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Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435998/a-6-year-old-boy-with-wilson-disease-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#1
Ramaswamy Ganesh, N Suresh, T Vasanthi, Malathi Sathiyasekaran, R Thulasiraman
A 6-year-old boy presented with 2 months history of progressive abdominal distension and jaundice. He was deeply icteric with ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, hyperbilirubinemia, raised transaminases, and coagulopathy. Viral markers and slit lamp examination for Kayser-Fleischer ring were negative. Serum ceruloplasmin and 24-h urinary copper post-D-pencillamine challenge were normal. Anti-smooth muscle antibody was positive 1:20, and liver biopsy showed micronodular cirrhosis with abundant Mallory hyaline and stainable copper deposits...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417289/reporting-the-margin-in-pancreaticoduodenectomies-r0-versus-r1
#2
Chandralekha Shyamsunder Tampi, Somesh Nilkanth, Palepu Jagannath
AIM: This study was conducted to analyze the changes in margin positivity in pancreaticoduodenectomies, on using a standardized protocol, which bread loafs the pancreas and duodenum in the axial plane for adenocarcinomas arising in the pancreatic head, ampulla, terminal common bile duct (CBD), and duodenum, and then to assess whether these tumor subsets involve the margins in different ways. METHODS: The analysis was performed on 70 consecutive specimens, the pre-protocol specimens serving as the control group...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393331/role-of-crs-and-hipec-in-appendiceal-and-colorectal-malignancies-indian-experience
#3
Nikhil Gupta, Syed Asif, Jatin Gandhi, Sajjan Rajpurohit, Shivendra Singh
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy are recently being considered as standard of treatment for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of appendiceal or colorectal origin. It is an extensive procedure with high morbidity. Being a newer treatment modality, not much experience has been published from an Indian center about it. METHODS: All patients of colorectal and appendiceal cancer with peritoneal metastasis from January 2012 to March 2015 who were planned for cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) were analyzed with respect to morbidity, mortality, and survival...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393330/external-validation-of-scoring-systems-in-risk-stratification-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#4
Anna Cherian Anchu, Subair Mohsina, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, T Mahalakshmy, Vikram Kate
AIM: The aim of this study was to externally validate the four commonly used scoring systems in the risk stratification of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleed (UGIB). METHODS: Patients of UGIB who underwent endoscopy within 24 h of presentation were stratified prospectively using the pre-endoscopy Rockall score (PRS) >0, complete Rockall score (CRS) >2, Glasgow Blatchford bleeding scores (GBS) >3, and modified GBS (m-GBS) >3 scores. Patients were followed up to 30 days...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393329/quality-of-life-of-liver-donors-following-donor-hepatectomy
#5
Biju Chandran, Viju Kumar Bharathan, Johns Shaji Mathew, Binoj Sivasankara Pillai Thankamony Amma, Unnikrishnan Gopalakrishnan, Dinesh Balakrishnan, Ramachandran Narayana Menon, Puneet Dhar, Sudheer Othiyil Vayoth, Sudhindran Surendran
BACKGROUND: Although morbidity following living liver donation is well characterized, there is sparse data regarding health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of donors. METHODS: HRQOL of 200 consecutive live liver donors from 2011-2014 performed at an Indian center were prospectively collected using the SF-36 version 2, 1 year after surgery. The effect of donor demographics, operative details, post-operative complications (Clavien-Dindo and 50-50 criteria), and recipient mortality on the quality-of-life (QOL) scoring was analyzed...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367587/radiofrequency-ablation-for-gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-and-radiation-proctitis
#6
Pave Markos, Branko Bilic, Hrvoje Ivekovic, Nadan Rustemovic
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) and chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) are well-known causes of repeated gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anemia. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is the most common endoscopic therapy used, but some patients need multiple APC sessions. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is recently used in GAVE and CRP treatment with promising results. In this case series, we analyzed data for 15 patients with GAVE and 5 patients with CRP that had multiple prior APC treatment. They were treated with RFA HALO 90 catheter (HALO90 Ablation Catheter System; Covidien, GI Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA) in our tertiary referral center...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357774/inappropriate-inferences-from-registry-data-pitfalls-of-inaccurate-data-handling
#7
EDITORIAL
Rahul Kakodkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353081/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-melioidosis-a-single-center-experience
#8
Nitin Jagtap, Harshal Shah, Anuradha Kancharla, Manu Tandan, Partha Pal, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, D N Reddy
Melioidosis, being increasing, is reported from India. Gastrointestinal manifestations are typically reported as unusual cause of liver and/or splenic abscess. We aimed to describe various gastrointestinal manifestation of melioidosis in the present study. We retrospectively collected data of culture positive melioidosis cases from hospital database during August 2014-October 2016 at Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad. A total of nine culture positive cases (8 male) of melioidosis with median age of 40 years (range 23-66) were analyzed...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345112/experience-with-direct-acting-anti-viral-agents-for-treating-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#9
Amit Goel, Dharmendra Singh Bhadauria, Anupma Kaul, Narayan Prasad, Amit Gupta, Raj Kumar Sharma, Praveer Rai, Rakesh Aggarwal
In recent past, direct-acting anti-viral drugs (DAAs) have become the standard of care for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, the experience with the use of these drugs in Indian renal transplant recipients is limited. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with DAA-based treatment for HCV infection in such patients. Between April 2015 and December 2016, six adults (median age 41 [range 34-52] years, male 5; GT1 2, GT3 3, and GT4 1; including three with prior failed interferon-based treatment) had received genotype-guided, DAA-based anti-HCV treatment 1 to 158 (median 15) months after renal transplantation...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332175/endoscopic-ultrasound-of-lemmel-s-syndrome
