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Community Dental Health

M A Brondani, A R Siqueira
INTRODUCTION: The lack of proper denture hygiene may cause denture stomatitis and be detrimental to older adults' health. The cleaning of complete dentures should be quick, efficient, and easy to perform, although it might not guarantee disinfection. The use of a microwave oven has been suggested for aiding in the disinfection of complete dentures, but lacks a gold standard protocol. OBJECTIVES: To critically review the literature on protocols for complete denture disinfection using conventional microwave ovens...
October 16, 2018: Community Dental Health
P F Day, E Petherick, J Godson, J Owen, G Douglas
Birth cohort initiatives, such as 'Born in Bradford', provide a unique opportunity to study the influence of socio-economic and environmental factors acting in pregnancy, birth and infancy on the development of dental caries in later life. This paper describes a feasibility study which established the processes required, and outcomes of, successful linkage of oral health data collected by the 2013 three-year-old national dental epidemiology survey with the Born in Bradford birth cohort database. The necessary processes included achieving research permissions and ethical approval; creation of a data sharing agreement; ensuring data security and encrypted data transfer...
October 16, 2018: Community Dental Health
A R Geddis-Regan, R C O'Connor
Domiciliary dental care provides care to patients who are unable to attend dental clinics for a variety of reasons. OBJECTIVE: This research analyses NHS payment claim data for domiciliary dental care in England to identify any variations by area and determine whether age or deprivation are associated with levels of domiciliary care provided. METHODS: Publicly available data from the NHS Business Services Authority and demographic data from additional public datasets were linked to assess the variation in claims made for NHS domiciliary activity across England...
October 16, 2018: Community Dental Health
J Ahern, D McGeown, J Nunn
BACKGROUND: In order to address the burden of oral disease, the dental profession needs to engage in collaborative practice with medical professionals. The aim of this study was to explore dentists' views on incorporating oral health collaborative practice into primary medical care in Ireland. SETTING: Dublin Dental University Hospital, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Dentists with backgrounds in oral surgery, oral medicine, paediatric dentistry, special care dentistry, prosthodontics, primary care dentistry, hospital dentistry and public dental health...
October 4, 2018: Community Dental Health
S Suzuki, T Ukiya, Y Kawauchi, H Ishii, N Sugihara
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to elucidate the interactive relationship between factors associated with dental caries in school children using decision tree analysis. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional study Methods: Participants were recruited from public primary schools (9-12 years, 4th to 6th grade) and junior high schools (12-13 years, 1st grade) in Japan. A total of 1775 students (928 boys and 847 girls) were analyzed. Questionnaire survey, oral examination, and saliva test were performed...
October 4, 2018: Community Dental Health
R Patel, R Witton, R Potterton, W Smith, I Kaimi
This paper aims to provide a snapshot analysis of the oral health status of vulnerable adults in Plymouth; and to demonstrate the extent to which oral disease impacts on their normal functioning through the implementation of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP). It is acknowledged that gaining a representative sample of a transient population such as people who are homeless, or individuals affected by problematic use of drugs and/or alcohol is difficult. An opportunity was identified to collect data within the Community Engagement Team's (CET) programme of activity within the Peninsula Dental Social Enterprise...
September 20, 2018: Community Dental Health
R Lala, K Jones
The Health and Social Care Act 2012 created a new commissioning framework for the provision of health, social care and public health in England (UK Government, 2012). NHS England became the sole commissioner for all NHS dental services, including primary, secondary and unscheduled dental care. Local authorities became responsible for public health, epidemiological surveys, improving the oral health of their communities and for commissioning oral health improvement services including water fluoridation (NHS Bodies and Local Authorities (Partnership Arrangements, Care Trusts, Public Health and Local Healthwatch) Regulations (SI 2012/3094))...
September 13, 2018: Community Dental Health
B Wijewardena, N Ranasinghe, E Kruger, M Tennant
AIM: To investigate the distribution of dental health specialist locations staffed by Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgeons (OMF), Restorative dentists, and Orthodontists in Sri Lanka in relation to population distribution and socio-economic status. METHODS: Specialist dental locations were mapped using GIS (Geographic Information System) and overlayed with census population data and socio-economic quintiles. RESULTS: Overall, there was an uneven geographic distribution of the total 55 specialist dental locations and 74 attributed specialist work force within the country...
September 11, 2018: Community Dental Health
M J Cabudol, P Asgari, N Stamm, T L Finlayson
OBJECTIVE: To illuminate Mexican migrant adolescents' dental access and utilization experiences. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative focus groups were conducted in English between July 2015 and March 2016 as part of a community-based participatory research project. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents (n=61) aged 12-19 years, from Mexican migrant worker families, who sought healthcare services at a federally-qualified migrant health clinic in San Diego County, California...
