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Clinics in Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938818/acral-manifestations-of-contact-dermatitis
#1
Haider K Bangash, Vesna Petronic-Rosic
Contact dermatitis is a broad term that encompasses both nonimmunologic irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) and immunologically mediated allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Both ICD and ACD can negatively affect a patient's quality of life and are a source of exorbitant medical and societal costs. Avoidance of inciting irritants and/or allergens and liberal use of emollients or humectants are the cornerstone of therapy. When an allergic cause is suspected, patch testing is highly encouraged. In this contribution, we highlight both the commonalities and differences of acral contact dermatitis as it relates to specific regions of the body...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938817/acral-manifestations-of-soft-tissue-tumors
#2
Kristen M Paral, Vesna Petronic-Rosic
This group of biologically diverse entities is united by topographic localization to the hands and feet. Categorizing tumors by body site narrows the differential into a short list of possibilities that can facilitate accurate and rapid diagnosis. The goal of this review is to provide a practical approach to soft tissue tumors of acral locations for clinicians, pathologists, and researchers alike. What ensues in the following text is that tight coupling of the clinical picture and histopathologic findings should produce the correct diagnosis, or at least an abbreviated differential...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938816/acral-manifestations-of-sweet-syndrome-neutrophilic-dermatosis-of-the-hands
#3
Ronni Wolf, Yalçın Tüzün
Neutrophilic dermatosis of the hand (NDH) is a rare localized variant of the syndrome, originally described two decades ago by Strutton et al. The lesions of NDH and Sweet syndrome are similar, as indicated in the first report of NDH. Both diagnoses are characterized by an acute onset of fever, leukocytosis, and tender, erythematous infiltrated plaques. There are also bullae and ulceration in NDH, in contrast to Sweet syndrome, in which bullae are quite uncommon, especially at the early stages. Similar to Sweet syndrome, the majority of NDH patients are women (69%)...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938815/acrally-distributed-dermatoses-vascular-dermatoses-purpura-and-vasculitis
#4
Jana Kazandjieva, Dimitar Antonov, Jivko Kamarashev, Nikolai Tsankov
Purpuric lesions appear in acral distribution in a variety of conditions and often provide clues to the clinical diagnosis. Purpuric means "hemorrhagic"-that is, the lesions do not blanch from pressure. This review focuses on dermatoses that produce hemorrhagic lesions in acral distribution from the large groups of the vasculitic diseases and their mimics. Cutaneous small vessel vasculitis is confined to the skin, involves mainly postcapillary venules, and has the hallmark manifestation of palpable purpura...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938814/acrodermatitis-caused-by-nutritional-deficiency-and-metabolic-disorders
#5
Nikita Lakdawala, Jane M Grant-Kels
Both the metabolism and dietary intake of vitamins and minerals are essential to homeostatic function in the body. Dietary excess or deficiency, as well as genetic and acquired disorders in metabolism, can present dermatologically and systemically. More specifically, disorders in metabolism of zinc, biotin, essential fatty acids, and vitamin B, can appear with acrally distributed dermatoses. Recognition of the dermatologic manifestations associated with nutritional disorders is important for early diagnosis and management...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938813/acral-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-drug-induced-and-infectious-diseases
#6
Stefano Caccavale, Eleonora Ruocco
Drug reactions and systemic diseases often involve the skin. In particular, most drug-induced reactions and many infectious diseases present with dermatologic manifestations localized acrally, that is on distal portions of limbs (hand, foot) and head (ears, nose). A detailed review of all acral dermatologic signs of drug reactions and systemic diseases is beyond the scope of this paper, although some of these disorders will be discussed specifically here.
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938812/acral-manifestations-of-paraneoplastic-and-collagen-vascular-diseases
#7
Ülker Gül
The skin often signals a number of systemic disease, making skin findings of paramount significance. Paraneoplastic diseases and collagen vascular diseases are vitally important illnesses. Paraneoplastic diseases and collagen vascular diseases may also occur with many different acral skin findings. Paraneoplastic skin diseases, associated with some cancers, are by definition nonmalignant skin disorders. These diseases can occur before, simultaneously, or after the diagnosis of cancer. Acral paraneoplastic diseases include acanthosis nigricans maligna, acquired pachydermatoglyphia, acrokeratosis paraneoplastica, palmoplantar keratoderma, and paraneoplastic nail disorders...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938811/acral-manifestations-of-viral-infections
#8
Esra Adışen, Meltem Önder
Viruses are considered intracellular obligates with a nucleic acid RNA or DNA. They have the ability to encode proteins involved in viral replication and production of the protective coat within the host cells but require host cell ribosomes and mitochondria for translation. The members of the families Herpesviridae, Poxviridae, Papovaviridae, and Picornaviridae are the most commonly known agents for cutaneous viral diseases, but other virus families, such as Adenoviridae, Togaviridae, Parvoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Flaviviridae, and Hepadnaviridae, can also infect the skin...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938810/occupational-acral-dermatitis-and-where-the-twain-shall-meet
#9
Ronni Wolf, Lawrence Charles Parish, Yalçın Tüzün
This contribution, which is somewhat of a departure from the usual format, will focus on dermatologic conditions that are consequences of the patients' choices of employment, hobby, or even other forms of recreation. Most of the cutaneous changes involve the hands and feet, and each is labeled according to the anatomic location.
