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Community Dental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182217/the-effect-of-surface-preparation-of-acrylic-teeth
#1
M Pispili, A Pissiotis, K Michalakis
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the chemical bond between acrylic teeth and heat polymerized PMMA can be altered by chemical and/or mechanical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty acrylic teeth were divided in groups of 10. Their ridge lap surface underwent mechanical and/or chemical treatments: 1) no treatment, 2) air-abrasion with Al₂O₃ particles, 3) acid etching with phosphoric acid, 4) application of composite resin bonding agent, 5) application of MMA and ethylmethylketone bonding agent, 6) PMMA monomer application...
November 21, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182214/an-investigation-into-the-trueness-and-precision-of-copy-denture-templates-produced-by-rapid-prototyping-and-conventional-means
#2
K Davda, C Osnes, S Dillon, J Wu, P Hyde, A Keeling
OBJECTIVE: To assess the trueness and precision of copy denture templates produced using traditional methods and 3D printing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six copies of a denture were made using: 1. Conventional technique with silicone putty in an impression tray (CT). 2. Conventional technique with no impression tray (CNT). 3. 3D scanning and printing (3D). Scan trueness and precision was investigated by scanning a denture six times and comparing five scans to the sixth...
November 16, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182213/the-effect-of-core-and-veneering-design-on-the-optical-properties-of-polyether-ether-ketone
#3
S Zeighami, S Mirmohammadrezaei, M Safi, S M Falahchai
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of core shade and core and veneering thickness on color parameters and translucency of polyether ether ketone (PEEK). Sixty PEEK discs (0.5 and 1 mm in thickness) with white and dentine shades were veneered with A2 shade indirect composite resin with 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mm thickness (n=5). Cores without the veneering material served as controls for translucency evaluation. Color parameters were measured by a spectroradiometer. Color difference (ΔE₀₀) and translucency parameters (TP) were computed...
November 16, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182212/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-universal-bonding-agent-at-three-years-self-etch-vs-total-etch
#4
F J T Burke, S Mirmohammadrezaei, M Safi, S M Falahchai
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of core shade and core and veneering thickness on color parameters and translucency of polyether ether ketone (PEEK). Sixty PEEK discs (0.5 and 1 mm in thickness) with white and dentine shades were veneered with A2 shade indirect composite resin with 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mm thickness (n=5). Cores without the veneering material served as controls for translucency evaluation. Color parameters were measured by a spectroradiometer. Color difference (ΔE₀₀) and translucency parameters (TP) were computed...
November 16, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136362/examiner-calibration-in-caries-detection-for-populations-and-settings-where-in-vivo-calibration-is-not-practical
#5
B Christian, E Amezdroz, H Calache, M Gussy, R Sore, E Waters
AIM: to compare two methods of in vitro examiner calibration in populations and settings where clinical (in vivo) calibration is not practical. METHODS: Study design was cross-sectional and fully-crossed. The units of analysis were 880 tooth surfaces, from ten children ages 3 to 4 years. The study had three data components: (1) Examiner training and calibration using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) e-Learning programme (2) In vivo community-based visual examination and (3) Intra-oral digital photographs of the same tooth surfaces from the in vivo visual examination...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136361/dental-status-in-nursing-home-residents-with-domiciliary-dental-care-in-sweden
#6
P Andersson, S Renvert, P Sjogren, M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. DESIGN: Case note review. CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years). METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136360/investigating-socioeconomic-position-in-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injury-among-children-in-quebec
#7
P Da Rosa, Marie-Claude Rousseau, A Edasseri, M Henderson, B Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) is inversely associated with most oral health outcomes, but the patterns of association may vary depending on the specific outcome. We estimated associations between SEP and two oral health outcomes, dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI), in Quebec children. METHODS: We used data from the baseline visit of the QUALITY (QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) Cohort, an ongoing study in Montreal and Quebec, Canada...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119741/supervised-toothbrushing-programs-in-primary-schools-and-early-childhood-settings-a-scoping-review
#8
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112342/factors-supporting-dentist-leaders-retention-in-leadership
#9
T Tuononen, J Lammintakanen, A L Suominen
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study factors associated with staying in a dentist leadership position. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We used an electronic questionnaire to gather data from 156 current or former Finnish dentist leaders in 2014. Principal component analysis categorized statements regarding time usage and opportunities in managerial work into five main components. Associations between these main component scores and the tendency to stay as a leader were analyzed with logistic regression...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112341/the-interaction-effects-between-race-and-functional-disabilities-on-the-prevalence-of-self-reported-periodontal-diseases-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#10
R Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Racial minority groups and adults with functional disabilities (FDs) disproportionally experience periodontal diseases. However, little is known about the interactions of these two characteristics in disease prevalence. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between FDs and periodontal experiences, and to identify whether race has a particular influence on this relationship. METHODS: Data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012, in a representative sample of adults aged 30 years and older...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112340/finnish-dentists-find-smoking-cessation-important-but-seldom-offer-practical-support-for-their-patients
#11
