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Seminars in Speech and Language

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933494/a-life-participation-approach-to-primary-progressive-aphasia-intervention
#1
Emily J Rogalski, Becky Khayum
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a clinical neurodegenerative dementia syndrome characterized by deficits in spoken and written word retrieval, word usage, and/or word comprehension. Currently, there are no effective treatments to reverse or halt the underlying disease process; however, speech-language therapy may be helpful. The Communication Bridge Care Model was developed to address the unique communication and quality of life needs of individuals living with PPA. The core elements include person-centered care with dyadic instruction for disease education, and counseling, along with tailored levels of impairment- and compensatory-based communication strategy training...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933493/the-impact-of-aphasia-camp-participation-on-quality-of-life-a-primary-progressive-aphasia-perspective
#2
Esther S Kim, Mathieu Figeys, H Isabel Hubbard, Carlee Wilson
Individuals with primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and their caregivers are at risk for decreased quality of life (QoL) due to their progressive condition. Aphasia camps are an intervention that can improve QoL, yet individuals with PPA are underrepresented at aphasia camps relative to those with poststroke aphasia. The purpose of this exploratory case study was to examine the effect of participation in aphasia camp on the QoL of a couple impacted by PPA. The Living with Aphasia: Framework for Outcome Measurement (A-FROM) was used to guide a semistructured interview with an individual with PPA and her spouse, both of whom had attended the Alberta Aphasia Camp for 4 years...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933492/group-communication-treatment-for-individuals-with-ppa-and-their-partners
#3
Aimee Mooney, Naomi Beale, Melanie Fried-Oken
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by insidious language deterioration. This young-onset disorder leaves adults with reduced communication skills for participation in social activities. There is limited evidence regarding group treatment for individuals with PPA, though the principles of chronic aphasia groups can be applied to this clinical population. We developed a PPA group treatment model incorporating compensatory strategies from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), communication partner training from aphasia rehabilitation, and systematic instruction from dementia management...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933491/treatment-for-lexical-retrieval-impairments-in-primary-progressive-aphasia-a-research-update-with-implications-for-clinical-practice
#4
Karen Croot
Lexical retrieval impairments (also known as anomia or word-finding deficits) are an early and prominent symptom in primary progressive aphasia (PPA), causing distress and frustration to individuals with PPA and their communication partners, and prompting research on lexical retrieval treatment. This paper reviews the research on lexical retrieval treatment in PPA from the earliest reports in the 1990s to early 2018 and considers the implications of this research for clinical practice. The number of published studies has increased markedly over the past decade, consisting primarily of behavioral studies, with rapid recent growth in noninvasive brain stimulation studies...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933490/assessment-of-individuals-with-primary-progressive-aphasia
#5
Maya L Henry, Stephanie M Grasso
Speech-language pathologists play a crucial role in the assessment and treatment of individuals with primary progressive aphasia (PPA). The speech-language evaluation is a critical aspect of the diagnostic and rehabilitative process, informing differential diagnosis as well as intervention planning and monitoring of cognitive-linguistic status over time. The evaluation should include a thorough case history and interview and a detailed assessment of speech-language and cognitive functions, with tasks designed to detect core and associated deficits outlined in current diagnostic criteria...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933489/person-centered-skilled-services-using-a-montessori-approach-for-persons-with-dementia
#6
Natalie Douglas, Jennifer Brush, Michelle Bourgeois
The current mandate for person-centered care throughout the health care system, and especially in the nursing home industry, requires that speech-language pathologists ensure that the services they provide to elders with dementia are skilled, person centered, and relevant to positive overall health outcomes. Guidelines developed by the Association Montessori International Advisory Board for Montessori for Aging and Dementia are one avenue toward such skilled and person-centered services. The purpose of this article is to provide clinicians with practical strategies for guiding their assessment, goal writing, and intervention plans to meet the expectations of a person-centered approach to services for elders with dementia, using the Montessori approach as a philosophical guide...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933488/external-memory-aid-preferences-of-individuals-with-mild-memory-impairments
#7
Alyssa Lanzi, Sarah E Wallace, Michelle S Bourgeois
Individuals with mild memory impairments often rely on external memory aids (EMAs) to compensate for impaired cognitive abilities and to support independent completion of activities of daily living. These strategies are evidence based; however, professionals have limited knowledge regarding individual preferences and guidance on how to incorporate a person-centered approach into the EMA development phase. The purpose of the current study was to qualitatively investigate individuals' preferences and experiences as they relate to EMAs...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933487/dementia-and-hearing-loss-interrelationships-and-treatment-considerations
#8
H Isabel Hubbard, Sara K Mamo, Tammy Hopper
Hearing loss is common among typically aging older adults and those with dementia. In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the relationship between hearing and cognition among older adults, and in hearing loss as a modifiable risk factor for dementia. However, relatively less attention has been focused on the management of hearing loss among individuals with dementia and the key roles of speech-language pathologists and audiologists in providing such care. In this article, the authors review the literature on hearing loss and dementia, and analyze the research evidence for treatment of hearing loss in the context of major neurocognitive disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933486/person-centered-approaches-to-communication-participation-and-engagement-for-individuals-with-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-dementia
#9
Melanie Fried-Oken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558772/beyond-social-skills-supporting-peer-relationships-and-friendships-for-school-aged-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Amy Rodda, Annette Estes
