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Journal of Community Health Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467209/use-of-sedative-hypnotic-drugs-among-older-adults
#1
Diana R Mager, Rose Iannino-Renz
The purpose of this study was to reduce numbers of concurrently ordered sedative-hypnotic drugs for older adults in long-term (N = 220) and home-care (N = 357) settings. All active records were reviewed and numbers of sedative-hypnotics per patient were documented. Upon record review completion, educational sessions focused on dangers posed by use of multiple sedative-hypnotics were presented to nurses. One month posteducation, researchers reviewed the same records to evaluate changes. Matched pair t-tests suggested significant decreases in sedative-hypnotic use in long term, but not in the home care setting...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467207/unhealthy-lifestyle-behaviors-in-korean-people-with-metabolic-syndrome
#2
Seongmi Moon
This study identified factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors in people with metabolic syndrome in South Korea. The sample consisted of 1,207 subjects with metabolic syndrome from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014. High-risk alcohol consumption, smoking, aerobic physical activity, leisure physical activity, excessive carbohydrate intake, and fat intake were measured. A secondary data analysis was performed using chi-square tests and logistic regression...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#3
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467205/depression-in-young-people-more-than-just-a-bad-day-a-concept-analysis
#4
Patricia G Wilson
AIM: Suicide from depression is the second leading cause of death in young people. To better understand depression, a concept analysis was conducted using the Lorraine Walker and Kay Avant method. SOURCE OF DATA: Three electronic databases searched using keywords such as depress*, stigma, and feeling depressed yielded 40 articles in English from 2006 through 2016. RESULTS: Primary attribute was depressed mood; stress was the primary antecedent found in young people...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467204/schools-as-sites-for-recruiting-participants-and-implementing-research
#5
Robin Bartlett, Tiffany Wright, Tia Olarinde, Tara Holmes, Emily R Beamon, Debra Wallace
Schools can be a valuable resource for recruitment of participants for research involving children, adolescents, and parents. Awareness of the benefits and challenges of working with schools can assist researchers in developing effective school partnerships. This article discusses the advantages of conducting research within the school system as well as the challenges that may also arise. Such challenges include developing key contacts, building relationships, logistical arrangements, and facilitating trust in the research topic and team...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287824/erratum
#6
Claire Su-Yeon Park, Saunjoo L Yoon, Soon-Nyung Yun, Eunok Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156147/korean-patient-perceived-satisfaction-scale-of-community-based-case-management-services-korean-psccm-development-and-psychometric-evaluation
#7
Claire Su-Yeon Park, Saunjoo L Yoon, Soon-Nyung Yun, Eunok Park
This study aimed to develop and psychometrically test an instrument for measuring patient-perceived satisfaction with community-based case management services in Korea. The study was conducted in 4 phases: Phase I, development of the instrument; Phase II, pilot testing of the instrument; Phase III, a large-scale study to test reliability and validity; and Phase IV, conversion of the new instrument from Korean to English. The new instrument was determined to have six factors-advocacy of case manager, outcome of care, communication skills, practice of a healthy lifestyle, referral, and recognition of risk factors-and also shown to be reliable...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156146/suicide-risk-meaning-in-life-and-need-for-life-respect-in-adults-and-elderly-among-public-hospital-outpatients-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Kyung-Ah Kang, Shin-Jeong Kim, Hyon Kim Ellis
The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in suicide risk, meaning in life, and need for life respect among three age groups (young adults, the middle aged, and the elderly) of 540 public hospital outpatients in South Korea. This was a cross-sectional study. Among these 3 age groups, we observed significant differences in suicide risk, meaning in life, and need for life respect according to education level, marital status, living arrangements, type of disease, gender, and monthly income. These findings might contribute to the prevention of suicide in the future and the implementation of better community-based nursing care...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156145/falls-after-ophthalmological-surgery-experience-among-the-community-dwelling-elderly-in-japan
#9
Maki Eto, Shinji Miyauchi
Community-dwelling elderly are likely to fall even after ophthalmological surgery. To identify the association between falls and ophthalmological surgery and screening experiences among the community-dwelling elderly in Japan, a cross-sectional descriptive study examined 159 community-dwelling people aged ≥ 65 years about an extensive physical assessment, health status, experience of falls, and ophthalmic situations. In this city, the study identified an association between falls and both ophthalmological surgery experience and voluntary attendance at ophthalmic screening among the community-dwelling elderly...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156144/community-stakeholders-perceptions-of-the-role-of-family-in-hiv-prevention-in-iringa-tanzania
#10
Rosemary W Eustace, Josephine F Wilson, Gladys B Asiedu, Tumaini M Nyamhanga, William N Mkanta
Although HIV is identified as a family disease, the overall response to the global HIV epidemic continues to predominantly focus on individuals. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how the role of the family in HIV prevention is perceived by community-based stakeholders. Understanding the role of the family within the context of the HIV/AIDS is essential for community/public health nurses. In total, 34 stakeholders participated in the study. Three major categories were identified namely: fostering positive intra-familial relations, utilizing external resources, and barriers to family roles...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156143/self-management-support-needs-of-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-south-african-township-a-qualitative-study
#11
Loveness Dube, Kirstie Rendall-Mkosi, Stephan Van den Broucke, Anne-Marie Bergh, Nokuthula G Mafutha
Despite the need for chronic disease self-management strategies in developing countries, few studies have aimed to contextually adapt programs; yet culture has a direct impact on the way people view themselves and their environment. This study aimed to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and self-management needs and practices of patients with chronic diseases. Four patient focus groups (n = 32), 2 patient interviews, group observations, and key informant interviews (n = 12) were conducted. Five themes emerged: health-system and service-provision challenges, healthcare provider attitudes and behavior, adherence challenges related to medication and lifestyle changes, patients' personal and clinic experiences and self-management tool preferences...
