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Health Care for Women International

Jennifer Malecki, Paul Rhodes, Jane Ussher
Contemporary understandings of anorexia nervosa are framed by the body-image paradigm. The body-image framework considers that women's bodily experiences are reflected through distorted mental images of their bodies or disordered thinking and behavior around food and eating. Body image has come to symbolize all that can go wrong with women's relationships with their bodies, food, and eating. The problem with this approach is its failure to consider the experience of women who have survived childhood abuse. Women's bodily disturbances are not easily discernible through objective measures because they lie within the inner subjective realm of the embodied 'self' and embodied emotional experience...
August 28, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Tiara C Willie, Tamora A Callands
Women who experience reproductive coercion are at risk for poor reproductive health, but no study has examined prenatal distress as a consequence. Using cross-sectional data of 195 pregnant women aged 18-30 in Monrovia, Liberia, we examined the association between reproductive coercion and prenatal distress. The prevalence of current reproductive coercion was 9%. Young pregnant women who experienced reproductive coercion had more prenatal distress than women without these experiences. Reproductive coercion can heighten pregnancy-specific concerns for young Liberian women...
August 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Rebecca M Flueckiger, Rajeev Colaco, Bibek Adhikari, Joshi Palas, Ghanshyam Kandel, Julia Kish Doto, Shova Lama, Robert Timmons, Damodar Adhikari
Monetary incentives effectively promote antenatal care (ANC) attendance. However, in Nepal, late release of incentives is common, which leads to delays in payment to mothers, thereby negating the intended motivation. We evaluate a novel innovation where community organizers partnered with a Women's Saving and Credit Cooperative to provide interest-free loans for timely distribution to mothers. Through focus group discussions and interviews we found that monetary incentives motivate women to seek ANC services and timely incentives provide critical commodities postpartum...
August 22, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Stephen Ayo Adebowale
The researcher assessed trends and patterns of marital timing and child marriage (CM) among women of reproductive age in Nigeria. Four rounds of Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data-set were used (1990-2013). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Cox-regression model with time-dependent covariates (α = 0.05). CM (<18 years) falls consistently from 63.8% in 1990 to 56.3% in 2013. The hazard ratio of CM was 1.24 (CI =1.19-1.28, p < .001), 1.24 (CI =1.19-1.29, p < .001), and 1...
August 13, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Sanzida Akhter, Susanne Schech
In this paper we examine the perceptions and experiences of childbirth among a group of wealthier women in Dhaka through in-depth interviews. We find that a number of factors including preference for Caesarean Section (CS), socio-economic position, family structure, and perceptions of modern childbirth contributed to the women's overuse of medical childbirth services. Furthermore, women's capacity to purchase modern maternal health care in the private sector did not necessarily ensure high quality care in a health system which approaches maternal healthcare as a profit-making enterprise rather than as an essential human right...
June 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
İlknur Atasever, Aslı Sis Çelik
The aim of the authors in this study was to adapt the Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory developed abroad into Turkish for the evaluation of perceived stress during pregnancy. This study consisted of 350 primigravidas who attended the outpatient clinic of Nenehatun Women's Birth Hospital in Erzurum city in eastern Turkey between 10 March 2015 and 4 January 2016. The Prenatal Distress Scale and Turkish version of the Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory were used to collect data through face-to-face interviews...
June 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Grażyna Gebuza, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Alicja Gdaniec, Estera Mieczkowska, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Agnieszka Dombrowska-Pali, Mariola Banaszkiewicz, Marek Maleńczyk
Episiotomy belongs to the most frequent procedures carried out during delivery. Performing episiotomy should be reduced as there is scientific evidence indicating that it can cause pain, sexual problems, and serious, long-term health consequences. The aim of the researchers is to identify factors associated with episiotomy and the perineal tear. Analyses were performed using a model of a logistic regression. The study involved 4493 women. The episiotomy risk was related to: a birth weight exceeding 3500 grams, an instrumental delivery by means of forceps or vacuum extraction...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Christophe Clesse, Joëlle Lighezzolo-Alnot, Sylvie De Lavergne, Sandrine Hamlin, Michèle Scheffler
The authors' purpose for this article is to identify, review and interpret all publications about the episiotomy rates worldwide. Based on the criteria from the PRISMA guidelines, twenty databases were scrutinized. All studies which include national statistics related to episiotomy were selected, as well as studies presenting estimated data. Sixty-one papers were selected with publication dates between 1995 and 2016. A static and dynamic analysis of all the results was carried out. The assumption for the decline in the number of episiotomies is discussed and confirmed, recalling that nowadays high rates of episiotomy remain in less industrialized countries and East Asia...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Bola Lukman Solanke
In this study, the researcher examines associated individual and community factors of indications of caesarean delivery in Southern Nigeria. Data were pooled from 2003-2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys. Analyses were performed using Stata 12. The multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression was applied. Indications of caesarean delivery were 4.9% over the studied period. Maternal age, parity, education, and household wealth were significantly associated with indications of caesarean delivery. Community effects on indications of caesarean delivery were significant...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Helen Murphy, Joanna Strong
A difficult birth experience can have long lasting psychological effects on both mother and baby and this study details four in-depth accounts of first time mothers who described their birth experience as traumatizing. Narrative analysis was used to record discrepancies between the ideal and the real and produced narrative accounts that highlighted how these mothers felt invisible and dismissed in a medical culture of engineering obstetrics. Participants also detailed how their birth experience could be improved and this is set in context alongside current recommendations in maternal health care and the complexities of delivering such care in UK health settings...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Nastaran Bagherian-Afrakoti, Abbas Alipour, Mehdi Pourasghar, Marjan Ahmad Shirvani
The choice of casarean deliveries by mothers is highly influenced by inadequate knowldge and negative attitudes towards vaginal birth. In this semi-experimental study, we compared knowledge, attitude, and decision making about modes of delivery between nulliparous pregnant women who received eight sessions of group consultation and those who took routine prenatal education. Contrary to the control group, the improvement of knowledge and attitudes were significant in the consultation group (p < 0.001), as well as mothers' decisions for vaginal birth (p = 0...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Robin Mason, Linda Turner
Due to many adverse health effects, victims of domestic violence are frequently seen in the health care system. Yet, health care providers may lack the training to assist them. Online curricula can be an effective instructional tool. Our competency-based, serious video game, Responding to Domestic Violence in Clinical Settings, was designed to address health care providers' knowledge gaps through 17 modules, each a half hour in length. Nearly 9,000 participants completed at least one module; nursing students completed the most modules, approximately five hours of instruction...
