journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Minerva Endocrinologica

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990742/autoimmune-endocrine-diseases
#1
Rosaria M Ruggeri, Giuseppe Giuffrida, Alfredo Campennì
The endocrine system is interested by several autoimmune diseases, characterized by different impact and severity, according to the organs involved. Autoimmune thyroid disorders (i.e. Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease) and type 1 diabetes mellitus are the most common autoimmune endocrine disorders, while hypophysitis, adrenalitis (90% of cases of primary hypocortisolism or Addison's disease), premature ovarian failure and hypoparathyroidism represent quite rare conditions. Autoimmune endocrine diseases can also coexist in the same individuals and cluster in families...
October 9, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990741/post-transplant-diabetes-diagnosis-and-management
#2
Brian P Boerner, Vijay Shivaswamy, Eric Wolatz, Jennifer Larsen
Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is common after most types of solid organ transplantation, though the actual incidence is as yet unknown because of the use of different diagnostic criteria. PTDM is the result of individual risk factors as well as risk factors associated with the transplant itself, particularly immunosuppressants. Previously called New Onset Diabetes, in many cases inadequate screening for diabetes before transplant cannot assure that the diabetes is new after transplant. The most recent international consensus guidelines suggest diagnosis should be delayed until the patient is taking maintenance doses of immunosuppressants even if they require treatment in the immediate hospitalization...
October 9, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949124/diagnosis-and-management-of-zollinger-ellison-syndrome-in-2017
#3
Claudio DE Angelis, Pablo Cortegoso Valdivia, Ludovica Venezia, Mauro Bruno, Rinaldo Pellicano
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome (ZES) is a clinical syndrome characterized by gastric acid hypersecretion due to the ectopic secretion of gastrin by a gastrinoma, a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) which mostly develops in the duodenum and in the pancreas. This syndrome was first described by Zollinger and Ellison in 1964; if left untreated, ZES can lead to multiple complications mainly due to gastric hypersecretion and some patients can suffer from the complications of an advanced metastatic disease. Although its clinical features are considered typical, the diagnosis of ZES is often challenging for the clinician...
September 25, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949123/endocrine-and-neuroendocrine-cytopathology
#4
Massimo Bongiovanni, Stefano LA Rosa, Gerasimos P Sykiotis
Cytology is an easily accessible, cost-effective and safe procedure for the initial evaluation of most endocrine/neuroendocrine lesions. Both fine-needle aspiration cytology and exfoliative cytology have shown good sensitivity and specificity in detecting endocrine/neuroendocrine benign proliferations and malignancies. Thanks to its utility for early diagnosis, cytology has contributed to the decline in mortality of endocrine/neuroendocrine neoplasms. The endocrine system comprises different endocrine organs, such as the thyroid, adrenal glands, paraganglia, parathyroid, pancreas, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ovaries and testes, which can give rise to non-neoplastic, benign and malignant proliferations...
September 25, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949122/role-of-positron-emission-tomography-in-thyroid-and-neuroendocrine-tumours
#5
Giorgio Treglia, Alexander S Kroiss, Arnoldo Piccardo, Filippo Lococo, Prasanna Santhanam, Alessio Imperiale
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) is an established imaging method in oncology. PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) and PET/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) are hybrid techniques which combine morphological information obtained by CT and MRI with functional data provided by PET. Several radiotracers evaluating different metabolic pathways or receptor status can be used as PET radiotracers to assess endocrine tumours such as thyroid tumours or neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs)...
September 25, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949121/parathyroid-carcinoma-a-clinical-and-genetic-perspective
#6
Filomena Cetani, Elena Pardi, Claudio Marcocci
Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is a rare neoplasia difficult to diagnose preoperatively. It mainly occurs as a sporadic disease but also as part of familial PHPT. At variance with patients with the benign counterpart, the phenotype of these patients is characterized by a severe primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). The clinical features are mostly due to the effects of the excessive secretion of PTH by the functioning tumor and hypercalcemia rather than to the tumor burden. The prognosis is poor and unmanageable hypercalcemia accounts for death in the majority of cases...
