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Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750413/a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-alcohol-interventions-for-incarcerated-people
#1
Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Jennifer Ferguson, Sarah Landale, Emma L Giles, Grant J McGeechan, Charlotte Gill, Kelly J Stockdale, Aisha Holloway
Aim: The aim of this current study was to systematically review the literature on brief alcohol interventions for incarcerated individuals to ascertain the efficacy or effectiveness in making changes to either consumption of alcohol or other social outcomes. Short summary: Levels of risky drinking and dependency are high amongst incarcerated individuals. Eleven studies from nine articles were included in the systematic review. Six of the studies included brief intervention and three extended interventions...
May 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726886/biochemical-effects-on-the-liver-of-1-month-of-alcohol-abstinence-in-moderate-alcohol-consumers
#2
I D Munsterman, M M Groefsema, G Weijers, W M Klein, D W Swinkels, J P H Drenth, A F A Schellekens, E T T L Tjwa
In this study in healthy moderate alcohol consumers, we observe that one month of alcohol abstinence results in decreased gamma-glutamyl transferase levels, which return to baseline levels after resumption of alcohol consumption.
May 3, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718153/corrigendum-comparing-and-combining-topiramate-and-aripiprazole-on-alcohol-related-outcomes-in-a-human-laboratory-study
#3
Carolina L Haass-Koffler, Kimberly Goodyear, William H Zywiak, Lorenzo Leggio, George A Kenna, Robert M Swift
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659707/therapist-client-interactions-in-motivational-interviewing-the-effect-of-therapists-utterances-on-client-change-talk
#4
Michael Brown, Ciara Masterson, Gary Latchford, Gillian Tober
Aims: Motivational Interviewing is an effective treatment for a range of problematic behaviours, however, previous studies have revealed substantial variability in the effectiveness of therapists. Curiously, the specific behaviours which contribute to positive outcomes have rarely been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate hypothesised relationships between therapists' utterances and clients' change talk by analysing interactions sampled from the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT)...
April 12, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659711/corrigendum-real-time-monitoring-using-a-breathalyzer-based-ehealth-system-can-identify-lapse-relapse-patterns-in-alcohol-use-disorder-patients
#5
Markku D Hämäläinen, Andreas Zetterström, Maria Winkvist, Marcus Söderquist, Elin Karlberg, Patrik Öhagen, Karl Andersson, Fred Nyberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617716/corrigendum-screening-for-at-risk-alcohol-consumption-in-primary-care-a-randomized-evaluation-of-screening-approaches
#6
Simon Coulton, Veronica Dale, Paolo Deluca, Eilish Gilvarry, Christine Godfrey, Eileen Kaner, Ruth McGovern, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Robert Patton, Steve Parrott, Katherine Perryman, Thomas Phillips, Jonathan Shepherd, Colin Drummond, Nick Heather
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617889/insomnia-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-prevalence-risk-factors-and-acamprosate-effect-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#7
Pascal Perney, Philippe Lehert
Aims: The prevalence of insomnia ranges from 36% to 91% in alcohol-dependent patients and may persist after alcohol withdrawal. Acamprosate has been shown to decrease insomnia in abstinent patients. Based on a large clinical trial database, the aim of the present study is to assess the efficacy of acamprosate in reducing insomnia, and if indeed it does reduce insomnia, to better understand its action mechanism. Short Summary: The aim of the study is to confirm the efficacy of acamprosate to reduce insomnia using an individual patient data meta-analysis...
March 30, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617711/predictors-of-alcohol-withdrawal-readmissions
#8
Siva Harsha Yedlapati, Scott H Stewart
Aims: Hospital readmissions serve as a major benchmark for the quality of care and alcohol withdrawal (AW) may lead to multiple hospitalizations and readmissions. We sought to evaluate readmission rates and predictors of having AW-related readmissions in a nationally representative sample. Short summary: In a nationally representative sample, AW readmission within 30 days and multiple readmissions during the year were high and were particularly predicted by discharge against medical advice (AMA), comorbid psychosis, comorbid depression, poor socioeconomic status, comorbid drug abuse and alcohol-related medical disease...
