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Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744756/regression-of-fibrosis-in-pediatric-liver-diseases
#1
Vikrant Sood, Bikrant Bihari Lal, Archana Rastogi, Rajeev Khanna, Dinesh Rawat, Seema Alam
The concept of irreversibility of cirrhosis has been challenged in the recent past with literature in this regard, albeit still scarce, now being accumulated across all age groups, etiologies, and geographical regions. This small series of nine pediatric cases elegantly recapitulates the concept of regression of hepatic fibrosis/cirrhosis and paves way for further detailed studies to enable development of therapeutic anti-fibrotic modalities in future.
May 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704174/predictors-of-90-day-mortality-in-patients-with-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis-experience-with-183-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-center-from-india
#2
Ravi Daswani, Ashish Kumar, Shrihari Anil Anikhindi, Praveen Sharma, Vikas Singla, Naresh Bansal, Anil Arora
BACKGROUND: Severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is not an uncommon indication for hospital admission in India. However, there is limited data from India on predictors of mortality in patients of severe AH. We analyzed the data on patients with severe AH admitted to our institute and compared various parameters and severity scores in predicting 90-day mortality. METHODS: In this prospective study, we analyzed patients with severe AH (defined as discriminant function ≥ 32) admitted from January 2015 to February 2017 to our institute...
April 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619673/pre-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-administration-of-rectal-indomethacin-in-unselected-patients-to-reduce-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Rajat Garg, Babu P Mohan, Rajesh Krishnamoorthi, Tarun Rustagi
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have reported that peri-procedural administration of rectal indomethacin reduces the risk of pancreatitis in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Based on these studies, gastrointestinal (GI) societies recommend prophylactic rectal indomethacin for all patients undergoing ERCP. However, recent studies have reported contradictory results. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled relative risk (RR) of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in unselected patients who received rectal indomethacin before the ERCP (pre-ERCP) compared to patients who received pre-ERCP rectal placebo...
April 5, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616413/prothrombin-gene-mutation-in-budd-chiari-syndrome-the-first-case-report-from-india
#4
LETTER
Abhinav Jain, Akash Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611112/sedation-practices-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-survey-from-southern-india
#5
Prakash Zacharias, Shibi Mathew, John Mathews, Aby Somu, Maya Peethambaran, Menon Prashanth, Mathew Philip
Gastrointestinal endoscopies can cause an unpleasant experience for the patient. In India, most endoscopists follow a common institutional policy for sedation. The aim of this study was to analyze the sedation practices in various endoscopy centers across southern India. Data were collected with the help of a structured questionnaire given to a senior endoscopist of the center. Data from the completed questionnaire were later analyzed. Data were obtained from 19 centers across southern India. All endoscopy suites had central oxygen supply and emergency cart...
April 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594724/kinetics-of-liver-regeneration-in-donors-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-analysis-of-2-3rd-partial-hepatectomy-model-at-3-months
#6
Shailesh Anand Sable, Sharad Maheshwari, Swapnil Sharma, Kapildev Yadav, Ashutosh Chauhan, Sorabh Kapoor, Vibha Varma, Vinay Kumaran
BACKGROUND/AIM: Right lobe living donor (2/3rd partial hepatectomy) model is the best way to accurately study liver regeneration process in human beings. We aimed to study the kinetics of liver regeneration after 2/3rd partial hepatectomy in donors. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained volumetric recovery data in donors was performed in 23 donors, who underwent 29 contrast-enhanced computed tomography within 3 months for various clinical indications...
March 29, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629510/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-coil-or-glue-injection-in-post-cyanoacrylate-gastric-variceal-re-bleed
#7
Roy J Mukkada, Rajesh Antony, Mathew J Chooracken, Jose V Francis, Antony P Chettupuzha, Pradeep G Mathew, Philip Augustine, Abraham Koshy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: N-butyl-cyanoacrylate injection is recommended in bleeding/recently bled gastric varices. However, cyanoacrylate injection is associated with re-bleed in 25% to 50% of patients. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided coil application is an emerging treatment modality for bleeding gastric varices. The aim of this study was to compare EUS-guided coil application combined with or without cyanoacrylate glue injection to injection alone in post-glue gastric variceal re-bleed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594709/digital-rectal-examination-a-reliable-screening-tool-for-dyssynergic-defecation
#8
LETTER
Mayank Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594708/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-enlarged-adrenals-in-patients-with-pyrexia-of-unknown-origin-a-single-center-experience-of-52-cases
#9
Rinkesh K Bansal, Narendra S Choudhary, Saurabh K Patle, Amit Agarwal, Gagandeep Kaur, Haimanti Sarin, Rajesh Puri
BACKGROUND: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of adrenals is needed in patients with pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) and adrenal enlargement in absence of other diagnostic clues. Adrenals are easily accessible by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) due to proximity; however, there is no systemic study available on FNA of adrenals in patients with PUO. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield and safety of EUS-FNA of enlarged adrenal in patients with PUO. METHODS: Data was analyzed from October 2010 to September 2016 at a single tertiary care center in northern India...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560600/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-dysfunction-and-its-association-with-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#10
Raghavendra Prasada, Narendra Dhaka, Ajay Bahl, Thakur Deen Yadav, Rakesh Kochhar
