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Psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810245/the-etiology-of-hoarding-disorder-a-review
#1
Mary E Dozier, Catherine R Ayers
This article will review the evidence of various proposed factors that contribute to the onset and maintenance of hoarding disorder (HD). Data suggests that hoarding is a chronic condition that starts early in life and does not remit if left untreated. There is emerging evidence that a number of factors contribute to the expression of HD symptoms, including genetics, neurocognitive functioning, attachments to possessions, beliefs, avoidance, personality factors, and life events. The extent to which each etiological factor uniquely contributes to hoarding is still unknown...
August 16, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797004/-lanthanic-presentation-in-first-episode-psychosis-predicts-long-service-delay-the-challenge-of-detecting-masked-psychosis
#2
Erling Inge Kvig, Beate Brinchmann, Cathrine Moe, Steinar Nilssen, Tor Ketil Larsen, Knut Sørgaard
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Studies of pathways to care in first-episode psychosis have documented a substantial treatment delay occurring after patients enter mental health services. An initial presentation with neurotic rather than psychotic symptoms is common in first-episode psychosis. The term "lanthanic patient" has been used to refer to patients presenting with a reason for help-seeking that is unrelated to the underlying pathology. The aim of this study is to explore whether a lanthanic presentation is related to prolonged service delay...
August 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787726/disturbances-of-embodiment-as-core-phenomena-of-depression-in-clinical-practice
#3
Otto Doerr-Zegers, Leonor Irarrázaval, Adrian Mundt, Virginie Palette
This paper proposes a phenomenological approach to the diagnosis of depression, with the aim of overcoming the broadness and nonspecificity of the concept of major depressive disorder (MDD) in current systems of diagnostic classification of mental disorders. Firstly, we outline the methodological limitations of the current classification systems for the diagnosis of MDD. Secondly, we offer a conceptual differentiation between a "symptomatological" versus a "phenomenological" diagnosis of depression. Thirdly, we propose characteristic "disturbances of embodiment" as the fundamental phenomena of "core depression", which manifest themselves in 3 dimensions: embodied self, embodied intentionality, and embodied time...
August 9, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738347/negative-beliefs-about-voices-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-are-associated-with-distress-a-plea-for-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#4
Christina W Slotema, Jan Dirk Blom, Mathijs Deen, Marieke B A Niemantsverdriet, Mark van der Gaag, Hans W Hoek, Iris E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are experienced by 21-54% of patients diagnosed with a borderline personality disorder (BPD), and ensuing distress is often high. Little is known about the beliefs these patients foster about their voices, and the influence thereof on distress and need for hospitalisation. METHODS: In a convenience sample of 38 BPD outpatients with AVH, data were collected with the aid of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS), Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ), Social Comparison Rating Scale (SCRS), and Voice Power Differential Scale (VPDS)...
July 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704829/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-secondary-traumatization-in-interpreters-for-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
David Kindermann, Carolin Schmid, Cassandra Derreza-Greeven, Daniel Huhn, Rupert Maria Kohl, Florian Junne, Maritta Schleyer, Judith K Daniels, Beate Ditzen, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of refugees, fleeing persecution, torture, and war, are estimated to suffer from psychological traumatization. After being sheltered in reception centers, the refugees come in close contact with different occupational groups, e.g., physicians, social workers, and interpreters. Previous studies ascertained that such interpreters themselves often suffer from primary psychological traumatization. Moreover, through translating refugees' potentially traumatic depictions, the interpreters are in danger of developing a so-called secondary traumatization...
July 14, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586778/autobiographical-memory-in-bipolar-disorder-and-its-link-to-neuropsychological-functioning
#6
Esther Quinlivan, Mattea Dallacker, Babette Renneberg, Elisa Strasser, Jana Fiebig, Thomas J Stamm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the specificity of autobiographical memory (AM) in bipolar disorder (BD) and to investigate the association between AM and neuropsychological functions. METHOD: Twenty bipolar patients and 22 matched healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. AM was assessed with an extended version of the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) including rejection cue words. A neuropsychological test battery was used to examine verbal memory, executive functions, and attention...
