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Taro Kishi, Yuki Matsui, Yuki Matsuda, Asuka Katsuki, Hikaru Hori, Hiroko Yanagimoto, Kenji Sanada, Kiichiro Morita, Reiji Yoshimura, Yoshihisa Shoji, Katsuhiko Hagi, Nakao Iwata
INTRODUCTION: We conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing blonanserin with other antipsychotics (amisulpride, aripiprazole, haloperidol, paliperidone, and risperidone). METHODS: Weighted mean difference (WMD), risk ratio, and number needed to harm (NNH) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated using random-effects model. RESULTS: Ten RCTs (n = 1521) were included in this study...
March 7, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Chunsong Yang, Zilong Hao, Ling-Li Zhang, Cai-Rong Zhu, Ping Zhu, Qin Guo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of antipsychotic drugs for tic disorders (TDs) in a network meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and 4 Chinese databases were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of antipsychotic drugs for TDs were included. RESULTS: Sixty RCTs were included. In terms of tic symptom score, compared with placebo, haloperidol, risperidone, aripiprazole, quetiapine, olanzapine, and ziprasidone can significantly improve tic symptom score (standardized mean differences [SMD] ranged from -12...
March 5, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Patrik Roser, Eva-Maria Pichler, Benedikt Habermeyer, Wolfram Kawohl, Georg Juckel
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis use disorders (CUD) are highly prevalent among patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). Deficient mismatch negativity (MMN) generation is a characteristic finding in SCZ patients and cannabis users. This study therefore examined the effects of CUD on MMN generation in SCZ patients. METHODS: Twenty SCZ - CUD patients, 21 SCZ+CUD patients, and 20 healthy controls (HC) were included in this study. MMN to frequency and duration deviants was elicited within an auditory oddball paradigm and recorded by 32 channel EEG...
March 5, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Anne Duffy, Paul Grof
INTRODUCTION: There is a resurgence of interest in lithium treatment of bipolar disorders in part related to its unique anti-suicidal and neuroprotective effects. METHODS: This is a narrative review of key studies pertaining to the effectiveness and tolerability of lithium treatment in pediatric populations. RESULTS: Evidence supports that lithium is an effective and generally well-tolerated acute treatment for pediatric mania compared to placebo...
February 28, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Wei Zheng, Qing-E Zhang, Dong-Bin Cai, Xin-Hu Yang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Ren-Rong Wu, Yu-Tao Xiang
INTRODUCTION: Weight gain is a common antipsychotic (AP)-related adverse drug reaction (ADR) that can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality. This meta-analysis examined the efficacy and tolerability of combining metformin and lifestyle intervention for AP-related weight gain in schizophrenia. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with meta-analyzable data were searched and retrieved by 2 independent investigators. RevMan software (version 5...
February 27, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Yui Murata, Miki Bundo, Fumiko Sunaga, Kiyoto Kasai, Kazuya Iwamoto
INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence suggests the importance of epigenetic changes in the brain induced by antipsychotic drugs. However, due to the lack of systematic investigation, their effects on epigenetic status remain largely unclear. During the course of examining the epigenetic effects of antipsychotics, we here focused on perospirone, an atypical antipsychotic drug mainly used in Japan. METHODS: Genomic DNA was obtained from human neuroblastoma cells exposed to 2 different doses of perospirone...
February 27, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Claire Montlahuc, Emmanuel Curis, Diane Grillault Laroche, Gérald Bagoe, Bruno Etain, Frank Bellivier, Sylvie Chevret
BACKGROUND: This study aims at characterizing French psychiatrists' opinions regarding definition criteria and factors associated with lithium prophylactic response in patients with bipolar disorders. METHODS: After a literature review, an online survey targeted French psychiatrists in 2016. RESULTS: Literature review showed inconsistencies in reported definition criteria and clinical predictors of lithium prophylactic response. A total of 104 psychiatrists, mostly working in hospitals, completed the survey...
February 27, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Gudrun Hefner, Martina Hahn, Matthias Hohner, Sybille C Roll, Ansgar Klimke, Christoph Hiemke
INTRODUCTION: Many antidepressants cause QT prolongation but the classification of cardiac risk of these drugs varies markedly in different published lists. This retrospective study analyzed the correlation of QTc time with amitriptyline and venlafaxine serum level in elderly psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Elderly inpatients aged≥65 years for whom venlafaxine or amitriptyline serum level had been measured were selected retrospectively from a therapeutic drug monitoring database and screened for an electrocardiogram measurement at the time of blood withdrawal...
February 21, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Petr Silhan, Romana Urinovska, Ivana Kacirova, Martin Hyza, Milan Grundmann, Eva Ceskova
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of plasma levels of antidepressants may improve the treatment outcome. The aim was to verify adherence and adequacy of administered doses of antidepressants among patients hospitalized for inadequate outpatient therapeutic response. METHODS: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or venlafaxine plasma levels were assessed on the first day of hospitalization and after 3 days of controlled administration. The patients were considered adherent if the plasma level on admission was within the interval of the minimum and maximum plasma level on the fourth day, expanded by 30%...