May 10, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Dušan Ružičić, Milan Dobrić, Mira Vuković, Dragan Hrnčić, Slavica Đorđević, Milijana Ružičić, Srđan Aleksandrić, Ana Đorđević-Dikić, Branko Beleslin
Breast arterial calcifications (BACs) are common findings on mammography which are associated with an increased risk of the coronary artery disease (CAD). Our aim in the current study was to design measurement instruments of CAD prediction, with or without BACs, and its discriminatory validity in the diagnosis of CAD (expressed by Syntax score) in women. This was observational, prospective study in the women cohort which underwent mammography and angiography. In this study, we have demonstrated that the total 'Breast Arterial Calcification and Coronary Artery Disease Scale' was good additional diagnostic tool for detection of patients with severe CAD...
May 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Eleanor Krassen Covan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Health Care for Women International
Marianne Kjelsvik, Ragnhild J Tveit Sekse, Asgjerd Litleré Moi, Elin M Aasen, Catherine A Chesla, Eva Gjengedal
Abortion during the first trimester is legal in most Western countries. However, deciding to terminate a pregnancy is a challenging process, and some women arrive at the abortion clinic still not absolutely certain. We explored the experiences of 13 pregnant Norwegian women struggling to finalize their decision, interviewing them before and after their decision. Verification of the pregnancy meant a new reality for the women. They started to consider their readiness, describing the experience as a lonely journey during which their values were challenged...
May 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Heather Story Steiness, Michelle Villegas-Gold, Homaira Parveen, Tahmina Ferdousy, Ophira Ginsburg
Breast cancer survival rates in lower-income countries like Bangladesh are approximately 50%, versus over 80% in high income countries. Anecdotal reports suggest that, beyond economic and health system barriers, sociocultural factors may influence a woman's care-seeking behavior and resultant early stage diagnoses. To understand these barriers, we conducted 63 interviews (43 women with breast cancer symptoms and 20 men) in Khulna, Bangladesh. We identified socio-cultural barriers like neglect and indifference toward women, women's lack of power to use resources, and reduced support from family due to stigma...
May 2018: Health Care for Women International
Towhid Babazadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam, Elaheh Ezzati, Reza Sarkhosh, Shahin Aghemiri
Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to assess the cognitive determinants of Cervical Cancer Screening Behavior (CCSB) among housewife women in Islamabad County, Iran. Through multistage random sampling we recruited and interviewed 280 housewife women. The women who perceived more benefits of performing the Pap test (OR = 1.11), and perceived fewer barriers (OR = 0.915), and higher self-efficacy to perform the test (OR = 1.12) were more likely to have a CCSB in the previous three years. Our findings are informative for the development of targeted interventions to foster CCSB among housewife women...
May 2018: Health Care for Women International
Michelle S Williams, Ernest Kenu, Isaac Dzubey, Jemima A Dennis-Antwi, Kevin Fontaine
Despite the availability of cervical cancer screening tools, including those that are appropriate for low resource settings, the rates of preventive cervical cancer screening remain extremely low among women in LMICS. Nurse-led education interventions have been proven to be effective at increasing participation in healthcare recommendations. However, there is a need to determine nurses' knowledge of cervical cancer and cervical cancer prevention in order to develop effective health education interventions. Our goal was to assess Ghanaian nurses' knowledge of cervical cancer and cervical cancer prevention...
May 2018: Health Care for Women International
Britta Wigginton, Kim Farmer, Sharon Kapambwe, Lisa Fitzgerald, Marina M Reeves, Sheleigh P Lawler
Cancer has become a global health concern with marked differences in the incidence and mortality rates between developing and developed countries. Understanding the factors that shape uptake of preventative and screening services is the key. We use in-depth interviews with 13 Zambian urban-based female cancer survivors to explore the facilitators and barriers to screening, diagnosis and treatment, with a particular focus on cultural influences. We identified a central theme (i.e. a story told about cancer) in all of the interviews: 'cancer is a death sentence'...
May 2018: Health Care for Women International
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