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Psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226318/existential-orientation-on-the-phenomenology-of-values-attitudes-and-worldviews-in-schizophrenia-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-6
#1
Elizabeth Pienkos, Louis Sass
Since the appearance of schizophrenia as a distinct diagnosis, various researchers and clinicians, particularly those in the phenomenological and existential tradition, have noted the unique contribution of attitudinal and characterological factors to the illness. There has been a notable lack of attention paid to these features in most recent research on the disorder; still, understanding the values, attitudes, and worldviews - what might be termed the "existential orientation" - of persons with schizophrenia may be essential for comprehending the illness and developing effective approaches to treatment...
February 23, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196359/language-on-the-phenomenology-of-linguistic-experience-in-schizophrenia-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-4
#2
Elizabeth Pienkos, Louis Sass
Anomalies of language use and comprehension are common in schizophrenia. However, they are typically studied only from a diagnostic or behavioral perspective and viewed simply as deficits or disruptions of normal functioning. Such approaches ignore what it is like to experience language, and thus are at risk of missing aspects of these linguistic anomalies that may be crucial for understanding them. The Examination of Anomalous World Experience (EAWE) provides one way to inquire into the experiential changes related to and underlying these disturbances...
February 15, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132055/atmosphere-on-the-phenomenology-of-atmospheric-alterations-in-schizophrenia-overall-sense-of-reality-familiarity-vitality-meaning-or-relevance-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-5
#3
Louis Sass, Matthew Ratcliffe
"Atmospheric" alterations are key aspects of altered subjectivity in mental disorder. Karl Jaspers famously described the "delusional mood": a sense of uncanny salience and ominousness that often precedes the onset of schizophrenic psychosis or of delusions. Such experiences, he writes, involve "a transformation in our total awareness of reality" that often verges on ineffability. In psychiatry, these experiential alterations are often referred to in terms of "derealization." Though derealization most obviously refers to a decline in the sense of objective presence or felt actuality, it can also refer to other unusual experiences in which things seem unlike normal or standard reality, including altered familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance...
January 28, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118646/psychosocial-factors-and-comorbidity-associated-with-suicide-attempts-findings-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#4
Angele McGrady, Denis Lynch, Daniel Rapport
BACKGROUND: Suicidal attempts occur more frequently in patients with bipolar disorder compared to other mood disorders. The goal of this study is to identify psychosocial factors and comorbidity associated with this serious and life-threatening behavior. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Subjects were 121 patients evaluated and treated at a university outpatient psychiatric clinic. The patients' charts were examined to determine history of suicide attempts, demographic and psychosocial variables, and comorbid symptoms...
January 25, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103604/modification-of-first-impression-formation-and-personality-by-manipulating-outer-appearance
#5
Susanne-Marie Hüttner, Michael Linden
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Global impression is the first item in any psychopathological evaluation, as patients often elicit negative responses in other persons by a dysfunctional first impression formation. This can lead to interactional problems and stigmatization. This study tested to what degree the perception of "personality" can be changed by simple manipulations of the outer appearance of a person. METHOD: A total of 92 persons were given two different photos of the same female, one with hair combed back and the other with "open" curly hair...
January 20, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095382/examination-of-anomalous-world-experience-a-report-on-reliability
#6
Joseph Conerty, Borut Skodlar, Elizabeth Pienkos, Tina Zadravek, Greg Byrom, Louis Sass
BACKGROUND: The EAWE (Examination of Anomalous World Experience) is a newly developed, semi-structured interview that aims to capture anomalies of subjectivity, common in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, that pertain to experiences of the lived world, including space, time, people, language, atmosphere, and certain existential attitudes. By contrast, previous empirical studies of subjective experience in schizophrenia have focused largely on disturbances in self-experience. AIM: To assess the reliability of the EAWE, including internal consistency and interrater reliability...
January 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073112/space-and-objects-on-the-phenomenology-and-cognitive-neuroscience-of-anomalous-perception-in-schizophrenia-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-1
#7
Steven M Silverstein, Docia Demmin, Borut Škodlar
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Perception of space and objects is a traditional focus within phenomenology, and disturbances in these aspects of perception among people with schizophrenia have long been discussed within phenomenological psychiatry. Despite this, there has been little empirical work on the causes and effects of most of these perceptual alterations in people with schizophrenia. Progress towards this goal can be accelerated by the use of EAWE (Examination of Anomalous World Experience), an interview-based tool to elicit, categorize, and quantify abnormal perceptual and other experiential phenomena...
January 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064283/time-and-events-on-the-phenomenology-of-temporal-experience-in-schizophrenia-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-2
#8
Thomas Fuchs, Zeno Van Duppen
Temporality and its disturbances have been a major topic of phenomenological psychopathology. Particularly Minkowski, Kimura, and Blankenburg described the temporal dimension of schizophrenia. After a brief introduction to their ideas, we describe more recent approaches to temporality in more depth. To this aim, we first distinguish between implicit and explicit time. Implicit time is based on the constitutive synthesis of inner time consciousness on the one hand, and on the conative-affective dynamics of life on the other...
January 7, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978520/abnormal-time-experiences-in-major-depression-an-empirical-qualitative-study
#9
Giovanni Stanghellini, Massimo Ballerini, Simona Presenza, Milena Mancini, Georg Northoff, John Cutting
BACKGROUND: Phenomenological psychopathology, through theoretical and idiographic studies, conceptualizes major depressive disorder (MDD) as a disorder of time experience. Investigations on abnormal time experience (ATE) in MDD adopting methodologies requested by the standards of empirical sciences are still lacking. Our study aimed to provide a qualitative analysis, on an empirical ground and on a large scale, of narratives of temporal experiences of persons affected by MDD. METHODS: We interviewed 550 consecutive patients affected by affective and schizophrenic disorders...
