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Endocrine Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979896/growth-hormone-therapy-in-children-with-idiopathic-short-stature-the-effect-on-appetite-and-appetite-regulating-hormones-a-pilot-study
#1
Michal Yackobovitch-Gavan, Galia Gat-Yablonski, Biana Shtaif, Shir Hadani, Shiran Abargil, Moshe Phillip, Liora Lazar
AIM: To investigate the effect of growth hormone (GH) therapy on appetite-regulating hormones and to examine the association between these hormones and the response to GH, body composition, and resting energy expenditure (REE). METHODS: Nine pre-pubertal children with idiopathic short stature underwent a standard meal test before and 4 months following initiation of GH treatment. Ghrelin, GLP-1, leptin, and insulin levels were measured; area under the curve (AUC) was calculated...
July 6, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877745/osteoprotegerin-increases-parallel-to-insulin-resistance-in-obese-adolescents
#2
Eleni P Kotanidou, Christos P Kotanidis, Styliani Giza, Anastasios Serbis, Vasiliki-Regina Tsinopoulou, Paraskevi Karalazou, Georgios Tzimagiorgis, Assimina Galli-Tsinopoulou
Purpose/Aim of the Study: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is an α tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily glucoprotein that acts as a decoy receptor for the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), exerting an antiresoptive bone effect. It was recently shown that OPG/RANKL axis is activated during vascular calcification, contributing to atherosclerotic lesions formation. Additionally, OPG levels are charachterized as an independent risk factor for overall vascular mortality in obese adults. We aimed to investigate OPG levels in children/adolescents with obesity and explore possible relations with obesity-related insulin resistance (IR)...
June 7, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787340/correlation-between-thyroidal-and-peripheral-blood-total-t-cells-cd8-t-cells-and-cd8-t-regulatory-cells-and-t-cell-reactivity-to-calsequestrin-and-collagen-xiii-in-patients-with-graves-ophthalmopathy
#3
Farah Al-Ansari, Hooshang Lahooti, Leanne Stokes, Senarath Edirimanne, Jack Wall
Purpose/aim of the study: Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is closely related to the thyroid autoimmune disorder Graves' disease. Previous studies have suggested roles for thyroidal CD8+  T cells and autoimmunity against calsequestrin-1 (CASQ)-1 in the link between thyroidal and orbital autoimmune reactions in GO. A role for autoimmunity against CollXIII has also been suggested. In this study, we aimed to investigate correlations between some thyroidal and peripheral blood T-cell subsets and thyroidal T-cell reactivity against CASQ1 and CollXIII in patients with GO...
May 22, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781744/endurance-training-alters-ykl40-perm1-and-hsp70-skeletal-muscle-protein-contents-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Christian Brinkmann, Anika Kuckertz, Thorsten Schiffer, Wilhelm Bloch, Hans-Georg Predel, Klara Brixius
BACKGROUND: The fight against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is tremendously challenging. This pilot study investigates whether endurance training (3 times per week for 3 months, moderate intensity) can change the skeletal muscle protein contents of chitinase-3-like protein-1 (YKL40), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor y coactivator-1 and estrogen-related receptor-induced regulator in muscle-1 (PERM1) and heat-shock protein-70 (HSP70), which have been discussed as novel therapeutically relevant targets...
May 21, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768065/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-adiposity-and-macronutrient-balance-in-a-healthy-pregnant-population-with-overweight-and-obesity
#5
Elizabeth F Sutton, Christopher D Morrison, Jacqueline M Stephens, Leanne M Redman
AIM OF THE STUDY: The regulation and actions of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) are responsive to energy status and macronutrient balance, and investigations of FGF21 in normal pregnancy, which could be informative for FGF21 biology, are seldom. The goal of our study was to examine FGF21 levels in a contemporary healthy, pregnant population. METHODS: We phenotyped 43 women with overweight and obesity during pregnancy for weight, body composition, and fasting blood...
May 16, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733702/a-new-type-of-familial-partial-lipodystrophy-distinctive-fat-distribution-and-proteinuria
#6
Banu Yurekli, Nilufer Ozdemir Kutbay, Canan Altay, Sadiye Mehtat Unlu, Sait Sen, Huseyin Onay, Tahir Atik, Baris Akinci
PURPOSE: To describe an interesting subtype of familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD). METHODS: The phenotype of this distinctive FPLD subtype was studied in three Turkish female siblings. RESULTS: Mutation testing was negative for the genes associated with lipodystrophy syndromes. In MRI studies, fat loss was prominent in the posterior aspects of the proximal lower limbs, whilst some fat was preserved in the anterior, medial and lateral aspects...
