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Health Care for Women International

Walaa Abdrabbo, Abeer M Alrashed
Intrauterine growth restriction was defined as occurring if birth weight of the newborn is below 10(th) percentile for gestational age. We investigated its maternal determinants in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia by comparing 76 cases to 76 controls to aid in early detection, diagnosis and proper prevention. A history of stillbirth, less than three years interpregnancy intervals.
September 7, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Eveline Kalomo, Kyoung Hag Lee, Fred Besthorn
The study of depressive symptoms among caregivers raising HIV/AIDS-orphans is emerging as an important area of research. However, it has not been explored at length in generational and cultural contexts. In this study, the authors explore the role of financial strain, raising a HIV-infected and/or impacted child, and caregiver knowledge on the depressive symptoms of 89 older caregivers raising HIV/AIDS-orphans in Namibia, Africa. In this study, we found elevated levels of depressive symptoms among this population...
August 29, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Gretchen E Ely, Travis Hales, D Lynn Jackson, Elizabeth A Bowen, Eugene Maguin, Greer Maguin
Researchers describe hardships experienced by abortion patients, examining administrative health cases from 2010-2015 in the United States. All patients received financial assistance from an abortion fund to help pay for abortion. Case data were analyzed to assess types and numbers of hardships experienced by age, race and geographic origin. Hardships ranged from homelessness to parenting multiple children. Patients from the geographic South experienced the most hardships, followed by those from the Midwest...
August 29, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Chava Kleinman, Abira Reizer
Drawing on Bowlby's (1982) caregiving theoretical framework, this is the first preliminary examination of caregiving to postpartum depression (PPD) as well as the potential mediators to the psychological manifestations of caregiving in PPD. One hundred and fifty Israeli mothers completed four scales assessing PPD, parenting self-efficacy, caregiving representations and marital satisfaction, within 6 months after giving birth. Researchers indicated a significant association between deactivated caregiving and PPD that was mediated by lower levels of parental self-efficacy and lower marital satisfaction...
August 29, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Gulbahtiyar Demirel, Gamze Egri, Birnur Yesildag, Adem Doganer
In this descriptive study, our aim was to assess the effects of traditional practices on postpartum depression. The participants were 461 Muslim mothers with infants aged between 2 weeks and 12 months, without a history of postpartum depression or other psychiatric problems and capable of communicating fluently. The participants were volunteers and were recruited from family health centres in urban Turkey between January 15th and April 15th, 2015. Data were collected in a single face-to-face interview with each participant...
August 29, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Nagore Martinez-Merino, Nerian Martín-González, Oidui Usabiaga-Arruabarrena, Daniel Martos-Garcia
Our aim doing this systematic review was to identify and analyze studies about women prison inmates' engagement in sport and physical activities. The review was conducted in three areas -sport and physical activities, prison and women- and based on information obtained from different databases. Through a selection process we singled out 33 empirical and review studies, the quality of which was analysed. From our analysis we learn that the benefits women prison inmates derive from sport and physical activities are considerable, although they also reveal that obstacles exist to be overcome if their levels of participation are to rise...
August 29, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Siri Nyen, Bodil Tveit
The aims of the researchers were to explore the experiences of non-Western immigrant women living with chronic pain in Norway. Nine individual interviews were conducted and analysed with a phenomenological approach. We found that the women were wavering between different models to explain their pain. Our analysis of the women's stories makes us believe that a complexity of stressful factors in their lives as immigrant women are influencing their experience of pain and that encounters with health care personnel fail to meet their needs...
August 29, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Arwa Alsaraireh, Muhammad W Darawad
The researchers' aim of this study was to assess breast cancer (BC) knowledge, attitudes and practices of breast self-examination (BSE) among female university students. Data were collected from 236 participants using self-reported questionnaires. Participants reported inadequate knowledge (45.5%), fairly positive attitudes (56.3%), and low BSE practice (37.5%). Analysis revealed significant differences based on participants' demographics. Results are in congruence with international literature, and support worldwide efforts aiming at increasing awareness of BC...
August 29, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Nazar P Shabila, Hamdia M Ahmed, Kolsoom Safar
We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and experience of health professionals of female genital mutilation (FGM). The study involved content analysis of semi-structured interviews with 21 health professionals. The participants had poor knowledge regarding different aspects of FGM including its types, prevalence, and complications as well as the existing legislation which prohibits FGM. They believed that FGM is mainly practiced for religious reasons and to reduce sexual desire/arousal. Health professionals are apparently not involved in performing FGM, and they don't support its continuation...
