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Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155922/population-level-effects-of-a-mass-media-alcohol-and-breast-cancer-campaign-a-cross-sectional-pre-intervention-and-post-intervention-evaluation
#1
Neil Martin, Penny Buykx, Colin Shevills, Claire Sullivan, Lynsey Clark, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
Aims: To examine the relationship between a TV-led breast cancer mass-media campaign in the North East of England (conducted in two waves: Jul/2015 and Nov/2015), awareness of the link between alcohol and cancer, intention to reduce alcohol consumption and support for alcohol related policies. Methods: Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted; one over the 2 weeks pre-campaign (n = 572); one immediately following campaign wave 1 (n = 576); and another immediately following campaign wave 2 (n = 552)...
November 16, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145640/craving-as-a-dsm-5-symptom-of-alcohol-use-disorder-in-non-treatment-seekers
#2
Emily E Hartwell, Lara A Ray
Aims: DSM-5 has added craving as a new criterion and changed the diagnostic structure of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Though craving has long been a target of intervention, less is known about the impact this addition will have on prevalence and factor structure of AUD, particularly in non-treatment seeker with alcohol problems. Methods: Non-treatment seeking individuals reporting alcohol-related problems (N = 296) completed a structured clinical interview and the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS)...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145559/prenatal-alcohol-exposure-and-suspected-hearing-impairment-among-children-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Satomi Yoshida, Calistus Wilunda, Takeshi Kimura, Masato Takeuchi, Koji Kawakami
Aims: This study aimed to examine the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among Japanese children using early childhood health check-up data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used population-based health check-up data for children who were born between April 2000 and March 2013 in Hofu city, Japan. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among children at the age of 36 months...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145545/treatment-of-alcohol-induced-psychotic-disorder-alcoholic-hallucinosis-a-systematic-review
#4
Barkat Masood, Peter Lepping, Dmitry Romanov, Rob Poole
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of evidence based treatments for alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (AIPD) as described by ICD-10 and DSM-5, a condition that is distinct from schizophrenia and has a close relationship with alcohol withdrawal states. Method: Systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Results: Of 6205 abstracts found, fifteen studies and ten case reports met criteria and were examined. Larger studies examined the use of first-generation antipsychotic drugs, reporting full or partial remission in most patients...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136100/ghrelin-is-related-to-personality-differences-in-reward-sensitivity-and-impulsivity
#5
Elizabeth Ralevski, Marya Shanabrough, Jenelle Newcomb, Erin Gandelman, Ryan Hayden, Tamas L Horvath, Ismene Petrakis
Aims: Ghrelin, a feeding-related peptide mainly produced in the stomach, has been linked to reward mechanisms for food and drugs of abuse in addition to traits of impulsivity. This study is a secondary analysis of an existing data set designed to examine the direct relationships between fasting ghrelin levels and reward sensitivity/impulsivity in healthy social drinkers. Methods: Participants (n = 20) were recruited from an original study examining the subjective effects of alcohol among social drinkers...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136096/alcohol-warning-label-awareness-and-attention-a-multi-method-study
#6
Cuong Pham, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Joy Parkinson, Shanshi Li
Aims: Evaluation of alcohol warning labels requires careful consideration ensuring that research captures more than awareness given that labels may not be prominent enough to attract attention. This study investigates attention of current in market alcohol warning labels and examines whether attention can be enhanced through theoretically informed design. Attention scores obtained through self-report methods are compared to objective measures (eye-tracking). Methods: A multi-method experimental design was used delivering four conditions, namely control, colour, size and colour and size...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136090/perfect-for-a-gin-and-tonic-how-context-drives-consumption-within-a-modified-bogus-taste-test
#7
Rebecca L Monk, Adam W Qureshi, Adam McNeill, Marianne Erskine-Shaw, Derek Heim
Aim: To implement a modified bogus taste test (BTT) and to examine the interactive effects of environmental and social contexts on levels of 'alcohol' consumption. Method: University students (Study 1 n = 38, Study 2 n = 80), recruited via opportunity sampling, completed a modified BTT under the pretence of assessing garnish preference for gin and tonic. All participants were tested alone or as part of an existing friendship group. In Study 1 participants were in a laboratory setting but were exposed to different contextual cues (alcohol-related or neutral) by way of posters displayed on the walls...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136089/nutritional-status-during-inpatient-alcohol-detoxification
#8
Marie-Astrid Gautron, Frank Questel, Michel Lejoyeux, Frank Bellivier, Florence Vorspan
Aims: As low rates of thiamine are thought to be implicated in alcohol-related cognitive disorders, we wanted to assess patients with alcohol use disorders (AUD) during detoxification for their nutritional status and test if vitamins blood levels were associated with a surrogate of cognitive impairment. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of medical records of 94 consecutive patients hospitalized for alcohol detoxification in a specialized addiction medicine department...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087443/inclusion-of-alcoholic-associations-into-a-public-treatment-programme-for-alcoholism-improves-outcomes-during-the-treatment-and-continuing-care-period-a-6-year-experience
#9
Gabriel Rubio, Marta Marín, Francisco Arias, José Ramón López-Trabada, Martín Iribarren, Susana Alfonso, Raquel Prieto, Agustín Blanco, Belén Urosa, Victoria Montes, Rosa Jurado, Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Arriero, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca
Aims: To investigate whether inclusion of self-help groups into the hospital treatment programme improves the prognosis of alcohol dependence through the treatment period; and to examine therapeutic adherence and prognosis during continuing care. Method: Patients attending the treatment programme at the 'Hospital 12 de Octubre' were randomized into two groups. In Group A (n = 123), patients received the usual treatment included in our programme, whereas in Group B (n = 126), patients also attended self-help groups...
