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Health Care for Women International

Parvin Mansouri, Haidar Nadrian, Hamid Allahverdipour, Shahrzad Hejazi Bazargan
In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to investigate psychometric properties of the Persian versions of condom use self-efficacy (CUSES), attitude toward condom use (ATCUS), and sexually transmitted infection risk perception (STIsRP) scales among Iranian female sex workers (FSWs). We translated original versions of the scales into Persian, and through census, recruited and interviewed 140 FSWs. Appropriate validity, reliability, functionality and simplicity were demonstrated for the scales. We found the measurement model with a good fit to the data (χ2 [104] = 89...
November 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Lisa Alcock, Thomas D O'Brien, Natalie Vanicek
We investigated the biological systems involved in maintaining equilibrium during unstable and perturbed conditions in 39 healthy older women and estimated the annual difference in performance across the older age spectrum using regression. The largest annual difference in equilibrium occurred when the somatosensory system received inaccurate feedback and visual input was removed. With age, weight distribution became asymmetric at the onset of backwards perturbations, possibly in preparation for executing a stepping strategy...
November 5, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Heidi Siller, Bettina Dickinger-Neuwirth, Nikola Komlenac, Margarethe Hochleitner
We assessed medical students' opinion of affirmative action programs (AAPs), perception of gender equality and discrimination. 276 medical students (56.2% female) participated. Women considered AAPs to be more important than did men. Most women (62.6%) and men (71.9%) received equal treatment, but significantly more women (22.6%) than men (11.6%) experienced discrimination. It is necessary to convey the importance of gender equality and equal treatment, including discrimination and mistreatment. Thus, we have to raise awareness for gender equality and equal treatment not only in staff, in students or in health care but also among each other...
November 5, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Mohsen Naserirad, Karine Hadiji, Mohamad Tavakol
The aim of the researchers was to assess the community attitudes toward sexual and reproductive rights of women living with HIV (WLWH) in Iran. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. A national web-based survey was used. A substantial portion of the respondents with a mean percentage of 68.5 ± 13.66 hold negative attitudes toward sexual and reproductive rights of WLWH. Being a female, having a 25-34 age and being a graduate and above were independent predictors of positive attitudes toward sexual and reproductive rights of WLWH...
November 2, 2018: Health Care for Women International
İlknur Atasever, Aslı Sis Çelik
The aim of the authors in this study was to adapt the Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory developed abroad into Turkish for the evaluation of perceived stress during pregnancy. This study consisted of 350 primigravidas who attended the outpatient clinic of Nenehatun Women's Birth Hospital in Erzurum city in eastern Turkey between 10 March 2015 and 4 January 2016. The Prenatal Distress Scale and Turkish version of the Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory were used to collect data through face-to-face interviews...
November 1, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Maike Fliegner, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Kerstin Krupp, Sara Y Brucker, Katharina Rall, Franziska Brunner
In this study the authors examined the issue of permanent infertility in two diagnoses of the diverse sex developments (DSD) spectrum: Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (CAIS) and Mayer-Rokitansky-KÏster-Hauser Syndrome (MRKHS). The participants with CAIS (n = 12) was older, showed a lower wish for a child and was less distressed about their infertility compared to participants with MRKHS (n = 49). Our data indicated an "indifferent" attitude toward motherhood in CAIS and an "ambivalent" attitude in MRKHS...
October 26, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Junga Lee
We investigated the associations between physical activity, physical inactivity, and ovarian cancer risk and identified the most effective physical activity intensity and amount to reduce ovarian cancer risk. Thirty-four studies were selected for the present meta-analysis. Physical activity helps decrease ovarian cancer risk. Moderate intensity and low amount of physical activity showed the greatest reduction of ovarian cancer risk and prolonged sitting time had the worst ovarian cancer risk. At least 2 h of moderate physical activity per week and <3 h of sitting time per day provided a preventive effect to ovarian cancer...
October 25, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Jildyz Urbaeva, Eunju Lee
Women's household autonomy is associated with maternal healthcare utilization in developing countries, but its effects are not consistently positive. In the current study, the researchers test prenatal care utilization in Armenia and Azerbaijan (N = 2,159). After controlling for socioeconomic factors, we find that women's autonomy seems to be a mixed blessing. For instance, participating in daily purchases delays the start of prenatal care, but results in more prenatal care visits. Additionally, a woman's household position as a daughter-in-law has significant negative associations with accessing prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy...
October 3, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Jonathan S Gore, Helyne Frederick, Marina Ramkissoon
Mother-daughter communication about health is one of the most important experiences that young women can have to promote a healthy lifestyle, but the success of that communication depends on a variety of factors. Three factors that influence health motivation and behavior were examined in this study: (1) the frequency mothers and daughters communicate about health, (2) the quality of those interactions, and (3) their country. Participants were 168 female college students (74 from Jamaica and 92 from the United States) who completed online surveys regarding the relationship with their mothers, how often they talked with their mother about a variety of health topics, how they were motivated, and how often they engaged in healthy and unhealthy behaviors...
