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Community Dental Health

M Chari, W Sabbah
OBJECTIVE: to explore whether consumption of fruits attenuates the relationship between tooth loss and obesity among adult Americans. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2012, a cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: 20,103 adults aged 18 and over who participated in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2012, a nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized adult American. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Obesity (Body Mass Index ≥ 30 kg/m²)...
April 26, 2018: Community Dental Health
K Saujanya, L Marja-Liisa, H Manoj, P Jari, A Vuokko
The need for culturally validated measures of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) has been increasing in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To adapt the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (C-OIDP) index into the Nepali language and to validate it, to assess and compare the outcomes of self-reported oral problems, and to validate a structured questionnaire on general hygiene practices, oral hygiene practices, dietary habits, and use of tobacco. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: A school-based cross-sectional study on pilot and national samples...
April 26, 2018: Community Dental Health
I F Walker, S Eapen-Simon, S Gibson
Oral health is a key public health issue across England. In Wakefield in the north of England, local data suggested the oral health of local children was significantly worse than the national average. This paper describes the work undertaken by Wakefield Council to strategically address this issue. A structured process was adopted. Key lessons include; having senior ownership from the Director of Public Health, partnership working across all key stakeholders, utilising dental public health expertise from Public Health England and the use of extensive engagement with stakeholders...
April 18, 2018: Community Dental Health
L Hanindriyo, A Yoshihara, T Takiguchi, H Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of major depressive disorder in the elderly ranges from 0.2 to 14.1/100 person-years, and the incidence of clinically relevant depressive symptoms is 6.8/100 person-years. This study aimed to assess the longitudinal relationship between chronic intra oral pain and depressive symptom in Japanese elderly. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: 3-year cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 212 community-dwelling seniors (129 men, 83 women) aged 77 years residing in the city of Niigata, Japan in 2005...
April 17, 2018: Community Dental Health
A G Rebouças, A M Cavalli, L Zanin, G M B Ambrosano, F M Flório
OBJECTIVE: To identify the sociodemographic, clinical and self-reported indicators of oral health associated with Brazilian adolescents' satisfaction with oral health. METHODS: Secondary data were used following the examination of 4,231 adolescents, aged 15 to 19 years, participating in a national oral health survey (SBBrasil 2010). The independent variables were grouped into demographics, predisposition/facilitation, oral health conditions and perceived dental treatment need...
April 12, 2018: Community Dental Health
T L Finlayson, P Asgari, E Dougherty, B K Tadese, N Stamm, A Nunez-Alvarez
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between child, caregiver, and family-level factors and child dental utilization. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional oral health survey. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers and one study child (ages 0-17) from Mexican migrant families in northern San Diego county, CA (n=142). METHODS: Caregivers reported on child's dental care utilization history and related factors, including: child (age, gender, dental insurance, source of care, believed to have cavities), caregiver (marital status, income, education, acculturation level, depressive symptoms), and family cohesion...
April 12, 2018: Community Dental Health
A Gupta, D Keuskamp
BACKGROUND: Despite the known benefits of a mixed methods approach in health research, little is known of its use in the field of population oral health. OBJECTIVE: To map the extent of literature using a mixed methods approach to examine population oral health outcomes. METHODS: For a comprehensive search of all the available literature published in the English language, databases including PubMed, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source (DOSS), CINAHL, Web of Science and EMBASE (including Medline) were searched using a range of keywords from inception to October 2017...
April 10, 2018: Community Dental Health
J Burgess-Allen, M Braithwaite, S Whiston
Public health competencies being illustrated; Planning, delivery and evaluation of health improvement programmes, addressing health inequalities, awareness of cultural impacts on health and wellbeing. Smile4Life, a schools-based, evidence informed oral health promotion programme, was designed to address high levels of oral health need and inequality within a UK City. The aims of the pilot described were to test the feasibility of delivering the programme (supervised tooth-brushing, take home kits, educational resources and application of fluoride varnish) in six culturally diverse schools in disadvantaged neighbourhoods, and evaluate its impact on caries prevalence...