September 25, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895681/how-to-complete-gastroduodenal-protection-in-patients-with-bleeding-risk
#7
Marilena Durazzo, Sharmila Fagoonee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880059/evaluation-of-somatic-genomic-imbalances-in-thyroid-carcinomas-of-follicular-origin-by-cgh-based-approaches
#8
Federica Baldan, Catia Mio, Lorenzo Allegri, Nadia Passon, Saverio M Lepore, Diego Russo, Giuseppe Damante
INTRODUCTION: Application of distinct technologies of cancer genome analysis has provided important information for the molecular characterization of several human neoplasia, including follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma. Among them, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH)-based procedures have been extensively applied to evaluate genomic imbalances present in these tumours, obtaining data leading to an increase in the understanding of their complexity and diversity. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In this review, after a brief overview of the most commonly used CGH-based technichs, we will describe the major results deriving from the most influential studies in the literature which used this approach to investigate the genomic aberrations of thyroid cancer cells...
September 7, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880058/acromegaly-and-bone
#9
Filippo Maffezzoni, Anna M Formenti
INTRODUCTION: Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) have pleiotropic effects on the skeleton throughout the lifespan by influencing bone formation and resorption. Despite these positive effects on skeletal metabolism, in presence of GH and IGF-1 excess, bone turnover increases excessively leading to deterioration of bone microarchitecture and high risk of fragility fractures, thereby impairing quality of life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Coexistent hypogonadism, diabetes mellitus, hypovitaminosis D, hyperparathyroidism and over-replacement with glucocorticoids impair bone framework, however, the effects of acromegaly on bone mineral density (BMD) are still controversial and despite normalization of bone turnover after treatment, the risk for fractures remains increased...
September 7, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880057/a-comparative-study-of-the-levels-of-thyroid-hormones-and-antithyroid-antibodies-in-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-pregnant-patients-with-diabetes
#10
Chengkai Xu, Zhenjian Zhang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the levels of thyroid hormone and antithyroid antibodies and their relationship with pregnancy outcome in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and diabetic patients. METHODS: Fifty patients with GDM and 50 pregnant patients with diabetes were selected. Their levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin, FT3, FT4, TGab, TSH, TPOab were measured until parturition. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the age, gestational age, weight, FBG and glycosylated hemoglobin between the two groups (P>0...
September 7, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880056/ultrasound-and-ultrasound-related-techniques-in-endocrine-diseases
#11
Pierpaolo Trimboli, Christoph F Dietrich, Emanuele David, Giampiero Mastroeni, Orazio Ventura Spagnolo, Paul S Sidhu, Claudio Letizia, Daniela Messineo, Ferdinando D'Ambrosio, Maija Radzina, Vito Cantisani
Ultrasound examination has become essential to evaluate morphology and size of several endocrine glands and detect the presence of lesions within these organs. Nevertheless, with the recent advances of ultrasound technology, we have opportunity to correlate the echostructure of thyroid, ovary, testis, parathyroids, etc. to their function. Thus, the ultrasound systems are in-office essential instruments for many clinical specialists. Herein we presented the most updated information about the use of ultrasound in specific endocrine-related issues, such as thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal gland, and testicle...
September 5, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750490/secondary-adrenal-insufficiency-from-the-physiopathology-to-the-possible-role-of-modified-release-hydrocortisone-treatment
#12
Rosa M Paragliola, Salvatore M Corsello
Central adrenal insufficiency represents a life-threatening disorder that results from a reduced cortisol production due to an impairment production of adrenocorticotropic hormone. In particular, secondary AI results from pituitary disease that impedes the release of ACTH, while tertiary adrenal insufficiency is caused from an impaired synthesis of corticotropin-releasing hormone. Central adrenal insufficiency has an estimated prevalence of 150-280 per million, resulting more common than primary AI. Prompt diagnosis and management of this condition is crucial, but the diagnostic investigation can often be challenging, in particular in cases of recent onset of secondary adrenal insufficiency...
