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Journal of Community Health Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023162/bullying-effects-on-school-aged-children-screening-tools-and-referral-sources
#1
Katie Fisher, Brenda Cassidy, Ann M Mitchell
Bullying is not a new concept or behavior, and is now gaining national attention as a growing public health concern. Bullying leads to short- and long-term physical and psychological damage to both the victims and the bullies. The serious implications of bullying drive a clinical mandate for teachers and school nurses to be educated and adequately trained to identify and address bullying within schools. This review of the literature describes screening tools that can be utilized to identify both victims and bullies...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023161/an-integrative-review-of-factors-associated-with-patient-attrition-from-community-health-worker-programs-that-support-diabetes-self-care
#2
Heidy N Merius, Annie J Rohan
An integrative review was conducted using PubMed and CINAHL databases to answer: What is known about adult attrition from community health worker (CHW) programs on diabetes self-care? The 14 articles described patients of multiple races who were mainly of lower socioeconomic status. CHW interventions were given in individual meetings and/or group sessions. Incentives to reduce attrition came in different forms. Barriers involved transportation, family obligations, and scheduling conflicts. Attrition from these programs is a multifactorial problem...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023160/collaborating-with-public-housing-residents-and-staff-to-improve-health-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#3
Devon Noonan, Ann Michelle Hartman, Joyce Briggs, Donna J Biederman
This study described the health behaviors and barriers and facilitators of those behaviors in elderly and/or disabled residents of public housing. A mixed-methods design was used. Residents (N = 88) completed a survey with validated measures of health behaviors. A sub-sample (N = 16) participated in three focus groups. Residents scored worse than population norms on the majority of behaviors measured. Qualitative results framed in an ecological model indicated the majority of facilitators and barriers to health behaviors were perceived as occurring at the intrapersonal and interpersonal levels...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023158/healthy-families-a-family-based-community-intervention-to-address-childhood-obesity
#4
Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Healthy Families, a family-based community intervention, in improving the knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors of overweight/obese children and their families as well as to explore the lessons learned. Results showed families who completed the program had significant improvements for children and parents in areas such as nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy in making healthy eating choices as well as participating in physical activity...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023157/public-health-and-school-nurses-perceptions-of-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-in-missouri
#5
Darson Rhodes, Joseph Visker, Carol Cox, Emily Forsyth, Kendra Woolman
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is associated with various forms of cancer and is preventable with vaccination. Nurses are in a unique position to directly influence a person's decision to receive the HPV vaccine. A statewide sample of both school and public health nurses was used to assess knowledge and attitudes related to the HPV vaccine as well as nurse's behaviors and behavioral intentions toward educating parents and recommending the vaccine. Positive attitudes and adequate knowledge levels were found, however, the majority of school nurses did not provide information and resources to parents...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767295/our-children-our-hope-voices-of-african-american-mothers-living-with-hiv-and-rearing-uninfected-children
#6
Ruth Muze, Elijah O Onsomu
Parenting school-aged children while living with HIV has been associated with significant consequences for African American mothers. This article presents and discusses the results of a qualitative study that examined the parenting experiences of HIV-infected African American mothers rearing young children. A sample of 8 inner-city, African American mothers of uninfected preschool-aged children were interviewed individually. Interview guide questions explored day-to-day childcare activities from the mothers' perspective...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767294/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-a-smartphone-based-injury-prevention-application-s-ipa-for-teachers-at-child-care-centers-in-south-korea
#7
Kyung-Ah Kang, Shin-Jeong Kim, So Ra Kang, Seung-Hee Lee, Yae Young Kim, Kevin Wayne Ellis
The purpose of this study was to develop a smartphone-based injury-prevention application (S-IPA) for teachers working in child-care centers, and to test the satisfaction level of the users of the application (app). Through a literature review and needs assessment, an app compatible with the Apple iPhone operating system was developed. The app was verified and the mean total satisfaction with 7 features of the app was 7.76 (± 1.13) on a score of 1-10. The result of the S-IPA survey showed a positive response, indicating a high potential for use as a teacher's educational guide, which would provide an effective information delivery system for the prevention of possible injuries at child-care centers...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767292/us-healthcare-experiences-of-hispanic-patients-with-diabetes-and-family-members-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Karen A Amirehsani, Jie Hu, Debra C Wallace, Zulema A Silva, Sarah Dick, Lauren N West-Livingston, Christina R Hussami
Hispanics in the United States experience significant health disparities. Using focus groups conducted in Spanish, we explored the perspectives of 172 Hispanic adults regarding their healthcare experiences. Many participants were women (64.5%) and primarily from Mexico (80%). Four major qualitative themes emerged: (a) provide us with information, (b) want attentive and respectful relationships, (c) want better care, and (d) perceived discrimination. Suboptimal patient-provider interactions were described. Research is needed to explore interventions that address these issues...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767291/improving-asthma-control-through-asthma-action-plans-a-quality-improvement-project-at-a-midwest-community-clinic
#9
Laila S Akhter, Jeyn L Monkman, Gao Vang, Jeanne Pfeiffer
This urban community clinic had poor asthma outcomes compared to the state of Minnesota. The standard of care supports an annual Asthma Action Plan (AAP). However, the majority of patients at this clinic had not received one. This quality improvement project aimed to improve asthma control, measured by an asthma control test of at least 20, through AAP implementation supported by all team members. The clinic's interdisciplinary champion group implemented workflow changes via practice facilitation and Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767290/grow-green-organic-vegetable-gardens-to-promote-older-adult-wellness-a-feasibility-study
