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Clinics in Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241760/miscellaneous-skin-disease-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Sila Seremet, Mehmet Salih Gurel
The link between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and skin diseases is increasingly important, with new associations being discovered. The association between MetS and psoriasis or MetS and hidradenitis suppurativa is well known, although the relationship between MetS and various autoimmune or inflammatory diseases has only recently attracted interest. Some inflammatory skin diseases, such as vitiligo, scleredema, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, Behçet disease, rosacea, necrobiosis lipoidica, granuloma annulare, skin tags, knuckle pads, and eruptive xanthomas, have possible associations with MetS...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241759/genetics-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#2
Emma Fanning, Donal O'Shea
Originally coined as "syndrome X" in 1988 by Gerald Reaven (1928), the metabolic syndrome (MetS) encompasses a constellation of risk factors, the coincidence of which amounts to an increased cardiovascular and diabetic risk. Rising numbers of dermatoses are being recognized as cutaneous markers of MetS. Dermatologists should look beyond treating the cutaneous condition and quantify the associated increase in cardiovascular risk. The original dermatosis associated with obesity was acanthosis nigricans-described in 1889 by Paul Gerson Unna (1850-1929) and Sigmund Pollitzer (1859-1937)...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241758/cutaneous-manifestations-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Ayse Serap Karadag, Emin Ozlu, Michael Joseph Lavery
Metabolic diseases are commonly encountered in the Western world. Cutaneous manifestations are common in metabolic disorders, such as diabetes mellitus (DM) and the metabolic syndrome (MetS), and metabolic diseases may manifest with specific skin findings. MetS and DM share a common mechanism in their etiopathogenesis. As a result, the skin findings associated with these two diseases partially overlap. Several skin findings in DM and MetS may be the first clinical features of the disease, and early diagnosis facilitates treatment, thereby helping in preventing long-term complications...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241757/cutaneous-manifestations-of-obesity-and-themetabolic-syndrome
#4
Tuğba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Necmettin Akdeniz, Ayse Serap Karadag
The cutaneous manifestations of obesity and the associated metabolic syndrome (MetS) may present with a wide variety of cutaneous findings, including acanthosis nigricans, acrochordon, cellulitis, psoriasis, hidradenitis suppurativa, acne, and hirsutism. Being aware of such clinical signs and the underlying systemic disorders may facilitate earlier diagnoses, thereby permitting earlier of therapy initiation and prevention of long-term sequelae. In this process, dermatologists are key figures in the early detection of MetS and its clinical manifestations...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241756/gynecologic-and-andrologic-dermatology-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Maria Magdalena Roth, Nicholas Leader, George Kroumpouzos
The relationship of sex hormones to obesity and inflammation has been extensively studied. Research on endogenous and exogenous sex steroids, including studies on animal models of metabolic syndrome (MetS), has indicated that sex hormones are involved in metabolic pathways relevant to MetS. Lower testosterone levels in men and higher levels in women increase risks of MetS and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Lower levels of sex hormone-binding globulin increase risks of MetS and T2DM in both sexes. Skin diseases that are sex hormone mediated, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, acanthosis nigricans, acne vulgaris, and pattern alopecia, have been associated with insulin resistance...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241755/autoimmune-skin-diseases-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Begüm Ünlü, Ümit Türsen
The metabolic syndrome represents an important association of cutaneous maladies with cardiovascular illnesses. Chronic inflammation, shared risk factors (ie, smoking and alcohol consumption), treatment (ie, immunosuppressive agents and drugs that alter the lipid profile), and shared genetic risk loci have been proposed to the cause metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular morbidity of autoimmune diseases. There are many possible inflammatory mediators that are suggested to play a role in insulin resistance pathogenesis, such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, leptin, and adiponectin...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241754/atopic-dermatitis-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Uwe Wollina
Atopic dermatitis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting about 10% to 20% of the general population. Disturbances in lipid metabolism contribute to defective lipid lamellae of the stratum corneum. The relationship of the metabolic syndrome and atopic dermatitis, on the contrary, remains unclear, because there are contradictory results from various trials.
