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International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895369/the-role-of-intravascular-ultrasound-in-lower-limb-revascularization-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#1
Gregory C Makris, Pavlina Chrysafi, Mark Little, Rafiuddin Patel, Mark Bratby, Andrew Wigham, Susan Anthony, Raman Uberoi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review is to explore the safety and effectiveness of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) during lower limb endovascular interventions in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). METHODS: A systematic review of the PubMed and Scopus databases was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. Clinical studies evaluating IVUS as an adjunct to angiography during revascularization procedures in patients with PAD were included. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were identified, with a total number of 2,258 patients having had IVUS for PAD intervention...
September 11, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895368/gestational-lower-limb-edema-and-venous-reflux-in-healthy-primigravidae
#2
Leandro A Gardenghi, Nei R Dezotti, Marcelo B Dalio, Edwaldo E Joviliano, Carlos E Piccinato
BACKGROUND: Analyze the association of lower limb edema with venous reflux in healthy primigravidae during pregnancy and in the postpartum. METHODS: Cohort with primigravidae evaluated in the three trimesters of pregnancy and postpartum. Edema was assessed by physical examination. Duplex evaluated venous reflux in both limbs. RESULTS: In the first trimester, no woman presented edema or venous reflux. In the second trimester, venous reflux was found in one patient (5%) and edema was found in four women (20%)...
September 11, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895367/is-management-of-complex-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-consistent-across-the-uk-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#3
Eleanor Atkins, Ranjeet Narlawar, Francesco Torella, George A Antoniou
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to quantify variability across the UK in the management of a complex abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: An online survey was emailed to all members of the Vascular Society for Great Britain and Ireland. The survey presented a vignette of a 63-year-old woman with significant respiratory co-morbidity whose computed tomographic (CT) angiogram demonstrated a 54 mm AAA with a short (7 mm) proximal neck but no other adverse morphological features for a standard or complex endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR)...
September 11, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893061/factors-affecting-the-validity-of-the-oscillometric-ankle-brachial-index-to-detect-peripheral-arterial-disease
#4
Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
BACKGROUND: The use of oscillometric ankle brachial index (ABI) to diagnose peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has raised concern, especially due to a lack of agreement and sensitivity. This study aimed to evaluate those factors affecting the validity of oscillometric ABI in comparison to Doppler ABI to detect PAD. METHODS: Through univariate and multivariate linear regression, we studied those factors affecting the differences between oscillometric and Doppler ABI; through univariate and multivariate logistic regression we analyzed the false negative rate of oscillometric ABI to detect PAD...
September 8, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884985/staged-endovascular-repair-of-critical-limb-ischemia-in-high-risk-patients-the-procedural-and-clinical-outcomes
#5
Guang Liu, Chaoyi Cui, Minyi Yin, Kaichuang Ye, Xaiobing Liu, Jinbao Qin, Huihua Shi, Xintian Huang, Min Lu, Xinwu Lu, Weimin Li, Mier Jiang
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the procedural and clinical outcomes after staged angioplasty in high-risk, chronic, critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2015, 29 patients (29 limbs) (mean age 77 years) were treated by staged revascularization procedures in (i) the iliac artery-DFA alone or with the femoropopliteal artery followed by (ii) the femoropopliteal artery and a below-the-knee artery. All patients had long-segment iliofemoral artery and below-the-knee artery (TASCII D) occlusions with abnormal serum myoglobin and ischemic lesions...
September 7, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854780/more-on-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-ezetimibe
#6
Kosmas I Paraskevas, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854779/patients-opinions-regarding-research-and-management-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#7
Regent Lee, Amy Jones, Ismail Cassimjee, Ashok Handa
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is changing. Outcomes for aortic surgery have improved. Biomarkers of AAA progression are emerging. We recently reported the opinions of international vascular surgery colleagues regarding research and management for AAAs. This study aimed to ascertain a real-world patients' opinion regarding the same questions. METHODS: We administered a survey to patients with AAAs. We first ascertained their views on the priority topics for research in AAA...
