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Endocrine Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461127/mibi-scintigraphy-of-parathyroid-adenomas-correlation-with-biochemical-and-histological-markers
#1
Michael Cordes, Otto Dworak, Thomas Papadopoulos, Stephan Coerper, Torsten Kuwert
PURPOSE: In this study, we tested the hypothesis that MIBI-positive and MIBI-negative adenomas of parathyroid glands (APGs) have distinct biochemical and histological markers that could help differentiate MIBI-positive from MIBI-negative APGs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 40 patients with 41 APGs were included in the study. Patients were enrolled in the study after MIBI scintigraphy examinations had been carried out. Biochemical analyses included serum levels of calcium (Ca), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH-D3)...
February 20, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451987/association-of-adiponectin-leptin-ratio-with-carbohydrate-and-lipid-metabolism-parameters-in-hiv-infected-patients-during-antiretroviral-therapy
#2
Catalin Tiliscan, Victoria Arama, Raluca Mihailescu, Daniela Munteanu, Diana Gabriela Iacob, Cristina Popescu, Remulus Catana, Anca Negru, Alina Lobodan, Stefan Sorin Arama
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin and leptin are adipose tissue hormones that regulate important lipid and glucose metabolic pathways. Our objective was to evaluate the interplay of these hormones described by the adiponectin/leptin ratio (ALR) in correlation to lipid and carbohydrate metabolism parameters in nondiabetic HIV-infected patients during antiretroviral therapy (ART). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive nondiabetic patients with confirmed HIV infection, undergoing stable ART regimens for at least six months...
February 16, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400579/occult-urolithiasis-in-asymptomatic-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#3
Yu-Kwang Donovan Tay, Minghao Liu, Leonardo Bandeira, Mariana Bucovsky, James A Lee, Shonni J Silverberg, Marcella D Walker
OBJECTIVE: Recent international guidelines suggest renal imaging to detect occult urolithiasis in all patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), but data regarding their prevalence and associated risk factors are limited. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors for occult urolithiasis. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 96 asymptomatic PHPT patients from a university hospital in the United States with and without occult nephrolithiasis...
February 5, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381079/impact-of-admission-serum-calcium-levels-on-mortality-in-hospitalized-patients
#4
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Michael A Mao, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Ankit Sakhuja, Stephen B Erickson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between admission serum calcium levels and in-hospital mortality in all hospitalized patients. METHODS: All adult hospitalized patients who had admission serum calcium levels available between years 2009 and 2013 were enrolled. Admission serum calcium was categorized based on its distribution into six groups (<7.9, 7.9 to <8.4, 8.4 to <9.0, 9.0 to <9.6, 9.6 to <10.1, and ≥10.1 mg/dL). The odds ratio (OR) of in-hospital mortality by admission serum calcium, using the calcium category of 9...
January 30, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319359/secondary-and-tertiary-preventions-of-thyroid-disease
#5
Fereidoun Azizi, Ladan Mehran, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Hossein Delshad, Atieh Amouzegar
INTRODUCTION: Secondary and tertiary preventions are concerned with the recognition of the disease process in a very early stage and delay in progression to complete disease and minimization of complications and the impact of illness. METHODS: All articles related to secondary and tertiary prevention of thyroid diseases were reviewed. Using related key words, articles published between 2001 and 2015 were evaluated, categorized, and analyzed. RESULTS: In secondary prevention, congenital hypothyroidism and subclinical hypo and hyperthyroidism are equally important...
January 10, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308936/all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-associated-with-sulphonylurea-and-metformin-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes
#6
Sorin Ioacara, Cristian Guja, Aura Reghina, Sorina Martin, Anca Sirbu, Simona Fica
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that cumulative exposure to sulphonylurea (SU) or metformin (MET) have different effects on mortality when taken as a replacement or add-on of one for the other. METHODS: All consecutive diabetes patients aged over 20 years were screened at their first diabetes outpatient visit between 2001 and 2008 (n = 79869). Only patients on MET (n = 11374) or SU (n = 18502) monotherapy were retained. All patients were followed up for death until December 31, 2011, but censored at first exposure to anything else besides MET/SU...
January 8, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300115/association-between-anemia-at-three-different-time-points-and-new-onset-diabetes-after-kidney-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Alon Grossman, Irit Ayalon-Dangur, Lisa Cooper, Tzippy Shohat, Ruth Rahamimov, Eytan Mor, Anat Gafter-Gvili
PURPOSE: Anemia has been reported to be associated with diabetes, but the association between new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) and anemia has not been reported. METHODS: Patients who underwent kidney transplantation and did not have diabetes prior to transplantation were included in this study. Hemoglobin levels and the prevalence of anemia (hemoglobin <12 g/dL in females and <13 g/dL in males) were evaluated at three time points (prior to transplantation, 6 months following transplantation or 1 month before the development of NODAT, 2 years following transplantation, or following the development of NODAT) and were compared between those who developed NODAT and those who did not...
