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American Journal of Perinatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445915/effect-of-low-dose-aspirin-on-the-time-of-onset-of-preeclampsia-and-time-of-delivery
#1
C Luke Dixon, Caroline Marrs, Maged M Costantine, Luis D Pacheco, George R Saade, Giuseppe Chiossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444678/pyelonephritis-in-pregnancy-prediction-of-prolonged-hospitalization-and-maternal-morbidity-using-prognostic-scoring-systems
#2
Amy M Valent, Katie Peticca, Alexandra DiMatteo, Shimeka Banks, Ronak Shah, Lindsey Chernicky, Beth Weitz, Casey Armistead, James Hill, Craig Towers, David Lewis, Everett F Magann, Suneet P Chauhan, James W Van Hook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437826/normal-left-ventricular-size-in-premature-newborns-by-the-echocardiographic-bullet-method
#3
Kenneth Bayle, Geri Galotti, Jill Nielsen-Farrell, Jie Yang, James Cordry Nielsen, Laurie Panesar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431438/comparison-of-intact-parathyroid-hormone-alkaline-phosphatase-phosphate-levels-for-diagnosing-severe-metabolic-bone-disease-in-infants-with-severe-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#4
Erin K Tkach, Ammie M White, Kevin C Dysart, Brenda Waber, Ursula S Nawab, Huayan Zhang, Erik A Jensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420011/noninvasive-ventilation-in-newborns%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-1-500%C3%A2-g-after-tracheal-extubation-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Simone Nascimento Santos Ribeiro, Maria Jussara Fernandes Fontes, Vineet Bhandari, Camilla Borges Resende, Cintia Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407678/transplacental-passage-of-acetaminophen-in-term-pregnancy-podcast
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395369/antibiotics-prescriptions-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-how-to-overcome-everyday-challenges
#7
D Donà, E Mozzo, V Mardegan, U Trafojer, P Lago, S Salvadori, E Baraldi, C Giaquinto
Antimicrobial prescriptions in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) represent a point of concern for the emergence of MDROs and for morbidity associated with prolonged antibiotic exposure (e.g., invasive candidiasis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis). Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have shown to be a valuable tool for the prevention of resistance with the goals of optimizing clinical outcomes while decreasing unnecessary prescribing. The most frequent ASP strategies include the correct collection and interpretation of microbiological specimens, prescription of the narrowest-spectrum antibiotic appropriate for a particular case, and de-escalation or discontinuation of therapy in defined situations...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395368/the-alteration-and-significance-of-erythropoietin-serum-levels-in-preterm-infants-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#8
Xiaofeng Yang, Bi Ze, Yi Dai, Li Zhu, Chao Chen
Objective This study aims to investigate the changes of serum erythropoietin (EPO) in premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) after birth. Method The premature infants were divided into two groups, the first were infants with ROP, and the rest were infants without ROP. The peripheral blood of these infants after birth was collected, aiming to identify the correlation of serum EPO with ROP in the first 8 weeks after birth and before 38 weeks' postconceptual age. Results A total of 299 infants without ROP and 107 infants with ROP were recruited into our study...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395367/temporal-artery-temperature-measurement-in-the-neonate
#9
Mashette E Syrkin-Nikolau, Karen J Johnson, Tarah T Colaizy, Ruthann Schrock, Edward F Bell
Objective We compared an infrared temporal artery thermometer with our clinical standard axillary thermometer for temperature measurements in neonatal patients. Study Design We measured temporal artery (Tta), axillary (Tax, clinical standard), and rectal (Tr, gold standard) temperatures of 49 infants. The difference between Tr and Tta was compared with that between Tr and Tax, and the data were analyzed based on bed type and postmenstrual age. Results The mean Tta, Tax, and Tr were 37.16 (SD 0.36) °C, 36...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395366/teamwork-in-the-nicu-setting-and-its-association-with-health-care-associated-infections-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
Jochen Profit, Paul J Sharek, Peiyi Kan, Joseph Rigdon, Manisha Desai, Courtney C Nisbet, Daniel S Tawfik, Eric J Thomas, Henry C Lee, J Bryan Sexton
Background and Objective Teamwork may affect clinical care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting. The objective of this study was to assess teamwork climate across NICUs and to test scale-level and item-level associations with health care-associated infection (HAI) rates in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Methods Cross-sectional study of the association between HAI rates, defined as any bacterial or fungal infection during the birth hospitalization, among 6,663 VLBW infants cared for in 44 NICUs between 2010 and 2012...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395365/one-less-painful-procedure-using-umbilical-cord-blood-as-alternative-source-to-admission-complete-blood-count
#11
Neera Prakash, Joseph Decristofaro, Echezona T Maduekwe
Objective This study aims to evaluate the use of umbilical cord blood as an alternative to the admission complete blood count (CBC) in the well-appearing late preterm neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Study Design Paired umbilical cord and admission blood CBC samples from well late preterm infants were compared using a two-sample t-test or analysis of variance with an unequal variance for differences in the hemoglobin, platelet counts, white blood cell, and absolute neutrophil counts...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395364/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-treated-with-oral-paracetamol-versus-ibuprofen-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#12
Mehmet Yekta Oncel, Zeynep Eras, Nurdan Uras, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Omer Erdeve, Serife Suna Oguz
Objective This study aims to determine the effects of paracetamol versus ibuprofen treatment given to preterm infants for the pharmacological closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 24 months' corrected age. Method A follow-up study was conducted to evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants (gestational age ≤ 30 weeks) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial comparing oral paracetamol versus oral ibuprofen for the closure of PDA. The developmental assessment was done by using "Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition" at 18 to 24 months' corrected age...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384838/maternal-income-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-chronic-placental-inflammation-at-birth