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938809/acral-manifestations-of-fungal-infections
#10
Zekayi Kutlubay, Gürkan Yardımcı, A Serda Kantarcıoğlu, Server Serdaroğlu
Fungal infections, which are named according to the body site involved, can affect any skin area, the fingernails, or the toenails. Numerous fungal agents are responsible for both superficial and deep fungal diseases. Dermatophytes and Candida spp are the most common causative organisms on the surface of the hands, feet, and nails of patients with superficial fungal diseases; however, although deep fungal infections of the skin are less common compared with superficial fungal diseases, their incidence is increasing worldwide due to cross-border travel...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938808/palmoplantar-psoriasis
#11
Burhan Engin, Özge Aşkın, Yalçın Tüzün
Palmoplantar psoriasis refers to a localized psoriasis variant. The disease can be associated with many clinical forms, including predominantly pustular lesions to thick scaly, hyperkeratotic plaques, or an overlapping of both of them. Palmoplantar psoriasis accounts for 3-4% of all psoriasis cases in most studies. Although it is localized only on the palms and the soles, the fissures, the hardening of the tissue, and hyperkeratosis affect daily routine activities. Taking the body surface area as a measure of severity can sometimes be misleading...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938807/categorization-of-and-comments-on-isomorphic-and-isotopic-skin-reactions
#12
Stefano Caccavale, Ajith Prasanna Kannangara, Eleonora Ruocco
Locus minoris resistentiae (lmr) can be defined as a site of the body that offers lesser resistance than the rest of the body to the onset of disease. The well-known Köbner phenomenon is itself a clear example of lmr in dermatology. The new term locus maioris resistentiae (LMR), a site of the body that offers greater resistance than the rest of the body to the onset of disease, defines the opposite condition. Renbök phenomenon (reverse Köbner's isomorphic response) typically represents an example of LMR.
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938806/pressure-and-disenchantment-in-physicians-part-ii-lessons-for-physicians-from-the-tao-te-ching
#13
Clay J Cockerell
Physicians are faced with many stressors today that place them at risk of disenchantment, depression, and "burnout." Although this is costly to the individual physician, it is equally costly to society because physician stress can lead to exercise of poor judgment and medical errors. It also threatens to exacerbate physician shortages, as more physicians opt to retire or, in some cases, change careers altogether. In this essay, suggestions are made as to how to deal with these stressors that, if used, can ameliorate them at least to some degree...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938805/acrally-distributed-dermatoses
#14
EDITORIAL
Yalçın Tüzün, Ronni Wolf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968940/obsession-with-perfection-body-dysmorphia
#15
Neelam A Vashi
The deeply rooted fascination with beauty penetrates society worldwide. The indulgence to look and feel beautiful pervades all ages, genders, and nationalities, with research conferring a remarkable tendency to agree on measures of attractiveness among these disparate groups. Research has found that beautiful people do, in fact, receive more desirable outcomes in life and job satisfaction, family formation, and overall happiness. Humans have a tendency to respond to attractive persons more favorably, driving many patients to our clinics...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968939/bibliography-of-secondary-sources-on-the-history-of-dermatology-iii-books-monographs-and-chapters-in-english-supplemented-through-2015
#16
Lawrence Charles Parish, Michael J Lavery, Andrzej Grzybowski, Jennifer L Parish, Daniel H Parish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968938/bibliography-of-secondary-sources-on-the-history-of-dermatology-ii-obituaries-and-biographies-in-english-supplemented-through-2015
#17
Lawrence Charles Parish, Michael J Lavery, Andrzej Grzybowski, Jennifer L Parish, Daniel H Parish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968937/the-fate-of-hungarian-jewish-dermatologists-during-the-holocaust-part-2-under-nazi-rule
#18
Julia Bock, Walter H C Burgdorf, Leonard J Hoenig, Lawrence Charles Parish
At least 564,500 Hungarian Jews perished during the Holocaust, including many physicians. Exactly how many Jewish dermatologists were killed is not known. We have identified 62 Hungarian Jewish dermatologists from this period: 19 of these dermatologists died in concentration camps or were shot in Hungary, 3 committed suicide, and 1 died shortly after the Holocaust, exhausted by the War. Fortunately, many Hungarian Jewish dermatologists survived the Holocaust. Some had fled Europe before the Nazi takeover, as was described in Part 1 of this contribution...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968936/mast-cell-disorders-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#19
Marti J Rothe, Jane M Grant-Kels, Hanspaul S Makkar
Cutaneous mastocytosis is characterized by a pathologic increase in mast cells in the skin and may also involve extracutaneous organs. Symptoms, which are triggered by mast cell degranulation, vary depending on the burden of skin disease and the presence of extracutaneous disease. The clinical presentation, risk of systemic disease, pathogenesis, prognosis, and treatment options differ, largely depending on age at presentation. In the pediatric population, spontaneous remission is typical, generally by puberty, whereas in adults, progression is observed...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968935/cutaneous-lymphoma-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#20
Katalin Ferenczi, Hanspaul S Makkar
Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are non-Hodgkin lymphomas that predominantly affect older patients. Onset of cutaneous lymphoma in childhood is rare, but it can present as early as the first decade of life. In both adults and children, the diagnosis of cutaneous lymphoma can be challenging because inflammatory dermatoses can mimic CTCL both clinically and histologically. The clinicopathologic manifestations can be similar in adults and younger individuals; however, differences in the prevalence of certain CTCL variants among age groups exist...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
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