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International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745618/medical-management-of-stable-peripheral-artery-disease-pad-and-the-compass-trial-are-we-improving-medical-care-perspectives-from-a-vascular-standpoint
#1
Eduardo Ramacciotti, Valter Castelli, Jeanine Walenga, Jawed Fareed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745617/predictors-of-long-term-mortality-following-elective-endovascular-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#2
Guilherme Marques-Rios, José Oliveira-Pinto, Armando Mansilha
INTRODUCTION: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) became the preferred modality for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. However, long term survival benefit may sometimes be questionable as many patients would die from other causes rather than aneurysm rupture. It is paramount to identify critical risk factors for late mortality after EVAR to understand its real benefit. The aim of this review is to identify most clinically relevant determinants of late mortality after elective EVAR...
May 9, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644836/elevated-extracellular-nucleosomes-and-their-relevance-to-inflammation-in-stage-5-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Trung Phan, Ryan McMillan, Leonidas Skiadopoulos, Amanda Walborn, Debra Hoppensteadt, Jawed Fareed, Vinod Bansal
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a disorder characterized by a pro-inflammatory state that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Endogenous damage- associated molecular patterns, including nucleosomes, may contribute to this persistent inflammation. The aim of this study was to profile and evaluate the clinical significance of circulating nucleosomes in patients with Stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD5) on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: Under institutional review board approval, plasma samples were collected from 90 CKD5-HD patients (45 male and 45 female) prior to hemodialysis...
April 11, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644835/risk-assessment-as-a-guide-for-the-prevention-of-cancer-associated-thromboembolism
#4
Ahmed Al-Ogaili, Harry E Fuentes, Alfonso J Tafur, Joseph Caprini
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major source of morbidity and mortality among patients diagnosed with cancer. In addition to an increased risk of VTE, patients with cancer are at higher risk of bleeding while receiving therapeutic anticoagulation. Aggressive and targeted thromboprophylaxis is a crucial practice to avoid the dreaded complications of VTE. Risk assessment models (RAM) are tools developed to identify high-risk patients in whom thromboprophylaxis is beneficial. This review describes the most validated VTE RAMs in patients with cancer...
April 11, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644834/31p-mr-spectroscopy-of-patients-with-mild-and-serious-lower-limb-ischemia
#5
Petr Sedivy, Miloslav Drobny, Monika Dezortova, Vit Herynek, Karel Roztocil, Helena Cermakova, Andrea Nemcova, Michal Dubsky, Milan Hajek
BACKGROUND: 31P MR spectroscopy is a technique for undertaking a comprehensive evaluation of muscle metabolism. The goal of this study was to compare patients with mild and severe lower limb ischemia measured by 31P MR spectroscopy at rest and during exercise. METHODS: 16 nondiabetic mild peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) patients, 23 diabetic PAOD patients with severe ischemia and 19 healthy controls were examined by rest and dynamic 31P MR spectroscopy with a 3T MR system equipped with an MR-compatible home-made pedal ergometer...
April 11, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557158/minimization-of-skin-incisions-at-stripping-by-mayo-of-large-diameter-veins
#6
Yu Tsukanov
BACKGROUND: To study the possibility of minimization of the skin incisions up to a puncture size at stripping by Mayo with the use of the stripper with an oval-ring head for large-diameter veins. METHODS: The problem is solved due to the geometrical changing of the stripper head from a round to an oval one. The laboratory experiment showed that with a vein diameter of 10-20 mm the total cross-sectional area of its walls constituted 13.61 mm2, with a diameter of more than 20 mm it was 19...
March 15, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521486/relationship-between-the-maximum-carotid-plaque-area-and-the-severity-of-coronary-atherosclerosis
#7
Jialin He, Pingan Chen, Yishan Luo, Lushan Chen, Shaonan Li, Yichao Pan, Shenshen Fu
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery plaque is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Besides the presence of plaque, plaque characteristics is also related to the severity of CAD. So the characteristic difference of carotid plaque may affect this assessment role. However, it is unclear whether the maximum carotid plaque area can reflect the extents and severity of CAD. METHODS: We enrolled 388 consecutive CAD patients and 45 controls, and 204 patients were studied after excluding 184 patients without carotid plaque or coronary angiogram...
