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Community Dental Health

M Chari, W Sabbah
OBJECTIVE: to explore whether consumption of fruits attenuates the relationship between tooth loss and obesity among adult Americans. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2012, a cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: 20,103 adults aged 18 and over who participated in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2012, a nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized adult American. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Obesity (Body Mass Index ≥ 30 kg/m²)...
April 26, 2018: Community Dental Health
J Anttila, M Tolvanen, R Kankaanpää, S Lahti
OBJECTIVE: An adapted framework for oral health inequalities suggests that structural determinants cause oral health inequalities through socio-economic position (SEP) and intermediary determinants. We applied this framework to examine whether there is a social gradient in the intermediary determinants at the school level, even when adjusted for school size, geographical location and teaching language. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: This study combined data from two independent studies focusing on Finnish upper comprehensive schools (N=970): the School Health Promotion study (SHPS) and the School Sweet Selling survey (SSSS)...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
K Saujanya, L Marja-Liisa, H Manoj, P Jari, A Vuokko
The need for culturally validated measures of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) has been increasing in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To adapt the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (C-OIDP) index into the Nepali language and to validate it, to assess and compare the outcomes of self-reported oral problems, and to validate a structured questionnaire on general hygiene practices, oral hygiene practices, dietary habits, and use of tobacco. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: A school-based cross-sectional study on pilot and national samples...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
L Hanindriyo, A Yoshihara, T Takiguchi, H Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of major depressive disorder in the elderly ranges from 0.2 to 14.1/100 person-years, and the incidence of clinically relevant depressive symptoms is 6.8/100 person-years. This study aimed to assess the longitudinal relationship between chronic intra oral pain and depressive symptom in Japanese elderly. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: 3-year cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 212 community-dwelling seniors (129 men, 83 women) aged 77 years residing in the city of Niigata, Japan in 2005...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
A G Rebouças, A M Cavalli, L Zanin, G M B Ambrosano, F M Flório
OBJECTIVE: To identify the sociodemographic, clinical and self-reported indicators of oral health associated with Brazilian adolescents' satisfaction with oral health. METHODS: Secondary data were used following the examination of 4,231 adolescents, aged 15 to 19 years, participating in a national oral health survey (SBBrasil 2010). The independent variables were grouped into demographics, predisposition/facilitation, oral health conditions and perceived dental treatment need...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
T L Finlayson, P Asgari, E Dougherty, B K Tadese, N Stamm, A Nunez-Alvarez
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between child, caregiver, and family-level factors and child dental utilization. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional oral health survey. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers and one study child (ages 0-17) from Mexican migrant families in northern San Diego county, CA (n=142). METHODS: Caregivers reported on child's dental care utilization history and related factors, including: child (age, gender, dental insurance, source of care, believed to have cavities), caregiver (marital status, income, education, acculturation level, depressive symptoms), and family cohesion...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
A Gupta, D Keuskamp
BACKGROUND: Despite the known benefits of a mixed methods approach in health research, little is known of its use in the field of population oral health. OBJECTIVE: To map the extent of literature using a mixed methods approach to examine population oral health outcomes. METHODS: For a comprehensive search of all the available literature published in the English language, databases including PubMed, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source (DOSS), CINAHL, Web of Science and EMBASE (including Medline) were searched using a range of keywords from inception to October 2017...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
J Burgess-Allen, M Braithwaite, S Whiston
Public health competencies being illustrated; Planning, delivery and evaluation of health improvement programmes, addressing health inequalities, awareness of cultural impacts on health and wellbeing. Smile4Life, a schools-based, evidence informed oral health promotion programme, was designed to address high levels of oral health need and inequality within a UK City. The aims of the pilot described were to test the feasibility of delivering the programme (supervised tooth-brushing, take home kits, educational resources and application of fluoride varnish) in six culturally diverse schools in disadvantaged neighbourhoods, and evaluate its impact on caries prevalence...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
L Abuhaloob, S Carson, D Richards, R Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the scope and quality of evidence on the effectiveness of community-based nutrition interventions to promote oral health and restore healthy body weight in school-aged refugee children. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Scoping review using a systematic approach. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Oral health and body weight. RESULTS: Four primary studies, two evaluation studies and one systematic review met the inclusion criteria...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
N B Pitts, N L Carter, G Tsakos
Following debate and discussion prompted by a focussed, day long pre-ORCA Symposium in July 2015, the Alliance for a Cavity-Free Future Pan-European Chapter, the Platform for Better Oral Health in Europe, and the European Association of Dental Public Health have agreed this statement on the future needs for caries epidemiology and surveillance in Europe. Each organisation agreed to support the planned publication of the Statement, and will make it available on their Organisation's websites and strive to implement its recommendations...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
C Veschusio, M K Jones, J Mercer, A B Martin
This paper describes the Community Water Fluoridation Advocacy Training Project that was designed to develop networks of community water fluoridation advocates in rural communities. The South Carolina (SC) Department of Health and Environmental Control Division of Oral Health staff and the SC Dental Association were responsible for developing and facilitating the training sessions for key policy influencers, which included medical and dental providers, early childhood educators, and water system operators and managers...