May 7, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733698/age-associated-increase-of-thyroid-hormone-receptor-%C3%AE-gene-promoter-methylation-coexists-with-decreased-gene-expression
#7
Eliza Pawlik-Pachucka, Monika Budzinska, Zofia Wicik, Anna Domaszewska-Szostek, Magdalena Owczarz, Malgorzata Roszkowska-Gancarz, Magdalena Gewartowska, Monika Puzianowska-Kuznicka
PURPOSE: It is not established if healthy aging of the thyroid axis is associated with alterations other than changes in hormone secretion. METHODS: The expression of thyroid hormone receptor β gene (THRB) was analyzed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from young, elderly, and long-lived individuals. The interaction between the 3'UTR of TRβ1 mRNA and selected miRNAs was measured using pmirGLO reporter vector. Methylation of the THRB CpG island was analyzed using methylation-sensitive restriction/RT-PCR and bisulfite sequencing methods...
May 7, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400579/occult-urolithiasis-in-asymptomatic-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#8
Yu-Kwang Donovan Tay, Minghao Liu, Leonardo Bandeira, Mariana Bucovsky, James A Lee, Shonni J Silverberg, Marcella D Walker
OBJECTIVE: Recent international guidelines suggest renal imaging to detect occult urolithiasis in all patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), but data regarding their prevalence and associated risk factors are limited. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors for occult urolithiasis. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 96 asymptomatic PHPT patients from a university hospital in the United States with and without occult nephrolithiasis...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381079/impact-of-admission-serum-calcium-levels-on-mortality-in-hospitalized-patients
#9
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Michael A Mao, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Ankit Sakhuja, Stephen B Erickson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between admission serum calcium levels and in-hospital mortality in all hospitalized patients. METHODS: All adult hospitalized patients who had admission serum calcium levels available between years 2009 and 2013 were enrolled. Admission serum calcium was categorized based on its distribution into six groups (<7.9, 7.9 to <8.4, 8.4 to <9.0, 9.0 to <9.6, 9.6 to <10.1, and ≥10.1 mg/dL). The odds ratio (OR) of in-hospital mortality by admission serum calcium, using the calcium category of 9...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319359/secondary-and-tertiary-preventions-of-thyroid-disease
#10
Fereidoun Azizi, Ladan Mehran, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Hossein Delshad, Atieh Amouzegar
INTRODUCTION: Secondary and tertiary preventions are concerned with the recognition of the disease process in a very early stage and delay in progression to complete disease and minimization of complications and the impact of illness. METHODS: All articles related to secondary and tertiary prevention of thyroid diseases were reviewed. Using related key words, articles published between 2001 and 2015 were evaluated, categorized, and analyzed. RESULTS: In secondary prevention, congenital hypothyroidism and subclinical hypo and hyperthyroidism are equally important...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308936/all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-associated-with-sulphonylurea-and-metformin-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes
#11
Sorin Ioacara, Cristian Guja, Aura Reghina, Sorina Martin, Anca Sirbu, Simona Fica
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that cumulative exposure to sulphonylurea (SU) or metformin (MET) have different effects on mortality when taken as a replacement or add-on of one for the other. METHODS: All consecutive diabetes patients aged over 20 years were screened at their first diabetes outpatient visit between 2001 and 2008 (n = 79869). Only patients on MET (n = 11374) or SU (n = 18502) monotherapy were retained. All patients were followed up for death until December 31, 2011, but censored at first exposure to anything else besides MET/SU...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300115/association-between-anemia-at-three-different-time-points-and-new-onset-diabetes-after-kidney-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Alon Grossman, Irit Ayalon-Dangur, Lisa Cooper, Tzippy Shohat, Ruth Rahamimov, Eytan Mor, Anat Gafter-Gvili
PURPOSE: Anemia has been reported to be associated with diabetes, but the association between new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) and anemia has not been reported. METHODS: Patients who underwent kidney transplantation and did not have diabetes prior to transplantation were included in this study. Hemoglobin levels and the prevalence of anemia (hemoglobin <12 g/dL in females and <13 g/dL in males) were evaluated at three time points (prior to transplantation, 6 months following transplantation or 1 month before the development of NODAT, 2 years following transplantation, or following the development of NODAT) and were compared between those who developed NODAT and those who did not...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192796/the-effect-of-weight-loss-on-body-composition-serum-bone-markers-and-adipokines-in-prepubertal-obese-children-after-1-year-intervention
#13
Joanna Gajewska, Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz, Witold Klemarczyk, Magdalena Chełchowska, Halina Weker, Katarzyna Szamotulska
Purpose/Aim: The influence of weight loss on bone turnover and bone quality in childhood remains controversial, but it may implicate interactions between adiposity and bone metabolism. Therefore, we studied the relationships between bone markers and adipokines during weight loss in obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined serum leptin, soluble leptin receptor, adiponectin, bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I), osteocalcin (OC), carboxylated-OC (Gla-OC), undercarboxylated-OC (Glu-OC), sclerostin, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD) in 40 obese prepubertal children before and after therapy...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083246/reduced-insulin-sensitivity-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-patients-with-suppressed-tsh
#14
Thaís Gomes De Melo, Aglecio Luiz Souza, Elizabeth Ficher, Arlete Maria Fernandes, Ligia Vera Montali Da Assumpção, Sarah Monte Alegre, Denise Engelbrecht Zantut-Wittmann
OBJECTIVE: TSH-suppression is a therapy for thyroid cancer management, but it may lead to adverse effects, which should be balanced with its benefits. Previous studies evaluating the consequences of TSH suppression on insulin sensitivity have only been done with indirect techniques, and results were controversial. Therefore, we aimed to assess insulin sensitivity in patients with thyroid cancer and suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with the most appropriate direct method (hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp) in order to get a more conclusive response about the topic...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035129/factors-influencing-the-outcome-from-ultrasonography-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-benign-thyroid-cysts-and-partially-cystic-thyroid-nodules-a-multicenter-study
#15
Hyun Kyung Lim, Dong Wook Kim, Jung Hwan Baek, Jung Yin Huh, Ji Hwa Ryu, Jin Yong Sung, Sung Hee Park
PURPOSE: The effect of ultrasonography (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) for the collapse of benign cystic thyroid nodules is still unclear. This study aimed to assess the positive response rate following US-FNA of the cystic component of thyroid cysts and of partially cystic thyroid nodules (PCTNs), and to evaluate the factors influencing the outcome. METHODS: From June to December 2013, seven radiologists at seven institutions prospectively performed US-FNA on 320 cystic thyroid nodules in 320 patients...
