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Patient Education and Counseling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918106/patients%C3%AC-experiences-of-patient-education-on-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
S T Kristiansen, P Videbech, M Kragh, C N Thisted, M B Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on how patients with serious mental disorders perceived patient education on psychiatric wards and to learn more about the patient perceived benefits and limitations related to patient education and how well patient education meets the perceived needs of inpatients. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data were categorized and synthesized. A systematic literature search was conducted. Articles were validated using validated critical appraisal tools...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918105/factors-influencing-women-s-decision-making-in-hysterectomy
#2
Monika Janda, Nigel R Armfield, Katie Page, Gayle Kerr, Suzanne Kurz, Graeme Jackson, Jason Currie, Edward Weaver, Anusch Yazdani, Andreas Obermair
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors influencing how well-informed women felt about hysterectomy, influences on their decision making, and on them receiving a less-invasive alternative to open surgery. METHODS: Online questionnaire, conducted in 2015-2016, of women who had received a hysterectomy in Australia, in the preceding two years. RESULTS: Questionnaires were completed by 2319/6000 women (39% response). Most women (n=2225; 96%) felt well-informed about hysterectomy...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899711/colorectal-cancer-screening-associations-between-information-provision-attitudes-and-intended-participation
#3
Stephanie D Brandhof, Angela Fagerlin, Sarah Hawley, Esther Toes-Zoutendijk, Lyndal Trevena, Kirsten McCaffery, Ida J Korfage
OBJECTIVE: Properly informing target audiences is crucial in population-based screening programs. We aimed to evaluate the impact of information about CRC screening on attitudes and intended participation in a screening-naive population. METHODS: 614 persons (aged 55-75 years) received a survey. Information on CRC and screening was provided piece by piece, and per piece its impact on attitudes and intended participation was assessed. All persons received the same information content, but the sequence of information differed per condition: information on the high mortality rate of colorectal cancer was presented in the first or the second piece...
September 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899714/qualitative-evaluation-of-a-narrative-reflection-program-to-help-medical-trainees-recognize-and-avoid-overuse-am-i-doing-what-s-right-for-the-patient
#4
Tanner Caverly, Daniel Matlock, Jocelyn Thompson, Brandon Combs
OBJECTIVE: The Do No Harm Project is a novel reflective writing program that encourages medical trainees to reflect on and write up clinical narratives about instances of avoidable medical overuse. Our goal is to describe this program and to explore the effect of the program on those participating. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore how participating in the project influenced the thinking, attitudes, and behaviors of participating internal medicine residents...
September 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899713/interrater-reliability-of-the-patient-education-materials-assessment-tool-pemat
#5
Julia Vishnevetsky, Chasity Burrows Walters, Kay See Tan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrater reliability (IRR) and usability of the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) and the relationship between PEMAT scores and readability levels. METHODS: One hundred ten materials (80 print, 30 audiovisual) were evaluated, each by two raters, using the PEMAT. IRR was calculated using Gwet's AC1 and summarized across items in each PEMAT domain (understandability and actionability) and by material type. A survey was conducted to solicit raters' experience using the PEMAT...
September 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899712/an-empirical-test-of-the-health-empowerment-model-does-patient-empowerment-moderate-the-effect-of-health-literacy-on-health-status
#6
Lilla Náfrádi, Kent Nakamoto, Márta Csabai, Orsolya Papp-Zipernovszky, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVE: The Health Empowerment Model (Schulz & Nakamoto, 2013) advocates that the effects of health literacy and empowerment are intertwined on health outcomes. This study aims to test this assumption in the context of health status as a patient outcome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 302 participants between June and December 2015. The participants' health literacy (using the NVS and S-TOFHLA tests), empowerment and self-reported health status were assessed...
September 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899710/health-literacy-and-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Gabriela Suéllen da Silva Chaves, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Paul Oh
OBJECTIVE: Identify health literacy (HL) screening instruments available to CAD patients; describe the prevalence of low HL; explore the predictors of low HL; and, identify the association between HL, health behaviors, and outcomes among these patients. METHODS: A literature search of electronic databases was conducted for published articles from database inception to February 2017. Eligible articles included the assessment of HL in CAD patients. Health behaviors and outcomes included diet, exercise, smoking, medication use, hospital readmission, knowledge, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychosocial indicators...