#10
Kelley Strout, John Jemison, Liam O'Brien, David Wihry, Timothy Waterman
Protecting older adult's cognitive health is a public health priority. Wellness behaviors within 6 domains have demonstrated effectiveness in protecting older adult's cognitive abilities. Interventions targeted to low-income older adults are needed because these populations experience greater social and physical health disparities compared to adults in higher socioeconomic statuses. This study examined the feasibility of engaging independent, community-dwelling older adults living in low-income senior housing in cultivating raised-bed gardens and reviewed the improvements in cognition and nutrition...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467209/use-of-sedative-hypnotic-drugs-among-older-adults
#11
Diana R Mager, Rose Iannino-Renz
The purpose of this study was to reduce numbers of concurrently ordered sedative-hypnotic drugs for older adults in long-term (N = 220) and home-care (N = 357) settings. All active records were reviewed and numbers of sedative-hypnotics per patient were documented. Upon record review completion, educational sessions focused on dangers posed by use of multiple sedative-hypnotics were presented to nurses. One month posteducation, researchers reviewed the same records to evaluate changes. Matched pair t-tests suggested significant decreases in sedative-hypnotic use in long term, but not in the home care setting...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467207/unhealthy-lifestyle-behaviors-in-korean-people-with-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Seongmi Moon
This study identified factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors in people with metabolic syndrome in South Korea. The sample consisted of 1,207 subjects with metabolic syndrome from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014. High-risk alcohol consumption, smoking, aerobic physical activity, leisure physical activity, excessive carbohydrate intake, and fat intake were measured. A secondary data analysis was performed using chi-square tests and logistic regression...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#13
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467205/depression-in-young-people-more-than-just-a-bad-day-a-concept-analysis
#14
Patricia G Wilson
AIM: Suicide from depression is the second leading cause of death in young people. To better understand depression, a concept analysis was conducted using the Lorraine Walker and Kay Avant method. SOURCE OF DATA: Three electronic databases searched using keywords such as depress*, stigma, and feeling depressed yielded 40 articles in English from 2006 through 2016. RESULTS: Primary attribute was depressed mood; stress was the primary antecedent found in young people...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467204/schools-as-sites-for-recruiting-participants-and-implementing-research
#15
Robin Bartlett, Tiffany Wright, Tia Olarinde, Tara Holmes, Emily R Beamon, Debra Wallace
Schools can be a valuable resource for recruitment of participants for research involving children, adolescents, and parents. Awareness of the benefits and challenges of working with schools can assist researchers in developing effective school partnerships. This article discusses the advantages of conducting research within the school system as well as the challenges that may also arise. Such challenges include developing key contacts, building relationships, logistical arrangements, and facilitating trust in the research topic and team...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287824/erratum
#16
Claire Su-Yeon Park, Saunjoo L Yoon, Soon-Nyung Yun, Eunok Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156147/korean-patient-perceived-satisfaction-scale-of-community-based-case-management-services-korean-psccm-development-and-psychometric-evaluation
#17
Claire Su-Yeon Park, Saunjoo L Yoon, Soon-Nyung Yun, Eunok Park
This study aimed to develop and psychometrically test an instrument for measuring patient-perceived satisfaction with community-based case management services in Korea. The study was conducted in 4 phases: Phase I, development of the instrument; Phase II, pilot testing of the instrument; Phase III, a large-scale study to test reliability and validity; and Phase IV, conversion of the new instrument from Korean to English. The new instrument was determined to have six factors-advocacy of case manager, outcome of care, communication skills, practice of a healthy lifestyle, referral, and recognition of risk factors-and also shown to be reliable...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156146/suicide-risk-meaning-in-life-and-need-for-life-respect-in-adults-and-elderly-among-public-hospital-outpatients-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Kyung-Ah Kang, Shin-Jeong Kim, Hyon Kim Ellis
The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in suicide risk, meaning in life, and need for life respect among three age groups (young adults, the middle aged, and the elderly) of 540 public hospital outpatients in South Korea. This was a cross-sectional study. Among these 3 age groups, we observed significant differences in suicide risk, meaning in life, and need for life respect according to education level, marital status, living arrangements, type of disease, gender, and monthly income. These findings might contribute to the prevention of suicide in the future and the implementation of better community-based nursing care...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156145/falls-after-ophthalmological-surgery-experience-among-the-community-dwelling-elderly-in-japan
#19
Maki Eto, Shinji Miyauchi
Community-dwelling elderly are likely to fall even after ophthalmological surgery. To identify the association between falls and ophthalmological surgery and screening experiences among the community-dwelling elderly in Japan, a cross-sectional descriptive study examined 159 community-dwelling people aged ≥ 65 years about an extensive physical assessment, health status, experience of falls, and ophthalmic situations. In this city, the study identified an association between falls and both ophthalmological surgery experience and voluntary attendance at ophthalmic screening among the community-dwelling elderly...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156144/community-stakeholders-perceptions-of-the-role-of-family-in-hiv-prevention-in-iringa-tanzania
#20
Rosemary W Eustace, Josephine F Wilson, Gladys B Asiedu, Tumaini M Nyamhanga, William N Mkanta
Although HIV is identified as a family disease, the overall response to the global HIV epidemic continues to predominantly focus on individuals. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how the role of the family in HIV prevention is perceived by community-based stakeholders. Understanding the role of the family within the context of the HIV/AIDS is essential for community/public health nurses. In total, 34 stakeholders participated in the study. Three major categories were identified namely: fostering positive intra-familial relations, utilizing external resources, and barriers to family roles...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
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