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Annals of Dyslexia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30617942/elementary-teacher-s-knowledge-of-response-to-intervention-implementation-a-preliminary-factor-analysis
#1
Stephanie Al Otaiba, Kristi Baker, Patrick Lan, Jill Allor, Brenna Rivas, Paul Yovanoff, Akihito Kamata
In the USA, many states have adopted response to intervention or multi-tiered systems of supports to provide early intervention. However, there is considerable variability in how states and schools implement RTI. Teachers are responsible for using student data from RTI to inform instructional decisions for students with or at risk for dyslexia, so it is necessary to understand the knowledge they have about the structure of RTI in their individual schools. This study reviews the results of an exploratory factor analysis of a survey aimed at measuring teachers' knowledge about RTI implementation and their understanding of RTI implementation within their school...
January 7, 2019: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30610578/knowledge-about-basic-language-constructs-among-teachers-of-english-as-a-foreign-language-in-china-and-south-korea
#2
Han Suk Bae, Li Yin, R Malatesha Joshi
The purpose of the present study is to explore cross-cultural differences among teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) on the basic language constructs and the impacts on their perceived teaching ability in English-reading instruction. Chinese EFL (n = 73) and Korean EFL (n = 39) teachers were administered the Reading Teacher Knowledge Survey for testing their implicit and explicit knowledge on phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, phonics, and morphological awareness; and their self-perceived teaching ability on teaching typical readers, struggling readers, phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and reading comprehension...
January 4, 2019: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30607816/expert-reading-coaching-via-technology-investigating-the-reading-writing-and-spelling-outcomes-of-students-in-grades-k-8-experiencing-significant-reading-learning-disabilities
#3
Beverly Weiser, Carolyn Buss, Ashley Parker Sheils, Elisa Gallegos, L Robin Murray
While qualitative research has shown great benefits for teachers who receive coaching, there is a paucity of experimental research examining students' academic outcomes after their teachers received ongoing support from a knowledgeable and experienced coach. Thus, a quasi-experimental design investigated the literacy outcomes of 452 students experiencing reading learning disabilities in grades K-8th whose special education and/or resource room teachers (n = 44) received student data-focused coaching support through on-site coaching, on-demand coaching (teachers could request support if needed), or through technology-based coaching...
January 3, 2019: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30607815/introduction-teacher-perception-self-efficacy-and-teacher-knowledge-relating-to-literacy
#4
EDITORIAL
R Malatesha Joshi, Kausalai Kay Wijekumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2019: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30607814/theory-and-reported-practice-in-efl-literacy-instruction-efl-teachers-perceptions-about-classroom-practices
#5
Stephanie Fuchs, Janina Kahn-Horwitz, Tami Katzir
Acquiring literacy in English as a foreign language (EFL) is important for language development. However, many students enter middle school without adequate EFL literacy skills. This may indicate a gap between EFL literacy instruction theory and the classroom practice that is occurring in elementary school classrooms. The aim of this study was to explore the components of EFL literacy instruction as perceived by teachers. The study investigated whether perceptions of classroom practices are theoretically based, thus shedding light on the gap between EFL literacy theory and practice...
January 3, 2019: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30607813/discovering-the-impact-of-reading-coursework-and-discipline-specific-mentorship-on-first-year-teachers-self-efficacy-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
Luxi Feng, Tracey S Hodges, Hersh C Waxman, R Malatesha Joshi
Teacher self-efficacy is critical because it predicts teachers' future behavior and impacts teacher turnover. Most teachers begin their career with moderate to high self-efficacy for teaching, but often experience a sharp decline during the first year of teaching. After the first year, their self-efficacy begins to increase but rarely rises to the level it was prior to beginning teaching. Therefore, examining first-year teachers' self-efficacy is extremely important. Previous research generally depicts teachers as a homogeneous group, relying on variable-centered approaches and including self-efficacy as a scaling score, which may not be applicable at the individual level...
January 3, 2019: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30607812/etiology-of-teacher-knowledge-and-instructional-skills-for-literacy-at-the-upper-elementary-grades
#7
Kausalai Kay Wijekumar, Andrea L Beerwinkle, Karen R Harris, Steve Graham
The purpose of this research was to study the etiology of teacher knowledge about and factors that influence implementation of evidence-based reading and writing interventions at the upper elementary grade levels. Five data sources are used in this study: first, we used teacher surveys about their pre-service preparation on reading comprehension and literacy practices gathered during a recent cluster randomized control trial on a reading comprehension intervention conducted with 280 fourth and fifth-grade teachers and their classroom students...