June 7, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571036/sexual-dynamics-of-married-women-with-interpersonal-dependency-a-qualitative-study-on-iranian-women
#7
Marziye Sharifi, Maryam Fatehizade, Fatemeh Bahrami, Rezvan Alsadat Jazayeri, Ozra Etemadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of documented research on the sexuality of dependent persons, this qualitative study examined sexual dynamics among Iranian married women with excessive interpersonal dependency. METHODS: Interviews with 18 married women with high interpersonal dependency were coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three major areas emerged from the data under which the themes clustered. These were (1) intrapersonal level which included confused sexual cognitions, intrusive thoughts during sex, preoccupation by sexual thoughts, low tolerance for reduction or interruption of sexual activity, and emotional distress during sex, (2) interactional dynamics including imposing pressure on the husband to have sex and assuming a submissive and receptive role during sex, and (3) contextual processes including social stigma and the effects of social phenomena...
June 2, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538227/self-directedness-predicts-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-psychotic-experiences-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#8
Letícia Oliveira Alminhana, Miguel Farias, Gordon Claridge, C Robert Cloninger, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
There is a high prevalence of psychotic-like experiences in nonclinical patient cohorts from Brazil. This study aimed to test whether personality dimensions, as well as schizotypy, are important predictors of quality of life (QoL) in individuals with psychotic experiences (PE). METHOD: 115 participants were recruited from Spiritist Centers in Brazil. At the 1-year follow up, 90 participants (78%) were reassessed. Instruments were the SCID-I (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV), TCI-R 140 (Revised Temperament and Character Inventory), OLIFE-R (Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences), and WHOQOL-BREF (World Health Organization QoL Instrument)...
May 25, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285316/the-interaction-of-childhood-maltreatment-sex-and-borderline-personality-features-in-the-prediction-of-the-cortisol-awakening-response-in-adolescents
#9
Michael Kaess, Sarah Whittle, Julian G Simmons, Martina Jovev, Nicholas B Allen, Andrew M Chanen
AIMS: The study aimed to investigate childhood maltreatment, sex, and borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms as prospective predictors of adolescent hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity. METHOD: A sample of 69 adolescents (30 female and 39 male) were selected from a larger longitudinal study of adolescent development and assessed at 3 time points. BPD symptoms were assessed at T1 (approx. 12.5 years), childhood maltreatment was assessed at T2 (approx...
March 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601869/rejoinder-to-commentary-panic-self-disorder-and-ease-research-methodological-considerations
#10
Luís Madeira, Sergio Carmenates, Cristina Costa, Ludgero Linhares, Giovanni Stanghellini, Maria Luísa Figueira, Louis Sass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528329/the-interrater-reliability-of-the-autism-diagnostic-interview-revised-adi-r-in-clinical-settings
#11
Eric Zander, Charlotte Willfors, Steve Berggren, Christina Coco, Anette Holm, Ida Jifält, Renata Kosieradzki, Jenny Linder, Viviann Nordin, Karin Olafsdottir, Sven Bölte
BACKGROUND: The Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) is considered a first choice assessment tool in autism spectrum disorder. Nevertheless, despite its wide use in psychiatric practice and recommendations by various clinical guidelines, its interrater reliability has predominantly been confirmed in research settings by specially trained, research reliability interviewers. The reliability of ADI-R assessments among clinicians has not yet been established. Therefore, this study examined the spontaneous interrater reliability of the ADI-R in a naturalistic clinical multicenter setting...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#12
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514778/validation-of-the-five-factor-model-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-positive-and-negative-syndrome-scale-in-schizophrenia
#13
Arij Yehya, Suhaila Ghuloum, Ziyad Mahfoud, Mark Opler, Anzalee Khan, Samer Hammoudeh, Yahya Hani, Hassen Al-Amin
BACKGROUND: The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) is a widely used assessment for patients with schizophrenia across clinical and research settings. This scale allows the classification of the psychotic symptoms to better understand the psychopathology in patients with schizophrenia. There are no available data on the different components of psychopathology in Arab patients with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the factor structure of the validated Arabic version of the PANSS in a sample of Arab patients with schizophrenia...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486227/schizotypy-and-cognitive-failures-a-mediating-role-for-affect
