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Health Policy

Barbara Willems, Piet Bracke
This study is an in-depth examination of at whose initiative (participant, physician or screening programme) individuals participate in cervical, breast and colorectal cancer screening across the EU-28. Special attention is paid to (1) the association with educational attainment and (2) the country's cancer screening strategy (organised, pilot/regional or opportunistic) for each type of cancer screened. Data were obtained from Eurobarometer 66.2 'Health in the European Union' (2006). Final samples consisted of 10,186; 5443 and 9851 individuals for cervical, breast, and colorectal cancer, respectively...
February 12, 2018: Health Policy
Maria-Jesus Pueyo, Ramon Escuriet, M Pérez-Botella, I de Molina, D Ruíz-Berdun, S Albert, S Díaz, P Torres-Capcha, V Ortún
AIM: To explore the effect of hospital's characteristics in the proportion of obstetric interventions (OI) performed in singleton fullterm births (SFTB) in Catalonia (2010-2014), while incentives were employed to reduce C-sections. METHODS: Data about SFTB assisted at 42 public hospitals were extracted from the dataset of hospital discharges. Hospitals were classified according to the level of complexity, the volume of births attended, and the adoption of a non-medicalized delivery (NMD) strategy...
February 10, 2018: Health Policy
João Breda, Jelena Jakovljevic, Giulia Rathmes, Romeu Mendes, Olivier Fontaine, Susanne Hollmann, Alfred Rütten, Peter Gelius, Sonja Kahlmeier, Gauden Galea
This study aims to present information on the surveillance, policy developments, and implementation of physical activity policies in the 28 European Union (EU) countries. Data was collected on the implementation of the EU Recommendation on health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) across sectors. In line with the monitoring framework proposed in the Recommendation, a questionnaire was designed to capture information on 23 physical activity indicators. Of the 27 EU countries that responded to the survey, 22 have implemented actions on more than 10 indicators, four countries have implemented more than 20 indicators, and one country has fully addressed and implemented all of the 23 indicators of the monitoring framework...
February 3, 2018: Health Policy
Alvisa Palese, Luca Grassetti, Davide Bandera, Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Mark Hayter, Roger Watson
OBJECTIVES: An increased amount of functional dependence has been reported among residents living in nursing homes. Among others, feeding dependence is one of the most complex needs to satisfy: behind the attempt to personalise meals with individual preferences and clinical regimens, all residents require help at the same moment and for long periods of time, three or more times a day. With the intent of debating policy implications, the aims of this study were to advance the knowledge in the field of feeding dependence prevalence and predictors in Italy, a country where life expectancy is among the highest in the World...
February 2, 2018: Health Policy
Beatriz García-Cornejo, José A Pérez-Méndez
Promoting the improvement of standardized cost systems (CS) is one of the measures available to health policy makers for the purpose of improving efficiency in hospitals over the long-term. Nevertheless, very few studies evaluate the relationship between alternative CS and the costs really incurred. We use data from 242 hospitals of the Spanish National Health Service (NHS) between 2010 and 2013 in order to explore the determinants of the cost per adjusted patient day, using a difference-in-differences approach where the treatment is the implementation of an advanced CS...
February 1, 2018: Health Policy
Chelsea Cox
Canada is on the cusp of an unprecedented change in its governmental approach to recreational cannabis consumption. By July of 2018 the country will legalize and regulate recreational cannabis use across the country via the implementation of the Cannabis Act, representing the second country in the world and the first in North America to do so. With almost half of Canadians having admitted to using the drug illegally, this change in policy has been long advocated. While medical cannabis has been legal since 2001 this represents the first time in recent history that recreational cannabis will be legal on a federal level...
