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Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209778/dietary-practices-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
REVIEW
Jimmy K Limdi
The etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains elusive but it is believed to result from incompletely understood interactions between environmental triggers in a potentially genetically susceptible host and a subsequent aberrant immune response. Its incidence is increasing worldwide at an unprecedented rate, outpacing what genetic influences alone could instigate. The increasingly integral role played by eating in social life has led patients to gravitate to diet and food in their consultations with physicians and other health care professionals, in an attempt to improve, control, or even "cure" IBD through diet...
September 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206762/endoscopic-drainage-of-obstructed-biliary-system-in-altered-gastrointestinal-anatomy-an-experience-from-a-tertiary-center-in-india
#2
Kapil Jamwal, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Barjesh Chander Sharma, Shiv Kumar Sarin
INTRODUCTION: With the advances in imaging and endoscopic technology, scope of endoscopic interventions in biliary obstruction associated with altered gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy has increased. We analyzed our experience on single-balloon enteroscopy and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided ERCP (SBE-ERCP) and EUS-guided hepatogastrostomy (EUS-HG) in the presence of altered GI anatomy. METHODS: Data of 15 patients (SBE-ERCP in 12, and EUS-HG in 3) over a period of 1 year (April 2016-March 2017) and followed up for 90 to 270 days were retrospectively analyzed...
September 11, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196518/role-and-safety-of-human-thrombin-injection-for-the-treatment-of-bleeding-gastric-varices
#3
Ashok Jhajharia, Shashank J Wanjari, Prachis Ashdhir, Rupesh Pokharna, Sandeep Nijhawan
BACKGROUND: Human thrombin appears to be a new effective tool in the armamentarium of management of bleeding gastric varices, but there are paucity of data on its use. Thus, we share our experience with human thrombin in the treatment of bleeding gastric varices. METHODS: It was a prospective interventional study conducted between September 2015 and December 2017. Patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding from gastric varices were included, while patients with previous history of cyanoacrylate glue injection or band ligation were excluded...
September 8, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196517/psychiatric-morbidity-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-time-to-screen-all-the-patients
#4
EDITORIAL
Devendra Desai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196516/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Rasika Bhamre, Sangeet Sawrav, Shilpa Adarkar, Rishika Sakaria, Shobna J Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities are associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We conducted an observational study to evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with IBD. METHODS: Seventy consecutive consenting patients with IBD (62 ulcerative colitis [UC], 8 Crohn's disease [CD]; 40 males, mean age [SD] 36.2 [11.3] years) and 100 healthy volunteers (44 males, age 31.22 [SD] [10.5] years) as controls were enrolled. All participants were directed to take self-assessment tests, Patient Health Questionnaire -9 (PHQ-9) and Symptom Checklist Anxiety Scale (SCL-A20)...
September 8, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187300/the-way-to-a-man-s-heart-is-through-the-stomach
#6
Kamal Kant, Richa Purohit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187299/abernethy-malformation-single-center-experience-from-india-with-review-of-literature
#7
Swapnil Sharma, Prashant R Bobhate, Shailesh Sable, Suneed Kumar, Kapildev Yadav, Sharad Maheshwari, Saista Amin, Ashutosh Chauhan, Vibha Varma, Sorabh Kapoor, Vinay Kumaran
Abernethy malformation is a rare congenital anomaly in which there is direct communication between the portal and systemic venous circulation. The clinical presentation ranges from asymptomatic with incidental detection on imaging to secondary complications of disease or related to associate anomalies. This is a retrospective analysis of data from nine patients with Abernethy malformation at a single center. This is a referral center for Pediatric Cardiology and for Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery. The patients presented to the Pulmonary Hypertension Clinic/the Hepatobiliary Surgery Clinic...
September 5, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178093/non-invasive-aspartate-aminotransferase-to-platelet-ratio-index-correlates-well-with-invasive-hepatic-venous-pressure-gradient-in-cirrhosis
#8
Vijendra Kirnake, Anil Arora, Praveen Sharma, Mohan Goyal, Romesh Chawlani, Jay Toshniwal, Ashish Kumar
BACKGROUND: Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is the best recommended tool to measure portal pressure, but is invasive. HVPG helps in prognosticating cirrhosis and predict its complications. Aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) is a simple non-invasive marker of hepatic fibrosis. We aimed to correlate APRI with HVPG and to determine the usefulness of APRI in predicting complication of cirrhosis. METHODS: APRI and HVPG were measured in consecutive patients of cirrhosis aged 18 to 70 years...
September 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178092/noradrenaline-versus-terlipressin-in-the-management-of-type-1-hepatorenal-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Riyaz U Saif, Hilal Ahmad Dar, Sozia Mohammad Sofi, Mushtaq Saif Andrabi, Gul Javid, Showkat Ali Zargar
BACKGROUND: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) occurs in decompensated liver disease and carries high mortality. Vasoconstrictors are the drug of choice. Terlipressin is widely used and is expensive. In this study, we compared noradrenaline and terlipressin in the management of type 1 HRS. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients with type 1 HRS were managed with noradrenaline (Group A, n = 30) or terlipressin (Group B, n = 30) with albumin in a randomized controlled trial at a tertiary center...
