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Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS

Brian Nuyen, Emily A Spataro, Cristen Olds, Cherian K Kandathil, Sam P Most
The objective of this article was to compare the effect of such sociodemographic factors as gender, age, marital status, employment status, race, and income on short- and long-term rhinoplasty outcomes using a validated disease-specific instrument-Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale, as well as complication and revision rates. Patients who underwent a functional (+/- cosmetic) rhinoplasty with the senior author between January, 1 2012, and September 9, 2017, and had both a preoperative and at least one postoperative NOSE score, were included in the study...
January 17, 2019: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Kırdar Güney, Sedat Tatar, Bora Özel, Cemile Seymen, Çiğdem Elmas, Serhan Tuncer, Seyhan Çenetoğlu
Variable absorption rate is one of the biggest problems of fat grafting and one of the most important causes of fat graft volume loss is apoptosis. Minocycline is a tetracycline derivative and besides its antibacterial capacity, it has been widely using for anti-apoptotic effects. This study was designed to investigate the effect of minocycline on fat graft survival and adipocyte apoptosis. A total of two main and eight subgroups were designed and a total of 48 experimental animals, 6 in each group, were used...
January 17, 2019: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Mairaj K Ahmed, Anthony H Bui, Rebecca Barnett, Joseph J Rousso
The clinical benefit of nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is actively debated between cleft centers without clear consensus. Nasolabial measurements were performed on pediatric patients with unilateral clefts of the lip, with or without cleft palate, at an academic cleft/craniofacial center prior to and following NAM therapy between June 2015 and August 2016. The parameters of interest were: columella height and width, cleft nostril height and width, and lip width. Measurements were performed using photographs taken alongside a reference object...
December 26, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Emily Spataro, Cristen Olds, Brian Nuyen, Cherian K Kandathil, Sam P Most
This article compares outcomes in patients presenting for either primary or secondary (revision) anterior septal reconstruction (ASR) to treat caudal septal deviation. Patients undergoing ASR by senior author (S. P. M.) between January 1, 2012 and September 1, 2017, with both preoperative and postoperative Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scores documented in the chart were included. Data were compared between patients undergoing primary and secondary ASR by univariable and multivariable logistic regression...
December 19, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Collin Rozanski, Mingyang Gray, Joseph J Rousso, Matthew B Hirsch, Joshua D Rosenberg
Social determinants of health have been widely studied throughout medicine; however, their role relating to functional rhinoplasty has not been previously evaluated. The records of 178 patients who underwent functional rhinoplasty in a single health network from 2013 to 2016 were reviewed. The Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) score was used to assess patient-reported symptoms, and patients with both preoperative and postoperative NOSE scores were included in this study. Basic demographics and surgical techniques were also collected...
December 19, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Erin Ostby, Jared Inman, Farhad Ardeshirpour
The main purpose of this article is to present an alternative technique for the reconstruction of saddle nose deformity in patients with severely scarred or contracted soft tissue envelopes. In this single surgeon case series, the authors present a two-staged reconstruction performed on four adult patients with saddle nose deformities and contracted soft tissue envelope stemming from a variety of etiologic factors including vasculitis, sarcoidosis, and trauma. Stage one involved placement of a 1 × 4 cm tissue expander along the nasal dorsum through anterior scalp and endonasal incisions...
December 19, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Sean William Delaney, Russell W H Kridel
There currently exists an overabundance of publications advocating different septal perforation repair methods. The objective of this article was to examine the preponderance of techniques and trends in the surgical management of septal perforations in the practices of otolaryngologists, rhinologists, and facial plastic surgeons. The study was designed as a multicenter cross-sectional survey. The participants were members of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the American Rhinologic Society...
December 19, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Awat Yousefiazar, Mohsen Hassanzadazar
Eyelid reconstructions are considered challenging surgical procedures, which are mostly performed due to trauma, tumor resections, and congenital defects. Several techniques can be used to reconstruct the lower eyelid defects. In this study, the authors aimed to introduce a new single-step technique for the reconstruction of medium-sized lower eyelid defects while preventing ectropion. A modified nasojugal flap was designed and harvested after making a complete incision. A dermal extension from the nasolabial area was added to the end of the nasojugal flap...
December 4, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Stanley W Jacobs, Eric J Culbertson
Mandelic acid is an α-hydroxy acid with reported benefit in treating acne and hyperpigmentation. The authors have developed a topical mandelic acid formulation that subjectively improves the quality of aged skin. Although the gold standard for assessing outcomes, photographic documentation is limited by subjective interpretation. Tools for measuring physical skin properties allow for an objective assessment of changes in skin quality. The authors sought to objectively study the viscoelastic changes to the skin following treatment with topical mandelic acid, using the Cutometer MPA 580...
