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Medical Anthropology Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215053/-the-first-intervention-is-leaving-home-reasons-for-electing-an-out-of-hospital-birth-among-minnesotan-mothers
#1
Helen Hazen
The Twin Cities, Minnesota has seen a recent increase in the number of mothers seeking an out-of-hospital birth. This research uses in-depth interviews with 24 mothers who intended an out-of-hospital birth in the previous two years, exploring their reasons for pursuing an alternative approach to birth. For many women an out-of-hospital birth fits within a philosophy that rejects the pathologizing of birth. Escaping rigid hospital protocols is seen as critical to avoiding what many mothers described as unnecessary interventions...
February 18, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025859/negotiations-of-blame-and-care-among-hiv-positive-mothers-and-daughters-in-south-africa-s-eastern-cape
#2
Beth Vale
Research delineates two epidemiological categories among HIV-positive adolescents: those who contract the virus sexually and those who inherit it as infants. In this article, I am interested in how tacit inferences about adolescents' mode of infection contribute to their experiences of HIV-related blame, and their ability to achieve care, in their intimate, everyday settings. The analysis arises from ethnographic research with 23 HIV-positive adolescents living in South Africa's Eastern Cape. From these, I draw particularly on the narratives of four HIV-positive teenage girls and their HIV-positive mothers...
December 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025858/the-new-rich-and-their-unplanned-births-stratified-reproduction-under-china-s-birth-planning-policy
#3
Lihong Shi
This article explores the creation and ramifications of a stratified reproductive system under China's state control over reproduction. Within this system, an emerging group of "new rich" are able to circumvent birth regulations and have "unplanned births" because of their financial capabilities and social networks. While China's birth-planning policy is meant to be enforced equally for all couples, the unequal access to wealth and bureaucratic power as a result of China's widening social polarization has created disparate reproductive rights and experiences...
December 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558762/culture-and-comorbidity-intimate-partner-violence-as-a-common-risk-factor-for-maternal-mental-illness-and-reproductive-health-problems-among-former-child-soldiers-in-nepal
#4
Brandon A Kohrt, Christine Bourey
Our objective was to elucidate how culture influences internal (psychological), external (social), institutional (structural), and health care (medical) processes, which, taken together, create differential risk of comorbidity across contexts. To develop a conceptual model, we conducted qualitative research with 13 female child soldiers in Nepal. Participants gave open-ended responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) vignettes (marital rape, emotional abuse, violence during pregnancy). Twelve participants (92%) endorsed personal responses (remaining silent, enduring violence, forgiving the husband)...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555467/special-section-on-comorbidity-introduction
#5
Lesley Jo Weaver, Ron Barrett, Mark Nichter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990322/enveloped-lives-practicing-health-and-care-in-lithuania
#6
Rima Praspaliauskiene
This article analyzes informal medical payments that the majority of Lithuanians give or feel compelled to give to doctors before or after treatment. It focuses on how patients and their caretakers encounter, practice, and enact informal payments in health care and how these payments create a reality of health care that is not limited to an economic rationality. Within such a frame, rather than being considered a gift or bribe, it conceptualizes these little white envelopes as a practice of health and care...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990219/locating-purity-within-corruption-rumors-narratives-of-hpv-vaccination-refusal-in-a-peri-urban-community-of-southern-romania
#7
Cristina A Pop
This article locates the symbolic construction of "corrupted purity"-as a key assertion in Romanian parents' HPV vaccination refusal narratives-within a multiplicity of entangled rumors concerning reproduction and the state. Romania's unsuccessful HPV vaccination campaign is not unique. However, the shifting discourses around purity and corruption-through which some parents conveyed anxieties about their daughters being targeted for the vaccine-place a particular twist on the Romanian case of resisting the HPV vaccination...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26857808/transactions-in-suffering-mothers-daughters-and-chronic-disease-comorbidities-in-new-delhi-india
#8
Lesley Jo Weaver