May 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
I F Walker, S Eapen-Simon, S Gibson
Oral health is a key public health issue across England. In Wakefield in the north of England, local data suggested the oral health of local children was significantly worse than the national average. This paper describes the work undertaken by Wakefield Council to strategically address this issue. A structured process was adopted. Key lessons include; having senior ownership from the Director of Public Health, partnership working across all key stakeholders, utilising dental public health expertise from Public Health England and the use of extensive engagement with stakeholders...
April 18, 2018: Community Dental Health
H Raison, R Corcoran, R V Harris
OBJECTIVE: Since behaviour is underpinned by both cognitive and automatic processes, psychological interventions aiming to instigate or modify habitual behaviour (cue-automaticity interventions) offer an alternative to the more commonly used (mainly educational) strategies to increase preventive healthcare use. Theory suggests that low socio-economic (SES) groups are especially likely to benefit. Cue-automaticity describes how repetition of behaviour, initiated by a particular 'cue', in a constant context, leads to the automatic instigation and/or execution of behaviour...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
A Plessas, M B Delgado, M Nasser, Y Hanoch, D R Moles
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry is recognised as a stressful profession and dentists perceive their profession to be more stressful than other healthcare professions. While earlier studies have shown a link between stress and well-being among dentists, whether stress negatively impacts their clinical performance is an important and open question. We do know, however, that stress is associated with reduced performance in other health (and non-health) related professions. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to answer the question: how does stress impact on dentists' clinical performance? METHODS: This systematic review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016045756)...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
M Paisi, E Kay, I Kaimi, R Witton, R Nelder, C Christophi, D Lapthorne
OBJECTIVE: To examine the spatial clustering of obesity and dental caries in young children in Plymouth, United Kingdom, to evaluate the association between these conditions and deprivation, and explore the impact of neighbourhood-level characteristics on their distribution. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing data from the National Child Measurement Programme (N=2427) and the Local Dental Health Survey (N=1425). The association of deprivation with weight status and caries was determined at individual and area level, using ANOVA and Poisson models...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
D J Worsley, K Jones, J C Harris, J Charlesworth, Z Marshman
A description of the process of a review of oral health improvement in special schools in Sheffield and the implementation of an action plan for these activities. Public health competencies encompassed: assessing the evidence on oral health and dental interventions, programmes and services; strategic leadership and collaborative working for health; oral health improvement.
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
N J Wang, P E Petersen, E G Sveinsdóttir, I B Arnadóttir, C Källestål
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to explore intervals between regular dental examination and the time dentists spent for examination and preventive dental care of children in 1996 and 2014. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: In Denmark, Norway and Sweden, random samples of dentists working with children were included, while in Iceland all dentists were mailed questionnaires. Complete information was provided by 1082 of 1834 dentists (64%) in 1996 and 1366 of 2334 dentists (59%) in 2014...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
E Kay, L Owen, M Taylor, L Claxton, L Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations are important tools for decision makers to determine the best allocation of resources in a healthcare system. This study explored the use of economic evaluation in oral health promotion. METHODS: A literature review identified oral health promotion programmes that measured both the health impact and costs of oral health interventions. A decision analysis model was constructed to examine the cost utility of preventing dental caries in 5 and 12-year-old children via tooth brushing schemes and fluoride varnish programmes...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
A C Mafla, F H Villalobos-Galvis, M W Heft
OBJECTIVE: To assess individuals' perception of dental caries, in order to explain how illness representations might influence their coping with the disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS: 520 consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) of the General Dentistry Clinic at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto, Colombia who had experienced dental caries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Illness perception of dental caries was assessed using the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R)...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
S Başaran, C Celik
OBJECTIVE: The Dentine Hypersensitivity Experience Questionnaire (DHEQ) is a valid and reliable instrument for oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) studies. This study aimed to assess the Turkish version of the DHEQ and determine the effects of degree of DH, sex, and age on OHRQoL. MATERIALS: The study participants were 251 DH patients (age 18-78 years; 68.5% female) who completed the Turkish version of the DHEQ. The reliability of the instrument was assessed in terms of internal consistency, using item-total correlations and Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) among 51 patients who repeated the DHEQ following a 2-week interval...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
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