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Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346576/commentary-on-communicating-messages-about-drinking-using-the-big-legal-guns-to-block-alcohol-health-warning-labels
#1
Paula O'Brien, Deborah Gleeson, Robin Room, Claire Wilkinson
Like the tobacco industry, the alcohol industry, with the support of governments in alcohol exporting nations, is looking to international trade and investment law as a means to oppose health warning labels on alcohol. The threat of such litigation, let alone its commencement, has the potential to deter all but the most resolute governments from implementing health warning labeling.
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346500/commentary-alcohol-and-alcoholism-special-issue-on-alcohol-and-liver-transplantation
#2
Helmut K Seitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#3
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346473/treatment-for-alcohol-dependence-in-primary-care-compared-to-outpatient-specialist-treatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sara Wallhed Finn, Anders Hammarberg, Sven Andreasson
Aim: To investigate if treatment for alcohol dependence in primary care is as effective as specialist addiction care. Method: Randomized controlled non-inferiority trial, between groups parallel design, not blinded. The non-inferiority limit was set to 50 grams of alcohol per week. About 288 adults fulfilling ICD-10 criteria for alcohol dependence were randomized to treatment in primary care (men n = 82, women n = 62) or specialist care (men n = 77, women n = 67)...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329422/proscriptive-vs-prescriptive-health-recommendations-to-drink-alcohol-within-recommended-limits-effects-on-moral-norms-reactance-attitudes-intentions-and-behaviour-change
#5
L Pavey, P Sparks, S Churchill
Aims: Health advice can be framed in terms of prescriptive rules (what people should do, e.g. you should drink alcohol within recommended limits) or proscriptive rules (what people should not do, e.g. you should not drink alcohol above recommended limits). The current research examines the differing effect that these two types of injunction have on participants' moral norms, reactance, attitudes and intentions to consume alcohol within moderation, and their subsequent alcohol consumption...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329417/effects-of-alcohol-cues-on-mrs-glutamate-levels-in-the-anterior-cingulate
#6
Hu Cheng, Derek Kellar, Allison Lake, Peter Finn, George V Rebec, Shalmali Dharmadhikari, Ulrike Dydak, Sharlene Newman
Growing evidence suggests that glutamate neurotransmission plays a critical role in alcohol addiction. Cue-induced change of glutamate has been observed in animal studies but never been investigated in humans. This work investigates cue-induced change in forebrain glutamate in individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD). A total of 35 subjects (17 individuals with AUD and 18 healthy controls) participated in this study. The glutamate concentration was measured with single-voxel 1H-MR spectroscopy at the dorsal anterior cingulate...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329406/judgement-of-breath-alcohol-concentration-levels-among-pedestrians-in-the-night-time-economy-a-street-intercept-field-study
#7
M P Cameron, M J Roskruge, N Droste, P G Miller
Aims: To evaluate how well people in the night-time economy can assess their own breath alcohol concentration (BrAC), in the context of a change in breath alcohol limits for driving. Methods: We conducted a field study of 242 participants over 5 nights in the central business district of a university town in New Zealand. Participants completed a short survey, which included questions on their self-reported level of intoxication and the self-estimated BrAC. At the conclusion of the interview each participant was breath-tested...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329373/co-existing-hepatitis-c-and-alcoholic-liver-disease-a-diminishing-indication-for-liver-transplantation
#8
Amanda Wieland, Gregory T Everson
Aims: To provide an overview of published literature on the interaction of alcohol and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the accelerated progression of liver disease to cirrhosis as relates to decision-making for the management of the liver transplant candidate and recipient. Methods: General PubMed search was employed along with expert input to identify the relevant articles on the topic. The authors also utilized both backward and forward citation review of the relevant articles and reviews to identify articles on identified topic...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329371/alcohol-use-in-adolescence-and-later-working-memory-findings-from-a-large-population-based-birth-cohort
#9
Liam Mahedy, Matt Field, Suzanne Gage, Gemma Hammerton, Jon Heron, Matt Hickman, Marcus R Munafò
Aims: The study aimed to examine the association between adolescent alcohol use and working memory (WM) using a large population sample. Methods: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were used to investigate the association between alcohol use at age 15 years and WM 3 years later, assessed using the N-back task (N ~ 3300). A three-category ordinal variable captured mutually exclusive alcohol groupings ranging in order of severity (i.e. low alcohol users, frequent drinkers and frequent/binge drinkers)...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329365/a-formative-evaluation-of-two-fasd-prevention-communication-strategies
#10
David L Driscoll, Victoria R Barnes, Janet M Johnston, Richard Windsor, Ryan Ray
Aims: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of placing FASD prevention messages in the women's restrooms of establishments serving alcohol in Alaska and the Yukon, regions with high rates of FASD. Methods: Our team placed an FASD educational poster, and posters affixed to a pregnancy test dispenser, in women's restrooms of bars and restaurants. We compared drinking behaviors and knowledge and beliefs about FASD among participants at baseline and at follow-up...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329359/effectiveness-of-mass-media-campaigns-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-and-harm-a-systematic-review
#11
Ben Young, Sarah Lewis, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Linda Bauld, Martine Stead, Kathryn Angus, Mhairi Campbell, Shona Hilton, James Thomas, Kate Hinds, Adela Ashie, Tessa Langley
Aims: To assess the effectiveness of mass media messages to reduce alcohol consumption and related harms using a systematic literature review. Methods: Eight databases were searched along with reference lists of eligible studies. Studies of any design in any country were included, provided that they evaluated a mass media intervention targeting alcohol consumption or related behavioural, social cognitive or clinical outcomes. Drink driving interventions and college campus campaigns were ineligible...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309503/role-of-tlr4-in-the-modulation-of-central-amygdala-gaba-transmission-by-crf-following-restraint-stress
#12
F P Varodayan, S Khom, R R Patel, M Q Steinman, D M Hedges, C S Oleata, G E Homanics, M Roberto, M Bajo
Aims: Stress induces neuroimmune responses via Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) activation. Here, we investigated the role of TLR4 in the effects of the stress peptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) on GABAergic transmission in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) following restraint stress. Methods: Tlr4 knock out (KO) and wild-type rats were exposed to no stress (naïve), a single restraint stress (1 h) or repeated restraint stress (1 h per day for 3 consecutive days)...