January 4, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192796/the-effect-of-weight-loss-on-body-composition-serum-bone-markers-and-adipokines-in-prepubertal-obese-children-after-1-year-intervention
#8
Joanna Gajewska, Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz, Witold Klemarczyk, Magdalena Chełchowska, Halina Weker, Katarzyna Szamotulska
Purpose/Aim: The influence of weight loss on bone turnover and bone quality in childhood remains controversial, but it may implicate interactions between adiposity and bone metabolism. Therefore, we studied the relationships between bone markers and adipokines during weight loss in obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined serum leptin, soluble leptin receptor, adiponectin, bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I), osteocalcin (OC), carboxylated-OC (Gla-OC), undercarboxylated-OC (Glu-OC), sclerostin, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD) in 40 obese prepubertal children before and after therapy...
December 1, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742421/comparison-of-30-mci-and-50-mci-i-131-doses-for-ablation-of-thyroid-remnant-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer-patients
#9
Xiao Yue Cai, Niranjan Vijayaratnam, Alexander J B McEwan, Rebecca Reif, Donald W Morrish
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare efficacy of thyroid remnant ablation using 30 mCi or 50 mCi 131-I in papillary thyroid cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and fifteen consecutive patients with Tumor-Node-Metastasis (TNM) stages T1-T3 N1/N0/NX receiving either 30 mCi or 50 mCi I-131 were analyzed for the effectiveness of remnant ablation using rhTSH-stimulated serum thyroglobulin. One hundred and five consecutive patients receiving 100 mCi I-131 were analyzed for the incidence of radiation thyroiditis and sialadenitis...
February 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035149/editorial-board-page-eov
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537768/hypopituitarism-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-pituitary-adenoma
#11
Karin Zibar Tomšić, Tina Dušek, Ivana Kraljević, Zdravko Heinrich, Mirsala Solak, Ana Vučinović, David Ozretić, Sergej Mihailović Marasanov, Hrvoje Hršak, Darko Kaštelan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of and risk factors for hypopituitarism after gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for pituitary adenoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the pituitary function of 90 patients who underwent GKRS for pituitary adenoma at the University Hospital Centre Zagreb between 2003 and 2014. Twenty seven of them met the inclusion criteria and the others were excluded from the study due to pituitary insufficiency which was present before GKRS...
November 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509618/follow-up-of-patients-with-thyroglobulin-antibodies-rising-tg-ab-trend-is-a-risk-factor-for-recurrence-of-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#12
Siegrid G A de Meer, Wessel M C M Vorselaars, Jakob W Kist, Marcel P M Stokkel, Bart de Keizer, Gerlof D Valk, Inne H M Borel Rinkes, Menno R Vriens
PURPOSE: Differentiated thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Recurrences (5-20%) are the main reason for follow-up. Thyroglobulin (Tg) has proven to be an excellent disease marker, but thyroglobulin-antibodies (Tg-Ab) may interfere with Tg measurement, leading to over or underestimation. It is proposed that the Tg-Ab trend can be used as a marker for disease recurrence, yet few studies define trend and have a long-term follow-up. The objective of our study was to investigate the value of a well-defined Tg-Ab trend as a surrogate marker for disease recurrence during long-term follow-up...
November 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506088/trends-in-white-blood-cell-and-platelet-indices-in-a-comparison-of-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-multinodular-goiter-do-not-permit-differentiation-between-the-conditions
#13
Nikolaos Machairas, Ioannis D Kostakis, Anastasia Prodromidou, Paraskevas Stamopoulos, Themistoklis Feretis, Zoe Garoufalia, Christos Damaskos, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Gregory Kouraklis
AIM: Carcinogenesis has been related to systematic inflammatory response. Our aim was to study white blood cell and platelet indices as markers of this inflammatory response in thyroid cancer and to associate them with various clinicopathological parameters. METHODS: We included 228 patients who underwent thyroidectomy within a period of 54 months, 89 with papillary thyroid carcinoma and 139 with multinodular hyperplasia. We examined potential links between white blood cell and platelet indices on the one hand and the type thyroid pathology and various clinicopathological parameters on the other...