#13
Lauren S Keenan-Devlin, Linda M Ernst, Kharah M Ross, Sameen Qadir, William A Grobman, Jane L Holl, Amy Crockett, Gregory E Miller, Ann E B Borders
Objective This study aims to examine whether maternal household income is associated with histological evidence of chronic placental inflammation. Study Design A total of 152 participants completed surveys of household income and consented to placenta collection at delivery and postpartum chart review for birth outcomes. Placental inflammatory lesions were evaluated via histological examination of the membranes, basal plate, and villous parenchyma by a single, experienced pathologist. Associations between household income and the presence of inflammatory lesions were adjusted for known perinatal risk factors...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384837/the-impact-of-integrated-evaluation-of-hemodynamics-on-management-of-preterm-infants-with-late-onset-compromised-systemic-circulation
#14
Reem Amer, Reem Kalash, Mary M Seshia, Yasser N Elsayed
Objectives To study the impact of integrated evaluation of hemodynamics (IEH), using targeted neonatal echocardiography (TNE), cerebral regional tissue oxygenation (crRTO), and fractional oxygen extraction (FOE), using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) on the management of infants with late-onset compromised systemic circulation (LCSC), and evaluation of the hemodynamic characteristics. Study Design Retrospective cohort study comparing infants with LCSC who underwent IEH (April 2014 to May 2016) with an earlier EPOCH who did not undergo IEH (January 2012 to March 2014)...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376551/effects-of-shrna-targeting-maspin-on-the-invasion-of-extravillous-trophoblast-cell
#15
Xinwei Shi, Qing Liu, Hao Liu, Dongrui Deng, Fuyuan Qiao, Yuanyuan Wu
Objective Hypomethylation of the maspin gene results in increased expression of maspin in preeclamptic placentas. However, maspin gene function and the molecular aspects in placentation remain largely unclear. The study was designed to investigate the effects of maspin on the invasion of extravillous trophoblast cell line (TEV-1) and the molecular mechanism. Study Design We cloned short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting maspin gene into plasmid pGenesil-1.1 eukaryotic expression vector and then transfected it using adenovirus...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376550/influence-of-patient-level-factors-on-mode-of-delivery-among-operative-vaginal-delivery-candidates-in-modern-practice
#16
Torri D Metz, Christina Gonzalez, Amanda A Allshouse, Erick Henry, Sean Esplin
Objective We aimed to evaluate which patient-level factors influence mode of delivery among candidates for operative vaginal delivery. Study Design Cross-sectional study of candidates for operative vaginal delivery from 18 hospitals over 8 years. Probabilities of mode of delivery were estimated using hierarchical logistic modeling adjusting for clustering within physician and hospital. Results Total 3,771 (64%) women delivered with forceps, 1,474 (25%) vacuums, and 665 (11%) cesareans. Odds of forceps versus vacuum were higher with induction (OR = 2...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376548/effect-of-an-educational-presentation-about-extremely-preterm-infants-on-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-health-care-providers
#17
Stefani Doucette, Brigitte Lemyre, Thierry Daboval, Sandra Dunn, Salwa Akiki, Nick Barrowman, Gregory P Moore
Objective To determine healthcare providers' knowledge (HCP) about survival rates of extremely preterm infants (EPI) and attitudes toward resuscitation before and after an educational presentation and, to examine the relationship between knowledge and attitudes toward resuscitation. Study Design Participants completed a survey before and after attending a presentation detailing evidence-based estimates of survival rates and surrounding ethical issues. Respondents included neonatologists, obstetricians, pediatricians, maternal-fetal medicine specialists, trainees in pediatrics, obstetrics, neonatal-perinatal medicine and neonatal and obstetrical nurses...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376547/changing-management-of-the-patent-ductus-arteriosus-effect-on-neonatal-outcomes-and-resource-utilization
#18
Valerie Y Chock, Veena V Goel, Jonathan P Palma, Thomas M Luh, Nichole A Wang, Shabnam Gaskari, Rajesh Punn, Norman H Silverman, William E Benitz
Objective This historical cohort study investigated how a shift toward a more conservative approach of awaiting spontaneous closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants has affected neonatal outcomes and resource utilization. Methods We retrospectively studied very low birth weight infants diagnosed with a PDA by echocardiogram (ECHO) in 2006-2008 (era 1), when medical or surgical PDA management was emphasized, to those born in 2010-2012 (era 2) when conservative PDA management was encouraged...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376546/association-of-nursing-overtime-nurse-staffing-and-unit-occupancy-with-health-care-associated-infections-in-the-nicu
#19
Marc Beltempo, Régis Blais, Guy Lacroix, Michèle Cabot, Bruno Piedboeuf
Objective This study aims to assess the association of nursing overtime, nurse staffing, and unit occupancy with health care-associated infections (HCAIs) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Study Design A 2-year retrospective cohort study was conducted for 2,236 infants admitted in a Canadian tertiary care, 51-bed NICU. Daily administrative data were obtained from the database "Logibec" and combined to the patient outcomes database. Median values for the nursing overtime hours/total hours worked ratio, the available to recommended nurse staffing ratio, and the unit occupancy rate over 3-day periods before HCAI were compared with days that did not precede infections...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329897/maternal-labor-delivery-and-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-placental-abruption-a-systematic-review
#20
Katheryne L Downes, Katherine L Grantz, Edmond D Shenassa
Objective Risk factors for placental abruption have changed, but there has not been an updated systematic review investigating outcomes. Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and CINAHL for publications from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2016. We reviewed English-language publications reporting estimated incidence and/or risk factors for maternal, labor, delivery, and perinatal outcomes associated with abruption. We excluded case studies, conference abstracts, and studies that lacked a referent/comparison group or did not clearly characterize placental abruption...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
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