August 30, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854778/nocturnal-leg-symptoms-are-not-associated-with-specific-patterns-of-superficial-venous-insufficiency
#8
Lisa F Fronek, Nisha J Bunke, Helane S Fronek
BACKGROUND: Certain nocturnal symptoms such as leg cramping (LC) and restless leg symptoms (RLS) are found in patients with venous disease.1 This study investigates the relationship between nocturnal symptoms and anatomic locations of superficial venous insufficiency. METHODS: A retrospective review of 371 consecutive patients presenting to a venous disease practice over a 1-year period was conducted. Patients underwent comprehensive assessment including standardized duplex scans...
August 30, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641408/extended-use-of-sulodexide-apixaban-rivaroxaban-and-dabigatran-in-venous-thromboembolism-indirect-comparison-of-clinical-trials
#9
Witold Tomkowski, Paweł Kuca, Angelo A Bignamini, Giseppe M Andreozzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641407/efficacy-of-ezetimibe-combined-with-atorvastatin-in-the-treatment-of-carotid-artery-plaque-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-complicated-with-coronary-heart-disease
#10
Jing Wang, Xiao-Bo Ai, Fei Wang, Yao-Wu Zou, Li Li, Xiao-Lei Yi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ezetimibe combined with atorvastatin in treatment of carotid artery plaque in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A total of 100 patients with carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) confirmed by ultrasound and diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus and CHD were randomly assigned to atorvastatin group (atorvastatin 20 mg/day) or combined treatment group (ezetimibe 10 mg/day and atorvastatin 20 mg/day)...
October 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541017/extracranial-internal-carotid-artery-calcium-volume-measurement-using-computer-tomography
#11
Hediyeh Baradaran, Chuen R Ng, Ajay Gupta, Norliza M Noor, Khalid W Al-Dasuqi, Edward E Mtui, Omar M Rijal, Argiris Giannopoulos, Andrew Nicolaides, John R Laird, Luca Saba, Jasjit S Suri
BACKGROUND: The extent of calcium volume in the carotid arteries of contrast-based computer tomography (CT) is a valuable indicator of stroke risk. This study presents an automated, simple and fast calcium volume computation system. Since the high contrast agent can sometimes obscure the presence of calcium in the CT slices, it is therefore necessary to identify these slices before the corrected volume can be estimated. METHODS: The system typically consists of segmenting the calcium region from the CT scan into slices based on Hounsfield Unit-based threshold, and subsequently computing the summation of the calcium areas in each slice...
October 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26344511/rickettsia-infection-could-be-the-missing-piece-of-the-buerger-s-disease-puzzle
#12
Bahare Fazeli, Hassan Ravari, Kiarash Ghazvini
BACKGROUND: Rickettsia was suggested as a possible etiology of Buerger's disease (BD) in the 1980s but this suggestion was never ruled out or proven. Recently, we found evidence of Rickettsia by polymerase chain reaction in 3 out of 25 biopsy samples from the amputated limb of a young man diagnosed with BD. The aim of this paper was to investigate the presence of anti-rickettsial antibodies in the sera of BD patients. METHODS: To detect the IgG class antibody against Rickettsia rickettsii, which has cross reactions with the spotted fever group (RSFG), and Rickettsia typhi, which has cross reactions with typhus fever group, the sera of patients and controls were diluted to 1:64 and analyzed by indirect micro fluorescence immunoassay (MIF)...