September 10, 2018: Community Dental Health
S Weston-Price, V Copley, H Smith, G M Davies
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of factors posited to affect population caries levels across England. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Multivariable regression analysis assessing four potential determinants of caries severity and prevalence: deprivation, exposure to fluoridated water, ethnicity and geographic region Participants: Random sample of 121,875 five-year-old children in England in the 2014/15 academic year. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Decayed, missing and filled teeth, with decay measured at the dentinal level, (d₃mft), presented as prevalence (dmft⟩0) and extent of decay among children who have any (d₃mft if d₃mft>0)...
September 6, 2018: Community Dental Health
A L Cope, K G Butt, I G Chestnutt
OBJECTIVE: to systematically appraise and synthesise the existing evidence regarding the reasons why patients in the UK may consult a general medical practitioner (GMP) when experiencing a dental problem. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: a systematic review of the scientific and grey literature published between 1996 and 2017. PARTICIPANTS: dental service users (adults or children) from the UK and/or their carers who were seeking, or had sought, care for a dental problem from a GMP...
September 6, 2018: Community Dental Health
P G Robinson
I walked to work on 24th June 2016, reeling from the news that the UK referendum had shown a small but decisive majority in favour of leaving the European Union. I only knew of one person who had voted for Brexit! I had seen a few Leave posters up whilst out cycling and the opinion polls showed only a small difference, but none the less, I was hugely surprised. A neighbour reassured me that a deal would be struck so that we would fi nd a nice arrangement amounting to a modest change, but the last two years have shown the value of his insights...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
Z Enshaei, A Feizi, Z Saied-Moallemi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the level of oral health behaviours (OHB) and oral health-related dietary behaviours (OHD-B) and to find out their relationship and their determinants among a relatively large sample of university students. Research design and participants: In a cross-sectional study, 535 Iranian university students were selected in order to investigate their OHB and OHD-B through a self-administrated questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Tooth brushing, flossing, use of fluoride toothpaste, and sugary snacking collected data on OHB...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
M Lambert, G De Reu, L De Visschere, D Declerck, P Bottenberg, J Vanobbergen
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the caries experience of the Belgian population in relation to social indicators. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Data collection (2009-2010) consisted of an oral health questionnaire and examination during a home visit. PARTICIPANTS: Representative sample of the Belgian population (⟩5 years old). Only the economically active population was included for final analyses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ANOVA and multivariable regression analyses were used to reveal associations between social indicators, oral hygiene, untreated decay, DMFT and edentulousness...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
X Ju, D S Brennan, E Parker, S Chrisopoulos, L Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychometric properties of both the long- and short-form versions of the Health Literacy in Dentistry (HeLD) instrument in a large sample of the Australian adult population. METHODS: Data were from a subset of the National Dental Telephone Interview Survey 2013. Both the long (HeLD-29) and short-form (HeLD-14) were utilised, each of which comprises items from 7 conceptual domains: access, understanding, support, utilization, economic barriers, receptivity and communication...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
L Vorster, S Naidoo, N Stauf, C Holmgren, H Benzian
A high dental caries burden coupled with a lack of water or salt fluoridation make it imperative that toothpastes available to the South African consumer demonstrate adequate potential for caries control and contain between 1000ppm and 1500ppm total fluoride (TF), with at least 1000ppm F in free available/soluble form. METHODS: The objective was to determine TF, total soluble fluoride (TSF) and insoluble fluoride (IF) concentrations in 22 fluoride toothpastes commercially available in South Africa...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
G Qadri, M Alkilzy, M Franze, W Hoffmann, C Splieth
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of one and half years of an oral health promotion program in primary schools. DESIGN: A cluster-randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: 740 students aged 9-12 years (48% female) recruited from the fifth grade of 18 different primary schools in West Pomerania, Germany. METHODS: General and oral health education was provided to the teachers in the intervention schools, which they conveyed to their students...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
R C Wiener, C Shen, P A Findley, N Dwibedi, U Sambamoorthi
BACKGROUND: Depression has been linked to poor oral health among patients seeking dental care. However, systematic research on the relationship between depressive symptoms and oral health is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of depressive symptoms with untreated dental caries among adults aged 21-64 years. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis. SETTING: The data were extracted national data collected in the United States (2013-2014 National Health Nutrition and Examination Survey)...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
K K Nyamuryekung'e, S M Lahti, R J Tuominen
OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare patients' willingness-to-pay (WTP) for tooth extraction and filling services in Tanzania and to assess the socio-demographic factors that are associated with such valuations. METHODS: Contingent valuation survey utilizing an open-ended willingness-to-pay format was administered among 1522 outpatients in four regional hospitals in Tanzania. WTP for extraction and tooth filling services for various tooth categories were determined and compared using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
B Ahmad, D Landes, S Moffatt
This paper presents a case study on the use of mixed methods in research into practice to inform policy. The study was undertaken as part of a review of oral healthcare for older people in residential and nursing care homes in County Durham, North East England. The findings highlighted challenges in the provision of good quality oral healthcare to older people in residential and nursing care homes and informed the county's oral health strategy (Durham County Council DCC, 2016). Key recommendations include the need to develop and implement a minimum set of best practice oral health standards within care home contracts and train care home staff in oral healthcare...
August 30, 2018: Community Dental Health
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