July 27, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914044/how-many-patients-with-tir3-fna-really-have-a-thyroid-neoplasm
#13
Angela Pezzolla, Serafina Lattarulo, Andrea Madaro, Giovanni Docimo, Emanuela Lacalendola, Francesco Prete, Rinaldo Marzaioli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914043/decrease-in-size-and-activity-of-parathyroid-adenoma-after-ultrasound-guided-biopsy
#14
Cristina Ogrin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462578/ameliorating-dyslipidemia-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-by-femoropopliteal-artery-plaque-resection-under-acute-inflammation-response
#15
Jianming Guo, Ying Liu, Zhiwan Cai, Shuwen Zhang, Yongquan Gu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322537/what-is-new-in-2017-update-on-fertility-preservation-in-cancer-patients
#16
Katharina Winkler-Crepaz, Bettina Böttcher, Bettina Toth, Ludwig Wildt, Susanne Hofer-Tollinger
The prevention of fertility loss due to cancer treatment as well as non-malignant causes has been gaining importance over the last few decades. Clinically applied modalities for fertility preservation in cancer patients include cryopreservation of oocytes and embryos, the application of GnRH agonists, ovarian tissue banking, and cryopreservation of ejaculated or surgically extracted sperm. In addition, several new possibilities to restore fertility are currently being investigated, such as the establishment of in-vitro culture systems for gonadal tissue, the development of artificial gonads, and the application of germline stem cells...
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181780/diagnosis-treatment-clinical-course-and-prognosis-of-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma-patients
#17
Hermann L Müller
For decades gross-total resection was the preferred treatment option in childhood-onset craniopharyngioma, assuming that radical strategies at the time of initial diagnosis and treatment would result in cure. Recent reports on long-term prognosis, novel treatment approaches, and molecular genetics provide new insights into more risk-adapted treatment strategies in order to prevent sequelae such as hypothalamic syndrome. A search for original articles published between 2000 and 2016 was performed in PubMed, Science Citation Index Expanded, EMBASE and Scopus...
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146139/is-cardiovascular-risk-in-women-with-pcos-a-real-risk-current-insights
#18
Georgios Papadakis, Eleni Kandaraki, Olga Papalou, Andromachi Vryonidou, Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive aged women. PCOS incorporates not only symptoms related to the reproductive system but also a clustering of systemic metabolic abnormalities that are linked with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). More specifically, metabolic aberrations such as impaired glucose and lipid metabolism, accompanied by increased low-grade inflammation as well as elevated coagulation factors appear to contribute to the increased cardiovascular risk...
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092147/should-serum-calcitonin-be-routinely-measured-in-patients-presenting-with-thyroid-nodule
#19
William P Tormey, Brendan Byrne, Arnold D Hill, Mark Sherlock, Christopher J Thompson
BACKGROUND: The European Thyroid Association recommends serum calcitonin measurement in thyroid nodule cases. In contrast, the American Thyroid Association is ambivalent. In this institution, thyroid nodules cases are subject to a multidisciplinary evaluation of the clinical history and examination, ultrasound and scintigraphy, CT scan and sometimes MRI scan, biochemistry and histopathology of biopsies. We report on the current use of plasma calcitonin measurements in the context of changing practice which has not included screening of all thyroid nodules...
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792215/an-update-on-the-metabolic-syndrome-s-epigenomic-risk
#20
Rosa A Perricone, Antonio Pizzuti
The primitive genome's and the individual phenotype's modifications by epigenetic surveys are crucial to evaluate the metabolic syndrome risk and its prevention. Through the most recent surveys, this analysis aimed to several processes by which the various epigenetic types, who are different from one to another subject, may act on the metabolism key-genes, like that they even indirectly arouse the straight onset of one or more metabolic syndromes: the risk of passing this syndrome to next offspring is more or less high...
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
journal
journal
28797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"