January 10, 2018: Health Care for Women International
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