A Grönholm, D Litkey, J Jokelainen, J Keto, M Pöyry, K Linden, A M Heikkinen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate Finnish dentists' smoking cessation related attitudes, consultation practices and familiarity with the local treatment guideline on smoking cessation. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: An online questionnaire was sent to 1740 dentists, which corresponds to 39% of dentists in Finland. A total of 456 dentists responded (response rate 26%), of whom 435 (95%) were clinicians. The dentists' smoking cessation practices were also compared to ones reported in a previous study in Finnish physicians...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112339/oral-health-survey-of-five-year-olds-2014-15-have-strategies-for-increasing-the-levels-of-parental-consent-in-bradford-been-effective
#12
E Gill
Public Health England facilitates national epidemiological surveys of five-year-olds to monitor oral health, both locally and nationally. Positive consent for participation in surveys such as these was introduced in 2006 following guidance from the Department of Health. Following this change, consent rates have fallen slightly. Bradford, a city in West Yorkshire in the north of England, has actively tried to encourage an increase in consent rates. In the 2014/15 survey several measures were implemented to encourage parents to return their consent forms in order to increase consent levels...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111620/readying-community-water-fluoridation-advocates-through-training-surveillance-and-empowerment
#13
C Veschusio, M K Jones, J Mercer, A B Martin
This paper describes the Community Water Fluoridation Advocacy Training Project that was designed to develop networks of community water fluoridation advocates in rural communities. The South Carolina (SC) Department of Health and Environmental Control Division of Oral Health staff and the SC Dental Association were responsible for developing and facilitating the training sessions for key policy influencers, which included medical and dental providers, early childhood educators, and water system operators and managers...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872814/association-between-excessive-internet-use-and-oral-health-behaviors-of-korean-adolescents-a-2015-national-survey
#14
K Y Do, E S Lee, K S Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate excessive Internet use's (EIU's) association with oral health behaviors among Korean adolescents. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was based on the 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2015). PARTICIPANTS: 68,043 school students aged 13-18 years (35,204 boys and 32,839 girls). Data on, 45,271 (23,354 males and 21,917 females using the Internet on weekdays) and 49,324 (27,448 males and 21,876 females using the Internet on weekends) were analyzed after excluding questionnaires with missing values...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872813/development-and-validation-of-the-child-oral-health-impact-profile-preschool-version
#15
R R Ruff, L Sischo, C H Chinn, H L Broder
OBJECTIVE: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) is a validated instrument created to measure the oral health-related quality of life of school-aged children. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a preschool version of the COHIP (COHIP-PS) for children aged 2-5. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: The COHIP-PS was developed and validated using a multi-stage process consisting of item selection, face validity testing, item impact testing, reliability and validity testing, and factor analysis...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872812/type-2-diabetes-as-a-risk-indicator-for-dental-caries-in-korean-adults-the-2011-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
I-S Song, K Han, Y-M Park, J-J Ryu, J-B Park
OBJECTIVES: The associations between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and untreated dental caries was examined. This study hypothesized that there would be a positive association between T2D and the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth (DT) in representative Korean adults. METHODS: The information was derived from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2011-2012. Sociodemographic and lifestyle variables, anthropometric and biochemical status, metabolic health and glucose tolerance status, oral health behaviors, and dental caries index were evaluated...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872811/preferences-for-dental-decisional-control-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-among-third-molar-patients-attending-public-dental-services
#17
K Hanna, P Sambrook, J M Armfield, D S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: To explore (1) the prevalence of dental decisional control preferences (DDCP) among third molar (TM) patients attending public dental services and associated individual's characteristics, and (2) the association between DDCP and quality of life (QoL). METHOD: Participants were adult public dental patients with internet access referred for TM consultation. Collected data included patients' socio-demographic variables, the Control Preferences Scale (CPS), the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and the EuroQol EQ-5D-5L...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872810/the-caries-experience-of-5-year-old-children-in-scotland-in-2013-2014-and-in-england-and-wales-in-2014-2015-reports-of-cross-sectional-dental-surveys-using-bascd-criteria
#18
C M Jones, G M Davies, N Monaghan, M Z Morgan, J S Neville, N B Pitts
OBJECTIVE: We report the findings from and comment on the surveys of the oral health of 5-year-old children undertaken in Scotland (2013-14), Wales (2014-15) and England (2014-15). This was the fourteenth survey in Scotland since 1988. In England and Wales it is the third survey since 2007 when changes were required in consent arrangements. METHOD: Representative samples were drawn within Health Boards across Scotland and local authorities across England and Wales...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872809/prevalence-severity-and-extent-of-chronic-periodontitis-among-sri-lankan-adults
#19
N Wellapuli, L Ekanayake
OBJECTIVE: to determine the prevalence, severity and extent of chronic periodontitis among 30-60 year old adults residing in Colombo district, Sri Lanka. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: a cross-sectional study with interviews and oral examinations. PARTICIPANTS: 1400, 30-60 year olds residing in Colombo district. RESULTS: the prevalence of mild, moderate and severe chronic periodontits was 1.4%, 36.1% and 13.5% respectively and the prevalence was significantly associated with sex, age group, ethnicity, level of education, smoking status and self-reported diabetes...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872808/the-oral-health-condition-and-treatment-needs-assessment-of-nursing-home-residents-in-flanders-belgium
#20
B Janssens, J Vanobbergen, M Petrovic, W Jacquet, J M G A Schols, L De Visschere
OBJECTIVES: A study was conducted of nursing home residents with limited access to regular oral health care services to evaluate their oral health status, to perform an assessment of the need for oral treatment and to determine the possible predicting value of age, gender, care dependency and income level on their oral health status and treatment needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three experienced dentists collected clinical oral health data with a mobile dental unit in 23 nursing homes...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
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