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Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319047/management-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-with-different-pleural-catheters
#1
LETTER
Sami Karapolat, Alaaddin Buran, Celal Tekinbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319046/endobronchial-lipoma-with-tuberculosis-a-solitary-coetaneousness
#2
LETTER
Sameer Bansal, Ketaki Utpat, Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319045/curious-case-of-a-black-pleural-effusion-mediastinal-teratoma-presenting-as-massive-pleural-effusion
#3
LETTER
Subhra Mitra, Mridul Kumar Sarma, Anjan Kumar Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319044/catastrophic-antiphospholipid-lung-syndrome-in-young-female-with-repeated-abortions
#4
LETTER
Aliae Abd-Rabou Mohamed-Hussein, Hoda A Makhlouf, Sarrah M Hashem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319043/incidentally-detected-lung-lesions-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease
#5
Padmanabhan Arjun, Azharul Haque, Rahul Ramachandran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319042/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-rifampicin-resistant-tuberculosis-principles-of-management
#6
Rajendra Prasad, Nikhil Gupta, Amitabh Banka
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)/rifampicin-resistant TB (RR-TB) is human-made problem and emerging due to poor management of TB and is a threat to control of TB. Early suspicion and diagnosis are important. Culture and drug susceptibility testing are gold standards, but newer molecular methods help in rapid diagnosis. Once diagnosed, prompt treatment should be started, preferably under direct observation. Treatment can be standardized or individualized. Conventional regimen takes up to 24 months but recently shorter regimen of up to 12 months was introduced in specific subset of MDR-TB/RR-TB patients...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319041/successful-pulmonary-thromboendarterectomy-in-a-patient-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-associated-resolution-of-a-leg-ulcer
#7
Abhinav Agrawal, Rakesh Shah, Matthew D Bacchetta, Arunabh Talwar
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a relatively frequent and severe complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). PH associated with SCD is classified as Group 5 PH. The exact pathogenesis of PH in SCD in not known. There are also very limited treatment options available at this time for such patients with Group 5 PH. Patients with SCD are predisposed to a hypercoagulable state and thus can also suffer from chronic thromboembolism. These patients can have associated chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), thus being classified as Group 4 PH...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319040/refractory-bronchovascular-pleuropulmonary-mucormycosis-case-report-and-difficulties-in-management
#8
M Manjunath, Deepak Prajapat, Rahul Kumar Sharma, Deepak Talwar
Pulmonary mucormycosis is a life-threatening opportunistic fungal infection. It is considered as a disease of immunocompromised state and is rarely seen in immunocompetent patients. We here report a case of refractory bronchovascular pleuropulmonary mucormycosis, who despite early detection, optimal management with liposomal amphotericin B, and posaconazole therapy followed by surgery, progressed further and led to a fatal outcome. Dual antifungal therapy combined with surgery is the only definitive treatment option available in the literature...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319039/anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-bilateral-endobronchial-tumor-in-a-young-boy
#9
Abhijeet Dharmaji Sawant, Vijayraj S Patil, Pranjal M Gugalia, Rajiv Kumar, Sabita Jiwnani, George Karimundackal, C S Pramesh
A 15-year-old boy presented to us with a 4-month history of fever with worsening dyspnea since 1 month. His contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the thorax showed bilateral endobronchial lesions with complete collapse-consolidation of the left lung and partial collapse of the right lower lobe. His fiberoptic bronchoscopy guided biopsy had been reported in outside hospital as a neuroendocrine tumor. Due to worsening breathlessness, he had to be intubated. We repeated the endobronchial biopsy and combined with outside slides and blocks, was diagnosed to have an anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL)...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319038/noninvasive-ventilation-neurally-adjusted-ventilator-assist-for-management-of-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Vijay Hadda, Tajamul Hussain Shah, Karan Madan, Anant Mohan, Gopi C Khilnani, Randeep Guleria
Patient-ventilator asynchrony is common with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) used for management of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA) is a mode of ventilatory support which can minimize the patient-ventilator asynchrony. Delivering NIV with NAVA (NIV-NAVA) during acute exacerbation of COPD seems a logical approach and may be useful in reducing patient-ventilator asynchrony. However, there are no published reports which describe the use of NIV-NAVA for management of acute exacerbation of COPD...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319037/ventilator-dependent-pulmonary-nocardiosis-in-a-patient-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Stella Pak, Tarek Mansour, Yan Yatsynovich, Andrew Kobalka
Nocardiosis is a rare infectious disease entity that mostly affects the lungs, brain, or skin of immunocompromised individuals. Recent reports of pulmonary nocardiosis (PN) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as the only risk factor suggest a possible association between nocardiosis and COPD. Herein, we present a case of ventilator-dependent PN in a patient with a moderate degree of COPD. A high level of suspicion for PN should be maintained when encountered with COPD patients complaining of symptoms of pneumonia and excessive thirst...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319036/the-use-of-adaptive-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-small-cell-carcinoma-lung-refractory-to-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-with-preexisting-interstitial-lung-disease
#12
Sarthak Tandon, Munish Gairola, Manoj Pal, Archana Aggarwal, Kanika Sharma, Ahmad Masroor Karimi, Avik Mandal, Rajiv Goyal, Ullas Batra, Inderjit Kaur