October 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594157/validity-of-transcutaneous-oxygen-measurement-in-peripheral-arterial-disease
#13
Pavel Poredoš
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001011/deterioration-of-endothelial-function-of-micro-and-macrocirculation-in-patients-with-diabetes-type-1-and-2
#14
Hana Besic, Luka Jeraj, Ana Spirkoska, Mateja K Jezovnik, Pavel Poredoš
BACKGROUND: Vascular complications are an important cause of morbidity in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Endothelial dysfunction is an early marker of atherosclerosis and has already been shown in macrocirculation of diabetic patients; however, data on endothelial function of microcirculation is scarce. Our aim was to evaluate endothelial function in macro- and microcirculation and their interrelationship in patients with type 1 and 2 DM. METHODS: The study included 30 patients with type 1 DM, 30 patients with type 2 DM and 25 healthy controls...
August 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25027598/impaired-central-arterial-elasticity-in-young-adults-born-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#15
Pier Paolo Bassareo, Luca Saba, Melania Puddu, Vassilios Fanos, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth retardation and prematurity at birth constitute risk factors for future cardiovascular adverse events. Some previous reports have highlighted that subjects born preterm may develop peripheral arterial dysfunction. However, central (aortic) arterial distensibility has not yet been fully investigated in these subjects. METHODS: Sixty subjects were enrolled: thirty were high grade ex-preterm subjects (10 males [M] and 20 females [F], aged 17-28, mean 20...
August 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598141/evaluation-of-cerebral-perfusion-by-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-at-low-mechanical-index-in-cerebral-ischemia-rat-model
#16
Xiaolei Wang, Bo Liu, Jiongou Liu, Aitong Sun, Yan Cui, Rui Xiao, Chunyang Li
BACKGROUND: No data is available for brain low mechanical index (low-MI) contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). This study aimed to assess low-MI CEUS for cerebral ischemia in rats. METHODS: Twenty adult Wistar rats were divided to the brain ischemia (n=12) and sham (n=8) groups. A Logiq E9 (GE; ML6-15 probe) was used. Bolus injection of SonoVue (Bracco) at 3.6 ml/kg was performed. Cerebral perfusion was evaluated using time to peak (TTP) and area under the curve (AUC) of time-intensity curves (TIC)...
June 9, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598140/biomarker-profiling-of-plasma-samples-for-various-diseases-utilizing-randox-biochip-array-technology
#17
Jennifer Saluk, Debra Hoppensteadt, Danyel Syed, Jeffrey Liles, Schuharazad Abro, Amanda Walborn, Vinod Bansal, Jawed Fareed
RANDOX Biochip Array Technology offers an efficient, cost-effective method of measuring multiple analytes on a large number of samples in biologic fluids. This innovative technology has proven extremely useful in the profiling of markers in a number of different disease states. Biochip arrays have also shown promise in clinical trials, offering rapid evaluation of multiple markers and circulating levels of the analyte with only a small sample. This biochip technology has broad applications in clinical, pharmaceutical, toxicological, immunologic and microbiologic areas...
June 9, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217989/comparison-of-endovenous-ablation-techniques-foam-sclerotherapy-and-surgical-stripping-for-great-saphenous-varicose-veins-extended-5-year-follow-up-of-a-rct
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Martin Lawaetz, Julie Serup, Birgit Lawaetz, Lars Bjoern, Allan Blemings, Bo Eklof, Lars Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: This study compares the outcome 5 years after treatment of varicose veins with endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA), endovenous laser ablation (EVLA), ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) or high ligation and stripping (HL/S) by assessing technical efficacy, clinical recurrence and the rate of reoperations. METHODS: Five hundred patients (580 legs) with Great Saphenous Vein (GSV) reflux and varicose veins were randomized to one of the 4 treatments...
June 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882913/persistent-sciatic-artery-aneurysm-a-potential-cause-of-acute-lower-limb-ischemia-in-young-patients
#19
Konstantinos Spanos, Sokol Xhepa, Athanasios D Giannoukas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882912/does-the-use-of-a-hybrid-theatre-in-vascular-surgery-result-in-improved-clinical-outcomes-and-radiation-protection
#20
Sarah-Louise McANELLY, Damian Kelleher, Riza Ibrahim, George A Antoniou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
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