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International Journal of Psychophysiology

András Szentkirályi, Keith K H Wong, Ronald R Grunstein, Angela L D'Rozario, Jong Won Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Andrew Lapointe, Luis Nolasco, Aniela Sosnowski, Eva Andrews, Douglas N Martini, Riann M Palmieri-Smith, Deanna H Gates, Steven P Broglio
Recent evidence suggests that athletes are at a higher risk of lower-body injuries in the months and years following a concussion. However, little is known about how people modify their movements post-concussion. This study examined kinematics during a jump cut motion in young adults with a concussion history (n=9; 4 males, 5 females; 3.1years' post-injury) and 10 controls (6 males, 4 females). Peak center of mass and peak knee angles during the landing phase of a jump-cut maneuver were evaluated. Participants with a concussion history demonstrated decreased knee varus (left: Mconc=-0...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Hui Zhang, Tracy L Spinrad, Nancy Eisenberg, Yun Luo, Zhenhong Wang
The aim of the current study was to address the potential moderating roles of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA; baseline and suppression) and participant sex in the relation between parents' marital conflict and young adults' internet addiction. Participants included 105 (65 men) Chinese young adults who reported on their internet addiction and their parents' marital conflict. Marital conflict interacted with RSA suppression to predict internet addiction. Specifically, high RSA suppression was associated with low internet addiction, regardless of parental marital conflict; however, for participants with low RSA suppression, a positive relation between marital conflict and internet addiction was found...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Alexandria Meyer, Magda Gawlowska
A previous study suggests that when participants were punished with a loud noise after committing errors, the error-related negativity (ERN) was enhanced in high trait anxious individuals. The current study sought to extend these findings by examining the ERN in conditions when punishment was related and unrelated to error commission as a function of individual differences in trait anxiety symptoms; further, the current study utilized an electric shock as an aversive unconditioned stimulus. Results confirmed that the ERN was increased when errors were punished among high trait anxious individuals compared to low anxious individuals; this effect was not observed when punishment was unrelated to errors...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Ineke Nederend, Arend D J Ten Harkel, Nico A Blom, Gary G Berntson, Eco J C de Geus
INTRODUCTION: Stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output are important measures in the clinical evaluation of cardiac patients and are also frequently used in research applications. This study was aimed to improve SV scoring derived from spot-electrode based impedance cardiography (ICG) in a pediatric population of healthy volunteers and patients with a corrected congenital heart defect. METHODS: 128 healthy volunteers and 66 patients participated. First, scoring methods for ambiguous ICG signals were optimized to improve agreement of B- and X-points with aortic valve opening/closure in simultaneously recorded transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Sangin Park, Myoung Ju Won, Dong Won Lee, Mincheol Whang
This study aims to develop a non-contact measurement technique for cardiac response that uses an infrared image of the patient's pupil. The pupil contraction rhythm is related to the autonomic balance and major organs (such as the heart) via a neural pathway. In this study, the response of the heart was determined by analyzing the pupillary rhythm based on the harmonic frequencies between them. Seventy undergraduate volunteers of both genders, (35 females and 35 males), with ages ranging between 20 and 30years (mean: 24...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Tomasz S Ligeza, Miroslaw Wyczesany
The detection of cognitive conflict is thought to trigger adjustments in executive control. It has been recently shown that cognitive conflict increases processing of stimuli that are relevant to the ongoing task and that these modulations are exerted by the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). However, it is still unclear whether such control influences are unspecific and might also affect the processing of task-irrelevant stimuli. The aim of the study was to examine if cognitive conflict affects processing of neutral and negative, task-irrelevant pictures...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Emily Lynar, Erin Cvejic, Emery Schubert, Ute Vollmer-Conna
Music-listening can be a powerful therapeutic tool for mood rehabilitation, yet quality evidence for its validity as a singular treatment is scarce. Specifically, the relationship between music-induced mood improvement and meaningful physiological change, as well as the influence of music- and person-related covariates on these outcomes are yet to be comprehensively explored. Ninety-four healthy participants completed questionnaires probing demographics, personal information, and musical background. Participants listened to two prescribed musical pieces (one classical, one jazz), an "uplifting" piece of their own choice, and an acoustic control stimulus (white noise) in randomised order...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Miriam Reiner, John Gruzzelier, Panagiotis D Bamidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Nantawachara Jirakittayakorn, Yodchanan Wongsawat
Gamma oscillation plays a role in binding process or sensory integration, a process by which several brain areas beside primary cortex are activated for higher perception of the received stimulus. Beta oscillation is also involved in interpreting received stimulus and occurs following gamma oscillation, and this process is known as gamma-to-beta transition, a process for neglecting unnecessary stimuli in surrounding environment. Gamma oscillation also associates with cognitive functions, memory and emotion...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Roger A Moore, Matthew Mills, Paul Marshman, Philip Corr
Band power linked to lower and upper alpha (i.e. 8-10Hz; 10-12Hz) and lower and upper beta (i.e. 12-20Hz; 20-30Hz) were examined during response related stages, including anticipation, response execution (RE), response inhibition (RI) and post response recovery (PRR). Group and individual data from 34 participants were considered. The participant's objective was to press a response key immediately following 4 non-repeating, single integer odd digits. These were presented amongst a continuous stream of digits and Xs...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Robert Koprowski, Sławomir Wilczyński, Katarzyna Martowska, Dominik Gołuch, Emilia Wrocławska-Warchala
