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Health Care for Women International

Marianne Kjelsvik, Ragnhild J Tveit Sekse, Asgjerd Litlere Moi, Elin M Aasen, Catherine A Chesla, Eva Gjengedal
Abortion during the first trimester is legal in most Western countries. However, deciding to terminate a pregnancy is a challenging process, and some women arrive at the abortion clinic still not absolutely certain. We explored the experiences of thirteen pregnant Norwegian women struggling to finalize their decision, interviewing them before and after their decision. Verification of the pregnancy meant a new reality for the women. They started to consider their readiness, describing the experience as a lonely journey during which their values were challenged...
May 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Zekiye Karaçam, Ayden Çoban, Burcu Akbaş, Erdem Karabulut
We determined the prevalence of postpartum depression and related risk factors in Turkey based on relevant research. This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis and was conducted by performing a scan of the Turkish and English literature over the period January-February 2016. Most of the research included in this systematic compilation made use of the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. The scans executed indicated that 4740 women out of 18780 were at risk for postpartum depression. In the computations made based on these data, it was found that the consolidated prevalence of postpartum depression was 24% (21%-27% at a confidence interval of 95%) and that this rate varied between 9% and 51%...
April 25, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Solomon Mwije
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Sheila Pintado
The aim of this study was to analyze the search for meaning in women with breast cancer and its relationship with the emotional well-being. One hundred thirty-one breast cancer survivors were assessed using a mixed-method. Results showed that the meaning of suffer cancer can be explained by nine categories; and the utility of the suffering experienced was divided in seven categories. Moreover, the results showed a significant correlation between the meaning and the utility of suffering cancer, and the emotional well-being...
April 25, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Tatjana Gazibara, Biljana Rancic, Sanja Radovanovic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Jelena Dotlic
Physical and psychological changes during menopausal transition may affect various aspects of everyday functioning including women's work ability and work productivity. Presence of menopausal symptoms has been well-acknowledged to negatively affect quality of life (QOL). However, data on factors associated with occupational QOL among women at this period of life are lacking. The authors' purpose in this study was to evaluate factors affecting occupational QOL in a sample of employed mid-life women who are experiencing menopause...
April 18, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Melissa Wiles, Sonny Agustin, Subasri Narasimhan, Jessica D Gipson
The circumstances surrounding sexual debut influence subsequent sexual and reproductive outcomes. We analysed longitudinal data from 397 women who participated in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey in Cebu, Philippines to examine associations between unwanted first sex and number of pregnancies, unintended pregnancy, and use of modern contraception. 72% of women reported unwanted first sex. Women whose first sex was unwanted had increased odds of unintended pregnancy compared to women whose first sex was wanted (aOR = 2...
April 18, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Robin Mason, Linda Turner
Due to the adverse health effects, victims of domestic violence are frequently seen in the health care system. Yet, health care providers may lack the training to assist them. Online curricula can be an effective instructional tool. Our competency-based, serious video game, Responding to Domestic Violence in Clinical Settings, was designed to address health care providers' knowledge gaps through 17 modules, each a half hour in length. Nearly 9,000 participants completed at least one module; nursing students completed the most modules, approximately five hours of instruction...
April 13, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Shrivridhi Shukla, Judith L M McCoyd
Women provide informal caregiving across the world and are often expected to provide care even when ailing themselves. We explore the lived experience of 33 impoverished married Indian women living with HIV, caring for their husbands and/or children living with HIV. Drawing on concepts of authoritative knowledge (AK), self-efficacy and resilience, we found a trajectory that reveals barriers to accessing care, yet we also found that women developed strengths and resiliency. Women gather information, develop 'environ-info,' and deliberatively weigh AK from health workers, family/friends' advice, and their own experiences...
April 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Dušan Ružičić, Milan Dobrić, Mira Vuković, Dragan Hrnčić, Slavica Đorđević, Milijana Ružičić, Srđan Aleksandrić, Ana Đorđević-Dikić, Branko Beleslin
Breast arterial calcifications (BACs) are common findings on mammography which are associated with an increased risk of the coronary artery disease (CAD). Our aim in the current study was to design measurement instruments of CAD prediction, with or without BACs, and its discriminatory validity in the diagnosis of CAD (expressed by Syntax score) in women. This was observational, prospective study in the women cohort which underwent mammography and angiography. In this study we have demonstrated that the total 'The Breast Arterial Calcification and Coronary Artery Disease Scale' (BACCADS) was good additional diagnostic tool for detection of patients with severe CAD...
April 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Grażyna Gebuza, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Alicja Gdaniec, Estera Mieczkowska, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Agnieszka Dombrowska-Pali, Mariola Banaszkiewicz, Marek Maleńczyk
Episiotomy belongs to the most frequent procedures carried out during delivery. Performing episiotomy should be reduced as there is scientific evidence indicating that it can cause pain, sexual problems, and serious, long-term health consequences. The aim of the researchers is to identify factors associated with episiotomy and the perineal tear. Analyses were performed using a model of a logistic regression. The study involved 4493 women. The episiotomy risk was related to: a birth weight exceeding 3500 grams, an instrumental delivery by means of forceps or vacuum extraction...