August 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Rosemary Nkem Ogu
We investigated perceptions of the causes of maternal mortality by women attending referral hospitals in Nigeria. Focus group discussions were conducted with various categories of women. Our results showed that women were aware of the medical causes of mortality, although a few listed divine reasons. Delays in reaching hospitals or after women arrive in hospitals featured prominently as lead causes mentioned by women. Listening to women as end-users is an important approach to identify points of remediation in the provision of maternal health care...
August 22, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Junhyoung Kim, Se-Hyuk Park, May Kim, Su Yeon Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Tamara J Cadet, Shanna L Burke, Kathleen Stewart, Tenial Howard, Mara Schonberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Tais Veronica Cardoso Vernaglia, Tatiana Henrique Leite, Sibele Faller, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Brazilian Crack Group
Female crack users who sought treatment is a hard to find part of the population. We studied socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics of crack users undergoing treatment in psychosocial care centers for alcohol and other drugs in six Brazilian cities. We carried out a cross-sectional study of 816 crack users and collected data with the Addiction Severity Index. Women were more likely to be in vulnerable situations: had worst levels of education, were not receiving money enough to their basic needs; more likely to be HIV positive (10...
August 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Evan K Perrault, Jill Inderstrodt-Stephens
We performed an online study of 320 U.S. mothers to determine how this group, generally regarded as the "Chief Medical Officers" of their families, find physicians for their families. We also aimed to uncover mothers' information preferences with the goal of helping healthcare systems improve the content they offer. Mothers responded how they chose their last family medicine physician, and the level of importance they placed on various types of provider information when making that decision. Mothers rated providers' communication style as the most important characteristic...
August 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Ana Bravo-Moreno
The aim is to achieve a transgenerational view of single motherhood in Spain, to look at which contexts it arises in, how it changes with the introduction of assisted reproduction, and how the role of religion in Spanish society permeates medical practice and affects the lives of women patients. I examine single motherhood and investigate two interconnected themes: a) being a mother and being mothered are both permeated with socio-cultural, political, religious, economic and psychological significance; b) Spain led Europe in multiple births due to assisted reproduction, thus ethical conflicts and patient rights are analysed...
August 18, 2017: Health Care for Women International
D T H Dinh, J L White, M Hipwell, T K C Nguyen, A Pharris
Insights into disclosure by PLWHA can inform strategies for treatment and support, yet Vietnamese women's self-disclosure patterns are poorly understood. We conducted interviews with 12 HIV-positive women, identifying three principal factors influencing disclosure to family members: patrilocal residence, desire to protect own family, and the need for financial support. Women's decision-making about disclosure was significantly affected by dependence on or independence of parents-in-law and their own parents...
August 16, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Cheryl Ann Anderson
The trauma of birth is an international concern for all childbearing women globally. Since changes in 1994 to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) which included childbirth as a potentially traumatic event, several clusters of researchers, particularly representing the Scandinavian countries, the United Kingdom, and Australia, have emerged. Their research findings appear in numerous publications; yet, what is known from these studies is based on a variety of methodological designs and differing measurement tools making it difficult to draw many firm conclusions (Ayers, 2004 ; Ayers, Joseph, Mc-Kenzie-McHarg, Slade, & Wijma, 2008 )...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Kyounghae Kim, Soohyun Kim, Yoonkyung Chung
Lack of medical care in North Korea and vulnerability to human trafficking during their migration increase risks of cervical cancer among North Korean refugees. To better understand factors influencing Pap test use, we conducted a qualitative study of 8 North Korean refugees in South Korea. Individual barriers were limited knowledge, lack of perceived need for preventive services, and concerns about costs. Environmental facilitators included having female providers, receiving family support, and free screenings...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Varun Sharma, Dipak Suryawanshi, Niranjan Saggurti, Shalini Bharat
Accessibility and frequency of use of health care services among female sex workers (FSWs) are constrained by various factors. In this analysis, we examined the correlates of frequency of using health care services under targeted interventions among FSWs. A sample of FSWs [N = 1,973] was obtained from a second round [2012] of Behavioural Tracking Survey [BTS], conducted in 5 districts of Andhra Pradesh, a high HIV prevalence state in southern India. We used negative binomial regression models to analyse frequency of utilisation of healthcare services among FSWs...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
Seonglim Lee, Jaehye Suk, Minjeong Kim, Hyesun Hwang
We investigated the relationship between Korean young women's weight perception and nutritional deficiency to understand the effect of culturally fostered ideals of women's bodies on dietary life. We analyzed 585 participants' responses from the 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey by using logistic regressions. Women who overestimated their weight were more likely to suffer from nutritional deficiency. Overestimating weight was significantly associated with increased relative risks of deficient carbohydrate and protein intake...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
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