May 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652557/skeletal-response-to-treatment-with-teriparatide-tpd-after-bisphosphonate-in-post-menopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-and-a-high-prevalence-of-secondary-risk-factors-in-real-life-setting-of-a-metabolic-bone-clinic-effect-of-age-and-vitamin-d-status
#16
J Mok, C Brown, A E B Moore, S S Min, G Hampson
PURPOSE: Teriparatide (TPD) is a skeletal anabolic agent used in patients with severe post-menopausal osteoporosis (PMO) and steroid-induced osteoporosis who are at hish risk of fracture. Predictors of therapeutic response to teriparatide in real-life setting are not well characterised. We investigated potential factors associated with teriparatide response in post-menopausal women with established osteoporosis. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective survey of 48 women, aged 73...
April 13, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648902/diagnostic-evaluation-in-steroid-induced-myopathy-case-report-suggesting-clinical-utility-of-quantitative-muscle-ultrasonography
#17
Marco Alessandro Minetto, Cristina Caresio, Valentina D'Angelo, Fabio Lanfranco, Lucia Ghizzoni, Silvestro Roatta, Emanuela Arvat, Santosh Kesari
PURPOSE: We present a patient with adrenal Cushing's syndrome causing steroid myopathy. The purpose of the case report is to illustrate the clinical usefulness of quantitative muscle ultrasonography for the assessment of glucocorticoid-induced changes in muscle mass (MM) and structure. METHODS: Assessments of physical performance, muscle strength, MM (i.e., total body skeletal MM, appendicular skeletal MM, and thickness of lower limb muscles), and muscle structure (i...
April 12, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630425/suppressive-effects-of-metformin-on-t-helper-1-related-chemokines-expression-in-the-human-monocytic-leukemia-cell-line-thp-1
#18
Yen-Chun Chen, Chang-Hung Kuo, Ying-Ming Tsai, Yi-Ching Lin, Hui-Pin Hsiao, Bai-Hsiun Chen, Yi-Ting Chen, Shih-Ling Wang, Chih-Hsing Hung
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are chronic T-cell-mediated inflammatory diseases. Metformin is a widely used drug for type 2 DM that reduces the need for insulin in type 1 DM. However, whether metformin has an anti-inflammatory effect for treating DM is unknown. We investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of metformin in the human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 was pretreated with metformin and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
April 9, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630414/effects-of-intracerebroventricularly-injected-glucagon-like-peptide-2-on-ethanol-induced-gastric-mucosal-damage-in-rats
#19
Naciye Isbil-Buyukcoskun, Betul Cam, Guldal Gulec Suyen, Kasim Ozluk
PURPOSE: The present study aims to investigate the effects of intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.)-injected glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage and to reveal the mechanisms involved in this effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats received absolute ethanol orally via an orogastric tube 30 minutes after GLP-2 (1-200 ng/10 µl; i.c.v.) or saline (10 µl) injections. They were decapitated 1 hour later, their stomachs were removed, and the gastric mucosal damage was scored...
April 9, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624091/excess-visceral-adiposity-is-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-in-a-multiethnic-asian-cohort-with-longstanding-type-2-diabetes
#20
Angela Moh, Kumari Neelam, Xiao Zhang, Chee Fang Sum, Subramaniam Tavintharan, Keven Ang, Simon Biing Ming Lee, Wern Ee Tang, Su Chi Lim
Purpose/Aim: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common diabetic microvascular complication, and it typically develops after 10 years of diabetes diagnosis. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the association between adiposity and DR susceptibility among individuals with longstanding type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, DR was assessed by fundus photography in 953 T2D subjects. DR prevalence by categories of T2D duration was evaluated...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine Research
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