April 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Michelle E Deming, Amir Bhochhibhoya, LaDrea Ingram, Crystal Stafford, Xiaoming Li
Women are disproportionately affected by HIV in many regions of the world and they represent the fastest growing demographic in the HIV epidemic. In addition, sexual violence against women is a global public health issue which increases women's vulnerability of HIV/STI acquisition. However, the relationship between sexual violence and HIV/STI risk are complex and contribute to the growing epidemic of women infected with HIV/STIs. Our purpose for this review is to examine existing HIV/STI interventions that target women who experience forced sex...
April 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Rizwana Roomaney, Ashraf Kagee
In this paper, we describe the process of construction and validation of a health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure for patients with endometriosis. The items in the measure were initially constructed, edited and reduced using a consultative process with endometriosis experts. We then determined the test reliability, validity and factor structure of the measure by administering the measure and several other measures to 203 patients with endometriosis. The 35-item measure produced an eight-dimension factor structure...
April 2, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Dariusz Dolinski, Barbara Dolinska, Yoram Bar-Tal
A study with a placebo was conducted. Healthy university students were given a placebo and were told to make one pill every day for a week. Participants were informed that the medicine improved mood. The extent to which they conformed to this instruction was treated as an index of compliance. Our results show that for women, but not for men, positive mood and cognitive structuring or negative mood and lack of cognitive structuring significantly predicted participants' compliance. A new model of medication adherence, based on the role of the patient's mood and cognitive structuring processes in decision making is presented in the paper...
April 2, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Andrés Palacios Picos, Ruth Pinedo González, Myriam de la Iglesia Gutierrez
The aim of the researchers is to explore the causes and consequences of the psychological health of sex workers as well as provide an intervention model for the prevention of mental disorders in accordance with WHO levels. The study sample consisted of 146 sex workers from Spain. Loneliness and maltreatment have a negative influence on psychological health, while self-esteem has a protector role over psychological health. Psychological health has a positive impact on perceived quality of life and other health domains...
March 22, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Christophe Clesse, Joëlle Lighezzolo-Alnot, Sylvie De Lavergne, Sandrine Hamlin, Michèle Scheffler
The authors' purpose for this article is to identify, review and interpret all publications about the episiotomy rates worldwide. Based on the criteria from the PRISMA guidelines, twenty databases were scrutinized. All studies which include national statistics related to episiotomy were selected, as well as studies presenting estimated data. Sixty-one papers were selected with publication dates between 1995 and 2016. A static and dynamic analysis of all the results was carried out. The assumption for the decline in the number of episiotomies is discussed and confirmed, recalling that nowadays high rates of episiotomy remain in less industrialized countries and East Asia...
March 6, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Hassan Rafiey, Mostafa Amini Rarani, Fardin Alipour, Narges Rouhi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae
Lack of a valid and reliable women's empowerment tool was reported by previous studies in Iran. The authors of this paper, accordingly, intended to fill this gap by developing a valid questionnaire. 600 women in Dezful city, southeast of Iran, took part in the study in 2014-2015. Multistage sampling method was used to recruit the participants. Our exploratory factor analysis revealed that 18 items of the model loaded on 4 factors. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was suitable as Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0...
March 5, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Leslee Goldstein, Sanford I Nidich, Rachel Goodman, David Goodman
Vulnerable women living in poverty in Uganda, who are primarily single, illiterate mothers, face high levels of physical and psychological stress. Our study assessed the impact of the Transcendental Meditation® (TM®) technique on self-efficacy, perceived stress, and mental and physical quality of life of these women. This single-blind controlled study involved 81 women who were assigned to either practice of the Transcendental Meditation program (n = 42) or wait-list (delayed start) control group (n = 39)...
March 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
C Quercioli, F Nisticò, G Messina, M Maccari, M Barducci, G Carriero, N Nante
Researchers' aim was to investigate if patients/physicians characteristics could differently affect males/females health care expenditure. In 2009/2010, a health-related-quality-of-life (HRQL) measure was distributed to 887 general practitioners' (GP) patients in Siena's province-Italy. Severity of diseases was calculated through Cumulative Illness Rating Scale Severity Index (CIRS-SI). Information about GPs' gender and age and patients' gender, age, and socio-economic variables were recorded. 2012 data about pharmaceutical, outpatient and hospital expenditure were obtained...
March 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Sundus Tariq, Saba Tariq, Khalid Parvez Lone
Osteoporosis is most common age related, multifactorial disease. The aim of the researchers were to discover the association between serum homocysteine, vitamin D, vitamin B12 and bone mineral density in postmenopausal non-osteoporotic and osteoporotic females. In this cross- sectional study, 156 postmenopausal females between 50-70 years of age were recruited and divided into two groups, non-osteoporotic (n = 52) and osteoporotic (n = 104). There was significant negative correlation of homocysteine with vitamin D and B12 in postmenopausal non-osteoporotic and homocysteine with vitamin B12 in postmenopausal osteoporotic females...
February 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Jennifer Malecki, Paul Rhodes, Jane Ussher
Contemporary understandings of anorexia nervosa are framed by the body image paradigm. The body-image framework considers that women's bodily experiences are reflected through distorted mental images of their bodies or disordered thinking and behavior around food and eating. Body image has come to symbolize all that can go wrong with women's relationship with their bodies, food and eating. The problem with this approach is its failure to consider the experience of women who survived childhood abuse. Women's bodily disturbances are not easily discernible through objective measures as they lie within the inner subjective realm of the embodied 'self', and embodied emotional experience...
February 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
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