March 8, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521485/evaluation-of-three-different-devices-to-reduce-stasis-edema-in-poorly-mobile-nursing-home-patients
#8
Jean-Patrick Benigni, Jean-François Uhl, Florence Balet, Pascal Filori, Maxime Chahim
BACKGROUND: Prolonged immobility in the sitting position in the elderly is known to produce venous stasis with leg edema and possible skin changes. Compression stockings are often applied for this clinical problem. There are few experienced nursing staff available to supervise the difficult task of stocking application. METHODS: The authors have researched other effective and simple devices that may be suitable alternatives. This article reports the results of three different devices to reduce leg edema, as measured by reduction in leg volume : an electro- stimulation device, an adjustable compression Velcro® wrap and a short stretch bandage, each tested over a two-hour period...
March 8, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509372/lipid-derivatives-of-arachidonic-acid-used-as-markers-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-instability-a-pilot-study
#9
Aleksander Falkowski, Iwona Gorący, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk, Marcin Szemitko, Hubert Bogacki, Julia Kostka
BACKGROUND: To compare the results of computer estimation of atherosclerotic plaque with biochemical data and ascertain any relationship with the occurrence of stroke. METHODS: The study involved 20 atherosclerotic plaques causing 70-99% stenosis of internal carotid arteries (ICA). Ultrasonographic examination (USG) images of plaques were analyzed using a computer program. A histogram was obtained for each plaque and a gray scale median (GSM) was determined for each histogram in order to measure the echogenicity of an examined plaque...
March 6, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424187/vascular-malformations-classification-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
Inês M Carqueja, Joel Sousa, Armando Mansilha
INTRODUCTION: Vascular malformations are congenital lesions with complex clinical presentations and management. Their classification and treatment options have considerably changed throughout the years, with conflicting evidence in the literature. In this article, we aim to review the classification, diagnosis and treatment of the main vascular malformations. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A thorough non-systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed/Medline...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424186/spinal-cord-injury-in-endovascular-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-prevalence-risk-factors-and-preventive-strategies
#11
Vítor Miranda, Joel Sousa, Armando Mansilha
Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms are among the most challenging pathologic conditions vascular surgeons have to face. Endovascular treatment brought the prospect of being able to treat these complex aneurysms with less invasiveness and recent outcomes already challenge those of open repair. Plus, this technique offers a therapeutic option for patients who had none, due to significant comorbidities limiting open repair. Spinal cord injury is a major complication after complex aneurysm repair that dramatically affects patient's quality of life, even if technical success - aneurysm exclusion from circulation - has been achieved...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385792/efficacy-of-micronized-purified-flavonoid-fraction-daflon%C3%A2-on-improving-individual-symptoms-signs-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#12
Stavros K Kakkos, Andrew N Nicolaides
INTRODUCTION: The use of a venoactive drug is considered an important component of medical treatment of chronic venous disease (CVD), although the efficacy of certain venoactive drugs (VADs) on one or more individual leg symptoms or signs may have not been extensively studied to justify a strong recommendation in guidelines on CVD. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to study the effectiveness of the micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF, Daflon®) across the spectrum of defined venous symptoms, signs, quality of life (QoL) and treatment assessment by the physician...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385791/the-influence-of-patients-nutritional-status-on-the-prevalence-course-and-treatment-outcomes-of-lower-limb-ischemia-an-overview-of-current-evidence
#13
Marta Spychalska-Zwolińska, Tomasz Zwoliński, Marzena Anaszewicz, Jacek Budzyński
INTRODUCTION: The association of lower limb ischemia (LLI) with disturbances in nutritional status, in respect to over- or undernutrition, is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to present the current state of knowledge on this issue. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Systematic review of papers published between 2006 and 2018. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The literature shows inconclusive evidence regarding the impact of nutritional status on the risk, course, prognosis and outcomes of conservative and invasive treatment of LLI...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385790/recurrent-varices-after-surgery-a-clinical-and-color-doppler-ultrasound-scan-analysis
#14
Daniele Bissacco, Enza L Castronovo, Silvia Romagnoli, Maurizio Domanin
