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Acta Biologica Hungarica

Tibor Kiss, Nóra Krajcs
Earlier experiments demonstrated that in order to place protracted tentacles and thereby olfactory receptors in an appropriate position for optimal perception of odor stimuli extraordinary complex movements are required. Until recently both large scale tentacle movements and patterned tentacle movements have been attributed to the concerted involvement of the tentacle retractor muscle and muscles of tegumentum. Recently the existence of three novel muscles in the posterior tentacles of Helix has been discovered...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Monireh Cheniany, Ali Ganjeali
Phenylalanine-ammonia-lyase and cinnamate-4-hydroxylase play important role in the phenylpropanoid pathway, which produces many biologically important secondary metabolites participating in normal plant development. Flavonol quercetin is the main representant of these compounds that has been identified in numerous Juglans spp. In this survey, the developmental expression patterns of PAL and C4H genes during in vitro rooting of two walnut cultivars 'Sunland' and 'Howard' was examined by RT-PCR. To understand the potential role in rooting, the changing pattern of endogenous content of quercetin was also analyzed by HPLC...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Yasemin Ozdener Kompe, Ahmet Sagiroglu
In this study, Eruca sativa (Rocket) seedlings were treated with different cadmium (Cd) concentrations (0, 150, 300 and 450 μg ∙ g(-1)). The effects of Cd on lipid peroxidation, enzymatic (APx, CAT, GPX, SOD) and non-enzymatic antioxidants (total ascorbate, dehydroascorbate, ascorbate, non-protein thiol), fresh and dry masses, water content were determined. Also, Cd content of the leaves and the roots were analysed. The highest cadmium accumulation of leaves was at 450 μg ∙ g(-1) Cd treatment and the accumulation was 2...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Zsuzsanna Solt, Andrea Zsombok, Edit Pollák, László Molnár
By means of whole mount NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry the distribution pattern of primary sensory cells (PSC) and the pathway of their central processes in the ventral nerve cord (VNC) ganglia were investigated in the lumbricid earthworms, Eisenia fetida and Lumbricus terrestris. The distribution pattern of the stained structures seemed to be the same in both species investigated. Strong labelling occurred in sensory fibre branches of segmental nerves and in each of the sensory longitudinal axon bundles of VNC ganglia...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Małgorzata Kus-Liśkiewicz
The proteins interaction with DNA is one of the key regulatory elements of many biological processes; including gene transcription, epigenetic modification or cell differentiation. Immunoprecipitation of chromatin; ChIP; is a method used to assess the interaction of the protein with a DNA sequence, and determines the localization of specific locus in the genome. The main steps of this method are fixation, sonication, immunoprecipitation and analysis of DNA. Although the immunoprecipitation assay is a multipurpose tool applied in biochemistry and biotechnology, it requires optimization...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Andrea Valasek, Írisz Éva Kiss, István Fodor, Márk Kovács, Péter Urbán, Éva Jámbor, Csaba Fekete, Ildikó Kerepesi
Saccharomonospora azurea SZMC 14600 is a member of the family Pseudonocardiaceae exclusively used for industrial scale production of primycin a large 36-membered non-polyene macrolide lactone antibiotic belonging to the polyketide class of natural products. Even though maximum antibiotic yield has been achieved by empirically optimized two-step fermentation process, little is known about the molecular components and mechanisms underlying the efficient antibiotic production. In order to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between the pre- and main-fermentation stages of primycin, comparative 2D-PAGE experiments were performed...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Parisa Rahimi Tamandegani, Doustmorad Zafari, Tamás Marik, András Szekeres, Csaba Vágvölgyi, László Kredics
Five Iranian Trichoderma isolates from species T. viride, T. viridescens, T. asperellum, T. longibrachiatum and T. citrinoviride - selected from the Fungal Collection of the Bu Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran - were investigated for their peptaibol production. All examined isolates showed remarkable antibacterial activities during the screening of their extracts for peptaibol content with a Micrococcus luteus test culture. HPLC-ESI-IT MS was used for identification and elucidation of the amino acid sequences of peptaibols...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Kristóf Csepregi, Éva Hideg