January 31, 2018: Health Policy
Ellen Reynolds, Line Guénette, Joel Lexchin, Alan Cassels, Michael S Wilkes, Geneviève Durrieu, Marie-Dominique Beaulieu, Barbara Mintzes
OBJECTIVES: To examine and compare the experiences and attitudes of primary care physicians in three different regulatory environments (United States, Canada, and France) towards interactions with pharmaceutical sales representatives, particularly their perspectives on safety information provision and self-reported influences on prescribing. METHODS: We recruited primary care physicians for 12 focus groups in Montreal, Sacramento, Toulouse and Vancouver. A thematic analysis of the interview data followed a five-stage framework analysis approach...
January 30, 2018: Health Policy
Barend W Florijn
The Dutch Euthanasia Act (EA) took effect in 2002 and regulates the ending of one's life by a physician at the request of a patient who is suffering unbearably. According to the Dutch Supreme Court, unbearable suffering is a state for which the presence of a medical condition is a strict prerequisite. As a consequence, the Dutch EA has attributed the assessment of unbearable suffering to physicians who evaluate the presence of a medical classifiable disorder. Currently, a debate within the Netherlands questions whether older people, without a medical condition, who value their life as completed, should be granted euthanasia...
January 29, 2018: Health Policy
Stefano Landi, Enrico Ivaldi, Angela Testi
In the absence of priority criteria, waiting times are an implicit rationing instrument where the absence or limited use of prices creates an excess of demand. Even in the presence of priority criteria, waiting times may be unfair because they reduce health care demand of patients in lower socio-economic conditions due to high opportunity costs of time or a decay in their health level. Significant evidence has shown a relationship between socioeconomic status and the length of waiting time. The first phase of the study involved an extensive review of the existent literature for the period of 2002-2016 in the main databases (Scopus, PubMed and Science Direct)...
January 12, 2018: Health Policy
Andelija Arandelovic, Anna Acampora, Bruno Federico, Francesco Profili, Paolo Francesconi, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine whether there are differences in the performance of long-term care programs between local health authorities, using preventable hospitalization as an indicator. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study compared the rate of preventable hospitalization for local health authorities in Tuscany (Italy) between January 2012 and September 2016. Several administrative datasets for the patients in long-term care programs were linked at the individual (patient) level...
January 12, 2018: Health Policy
Joseph Rwagitinywa, Agnès Sommet, Aurore Palmaro, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
INTRODUCTION: Simulation studies showed that generic antiretroviral (ARV) drug utilization could lead to significant cost reduction of HIV treatment in developed world. This study aimed to quantify ARV utilization and costs in European countries between 2006 and 2015. We also assessed the impact of generic ARV drug utilization on cost reduction in real-life. METHODS: ARV drug utilization in 14 European countries (France, Italy, Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) were analysed using defined daily dose (DDD)/1000 inhabitants/year...
January 11, 2018: Health Policy
Hugo Lopes, Céu Mateus, Cristina Hernández-Quevedo
The Portuguese National Network for Long-term Integrated Care (Rede Nacional de Cuidados Continuados, RNCCI) was created in 2006 as a partnership between the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity. The formal provision of care within the RNCCI is made up of non-profit and non-public institutions called Private Institutions of Social Solidarity, public institutions belonging to the National Health Service and for-profit-institutions. These institutions are organized by type of care in two main settings: (i) Home and Community-Based Services and (ii) four types of Nursing Homes to account for different care needs...
January 11, 2018: Health Policy
Alexandru M Rotar, Alin Preda, Olga Löblová, Vanesa Benkovic, Szymon Zawodnik, Laszlo Gulacsi, Maciej Niewada, Imre Boncz, Guenka Petrova, Maria Dimitrova, Niek Klazinga
This paper aims to provide an overview of the rationalization strategies for the introduction and use of pharmaceuticals, focusing on the role of managed entry agreements (MEA) in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, namely Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Hungary, Poland and Romania. We developed a conceptual framework on MEAs that was used as the basis for a standardized assessment questionnaire sent to country experts to capture their perceptions on their countries' rationalization strategies and MEAs...