September 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168074/a-rare-case-of-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-on-immunosuppressive-treatment
#10
Bhavesh Bhut, Akshay Kulkarni, Varnika Rai, Vinita Agrawal, Abhai Verma, Manoj Jain, Rungmei S K Marak, Ajai Kumar Dixit, Uday C Ghoshal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168073/pegylated-interferon-based-sequential-therapy-for-treatment-of-hbeag-reactive-pediatric-chronic-hepatitis-b-first-study-in-children
#11
Bikrant Bihari Lal, Vikrant Sood, Rajeev Khanna, Dinesh Rawat, Sanjeev Verma, Seema Alam
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sequential therapy using pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) for treatment of children in immunoactive (IA) and immunotolerant (IT) phases of chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: It was a prospective observational study where those willing for sequential therapy were allocated to group 1 (sequential therapy) and others to group 2 (standard therapy). Sequential therapy included 8 weeks of NA followed by 44 weeks of combination of NA and Peg-IFN...
August 31, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168072/safety-in-ayurveda-need-to-bring-the-house-in-order
#12
LETTER
Sanjeev Rastogi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168071/ayurveda-formulations-induced-liver-injury-a-myth
#13
LETTER
Preethi Mohan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159667/improving-outcomes-with-pharmacotherapy-to-treat-acute-esophageal-variceal-bleeding
#14
EDITORIAL
C E Eapen, Subramani Kandasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159666/prevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-viremia-and-antibodies-among-healthy-blood-donors-in-india
#15
Harshita Katiyar, Amit Goel, Atul Sonker, Vishwajeet Yadav, Sadul Sapun, Rajendra Chaudhary, Rakesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is transmitted primarily through contaminated water and food. Recently, HEV viremia in blood donors and transfusion-related transmission of HEV have been reported, leading to calls to screen donated blood for this virus. However, these data are from regions where genotype 3 HEV is predominant. In India, where human infections are caused only by genotype 1 HEV, the frequency of subclinical HEV viremia is unknown. METHODS: Minipools of sera prepared from three donor units each from our institution's  blood bank in Lucknow, India, were tested for HEV RNA using a sensitive amplification-based assay...
August 29, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132224/comparison-of-continuous-versus-intermittent-infusions-of-terlipressin-for-the-control-of-acute-variceal-bleeding-in-patients-with-portal-hypertension-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Sanjeev Kumar Jha, Manish Mishra, Ashish Jha, Vishwa Mohan Dayal
BACKGROUND: Continuous infusion of terlipressin causes more stable reduction in portal venous pressure than intermittent infusion. The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of continuous infusion vs. intermittent boluses of terlipressin to control acute variceal bleeding (AVB) in patients with portal hypertension. METHODS: Eighty-six consecutive patients with portal hypertension and AVB were randomized to receive either continuous intravenous infusion (Group A, n = 43) or intravenous boluses of terlipressin (Group B, n = 43)...
August 21, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121890/perforation-following-pneumatic-dilation-of-achalasia-cardia-in-a-university-hospital-in-northern-india-a-two-decade-experience
#17
Uday C Ghoshal, Arun Karyampudi, Abhai Verma, Hemanta K Nayak, Samir Mohindra, Nakul Morakhia, Vivek A Saraswat
Pneumatic dilation (PD) is a cost-effective first-line treatment for achalasia. The most feared complication of PD is esophageal perforation (EP). As data on EP after PD for achalasia are not widely reported, we present the frequency, risk factors, and treatment-outcome of EP. Records of patients undergoing PD for achalasia (January 1995 to September 2015) were retrospectively reviewed. Of 433 patients (age 38 years, 13-88, 57% male), and 521 dilations, 12 were complicated by EP (2.7% of patients and 2.3% of PD)...
August 18, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121889/reply-to-ayurveda-formulations-induced-liver-injury-a-myth-by-dr-preethi-mohan
#18
LETTER
Cyriac Abby Philips, Rajaguru Paramaguru, Philip Augustine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121888/reply-to-safety-in-ayurveda-need-to-bring-the-house-in-order-by-dr-sanjeev-rastogi
#19
LETTER
Cyriac Abby Philips, Rajaguru Paramaguru, Philip Augustine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121887/a-report-on-three-patients-with-echinococcus-multilocularis-lessons-learned
#20
Nalini Bansal, Vivek Vij, Mukul Rastogi, Manav Wadhawan, Ajay Kumar
Echinococcus multilocularis (EM) is the most virulent species of the genus Echinococcus. It causes a highly lethal helminthic disease in humans. The disease may present as hepatic mass mimicking a malignant neoplasm. Due to the vascular and neural invasion, protean clinical manifestations including Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) may be the clinical presentation of this condition. We herein report three cases of Echinococcus multilocularis; the first case presenting as multiple hepatic space-occupying lesions, second as liver mass infiltrating the nerve bundles, and the third as a hepatic mass infiltrating the large vessels including inferior vena cava and right hepatic vein presenting as BCS...
August 18, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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