October 26, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087437/maintenance-of-abstinence-in-self-help-groups
#10
Bertrand Nalpas, Isabelle Boulze-Launay
Aim: To analyse abstinence rates 12 months after alcohol cessation in a sample of French subjects participating in support group meetings. Method: The project was co-designed with support group representatives, and co-investigator roles were delegated to meeting managers. Subjects who had stopped drinking for <3 months were included. An independent investigator evaluated alcohol intake and group attendance every 3 months using a questionnaire, and time to first drink was analysed using survival curves...
October 26, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087434/evaluation-of-alcohol-screening-and-community-based-brief-interventions-in-rural-western-kenya-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Risa Takahashi, Calistus Wilunda, Karani Magutah, Wanja Mwaura-Tenambergen, Lukoye Atwoli, Usaneya Perngparn
Aims: To assess the effectiveness of community-based alcohol brief interventions (ABI) implemented by community-health workers with and without motivational talks (MT) by former drinkers, in reducing harmful and hazardous alcohol consumption. Methods: We conducted a three-arm quasi-experimental study (one control and two intervention groups) between May and December 2015 in Kakamega County, Kenya. Participants were hazardous or harmful alcohol drinkers with an Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score of 8-19 at baseline...
October 26, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053772/the-effect-of-increased-alcohol-availability-on-alcohol-related-health-problems-up-to-the-age-of-42-among-children-exposed-in-utero-a-natural-experiment
#12
Emelie Thern, David Carslake, George Davey Smith, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
Aim: To examine whether exposure to increased alcohol availability in utero is associated with later alcohol-related health problems. Method: Register-linked population-based longitudinal study using data from a natural experiment setting, including 363 286 children born 1965-71. An experimental alcohol policy change was piloted in two regions of Sweden in 1967-68, where access to strong beer increased for 16-20 year old. Children exposed in utero to the policy change were compared to children born elsewhere in Sweden (excluding a border area), and to children born before and after the policy change...
October 19, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040357/environmental-context-influences-visual-attention-to-responsible-drinking-messages
#13
Daniel Frings, Antony C Moss, Ian P Albery, Guleser Eskisan, Thomas D W Wilcockson, Alexander P Marchant
Aims: Responsible drinking messages (RDMs) are used as a key tool to reduce alcohol-related harms. A common form of RDM is in a poster format displayed in places such as bars, bus stops and toilet cubicles. However, evidence for the effectiveness of RDMs remains limited. Moreover, it is not known how environmental contexts (e.g. the number of alcohol-related cues in the environment) impact how such RDMs are interacted with, nor how this in turn affects their efficacy. Methods: One hundred participants completed a pseudo taste preference task in either in a bar laboratory (alcohol cue rich environmental context) or a traditional laboratory...
October 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040353/sociodemographic-differences-between-alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-pooled-analysis-of-four-cohort-studies
#14
Jenni Ervasti, Mika Kivimäki, Jenny Head, Marcel Goldberg, Guillaume Airagnes, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Paula Salo, Sakari Suominen, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Marie Zins, Marianna Virtanen
Aims: We examined differences in sickness absence in relation to at-risk drinking and abstinence, taking into account potential changes in consumption. Methods: We used individual-participant data (n = 46,514) from four prospective cohort studies from Finland, France and the UK. Participants responded to a survey on alcohol use at two time points 4-6 years apart, and were linked to records of sickness absence for an ~6-year follow-up after the latter survey. Abstainers were those reporting no alcohol use in either survey...