The biomedical definition of comorbidity belies the complexity of its lived experience. This article draws on case studies of women with diabetes and various comorbidities in New Delhi, India, to explore intergenerational transactions surrounding suffering in contexts of comorbidity. The analysis synthesizes sociological theories of chronic disease work, psychological theories of caregiver burnout, and anthropological approaches to suffering and legitimacy to explore how, when, and by whom women's comorbid sources of suffering become routinized in everyday life...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26756733/-just-one-thing-after-another-recursive-cascades-and-chronic-conditions
#9
Lenore Manderson, Narelle Warren
Chronic conditions and their resultant difficulties in daily living frequently occur with other health problems, sometimes due to interactions or complications at a biological level, or as a result of common pathogens or risk factors. On other occasions, they develop independently. Drawing on research conducted with Australian women that began in the mid-2000s and is still ongoing, we highlight how chronic structural factors shape the risk factors of "chronic" conditions, influencing health seeking, continuity of care, and health outcomes...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26490300/disordered-eating-eating-disorder-hidden-perils-of-the-nation-s-fight-against-fat
#10
Susan Greenhalgh
The nation's fight against fat has not reduced obesity, but it has had other worrying effects. Mental health researchers have raised the possibility that the intense pressures to lose weight have heightened the risks of developing eating disorders, especially among the young. Medical anthropology can help connect the dots between the war on fat and disordered eating, identifying specific mechanisms, pathways, and contextual forces that may lie beyond the scope of biomedical and psychiatric research. This article develops a biocitizenship approach that focuses on the pathologization of heaviness, the necessity of having a thin, fit body to belonging to the category of worthy citizen, and the work of pervasive fat-talk in defining who can belong...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25865829/beyond-comorbidity-a-critical-perspective-of-syndemic-depression-and-diabetes-in-cross-cultural-contexts
#11
Emily Mendenhall
This article examines the comorbidity concept in medical anthropology. I argue that the dearth of articles on comorbidity in medical anthropology may result from the rise of syndemic theory. Syndemics recognize how social realities shape individual illness experiences as well as distribution of diseases across populations. I discuss synergistic interactions foundational to the syndemics construct through my research of depression and diabetes comorbidity in vulnerable populations from urban United States, India, and South Africa...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25359458/ectoparasitic-syndemics-polymicrobial-tick-borne-disease-interactions-in-a-changing-anthropogenic-landscape
#12
Merrill Singer, Nicola Bulled
Based on an assessment of the available research, this article uses syndemic theory to suggest the role of adverse bio-social interactions in increasing the total disease burden of tick-borne infections in local populations. Given the worldwide distribution of ticks, capacity for coinfection, the anthropogenic role in environmental changes that facilitate tick dissemination and contact, evidence of syndemic interaction in tick-borne diseases, and growing impact of ticks on global health, tick-borne syndemics reveal fundamental ways in which human beings are not simply agents of environmental change but objects of that change as well...
December 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696499/mohit-s-pharmakon-symptom-rotational-bodies-and-pharmaceuticals-in-rural-rajasthan
#13
Andrew McDowell
This article re-examines medical anthropology theories of symptom, illness, and disease to consider unregulated medical care in India. It builds on clinical observations, an inventory of the pharmaceuticals used by men who call themselves Bengali Doctors, and their patients to read medical care in a context that privileges symptom not disease. It draws on Derrida's use of pharmakon to outline the complexities of care and embodiment and helps locate local and medical anthropology theories of symptom and pharmaceuticals within theories of the experiential body...
October 3, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717006/commodifying-indigeneity-how-the-humanization-of-birth-reinforces-racialized-inequality-in-mexico
#14
Rosalynn Adeline Vega
This article examines the humanized birth movement in Mexico and analyzes how the remaking of tradition-the return to traditional birthing arts (home birth, midwife-assisted birth, natural birth)-inadvertently reinscribes racial hierarchies. The great irony of the humanized birth movement lies in parents' perspective of themselves as critics of late capitalism. All the while, their very rejection of consumerism bolsters ongoing commodification of indigenous culture and collapses indigeneity, nature, and tradition onto one another...
