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Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419179/the-intensity-of-brief-interventions-in-patients-with-acute-alcoholic-pancreatitis-should-be-increased-especially-in-young-patients-with-heavy-alcohol-consumption
#1
Jussi Nikkola, Johanna Laukkarinen, Heini Huhtala, Juhani Sand
Aims: After the first acute alcoholic pancreatitis (AAP), active repeated brief interventions (BIs) have been shown to protect against recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP). However, in daily hospital practice the treatment of alcohol problems varies. Our aim was to study BIs performed in the clinic during AAP and whether this prevents from future RAP episodes. Methods: Data on all patients discharged between 10/2010 and 10/2012 with acute pancreatitis as the primary diagnosis were obtained from the hospital database...
April 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379324/are-changes-in-alcohol-consumption-among-swedish-youth-really-occurring-in-concert-a-new-perspective-using-quantile-regression
#2
Zangin Zeebari, Andreas Lundin, Paul W Dickman, Mats Hallgren
Aims: Recent studies of youth alcohol consumption indicate a collective downward drinking trend at all levels of consumption, i.e. reductions occurring 'in concert'. We re-examine the collectivity of drinking theory by applying quantile regression methods to the analysis and interpretation of Swedish youth alcohol consumption. Method: Changes in youth alcohol consumption between 2000 and 2014 were assessed using a school-based survey conducted in Stockholm (n = 86,402)...
April 4, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379321/use-of-psychoactive-medication-in-short-and-long-term-abstainers-from-alcohol
#3
Bertrand Nalpas, Pascal Perney
Aim: To document the use of prescribed psychoactive medicines in France in patients recovering from alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Method: Survey among short- and long-term abstainers attending groups of French self-help associations for AUDs, recording socio-demographic profile, duration of abstinence, prescription of psychoactive medication and attitudes towards that, and whether or not in medical or psychological follow-up for AUD. Result: Five hundred seventy-five abstainers participated...
April 4, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379312/associations-between-personality-and-drinking-motives-among-abstinent-adult-alcoholic-men-and-women
#4
Susan Mosher Ruiz, Marlene Oscar-Berman, Maaria I Kemppainen, Mary M Valmas, Kayle S Sawyer
Aims: Men and women differ in personality characteristics and may be motivated to use alcohol for different reasons. The goals of the present study were to characterize personality and drinking motives by gender and alcoholism status in adults, and to determine how alcoholism history and gender are related to the associations between personality traits and drinking motivation. Methods: Personality characteristics were assessed with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, which includes Extraversion, Neuroticism, Psychoticism and Lie (Social Conforming) scales...
April 4, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371801/preliminary-evaluation-of-the-niaaa-aap-brief-alcohol-use-screener
#5
Alan Meca, Jonathan G Tubman, Timothy Regan, Diane D Zheng, Rhoda Moise, Tae Kyoung Lee, Mary H Soares, Maria R Velazquez, Andrew Egbert, Seth J Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371897/screening-for-at-risk-alcohol-consumption-in-primary-care-a-randomized-evaluation-of-screening-approaches
#6
Simon Coulton, Veronica Dale, Paolo Deluca, Eilish Gilvarry, Christine Godfrey, Eileen Kaner, Ruth McGovern, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Robert Patton, Steve Parrott, Katherine Perryman, Thomas Phillips, Jonathan Shepherd, Colin Drummond
Aims: The aim of the study was to explore the relative efficiency and effectiveness of targeted versus universal screening for at-risk alcohol use in a primary care population in the UK. Methods: The study was a randomized evaluation of screening approach (targeted versus universal) for consecutive attendees at primary care aged 18 years or more. Targeted screening involved screening any patient attending with one of the targeted presentations, conditions associated with excessive alcohol consumption: mental health, gastrointestinal, hypertension, minor injuries or a new patient registration...
March 24, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371811/feasibility-of-studying-a-brief-intervention-to-help-chinese-villagers-with-problem-alcohol-use-after-an-earthquake
#7
Ruan Xiaolu, Wang Wenwen, Robert Ali, Li Xu, Wen Hong, Zhao Min, Du Jiang
Aim: To evaluate the feasibility of conducting a study of structured brief intervention (BI) for reducing problem alcohol use among individuals who experienced earthquake. Methods: Following the Wenchuan earthquake, 1336 clients from 18 local hospitals were invited to complete the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Of those, 239 individuals (AUDIT score of greater than or equal to 7) were included in the study. The participants from intervention village hospitals who were assigned to the BI group (n = 118) received a structured BI lasting 15-30 min plus general health education...
March 22, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340213/effects-of-alcohol-dependence-severity-on-neural-correlates-of-delay-discounting
#8
Aaron C Lim, Anita Cservenka, Lara A Ray
Aims: The current study examines the relationship between alcohol dependence severity and delay discounting neural activation. Methods: Participants (N = 17; 6 female) completed measures of alcohol use and severity and a functional magnetic resonance imaging version of a delay discounting task. Results: Alcohol dependence severity was negatively associated with activation in superior frontal gyrus during impulsive relative to delayed decisions, and positively associated with activation in paracingulate gyrus and frontal pole in delayed relative to impulsive decisions...