December 16, 2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926911/first-rank-symptoms-in-methamphetamine-psychosis-and-schizophrenia
#10
James Shelly, Anne Uhlmann, Heidi Sinclair, Fleur M Howells, Goodman Sibeko, Don Wilson, Dan J Stein, Henk Temmingh
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine psychosis (MAP) symptomatology has been described as indistinguishable from that of schizophrenia (SZ), yet research comparing these two disorders on specific psychotic symptoms such as schneiderian first-rank symptoms (FRS) is lacking. We aimed to determine and compare the occurrence and associations of FRS in patients diagnosed with MAP and with SZ. SAMPLING AND METHOD: Data from SCID-I interviews performed on patients with either a diagnosis of SZ or MAP were compared...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846624/the-new-hamburg-hannover-agitation-scale-in-clinical-samples-manifestation-and-differences-of-agitation-in-depression-anxiety-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Stefanie Jung, Miriam Proske, Kai G Kahl, Tillmann H C Krüger, M Axel Wollmer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Agitation is a burdening phenomenon that occurs in a variety of psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to give a first direction for agitation occurrence in depression, anxiety disorder, and borderline personality disorder (BPD) as well as in healthy controls with and without psychiatric record. METHODS: Using the Hamburg-Hannover Agitation Scale (H2A), an instrument that allows for the measurement of agitation independently of the presence of a specific disorder, a patient sample (n = 158) and a healthy control group (n = 685) with (n = 94) and without (n = 591) psychiatric record were examined...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842303/assessing-chronic-stress-coping-skills-and-mood-disorders-through-speech-analysis-a-self-assessment-voice-app-for-laptops-tablets-and-smartphones
#12
Silke Braun, Chiara Annovazzi, Cristina Botella, René Bridler, Elisabetta Camussi, Juan P Delfino, Christine Mohr, Ines Moragrega, Costanza Papagno, Alberto Pisoni, Carla Soler, Erich Seifritz, Hans H Stassen
BACKGROUND: Computerized speech analysis (CSA) is a powerful method that allows one to assess stress-induced mood disturbances and affective disorders through repeated measurements of speaking behavior and voice sound characteristics. Over the past decades CSA has been successfully used in the clinical context to monitor the transition from 'affectively disturbed' to 'normal' among psychiatric patients under treatment. This project, by contrast, aimed to extend the CSA method in such a way that the transition from 'normal' to 'affected' can be detected among subjects of the general population through 10-20 self-assessments...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825156/psychopathological-course-typology-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-heuristic-approach-in-a-sample-of-100-patients
#13
Moritz E Wigand, Fabian U Lang, Thomas Becker, Thomas G Schulze, Werner Strik, Markus Jäger
BACKGROUND: Despite several previous attempts at subtyping schizophrenia, a typology that reflects neurobiological knowledge and reliably predicts course and outcome is lacking. We applied the system-specific concept of the Bern Psychopathology Scale (BPS) to generate a course typology based on three domains: language, affectivity, and motor behaviour. SAMPLING AND METHODS: A cohort of 100 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders according to DSM-IV criteria underwent psychopathological assessment, and all their available medical records were retrospectively analysed on the basis of the BPS...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784016/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780172/author-and-subject-index-vol-49-no-4-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771725/erratum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701179/parental-bonding-and-dyadic-interaction-source-of-mental-health-and-risk-of-psychopathology
#17
EDITORIAL
Corinna Reck, Sabine C Herpertz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668788/the-impact-of-parent-infant-interaction-on-epigenetic-plasticity-mediating-synaptic-adaptations-in-the-infant-brain
#18
REVIEW
Emmanuel Matas, Jörg Bock, Katharina Braun
The development of the brain depends on an individual's nature (genes) and nurture (environments). This interaction between genetic predispositions and environmental events during brain development drives the maturation of functional brain circuits such as sensory, motor, emotional, and complex cognitive pathways. Adverse environmental conditions such as early life stress can interfere with the functional development of emotional and cognitive brain systems and thereby increase the risk of developing psychiatric disorders later in life...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654713/empirically-derived-relational-pattern-prototypes-in-the-treatment-of-personality-disorders
#19
Antonello Colli, Annalisa Tanzilli, Ivan Gualco, Vittorio Lingiardi
BACKGROUND: Patient transference patterns play a central role in the psychotherapy of personality disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (1) explore the relationship between patients' personality disorders and specific relational patterns and (2) construct empirically derived prototypes of relational patterns for each personality disorder. SAMPLING AND METHODS: A random national sample of 314 clinicians completed the Psychotherapy Relationship Questionnaire, which evaluates patients' relational patterns, and the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200, which assesses personality disorders in a randomly selected patient currently in the clinician's care and with whom the clinician has worked for a minimum of 8 sessions and a maximum of 6 months (1 session per week)...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642753/attentional-bias-for-emotional-stimuli-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#20
Deborah Kaiser, Gitta A Jacob, Gregor Domes, Arnoud Arntz
BACKGROUND: In borderline personality disorder (BPD), attentional bias (AB) to emotional stimuli may be a core component in disorder pathogenesis and maintenance. SAMPLING: 11 emotional Stroop task (EST) studies with 244 BPD patients, 255 nonpatients (NPs) and 95 clinical controls and 4 visual dot-probe task (VDPT) studies with 151 BPD patients or subjects with BPD features and 62 NPs were included. METHODS: We conducted two separate meta-analyses for AB in BPD...
2016: Psychopathology
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