November 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323510/positive-association-between-the-changes-in-chemerin-and-adiponectin-levels-after-weight-reduction
#14
Hyun-Young Shin, Sohee Park, Ji Won Lee
PURPOSE: Adiponectin and chemerin have been reported their associations with insulin resistance and chronic inflammation. However, the relationship between adiponectin and chemerin themselves has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the effects of changes in adiponectin and chemerin levels after a weight intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 136 healthy overweight or obese subjects from 2006 to 2009 and provided all participants lifestyle modification therapy with diet consultations over 16 weeks...
November 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318333/urinary-levels-of-pyridinoline-and-deoxypyridinoline-and-bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Nadide Melike Sav, Mustafa Kendirci, Leyla Akin, Selim Kurtoglu
OBJECTIVE: There is still controversy over the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on bone mass in children. Pyridinoline (Pyr) and deoxypyridinoline (DPyr), which stabilize the collagen chains within the extracellular matrix, are known as specific bone turnover markers. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between urinary Pyr and DPyr excretions and bone mineral density (BMD) in children with type 1 DM. METHODS: Serum levels of Ca, phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), and parathormone (PTH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and urinary excretions of Pyr and DPyr were evaluated in 50 diabetic and 130 healthy control subjects aged between 7 and 15 years...
November 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083246/reduced-insulin-sensitivity-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-patients-with-suppressed-tsh
#16
Thaís Gomes De Melo, Aglecio Luiz Souza, Elizabeth Ficher, Arlete Maria Fernandes, Ligia Vera Montali Da Assumpção, Sarah Monte Alegre, Denise Engelbrecht Zantut-Wittmann
OBJECTIVE: TSH-suppression is a therapy for thyroid cancer management, but it may lead to adverse effects, which should be balanced with its benefits. Previous studies evaluating the consequences of TSH suppression on insulin sensitivity have only been done with indirect techniques, and results were controversial. Therefore, we aimed to assess insulin sensitivity in patients with thyroid cancer and suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with the most appropriate direct method (hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp) in order to get a more conclusive response about the topic...
October 30, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035138/body-weight-predicts-nicotinamide-n-methyltransferase-activity-in-mouse-fat
#17
Bianca Rudolphi, Benedikt Zapp, Nils A Kraus, Franziska Ehebauer, Bettina J Kraus, Daniel Kraus
AIM: Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) is a novel regulator of energy homeostasis in adipose tissue. NNMT expression is higher in obese mice than in lean mice, and NNMT knockdown prevents diet-induced obesity. Little is known about the regulation of enzyme activity during the development of obesity. The aim of this study was to analyze NNMT activity in tissues of mice with incipient and established obesity. METHODS: A fluorescence-based, sensitive, low-volume, high-throughput method was developed to assay NNMT activity...
October 16, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035129/factors-influencing-the-outcome-from-ultrasonography-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-benign-thyroid-cysts-and-partially-cystic-thyroid-nodules-a-multicenter-study
#18
Hyun Kyung Lim, Dong Wook Kim, Jung Hwan Baek, Jung Yin Huh, Ji Hwa Ryu, Jin Yong Sung, Sung Hee Park
PURPOSE: The effect of ultrasonography (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) for the collapse of benign cystic thyroid nodules is still unclear. This study aimed to assess the positive response rate following US-FNA of the cystic component of thyroid cysts and of partially cystic thyroid nodules (PCTNs), and to evaluate the factors influencing the outcome. METHODS: From June to December 2013, seven radiologists at seven institutions prospectively performed US-FNA on 320 cystic thyroid nodules in 320 patients...
October 16, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028177/postmeal-increment-in-intact-glucagon-like-peptide-1-level-but-not-intact-glucose-dependent-insulinotropic-polypeptide-levels-is-inversely-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Soyeon Yoo, Eun-Jin Yang, Sang Ah Lee, Gwanpyo Koh
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Recently glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists proved to be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes. We investigated the association of blood incretin levels with metabolic syndrome in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 334 people with type 2 diabetes. Intact GLP-1 (iGLP-1) and intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (iGIP) levels were measured in a fasted state and 30 min after ingestion of a standard mixed meal...
October 13, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972408/role-of-sclerostin-and-dkk1-in-bone-remodeling-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#20
Na Wang, Peng Xue, Xuelun Wu, Jianxia Ma, Yan Wang, Yukun Li
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the role of sclerostin and dkk1 in the bone metabolism of type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 95 inpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We divided the patients into three groups (i.e., the normal bone mineral density (BMD) group, osteopenia group and osteoporosis group) based on their different BMD levels and measured the serum levels of sclerostin, dkk1, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3), bone turnover markers and other biochemical data in each group...
October 3, 2017: Endocrine Research
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