#10
Piyush Somani, Malay Sharma
Periampullary duodenal diverticula are common and are usually asymptomatic. However, complications like biliary or pancreatic obstruction, duodenal obstruction, perforation, or hemorrhage can occur occasionally. Obstructive jaundice is usually due to biliary stones and periampullary tumors. Rarely, duodenal diverticula may present with obstructive jaundice in the absence of cholelithiasis or other detectable obstacle. This condition is called Lemmel's syndrome. There are only few case reports of this rare condition...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299628/management-of-colon-stents-based-on-bernoulli-s-principle
#11
Yoshiharu Uno
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The colonic self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) has been widely used for "bridge to surgery" and palliative therapy. However, if the spread of SEMS is insufficient, not only can a decompression effect not be obtained but also perforation and obstructive colitis can occur. The mechanism of occurrence of obstructive colitis and perforation was investigated by flow dynamics. METHODS: Bernoulli's principle was applied, assuming that the cause of inflammation and perforation represented the pressure difference in the proximal lumen and stent...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290142/rapid-on-site-evaluation-of-cytology-for-eus-and-ebus-guided-fine-needle-aspiration
#12
EDITORIAL
Kartik Ramakrishna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286919/biofeedback-therapy-challenges-in-indian-setting
#13
LETTER
Mayank Jain, Rajiv Baijal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281085/efficacy-and-safety-of-sofosbuvir-based-regimens-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-on-dialysis
#14
Narendra S Choudhary, Amit Kumar, Vijay Bodh, Shyam Bihari Bansal, Reetesh Sharma, Manish Jain, Sanjiv Saigal, Neeraj Saraf
INTRODUCTION: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have poor treatment tolerance and outcome to interferon-based regimens. Sofosbuvir-based regimens have improved treatment success in chronic hepatitis C. There is limited data in ESRD patients as sofosbuvir is excreted by the kidney. Several small studies have shown good results. METHODS: Sixteen consecutive patients of ESRD (on dialysis) and chronic hepatitis C were treated with sofosbuvir-based regimens as they were prospective kidney transplantation recipients, at a tertiary care center in north India...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275961/high-diagnostic-yield-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-without-an-on-site-cytopathologist
#15
Shyam Sunder Sharma, Mukesh Jain, Sudhir Maharshi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a well-established modality in diagnosing and staging of various neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. Its accuracy further increases in the presence of an on-site cytopathologist. There is a paucity of data on diagnostic yield of EUS-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) without an on-site cytopathologist. METHODS: Retrospective data were analyzed at SMS Medical College, Jaipur, from January 2014 to October 2015...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271470/chronic-pancreatitis-in-eastern-india-experience%C3%A2-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#16
Ashish Kumar Jha, Mahesh Kumar Goenka, Usha Goenka
There is a wide variation in the clinical presentation of chronic pancreatitis (CP) in the different parts of India. Data regarding the clinical profile of CP from eastern India are scarce. We describe the clinical and demographic profiles of patients with CP in eastern India. Consecutive patients were evaluated for the clinical presentation, etiology and complication of CP. One hundred and thirty-nine patients with CP (mean age 39.57±14.88 years; M/F 3.48:1) were included. Idiopathic CP (50.35%) was the most common etiology followed by alcohol (33...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217820/inverse-relationship-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-asthma-in-us-adults-with-peptic-ulcer-disease
#17
LETTER
Hirotaka Kato, Robert Pattison, Sanjay Bhandari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213843/effect-of-biofeedback-therapy-on-anorectal-physiological-parameters-among-patients-with-fecal-evacuation-disorder
#18
Abhai Verma, Asha Misra, Uday C Ghoshal
BACKGROUND: Though biofeedback therapy is often effective in patients with fecal evacuation disorder (FED), a common cause of chronic constipation (CC) in tertiary practice, data on anorectal physiological parameters following it are scanty. METHODS: Consecutive patients with FED with CC diagnosed by abnormalities in at least two of the three tests (anorectal manometry, defecography, and balloon expulsion test [BET]) undergoing biofeedback (two sessions per day, 30 min each, for 2 weeks) during a 3-year period were analyzed...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194604/hepatocellular-carcinoma-biology-predicts-survival-outcome-after-liver-transplantation-in-the-usa
#19
Mohamed Abd El-Fattah
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinicopathologic prognostic factors of cancer-specific survival (CSS) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who underwent liver transplantation (LT) stratified by tumor size. METHODS: From the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 18 registries (2004-2012), we retrieved data of 570 patients who underwent LT for a solitary primary HCC lesion ≤5 cm. A two multivariable Cox models were constructed to identify prognostic factors of CSS in a two different tumor sizes (2 cm cutoff)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181127/role-of-bedside-pancreatic-scores-and-c-reactive-protein-in-predicting-pancreatic-fluid-collections-and-necrosis
#20
Doraiswami Babu Vinish, Vishnu Abishek, K Sujatha, S Arulprakash, Rajkumar Solomon, P Ganesh
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a disease with variable outcome; the course of the disease can be modified by early aggressive management in patients with severe pancreatitis. Easily calculable pancreatic scores and investigations can help to triage these patients. We aimed to determine the role of bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), harmless acute pancreatitis score (HAPS), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) scores on day of admission and C-reactive protein (CRP) at 48 h for predicting the presence of pancreatic fluid collection (PFC) and necrosis on CT scans done at 72 h...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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