January 4, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309499/insula-sensitivity-to-unfairness-in-alcohol-use-disorder
#13
Carlos R Cortes, Erica N Grodin, Claire L Mann, Karan Mathur, Michael Kerich, Xi Zhu, Melanie Schwandt, Nancy Diazgranados, David T George, Reza Momenan, Markus Heilig
Aims: Social decision making has recently been evaluated in alcohol use disorder (AUD) using the ultimatum game (UG) task, suggesting a possible deficit in aversive emotion regulation elicited by the unfairness during this task. Despite the relevance to relapse of this possible faulty regulation, the brain correlates of the UG in AUD are unknown. Methods: In total, 23 AUD and 27 healthy controls (HC) played three consecutive fMRI runs of the UG, while behavioral and brain responses were recorded...
January 4, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293882/the-effect-of-brief-interventions-for-alcohol-among-people-with-comorbid-mental-health-conditions-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials-and-narrative-synthesis
#14
Sadie Boniface, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Rachel Coleman, Paolo Deluca, Kim Donoghue, Colin Drummond, Zarnie Khadjesari
Aims: To review the evidence on the effect of brief interventions (BIs) for alcohol among adults with risky alcohol consumption and comorbid mental health conditions. Methods: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before May 2016 was undertaken and reported according to PRISMA guidelines. The findings were combined in a narrative synthesis. The risk of bias was assessed for included trials. Results: Seventeen RCTs were included in the review and narrative synthesis: 11 in common mental health problems, and 6 in severe mental illness...
December 26, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293880/post-transplant-outcomes-of-persons-receiving-a-liver-graft-for-alcoholic-liver-disease
#15
Shari Rogal, Neeta Shenai, Katherine Kruckenberg, Emily Rosenberger, Mary Amanda Dew, Andrea DiMartini
Aims: Liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) remains controversial yet following transplantation outcomes for patients with this disease are generally similar to patients transplanted for other types of liver diseases. Methods: In this review, we cover critical literature of ALD LT including established and recent findings of medical and psychosocial outcomes for ALD patients and compare their outcomes to other liver transplant recipients where evidence exists...
December 26, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281049/the-influence-of-alcohol-use-on-outcomes-in-patients-transplanted-for-non-alcoholic-liver-disease
#16
José Ursic-Bedoya, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Stéphanie Faure, Georges-Philippe Pageaux
Alcohol relapse after liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a common event that has been extensively studied. In contrast, alcohol consumption has usually been neglected in patients transplanted for other liver diseases. First off, patients can be mislabeled as 'non-ALD' when they suffer from another chronic liver disease. Then, alcohol consumption is not systematically tracked after LT in recipients having a primary indication other than ALD, although there are increasing data incriminating alcohol as responsible for graft damage and impaired survival...
December 21, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281037/central-administration-of-cyclosporine-a-decreases-ethanol-drinking
#17
Patrick J Ronan, Sydney A Strait, Geralyn M Palmer, Thomas P Beresford
Aims: Abstinence among alcohol dependent liver graft recipients is remarkably high. The routine use of anti-immune agents in these patients led to rodent studies showing that immunosuppressants acting through inhibition of calcineurin (CLN) are highly effective in decreasing alcohol consumption. It remained unclear, however, whether the decreased alcohol consumption in rodent models is mediated through peripheral suppression of immune response or centrally through direct inhibition of cyclophilin-CLN in the brain...
December 21, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281033/comparing-and-combining-topiramate-and-aripiprazole-on-alcohol-related-outcomes-in-a-human-laboratory-study
#18
Carolina L Haass-Koffler, Kimberly Goodyear, William H Zywiak, Lorenzo Leggio, George A Kenna, Robert M Swift
Aims: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of topiramate up to 200 mg/day and of aripiprazole up to 15 mg/day, alone and combined, in reducing alcohol-related outcomes in a human laboratory study. Method: This was a 5 week, between-subject, double-blind, placebo-controlled human laboratory study with topiramate [0 mg/day (placebo), 100 mg/day, 200 mg/day] and aripiprazole [0 mg/day (placebo), 7.5 mg/day, 15 mg/day] in 90 non-treatment seeking, heavy drinking, alcohol-dependent individuals...
December 21, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272361/cancer-and-alcohol-consumption-in-people-aged-50-years-or-more-in-europe
#19
Marina Bosque-Prous, Jenny Mendieta-Paredes, Montse Bartroli, M Teresa Brugal, Albert Espelt
Aims: To estimate the prevalence of hazardous drinking in individuals aged 50 and older who had or had had cancer in 17 European countries and Israel and to analyze the factors associated with their consumption. Methods: Cross-sectional study based on data from 2011 to 2013 SHARE surveys. A total of 69,509 individuals aged 50 or more from 17 European countries and Israel participated in the study. Prevalence of hazardous drinking in people with cancer was estimated (adapting the SHARE questionnaire to the AUDIT-C)...
December 19, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267841/corrigendum-consumption-of-alcoholic-energy-drinks-is-associated-with-work-related-injury-or-disease-among-manual-workers-in-taiwan
#20
Wan-Ju Cheng, Ming-Chyi Huang, Yawen Cheng, Chun-Hsin Chen, Chiou-Jung Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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