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Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407502/executive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-korsakoff-s-syndrome-a-theory-driven-approach
#1
W G Moerman-van den Brink, L van Aken, E M L Verschuur, S J W Walvoort, J I M Egger, R P C Kessels
Aims: In addition to amnesia, executive deficits are prominent in Korsakoff's syndrome (KS), yet poorly studied. This study investigates the degree of executive dysfunction in patients with KS for the three main executive subcomponents shifting, updating and inhibition using novel, theory-driven paradigms. Short summary: Compared to healthy controls, patients with KS show impairments on the executive subcomponents shifting and updating, but not on inhibition. Methods: Executive functions were measured with six carefully designed tasks in 36 abstinent patients with KS (mean age 62...
November 8, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376038/reply-to-effects-of-a-comprehensive-pro-alcohol-policy-in-washington-state
#2
William C Kerr, Edwina Williams, Yu Ye, Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Thomas K Greenfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376037/effects-of-a-comprehensive-pro-alcohol-policy-in-washington-state
#3
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351364/dynamic-features-of-problematic-drinking-alcohol-use-disorder-latent-classes-across-ages-18-64
#4
Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, John J Dziak, Stephanie T Lanza
Aims: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are linked with numerous severe detrimental outcomes. Evidence suggests that there is a typology of individuals with an AUD based on the symptoms they report. Scant research has identified how these groups may vary in prevalence by age, which could highlight aspects of problematic drinking behavior that are particularly salient at different ages. Our study aimed to (a) identify latent classes of drinkers with AUD that differ based on symptoms of AUD and (b) examine prevalences of latent classes by age...
October 23, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346513/patterns-in-reduction-or-cessation-of-drinking-in-australia-2001-2013-and-motivation-for-change
#5
Amy Pennay, Sarah Callinan, Michael Livingston, Daniel I Lubman, John Holmes, Sarah MacLean, Rachel Herring, Paul Dietze
Aims: This paper examines: (a) change over time (2001-2013) in recently reducing or ceasing drinking in the Australian population and (b) the reasons given for reducing or ceasing drinking in the most recent survey (2013); stratified by sex and age group. Short summary: Rates of reducing and ceasing drinking increased between 2001 and 2013 in Australia. Young people were more likely to modify drinking due to lifestyle and enjoyment reasons; older groups were more likely to report health reasons...
October 20, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281068/malocclusion-can-give-additional-hints-for-diagnosis-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#6
Moritz Blanck-Lubarsch, Stefanie Flieger, Reinhold Feldmann, Christian Kirschneck, Cristina Sauerland, Ariane Hohoff
Aims: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a developmental disorder caused by maternal alcohol intake (prevalence: 0.77%). Malocclusion has been described in case reports of patients with FASD, but reliable evidence for associations between FASD and malocclusion is not documented. Malocclusion is defined as tooth irregularity (prevalence: 14.6%) or incorrect relationship between the jaws such as lateral crossbites (prevalence: 3.1%). The purpose of this study was to investigate possible associations between malocclusion and FASD...
October 3, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260382/transitions-through-stages-of-alcohol-use-use-disorder-and-remission-findings-from-te-rau-hinengaro-the-new-zealand-mental-health-survey
#7
Charlene M Rapsey, J Elisabeth Wells, Ms Chrianna Bharat, Meyer Glantz, Ronald C Kessler, Kate M Scott
Aims: To understand transitions from alcohol use to disorder, we examine timing of transitions between stages of alcohol use and associations between transitions and socio-demographic factors. Short summary: Using nationally representative data, we found that the majority of alcohol use disorders develop by age 25. Increased alcohol use within a participant's cohort was associated with subsequent transition across all stages of alcohol use and disorder. Fifty percent of dependence cases had not remitted after 9 years...
September 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260381/the-incidence-of-alcoholism-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-active-treatment-in-two-tertiary-care-centers-in-italy
#8
Raffaele Giusti, Marco Mazzotta, Lucilla Verna, Isabella Sperduti, Francesca Romana Di Pietro, Paolo Marchetti, Giampiero Porzio
Introduction: Substance abuse is frequently under-diagnosed among cancer patients. Alcoholism is a problem afflicting about 18% of the general population. This percentage is higher in hospitalized patients. Previous studies conducted on advanced cancer patients admitted in palliative care units have highlighted this problem only for a small percentage of cases. The objective of the study was to evaluate the incidence of alcoholism in patients with advanced cancer admitted to two Italian Oncology Units for active cancer treatment, using a recognized and validated assessment tool...
September 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260375/research-protocol-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-alcohol-policy-changes-in-lithuania
#9
J Rehm, M Štelemekas, R Badaras
Aims: To point out the importance for public health to evaluate the past policy changes (2016-2018) in Lithuania. To present a research protocol to conduct this evaluation. Short summary: The staggered implementation of key alcohol policies in Lithuania over the past two years offers the possibility to evaluate 'best buys' for alcohol policies for this country. Lithuania is the only country where all 'best buys' were implemented over a short period of time, so this evaluation will be unique...
September 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260366/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-naltrexone-and-6%C3%AE-naltrexol-during-anti-craving-treatment-in-alcohol-dependence-reference-ranges
#10
Sonja Brünen, Nina Kim Bekier, Christoph Hiemke, Felix Korf, Klaus Wiedemann, Holger Jahn, Falk Kiefer
Aims: Aim of this study was to associate concentration of naltrexone and its major active metabolite 6β-naltrexol in blood with therapeutic outcome during treatment with naltrexone in subjects with alcohol dependence. Treatment with the μ-opiate receptor antagonist naltrexone has been shown to reduce craving for alcohol and alcohol intake in patients suffering from alcohol dependence. Short summary: This article shows the use of therapeutic drug monitoring in alcohol dependent patients, who are treated with naltrexone...