January 11, 2018: Health Policy
Sandra Bertezene
In France, the supervisory bodies require hospitals and nursing homes to undergo various control procedures. A stack of legislation and control measures has piled up, with no provision for their interconnection being included in any of the legislation. The purpose of the article is to point to the prospects for better control opened up by the legislation modernising the health system adopted on 26 January 2016. The reform will neither directly change the partitioning between the supervisory bodies preventing the sharing of information and the harmonisation of the practices in terms of control, nor change the internal partitioning within the supervisory body...
January 11, 2018: Health Policy
Simone M Schneider, Tamara Popic
Knowing the public opinion of healthcare is essential when assessing healthcare system performance; but little research has focussed on the links between the public's general attitude to the healthcare system and its perceptions and expectations of specific healthcare-related aspects. Using data from the fourth round of the European Social Survey 2008/09, we explore the cognitive determinants of global evaluations of the healthcare system in 12 Eastern and 16 Western European countries. We find that healthcare evaluations follow a coherent cognitive reasoning...
January 5, 2018: Health Policy
Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat, Rita Baeten, Timo Clemens, Triin Habicht, Ilmo Keskimäki, Iwona Kowalska-Bobko, Anna Sagan, Ewout van Ginneken
Reports on the implementation of the Directive on the application of Patients' Rights in Cross-border Healthcare indicate that it had little impact on the numbers of patients seeking care abroad. We set out to explore the effects of this directive on health systems in seven EU Member States. Key informants in Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Malta, Poland and The Netherlands filled out a structured questionnaire. Findings indicate that the impact of the directive varied between countries and was smaller in countries where a large degree of adaptation had already taken place in response to the European Court of Justice Rulings...
January 4, 2018: Health Policy
Ioanna Keramidou, Loukas Triantafyllopoulos
The influence of the financial crisis on the efficiency of Greek public hospitals has been widely debated. Despite this increasing interest in such research, the question of to what extent the recent reforms in the Greek National health care system were effective in establishing a health care structure and process that provide better results for patients has yet to be fully investigated. As a step in this direction, the paper focuses on patient's experience with public hospital care quality before and during the economic crisis...
December 24, 2017: Health Policy
Maria Guglielmin, Carles Muntaner, Patricia O'Campo, Ketan Shankardass
OBJECTIVES: Health in All Policies (HiAP) is an approach to public policies across sectors that systematically takes into account the health implications of decisions, seeks synergies, and avoids harmful health impacts in order to improve population health and health equity. HiAP implementation can involve engagement from multiple levels of government; however, factors contributing or hindering HiAP implementation at the local level are largely unexplored. Local is defined as the city or municipal level, wherein government is uniquely positioned to provide leadership for health and where many social determinants of health operate...
December 20, 2017: Health Policy
Piyush Grover, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Raoul Oehmen, Agnes Vitry
Medicines Access Programs (MAP) offer access to publicly unfunded medicines at the discretion of pharmaceutical companies. Limited literature is available on their extent and scope in Australia and New Zealand. This study aims to identify MAPs for cancer medicines that were operational in 2014-15 in Australia and New Zealand and describe their characteristics. A preliminary list of MAPs was sent to hospital pharmacists in Australia and New Zealand to validate and collect further information. Pharmaceutical companies were contacted directly to provide information regarding MAPs offered...
December 20, 2017: Health Policy
Solveig Osborg Ose, Jorid Kalseth, Marian Ådnanes, Tone Tveit, Solfrid E Lilleeng
BACKGROUND: Inpatient bed numbers are continually being reduced but are not being replaced with adequate alternatives in primary health care. There is a considerable risk that eventually all inpatient treatment will be unplanned, because planned or elective treatments are superseded by urgent needs when capacity is reduced. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To estimate the rate of unplanned admissions to inpatient psychiatric treatment facilities in Norway and analyse the difference between patients with unplanned and planned admissions regarding services received during the three months prior to admission as well as clinical, demographical and socioeconomic characteristics of patients...
December 20, 2017: Health Policy
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