February 19, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
A Miclea, M Miclea, M Pistor, K Stegmayer, R Hoepner
INTRODUCTION: Substantial evidence has indicated an association between hypogonadism and depressive symptoms, which led to the conduction of studies that found an ameliorating effect of testosterone (T) supplementation (S) upon depression in men. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records identified 16 depressed, hypogonadal men who have not responded adequately to initial antidepressant therapy and subsequently received intramuscular T injections. Following the proposal of Button et al...
February 1, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Philipp Hessmann, Richard Dodel, Erika Baum, Matthias J Müller, Greta Paschke, Bernhard Kis, Jan Zeidler, Mike Klora, Jens-Peter Reese, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer
INTRODUCTION: Benzodiazepines and related drugs (BZDR) should be avoided in patients with cognitive impairment. We evaluated the relationship between a BZDR treatment and the health status of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 395 AD patients using bivariate and multiple logistic analyses to assess correlations between the prescription of BZDR and patients' characteristics (cognitive and functional capacity, health-related quality of life (HrQoL), neuropsychiatric symptoms)...
January 31, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Theresa Dembler-Stamm, Jana Fiebig, Andreas Heinz, Jürgen Gallinat
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction figures prominently in patients with schizophrenia; however, medication effects may play a role. The objective of this case control study was to assess differences in the presence of sexual dysfunction in unmedicated patients with schizophrenia versus healthy controls. METHODS: Sexual dysfunction was assessed using the Derogatis Inventory for Sexual Function self-rating in a cross-sectional design controlling for age and gender effects...
January 29, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Olga Geisel, Ludwig Schlemm, Rainer Hellweg, Klaus Wiedemann, Christian A Müller
AIMS: Activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis has been reported to be affected in alcohol use disorder (AUD). It has been suggested that pharmacological relapse prevention in AUD might exert its effects partly by modulation of HPA axis activity. Here, we assessed the effects of high-dose treatment with baclofen on HPA axis activity in alcohol-dependent patients within a 24-week randomized, placebo-controlled trial (BACLAD study). METHODS: Plasma levels of copeptin, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and cortisol were measured at 3 timepoints in alcohol-dependent patients during the study...
January 22, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
René Ernst Nielsen, Lars Vedel Kessing, Willem A Nolen, Rasmus W Licht
INTRODUCTION: Lithium is established as an effective treatment of mania, of depression in bipolar and unipolar disorder, and in maintenance treatment of these disorders. However, due to the necessity of monitoring and concerns about irreversible adverse effects, in particular renal impairment, after long-term use, lithium might be underutilized. METHODS: This study reviewed 6 large observational studies addressing the risk of impaired renal function associated with lithium treatment and methodological issues impacting interpretation of results...
January 18, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Lisa Proebstl, Felicia Kamp, Gabi Koller, Michael Soyka
Methamphetamine use has spread in many European countries and the United States. The current review provides a summary and critical analysis of research on cognitive deficits associated with methamphetamine, also known as "crystal meth." The literature search performed for this review led us to the hypothesis that methamphetamine use is associated with persistent changes in brain metabolism that result in various impairments, such as deficits in memory, attention, and concentration. The dopaminergic system in particular seems to be affected...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Charlotte Schröder, Fabian Czerwensky, Stefan Leucht, Werner Steimer
INTRODUCTION: Weight gain is a limiting and frequent adverse effect of second-generation antipsychotic therapy. Identifying genetic risk factors would significantly improve pharmacotherapy. METHODS: We focused on rs7185735 and rs9939609, 2 common single nucleotide polymorphisms of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene reported to be associated with obesity. Three-hundred fifty Caucasian inpatients were included in a naturalistic study. RESULTS: After 4 weeks of treatment, we did not observe any significant association of polymorphisms with weight change in the whole study population (p>0...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Adam Kroc, Marta Dębicka, Aleksandra Wierzbicka, Lidia Wołkow, Wojciech Jernajczyk, Adam Wichniak
INTRODUCTION: One of the common side effects of antipsychotic drugs is excessive sedation. The treatment with antipsychotics often manifests as an increase in slow wave activity in electroencephalography (EEG). The aim of this study was to analyze EEG recordings of patients treated with a non-sedative antipsychotic drug sertindole with regard to its adverse effects and clinical efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: EEG recordings of 45 patients (27 females, mean age 30...
January 11, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Janusz K Rybakowski, Aleksandra Suwalska, Tomas Hajek
Evidence for a neuroprotective effect of lithium has accumulated over the last 2 decades, and this phenomenon has been regarded as an important mechanism of lithium action in mood disorders. It has been reflected by an increase in cerebral gray matter volume in lithium-treated subjects and by the favorable influence of lithium on cognitive functions. A neuroprotective effect of lithium also makes this ion a possible candidate for use as a therapeutic drug in neurology, especially in neurodegenerative disorders...
December 21, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
C Hiemke, N Bergemann, H W Clement, A Conca, J Deckert, K Domschke, G Eckermann, K Egberts, M Gerlach, C Greiner, G Gründer, E Haen, U Havemann-Reinecke, G Hefner, R Helmer, G Janssen, E Jaquenoud, G Laux, T Messer, R Mössner, M J Müller, M Paulzen, B Pfuhlmann, P Riederer, A Saria, B Schoppek, G Schoretsanitis, M Schwarz, M Silva Gracia, B Stegmann, W Steimer, J C Stingl, M Uhr, S Ulrich, S Unterecker, R Waschgler, G Zernig, G Zurek, P Baumann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
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