Assays assessing non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide antioxidant capacities are often hampered by the high UV absorption of the sample itself. This is a typical problem in studies using plant extracts with high polyphenol content. Our assay is based on comparing the 405 nm absorption of the product of potassium iodine and hydrogen peroxide in the presence and absence of a putative hydrogen peroxide reactive antioxidant. This method is free of interference with either hydrogen peroxide or antioxidant self-absorption and it is also suitable for high-throughput plate reader applications...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Henryk Dębski, Magdalena Szwed, WiesŁaw Wiczkowski, Dorota Szawara-Nowak, Natalia Bączek, Marcin Horbowicz
The impact of short-term UV-B treatment on the content of individual flavonoids and photosynthetic pigments in cotyledons and the growth of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) seedlings was investigated. Seeds of four common buckwheat cultivars were germinated in darkness over a period of 4 days and acclimatized for 2 days under a 16/8 h light/dark photoperiod at 24/18 °C day/night, and exposure to 100-120 μmol ∙ m(-2) ∙ s(-1) of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). Seedlings were divided into three batches, including two batches subjected to different doses of UV-B (5 W ∙ m(-2) and 10 W ∙ m(-2), one hour per day) for 5 days, and a control group exposed to PAR only...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Rita Csepregi, Tímea Bencsik, Nóra Papp
Anthyllis vulneraria L., Fuchsia sp., Galium mollugo L., and Veronica beccabunga L. were selected to analyse the phenolic content and the antioxidant activity by ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) assays. The highest polyphenol, tannin, and flavonoid contents were measured in Fuchsia species (7.40 ± 0.8, 5.62 ± 0.7 and 0.72 ± 0.1 g/100 g dry weight), while the lowest values were detected in Anthyllis vulneraria (0.68 ± 0.02, 0.17 ± 0.03 and 0...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Sara Keramati, Hemmatollah Pirdashti, Valliollah Babaeizad, Ali Dehestani
Essential oil content and oil composition of paclobutrazol treated sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) plant inoculated with Piriformospora indica under salt stress were investigated by GC-MS. The results show a slight increase in essential oil content when basil plants subjected to moderate salinity stress (3 dS m(-1) of NaCl). It decreased signifiicantly with increasing salinity level to 9 dS m(-1). The findings revealed that leaf area, above ground and leaf dry weights, essential oil content and yield were significantly affected by P...
December 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Erika-Beáta Kerekes, Anita Vidács, Julianna Jenei Török, Csilla Gömöri, Tamás Petkovits, Muthusamy Chandrasekaran, Shine Kadaikunnan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Judit Krisch
The anti-listerial effect of marjoram, thyme essential oils (EOs) and thymol on Listeria monocytogenes inoculated chicken breast fillets was investigated. Before inoculation the fillets were pretreated by washing or not under running tap water. Inoculated samples were kept at 6 °C for 24 h to allow the growth of L. monocytogenes. After this, the fillets were put in marinating solutions containing salt (5%) and EOs or thymol in MIC/2 concentration established in vitro. Total germ count (TGC) and L. monocytogenes count was monitored on the meat surface and in the marinating solutions following 24 and 48 h storage at 6 °C...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Ágota Jónás, Erzsébet Fekete, Zoltán Németh, Michel Flipphi, Levente Karaffa
In this study, we analyzed the expression of the structural genes encoding the five enzymes comprising the Leloir pathway of D-galactose catabolism in the industrial cell factory Penicillium chrysogenum on various carbon sources. The genome of P. chrysogenum contains a putative galactokinase gene at the annotated locus Pc13g10140, the product of which shows strong structural similarity to yeast galactokinase that was expressed on lactose and D-galactose only. The expression profile of the galactose-1-phosphate uridylyl transferase gene at annotated locus Pc15g00140 was essentially similar to that of galactokinase...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Ehab A Beltagy, Aliaa El-Borai, Marina Lewiz, Samy A ElAssar