This is a case report of a 60-year-old diabetic, hypertensive male with a good performance status and a history of bilateral interstitial lung disease with a left upper lobe lung mass diagnosed to be a Stage IIB mixed small-cell/squamous cell carcinoma which was refractory to carboplatin- and etoposide-based chemotherapy. The patient was then taken up for adaptive intensity-modulated radiotherapy with tighter margin under image guidance with a mid-treatment replanning done at 25#. Acute toxicities were assessed weekly and showed no Grade 3 or more reactions...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319035/a-rare-case-of-bronchial-elastosis-an-unusual-presentation-of-an-unexpandable-lung
#13
Raghav Gupta, Hassan Patail, Mohammad R Al-Ajam
Endobronchial obstruction is a known cause of an unexpandable lung. Endobronchial lesions are usually malignant, however benign cause like hemartoma, lipoma, amyloidosis and neuroendocrine tumors are known. We, hereby present the rare cause of bronchial elastosis presenting as right lower lobe lung collapse.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319034/the-mimic-of-tracheal-carcinoid-in-elderly-female
#14
Parth Rali, Namrata Jasani, Hammad Arshad, Jianwu Xie, Marvin Balaan
We present a case of a glomus tumor of trachea in an elderly female who presented with a mass originating from the posterior trachea. She underwent rigid bronchoscopy with tumor debulking combined with laser therapy. Frozen section initially suggested carcinoid tumor but later turned out to be a glomus tumor. She improved with additional laser therapy. We present her clinical course and a literature review on glomus tumor.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319033/primary-cavitary-sarcoidosis-a-case-report-systematic-review-and-proposal-of-new-diagnostic-criteria
#15
REVIEW
Ajay Handa, Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ritesh Agarwal
Primary cavitary sarcoidosis (PCS) is a rare form of pulmonary sarcoidosis. In this report, we present a case of a 47-year-old male patient with PCS who was initially treated as pulmonary tuberculosis. We also systematically review the literature on PCS and propose a new classification for this entity.
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319032/study-of-inflammatory-markers-and-bode-index-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Priti Lokesh Meshram, Shivprasad N Shinde, Nagsen N Ramraje, Rohit R Hegde
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common preventable and treatable disease characterized by progressive airflow limitation and associated with enhanced chronic inflammatory response of the airways to a variety of noxious stimuli. The current concept of COPD, however, extends beyond the respiratory system to include a variety of extrapulmonary manifestations which includes raised inflammatory markers. METHODS: This was a single, center observational open-labeled case-controlled study which included fifty patients of diagnosed COPD and 50 age- and gender-matched controls...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319031/association-of-comorbid-anxiety-and-depression-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Ruchi Dua, Anindya Das, Abhishek Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Mayank Mishra, Kapil Sharma
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease with known systemic manifestations including psychiatric comorbidities most commonly being depression and/or anxiety. Studies regarding the association of these psychiatric comorbidities in terms of symptom scores, spirometric variables, and hospitalizations among patients of COPD are lacking, especially in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients of COPD attending the Outpatient Department of AIIMS Rishikesh, and fulfilling inclusion criteria were screened by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and those who scored above the cutoff underwent psychiatric evaluation using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition Diagnostic Criteria for Research for confirmation of their diagnosis...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319030/efficacy-of-gefitinib-in-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-activating-mutation-positive-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-does-exon-19-deletion-differ-from-exon-21-mutation
#18
Amit Joshi, Vijay Patil, Vanita Noronha, Anuradha Chougule, Atanu Bhattacharjee, Rajiv Kumar, Supriya Goud, Sucheta More, Anant Ramaswamy, Ashay Karpe, Nikhil Pande, Arun Chandrasekharan, Alok Goel, Vikas Talreja, Abhishek Mahajan, Amit Janu, Nilendu Purandare, Kumar Prabhash
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the differential effect of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status (exon 19 vs. 21) on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in treatment-naïve advanced EGFR mutation-positive nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with gefitinib as first-line agent. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of EGFR-mutated (exon 19 and 21) advanced-stage (Stage IIIB or IV), chemotherapy-naive NSCLC patients treated with gefitinib as first line in a phase 3 randomized study...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319029/clinical-and-pulmonary-functions-profiling-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-experiencing-frequent-acute-exacerbations
#19
Prem Parkash Gupta, Manjunath B Govidagoudar, Rohtas Yadav, Dipti Agarwal
PURPOSE: The present study aimed at clinical and pulmonary functions profiling of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to anticipate future exacerbations. METHODS: The study included 80 COPD patients; 40 patients had ≥2 acute exacerbations during preceding 1 year (frequent exacerbation [FECOPD] group) and 40 patients had <2 acute exacerbations during preceding 1 year (infrequent exacerbation [I-FECOPD] group). Clinical profile, sputum microbiology, blood gas analysis, spirometric indices, and diffusion capacity (transfer test) variables were assessed...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319028/comparison-of-oral-montelukast-with-oral-ozagrel-in-acute-asthma-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#20
Rahul Magazine, Vyshak Uddur Surendra, Bharti Chogtu
BACKGROUND: The need for more effective management of acute asthma has led to research on drugs which are otherwise approved for use in chronic asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study and compare the effects of oral montelukast with oral ozagrel in acute asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with acute asthma were recruited for the study. Out of 120 study patients, forty each were randomized into placebo, montelukast, and ozagrel groups...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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