BACKGROUND: To evaluate clinical pictures, symptoms and etiology of recurrent varices after surgery (REVAS) through a clinical and color-Doppler-ultrasound scan (CDUS) analysis. METHODS: During a three-year period, data about 9043 consecutive outpatients were collected. Among these, 160 patients (1.8%) were affected by REVAS. Data about risk factors, types of primary vein surgery, symptoms, clinical and CDUS characteristics were analyzed using the Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy and Pathophysiology (CEAP), Stonebridge and Perrin classifications in order to evaluate clinical and anatomical varices patterns...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376624/investigation-of-non-saphenous-veins-in-c0s-patients
#15
Marzia Lugli, Oscar Maleti, M Letizia Iabichella, Michel Perrin
BACKGROUND: C0S patients have symptoms of chronic venous disorders (CVDs), though an anatomical or pathophysiological explanation is lacking. C0 and C1 classified lower limbs can present with valve incompetence from the second to sixth generation of tributaries of saphenous veins despite the absence of a detectable saphenous truncal reflux. We hypothesized that C0S venous symptoms could stem from the second to sixth generation of saphenous tributaries and small veins that are not connected to the saphenous system...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327897/peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease-and-perioperative-risk
#16
Peter Poredos, Pavel Poredos
Surgical procedures represent a risk for different complications which may appear during the perioperative period. Cardiac ischemic events and vascular complications are the most important causes of increased morbidity and mortality and they are much more frequent in patients with manifest cardiovascular disease. This is particularly seen in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD), which represents advanced atherosclerosis frequently accompanied by the presence of coronary artery disease. Therefore, patients with PAD need careful preoperative examination, including estimation of functional capacity and the presence of other co-existing atherosclerotic diseases...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249118/endovascular-thoracic-aortic-transection-repair-has-equivalent-survival-to-open-repair-after-blunt-thoracic-aortic-injury
#17
Young Erben, Gerardo Trejo, Adam J Brownstein, Raymond A Jean, Bulat A Ziganshin, Davide Carino, John A Elefteriades, Adrian A Maung
BACKGROUND: Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is highly lethal and its management has evolved with the advent of endovascular approaches. We hypothesized that endovascular repair (ER) would have equivalent/improved survival compared to open repair (OR). The aim of our study was to review our center's morbidity and mortality after BTAI. METHODS: Our Level I trauma center registry was queried for BTAI between 2002-2015. This cohort was stratified into three groups: ER, OR and those patients managed non-operatively (NOP)...
April 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463079/prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-through-the-implementation-of-a-risk-assessment-tool-a-comparative-study-in-medical-and-surgical-patients
#18
Min Y Park, John P Fletcher, Carmen Hoffmann, Alice Lance, Fiona Gavegan, Kerry Hitos
BACKGROUND: Hospitalised patients are at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Underutilisation of thromboprophylaxis remains common despite existing clinical guidelines. The aim is to evaluate the implementation of a state wide standardised adult VTE risk assessment tool (RAT) to assist in the screening of inpatients and prescribing of appropriate thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: In total, 234 patients were audited using clinical notes and spot assessments for VTE risk at Western Sydney Local Health District over a two year period...
February 19, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424185/predictors-of-early-failure-and-secondary-patency-in-native-arteriovenous-fistulas-for-hemodialysis
#19
Rui Abreu, Sara Rioja, Joaquin Vallespin, Xavier Vinuesa, Ruben Iglesias, Jose Ibeas
BACKGROUND: Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is considered the gold standard of vascular access for hemodialysis due to its longer survival, fewer complications, lower mortality and costs. Patency is important for effective dialysis treatment and this remains a challenge in nephrology. There are no well-defined prognostic factors for early and long-term AVF survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate comorbidity, analytical and ultrasound (US) variables as prognostic factors for early failure and AVF patency...
February 8, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125264/drug-coated-balloons-reduce-the-risk-of-recurrent-restenosis-in-arteriovenous-fistulas-and-prosthetic-grafts-for-hemodialysis
#20
Nicola Troisi, Pierfrancesco Frosini, Chiara Somma, Eugenio Romano, Azzurra Guidotti, Pietro C Dattolo, Giuseppe Ferro, Emiliano Chisci, Stefano Michelagnoli
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to evaluate the early and mid-term outcomes of drug-coated balloons (DCBs) in hemodialysis patients with recurrent stenosis of arteriovenous fistula and previously treated with plain balloon angioplasty (PBA). METHODS: Between July 2013 and June 2016 38 hemodialysis patients with recurrent stenosis of arteriovenous fistula underwent endovascular treatment with a DCB at our center. All patients were previously treated at the target lesion with a PBA...
February 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
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