September 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911881/tailoring-the-orthopaedic-consultation-how-perceived-patient-characteristics-influence-surgeons-communication
#8
Tessa Dekkers, Marijke Melles, Nina M C Mathijssen, Stephan B W Vehmeijer, Huib de Ridder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether and how orthopaedic surgeons tailor communication during medical consultations based on perceived patient characteristics. METHODS: Seven orthopaedic surgeons were repeatedly interviewed following an approach based on ecological momentary assessment. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the eighty short interviews. The association between patient characteristics and tailoring approaches was explored in a correspondence analysis of the counted codes...
September 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890084/contingent-engagement-what-we-learn-from-patients-with-complex-health-problems-and-low-socioeconomic-status
#9
Miriam Komaromy, Erin Fanning Madden, Andrea Zurawski, Summers Kalishman, Kristin Barker, Patricia O'Sullivan, Martin Jurado, Sanjeev Arora
OBJECTIVE: Elicit patients' perceptions of factors that facilitate their engagement in care METHODS: In-depth interviews with 20 adult Medicaid patients who had complex health problems, frequent hospitalizations/emergency department use, and who were enrolled in an intensive, team-based care program designed to address medical, behavioral, and social needs. RESULTS: Prior to engaging in the program, participants described weak relationships with primary care providers, frequent hospitalizations and emergency visits, poor adherence to medications and severe social barriers to care...
September 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886974/informational-needs-during-active-surveillance-for-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#10
Stacy Loeb, Caitlin Curnyn, Angela Fagerlin, R Scott Braithwaite, Mark D Schwartz, Herbert Lepor, H Ballentine Carter, Shannon Ciprut, Erica Sedlander
OBJECTIVE: To understand the informational needs during active surveillance (AS) for prostate cancer from the perspectives of patients and providers. METHODS: We conducted seven focus groups with 37 AS patients in two urban clinical settings, and 24 semi-structured interviews with a national sample of providers. Transcripts were analyzed using applied thematic analysis, and themes were organized using descriptive matrix analyses. RESULTS: We identified six themes related to informational needs during AS: 1) more information on prostate cancer (biopsy features, prognosis), 2) more information on active surveillance (difference from watchful waiting, testing protocol), 3) more information on alternative management options (complementary medicine, lifestyle modification), 4) greater variety of resources (multiple formats, targeting different audiences), 5) more social support and interaction, and 6) verified integrity of information (trusted, multidisciplinary and secure)...
September 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882546/patient-centered-communication-between-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-and-their-healthcare-providers-identifying-research-gaps-with-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Jessica R Gorman, Daniel Standridge, Karen S Lyons, Diane L Elliot, Kerri Winters-Stone, Anne K Julian, Jennifer Weprin, Martin Storksdieck, Brandon Hayes-Lattin
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a scoping literature review to identify practices or programs that promote AYA patient-centered communication. METHODS: Between January and May of 2016, we applied standard scoping review methodology to systematically review articles. We considered peer-reviewed, English language articles written at any phase of intervention research. Both qualitative and quantitative studies were eligible, and no additional search restrictions were applied...