September 28, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Yenupini Joyce Adams, Manfred Stommel, Adejoke Ayoola, Mildred Horodynski, Address Malata, Barbara Smith
We examined husbands' knowledge and attendance at their wives' postpartum visit in a sample of rural husband-and-wife farmer dyads in central Malawi. A cross-sectional matched-pairs survey of 70 husband-and-wife farmer dyads, who lived in rural communities in Ntcheu district, and had a live birth in the past year was conducted. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered, structured postpartum questionnaire adapted from WHO Safe Motherhood Needs Assessment Questionnaires. Many husbands did not know about postpartum assessments and education their wives received from health facilities...
September 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Khadijeh Kazemi, Hamid Allahverdipour, Sara Pourrazavi, Haidar Nadrian, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
Despite the multidimensionality of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women, there is a lack of research on the perspectives of men toward the phenomenon. Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to examine the predictability of social cognitive theory in explaining men's violent behaviors against women. We find among a sample of 576 Iranian married men showed a reciprocal determinism between outcome expectancy, attitude toward IPV, and observational learning in formation of men's IPV against women. Therefore, the interactive associations of cognitive and environmental factors, as a comprehensive approach, should be considered while studying the determinants of IPV against women among men...
September 24, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Sanzida Akhter, Susanne Schech
In this paper, we examine the perceptions and experiences of childbirth among a group of wealthier women in Dhaka through in-depth interviews. We find that a number of factors including preference for Caesarean Section (CS), socio-economic position, family structure, and perceptions of modern childbirth contributed to the women's overuse of medical childbirth services. Furthermore, women's capacity to purchase modern maternal health care in the private sector did not necessarily ensure high quality care in a health system which approaches maternal healthcare as a profit-making enterprise rather than as an essential human right...
September 24, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Jennifer Malecki, Paul Rhodes, Jane Ussher
Contemporary understandings of anorexia nervosa are framed by the body-image paradigm. The body-image framework considers that women's bodily experiences are reflected through distorted mental images of their bodies or disordered thinking and behavior around food and eating. Body image has come to symbolize all that can go wrong with women's relationships with their bodies, food, and eating. The problem with this approach is its failure to consider the experience of women who have survived childhood abuse. Women's bodily disturbances are not easily discernible through objective measures because they lie within the inner subjective realm of the embodied 'self' and embodied emotional experience...
August 28, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Tiara C Willie, Tamora A Callands
Women who experience reproductive coercion are at risk for poor reproductive health, but no study has examined prenatal distress as a consequence. Using cross-sectional data of 195 pregnant women aged 18-30 in Monrovia, Liberia, we examined the association between reproductive coercion and prenatal distress. The prevalence of current reproductive coercion was 9%. Young pregnant women who experienced reproductive coercion had more prenatal distress than women without these experiences. Reproductive coercion can heighten pregnancy-specific concerns for young Liberian women...
August 27, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Rebecca M Flueckiger, Rajeev Colaco, Bibek Adhikari, Joshi Palas, Ghanshyam Kandel, Julia Kish Doto, Shova Lama, Robert Timmons, Damodar Adhikari
Monetary incentives effectively promote antenatal care (ANC) attendance. However, in Nepal, late release of incentives is common, which leads to delays in payment to mothers, thereby negating the intended motivation. We evaluate a novel innovation where community organizers partnered with a Women's Saving and Credit Cooperative to provide interest-free loans for timely distribution to mothers. Through focus group discussions and interviews we found that monetary incentives motivate women to seek ANC services and timely incentives provide critical commodities postpartum...
August 22, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Stephen Ayo Adebowale
The researcher assessed trends and patterns of marital timing and child marriage (CM) among women of reproductive age in Nigeria. Four rounds of Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data-set were used (1990-2013). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Cox-regression model with time-dependent covariates (α = 0.05). CM (<18 years) falls consistently from 63.8% in 1990 to 56.3% in 2013. The hazard ratio of CM was 1.24 (CI =1.19-1.28, p < .001), 1.24 (CI =1.19-1.29, p < .001), and 1...
August 13, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Eleanor Krassen Covan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Health Care for Women International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Grażyna Gebuza, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Alicja Gdaniec, Estera Mieczkowska, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Agnieszka Dombrowska-Pali, Mariola Banaszkiewicz, Marek Maleńczyk
Episiotomy belongs to the most frequent procedures carried out during delivery. Performing episiotomy should be reduced as there is scientific evidence indicating that it can cause pain, sexual problems, and serious, long-term health consequences. The aim of the researchers is to identify factors associated with episiotomy and the perineal tear. Analyses were performed using a model of a logistic regression. The study involved 4493 women. The episiotomy risk was related to: a birth weight exceeding 3500 grams, an instrumental delivery by means of forceps or vacuum extraction...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
Christophe Clesse, Joëlle Lighezzolo-Alnot, Sylvie De Lavergne, Sandrine Hamlin, Michèle Scheffler
The authors' purpose for this article is to identify, review and interpret all publications about the episiotomy rates worldwide. Based on the criteria from the PRISMA guidelines, twenty databases were scrutinized. All studies which include national statistics related to episiotomy were selected, as well as studies presenting estimated data. Sixty-one papers were selected with publication dates between 1995 and 2016. A static and dynamic analysis of all the results was carried out. The assumption for the decline in the number of episiotomies is discussed and confirmed, recalling that nowadays high rates of episiotomy remain in less industrialized countries and East Asia...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
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