December 4, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Tsutomu Mizuno
Augmentation rhinoplasty is commonly performed to raise the nasal dorsum in Asian individuals. However, materials used for dorsal augmentation are associated with various surgical challenges and complications. In this article, the authors present a novel dorsal augmentation technique combining hybrid autologous costal grafts with septal extension grafts. The records of 28 patients (19 women and 9 men; mean age: 27 years; range: 18-43 years) who underwent augmentation rhinoplasty (primary or revision) with our novel technique from December 2007 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Daniel H Coelho, Eric N Appelbaum, Prem Darji, Joe Niamtu
As the incidence of rhytidectomy and cochlear implantation increases, so does the likelihood that an individual patient will undergo both procedures over their lifetime. This is particularly relevant as the US population not only ages but ages well. The purpose of this paper is to describe cochlear implants and to characterize pre-, intra-, and postoperative considerations of rhytidectomy in patients with cochlear implants. A thorough understanding of the relevant anatomy and physiology is crucial to the avoidance of potentially serious complications in patients with cochlear implants...
November 2, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Gyu Sik Jung, Min Hyung Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Bo Lin, Hongyu Yang, Huijun Yang, Shiyue Shen, Feng Wang, Yufang Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Fulvio Urso-Baiarda, Sarah-Jayne Edmondson, Rajiv Grover
Facelift surgery is a popular treatment but exhibits high variation among practitioners in terms of both core technique and adjunctive measures. This review identified significant evidence addressing the role of pre-infiltration, drains, fat grafting, fibrin tissue adhesives, hilotherapy, and other miscellaneous adjuncts. Based on the authors' assessment of the current literature, there is reasonable supportive evidence for pre-infiltration, fat grafting and laser skin resurfacing, which appear to be safe and effective in appropriately selected patients...
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Elizabeth Mia Floyd, Barry Eppley, Stephen W Perkins
Facial augmentation is a growing field, secondary to the appreciation of the changes seen in the facial skeleton with aging and the growing acceptance/popularity of facial fat grafting and facial fillers. In addition, it plays a significant role in patients with congenital facial deficiencies as well as those interested in facial feminization/masculinization surgery. Several facial implants are discussed in this article including classic facial implants such as malar, submalar, chin, and prejowl implants as well as newer facial implants such as mandible, temporal, forehead, and skull implants...
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Ullas Raghavan, Vishwas Vijayadev, Dipesh Rao, Gautham Ullas
Cleft lip and palatal clefts are one of the most common birth defects with a global incidence of 1 in 700 live births. The majority of these orofacial clefts are nonsyndromic. However, a general screening for syndromes and other organ anomalies should always be performed as their association with orofacial clefts cannot be overlooked. With the recent progress in the knowledge of cleft repair, the procedures to correct cleft lip and palate though complex, have been simplified to allow improvisation in outcome and to achieve even better finesse of surgical result...
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Daniel Richard van Gijn, Jacob D'Souza, Wendy King, Michael Bater
Microsurgical free tissue transfer represents the mainstay of care in both ablative locoregional management and the simultaneous reconstruction of a defect. Advances in microsurgical techniques have helped balance the restoration of both form and function-decreasing the significant morbidity once associated with large ablative, traumatic, or congenital defects-while providing immediate reconstruction enabling early aesthetic and functional rehabilitation. There are a multitude of perioperative measures and considerations that aim to maximize the success of free tissue transfer...
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Werner Heppt, Hans-Robert Metelmann, Markus Heppt, Gabriele Feller, Julia Vent
The current overview of laser radiation therapy options and the legal aspects of the head and neck region provides insight into the available laser hardware, discusses the indications and treatment options and risks, as well as the necessary precautions to be taken when operating a laser device. Further handling recommendations and requirements for the laser devices are drawn and the question of transferring tasks to nonmedical personnel is discussed. The reader should get an idea about the benefits and risks of using lasers in treating patients and be able to set the precise indication on the background of possibilities, adverse effects, and legal aspects...
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Richard D Gentile
Technology impacts the lives of everyone nowadays and has had perhaps a greater impact on the lives of facial plastic surgeons and the patients they seek to help with both surgery and procedures. This article will discuss modern technology's impact on intervening in the aging process including technology used for facial and skin rejuvenation and reconstruction concentrating on the techniques and care to minimize complications as well as dealing with complication from the treatments.
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Jose Carlos Neves, Ramón Medel Jiménez, Diego Arancibia Tagle, Luz María Vásquez
In any kind of surgery, postoperative care is essential for a good result, but especially when the matter at stake is facial plastic surgery. Despite having performed a perfect surgery, with the least amount of damage to the soft tissues and osteocartilaginous structures, minimal bleeding, and in terms of the surgical time, without adequate postoperative care our results can be affected considerably in the short and long run. Therefore, we must have very clear guidelines regarding postoperative care and the duties of our patients, which should be emphasized during the informed consent of the intervention...
December 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
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