January 3, 2019: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406510/are-predictors-of-reading-impairment-in-isolated-cleft-similar-to-those-in-idiopathic-dyslexia
#8
Amy Lynn Conrad
Children with isolated cleft of the lip and/or palate (iCL/P) are at increased risk for reading impairment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of early risk factors (hearing, speech, and early literacy) on reading performance compared to unaffected participants with average (uAR) and impaired (uIR) reading. Reading achievement and early literacy skills were evaluated across three groups (27 iCL/P, 32 uAR, and 33 uIR). All participants were males, ages 8-11 years old. Those with history of head trauma/injury or major medical/mental health conditions were excluded...
November 7, 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120702/cognitive-linguistic-profiles-of-chinese-typical-functioning-adolescent-dyslexics-and-high-functioning-dyslexics
#9
Kevin Kien Hoa Chung, Jason C M Lo, Catherine McBride
Dyslexia is a developmental disability affecting the acquisition of reading and writing skills, and its developmental nature makes longitudinal research of great importance. This study therefore investigated the cognitive-linguistic profiles of the typical-functioning dyslexics and high-functioning dyslexics with longitudinal cohorts of Chinese-speaking adolescents diagnosed with childhood dyslexia. These two dyslexic groups of fifty students (with 25 typical-functioning dyslexics) were assessed in Grade 2 (Time 1) and in Grade 8 (Time 2), whereas 25 typically developing controls were assessed at Time 2...
October 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094715/adult-perceptions-of-children-with-dyslexia-in-the-usa
#10
Anabel Castillo, Jeffrey W Gilger
This study examined adult perceptions of dyslexia among US adults. Participants (n = 623) answered survey questions pertaining to characteristics, views, and possible causes of DYS. Exploratory factor analysis revealed five distinct factors: (1) psychosocial causes, (2) external causes, (3) biological causes, (4) consequences, and (5) controllability. Three-way ANOVA's were conducted to determine the effects of ethnicity, gender, and parental status on how DYS was perceived. The results revealed ethnic, gender, and parental status differences...
October 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094714/influence-of-increased-letter-spacing-and-font-type-on-the-reading-ability-of-dyslexic-children
#11
Mirela Duranovic, Smajlagic Senka, Branka Babic-Gavric
Recent research studies have shown that increased letter spacing has a positive effect on the reading ability of dyslexic individuals. This study aims to investigate the effect of spacing on the readability of different fonts for children with and without dyslexia. Results did not support the hypothesis of better performance among children with dyslexia when reading text in Dyslexie than in other fonts. They, however, revealed that only spacing plays a role in enhancing dyslexic individuals' reading performance because Dyslexie and the Times New Roman interspaced font have no difference...
October 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998432/predictors-for-grade-6-reading-in-children-at-familial-risk-of-dyslexia
#12
Ellie R H van Setten, Britt E Hakvoort, Aryan van der Leij, Natasha M Maurits, Ben A M Maassen
The present study investigates whether grade 6 reading outcomes, reading fluency, and reading comprehension can be predicted by grade 3 reading fluency, familial risk of dyslexia (FR), and grade 3 reading related skills: rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), and vocabulary. In a sample of 150 children, of whom 83 had a parent with dyslexia, correlation and regression analyses were performed. FR, measured on a continuous scale, was by itself related to all outcomes. However, FR did not explain any variance on top of grade 3 reading fluency...
October 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907920/atypical-predictive-processing-during-visual-statistical-learning-in-children-with-developmental-dyslexia-an-event-related-potential-study
#13
Sonia Singh, Anne M Walk, Christopher M Conway
Previous research suggests that individuals with developmental dyslexia perform below typical readers on non-linguistic cognitive tasks involving the learning and encoding of statistical-sequential patterns. However, the neural mechanisms underlying such a deficit have not been well examined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the event-related potential (ERP) correlates of sequence processing in a sample of children diagnosed with dyslexia using a non-linguistic visual statistical learning paradigm...