Functional infrared thermal imaging is a method widely used in medicine, including analysis of the mechanisms related to the effect of emotions on physiological processes. The article shows how the body temperature may change during stress associated with performing a rhetorical task and proposes new parameters useful for dynamic thermal imaging measurements MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 healthy male subjects were examined. They were given a rhetorical task that induced stress. Analysis and processing of collected body temperature data in a spatial resolution of 256×512pixels and a temperature resolution of 0...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Tad T Brunyé, Aaron L Gardony
Perceptual decision making involves gathering and interpreting sensory information to effectively categorize the world and inform behavior. For instance, a radiologist distinguishing the presence versus absence of a tumor, or a luggage screener categorizing objects as threatening or non-threatening. In many cases, sensory information is not sufficient to reliably disambiguate the nature of a stimulus, and resulting decisions are done under conditions of uncertainty. The present study asked whether several oculomotor metrics might prove sensitive to transient states of uncertainty during perceptual decision making...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Xenia Hengesch, Mauro F Larra, Johannes B Finke, Terry D Blumenthal, Hartmut Schächinger
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) may influence stress and affective processing in adulthood. Animal and human studies show enhanced startle reflexivity in adult participants with ACE. This study examined the impact of one of the most common ACE, parental divorce, on startle reflexivity in adulthood. Affective modulation of acoustically-elicited startle eye blink was assessed in a group of 23 young adults with self-reported history of parental divorce, compared to an age- and sex-matched control group (n=18)...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Leena T Timothy, Bindu M Krishna, Usha Nair
The present study is aimed at the classification of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) EEG by combining complexity and synchronization features based on quantifiers from the common platform of recurrence based analysis. Recurrence rate (RR) of recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) is used for complexity analysis and RR of cross recurrence quantification analysis (CRQA) is used for synchronization analysis. The investigations are carried out on EEG from two states (i) resting eyes closed (EC) and (ii) short term memory task (STM)...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Yuya Maruo, Werner Sommer, Hiroaki Masaki
Little is known about the effects of the motivational significance of errors in Go/No-go tasks. We investigated the impact of monetary punishment on the error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe) for both overt errors and partial errors, that is, no-go trials without overt responses but with covert muscle activities. We compared high and low punishment conditions where errors were penalized with 50 or 5 yen, respectively, and a control condition without monetary consequences for errors. Because we hypothesized that the partial-error ERN might overlap with the no-go N2, we compared ERPs between correct rejections (i...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Joseph A Schwartz, Jill Portnoy
Previous research has revealed a consistent association between heart rate at rest and during stress and behavioral problems, potentially implicating autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning in the etiological development of antisocial behavior. A complementary line of research has focused on the potential independent and interactive role of the two subsystems that comprise the ANS, the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), on behavioral problems. The current study aims to contribute to the existing literature by examining the influence of heart rate (HR) reactivity, high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) reactivity, and catecholamine activity on a comprehensive measure of anger in a large, nationally-representative sample of adults from the United States...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Thomas Hinault, Patrick Lemaire
In arithmetic, rule-violation checking strategies are used while participants solve problems that violate arithmetic rules, like the five rule (i.e., products of problems including five as an operand end with either five or zero; e.g., 5×14=70) or the parity rule (i.e., when at least one of the two operands is even, the product is also even; otherwise the product is odd; e.g., 4×13=52). When problems violate both rules, participants use strategy combination and have better performance on both-rule than on one-rule violation problems (i...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Wanyi Huang, Xia Wu, Liping Hu, Lei Wang, Yulong Ding, Zhe Qu
The present study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to reinvestigate the earliest face familiarity effect (FFE: ERP differences between familiar and unfamiliar faces) that genuinely reflects cognitive processes underlying recognition of familiar faces in long-term memory. To trigger relatively early FFEs, participants were required to categorize upright and inverted famous faces and unknown faces in a task that placed high demand on face recognition. More importantly, to determine whether an observed FFE was linked to on-line face recognition, systematical investigation about the relationship between the FFE and behavioral performance of face recognition was conducted...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Christina Huang, R N Gevirtz, Julie Onton, Jose R Criado
Although there has been much support for HRV Biofeedback as an effective intervention for various disorders, there is a lack of comprehension of the underlying mechanisms. The predominant theories of increased vagal efferents and baroreflex gain are insufficient in explaining the frequent observations that HRV Biofeedback impacts changes in constructs beyond ANS mediation, such as emotion regulation, attentional control, and self-regulatory reserve. It has been suspected that vagal afferent functioning may be the underlying mechanism, but little research has explored this...
July 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
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