March 30, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617709/what-happens-after-treatment-long-term-effects-of-continued-substance-use-psychiatric-problems-and-help-seeking-on-social-status-of-alcohol-dependent-individuals
#9
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jane Witbrodt, Meenakshi S Subbaraman, Lee Ann Kaskutas
Purpose: We examined whether alcohol-dependent individuals with sustained substance use or psychiatric problems after completing treatment were more likely to experience low social status and whether continued help-seeking would improve outcomes. Short summary: Ongoing alcohol, drug and psychiatric problems after completing treatment were associated with increased odds of low social status (unemployment, unstable housing and/or living in high-poverty neighborhood) over 7 years...
March 30, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596603/a-declaration-of-independence-implicit-alcohol-associations-have-independent-not-interactive-relationships-with-alcohol-consumption-and-aud-risk
#10
Tim Janssen, Angelo M DiBello, Kirsten P Peterson, Kristen P Lindgren
Aims: The current study aimed to test for potential interactive effects of three implicit alcohol-related associations (drinking identity, alcohol approach and alcohol excitement) in predicting concurrent and prospective alcohol consumption and risk of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in two samples of the US undergraduate drinkers and non-drinkers. Short summary: We investigated the independent and interactive effects of three implicit associations on alcohol consumption and risk of AUD in two US undergraduate student samples...
March 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596589/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-problem-drinking-among-substance-users-with-poorly-controlled-hiv-infection
#11
Jennifer C Elliott, Ahnalee M Brincks, Daniel J Feaster, Deborah S Hasin, Carlos Del Rio, Gregory M Lucas, Allan E Rodriguez, Ank E Nijhawan, Lisa R Metsch
Aims: We aimed to identify psychosocial factors related to problem drinking among patients with poorly controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Short Summary: We aimed to identify psychosocial factors related to problem drinking among those with poorly controlled HIV infection. Increased levels of interpersonal conflict were associated with greater severity of alcohol problems. Poorer mental health, medical mistrust and less satisfaction with one's physician related to excessive drinking...
March 27, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590325/real-time-monitoring-using-a-breathalyzer-based-ehealth-system-can-identify-lapse-relapse-patterns-in-alcohol-use-disorder-patients
#12
Markku D Hämäläinen, Andreas Zetterström, Maria Winkvist, Marcus Söderquist, Elin Karlberg, Patrik Öhagen, Karl Andersson, Fred Nyberg
Aim: We introduce a new remote real-time breathalyzer-based method for monitoring and early identification of lapse/relapse patterns for alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients using a composite measure of sobriety, the Addiction Monitoring Index (AMI). Methods: We constructed AMI from (a) obtained test results and (b) the pattern of ignored tests using data from the first 30 patients starting in the treatment arms of two on-going clinical trials. The patients performed 2-4 scheduled breath alcohol content (BrAC)-tests per day presented as blood alcohol content (BAC) data...
March 24, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590313/follow-up-data-improve-the-estimation-of-the-prevalence-of-heavy-alcohol-consumption
#13
Juho Kopra, Pia Mäkelä, Hanna Tolonen, Pekka Jousilahti, Juha Karvanen
Aims: We aim to adjust for potential non-participation bias in the prevalence of heavy alcohol consumption. Methods: Population survey data from Finnish health examination surveys conducted in 1987-2007 were linked to the administrative registers for mortality and morbidity follow-up until end of 2014. Utilising these data, available for both participants and non-participants, we model the association between heavy alcohol consumption and alcohol-related disease diagnoses...