July 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691707/the-multiple-deficit-model-of-dyslexia-what-does-it-mean-for-identification-and-intervention
#14
Jeremiah Ring, Jeffrey L Black
Research demonstrates that phonological skills provide the basis of reading acquisition and are a primary processing deficit in dyslexia. This consensus has led to the development of effective methods of reading intervention. However, a single phonological deficit is not sufficient to account for the heterogeneity of individuals with dyslexia, and recent research provides evidence that supports a multiple-deficit model of reading disorders. Two studies are presented that investigate (1) the prevalence of phonological and cognitive processing deficit profiles in children with significant reading disability and (2) the effects of those same phonological and cognitive processing skills on reading development in a sample of children that received treatment for dyslexia...
July 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511958/are-ran-deficits-in-university-students-with-dyslexia-due-to-defective-lexical-access-impaired-anchoring-or-slow-articulation
#15
George K Georgiou, Raabia Ghazyani, Rauno Parrila
The purpose of this study was to examine different hypotheses in relation to RAN deficits in dyslexia. Thirty university students with dyslexia and 32 chronological-age controls were assessed on RAN Digits and Colors as well as on two versions of RAN Letters and Objects (one with five items repeated 16 times and one with 20 items repeated four times). In addition, participants were tested on discrete letter and object naming, phonological awareness, orthographic knowledge, and speed of processing, and the RAN Letters and Objects total times were partitioned into pause times and articulation times...
July 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931552/spatial-selective-attention-and-asynchrony-of-cognitive-systems-in-adult-dyslexic-readers-an-erps-and-behavioral-study
#16
Shay Menashe
The aim of this study was to gain additional knowledge about the asynchrony phenomenon in developmental dyslexia, especially when spatial selective attention is manipulated. Adults with developmental dyslexia and non-impaired readers underwent two experimental tasks, one including alphabetic stimuli (pre-lexical consonant-vowel syllables) and the other containing non-alphabetic stimuli (pictures and sounds of animals). Participants were instructed to attend to the right or left hemifields and to respond to all stimuli on that hemifield...
June 21, 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872949/predicting-reading-disabilities-using-dynamic-assessment-of-decoding-before-and-after-the-onset-of-reading-instruction-a-longitudinal-study-from-kindergarten-through-grade-2
#17
Anna S Gellert, Carsten Elbro
The present study examined the predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding in which participants are taught three novel letters and how to synthesize the corresponding letter sounds into new words. One version of this dynamic test was administered to 158 kindergarten children before the onset of formal reading instruction along with traditional predictors of reading. Similarly, a parallel version of the dynamic test was administered to the same children after a few months of formal reading instruction...
June 5, 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616459/implicit-sequence-learning-is-preserved-in-dyslexic-children
#18
Filomena Inácio, Luís Faísca, Christian Forkstam, Susana Araújo, Inês Bramão, Alexandra Reis, Karl Magnus Petersson
This study investigates the implicit sequence learning abilities of dyslexic children using an artificial grammar learning task with an extended exposure period. Twenty children with developmental dyslexia participated in the study and were matched with two control groups-one matched for age and other for reading skills. During 3 days, all participants performed an acquisition task, where they were exposed to colored geometrical forms sequences with an underlying grammatical structure. On the last day, after the acquisition task, participants were tested in a grammaticality classification task...
April 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476315/bias-in-dyslexia-screening-in-a-dutch-multicultural-population
#19
Anick Verpalen, Fons Van de Vijver, Ad Backus
We set out to address the adequacy of dyslexia screening in Dutch and non-western immigrant children, using the Dutch Dyslexia Screening Test (DST-NL) and outcomes of the Dutch dyslexia protocol, both of which are susceptible to cultural bias. Using the protocol as standard, we conducted an ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristics) analysis in Dutch and immigrant third, fifth, and seventh graders, combining a cross-sectional and longitudinal design. Sensitivity and specificity increased with grade, but were non-significant for various subtests in the lowest grade, suggesting considerable non-convergence between the two measures...
April 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230655/elegant-grapheme-phoneme-correspondence-a-periodic-chart-and-singularity-generalization-unify-decoding
#20
Louis Gates
The accompanying article introduces highly transparent grapheme-phoneme relationships embodied within a Periodic table of decoding cells, which arguably presents the quintessential transparent decoding elements. The study then folds these cells into one highly transparent but simply stated singularity generalization-this generalization unifies the decoding cells (97% transparency). Deeper, the periodic table and singularity generalization together highlight the connectivity of the periodic cells. Moreover, these interrelated cells, coupled with the singularity generalization, clarify teaching targets and enable efficient learning of the letter-sound code...
April 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
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