September 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192917/interaction-effects-between-the-cumulative-genetic-score-and-psychosocial-stressor-on-self-reported-drinking-urge-and-implicit-attentional-bias-for-alcohol-a-human-laboratory-study
#11
Jueun Kim, Michael A Marciano, Shyanne Ninham, Michelle J Zaso, Aesoon Park
Aims: The current candidate gene and environment interaction (cGxE) study examined whether the effects of an experimentally manipulated psychosocial stressor on self-reported drinking urge and implicit attentional bias for alcohol cues differ as a function of a cumulative genetic score of 5-HTTLPR, MAO-A, DRD4, DAT1 and DRD2 genotypes. The current study also examined whether salivary alpha-amylase level or self-reported anxiety state mediate these cGxE effects. Short Summary: Individuals with high cumulative genetic risk score of the five monoamergic genotypes showed greater attentional bias toward alcohol cues when exposed to a psychosocial stressor than when not exposed...
September 6, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184159/alcohol-consumption-and-the-risk-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Jiaqi Pan, Li Cen, Weixing Chen, Chaohui Yu, Youming Li, Zhe Shen
Aims: Epidemiologic evidence on alcohol consumption increasing the risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is contradictory. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between alcohol consumption and GERD by a meta-analysis of observational studies. Short summary: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a prevalent disease, and the incidence is rising. We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies, indicating that there was a significant association between alcohol consumption and the risk of GERD...
September 4, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346466/stress-and-alcohol-priming-of-brain-toll-like-receptor-signaling-in-alcohol-use-disorder
#13
Fulton T Crews, Ryan P Vetreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339185/alcohol-and-alcoholism-then-now-and-the-future-of-the-red-journal
#14
Lorenzo Leggio, Philippe de Witte, Jonathan Chick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204846/new-alcohol-biomarkers-new-challenges
#15
Pablo Barrio, Friedrich Martin Wurst, Antoni Gual
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30202939/integrated-treatment-at-the-first-stage-increasing-motivation-for-alcohol-patients-with-comorbid-disorders-during-inpatient-detoxification
#16
Mathias Ostergaard, Leonie Jatzkowski, Raffaela Seitz, Samantha Speidel, Tanja Weber, Norbert Lübke, Wolfgang Höcker, Michael Odenwald
Aims: Co-occurring mental disorders can complicate the detoxification treatment process and outcome. The aim of this study is to examine whether a brief psychoeducational group counseling session during detoxification treatment can increase the motivation for and utilization of subsequent treatments. Short summary: Interventions increased utilization of post-detoxification treatment and reduced alcohol-related readmissions. Higher depression or trauma scores were associated with higher rates of utilization of treatment...
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169583/corrigendum-leptin-expression-and-gene-methylation-patterns-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-with-ethyltoxic-cirrhosis-normalization-after-liver-transplantation-and-implications-for-future-research
#17
P J Proskynitopoulos, M Rhein, E Jäckel, M P Manns, H Frieling, S Bleich, T Thum, T Hillemacher, A Glahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169575/brief-intervention-among-mexican-origin-young-adults-in-the-emergency-department-at-the-usa-mexico-border-examining-the-role-of-patient-s-preferred-language-of-intervention-in-predicting-drinking-outcomes
#18
Sandra Oviedo Ramirez, Miriam J Alvarez, Craig Field, Osvaldo F Morera, Cheryl Cherpitel, Robert Woolard
Aims: Determine if the language in which brief intervention (BI) is delivered influences drinking outcomes among Mexican-origin young adults in the emergency department when controlling for ethnic matching. Short Summary: Aim of study was to determine if a patient's preferred language of intervention influences drinking outcomes among Mexican-origin young adults in the emergency department. Results indicate no significant differences in drinking outcomes among those who received BI in Spanish and BI in English...
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137197/fathers-alcohol-consumption-and-long-term-risk-for-mortality-in-offspring
#19
Jonas Landberg, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Daniel Falkstedt, Tomas Hemmingsson
Aim: This study examined associations between fathers' alcohol consumption and risk for total and cause-specific mortality in offspring. Short summary: We examined the associations between fathers' alcohol consumption and total and cause-specific mortality in adult offspring. Fathers' alcohol consumption was associated with increased risk of alcohol-related mortality in offspring. The association appeared to be weaker for causes of death in which alcohol plays a smaller, or less direct, role...
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137187/women-s-self-perceived-similarity-to-their-mother-and-associations-with-patterns-of-alcohol-misuse-over-20-years
#20
Amelia E Talley, Mackenzie L Hughes, Sharon C Wilsnack, Tonda L Hughes
Aims: This study examined transgenerational transmission of risk for female alcohol misuse. Women's perceived similarity to their mother/father in adulthood was examined in terms of its influence on the expected association between perceived maternal alcohol use and female offsprings' trajectories of alcohol misuse. We hypothesized that a daughter's self-perceived similarity to her mother, in instances where her mother was perceived to be a frequent- or problem-drinker, would be associated with an increase in the daughter's count of negative consequences from alcohol use and potential symptoms of alcohol dependence across adulthood...
November 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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