March 24, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562310/the-mutual-relationship-between-men-s-drinking-and-depression-a-4-year-longitudinal-analysis
#14
Soo Bi Lee, Sulki Chung, HaeKook Lee, Jeong Seok Seo
Aims: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between depression and drinking among male adults from the general population. Methods: This study used a panel dataset from the Korean Welfare Panel (from 2011 to 2014). The subjects were 2511 male adults aged between 20 and 65 years. Based on the Korean Version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-K) scores, 2191 subjects were categorized as the control group (AUDIT-K < 12) and 320 subjects were categorized as the problem drinking group (AUDIT-K ≥ 12)...
March 17, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554208/advertising-content-platform-characteristics-and-the-appeal-of-beer-advertising-on-a-social-networking-site
#15
Jonathan K Noel, Thomas F Babor, James J Grady
Aims: The current study was conducted to investigate how changes in the content of a social media ad, user engagement values associated with the ad and user-generated comments (UGCs) associated with the ad can influence the appeal (i.e. source appeal, informational appeal and emotional appeal) of a social media ad. Short summary: Facebook beer ads that violated the guidelines of a relevant marketing code were rated as more emotionally appealing compared to Facebook beer ads that did not violated the guidelines...
March 15, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546352/confusion-in-sobriety-a-case-study-on-disulfiram-encephalopathy-in-a-middle-aged-male-patient
#16
Joyce Heung, Johannes Yin-Kwong Poon, Chi-Kwong Tung, Sze-Wing Yeung, Ming Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546288/a-life-course-approach-to-understanding-racial-ethnic-differences-in-transitions-into-and-out-of-alcohol-problems
#17
Camillia K Lui, Nina Mulia
Aims: Alcohol problems are most prevalent in young adulthood and decrease thereafter, but some studies find that racial/ethnic minorities have elevated alcohol risk beyond the 20s. This study examines racial/ethnic differences in the transitions into and out of alcohol problems, and whether these are explained by heavy drinking (HD), socioeconomic disadvantages and adult role transitions from the 20s to 30s. Short summary: Racial/ethnic groups had similar risks for earlier onset and recurrence/persistence of alcohol problems, but Blacks were at significantly greater risk than Whites for later onset in the 30s...
March 13, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546271/impact-of-alcohol-on-hiv-disease-pathogenesis-comorbities-and-aging-integrating-preclinical-and-clinical-findings
#18
Patricia E Molina, Liz Simon, Angela M Amedee, David A Welsh, Tekeda F Ferguson
Alcohol's multisystemic effects impact HIV disease pathogenesis and increase the risk for comorbidities in persons living with HIV (PLWH). The increased number of aging PLWH increases the potential for alcohol to enhance the risk for comorbidities. Integration of epidemiological, preclinical and translational studies provide an overarching view of the impact of heavy alcohol consumption on HIV risk, pathogenesis, treatment and burden of disease. The combined insult of HIV infection, heavy alcohol consumption and toxic effects of antiretroviral therapy in aging PLWH poses a public health challenge through increased disease burden that also impacts quality of life and increases health care costs...
March 13, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514178/the-medical-council-on-alcohol-s-50th-anniversary-witness-seminar
#19
Virginia Berridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506082/evaluating-within-person-change-in-implicit-measures-of-alcohol-associations-increases-in-alcohol-associations-predict-increases-in-drinking-risk-and-vice-versa
#20
Kristen P Lindgren, Scott A Baldwin, Cecilia C Olin, Reinout W Wiers, Bethany A Teachman, Jeanette Norris, Debra Kaysen, Clayton Neighbors
Aims: Implicit measures of alcohol associations (i.e. measures designed to assess associations that are fast/reflexive/impulsive) have received substantial research attention. Alcohol associations related to the self (drinking identity), the effects of alcohol (alcohol excite) and appetitive inclinations (alcohol approach) have been found to predict drinking cross-sectionally and over time. A critical next step in this line of research and the goal of this study is to evaluate whether increases in the strength of these associations predict increases in drinking and vice versa...
March 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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