March 18, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340112/long-term-mortality-of-patients-with-an-alcohol-related-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome
#9
Arantza Sanvisens, Paola Zuluaga, Daniel Fuster, Inmaculada Rivas, Jordi Tor, Miguel Marcos, Antonio J Chamorro, Roberto Muga
Aims: To characterize a series of contemporary patients with alcohol-related Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) or Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) and to update the current prognosis of disease. Methods: Retrospective and prospective study of patients diagnosed with an alcohol-related WE or KS between 2002 and 2011 in a tertiary hospital. Socio-demographic, alcohol use characteristics, signs and symptoms, co-morbidity and blood parameters were obtained at admission. Patients were followed up until 2013 and causes of death were ascertained through the review of charts...
March 10, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340031/one-year-clinical-correlates-of-etg-positive-urine-screening-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-a-survival-analysis
#10
Pablo Barrio, Silvia Mondon, Lídia Teixidor, Lluisa Ortega, Eduard Vieta, Antoni Gual
Aims: Little evidence exists supporting the efficacy of regular alcohol urine screening (RAUS) in the management of alcohol dependence, despite recent improvements in urine biomarkers. In this study, we aimed at investigating 1 year, differential clinical correlates between a positive and a negative baseline urine ethyl glucuronide (EtG) screening. Methods: Alcohol-dependent outpatients participating in a previous cross-sectional study where EtG and ethanol diagnostic performances were compared in a double blind design were included...
March 10, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339865/myrddin-evans-a-gentleman-and-a-founder-of-the-medical-council-on-alcohol-mca-and-its-journal
#11
Abdulla A-B Badawy, Boris Tabakoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339858/relationship-between-emotional-processing-drinking-severity-and-relapse-in-adults-treated-for-alcohol-dependence-in-poland
#12
Maciej Kopera, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Hubert Suszek, Jennifer M Glass, Anna Klimkiewicz, Anna Wnorowska, Kirk J Brower, Marcin Wojnar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339869/alcohol-induces-cellular-senescence-and-impairs-osteogenic-potential-in-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#13
Xi Chen, Mao Li, Jinku Yan, Tao Liu, Guoqing Pan, Huilin Yang, Ming Pei, Fan He
Aims: Chronic and excessive alcohol consumption is a high-risk factor for osteoporosis. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) play an important role in bone formation; however, they are vulnerable to ethanol (EtOH). The purpose of this research was to investigate whether EtOH could induce premature senescence in BM-MSCs and subsequently impair their osteogenic potential. Methods: Human BM-MSCs were exposed to EtOH ranging from 10 to 250 mM. Senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) activity, cell cycle distribution, cell proliferation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were evaluated...
February 25, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339635/the-impact-of-zonisamide-on-the-development-and-course-of-alcohol-dependence-in-rabbits-a-pharmaco-eeg-study
#14
Agata Krupa-Burtnik, Ewa Zwierzynska, Anna Kordala, Boguslawa Pietrzak
Aims: Zonisamide is a new anti-epileptic drug whose mechanism of action is associated with neurotransmission systems also involved in the pathogenesis of addiction. Recently, the role of memory processes and the hippocampus (Hp) is underlined in dependence. In our previous study, we determined that zonisamide decreases changes in hippocampal bioelectric activity induced by a single dose of ethanol. Methods: This study uses a pharmaco-EEG method to examine the impact of zonisamide on the development and course of alcohol dependence in rabbits...
February 17, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200067/sensation-seeking-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-unstructured-socializing-with-peers
#15
Sharon Sznitman, Batya Engel-Yeger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200025/preliminary-evaluation-of-the-niaaa-aap-brief-alcohol-use-screener
#16
Alan Meca, Jonathan G Tubman, Timothy Regan, Diane D Zheng, Rhoda Moise, Tae Kyoung Lee, Mary H Soares, Maria R Velazquez, Andrew Egbert, Seth J Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158458/price-elasticity-of-alcohol-demand-in-india
#17
Santosh Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158652/acute-pancreatitis-impact-of-alcohol-consumption-and-seasonal-factors
#18
Sara Bertilsson, Anders Håkansson, Evangelos Kalaitzakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430936/preliminary-evaluation-of-the-niaaa-aap-brief-alcohol-use-screener
#19
Alan Meca, Jonathan G Tubman, Timothy Regan, Diane D Zheng, Rhoda Moise, Tae Kyoung Lee, Mary H Soares, Maria R Velazquez, Andrew Egbert, Seth J Schwartz
Aims: To assess the concurrent validity of the two-item NIAAA/American Academy of Pediatrics Brief Alcohol Use Screener, a developmentally sensitive assessment instrument, in a school-based sample of adolescents. Method: The sample consisted of 756 adolescents (53% girls; Mage = 13.7 years; SD = 1.6 years) in the 6th (n = 192), 8th (n = 283), and the 10th (n = 281) grades from Miami-Dade County, FL and Prince George's County, MD. Adolescents completed the NIAAA/AAP Brief Alcohol Use Screener, which consists of two items asking about adolescents' alcohol use and about peers' alcohol use during the last year...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430935/sensation-seeking-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-unstructured-socializing-with-peers
#20
Sharon Sznitman, Batya Engel-Yeger
Background: Researchers have theorized that adolescents high in sensation seeking are particularly sensitive to positive reinforcement and the rewarding outcomes of alcohol use, and thus that the personality vulnerability is a direct causal risk factor for alcohol use. In contrast, the routine activity perspective theorizes that part of the effect of sensation seeking on alcohol use goes through the propensity that sensation seekers have towards unstructured socializing with peers. The study tests a model with indirect and direct paths from sensation seeking and participation in unstructured peer socialization to adolescent alcohol use...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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