Social impairments are the sine qua non of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, children with ASD are capable of forming reciprocal friendships and many people with ASD have a strong desire for friends. Developing and maintaining friendships is associated with many important outcomes, including improved quality of life, mental health, and academic achievement. Children with ASD often attend groups to improve social skills, but strategies for building and maintaining friendships are not consistently addressed or measured following intervention...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558771/relationships-friendships-and-successful-social-communication-addressing-disability
#11
Amy L Donaldson, Mariella Nolfo, Marissa Montejano
Children with autism may perceive friendship in a qualitatively different manner than their neurotypical peers. Yet, these friendships have been reported as satisfying to the child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although many studies have identified lower quality of friendship in ASD, reduced reciprocity, and increased loneliness and depression, perhaps it is time to take a closer look at the perspective of autistic individuals and to identify how the broader community influences development of relationships and friendship...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558770/let-s-talk-review-of-conversation-intervention-approaches-for-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Geralyn R Timler
Conversation skills are an important intervention focus for verbally fluent school-aged children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Three sets of approaches for supporting conversation skills are reviewed. Pragmatic language approaches focus on teaching the verbal and nonverbal skills needed to initiate and maintain conversations including strategies for recognizing and repairing communication breakdowns. Social skill approaches focus on similar conversation behaviors, but these behaviors are usually taught for use within specific social tasks such as entering peer groups, maintaining interactions, and resolving conflicts...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558769/enhancing-the-reading-development-of-learners-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Kelly Whalon
Foundational to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are difficulties developing joint attention, social reciprocity, and language/communication. These challenges place children with ASD at risk for future reading failure. Research suggests that many school-aged children with ASD will learn the decoding skills necessary to effectively read text, but will struggle with comprehension. Yet, the reading profiles of learners with ASD also show great heterogeneity, with some also unable to effectively decode new words...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558768/using-story-based-interventions-to-improve-episodic-memory-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Tiffany L Hutchins, Patricia A Prelock
Episodic memory (EM) and scene construction are critical for organizing and understanding personally experienced events and for developing several aspects of social cognition including self-concept, identity, introspection, future thinking, counterfactual reasoning, theory of mind, self-regulation, flexible problem-solving, and socially adaptive behavior. This article challenges the reader to think differently about EM in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as we expand our understanding of autobiographical memory that requires an ability to travel back in time and re-experience an event...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558767/integrating-a-parent-implemented-blend-of-developmental-and-behavioral-intervention-strategies-into-speech-language-treatment-for-toddlers-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Sarah R Rieth, Rachel Haine-Schlagel, Marilee Burgeson, Karyn Searcy, Kelsey S Dickson, Aubyn C Stahmer
Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions include an explicit focus on coaching parents to use therapy techniques in daily routines and are considered best practice for young children with autism. Unfortunately, these approaches are not widely used in community settings, possibly due to the clinical expertise and training required. This article presents the work of the Bond, Regulate, Interact, Develop, Guide, Engage (BRIDGE Collaborative), a multidisciplinary group of service providers (including speech-language pathologists), parents, funding agency representatives, and researchers dedicated to improving the lives of young children with autism spectrum disorder and their families...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558766/fostering-communication-in-elementary-school-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-who-are-minimally-verbal
#16
Jessica R Dykstra Steinbrenner
Around 30% of elementary school students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are considered minimally verbal, yet there is limited research addressing the needs of this group of students. Several recent studies have demonstrated successful improvement of the communication skills of elementary school students with limited verbal skills. Additionally, there are focused intervention practices that are evidence based and may be useful in targeting communication skills for children with ASD who are minimally verbal...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558765/treatment-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Amy L Donaldson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544227/erratum-implementing-a-standardized-assessment-battery-for-aphasia-in-acute-care
#18
Sofia Vallila-Rohter, Laura Kasparian, Olga Kaminski, Megan Schliep, Semra Koymen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359308/impaired-recognition-of-emotional-faces-after-stroke-involving-right-amygdala-or-insula
#19
Donna C Tippett, Brittany R Godin, Kumiko Oishi, Kenichi Oishi, Cameron Davis, Yessenia Gomez, Lydia A Trupe, Eun Hye Kim, Argye E Hillis
Despite its basic and translational importance, the neural circuitry supporting the perception of emotional faces remains incompletely understood. Functional imaging studies and chronic lesion studies indicate distinct roles of the amygdala and insula in recognition of fear and disgust in facial expressions, whereas intracranial encephalography studies, which are not encumbered by variations in human anatomy, indicate a somewhat different role of these structures. In this article, we leveraged lesion-mapping techniques in individuals with acute right hemisphere stroke to investigate lesions associated with impaired recognition of prototypic emotional faces before significant neural reorganization can occur during recovery from stroke...
February 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359307/regional-brain-dysfunction-associated-with-semantic-errors-in-comprehension
#20
Hinna Shahid, Rajani Sebastian, Donna C Tippett, Sadhvi Saxena, Amy Wright, Taylor Hanayik, Bonnie Breining, Leonardo Bonilha, Julius Fridriksson, Chris Rorden, Argye E Hillis
Here we illustrate how investigation of individuals acutely after stroke, before structure/function reorganization through recovery or rehabilitation, can be helpful in answering questions about the role of specific brain regions in language functions. Although there is converging evidence from a variety of sources that the left posterior-superior temporal gyrus plays some role in spoken word comprehension, its precise role in this function has not been established. We hypothesized that this region is essential for distinguishing between semantically related words, because it is critical for linking the spoken word to the complete semantic representation...
February 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
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