September 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666134/the-work-of-inscription-antenatal-care-birth-documents-and-shan-migrant-women-in-chiang-mai
#15
Bo Kyeong Seo
For transnational migrant populations, securing birth documents of newly born children has crucial importance in avoiding statelessness for new generations. Drawing on discussions of sovereignty and political subjectivization, I ask how the fact of birth is constituted in the context of transnational migration. Based on ethnographic data collected from an antenatal clinic in Thailand, this article describes how Shan migrant women from Burma (Myanmar) utilize reproductive health services as a way of assuring a safe birth while acquiring identification documents...
September 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623675/bioseguridad-in-mexico-pursuing-security-between-local-and-global-biologies
#16
Emily Mannix Wanderer
In the aftermath of the 2009 outbreak of H1N1 influenza, scientists in Mexico sought to develop bioseguridad, that is, to protect biological life in Mexico by safely conducting research on infectious disease. Drawing on ethnographic research in laboratories and with scientists in Mexico, I look at how scientists make claims about local differences in regulations, infrastructure, bodies, and culture. The scientists working with infectious microbes sought to establish how different microbial ecologies, human immune systems, and political and regulatory systems made the risks of research different in Mexico from other countries...
September 14, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159231/dying-for-money-the-effects-of-global-health-initiatives-on-ngos-working-with-gay-men-and-hiv-aids-in-northwest-china
#17
Casey James Miller
Drawing on 17 months of ethnographic fieldwork (2007-2011), this article critically examines the consequences of two global health initiatives (GHIs), the Global Fund and the Gates Foundation, on NGOs engaged in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment among gay men in northwest China. I argue that a short-term surge in funding provided by GHIs between 2008 and 2010 exacerbated preexisting conflicts between NGOs by promoting a neoliberal process in which the state outsourced public health services to civil society organizations, deliberately encouraging a climate of competition among NGOs...
September 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990015/-no-one-ever-even-asked-me-that-before-autobiographical-power-social-defeat-and-recovery-among-african-americans-with-lived-experiences-of-psychosis
#18
Neely Anne Laurenzo Myers, Tali Ziv
Our article draws on ethnographic research with African American males diagnosed with a psychotic disorder in a high-poverty urban area of the northeastern United States. Our participants frequently described the ways public mental health services led them to experience a paralyzing erosion of autobiographical power, which we define as the ability to tell one's own story and be the editor of one's own life. We identified three important points when the loss of autobiographical power seemed to perpetuate social defeat or a sense of social powerlessness (Luhrmann 2007) for our participants during their interactions with public mental health care...
September 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841360/-i-hope-i-get-movie-star-teeth-doing-the-exceptional-normal-in-orthodontic-practice-for-young-people
#19
Anette Wickström
Orthodontics offer young people the chance to improve their bite and adjust their appearances. The most common reasons for orthodontic treatment concern general dentists', parents' or children's dissatisfaction with the esthetics of the bite. My aim is to analyze how esthetic norms are used during three activities preceding possible treatment with fixed appliances. The evaluation indexes signal definitiveness and are the essential grounds for decision-making. In parallel, practitioners and patients refer to self-perceived satisfaction with appearances...
September 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26818631/the-global-context-of-vaccine-refusal-insights-from-a-systematic-comparative-ethnography-of-the-global-polio-eradication-initiative
#20
Svea Closser, Anat Rosenthal, Kenneth Maes, Judith Justice, Kelly Cox, Patricia A Omidian, Ismaila Zango Mohammed, Aminu Mohammed Dukku, Adam D Koon, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye
Many of medical anthropology's most pressing research questions require an understanding how infections, money, and ideas move around the globe. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) is a $9 billion project that has delivered 20 billion doses of oral polio vaccine in campaigns across the world. With its array of global activities, it cannot be comprehensively explored by the traditional anthropological method of research at one field site. This article describes an ethnographic study of the GPEI, a collaborative effort between researchers at eight sites in seven countries...
September 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
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