An alginate lyase with high specific enzyme activity was purified from Pseudomonas stutzeri MSEA04, isolated from marine brown algae. The alginate lyase was purified by precipitation with ammonium sulphate, acetone and ethanol individually. 70% ethanol fraction showed maximum specific activity (133.3 U/mg). This fraction was re-purified by anion exchange chromatography DEAE- Cellulose A-52. The loaded protein was separated into 3 peaks. The second protein peak was the major one which contained 48.2% of the total protein recovered and 79...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Najat A W Bukhari, Iram Siddique, Kahkashan Perveen
An efficient protocol was developed for clonal multiplication of an important shrub: Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew, through in vitro shoot induction and multiplication from nodal explants. Pretreatment of nodal explants in a liquid Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium augmented with various thidiazuron (TDZ) concentrations at relatively high levels (5-100 μM) for different time duration (4, 8, 12 and 16 d), proved a significant approach for in vitro shoot production. After an initial exposure time to TDZ, nodal explants were inoculated onto a MS basal medium devoid of TDZ for further induction and proliferation...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Meppaloor G Prakash, Ill Min Chung
The effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) was studied in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings under in vitro exposure conditions. To avoid precipitation of nanoparticles, the seedlings were grown in half strength semisolid Murashige and Skoog medium containing 0, 50, 100, 200, 400 and 500 mg L(-1) of ZnONPs. Analysis of zinc (Zn) content showed significant increase in roots. In vivo detection using fluorescent probe Zynpyr-1 indicated accumulation of Zn in primary and lateral root tips. All concentrations of ZnONPs significantly reduced root growth...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Neda Haddadderafshi, Tímea Borbála Pósa, Gábor Péter, László Gáspár, Márta Ladányi, Károly Hrotkó, Noémi Lukács, Krisztián Halász
Endophytic fungi have the potential to protect their host plants in stress situations. Characterizing the ecology and complex interaction between these endophytes and their host plants is therefore of great practical importance, particularly in horticultural plants. Among horticultural plants, fruit trees form a special category because of their longevity and because they are composites of rootstock and scion, which often belong to different plant species. Here we present the first characterization of culturable endophytic fungal community of sweet cherry...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Helga Egri Bosnyákné, Ildikó Kerepesi, Sándor Keszthelyi
Climate change has brought about an increasing level of seedcorn maggot (Delia platura Meigen, 1826) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) damage in Hungary. In order to have a more accurate understanding of the effects of these plant injuries induced by the larvae of D. platura, the nutrient content of soybean (Glycine max L. Merill.) was studied. Our results show that the moisture, raw fat, raw fibre, and raw ash content of the batches damaged by D. platura were significantly less in comparison with that of the control samples...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Medhat Ali, Marwa Abou Eldahab, Hoda Anwer Mansour, Ahmed Nigm
Schistosoma mansoni is one of the parasites causing schistosomiasis, a disease which threatens millions of people all over the world. Traditional chemical drugs are not fully effective against schistosomaisis due to the evolving drug resistant worm strains, so exploring new remedies derived from natural products is a good way to fight schistosomiasis. In the present investigation two natural products, Nigella sativa oil and Chroococcus turgidus extract were used separately or in a combination to explore their effect on S...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Huan Zhang, Pan Wang, Ai-Jun Zhang, Xuan Li, Ji-Hong Zhang, Qi-Lian Qin, Yi-Jun Wu
The housefly is an important resource insect and the housefly larvae are ideal source of food additives. The housefly larvae protein hydrolysates were obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis by alcalase and neutral proteinase. Their antioxidant activities were investigated, including the superoxide and hydroxyl radicalscavenging activity, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity, reducing power and metal chelating activity. The antioxidant activities of both hydrolysates increased with their increasing concentrations...
September 2016: Acta Biologica Hungarica
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