March 20, 2018: Community Dental Health
H Raison, R Corcoran, R V Harris
OBJECTIVE: Since behaviour is underpinned by both cognitive and automatic processes, psychological interventions aiming to instigate or modify habitual behaviour (cue-automaticity interventions) offer an alternative to the more commonly used (mainly educational) strategies to increase preventive healthcare use. Theory suggests that low socio-economic (SES) groups are especially likely to benefit. Cue-automaticity describes how repetition of behaviour, initiated by a particular 'cue', in a constant context, leads to the automatic instigation and/or execution of behaviour...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
A Plessas, M B Delgado, M Nasser, Y Hanoch, D R Moles
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry is recognised as a stressful profession and dentists perceive their profession to be more stressful than other healthcare professions. While earlier studies have shown a link between stress and well-being among dentists, whether stress negatively impacts their clinical performance is an important and open question. We do know, however, that stress is associated with reduced performance in other health (and non-health) related professions. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to answer the question: how does stress impact on dentists' clinical performance? METHODS: This systematic review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016045756)...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
M Paisi, E Kay, I Kaimi, R Witton, R Nelder, C Christophi, D Lapthorne
OBJECTIVE: To examine the spatial clustering of obesity and dental caries in young children in Plymouth, United Kingdom, to evaluate the association between these conditions and deprivation, and explore the impact of neighbourhood-level characteristics on their distribution. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing data from the National Child Measurement Programme (N=2427) and the Local Dental Health Survey (N=1425). The association of deprivation with weight status and caries was determined at individual and area level, using ANOVA and Poisson models...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
D J Worsley, K Jones, J C Harris, J Charlesworth, Z Marshman
A description of the process of a review of oral health improvement in special schools in Sheffield and the implementation of an action plan for these activities. Public health competencies encompassed: assessing the evidence on oral health and dental interventions, programmes and services; strategic leadership and collaborative working for health; oral health improvement.
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
E Kay, L Owen, M Taylor, L Claxton, L Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations are important tools for decision makers to determine the best allocation of resources in a healthcare system. This study explored the use of economic evaluation in oral health promotion. METHODS: A literature review identified oral health promotion programmes that measured both the health impact and costs of oral health interventions. A decision analysis model was constructed to examine the cost utility of preventing dental caries in 5 and 12-year-old children via tooth brushing schemes and fluoride varnish programmes...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
A C Mafla, F H Villalobos-Galvis, M W Heft
OBJECTIVE: To assess individuals' perception of dental caries, in order to explain how illness representations might influence their coping with the disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS: 520 consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) of the General Dentistry Clinic at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto, Colombia who had experienced dental caries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Illness perception of dental caries was assessed using the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R)...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
S H Hwang, S G Park
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether depression is associated with periodontal diseases in a representative sample of South Korean adults Methods: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI), conducted in 2014. We included in this study 4328 participants aged over 20 years (1768 males and 2560 females). Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and history of physician-diagnosed depression...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
L Abuhaloob, S Carson, D Richards, R Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the scope and quality of evidence on the effectiveness of community-based nutrition interventions to promote oral health and restore healthy body weight in school-aged refugee children. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Scoping review using a systematic approach. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Oral health and body weight. RESULTS: Four primary studies, two evaluation studies and one systematic review met the inclusion criteria...
January 25, 2018: Community Dental Health
Peter G Robinson
Rhetoric tells us there are three approaches to persuasive argument; logos, ethos and pathos (Bernanke, 2010). Logos is the appeal to logic by use of facts, data and analogies. Ethos is ethical appeal, focusing on the author's credibility or character with allied use of audience appropriate language and grammar. Pathos relates to emotional appeal by invoking sympathy, fear and anger.
January 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
B Christian, E Amezdroz, H Calache, M Gussy, R Sore, E Waters
AIM: to compare two methods of in vitro examiner calibration in populations and settings where clinical (in vivo) calibration is not practical. METHODS: Study design was cross-sectional and fully-crossed. The units of analysis were 880 tooth surfaces, from ten children ages 3 to 4 years. The study had three data components: (1) Examiner training and calibration using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) e-Learning programme (2) In vivo community-based visual examination and (3) Intra-oral digital photographs of the same tooth surfaces from the in vivo visual examination...
December 1, 2017: Community Dental Health
P Andersson, S Renvert, P Sjogren, M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. DESIGN: Case note review. CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years). METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices...
December 1, 2017: Community Dental Health
P Da Rosa, Marie-Claude Rousseau, A Edasseri, M Henderson, B Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) is inversely associated with most oral health outcomes, but the patterns of association may vary depending on the specific outcome. We estimated associations between SEP and two oral health outcomes, dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI), in Quebec children. METHODS: We used data from the baseline visit of the QUALITY (QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) Cohort, an ongoing study in Montreal and Quebec, Canada...
December 1, 2017: Community Dental Health
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