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241753/alopecia-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Cheryl Lie, Choon Fong Liew, Hazel H Oon
Hair loss is a common condition that affects most people at some point in their lives. It can exist as an isolated problem or with other diseases and conditions. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and its association with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) have received increasing interest since 1972, when the first link between cardiovascular risk factors and hair loss was raised. We have reviewed studies concerning the relationship between alopecia and MetS. Many studies have investigated the relationship among AGA and MetS and its individual components, particularly in men, where a disproportionately large number of these studies supports this association...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241752/acanthosis-nigricans-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Ayse Serap Karadağ, Yi You, Retno Danarti, Safaa Al-Khuzaei, WenChieh Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241751/hidradenitis-suppurativa-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Tulin Ergun
The association of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components with immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disorders has attracted much interest within the last two decades. In addition to the well-established association of psoriasis with MetS, recent data point to an association between MetS and hidradenitis suppurativa, as well. The association of hidradenitis suppurativa with MetS and its components, such as diabetes, obesity, and dyslipidemia, has been consistently identified in controlled studies. This relationship is not only limited to older individuals but also applicable to younger patients and those with mild disease...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241750/historical-perspectives-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Eiji Oda
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) or insulin resistance syndrome is a constellation of obesity-related metabolic derangements predisposing to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In 1998, WHO defined the first criteria of MetS. Three years later, the user-friendly National Cholesterol Education Program criteria of MetS were proposed. Different criteria were issued by the International Diabetes Federation in 2005, making abdominal obesity a necessary component. Several international societies, including The International Diabetes Federation, jointly adopted the revised National Cholesterol Education Program criteria as harmonizing criteria of MetS in 2009...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241749/acne-vulgaris-the-metabolic-syndrome-of-the-pilosebaceous-follicle
#12
Bodo C Melnik
Acne vulgaris is an epidemic inflammatory disease of the human sebaceous follicle and represents the most common skin disease affecting about 85% of adolescents in Westernized populations. Acne vulgaris is primarily a disease of wealthy countries and exhibits higher prevalence rates in developed compared with developing countries. No acne has been found in non-Westernized populations still living under Paleolithic dietary conditions constraining hyperglycemic carbohydrates, milk, and dairy products. The high prevalence rates of adolescent acne cannot be explained by the predominance of genetic factors but by the influence of a Western diet that overstimulates the key conductor of metabolism, the nutrient- and growth factor-sensitive kinase mTORC1...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241748/psoriasis-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Paolo Gisondi, Anna Chiara Fostini, Irene Fossà, Giampiero Girolomoni, Giovanni Targher
Chronic plaque psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease that is strongly associated with the clinical features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), including abdominal obesity, hypertension, atherogenic dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The strength of these associations has been repeatedly confirmed by several observational studies. In particular, the prevalence of MetS in patients with psoriasis ranges from 20% to 50%, with a risk of having MetS is at least double in psoriatic patients compared with nonpsoriatic control individuals...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241747/pathophysiology-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Emma McCracken, Monica Monaghan, Shiva Sreenivasan
The metabolic syndrome-otherwise called syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, Reaven syndrome, and "the deadly quartet"-is the name given to the aggregate of clinical conditions comprising central and abdominal obesity, systemic hypertension, insulin resistance (or type 2 diabetes mellitus), and atherogenic dyslipidemia. It is a prothrombotic and proinflammatory state characterized by increased inflammatory cytokine activity. In addition to inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, lichen planus, and hidradenitis suppurativa, metabolic syndrome is also commonly associated with accelerated atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, hyperuricemia/gout, chronic kidney disease, and obstructive sleep apnea...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241746/important-considerations-for-legislation-banning-commercial-tanning-beds-among-minors
#15
LETTER
Daniel J Lewis, Madeleine Duvic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241745/skin-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#16
EDITORIAL
Ayse Serap Karadag, Michael Joseph Lavery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191355/clinical-and-prognostic-factors-in-the-development-of-basal-cell-carcinoma
#17
Sevil Savas, Aslı V Turgut Erdemir, Ayse E Koku Aksu, Mehmet S Gurel, Ezgi Ozkur
We investigated the environmental and personal risk factors associated with the development of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). This retrospective cohort study included a total of 997 patients whose diagnosis was confirmed by histopathologic examination between 2007 and 2014. A control examination was performed in 363 of these patients, who were accessed via telephone. A total of 1151 tumors were detected in 997 patients. During their follow-up, 13% of them developed subsequent tumors. The risk of developing subsequent tumor was 2...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191354/alliances-fair-or-lethal
#18
Mauricio Goihman-Yahr
Alliances are necessary for the development of individuals, institutions, and civilizations. Optimally, alliances provide benefits to their components; nevertheless, gains are not always symmetrical. Some alliances may prove detrimental or even lethal to some or all of the allies. I analyze some types of covenants using examples of history to provide a framework for drawing salient features of the alliance between the legal and the medical professions. This joint effort should be inherently beneficial to both; yet, particularly in the United States, the equilibrium is skewed against the medical profession...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191353/editorial-comment
#19
EDITORIAL
Mauricio Goihman-Yahr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191352/predatory-journals-and-dishonesty-in-science
#20
Andrzej Grzybowski, Rafał Patryn, Jarosław Sak
Predatory magazines are created by unreliable publishers who, after collecting a fee, publish the submitted paper in the Open Access (OA) formula without providing substantive control. For the purpose of "encouraging" authors to submit their work, they often impersonate existing periodicals by using a similar-sounding title, a similar webpage, and copied names of editors of the editorial board. They also offer credits close in name to the Impact Factor. The purpose of such activity is to deceive authors and to earn money in an unfair manner...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
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