BACKGROUND: Organ failure (OF) is the most important predictor of outcome in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Cardiovascular failure (CVSF) occurs in a variable proportion of patients with SAP. We aimed to study myocardial dysfunction in acute pancreatitis (AP) and its impact on the outcome. METHODS: In this prospective study between January 2011 and July 2012, consecutive eligible patients of AP were enrolled. Myocardial function was assessed by measuring CK-MB (creatine phosphokinase isoenzyme) and echocardiography at admission...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552743/progression-of-recurrent-acute-to-chronic-pancreatitis-more-questions-than-answers
#11
EDITORIAL
Rupjyoti Talukdar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552742/absence-of-chronic-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-liver-transplant-recipients-report-from-a-hyperendemic-region
#12
Pragya Agarwala, Ekta Gupta, Manish Chandra Choudhary, Viniyendra Pamecha
Most cases of chronic hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in solid organ transplant recipients are attributable to genotype 3. Although India is hyperendemic for HEV genotype 1, chronic infection in transplant patients has not been reported. In this study, 30 liver transplant recipients were followed up by systematic testing for various markers of HEV (IgM, IgG, HEV-Ag, and RNA) on blood and stool samples obtained pre-transplant, and then at 3 and 6 months post-transplant to look for HEV exposure and persistence...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532323/outcome-of-transarterial-chemoembolization-in-egyptian-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-branch-portal-vein-thrombosis
#13
H Abdella, M K Shaker, Iman Fawzy Montasser, M Sobhi, H Aly, A Sayed, S Saleh, A El Dorry
BACKGROUND/AIM: Portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) is a common complication in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and it was considered a relative contraindication for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) by many centers. This study aimed to assess the outcomes after TACE in patients with branch PVT regarding Child classification, radiological response, and 1-year survival. METHODS: Thirty HCC patients (24 male, 6 females) Child A cirrhotics with branch PVT underwent TACE...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520582/no-increased-risk-of-perforation-during-colonoscopy-in-patients-undergoing-propofol-versus-traditional-sedation-a-meta-analysis
#14
Minmin Xue, Jian Tian, Jing Zhang, Hongbin Zhu, Jun Bai, Sujuan Zhang, Qili Wang, Shuge Wang, Xuzheng Song, Donghong Ma, Jia Li, Yongmin Zhang, Wei Li, Dongxu Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The safety of propofol sedation during colonoscopy remains unclear, and we performed a meta-analysis to assess the risk of perforation in patients undergoing propofol vs. traditional sedation. METHODS: MEDLINE, CBM, VIP, CNKI, and Wanfang databases were searched up to December 2016. Two reviewers independently assessed abstract of those searched articles. Data about perforation condition in propofol and traditional sedation groups were extracted and combined using the random effects model...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516416/efficacy-of-narrow-band-imaging-in-detecting-early-esophageal-cancer-and-risk-factors-for-its-occurrence
#15
Wei Gai, Xi-Feng Jin, Ronglian Du, Ling Li, Tong-Hai Chai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) in the detecting early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions and to investigate the risk factors for its occurrence. METHODS: The esophagus was examined with ordinary endoscopy, NBI, and iodine staining. All the lesions were confirmed by histopathologically as the gold standard; NBI and intrapapillary capillary scale (IPCL) scale were compared with pathologic diagnosis...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512023/rate-of-recurrence-in-indian-patients-presenting-with-acute-pancreatitis-and-identification-of-chronicity-on-follow-up-possible-risk-factors-for-progression
#16
Rishikesh Kalaria, Philip Abraham, Devendra C Desai, Anand Joshi, Tarun Gupta
BACKGROUND: To study the profile and long-term outcome of Indian patients presenting with acute pancreatitis and the possible risk factors for progression. METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute or recurrent acute pancreatitis seen in our department during July 2013 to December 2014 were included. Details of past episodes were collected and patients were followed up till March 2015. RESULTS: In the 97 patients included (mean age 47.2 [SD 16...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512022/small-intestine-strictures-in-opium-addicts-an-unrecognized-cause-of-intestinal-obstruction
#17
Ashish Joshi, Sushil Falodia, Naveen Kumar, R L Solanki
Strictures of the small intestine have been attributed many causes of Crohn's disease, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, neoplastic, post-surgical, and corrosive ingestion. Opium as a cause of small intestine strictures has not been described. Six cases of opium addicts diagnosed with small intestine strictures were selected after excluding the possible etiology of strictures. Investigations like upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, colonoscopy (in patients with small intestinal obstruction), barium meal follow-through, and histopathology of strictures were done in all patients...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473130/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-site-infections-incidence-and-risk-factors
#18
Kayal Vizhi, Harshavardhan B Rao, Rama P Venu
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement is the modality of choice for long-term enteral nutrition in view of technical ease and cost-effectiveness. Peristomal infection (PI) remains the most common complication following PEG tube placement. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and risk factors for PI and outline a microbiological profile that can aid in prophylactic and therapeutic strategies. METHODS: A retrospective study of 781 patients who underwent PEG placement (Cook PEG-Pull-S-20Fr/24Fr) from 2010 to 2015 at our tertiary care center were included...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435875/a-prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-role-of-duodenal-bulb-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease
#19
Bhanwar Singh Dhandhu, Gaurav Kumar Gupta, Shashank J Wanjari, Nidhi Sharma, Sandeep Nijhawan
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CeD) requires a biopsy from the small intestine to confirm the diagnosis. Conventionally, duodenal bulb (D1) was avoided as a biopsy site due to histological confounding factors at this site. However, sometimes, the bulb mucosa is the only affected site. The aim of the present study was to assess changes in duodenal bulb histology and compare it to distal duodenal histology and to analyze whether the addition of duodenal bulb biopsy increases the diagnostic yield of the CeD...
February 13, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556969/dr-naresh-bhat-welcome-the-president-2017-2018-of-the-indian-society-of-gastroenterology
#20
S K Tyagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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