#14
Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus
BACKGROUND: Cognitive failures are disruptions in cognitive functioning during everyday life. Vulnerability to these failures is increased in a range of psychological disorders, including schizophrenia. In addition, healthy individuals with personality-based psychosis proneness, or schizotypy, often complain of heightened failures. A factor known to exacerbate cognitive failures is negative affect. Negative affectivity is linked to both schizophrenia and schizotypy. It is therefore possible that affect is responsible for the increased everyday cognitive failures in "high schizotypes"...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433991/the-effect-of-traumatic-experiences-and-psychiatric-symptoms-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-north-korean-refugees
#15
Yeonsun Choi, Sun Young Lim, Jin Yong Jun, So Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Soohyun Kim, Ah Reum Gwak, Ji-Chul Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Seog Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: Successful adaptation of refugees to a new society can be hindered by traumatic experiences and psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to examine the relationship between trauma, psychiatric symptoms and life satisfaction of North Korean refugees resettled in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 211 North Korean refugees living in South Korea completed a series of questionnaires on the history of their previous traumatic experiences, life satisfaction in South Korea, depression, anxiety, somatization and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395290/panic-self-disorder-and-ease-research-methodological-considerations
#16
Josef Parnas, Julie Nordgaard, Mads Gram Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285305/other-worlds-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-the-eawe-examination-of-anomalous-world-experience
#17
Louis Sass, Elizabeth Pienkos, Thomas Fuchs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285304/men-s-views-on-depression-a-systematic-review-and-metasynthesis-of-qualitative-research
#18
Silvia Krumm, Carmen Checchia, Markus Koesters, Reinhold Kilian, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: According to the concept of "male depression," depression among men might be underdiagnosed and undertreated because of gender differences in symptoms and coping. There is evidence that men experience atypical depressive symptoms including irritability, aggression, substance abuse, and increased risk behavior. To date, a substantial number of qualitative studies on men's views on depression has been conducted in the last few decades. METHODS: Based on a systematic review and metasynthesis of qualitative studies on men's subjective perspectives on depression, we aim at a comprehensive understanding of men's subjective views on depression with a specific focus on masculinity constructions...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273660/other-persons-on-the-phenomenology-of-interpersonal-experience-in-schizophrenia-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-3
#19
REVIEW
Giovanni Stanghellini, Massimo Ballerini, Milena Mancini
In this paper, we discuss the philosophical and psychopathological background of Domain 3, Other persons, of the Examination of Anomalous World Experiences (EAWE). The EAWE interview aims to describe the manifold phenomena of the schizophrenic lifeworld in all of their concrete and distinctive features, thus complementing a more abstract, symptom-focused approach. Domain 3, Other persons, focuses specifically on subjectively experienced interpersonal disturbances that may be especially common in schizophrenia...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268224/eawe-examination-of-anomalous-world-experience
#20
Louis Sass, Elizabeth Pienkos, Borut Skodlar, Giovanni Stanghellini, Thomas Fuchs, Josef Parnas, Nev Jones
The "EAWE: Examination of Anomalous World Experience" is a detailed semi-structured interview format whose aim is to elicit description and discussion of a person's experience of various aspects of their lived world. The instrument is grounded in the tradition of phenomenological psychopathology and aims to explore, in a qualitatively rich manner, six key dimensions of subjectivity - namely, a person's experience of: (1) Space and objects, (2) Time and events, (3) Other persons, (4) Language (whether spoken or written), (5) Atmosphere (overall sense of reality, familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance), and (6) Existential orientation (values, attitudes, and worldviews)...
2017: Psychopathology
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