September 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893471/illness-perceptions-and-negative-responses-from-medical-professionals-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-association-with-patient-satisfaction-and-number-of-hospital-visits
#12
Mieko Homma, Hirono Ishikawa, Takahiro Kiuchi
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether illness perceptions among patients with fibromyalgia and negative responses from medical professionals correlate with their satisfaction with their physicians or with their number of hospital visits. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent by post to members of the Japan Fibromyalgia Support Association. Measures collected included, as independent variables, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and the Illness Invalidation Inventory; and as outcomes, the Patient Satisfaction Consultation Questionnaire and the number of hospital visits...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882545/how-patients-use-of-social-media-impacts-their-interactions-with-healthcare-professionals
#13
A Benetoli, T F Chen, P Aslani
INTRODUCTION: Patients are increasingly accessing online health information and have become more participatory in their engagement with the advent of social media (SM). This study explored how patients' use of SM impacted their interactions with healthcare professionals (HCPs). METHODS: Focus groups (n=5) were conducted with 36 patients with chronic conditions and on medication who used SM for health-related purposes. The discussions lasted 60-90min, were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870442/mimicking-non-verbal-emotional-expressions-and-empathy-development-in-simulated-consultations-an-experimental-feasibility-study
#14
Yuefang Zhou, Martin H Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of applying an experimental design to study the relationship between non-verbal emotions and empathy development in simulated consultations. METHOD: In video-recorded simulated consultations, twenty clinicians were randomly allocated to either an experimental group (instructed to mimic non-verbal emotions of a simulated patient, SP) or a control group (no such instruction). Baseline empathy scores were obtained before consultation, relational empathy was rated by SP after consultation...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855063/does-evidence-support-the-use-of-mobile-phone-apps-as-a-driver-for-promoting-healthy-lifestyles-from-a-public-health-perspective-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-control-trials
#15
L Covolo, E Ceretti, M Moneda, S Castaldi, U Gelatti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to find a scientific evidence on the efficacy of apps in promoting healthy lifestyles. METHODS: The research was carried out according to PRISMA Statement. Pubmed, Embase and Google Scholar searches were carried out up to September 2016 focusing on randomized control trials (RCTs). RESULTS: Forty RCTs were selected. Most of the studies targeted weight management, PA and healthy eating (N=35)...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869056/patients-autonomic-activation-during-clinical-interaction-a-review-of-empirical-studies
#16
REVIEW
Lidia Del Piccolo, Arnstein Finset
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how patients' autonomic responses are related to verbal or non-verbal communication during clinical encounters. METHODS: The SCOPUS database was searched to identify papers. Studies were included if measures of autonomic arousal were related to patients' emotions or patient-clinician interaction during clinical consultations such as psychotherapy, counseling or medical interviews. The search was conducted according to PRISMA criteria. The included studies were assessed using the 16 item quality assessment tool QATSDD...
August 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870441/influences-on-decision-making-for-young-women-undergoing-bilateral-prophylactic-mastectomy
#17
Rachael Glassey, Moira O'Connor, Angela Ives, Christobel Saunders, Sarah J Hardcastle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the influences on decision-making of younger women (<35) undergoing or considering bilateral prophylactic mastectomy (BPM). METHODS: Qualitative interviews guided by interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) were conducted with forty-six women who had a strong family history of breast cancer (BC) who had either undergone (n=26) or were considering (n=20) BPM. Participants were recruited from Australia and New Zealand (NZ) via hospitals, a genetics clinic, a research cohort, a registry and online...
August 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869057/the-social-utility-of-clinical-exome-sequencing
#18
Stefan Timmermans, Tanya Stivers
OBJECTIVE: Examine the presentation of clinical and social implications of exome sequencing findings during patient-geneticist interactions. METHODS: Video-recordings of 34 returns of exome sequencing results with findings in an academic genetics clinic were examined using an inductive thematic analysis to distinguish categories of consequences. We then operationalized these categories for structured observation coding of parent or geneticist/genetic counselor-initiated mention of consequences, complemented with semi-structured interviews with 16 families...
August 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865951/are-person-related-and-socio-structural-factors-associated-with-nurses-self-management-support-behavior-a-correlational-study
#19
Veerle Duprez, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke
OBJECTIVE: To explore nurses' self-perceived behavior of supporting patients' self-management, and its association with person-related and socio-structural factors. METHODS: Correlational study in a sample of nurses from nine general hospitals, three community healthcare organizations, and six private community practices. Nurses with >50% of their patients living with a chronic condition were eligible to participate. Data were collected at two time-points. Self-management support behavior was measured by the SEPSS-36 instrument...
August 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847438/training-physiotherapy-students-to-educate-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
R Forbes, A Mandrusiak, M Smith, T Russell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a training intervention on physiotherapy students' self-efficacy and skills in the area of patient education. METHODS: Final year physiotherapy students were randomised to an intervention group or a wait-list control group. The intervention group participated in a 3.5h training intervention about patient education that included video observation, simulated patient practice and structured feedback. The control group did not receive any training...
August 19, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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