January 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749093/readability-and-suitability-of-spanish-language-hypertension-and-diabetes-patient-education-materials
#12
Carol J Howe, Donelle M Barnes, Griselle B Estrada, Ignacio Godinez
Hispanics who speak Spanish are at risk for low health literacy. We evaluated Spanish language hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patient education materials from U.S. federal agency public sector sources using the Suitability of Assessment (SAM) instrument. Mean readability for HTN materials was grade 7.9 and for DM materials was grade 6.6. Mean SAM score for HTN materials was 43.9 and for DM materials was 63.2. SAM scores were significantly better for DM than for HTN materials in overall score, content, graphics, layout, stimulation/motivation, and cultural appropriateness (p < ...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749091/participants-perceptions-of-worksite-health-promotion-educational-activities
#13
Cathy H Abell, Maria Eve Main
Adults spend a significant amount of time at work making the worksite a convenient venue for participation in health-promotion activities. This research project examined participants' perceptions of gaining knowledge and changing health behavior practices as a result of knowledge gained through participation in health-promotion activities provided at the worksite. The worksite health-promotion activities were offered as a result of an innovative collaboration effort between nursing faculty in an academic setting and a community partner in the private sector...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749090/fall-risk-and-its-associated-factors-among-older-adults-without-home-help-services-in-a-swedish-municipality
#14
Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Peter Hagell, Albert Westergren
During preventive home visits, the purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of fall risk and any associated factors. Participants (n = 1471) were cognitively sound community-dwelling older adults (≥ 70 years) without home-help service, living in a Swedish municipality. The Downton Fall Risk Index and nine single items were used. Tiredness/fatigue, age ≥ 80, inability to walk 1 hr, inability to climb stairs and worrying were significantly associated with fall risk. Preventive home visits incorporating fall-risk screening proved valuable, providing information for interventions aimed at preventing falls, maintaining independence, and facilitating health among community dwelling participants...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749089/bio-energy-during-finals-stress-reduction-for-a-university-community
#15
Alice Running, Laura Hildreth
To re-examine the effectiveness of a bio-energy intervention on self-reported stress for a convenience sample of university students during dead week, a quasi-experimental, single-group pretest-posttest design was used. Thirty-three students participated, serving as their own controls. After participants had consented, a 15-min Healing Touch intervention followed enrollment. Self-reported stress was significantly reduced after the bio-energy (Healing Touch) intervention. Bio-energy therapy has shown to be beneficial in reducing stress for students during dead week, the week before final examinations...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749088/factors-related-to-evacuation-intentions-of-power-dependent-home-care-patients-in-japan
#16
Hisao Nakai, Keiko Tsukasaki, Kaoru Kyota, Tomoya Itatani, Reiko Nihonyanagi, Yasuko Shinmei, Shizuka Yasuoka
This study investigated factors affecting disaster preparedness and evacuation intentions among home-care patients dependent on electrical power for life support. Health professionals interviewed 53 home-care patients using the Kanazawa and Kochi Disaster Preparedness Checklist. About half of the participants requiring continuous artificial ventilation or aspiration indicated that they would not or could not evacuate following a disaster-even though their lives could be at risk. The availability of emergency medical equipment for use during a power outage was positively associated with the desire to evacuate...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383779/effects-of-a-south-korean-community-based-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-program-for-low-income-elderly-with-hypertension
#17
Soon-Ok Yang, Shin-Jeong Kim, Seung-Hee Lee
This study identified the effects of a community-based cardiovascular disease prevention program (CVD-PP) on health behavior and modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in low-income Korean elderly with hypertension. Eighty-eight individuals completed the 3-month self-efficacy-enhancing interventions in which the control group received standard care. In the intervention group, there were statistically significant improvements in self-efficacy (t = 2.519, p = 0.016) and health behavior (t = 3.453, p = 0...
July 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383778/nap-sacc-implementation-of-an-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-an-american-indian-head-start-program
#18
Julie A Mattingly, Pamela A Andresen
Low-income American Indian preschoolers are at greatest risk for overweight and obesity among children aged 2-5 years. The Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) program is an evidence-based intervention that promotes healthy weight development for children enrolled in child care centers. The goal of this continuous quality improvement program is for the child care staff to establish environmental policies and practices that positively influence nutrition and physical activity-related behaviors...
July 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383777/enhancing-student-nurse-learning-through-participation-in-a-community-based-educational-program-for-children-and-families
#19
Maria Krol, Cheryl Resha, Mary Ann Glendon
Health disparities, especially among minorities, persist; obesity is a national concern; and the combined effect can be significant for families and populations. In an effort to address obesity at an early age, the National Association of Hispanic Nurses (NAHN), developed the Muevete USA™ project. Muevete USA™ (from the Spanish verb for "to move") features five lesson plans on healthy lifestyles for children and their families. This article describes Muevete USA™, the partnership with a local school of nursing, the implementation of the program at the local level and the emerging program and student outcomes of a successful partnership...
July 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383776/nursing-student-birth-doulas-influence-on-the-childbearing-outcomes-of-vulnerable-populations
#20
Shirley E Van Zandt, Soohyun Kim, Amanda Erickson
Of 1,511 women served by nursing student birth doulas (Birth Companions) between 1998 and 2014, 34.5% were identified as vulnerable (refugees, non-English speakers, teens, low income, low education). This retrospective evaluation of the Birth Companions Program showed that vulnerable mothers had more epidurals and smaller babies, and attempted breastfeeding less frequently than nonvulnerable. There was no difference in the frequency of caesarean births, pitocin induction/augmentation, low birth weight, or preterm newborns among the vulnerable women...
July 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
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