October 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040351/oxytocin-genotype-moderates-the-impact-of-social-support-on-psychiatric-distress-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#15
Tiffany M Love, James A Cranford, Margit Burmeister, Marcin Wojnar, Robert A Zucker, Kirk J Brower
Aims: The social environment strongly influences individual mental health. Individuals with strong social support systems tend to experience higher levels of well-being, lower levels of psychological distress and exhibit fewer psychiatric symptoms. However, there is a significant degree of individual variability as to the extent to which social support is beneficial to overall mental health. From a neurobiological perspective, it is suggested that the social hormone, oxytocin, may moderate the favorable effects of social interaction...
October 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036310/baclofen-self-poisoning-in-the-era-of-changing-indication-multicentric-reports-to-a-french-poison-control-centre
#16
Maxime Léger, Marion Brunet, Gaël Le Roux, Nicolas Lerolle, David Boels
Aims: Baclofen has gained interest in treating alcohol use disorder patients. These patients are at risk of voluntary drug intoxications. Understanding the context of baclofen's widespread use for alcohol use disorder, a recent evaluation of the epidemiology, morbidity and mortality of baclofen self-poisoning episodes is necessary. Methods: All baclofen self-poisoning reported to the Western France Poison Control Centre between January 2008 and December 2015 were included for analysis in this retrospective study...
September 28, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036522/more-alcohol-more-liver-injury-not-always-true
#17
Irina Kirpich, Craig McClain
An animal model of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) that recapitulates human disease is an unmet need. An alcohol-preferring strain and WT mice were fed alcohol by different techniques and with different diet compositions. Interestingly, the greatest alcohol consumers did not develop the worst ALD. This editorial highlights how diet and the gut microbiome/metabolome may influence the development/severity of ALD.
September 20, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036399/use-of-a-crossed-high-alcohol-preferring-chap-mouse-model-with-the-niaaa-model-of-chronic-binge-ethanol-intake-to-study-liver-injury
#18
Kyle J Thompson, Shayan S Nazari, W Carl Jacobs, Nicholas J Grahame, Iain H McKillop
Aims: This study sought to compare mice bred to preferentially consume high amounts of alcohol (crossed-high alcohol preferring, cHAP) to c57BL/6 (C57) mice using a chronic-binge ethanol ingestion model to induce alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Methods: Male C57 and cHAP mice were randomized to a Lieber-DeCarli control (LDC) diet, Lieber-DeCarli 5% (v/v) ethanol (LDE) diet or free-choice between 10% (v/v) ethanol in drinking water (EtOH-DW) and DW. After 4 weeks mice were gavaged with either 9 g/kg maltose-dextrin (LDC+MD) or 5 g/kg EtOH (LDE+Binge, EtOH-DW+Binge)...
September 20, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036283/the-science-of-absent-evidence-is-there-such-thing-as-an-effective-responsible-drinking-message
#19
Antony C Moss, Ian P Albery
Aims: To review the effectiveness of responsible drinking messages (RDMs). Methods: We searched PsycINFO, MEDLINE and Google Scholar to June 2016 for studies evaluating the effectiveness of RDMs. Only eight studies met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Due to a small number of search results and broad inconsistency in methods and outcome measures, quantitative synthesis was not possible so a narrative summary of findings was conducted. Results: A review of findings from these articles suggested a disjointed approach in terms of the format and content of RDMs evaluated, as well as the dependent variables used to judge their effectiveness...
September 20, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016721/no-impact-of-calorie-or-unit-information-on-ad-libitum-alcohol-consumption
#20
Olivia M Maynard, Tess Langfield, Angela S Attwood, Emily Allen, Imogen Drew, Alex Votier, Marcus R Munafò
Aims: To investigate the impact of unit and calorie information on drinking behaviour in an ad libitum taste test paradigm. Methods: In this experimental human laboratory study, participants were randomized to one of four conditions, balanced by gender, using a 2 (unit information: present vs. absent) × 2 (calorie information: present vs. absent) between-subjects design. The percentage of beer consumed during the taste test was the primary outcome measure. Results: Among this largely undergraduate student population, we found no evidence that either unit or calorie information impacted alcohol consumption in an ad libitum taste test...
September 18, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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